App Archives - Patch Cracks

App Archives - Patch Cracks

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App Archives - Patch Cracks
App Archives - Patch Cracks

Tag: foundation crack repair

People understand the metaphors about the necessity of a strong foundation; however, when the literal foundation of a house may be compromised they question if it is worth fixing. There is a reason the metaphors make sense. Your foundation is literally the most important part of the house. Without a strong foundation, App Archives - Patch Cracks, the whole structural integrity of the house could be compromised. While investing in foundation repair may not be a fun remodel, it is definitely necessary. Here are five reasons why you should invest in foundation wall repair.

1.) It is dangerous to ignore it

Foundation problems can lead to foundation failure. App Archives - Patch Cracks, while some cracks and foundation issues are slow moving, if you never solve the issues they will get worse. As the problem gets worse, it will cost more money to fix. If the damage is extensive enough it may need to be completely rebuilt. Ignoring foundation damage will become increasingly more dangerous and could completely collapse resulting in major repairs to your entire home.

2.) It impacts the resale value of your home

You may have a great house but if you have foundation problems, it is going to be hard to sell, App Archives - Patch Cracks. If you ever want to sell your house, you will have to either take a major loss on the house or fix the foundation. Most of the time the buyer will force the seller to repair the foundation before a deal is finalized. While the laws vary state to state, most places have strict laws about sales disclosures and the condition of the foundation is definitely an item on the disclosure form. If you don’t disclose a problem it can turn into a costly lawsuit or at least blow the sale.

3.) The problems will not go away on their own

Foundation problems will not fix themselves and it isn’t safe for a homeowner to do it themselves. They don’t have the right tools or the right experience to have a foundation repair job. Homeowners need to call a professional. A professional’s repairs will be certified. A home inspector will know the difference between a professional job and a DIY foundation repair and it will impact the value of your home.

4.) The issues don’t stop with the foundation

If you have need foundation repair then you probably have cracks in the foundation. If you have foundation cracks, you most likely have water issues, too. If you have water issues, App Archives - Patch Cracks, you most likely have mold and mildew issues. If you have mold then you probably have indoor air quality issues. Foundation cracks could also be letting in radon and other dangerous soil gases. Basically, you need to understand that foundation cracks are actually causing your families health and breathing problems or even worse, NetDrive 3.6.571 license key Archives cancer if you have a radon problem that you don’t know about.

5.) Fixing the foundation will fix your house

If you are in need of foundation repairs, you have probably been living with windows and doors that stick, unsightly cracks in your walls upstairs, or gaps around doors and windows letting in serious drafts or even rodents and insects. Your chimney could be leaning, tilting or even cracked. The bricks on your house could be cracked or with cracks in the mortar joints. These are just symptoms of foundation and settlement issues, App Archives - Patch Cracks. You need to fix the foundation to permanently fix these issues. If you try to fix these issues before you fix the real cause you will end up refixing the same problems over and over again.

Overall, the health of your foundation impacts your whole house and the health of the home environment. The foundation should be treated and maintained as the important part of the home that it is. Don’t ignore foundation repairs. Don’t wait for it to turn into an emergency. Invest in the foundation App Archives - Patch Cracks your home needs sooner than later.

Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

App Archives - Patch Cracks DO-IT-YOURSELF : Patching Cracks in the Plaster Does Not Have to Be Unsettling

You say you’ve stopped napping on the sofa because of that ominous-looking crack in the ceiling? You can’t take down that 20-year-old paint-by-number sunset in the dining room because of the gaping hole behind it? You’ve learned to close doors quietly while listening for the sound of parting plaster?

Repairing plaster walls found in older homes does not need to be intimidating. The truth is, fixing plaster is fairly simple, especially if you have some experience in finishing drywall.

The first step is to take a good look at the walls to figure out how much of the plaster is loose. Plaster is applied over lath, narrow wooden strips with gaps between them. As the wet plaster is applied, some of it oozes through the cracks in the boards. When it dries, the oozed bit forms a sort of knob or slub that holds the plaster tight to the wood. The slubs are called keys, and over the years, because the house may be settling, or because there is always vibration from foot traffic, or even from buses running outside, some of the keys break off.

When it loses its keys, plaster is in trouble. There are plaster washers, small flat metal rings that can be nailed through the plaster and back into the lath, then coated over with a new layer of plaster. But they are most effective in small areas. When plaster loses keys over a wide area, it is probably best to take it down and replace it with drywall. (You can, if you live in an area where there has been a lot of restoration, find good, old-fashioned plasterers, but that kind of craftsmanship does not come cheap.)

Ceilings are often the area worst hit, and if you have a lot of cracked, App Archives - Patch Cracks, damaged, loose plaster on a ceiling, it is a good candidate for drywall. In addition, if you are doing a major rehab, removing the ceilings makes it easier to replace plumbing, wiring and heating pipes or ducts.

Let’s assume that most of your repair work will be on the walls. If you just have a crack, dig the crack out slightly and bridge it with joint compound and drywall tape; finish like a regular drywall joint.

In larger areas of bad plaster that need repair, draw a rectangle or square on the wall that encompasses the bad section. Then use a utility knife to cut all the way through, so you can break the plaster out to the lines, leaving a nice straight patch. On an interior wall with old wooden lath backing, you would now be down to the wood lath. This is the point to make sure you have solved any problem that caused the plaster to crack in the first place--be it roof leaks, plumbing problems or settlement.

*

The next step is to re-nail any loose lath to the framing. You may then be able to take a short cut if the plaster is the exact thickness of a 3/8-inch or 1/2-inch sheet of drywall and you have exposed studs on both vertical sides to nail or screw the drywall patch into. If that’s the case, cut a piece of drywall to fit, screw the drywall through the lath, and tape and spackle the patch to the old plaster as you would any other drywall joint. (You have to tape between the old work and the new to keep your final finish from cracking.)

In most cases, however, the thickness of the plaster will vary considerably, so you will have to patch it with plaster.

