VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen

VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen

The text file can be removed only if it doesn't contain a serial number or in a number of antivirus, at places like VirusTotal and in your web browser. VERSION 2.7 | DECEMBER 2017. Rationale & Controls. 14.1.6. Developing hardened SOEs. 14.1.6.R.01. Rationale. Antivirus and anti-malware software. How to install Cinch Audio Recorder Crack? Disable any antivirus software installed on your computer to avoid errors in the process. Safely.

VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen - consider, that

This is a listing of all casks available from the cask tap via the Homebrew package manager for macOS.

0-ad0 A.D.0.0.25b-alpha010-editor010 Editor12.0.1115browser115Browser24.5.0.11clipboard1Clipboard0.1.81password1Password7.9.11password-cli1Password CLI1.12.3360safe360 Total Security1.2.63dgenceslicer3DGence Slicer3.0.0,4.04k-slideshow-maker4K Slideshow Maker2.0.14k-stogram4K Stogram3.4.34k-video-downloader4K Video Downloader4.18.54k-video-to-mp34K Video to MP33.0.14k-youtube-to-mp34K YouTube to MP34.3.54peaks4Peaks1.85kplayer5KPlayer6.9.0,5000777777771.1.38bitdo-ultimate-software8BitDo Ultimate Software2.0.48x8-meet8x8 Meet0.3.8.18x8-work8x8_work7.13.2-2a-better-finder-attributesA Better Finder Attributes7.17a-better-finder-renameA Better Finder Rename11.39a-slower-speed-of-lightA Slower Speed of Light2020ableton-live-introAbleton Live Intro11.0.12ableton-live-liteAbleton Live Lite11.0.12ableton-live-standardAbleton Live Standard11.0.12ableton-live-suiteAbleton Live Suite11.0.12abricotineabricotine0.7.0abscissaAbscissa4.0.5abstractAbstract98.0.5abyssoft-teleportteleport1.3.3accessmenubarappsAccessMenuBarApps2.6.1,15accordanceAccordance Bible Software13.3.2accuricsAccurics CLI1.0.27ace-linkAce Link1.9.0acornAcorn7.1.1,15968acousticbrainz-guiAcousticBrainz0.1acquia-devAcquia Dev Desktop2.2021.01.14acronis-true-imageAcronis True Image2021acslogoACSLogo1.6.0.2activedockActiveDock2.99,2199activitywatchActivityWatch0.11.0actualActual0.0.144actual-odbc-packActual ODBC Driver PacklatestadapterAdapter2.1.6adguardAdguard2.6.1.1051adguard-vpnAdguard VPN1.1.0.167adiumAdium1.5.10.4adobe-acrobat-proAdobe Acrobat Pro DC21.007.20099adobe-acrobat-readerAdobe Acrobat Reader DC21.007.20099adobe-airAdobe AIR33.1.1.674adobe-connectAdobe Connect11,2021.9.28adobe-creative-cloudAdobe Creative Cloud5.6.0.788adobe-creative-cloud-cleaner-toolAdobe Creative Cloud Cleaner Tool4.3.0.190adobe-digital-editionsAdobe Digital Editions4.5.11adobe-dng-converterAdobe DNG Converter14.0adoptopenjdkAdoptOpenJDK Java Development Kit16.0.1,9adriveAliyundrivelatestadvancedrestclientAdvanced REST Client16.0.1aegisubAegisub3.2.2aerialAerial Screensaver2.3.3aetherAether2.0.0-dev.15,201126224...aexol-remote-mouseAexol Remote Mouse1.3,5affinity-designerAffinity Designer1.10.4affinity-photoAffinity Photo1.10.4affinity-publisherAffinity Publisher1.10.4after-dark-classicAfter Dark Classic Set1.0agendaAgenda13.1.1,195aimersoft-video-converter-ultimateAimersoft Video Converter Ultimate11.6.6.1aio-creator-neoAIO CREATOR NEO2.10.2air-connectAir Connect2.0.1,26526air-video-server-hdAir Video Server HD2.3.0-beta1u1,202.0902airbuddyAirBuddy2.4.5,344aircallAircall2.18.2airdisplayAir Display3.4.2,26581airdroidAirDroid3.7.0.0airflowAirflow3.3.1airfoilAirfoil5.10.5airmediaCrestron AirMedia4.1.2airparrotAirParrot3.1.2airpassAirpass1.0.1airqmonAirqmon2.1.0airserverAirServer7.2.7airtableAirtable1.4.5airtameAirtame4.3.0airtoolAirtool2.3.2,10airtrashairtrash1.0.0airunlockAirUnlock0.4airyAiry3.24,336aja-system-testAJA System Test2.1.0ajourAjour1.3.2alacrittyAlacritty0.9.0aladinAladin Desktop11.024alchemyAlchemy008aldenteAlDente1.09aleo-studioAleo Studio0.14.0aleph-oneAleph One20210408alfaviewAlfaview8.31.0alfredAlfred4.6,1266algodooAlgodoo2.1.3alinof-timerAlinof Timer4.0.0alipay-development-assistantAlipay Development Assistant1.0.7aliworkbenchAliWorkBench9.04.02,LqEYADnbwALXMQ...all-in-one-messengerAll-in-One Messenger2.5.0alloyAlloy6.0.0almightyalmighty2.2.1,32alt-cAlt-C1.0.7alt-tabalt-tab6.28.0altair-graphql-clientAltair GraphQL Client4.1.0altdeployAltDeploy1.1alternoteAlternote1.0.18,1018altserverAltServer1.4.7,59alvaAlva0.9.1amadeus-proAmadeus Pro2.8.8amadineAmadine1.2.5,149amazon-chimeAmazon Chime4.39.8605amazon-musicAmazon Music8.8.1.2303,23031025_a0...amazon-photosAmazon Drivelatestamazon-workdocsAmazon WorkDocs1.2.200340.0,99amazon-workdocs-driveAmazon WorkDocs Drivelatestamazon-workspacesAmazon Workspaces4.0.4.2126amd-power-gadgetAMD Power Gadget0.7amethystAmethyst0.15.5amitv87-pipPiP1.40ammAMM0.4.5ammoniteAmmonite1.22.2,532amorphousdiskmarkAmorphousDiskMark1.2.3,9amppsAMPPS3.9anacondaContinuum Analytics Anaconda2021.11ananas-analytics-desktop-editionAnanas Analytics Desktop Edition0.9.0android-commandlinetoolsAndroid SDK Command-line Tools7583922android-file-transferAndroid File Transfer5071136android-messagesAndroid Messages Desktop3.1.0android-ndkAndroid NDK22bandroid-platform-toolsAndroid SDK Platform-Tools31.0.3,e8b2b4cbe47c728...android-sdkandroid-sdk4333796android-studioAndroid Studio2020.3.1.25androidtoolAndroidTool1.66angbandAngband4.2.3angry-ip-scannerAngry IP Scanner3.7.6anka-build-cloud-controller-and-registryAnka Build Cloud Controller & Registry1.20.0,035872f5anka-build-cloud-registryAnka Build Cloud Registry1.20.0,c83f487danka-virtualizationAnka Virtualization2.5.3.135ankamaAnkama Launcher3.5.5.13025ankiAnki2.1.49ankiapp-ankiAnkiApp3.2.2anonymAnonym2.3anonymousvpnAnonymous VPN2.0.1.14another-redis-desktop-managerAnother Redis Desktop Manager1.4.9ansible-dkAnsible DK1.2.0,3antconcAntConc3.5.9anybarAnyBar0.2.3anydeskAnyDesk6.3.3anydoAny.do4.2.158anylistAnyList1.1,2aoAo6.9.0apache-couchdbApache CouchDB3.2.0apache-directory-studioApache Directory Studio2.0.0.v20210717-M17apk-icon-editorAPK Icon Editor2.2.0app-cleanerNektony App Cleaner & Uninstaller7.4.4,840app-tamerAppTamer2.6.4,10674apparencyApparency1.3,130appcleanerFreeMacSoft AppCleaner3.6.0,4070appcodeAppCode2021.2.4,212.5457.65appdeleteAppDelete4.3.3appgate-sdp-clientAppGate SDP Client for macOS5.5.0appgridAppGrid1.0.4appiumAppium Server Desktop GUI1.22.0apple-eventsApple Events1.6apple-juiceApple Juice2020.12.0applepi-bakerApplePi-Baker2.2.3apppoliceAppPolice1.1appstore-quickviewApp...Store Quickview1.1.1apptivateApptivate2.2.1,15apptrapAppTrap1.2.3appzapperAppZapper2.0.3aptanastudioAptana Studio3.7.2.201807301111aptibleAptible Toolbelt0.19.1,20210802230457,251aqua-data-studioAquafold Aqua Data Studio22.0.1aquamacsAquamacs3.5aquaskkAquaSKK4.7.3aquatermAquaTerm1.1.1araxis-mergeAraxis Merge2021.5644archipelagoArchipelago3.16.1archiverArchiver4.0.0arduinoArduino1.8.16aria-maestosaAria Maestosa1.4.13aria2dAria2D1.3.6,509aria2guiAria2GUI1.4.1ariangAriaNg Native1.2.3ark-desktop-walletArk Desktop Wallet2.9.5arkiwiArKiwi4.1.5,4015armoryArmory0.96.5aroundAround0.56.12arqArq7.10arq-cloud-backupArq Cloud Backup1.5arrsyncarRsync0.4.1art-directors-toolkitArt Directors Toolkit5.5.1artisanArtisan2.4.6artpipArtpip2.7.1asanaAsana1.4.2asc-timetablesaSc TimeTables2020.7.1ascensionAscension3.0.0asciidocfxAsciidocFX1.7.4asset-catalog-tinkererAsset Catalog Tinkerer2.5.1assinador-serproassinador-serpro2.7.1astah-professionalChange Vision Astah Professional8.4.1,827bdfastah-umlChange Vision Astah UML8.4.1,827bdfastro-command-centerASTRO Command CenterlatestastropadAstropad3.7.0,3219astropad-studioAstropad Studio3.7.0,3219atemoscatemOSC4.2.0atextaText2.40,117atlantisAtlantis0.9.9.7atlauncherATLauncher3.4.9.1atokATOK2021,32.1.0:try3atomGithub Atom1.58.0atomic-walletAtomic Wallet2.34.0au-labAU Lab2.3audacityAudacity3.1.2audio-hijackAudio Hijack3.8.8audiobook-builderAudiobook Builder2.1.4audiogridder-pluginAudioGridder Plugin1.1.1audiogridder-serverAudioGridder Server1.1.1audioscrobblerAudioscrobbler0.9.15audioslicerAudioSlicer1.1.1audirvanaAudirvana3.5.50,3580audiusAudius0.24.32augurAugur1.16.11auralAural Player3.3.1aurora-hdrAurora HDR1.0.1,6438auryoAuryo2.5.4authyAuthy Desktop1.9.0autodesk-fusion360Autodesk Fusion 360latestautodmgAutoDMG1.9autofirmaAutoFirma1.6.5automuteAutoMute1.1autopkgrAutoPkgr1.5.7autovolumeAutoVolume1.0.1autumnAutumn1.0.7avast-secure-browserAvast Secure Browser95.0.1324.70avast-secureline-vpnAvast SecureLine VPN2.1.4avast-securityAvast Security4.0,2.0avg-antivirusAVG Antivirus for Mac4.0,2.0aviatrix-vpn-clientAviatrix VPN Client2.14.14avibrazil-rdmRDM2.2avidcodecsleAvid Codecs LE2.7.6,3B39AE16avidemuxAvidemux2.7.8avira-antivirusAvira AntiviruslatestavitoolsAVItools3.7.2avocodeAvocode4.15.4avogadroAvogadro1.95.1avtouchbarAVTouchBar3.0.7,2021.08awaAWA1.5.7awareAware1.0.6awarenessAwareness1.1awips-pythonAWIPS Pythonlatestaws-vaultaws-vault6.3.1aws-vpn-clientAWS Client VPN1.4.0axure-rpAxure RP10.0.0.3851azirevpnAzireVPN0.5azure-data-studioAzure Data Studio1.33.1babeleditBabelEdit2.9.2back-in-timeBack-In-Time5.1.8backblazeBackblaze8.0.1.568backblaze-downloaderBackblaze Downloader7.0.2.474background-musicBackground Music0.3.2backlogBacklog1.8.0backuploupeBackupLoupe3.5.2,2278badlion-clientBadlion Client3.5.5baiduinputBaidu InputlatestbaidunetdiskBaidu NetDisk4.2.4balance-lockBalance Lock1.1,568balenaetcherEtcher1.7.0ballastballast1.2.1balsamiq-wireframesBalsamiq Wireframes4.3.3bandageBandage0.8.1bankidBankID7.11.0banking-4Banking 