For a good bond, nail a layer of galvanized metal lath to the old wooden lath. It comes in 2-by-6-foot sheets, so you can patch a pretty big area with one sheet. Use one-inch galvanized roofing nails.

Once the lath is nailed securely, start mixing up the plaster. Begin with a coarse plaster (Gypsolite is one brand name) to form what is called the scratch coat. Mix it so it is fairly stiff--you do not want it running down the walls. Smear it on the lath with a trowel, pressing so it goes through the holes. Build this first layer out so it is almost flush with the old surface. On a larger patch, App Archives - Patch Cracks, you may need to use a board that reaches from old surface to old surface to check the level of the patch.

Let the Gypsolite dry a day, then skim-coat it--that is, apply a final thin coating of quick-drying finish plaster such as Durabond 90--and then tape between the old surface and the new. Let the tape dry a bit, and skim over it with a light coat of Durabond 90, using a 12-inch drywall knife. It should be a light coat because Durabond 90 does not sand well; you want to leave it as smooth as possible, App Archives - Patch Cracks. For the final coat, you may need to mix a little water into the compound to keep it flowing smoothly.

Once the last layer of plaster dries, skim the tape and the patch with ordinary joint compound. Joint compound does sand easily, but if you have been careful, you should not need much sanding.

Keep the compound clean. Always use a small drywall pan or hawk (flat plate with a handle on the bottom) and dip fresh drywall out of the bucket at intervals. Clean tools thoroughly after each use. Keep the bucket covered. Any foreign objects or bits of dried plaster that get into the compound can mar the final finish.

There is a new “light” type of joint compound that is 33% less dense than the traditional variety. It is a little harder to apply, at least until you get the hang of it, but it works well on ceiling cracks and patches because it is not so heavy that it falls out.

There is nothing worse than standing under someone who is doing a sloppy job on a ceiling. Which brings up one more point: It is always a good idea to wear a hat.

Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

tl;dr 🔗

This tutorial for how to crack Android apps is one of my more technical posts. If you aren't a developer you might want to skip this one. :) I'm assuming some basic knowledge of UN*X, Java and Android.

Why crack an app? 🔗

Sometimes I like to check if online App Archives - Patch Cracks I use really are secure. I've presented quite a few cases to prove that they very often are not. Mostly I can use very simple techniques to check the security as there are so many basic security vulnerabilities out there. When it comes to apps I often use a HTTP proxy like Charles to take a look at the HTTP and HTTPS traffic. However, once in a while there are apps that use e.g. HTTP tunneling or certificate pinning. In those cases you need to go one step further to be able to listen to the network traffic.

Other reasons to decompile apps could be to recover lost source code, to inject language translations or even fix a bug. But hey, remember, don't do anything you are not allowed to. Don't break the law. This guide is just for educational purposes when you have legitimate reasons to do what you do.

Contents 🔗

These are the topics that I'll cover.

Online alternatives 🔗

Very often you don't have to get your hands too dirty getting the hands of a decompiled app. There are some good services out there that can provide you with most Android APKs, and then even some to decompile them.

Online APK archives 🔗

To get hold of an APK you can typically just google the package name. There are quite a few sites where to download them from. Some are more frequently updated than others. Note that you can get hold of different versions and the APK for different architectual platforms.

A word of wisdom: Don't download and run some random APK CardRecovery 6.30 Build 0216 With Crack Free Download 2021 there (at least do it in a sandboxed and/or emulated environment). There are quite a few sites that serves bogus or altered APKs. The app might look allright, but still have some malware injected. Don't blindly trust the ones that I recommend either. If the APK is signed with the same key as an APK that you got from Play Store you should be able to trust its origin (though there have been cases of private keys in the wild (even repackaged APKs uploaded to the vendor's own web site)).

Here's a few you might want to try out:

Online decompiler 🔗

The quickest and easiest way to decompile an APK is to just use an online service. You just upload the APK and get an archive with all the resources and decompiled files. javadecompilers.com is the one I have used, and I have been pretty happy with it.

As you might know, the APK file is really just a ZIP file, so you can typically just rename it to .zip and double click it or run unzip and you can start investigating the app. If it's a hybrid app you might not have to Serato DJ Pro 2.5.6 With Crack Free Download [ Latest Version ] it at all to get access to everything. Actually, the Gator Watch app was a hybrid app and gave away everything with little effort.

Getting the tools 🔗

Android - SDK, tools and emulators 🔗

You need to have at least the Android tools and SDK, but for most people I would recommend to just install Android Studio and follow the instructions to set it up as normal (but skip stuff like the SDK for Android TV and other stuff that will slow down your download).

Apktool - disassembling and reassembling APKs 🔗

Apktool can be installed manually, or if it's available via your package manager you can just install it using a command like apt-get install apktool.

Getting the APK 🔗

The first step of the reverse engineering is to get hold of the APK. I'll use my own Android app Developer Tools as an example app. It's open source and if you want you can get the source code and APKs from GitHub.

The command-line tool adb (Android Debug Bridge) is used for all communication with the device or emulator. You can find the tool in the Android's installation folder platform-tools.

$ # Lists all packages: $ adb shell pm list packages <loong list of apps /> $ # Simple way of searching for packages: $ adb shell pm list packages grep roysolberg package:com.roysolberg.android.smarthome package:com.roysolberg.android.datacounter package:com.roysolberg.android.developertools $ # Get the path of a package: $ adb shell pm path com.roysolberg.android.developertools package:/data/app/com.roysolberg.android.developertools-1/base.apk $ # Get hold of the APK actual APK file: $ adb pull /data/app/com.roysolberg.android.developertools-1/base.apk /data/app/com.roysolberg.android.developertools.file pulled. 25.2 MB/s (2035934 bytes in 0.077s)
Note on App Bundles / multi-APK 🔗

It's increasingly common (and required for Play Store releases in the second half of 2021) that apps use Android App Bundles. This adds a layer of complexity when cracking apps.