47.6.2,7777banksiaguiBanksiaGui0.53banktivityBanktivity8.5.4bansheeBanshee2.6.1baretorrentbaretorrent0.4.4baritoneBaritone1.0.9barrierBarrier2.4.0bartenderBartender3.1.25,31125baseMenial Base2.5.2,20502basecampBasecamp3basictexBasicTeX2021.0325batchmodBatChmod1.7b5,175bathyscapheBathyScaphe3.1.0,1089batteriesBatteries2.1.9battery-buddyBattery Buddy1.0.3,11battery-reportBattery Report1.2.0battle-netBlizzard Battle.netlatestbattlescribeBattleScribe2.03.21baudlinebaudline1.08bbc-iplayer-downloadsBBC iPlayer Downloads2.13.5bbeditBBEdit14.0.2bdashBdash1.11.1bdinfoBDInfo1.0beacon-scannerBeaconScanner1.1.13beaker-browserBeaker Browser1.1.0beamerBeamer3.5,35001beanBean3.4.5beardedspiceBeardedSpice2.2.3beatunesbeaTunes5.2.24beeBee3.1.5,5468beekeeper-studioBeekeeper Studio2.1.5beeperBeeper2.10.3beersmithBeerSmith3.2.7berrycastBerrycast0.34.12bespokeBespoke Synth1.1.0bestresBestRes1.0,100:1426778671betaflight-configuratorBetaflight-Configurator10.7.1betelgueseBetelguese1.1better-window-managerBetter Window Manager1.14,15betterdiscord-installerbetterdiscord1.1.1betterdummybetterdummy1.0.10bettertouchtoolBetterTouchTool3.624,1774betterzipBetterZip5.1.1betweenBetween1.0.8betwixtBetwixt1.6.1beyond-compareBeyond Compare4.4.0.25886bfxrBfxr1.5.1bibdeskBibDesk1.8.7,5747big-mean-folder-machineBig Mean Folder Machine2.43biglybtbiglybt2.8.0.0bilibiliBilibili2.56biliminibilimini1.5.6billings-proBillings Pro1.7.18,37803binanceBinance1.26.1binary-ninjaBinary Ninja2.2.2487bingpaperBingPaper0.11.1,46binoBino1.6.6biopassfidoBioPass FIDO2 Manager2.1.0birdfontBirdFont4.20.0biscuitBiscuit1.2.24bisqBisq1.7.5bit-fiddleBit Fiddle1.4.2bit-slicerBit Slicer1.7.11bitbarBitBar1.10.1bitcoin-coreBitcoin Core22.0bitmessageBitmessage0.6.3.2bitrix24Bitrix2411.1.41.57bitsharesBitShares5.0.210216bitwardenBitwarden1.29.1bitwig-studioBitwig Studio4.0.7black-inkBlack Ink2.1.9,2788blackhole-16chBlackHole 16ch0.2.10blackhole-2chBlackHole 2ch0.2.10blackhole-64chBlackHole 64ch0.2.10blenderBlender2.93.6blender-benchmarkBlender Open Data Benchmark2.0.4bleunlockBLEUnlock1.11blheli-configuratorBLHeli Configurator1.2.0blink1controlBlink1Control2.2.5bliskBlisk Browser16.1.94.111blitzBlitz1.16.2blobby-volley2Blobby Volley 21.0blobsaverblobsaver3.0.4blockbenchBlockbench4.0.4blockblockBlockBlock2.0.5blockstackBlockstack0.37.0blocsBlocs4.4.1,441bloodhoundbloodhound4.0.3bloomrpcBloomRPC1.5.3blu-ray-playerMacgo Mac Blu-ray Player3.3.21,211028_0110blu-ray-player-proMacgo Mac Blu-ray Player Pro3.3.21,211028_0110bluefishBluefish2.2.12bluegriffonBlueGriffon3.1blueharvestBlueHarvest8.0.10bluejBlueJ5.0.2bluejeansBlueJeans2.32.0.170bluesenseBlueSense1.3.1,1657bluesnoozeBluesnooze1.1bluestacksBlueStacks4.270.1.2803,c610c2d26...bluetilityBluetility1.3bluewalletBlueWallet6.2.12blurredBlurred1.2.0bobBob0.6.1boincBerkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing7.16.19bome-networkBome Network1.4bonitastudiocommunityBonita Studio Community Edition2021.2-u0bonjeffBonjeff2.0.0bonjour-browserBonjour Browser1.5.6bookendsBookends14.0.2bookmacsterBookMacster2.12boomBoom1.7.1,101.7.1039boom-3dBoom 3D1.3.12,101.3.12012boopBoop1.4.0boost-noteBoostnote.Next0.22.0boostnoteBoostnote0.16.1bootchampBootChamp1.7bootstrap-studioBootstrap Studio5.8.5bootxchangerBootXChanger2.0bossabossa1.9.1bot-framework-emulatorMicrosoft Bot Framework Emulator4.14.1bowtieBowtie1.5,1500box-driveBox Drive2.19.294box-notesBox Notes1.4.0box-syncBox Sync4.0.8009box-toolsBox ToolslatestboxcryptorBoxcryptor2.42.1436boxerBoxer1.4.0boxofsnoo-fairmountFairmount1.1.3boxy-suiteBoxy SuitelatestbracketsBrackets1.14.2brain-workshopBrain Workshop4.8.4brainfmBrain.fm0.1.5brave-browserBrave1.32.106.0,132.106breaktimerBreakTimer1.0.3breitbandmessungBreitbandmessung2.0.4brewletBrewlet1.5-universalbrewservicesmenubarBrew Services Menubar4.0brewtargetbrewtarget2.3.0briaBria6.5.1,108815bricklink-partdesignerPartDesigner1.0.6_5bricklink-studioStudio2.2.9_1bricksmithBricksmith3.0brightnessBrightness1.1.2brightness-syncBrightness Sync2.3.2briskBrisk1.2.0brisyncBrisync1.3.1brl-cad-mgedBRL-CAD7.24.0brookBrook20210701brooklynBrooklyn2.1.0browserosaurusBrowserosaurus15.3.9browserstacklocalBrowserStack Local Testing3.3.1btcpayserver-vaultBTCPayServer Vault2.0.1buboBubo1.0bucketsBuckets0.60.1bugdomBugdom1.3.1buildsettingextractorBuildSettingExtractor1.4.3bunchBunch1.4.5,124bunqcommunity-bunqbunqDesktop0.9.10burnBurn3.1.5burp-suiteBurp Suite Community Edition2021.10burp-suite-professionalBurp Suite Professional2021.10busycalBusyCal2021.4.2,2021-11-05-00-14busycontactsBusyContacts1.6.2,2021-11-05-00-56butlerButler4.4.4,5115buttBroadcast Using This Tool0.1.32butterButter0.3.0buttercupButtercup2.13.0bwanaBwana2.8.1bzflagBZFlag2.4.22c0re100-qbittorrentqBittorrent Enhanced Edition4.3.9.10cabalCabal6.0.8cacherCacher2.42.7caffeineCaffeine1.1.3cajviewerCAJViewer2.0,10cakebrewCakebrew1.3cakebrewjscakebrewjs1.0.0calcserviceCalcService3.5.1calendar-366Calendar 366 II2.11,3403calibrecalibre5.32.0calmly-writerCalmly Writer2.0.36camedCAM Editor3.2.2camera-liveCamera Live11camerabag-photoCameraBag2021.4.0camo-studioCamo Studio1.5.1,5687camtasiaCamtasia2021.0.6camunda-modelerCamunda Modeler4.11.1candybarCandyBar3.3.4cantataCantata2.3.2canvaCanva1.35.0caprineCaprine2.55.0captainCaptain9.0.0captinCaptin1.1.3,143:1619187317captionCaption2.0.1captoCapto1.2.24,1001.2.24005carbon-copy-clonerCarbon Copy Cloner6.0.5.7252cardhopCardhop2.0.7,1060caretCaret3.4.6cashnotifyCashNotify3.5.1castrcastr1.0.0catchCatch2.2catlightcatlight2.35.1cave-storyPixel Cave Story0.1.0,2ccleanerPiriform CCleaner1.18.30ccmenuCCMenu15.0cctalkCCtalk7.9.0.3cd-tocd to3.1celestiaCelestia1.6.2celestialteapot-runwayRunway2.0,2002celldesignerCellDesigner4.4.2cellprofilerCellProfiler4.2.1cemuCEmu1.3cerebroCerebro0.3.2cernboxCERNBox Client2.8.2.4410cevelopCevelop1.14.1-202002280945chaiChai3.2.0chalkChalk1.6.11chameleon-ssd-optimizerChameleon SSD optimizer0.9.9gcharlesCharles4.6.2charlessoft-timetrackerTimeTracker0.6.4chatmate-for-facebookChatMate for Facebook4.3.1,482:1537946763chatmate-for-whatsappChatMate for WhatsApp4.3.1,482:1537891987chatologyChatology1.2.5chatterinoChatterino2.3.4chattyChatty0.15chatworkChatWork2.6.3.964cheatsheetCheatSheet1.6checkra1ncheckra1n0.12.4cheetah3dCheetah3D7.5.1chef-workstationChef Workstation21.11.679chemdoodleChemDoodle11.7.0chessxChessX1.5.6chiaChia Blockchain1.2.11chiakiChiaki2.1.1chirpCHIRP20211105chocolatChocolat3.4choosyChoosy2.2.1chrome-devtoolsChrome DevTools1.1.0chrome-remote-desktop-hostChrome Remote Desktop89.0.4389.25chromedriverChromeDriver96.0.4664.45chromiumChromium939125chronicleChronicle9.8.1,8802chronoagentChronoAgent1.9.9chronosChronos Timetracker5.0.1chronosyncChronoSync4.9.13chronycontrolChronyControl1.4.4,275chrysalisChrysalis0.8.6cinc-workstationCinc Workstation21.11.679cinchCinch1.2.4,146cincoCinco2.0.1cinderCinder0.9.2cinderellaCinderella3.0b.2036cinebenchCinebenchR23,330542circuitjs1Falstad CircuitJS9.3.2cirrusCirrus1.12,2021.04cisco-jabberCisco Jabber20210902045804cisco-proximityCisco Proximitydesktop-3.1.0cisdem-data-recoveryCisdem Data Recovery6.4.0cisdem-document-readerCisdem Document Reader5.4.0cisdem-pdf-converter-ocrCisdem PDF Converter OCR7.5.0cisdem-pdfmanagerultimateCisdem PDFManagerUltimate3.2.0citraCitralatestcityofzion-neonNeon Wallet2.10.0ckanComprehensive Kerbal Archive Network1.30.4ckb-nextckb-next0.4.4clamxavClamXAV3.3,8974clash-for-windowsClash for Windows0.18.9clashxClashX1.72.0classicftpClassicFTP4.03classroom-assistantGitHub Classroom Assistant2.0.4classroom-mode-for-minecraftClassroom Mode for Minecraft1.81clayclay1.6.6clean-meClean-me1.4.2cleanappSynium Software CleanApp5.1.3cleanmymacCleanMyMac X4.9.2,40902.0.2111031749cleanshotCleanShot3.9.4cleartextCleartext2.45clementineClementine1.3.1clickchartsClickCharts5.80clicker-for-netflixClicker for Netflix2.12.0clicker-for-youtubeClicker for YouTube1.19,52clickupClickUp3.0.3clionCLion2021.2.3,212.5457.51clip-studio-paintClip Studio Paint1.11.4clipgrabClipGrab3.9.7clipyClipy1.2.1clixCLIX2.4.0.0cljstylecljstyle0.15.0clockClock1.1clock-barClock Bar1.0,1801968clock-signalClock Signal2021-08-09clockerClocker21.08.01clockifyClockify2.7.9,343clocksaverClock.saver screensaver0.7.0clone-heroClone Hero0.23.2.2clonkClonk Rage1.0cloud-pbxCloud 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Screensaver0.0.5grideaGridea0.9.2gridsGrids7.0.16grisbiGrisbi2.0.5growlnotifyGrowlNotify2.1gswitchgSwitch1.9.7gtkwaveGTKWave3.3.107guijsguijs0.1.19guild-wars2Guild Wars 21.0guildedGuilded1.0.9115342guitar-proGuitar Pro7.5gulpgulp-app0.1.0guppyGuppy0.3.0gureumkim구름 입력기1.11.1gyazmailGyazMail1.6.5gyazoNota Gyazo GIF3.9.0gzdoomGZDoom4.7.1ha-menuHA Menu2.5.1hacker-menuHacker Menu1.1.5hackintoolHackintool3.6.7hackmdHackMD0.1.0hakunekoHakuNeko6.1.7hammerspoonHammerspoon0.9.91hancockHancock1.2.1hancom-wordHacom Word Processor 2014 VPlatesthandbrakeHandBrake1.4.2handbrakebatchHandBrakeBatch2.25handshakerHandShaker2.5.6,408happygrephappygrep1.0happymacHappyMac0.1.0haptic-touch-barHaptic Touch Bar2.4.0,1540815050haptickeyHapticKey0.7.0harborHarbor0.1.2harmonyHarmony0.9.1haroopadHaroopad0.13.2harvestHarvest2.2,203hashbackuphashbackup2552hazelHazel5.1hazeoverHazeOver1.8.9,1050:10.13hbuilderxHBuilderX3.2.12.20211029hdrmergeHDRMerge0.5.0headsetHeadset3.3.3heavenHeaven 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Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