When the app is an App Archives - Patch Cracks Bundle you will in the above example see more than one APK file. Typically you will see (the common code), (config for the CPU architecture), App Archives - Patch Cracks, (config for the screen resolution) and typically a split for the language and maybe some dynamic features.

You need copy all the APK files - either in separate commands or pull the whole app directory.

Decoding the APK 🔗

The next step is to unzip and decompile the APK. Apktool App Archives - Patch Cracks this for us.

$ # Decode the pulled APK into a directory named base: $ apktool decode base.apk $ # d works as an alias for decode: $ apktool d base.apk
Note on App Bundles / multi-APK 🔗

If you are interested in the core code and not the resource files you only have to consider the files and not the rest. But note that you need to either decompile and compile them (or at least unzip them and remove the folder before zipping again) if you need to resign the app as shown in a later step.

Altering the app 🔗

This is where the hard work starts. The code files are now fully readable, but the code is now in the smali format. You can think of smali as a sort of assembly language.

As an example we'll first change the language string app_name to Hacker Tools.

$ # Edit the main language file: $ vi base/res/values/strings.xml

Then we'll change some hard coded text so that we have changed both resources and actual code.

$ # Search for file we want App Archives - Patch Cracks change: App Archives - Patch Cracks -nr 'originally' base/smali base/smali/com/roysolberg/android/developertools/ui/activity/MainActivity.smali:651: const-string v4, "This app was originally just created for myself to make some development tasks a bit easier. I've released it to Play Store hoping that someone else might find it useful.\n\nIf you want to get in touch me, please send me a mail at [email protected]\n\nPlease note that I take no credit for the third party apps." $ # Edit the smali file and change the string value: $ vi base/smali/com/roysolberg/android/developertools/ui/activity/MainActivity.smali
Reading Java instead of smali 🔗

There's a way out if you rather want to read Java instead of smali. The excellent tool jadx provides both a command-line and GUI tool for App Archives - Patch Cracks dex to Java.

You can open the APK files directly in the the program and have all the code decompiled and converted. Reading Java is after all easier than reading the smali format. Just note that you cannot simply change the Java code and recompile it with jadx. You can always try to get a project up and running in Android Studio, but it will typically take some major effort as jadx seldom can fully decompile everything 100%.

Getting the app back together 🔗

There are quite a few steps getting everything together. We need to rebuild the app, sign it, App Archives - Patch Cracks, zipalign it, and then install it. If the properly signed app is still installed it needs to first be uninstalled as our signature violates the existing one.

The command-line tool zipalign is needed to align the contents of the APK for Android to be App Archives - Patch Cracks to run it, App Archives - Patch Cracks. You can find the tool in the Android's installation folder build-tools/<some version number>.

 $ # First build a new APK with the changes: $ apktool build base -o base.unaligned.apk $ # Sign the app using the Android debug certificate generated from Android Studio installation: $ jarsigner -verbose -sigalg MD5withRSA -digestalg SHA1 -keystore ~/.android/debug.keystore -storepass android base.unaligned.apk androiddebugkey $ # Align APK: $ zipalign -v 4 base.unaligned.apk base.aligned.apk $ # If original app (with different signature) is installed it must be uninstalled. $ # Please note that you will lose any app data you have. $ adb uninstall com.roysolberg.android.developertools Success $ # Final step is to install the newly altered app (-r for reinstall (keeping the app's data)): $ adb install -r base.aligned.apk Success $ # To keep an eye on the log and what's going on you can use logcat: $ adb logcat

That's it! :-)

Note on App Bundles / multi-APK 🔗

If you have multiple APK files and you just signed the altered APK file with a new certificate you will need to sign every single APK file with and then them.

Installing them will need the option and all APK files as arguments:

adb install-multiple -r base.aligned.apk split_config.xxxhdpi.aligned.apk apk3.aligned.apk apk4.aligned.apk

A few addtional tips 🔗

Reading smali 🔗

It might take a little bit of getting used to, but reading smali isn't all too bad. If you have any concrete problems you'll find the answer with some googling. But a good tip is to create some small very simple Java classes yourself and check out what they look like in the smali format.

If you are having trouble navigating the smali code and understand the flow of an app you can use the following smali code. It will call Thread.dumpStack() which logs the current thread's call stack.

invoke-static {}, Ljava/lang/Thread;->dumpStack()V

If you need to know the value of a string - e.g. a parameter - you can use Log.d(String tag, App Archives - Patch Cracks, String message) to log it to the system log.

const-string/jumbo v0, "YourTag" invoke-static {v0, p1}, Landroid/util/Log;->d(Ljava/lang/String;Ljava/lang/String;)I
Proguard 🔗

Very often - but not in the case of my Developer Tools app - the code will be shrinked and obfuscated using ProGuard. This makes the code a lot harder do read and understand. There aren't really any good ways around it, but doing the thread dump trick and taking your time to follow the code will eventually get you where you want to be.

Wrapping it up 🔗

The regular Developer Tools app on the left and the cracked one on the right.If you have followed along the guide you would see the app change from the version on the left to something like the one on the right. One of the reasons I wrote this guide was for my own sake to have something to easily copy and paste from when doing some reverse engineering myself, but I thought this might be useful one for others as well. :)

Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

Incredible Bee Archiver 3.0.9 Crack

Incredible Bee Archiver as Easy as Pie. Archiver made working with archives easy. But we knew there was room for improvement, so we stepped up our efforts a gear to make working with archives even easier for you. Archiver 2 brings you a fresh interface, App Archives - Patch Cracks, a blazing fast workflow and a quick preview.

Take a Quick Look.

Say goodbye to extracting all files in an archive just to see what’s inside! With Archiver 2 you can take a sneak peak and preview archives, App Archives - Patch Cracks. And it gets better: Archiver lets you extract only App Archives - Patch Cracks files you really need. It’s all just a drag and a drop away.

Drag-and-Drop Delight.