WIDOWS START AND SEARCH FAIL FROM VIRUS

Scan result of Farbar Recovery Scan Tool (FRST) (x64) Version: 28-04-2021

Ran by Akintola (administrator) on AKINTOLA (HP HP Spectre x360 Convertible 13-w0XX) (29-04-2021 04:01:16)

Running from C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads

Loaded Profiles: Akintola

Platform: Windows 10 Home Version 20H2 19042.928 (X64) Language: English (United States)

Default browser: "C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Application\CCleanerBrowser.exe" --single-argument %1

Boot Mode: Normal

 

==================== Processes (Whitelisted) =================

 

(If an entry is included in the fixlist, the process will be closed. The file will not be moved.)

 

(Adobe Inc. -> Adobe Systems, Incorporated) C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Adobe\AdobeGCClient\AGMService.exe

(Adobe Inc. -> Adobe Systems, Incorporated) C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Adobe\AdobeGCClient\AGSService.exe

(Adobe Systems, Incorporated -> Adobe Systems Incorporated) C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Adobe\ARM\1.0\armsvc.exe

(Apple Inc. -> Apple Inc.) C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Apple\Internet Services\ApplePhotoStreams.exe

(Apple Inc. -> Apple Inc.) C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Apple\Internet Services\iCloudServices.exe

(Apple Inc. -> Apple Inc.) C:\Program Files\Bonjour\mDNSResponder.exe

(Apple Inc. -> Apple Inc.) C:\Program Files\Common Files\Apple\Mobile Device Support\AppleMobileDeviceService.exe

(Autodesk, Inc. -> Autodesk Inc.) C:\Program Files (x86)\Autodesk\Autodesk Desktop App\AdAppMgrSvc.exe

(Autodesk, Inc. -> Autodesk) C:\Program Files (x86)\Autodesk\Autodesk Desktop App\AcWebBrowser\AcWebBrowser.exe <3>

(Autodesk, Inc. -> Autodesk, Inc.) C:\Autodesk\Network License Manager\adskflex.exe

(Autodesk, Inc. -> Autodesk, Inc.) C:\Program Files (x86)\Autodesk\Autodesk Desktop App\AutodeskDesktopApp.exe

(Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender) C:\Program Files\Bitdefender Agent\DiscoverySrv.exe

(Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender) C:\Program Files\Bitdefender Agent\ProductAgentService.exe

(Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender) C:\Program Files\Bitdefender Antivirus Free\bdagent.exe

(Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender) C:\Program Files\Bitdefender Antivirus Free\bdredline.exe

(Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender) C:\Program Files\Bitdefender Antivirus Free\updatesrv.exe

(Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender) C:\Program Files\Bitdefender Antivirus Free\vsserv.exe

(Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender) C:\Program Files\Bitdefender Antivirus Free\vsservppl.exe

(Dassault Systèmes SolidWorks Corporation) [File not signed] C:\DS.SolidWorks.2019.SP5.0.Premium\DS.SolidWorks.2019.SP5.0.Premium\_SolidSQUAD_\SolidWorks_Flexnet_Server\sw_d.exe

(Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.) C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\Dropbox.exe <3>

(Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.) C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Update\DropboxUpdate.exe

(Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.) C:\Windows\System32\DbxSvc.exe

(Dropbox, Inc -> The Qt Company Ltd.) C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\120.4.4598\QtWebEngineProcess.exe <3>

(EVERNOTE CORPORATION -> Evernote Corp., 305 Walnut Street, Redwood City, CA 94063) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\Evernote\Evernote\EvernoteClipper.exe

(Flexera Software LLC -> Flexera Software LLC) C:\Autodesk\Network License Manager\lmgrd.exe <2>

(Flexera Software LLC -> Flexera Software LLC) C:\DS.SolidWorks.2019.SP5.0.Premium\DS.SolidWorks.2019.SP5.0.Premium\_SolidSQUAD_\SolidWorks_Flexnet_Server\lmgrd.exe <2>

(Flexera Software LLC -> Flexera Software LLC) C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Macrovision Shared\FlexNet Publisher\FNPLicensingService.exe

(Flexera Software LLC -> Flexera) C:\Program Files\Common Files\Macrovision Shared\FlexNet Publisher\FNPLicensingService64.exe

(Google LLC -> Google LLC) C:\Program Files (x86)\Google\Chrome\Application\chrome.exe <20>

(Google LLC -> Google) C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\SwReporter\90.260.200\software_reporter_tool.exe <4>

(Hewlett-Packard Company -> HP) C:\Program Files (x86)\HP\Shared\hpqwmiex.exe

(HP Inc. -> HP Inc.) C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Solutions\HPSupportSolutionsFrameworkService.exe

(HP Inc. -> HP Inc.) C:\Program Files (x86)\HP\HP JumpStart Bridge\HPJumpStartBridge.exe

(HP Inc. -> HP Inc.) C:\Program Files (x86)\HP\HP System Event\HPWMISVC.exe

(HP Inc. -> HP Inc.) C:\Program Files\HP\HP Orbit Service\HPOrbitService.exe

(HP Inc. -> HP Inc.) C:\Program Files\HP\HP Touchpoint Analytics Client\TouchpointAnalyticsClientService.exe

(HP Inc. -> HP) C:\Program Files\HP\HP Orbit\HPOrbit.exe

(HP Inc.) [File not signed] C:\Program Files\HPCommRecovery\HPCommRecovery.exe

(Intel Corporation -> Intel Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\Intel\DPTF\dptf_helper.exe

(Intel Corporation -> Intel Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\Intel\DPTF\esif_uf.exe

(Intel Corporation -> Intel® Corporation) C:\Program Files\Common Files\Intel\WirelessCommon\RegSrvc.exe

(Intel Corporation -> Intel® Corporation) C:\Program Files\Intel\WiFi\bin\EvtEng.exe

(Intel Corporation -> Intel® Corporation) C:\Program Files\Intel\WiFi\bin\ZeroConfigService.exe

(Intel® Embedded Subsystems and IP Blocks Group -> Intel Corporation) C:\Program Files (x86)\Intel\Intel® Management Engine Components\LMS\LMS.exe

(Intel® Embedded Subsystems and IP Blocks Group -> Intel Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\DriverStore\FileRepository\dal.inf_amd64_ffc75848a6342fdf\jhi_service.exe

(Intel® pGFX -> Intel Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\DriverStore\FileRepository\ki130350.inf_amd64_696b7c6764071b63\igfxCUIService.exe

(Intel® pGFX -> Intel Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\DriverStore\FileRepository\ki130350.inf_amd64_696b7c6764071b63\igfxEM.exe

(Intel® pGFX -> Intel Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\DriverStore\FileRepository\ki130350.inf_amd64_696b7c6764071b63\IntelCpHDCPSvc.exe

(Intel® pGFX -> Intel Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\DriverStore\FileRepository\ki130350.inf_amd64_696b7c6764071b63\IntelCpHeciSvc.exe

(Intel® Software Development Products -> Intel Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\DriverStore\FileRepository\sgx_psw.inf_amd64_62a0e7f4cd3e6c99\aesm_service.exe

(Intel® Trust Services -> Intel® Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\DriverStore\FileRepository\iclsclient.inf_amd64_75ffca5eec865b4b\lib\SocketHeciServer.exe

(Intel® Wireless Connectivity Solutions -> Intel Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\ibtsiva.exe

(LAVASOFT SOFTWARE CANADA INC -> ) C:\Program Files (x86)\Lavasoft\Web Companion\Application\Lavasoft.WCAssistant.WinService.exe

(LAVASOFT SOFTWARE CANADA INC -> Lavasoft) C:\Program Files (x86)\Lavasoft\Web Companion\Application\WebCompanion.exe

(Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation) C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft SQL Server\90\Shared\sqlbrowser.exe

(Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation) C:\Program Files\Common Files\microsoft shared\ClickToRun\OfficeClickToRun.exe

(Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation) C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\90\Shared\sqlwriter.exe

(Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation) C:\ProgramData\SOLIDWORKS Electrical\MSSQL12.TEW_SQLEXPRESS\MSSQL\Binn\sqlservr.exe

(Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation) C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Microsoft\OneDrive\OneDrive.exe

(Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation) C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework64\v3.0\WPF\PresentationFontCache.exe

(Microsoft Windows -> Microsoft Corporation) C:\Windows\ImmersiveControlPanel\SystemSettings.exe

(Microsoft Windows -> Microsoft Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\CompatTelRunner.exe <2>

(Microsoft Windows -> Microsoft Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\dllhost.exe <2>

(Microsoft Windows -> Microsoft Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\MoUsoCoreWorker.exe

(Microsoft Windows -> Microsoft Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\oobe\UserOOBEBroker.exe

(Microsoft Windows -> Microsoft Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\smartscreen.exe

(Microsoft Windows -> Microsoft Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\wlanext.exe

(Microsoft Windows -> Microsoft Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\WWAHost.exe

(Oracle America, Inc. -> Oracle Corporation) C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Java\Java Update\jusched.exe

(Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software Ltd) C:\Program Files\CCleaner\CCleaner64.exe

(Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software) C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Application\CCleanerBrowser.exe <18>

(Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software) C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Update\1.8.1067.0\CCleanerBrowserCrashHandler.exe

(Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software) C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Update\1.8.1067.0\CCleanerBrowserCrashHandler64.exe

(RayShare Co.,Ltd -> ) C:\Program Files (x86)\Aiseesoft Studio\FoneLab\AppService.exe

(Realtek Semiconductor Corp. -> Realtek Semiconductor) C:\Program Files\Realtek\Audio\HDA\RAVBg64.exe

(Realtek Semiconductor Corp. -> Realtek Semiconductor) C:\Program Files\Realtek\Audio\HDA\RtkAudioService64.exe

(Realtek Semiconductor Corp. -> Realtek Semiconductor) C:\Program Files\Realtek\Audio\HDA\RtkNGUI64.exe

(SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION -> SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\Event Manager\EEventManager.exe

(SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION -> SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\FAX Utility\FUFAXRCV.exe

(SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION -> Seiko Epson Corporation) C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\PMA_A\PMA.exe

(SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION -> Seiko Epson Corporation) C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\PMA_A\PMAService.exe

(SEIKO EPSON Corporation -> Seiko Epson Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\escsvc64.exe

(Synaptics Incorporated -> Synaptics Incorporated) C:\Windows\System32\SynTPEnh.exe

(Synaptics Incorporated -> Synaptics Incorporated) C:\Windows\System32\SynTPEnhService.exe

(TechSmith Corporation -> TechSmith Corporation) C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\TechSmith Shared\Uploader\UploaderService.exe

(TechSmith Corporation -> TechSmith Corporation) C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\Snagit32.exe

(TechSmith Corporation -> TechSmith Corporation) C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\SnagitEditor.exe

(TechSmith Corporation -> TechSmith Corporation) C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\SnagPriv.exe

(WhatsApp, Inc -> WhatsApp) C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\WhatsApp\app-2.2114.9\WhatsApp.exe <7>

(Wondershare Technology Co.,Ltd -> Wondershare) C:\Program Files (x86)\Wondershare\dr.fone\Library\DriverInstaller\DriverInstall.exe

(Wondershare Technology Co.,Ltd -> Wondershare) C:\Program Files (x86)\Wondershare\WAF3\3.0.0.308\WsAppService3.exe

Failed to access process -> SearchApp.exe

Failed to access process -> SearchApp.exe

 

==================== Registry (Whitelisted) ===================

 

(If an entry is included in the fixlist, the registry item will be restored to default or removed. The file will not be moved.)

 

HKLM\...\Run: [RTHDVCPL] => C:\Program Files\Realtek\Audio\HDA\RtkNGUI64.exe [9270208 2018-04-11] (Realtek Semiconductor Corp. -> Realtek Semiconductor)

HKLM\...\Run: [RtHDVBg_Session] => C:\Program Files\Realtek\Audio\HDA\RAVBg64.exe [1505728 2018-04-11] (Realtek Semiconductor Corp. -> Realtek Semiconductor)

HKLM\...\Run: [RtsCM] => C:\WINDOWS\RTSCM64.EXE [234016 2016-09-26] (Realtek Semiconductor Corp. -> Realtek Semiconductor Corp.)