Never worry about archive formats again — Archiver’s drag-and-drop capability is back and smarter than ever! Just drag your files into the app and watch Archiver take care of the rest.

Shrink Images and Music Files.

Have you ever tried to send an image only to be told that the file is too large? Do your file uploads seem to take forever? Enter Archiver 2’s own compression format, with which you can truly shrink image and audio files.

MultiTask.

Archiver 2 is geared to take full advantage of your Mac, allowing you to do a whole lot more at the same time. And it’s remarkably easy to do! By simply dragging in more archives, Archiver will extract them for you side-by-side all at once.

It’s a Secret to Everybody.

Keep your data private, App Archives - Patch Cracks, keep it secure! With Archiver 2 you can protect your sensitive files by packing them in encrypted, password-protected archives by entering the password you wish to use.

Split and Combine.

Got a file too large for a disk or email? Archiver has always been great at splitting and combining files. With Archiver 2, you can now also create split archives. All you need to do is specify the size of each chunk, and you’re good to go!





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App Archives - Patch Cracks - opinion

John the Ripper password cracker

Openwall

John the Ripper is an Open Source password security auditing and password recovery tool available for many operating systems. John the Ripper jumbo supports hundreds of hash and cipher types, including for: user passwords of Unix flavors (Linux, *BSD, Solaris, AIX, QNX, etc.), macOS, Windows, "web apps" (e.g., WordPress), groupware (e.g., Notes/Domino), and database servers (SQL, LDAP, etc.); network traffic captures (Windows network authentication, WiFi WPA-PSK, etc.); encrypted private keys (SSH, GnuPG, cryptocurrency wallets, etc.), filesystems and disks (macOS .dmg files and "sparse bundles", Windows BitLocker, etc.), archives (ZIP, RAR, 7z), and document files (PDF, Microsoft Office's, etc.) These are just some of the examples - there are many more.

John the Ripper is free and Open Source software, distributed primarily in source code form. If you would rather use a commercial product, please consider John the Ripper Pro, which is distributed primarily in the form of "native" packages for the target operating systems and in general is meant to be easier to install and use while delivering optimal performance.

Proceed to John the Ripper Pro homepage for your OS:

Download the latest John the Ripper jumbo release (release notes) or development snapshot:

Run John the Ripper jumbo in the cloud (AWS):

Download the latest John the Ripper core release (release notes):

Get John the Ripper apparel at 0-Day Clothing and support the project

To verify authenticity and integrity of your John the Ripper downloads, please use our GnuPG public key. You will most likely need to download a "Windows binaries" archive above. However, if you choose to download the source code instead (for a specific good reason), then please refer to these pages on how to extract John the Ripper source code from the tar.gz and tar.xz archives and how to build (compile) John the Ripper core (for jumbo, please refer to instructions inside the archive). You can also consider the unofficial builds on the contributed resources list further down this page.

These and older versions of John the Ripper, patches, unofficial builds, and many other related files are also available from the Openwall file archive.

You can browse the documentation for John the Ripper core online, including a summary of changes between core versions. Also relevant is our presentation on the history of password security.

There's a collection of wordlists for use with John the Ripper. It includes lists of common passwords, wordlists for 20+ human languages, and files with the common passwords and unique words for all the languages combined, also with mangling rules applied and any duplicates purged.

yescrypt and crypt_blowfish are implementations of yescrypt, scrypt, and bcrypt - some of the strong password hashes also found in John the Ripper - released separately for defensive use in your software or on your servers.

passwdqc is a proactive password/passphrase strength checking and policy enforcement toolset, which can prevent your users from choosing passwords that would be easily cracked with programs like John the Ripper.

We can help you integrate modern password hashing with yescrypt or crypt_blowfish, and/or proactive password strength checking with passwdqc, into your OS installs, software, or online services. Please check out our services.

There's a mailing list where you can share your experience with John the Ripper and ask questions. Please be sure to specify an informative message subject whenever you post to the list (that is, something better than "question" or "problem"). To subscribe, enter your e-mail address below or send an empty message to <john-users-subscribe at lists.openwall.com>. You will be required to confirm your subscription by "replying" to the automated confirmation request that will be sent to you. You will be able to unsubscribe at any time and we will not use your e-mail address for any other purpose or share it with a third party. However, if you post to the list, other subscribers and those viewing the archives may see your address(es) as specified on your message. The list archive is available locally and via MARC. Additionally, there's a list of selected most useful and currently relevant postings on the community wiki.

Contributed resources for John the Ripper:

Local copies of these and many other related packages are also available from the Openwall file archive.

John the Ripper is part of Owl, Debian GNU/Linux, Fedora Linux, Gentoo Linux, Mandriva Linux, SUSE Linux, and a number of other Linux distributions. It is in the ports/packages collections of FreeBSD, NetBSD, and OpenBSD.

John the Ripper is a registered project with Open Hub and it is listed at SecTools.

Powered by Openwall GNU/*/LinuxPowered by OpenVZ

Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

Incredible Bee Archiver 3.0.9 Crack

Incredible Bee Archiver as Easy as Pie. Archiver made working with archives easy. But we knew there was room for improvement, so we stepped up our efforts a gear to make working with archives even easier for you. Archiver 2 brings you a fresh interface, a blazing fast workflow and a quick preview.

Take a Quick Look.

Say goodbye to extracting all files in an archive just to see what’s inside! With Archiver 2 you can take a sneak peak and preview archives. And it gets better: Archiver lets you extract only the files you really need. It’s all just a drag and a drop away.

Drag-and-Drop Delight.

Never worry about archive formats again — Archiver’s drag-and-drop capability is back and smarter than ever! Just drag your files into the app and watch Archiver take care of the rest.

Shrink Images and Music Files.

Have you ever tried to send an image only to be told that the file is too large? Do your file uploads seem to take forever? Enter Archiver 2’s own compression format, with which you can truly shrink image and audio files.

MultiTask.

Archiver 2 is geared to take full advantage of your Mac, allowing you to do a whole lot more at the same time. And it’s remarkably easy to do! By simply dragging in more archives, Archiver will extract them for you side-by-side all at once.

It’s a Secret to Everybody.

Keep your data private, keep it secure! With Archiver 2 you can protect your sensitive files by packing them in encrypted, password-protected archives by entering the password you wish to use.

Split and Combine.

Got a file too large for a disk or email? Archiver has always been great at splitting and combining files. With Archiver 2, you can now also create split archives. All you need to do is specify the size of each chunk, and you’re good to go!





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Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

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Fixing Cracks in Plaster Walls

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During the winter, when most houses are extra dry,

you may notice cracks developing in your interior plaster

walls. They usually show up around corners, doors or windows.

Here are some tips from Better Homes and Gardens magazine

to fix those fractures:

Hairline cracks:

Use a wall surface filler, such as a spackling compound.

It is available in powder, paste and aerosol forms.

* Widen the crack with a knife or screwdriver to about

1/8 inch and blow out any loose plaster. For long lasting

results, dig about an inch past each end.

* Wipe the fissure with a fingerful of filler, pressing

it in. This may need to be repeated in an hour or so when

the first application dries.

* Always seal patches witha primer before painting

so the repair does not "bleed" through the finish coat.

Large cracks:

Patching plaster is stronger than filler and better for

big cracks. It must be mixed with water.

* Undercut wide cracks gently with a hammer and chisel

to make them wider at the bottom than on the surface to

help lock in the plaster.

* Mix patching plaster in small batches, following

directions carefully.

* Thoroughly wet the crack just before patching to

make a good bond between the old and new plaster.

* Pack plaster into the crack with a wide-blade knife,

such as a putty knife.

* Wait about 24 hours. Then, level off the repair with

a second application after wetting the area.

* Wait another 24 hours. Smooth the dried patch with

fine sandpaper or a damp sponge. Seal with primer before painting.

Simmering Potpourri

Simmering pots of potpourri can spice up a stuffy

house with all kinds of pleasant scents. Those pots, however,

should be used very carefully, according to the U.S. Consumer

Product Safety Commission.

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Tag: foundation crack repair

People understand the metaphors about the necessity of a strong foundation; however, when the literal foundation of a house may be compromised they question if it is worth fixing. There is a reason the metaphors make sense. Your foundation is literally the most important part of the house. Without a strong foundation, the whole structural integrity of the house could be compromised. While investing in foundation repair may not be a fun remodel, it is definitely necessary. Here are five reasons why you should invest in foundation wall repair.

1.) It is dangerous to ignore it

Foundation problems can lead to foundation failure. Yes, while some cracks and foundation issues are slow moving, if you never solve the issues they will get worse. As the problem gets worse, it will cost more money to fix. If the damage is extensive enough it may need to be completely rebuilt. Ignoring foundation damage will become increasingly more dangerous and could completely collapse resulting in major repairs to your entire home.

2.) It impacts the resale value of your home

You may have a great house but if you have foundation problems, it is going to be hard to sell. If you ever want to sell your house, you will have to either take a major loss on the house or fix the foundation. Most of the time the buyer will force the seller to repair the foundation before a deal is finalized. While the laws vary state to state, most places have strict laws about sales disclosures and the condition of the foundation is definitely an item on the disclosure form. If you don’t disclose a problem it can turn into a costly lawsuit or at least blow the sale.

3.) The problems will not go away on their own

Foundation problems will not fix themselves and it isn’t safe for a homeowner to do it themselves. They don’t have the right tools or the right experience to have a foundation repair job. Homeowners need to call a professional. A professional’s repairs will be certified. A home inspector will know the difference between a professional job and a DIY foundation repair and it will impact the value of your home.

4.) The issues don’t stop with the foundation

If you have need foundation repair then you probably have cracks in the foundation. If you have foundation cracks, you most likely have water issues, too. If you have water issues, you most likely have mold and mildew issues. If you have mold then you probably have indoor air quality issues. Foundation cracks could also be letting in radon and other dangerous soil gases. Basically, you need to understand that foundation cracks are actually causing your families health and breathing problems or even worse, lung cancer if you have a radon problem that you don’t know about.

5.) Fixing the foundation will fix your house

If you are in need of foundation repairs, you have probably been living with windows and doors that stick, unsightly cracks in your walls upstairs, or gaps around doors and windows letting in serious drafts or even rodents and insects. Your chimney could be leaning, tilting or even cracked. The bricks on your house could be cracked or with cracks in the mortar joints. These are just symptoms of foundation and settlement issues. You need to fix the foundation to permanently fix these issues. If you try to fix these issues before you fix the real cause you will end up refixing the same problems over and over again.

Overall, the health of your foundation impacts your whole house and the health of the home environment. The foundation should be treated and maintained as the important part of the home that it is. Don’t ignore foundation repairs. Don’t wait for it to turn into an emergency. Invest in the foundation repairs your home needs sooner than later.

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grep roysolberg package:com.roysolberg.android.smarthome package:com.roysolberg.android.datacounter package:com.roysolberg.android.developertools $ # Get the path of a package: $ adb shell pm path com.roysolberg.android.developertools package:/data/app/com.roysolberg.android.developertools-1/base.apk $ # Get hold of the APK actual APK file: $ adb pull /data/app/com.roysolberg.android.developertools-1/base.apk /data/app/com.roysolberg.android.developertools-...file pulled. 25.2 MB/s (2035934 bytes in 0.077s)
Note on App Bundles / multi-APK 🔗

It's increasingly common (and required for Play Store releases in the second half of 2021) that apps use Android App Bundles. This adds a layer of complexity when cracking apps.

When the app is an App Bundle you will in the above example see more than one APK file. Typically you will see (the common code), (config for the CPU architecture), (config for the screen resolution) and typically a split for the language and maybe some dynamic features.