HKLM\...\Run: [AdobeGCInvoker-1.0] => C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Adobe\AdobeGCClient\AGCInvokerUtility.exe [3412680 2021-02-17] (Adobe Inc. -> Adobe Systems, Incorporated)

HKLM\...\Run: [TechSmithSnagit] => C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\Snagit32.exe [8971744 2019-02-11] (TechSmith Corporation -> TechSmith Corporation)

HKLM-x32\...\Run: [HPMessageService] => C:\Program Files (x86)\HP\HP System Event\HPMSGSVC.exe [705784 2016-06-20] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

HKLM-x32\...\Run: [Dropbox] => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\Dropbox.exe [7991528 2021-04-12] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

HKLM-x32\...\Run: [GrooveMonitor] => C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\Office12\GrooveMonitor.exe [31016 2006-10-27] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

HKLM-x32\...\Run: [EEventManager] => C:\Program Files (x86)\Epson Software\Event Manager\EEventManager.exe [1092304 2016-03-14] (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION -> SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION)

HKLM-x32\...\Run: [FUFAXRCV] => C:\Program Files (x86)\Epson Software\FAX Utility\FUFAXRCV.exe [653352 2017-02-16] (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION -> SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION)

HKLM-x32\...\Run: [FUFAXSTM] => C:\Program Files (x86)\Epson Software\FAX Utility\FUFAXSTM.exe [862248 2017-02-16] (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION -> SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION)

HKLM-x32\...\Run: [Autodesk Desktop App] => C:\Program Files (x86)\Autodesk\Autodesk Desktop App\AutodeskDesktopApp.exe [707416 2018-01-10] (Autodesk, Inc. -> Autodesk, Inc.)

HKLM-x32\...\Run: [SunJavaUpdateSched] => C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Java\Java Update\jusched.exe [601424 2018-12-16] (Oracle America, Inc. -> Oracle Corporation)

HKLM-x32\...\Run: [FoneLabAppService] => C:\Program Files (x86)\Aiseesoft Studio\FoneLab\AppService.exe [80600 2019-07-17] (RayShare Co.,Ltd -> )

HKLM-x32\...\Run: [Adobe ARM] => C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Adobe\ARM\1.0\AdobeARM.exe [959904 2014-05-08] (Adobe Systems, Incorporated -> Adobe Systems Incorporated)

HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\...\Run: [Chromium] => "c:\users\newuser\appdata\local\chromium\application\chrome.exe" --auto-launch-at-startup --profile-directory=Default --restore-last-session

HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\...\Run: [iCloudServices] => C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Apple\Internet Services\iCloudServices.exe [43816 2014-08-08] (Apple Inc. -> Apple Inc.)

HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\...\Run: [ApplePhotoStreams] => C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Apple\Internet Services\ApplePhotoStreams.exe [43816 2014-08-14] (Apple Inc. -> Apple Inc.)

HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\...\Run: [Web Companion] => C:\Program Files (x86)\Lavasoft\Web Companion\Application\WebCompanion.exe [8520168 2021-03-01] (LAVASOFT SOFTWARE CANADA INC -> Lavasoft)

HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\...\Run: [CCleaner Smart Cleaning] => C:\Program Files\CCleaner\CCleaner64.exe [33169992 2021-03-18] (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software Ltd)

HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\...\Policies\Explorer: [] 

HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\...\Policies\Explorer: [NoChangeStartMenu] 0

HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\...\Policies\Explorer: [NoLogOff] 0

HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1004\...\Policies\Explorer: [NoChangeStartMenu] 0

HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1004\...\Policies\Explorer: [NoLogOff] 0

HKLM\...\Windows x64\Print Processors\Canon MP250 series Print Processor: C:\Windows\System32\spool\prtprocs\x64\CNMPD9W.DLL [28672 2010-04-24] (Microsoft Windows Hardware Compatibility Publisher -> CANON INC.)

HKLM\...\Print\Monitors\Canon BJ Language Monitor MP250 series: C:\WINDOWS\system32\CNMLM9W.DLL [336896 2010-04-24] (Microsoft Windows Hardware Compatibility Publisher -> CANON INC.)

HKLM\...\Print\Monitors\EpsonNet Print Port: C:\WINDOWS\system32\enppmon.dll [500736 2016-09-14] (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed]

HKLM\...\Print\Monitors\pdfcmon: C:\WINDOWS\system32\pdfcmon.dll [116224 2020-02-15] (pdfforge GmbH) [File not signed]

HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Active Setup\Installed Components: [{052EB454-9F19-CB42-7875-807F79F311C4}] -> C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Application\90.0.9199.75\Installer\chrmstp.exe [2021-04-28] (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software)

HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Active Setup\Installed Components: [{8A69D345-D564-463c-AFF1-A69D9E530F96}] -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Google\Chrome\Application\90.0.4430.93\Installer\chrmstp.exe [2021-04-26] (Google LLC -> Google LLC)

Startup: C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup\HP JumpStart Launch.lnk [2017-06-17]

ShortcutTarget: HP JumpStart Launch.lnk -> c:\Windows\Installer\{B90CB0DE-2E60-41C4-9857-466EB98192BF}\HPlogo_blue.ico () [File not signed]

Startup: C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup\EvernoteClipper.lnk [2017-08-26]

ShortcutTarget: EvernoteClipper.lnk -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Evernote\Evernote\EvernoteClipper.exe (EVERNOTE CORPORATION -> Evernote Corp., 305 Walnut Street, Redwood City, CA 94063) [File not signed]

Startup: C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup\HP Orbit.lnk [2019-10-08]

ShortcutTarget: HP Orbit.lnk -> C:\Program Files\HP\HP Orbit\HPOrbit.exe (HP Inc. -> HP)

 

==================== Scheduled Tasks (Whitelisted) ============

 

(If an entry is included in the fixlist, it will be removed from the registry. The file will not be moved unless listed separately.)

 

Task: {044B0525-5032-4082-9EC2-3E791CE4EF63} - System32\Tasks\AVG\Overseer => C:\Program Files\AVG\Antivirus\setup\overseer.exe

Task: {0C2B7F41-7E97-40C4-8E8C-2D0E72711F1B} - System32\Tasks\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Assistant\HP Support Solutions Framework Report => C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Solutions\Modules\HPSFReport.exe [136304 2021-03-30] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

Task: {0E9BB697-FA27-4938-946B-C89B2FF49E64} - System32\Tasks\CCleaner Browser Heartbeat Task (Logon) => C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Application\CCleanerBrowser.exe [2269864 2021-04-14] (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software)

Task: {11210424-8E8D-454A-A7D0-F4C948A732AE} - System32\Tasks\Microsoft\Office\OfficeTelemetryAgentFallBack2016 => C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\msoia.exe [4002744 2021-04-16] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