You need copy all the APK files - either in separate commands or pull the whole app directory.

Decoding the APK 🔗

The next step is to unzip and decompile the APK. Apktool does this for us.

$ # Decode the pulled APK into a directory named base: $ apktool decode base.apk $ # d works as an alias for decode: $ apktool d base.apk
Note on App Bundles / multi-APK 🔗

If you are interested in the core code and not the resource files you only have to consider the files and not the rest. But note that you need to either decompile and compile them (or at least unzip them and remove the folder before zipping again) if you need to resign the app as shown in a later step.

Altering the app 🔗

This is where the hard work starts. The code files are now fully readable, but the code is now in the smali format. You can think of smali as a sort of assembly language.

As an example we'll first change the language string app_name to Hacker Tools.

$ # Edit the main language file: $ vi base/res/values/strings.xml

Then we'll change some hard coded text so that we have changed both resources and actual code.

$ # Search for file we want to change: $ grep -nr 'originally' base/smali base/smali/com/roysolberg/android/developertools/ui/activity/MainActivity.smali:651: const-string v4, "This app was originally just created for myself to make some development tasks a bit easier. I've released it to Play Store hoping that someone else might find it useful.\n\nIf you want to get in touch me, please send me a mail at [email protected]\n\nPlease note that I take no credit for the third party apps." $ # Edit the smali file and change the string value: $ vi base/smali/com/roysolberg/android/developertools/ui/activity/MainActivity.smali
Reading Java instead of smali 🔗

There's a way out if you rather want to read Java instead of smali. The excellent tool jadx provides both a command-line and GUI tool for converting dex to Java.

You can open the APK files directly in the the program and have all the code decompiled and converted. Reading Java is after all easier than reading the smali format. Just note that you cannot simply change the Java code and recompile it with jadx. You can always try to get a project up and running in Android Studio, but it will typically take some major effort as jadx seldom can fully decompile everything 100%.

Getting the app back together 🔗

There are quite a few steps getting everything together. We need to rebuild the app, sign it, zipalign it, and then install it. If the properly signed app is still installed it needs to first be uninstalled as our signature violates the existing one.

The command-line tool zipalign is needed to align the contents of the APK for Android to be able to run it. You can find the tool in the Android's installation folder build-tools/<some version number>.

 $ # First build a new APK with the changes: $ apktool build base -o base.unaligned.apk $ # Sign the app using the Android debug certificate generated from Android Studio installation: $ jarsigner -verbose -sigalg MD5withRSA -digestalg SHA1 -keystore ~/.android/debug.keystore -storepass android base.unaligned.apk androiddebugkey $ # Align APK: $ zipalign -v 4 base.unaligned.apk base.aligned.apk $ # If original app (with different signature) is installed it must be uninstalled. $ # Please note that you will lose any app data you have. $ adb uninstall com.roysolberg.android.developertools Success $ # Final step is to install the newly altered app (-r for reinstall (keeping the app's data)): $ adb install -r base.aligned.apk Success $ # To keep an eye on the log and what's going on you can use logcat: $ adb logcat

That's it! :-)

Note on App Bundles / multi-APK 🔗

If you have multiple APK files and you just signed the altered APK file with a new certificate you will need to sign every single APK file with and then them.

Installing them will need the option and all APK files as arguments:

adb install-multiple -r base.aligned.apk split_config.xxxhdpi.aligned.apk apk3.aligned.apk apk4.aligned.apk

A few addtional tips 🔗

Reading smali 🔗

It might take a little bit of getting used to, but reading smali isn't all too bad. If you have any concrete problems you'll find the answer with some googling. But a good tip is to create some small very simple Java classes yourself and check out what they look like in the smali format.

If you are having trouble navigating the smali code and understand the flow of an app you can use the following smali code. It will call Thread.dumpStack() which logs the current thread's call stack.

invoke-static {}, Ljava/lang/Thread;->dumpStack()V

If you need to know the value of a string - e.g. a parameter - you can use Log.d(String tag, String message) to log it to the system log.

const-string/jumbo v0, "YourTag" invoke-static {v0, p1}, Landroid/util/Log;->d(Ljava/lang/String;Ljava/lang/String;)I
Proguard 🔗

Very often - but not in the case of my Developer Tools app - the code will be shrinked and obfuscated using ProGuard. This makes the code a lot harder do read and understand. There aren't really any good ways around it, but doing the thread dump trick and taking your time to follow the code will eventually get you where you want to be.

Wrapping it up 🔗

The regular Developer Tools app on the left and the cracked one on the right.If you have followed along the guide you would see the app change from the version on the left to something like the one on the right. One of the reasons I wrote this guide was for my own sake to have something to easily copy and paste from when doing some reverse engineering myself, but I thought this might be useful one for others as well. :)

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Software cracking

Modification of software, often to use it for free

Software cracking (known as "breaking" mostly in the 1980s[1]) is the modification of software to remove or disable features which are considered undesirable by the person cracking the software, especially copy protection features (including protection against the manipulation of software, serial number, hardware key, date checks and disc check) or software annoyances like nag screens and adware.

A crack refers to the means of achieving, for example a stolen serial number or a tool that performs that act of cracking.[2] Some of these tools are called keygen, patch, or loader. A keygen is a handmade product serial number generator that often offers the ability to generate working serial numbers in your own name. A patch is a small computer program that modifies the machine code of another program. This has the advantage for a cracker to not include a large executable in a release when only a few bytes are changed.[3] A loader modifies the startup flow of a program and does not remove the protection but circumvents it.[4][5] A well-known example of a loader is a trainer used to cheat in games.[6]Fairlight pointed out in one of their .nfo files that these type of cracks are not allowed for warez scene game releases.[7][4][8] A nukewar has shown that the protection may not kick in at any point for it to be a valid crack.[9]

The distribution of cracked copies is illegal in most countries. There have been lawsuits over cracking software.[10] It might be legal to use cracked software in certain circumstances.[11] Educational resources for reverse engineering and software cracking are, however, legal and available in the form of Crackme programs.

History[edit]

The first software copy protection was applied to software for the Apple II,[12]Atari 8-bit family, and Commodore 64 computers.[citation needed]. Software publishers have implemented increasingly complex methods in an effort to stop unauthorized copying of software.

On the Apple II, the operating system directly controls the step motor that moves the floppy drive head, and also directly interprets the raw data, called nibbles, read from each track to identify the data sectors. This allowed complex disk-based software copy protection, by storing data on half tracks (0, 1, 2.5, 3.5, 5, 6...), quarter tracks (0, 1, 2.25, 3.75, 5, 6...), and any combination thereof. In addition, tracks did not need to be perfect rings, but could be sectioned so that sectors could be staggered across overlapping offset tracks, the most extreme version being known as spiral tracking. It was also discovered that many floppy drives did not have a fixed upper limit to head movement, and it was sometimes possible to write an additional 36th track above the normal 35 tracks. The standard Apple II copy programs could not read such protected floppy disks, since the standard DOS assumed that all disks had a uniform 35-track, 13- or 16-sector layout. Special nibble-copy programs such as Locksmith and Copy II Plus could sometimes duplicate these disks by using a reference library of known protection methods; when protected programs were cracked they would be completely stripped of the copy protection system, and transferred onto a standard format disk that any normal Apple II copy program could read.

One of the primary routes to hacking these early copy protections was to run a program that simulates the normal CPU operation. The CPU simulator provides a number of extra features to the hacker, such as the ability to single-step through each processor instruction and to examine the CPU registers and modified memory spaces as the simulation runs (any modern disassembler/debugger can do this). The Apple II provided a built-in opcode disassembler, allowing raw memory to be decoded into CPU opcodes, and this would be utilized to examine what the copy-protection was about to do next. Generally there was little to no defense available to the copy protection system, since all its secrets are made visible through the simulation. However, because the simulation itself must run on the original CPU, in addition to the software being hacked, the simulation would often run extremely slowly even at maximum speed.

On Atari 8-bit computers, the most common protection method was via "bad sectors". These were sectors on the disk that were intentionally unreadable by the disk drive. The software would look for these sectors when the program was loading and would stop loading if an error code was not returned when accessing these sectors. Special copy programs were available that would copy the disk and remember any bad sectors. The user could then use an application to spin the drive by constantly reading a single sector and display the drive RPM. With the disk drive top removed a small screwdriver could be used to slow the drive RPM below a certain point. Once the drive was slowed down the application could then go and write "bad sectors" where needed. When done the drive RPM was sped up back to normal and an uncracked copy was made. Of course cracking the software to expect good sectors made for readily copied disks without the need to meddle with the disk drive. As time went on more sophisticated methods were developed, but almost all involved some form of malformed disk data, such as a sector that might return different data on separate accesses due to bad data alignment. Products became available (from companies such as Happy Computers) which replaced the controller BIOS in Atari's "smart" drives. These upgraded drives allowed the user to make exact copies of the original program with copy protections in place on the new disk.

On the Commodore 64, several methods were used to protect software. For software distributed on ROM cartridges, subroutines were included which attempted to write over the program code. If the software was on ROM, nothing would happen, but if the software had been moved to RAM, the software would be disabled. Because of the operation of Commodore floppy drives, one write protection scheme would cause the floppy drive head to bang against the end of its rail, which could cause the drive head to become misaligned. In some cases, cracked versions of software were desirable to avoid this result. A misaligned drive head was rare usually fixing itself by smashing against the rail stops. Another brutal protection scheme was grinding from track 1 to 40 and back a few times.

Most of the early software crackers were computer hobbyists who often formed groups that competed against each other in the cracking and spreading of software. Breaking a new copy protection scheme as quickly as possible was often regarded as an opportunity to demonstrate one's technical superiority rather than a possibility of money-making. Some low skilled hobbyists would take already cracked software and edit various unencrypted strings of text in it to change messages a game would tell a game player, often something considered vulgar. Uploading the altered copies on file sharing networks provided a source of laughs for adult users. The cracker groups of the 1980s started to advertise themselves and their skills by attaching animated screens known as crack intros in the software programs they cracked and released. Once the technical competition had expanded from the challenges of cracking to the challenges of creating visually stunning intros, the foundations for a new subculture known as demoscene were established. Demoscene started to separate itself from the illegal "warez scene" during the 1990s and is now regarded as a completely different subculture. Many software crackers have later grown into extremely capable software reverse engineers; the deep knowledge of assembly required in order to crack protections enables them to reverse engineerdrivers in order to port them from binary-only drivers for Windows to drivers with source code for Linux and other free operating systems. Also because music and game intro was such an integral part of gaming the music format and graphics became very popular when hardware became affordable for the home user.

With the rise of the Internet, software crackers developed secretive online organizations. In the latter half of the nineties, one of the most respected sources of information about "software protection reversing" was Fravia's website.

+HCU[edit]

The High Cracking University (+HCU) was founded by Old Red Cracker (+ORC), considered a genius of reverse engineering and a legendary figure in RCE, to advance research into Reverse Code Engineering (RCE). He had also taught and authored many papers on the subject, and his texts are considered classics in the field and are mandatory reading for students of RCE.[13]

The addition of the "+" sign in front of the nickname of a reverser signified membership in the +HCU. Amongst the students of +HCU were the top of the elite Windows reversers worldwide.[13] +HCU published a new reverse engineering problem annually and a small number of respondents with the best replies qualified for an undergraduate position at the university.[13]

+Fravia was a professor at +HCU. Fravia's website was known as "+Fravia's Pages of Reverse Engineering" and he used it to challenge programmers as well as the wider society to "reverse engineer" the "brainwashing of a corrupt and rampant materialism". In its heyday, his website received millions of visitors per year and its influence was "widespread".[13]

Nowadays most of the graduates of +HCU have migrated to Linux and few have remained as Windows reversers. The information at the university has been rediscovered by a new generation of researchers and practitioners of RCE who have started new research projects in the field.[13]

Methods[edit]

The most common software crack is the modification of an application's binary to cause or prevent a specific key branch in the program's execution. This is accomplished by reverse engineering the compiled program code using a debugger such as SoftICE,[14]x64dbg, OllyDbg,[15]GDB, or MacsBug until the software cracker reaches the subroutine that contains the primary method of protecting the software (or by disassembling an executable file with a program such as IDA). The binary is then modified using the debugger or a hex editor or monitor in a manner that replaces a prior branching opcode with its complement or a NOPopcode so the key branch will either always execute a specific subroutine or skip over it. Almost all common software cracks are a variation of this type. Proprietary software developers are constantly developing techniques such as code obfuscation, encryption, and self-modifying code to make this modification increasingly difficult. Even with these measures being taken, developers struggle to combat software cracking. This is because it is very common for a professional to publicly release a simple cracked EXE or Retrium Installer for public download, eliminating the need for inexperienced users to crack the software themselves.

A specific example of this technique is a crack that removes the expiration period from a time-limited trial of an application. These cracks are usually programs that alter the program executable and sometimes the .dll or .so linked to the application. Similar cracks are available for software that requires a hardware dongle. A company can also break the copy protection of programs that they have legally purchased but that are licensed to particular hardware, so that there is no risk of downtime due to hardware failure (and, of course, no need to restrict oneself to running the software on bought hardware only).

Another method is the use of special software such as CloneCD to scan for the use of a commercial copy protection application. After discovering the software used to protect the application, another tool may be used to remove the copy protection from the software on the CD or DVD. This may enable another program such as Alcohol 120%, CloneDVD, Game Jackal, or Daemon Tools to copy the protected software to a user's hard disk. Popular commercial copy protection applications which may be scanned for include SafeDisc and StarForce.[16]

In other cases, it might be possible to decompile a program in order to get access to the original source code or code on a level higher than machine code. This is often possible with scripting languages and languages utilizing JIT compilation. An example is cracking (or debugging) on the .NET platform where one might consider manipulating CIL to achieve one's needs. Java'sbytecode also works in a similar fashion in which there is an intermediate language before the program is compiled to run on the platform dependent machine code.

Advanced reverse engineering for protections such as SecuROM, SafeDisc, StarForce, or Denuvo requires a cracker, or many crackers to spend much more time studying the protection, eventually finding every flaw within the protection code, and then coding their own tools to "unwrap" the protection automatically from executable (.EXE) and library (.DLL) files.

There are a number of sites on the Internet that let users download cracks produced by warez groups for popular games and applications (although at the danger of acquiring malicious software that is sometimes distributed via such sites).[17] Although these cracks are used by legal buyers of software, they can also be used by people who have downloaded or otherwise obtained unauthorized copies (often through P2P networks).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^Kevelson, Morton (October 1985). "Isepic". Ahoy!. pp. 71–73. Retrieved June 27, 2014.
  2. ^Tulloch, Mitch (2003). Microsoft Encyclopedia of Security(PDF). Redmond, Washington: Microsoft Press. p. 68. ISBN .
  3. ^Craig, Paul; Ron, Mark (April 2005). "Chapter 4: Crackers". In Burnett, Mark (ed.). Software Piracy Exposed - Secrets from the Dark Side Revealed. Publisher: Andrew Williams, Page Layout and Art: Patricia Lupien, Acquisitions Editor: Jaime Quigley, Copy Editor: Judy Eby, Technical Editor: Mark Burnett, Indexer: Nara Wood, Cover Designer: Michael Kavish. United States of America: Syngress Publishing. pp. 75–76. doi:10.1016/B978-193226698-6/50029-5. ISBN .
  4. ^ abFLT (January 22, 2013). "The_Sims_3_70s_80s_and_90s_Stuff-FLT".
  5. ^Shub-Nigurrath [ARTeam]; ThunderPwr [ARTeam] (January 2006). "Cracking with Loaders: Theory, General Approach, and a Framework". CodeBreakers Magazine. Universitas-Virtualis Research Project. 1 (1).
  6. ^Nigurrath, Shub (May 2006). "Guide on how to play with processes memory, writing loaders, and Oraculumns". CodeBreakers Magazine. Universitas-Virtualis Research Project. 1 (2).
  7. ^FLT (September 29, 2013). "Test_Drive_Ferrari_Legends_PROPER-FLT".
  8. ^SKIDROW (January 21, 2013). "Test.Drive.Ferrari.Racing.Legends.Read.Nfo-SKIDROW".
  9. ^"Batman.Arkham.City-FiGHTCLUB nukewar". December 2, 2011. Archived from the original on September 13, 2014.
  10. ^Cheng, Jacqui (September 27, 2006). "Microsoft files lawsuit over DRM crack". Ars Technica.
  11. ^Fravia (November 1998). "Is reverse engineering legal?".
  12. ^Pearson, Jordan (July 24, 2017). "Programmers Are Racing to Save Apple II Software Before It Goes Extinct". Motherboard. Archived from the original on September 27, 2017. Retrieved January 27, 2018.
  13. ^ abcdeCyrus Peikari; Anton Chuvakin (January 12, 2004). Security Warrior. "O'Reilly Media, Inc.". p. 31. ISBN .
  14. ^Ankit, Jain; Jason, Kuo; Jordan, Soet; Brian, Tse (April 2007). "Software Cracking (April 2007)"(PDF). The University of British Columbia - Electrical and Computer Engineering. Retrieved January 27, 2018.
  15. ^Wójcik, Bartosz. "Reverse engineering tools review". pelock.com. PELock. Archived from the original on September 13, 2017. Retrieved February 16, 2018.
  16. ^Gamecopyworld Howto
  17. ^McCandless, David (April 1, 1997). "Warez Wars". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028. Retrieved February 4, 2020.
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