Task: {153DEF9A-22F2-4504-BA92-E04A678443DC} - System32\Tasks\GoogleUpdateTaskMachineCore => C:\Program Files (x86)\Google\Update\GoogleUpdate.exe [156104 2020-01-08] (Google LLC -> Google LLC)

Task: {164A2F57-6D21-41A2-9D8C-10532A51A158} - System32\Tasks\CreateExplorerShellUnelevatedTask => C:\WINDOWS\explorer.exe /NOUACCHECK

Task: {189D7B2D-6ABE-4265-A53F-221A6AA9FEEF} - System32\Tasks\Intel\Thunderbolt\Start Thunderbolt application when hardware is detected => C:\Program Files (x86)\Intel\Thunderbolt Software\\ConditionalAppStarter.exe [222944 2016-08-15] (Intel® Client Connectivity Division SW -> Intel Corporation)

Task: {26883ED4-F76C-4264-85E3-BDCF4CA59605} - System32\Tasks\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Assistant\Product Configurator => C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Framework\Resources\ProductConfig.exe [352368 2021-03-26] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

Task: {27873F9C-09D3-4821-A389-D506538C987D} - System32\Tasks\Hewlett-Packard\HP Active Health\HP Active Health Scan (HPSA) => C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Framework\Resources\HPActiveHealth\ActiveHealth.exe [25128 2017-11-19] (HP Inc. -> )

Task: {2D5FFA0C-2BAA-4C55-94E5-D5EAB0B30F5A} - System32\Tasks\HPJumpStartProvider => C:\Program Files (x86)\HP\HP JumpStart Bridge\HPJumpStartProvider.exe

Task: {2F00182B-E020-430D-9DFA-F36CAFA1D1EC} - System32\Tasks\EPSON WF-3620 Series Invitation {915B2F08-D93F-4A7B-9F26-2209A1823C9A} => C:\WINDOWS\system32\spool\DRIVERS\x64\3\E_YTSKEE.EXE [679488 2013-02-28] (SEIKO EPSON Corporation -> SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION)

Task: {35CC6033-1AF3-4152-94E0-A325AC4D4EA0} - System32\Tasks\CCleanerSkipUAC => C:\Program Files\CCleaner\CCleaner.exe [27616328 2021-03-18] (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software Ltd)

Task: {3618E130-057C-4325-A7CB-C9956DBC1F6B} - System32\Tasks\HPCustParticipation HP DeskJet 3700 series => C:\Program Files\HP\HP DeskJet 3700 series\Bin\HPCustPartic.exe [6439048 2018-04-06] (Hewlett Packard -> HP Inc.)

Task: {37512838-E321-450C-AF19-26939EA62573} - System32\Tasks\MySQL\Installer\ManifestUpdate => C:\Program Files (x86)\MySQL\MySQL Installer for Windows\MySQLInstallerConsole.exe [70016 2019-03-01] (Oracle America, Inc. -> Oracle Corporation)

Task: {3DC14074-2942-4FC7-8BBC-E23435ABC3E1} - System32\Tasks\DropboxUpdateTaskMachineCore => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Update\DropboxUpdate.exe [143144 2017-07-11] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

Task: {4531D6E3-9051-477E-BC97-49E5B607FDBE} - System32\Tasks\DriverToolkit Autorun => C:\Program Files (x86)\DriverToolkit\DriverToolkit.exe

Task: {4D58F3C7-7E1C-45C1-AE88-2BEE01448D4D} - System32\Tasks\EPSON WF-3620 Series Invitation {8D4735D6-0961-45A7-BA1D-B575C7F10732} => C:\WINDOWS\system32\spool\DRIVERS\x64\3\E_YTSKEE.EXE [679488 2013-02-28] (SEIKO EPSON Corporation -> SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION)

Task: {4F1FD920-3AE1-4307-8D26-52A3D30F851D} - System32\Tasks\CCleanerUpdateTaskMachineUA => C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Update\CCleanerBrowserUpdate.exe [200928 2021-03-25] (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software)

Task: {5B69485E-6048-4F9E-9055-149B3010CE3E} - System32\Tasks\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Assistant\WarrantyChecker_DeviceScan => C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Framework\Resources\HPWarrantyCheck\HPWarrantyChecker.exe [1136984 2020-09-17] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

Task: {5E3D5F68-D742-47EC-9613-C25754E1C8B3} - System32\Tasks\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Assistant\HP Support Assistant Quick Start => C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Framework\HPSF.exe [1506648 2020-08-20] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

Task: {60980293-B892-4CD0-A7D5-CDD1A2E4DA5F} - System32\Tasks\Mozilla\Firefox Default Browser Agent 308046B0AF4A39CB => C:\Program Files\Mozilla Firefox\default-browser-agent.exe [696816 2021-04-17] (Mozilla Corporation -> Mozilla Foundation)

Task: {6102A59E-1AC3-48C5-88D8-5B66BEB4AA50} - System32\Tasks\Microsoft\Office\Office Feature Updates => C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\sdxhelper.exe [114008 2021-04-26] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

Task: {6EB8289A-411B-4DAC-A5E6-9DFC071EC789} - System32\Tasks\Intel\Thunderbolt\Start Thunderbolt application on login if service is up => C:\Program Files (x86)\Intel\Thunderbolt Software\\ConditionalAppStarter.exe [222944 2016-08-15] (Intel® Client Connectivity Division SW -> Intel Corporation)

Task: {6FA02AFB-9642-4CF0-8880-60DB8DC6771C} - System32\Tasks\DropboxUpdateTaskMachineUA => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Update\DropboxUpdate.exe [143144 2017-07-11] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

Task: {753A5243-EA2F-4F8B-BAF2-6858829760B6} - System32\Tasks\Yandex Browser system update => C:\Program Files (x86)\Yandex\YandexBrowser\18.3.1.1232\service_update.exe

Task: {7D65496F-AE52-46D4-B7B2-F595C79CC592} - System32\Tasks\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Assistant\HP Support Assistant Update Notice => C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Framework\Resources\BingPopup\BingPopup.exe [555640 2021-03-25] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

Task: {80482E08-FA62-4FB4-9EA2-BD67983C50A2} - System32\Tasks\MATLAB R2017b Startup Accelerator => C:\Program Files\MATLAB\R2017b\bin\win64\MATLABStartupAccelerator.exe

Task: {80857DE2-4D45-4598-B23A-F0BF0FFCCEAC} - System32\Tasks\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Assistant\WarrantyChecker => C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Framework\Resources\HPWarrantyCheck\HPWarrantyChecker.exe [1136984 2020-09-17] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

Task: {93E3B430-78E5-492D-9A32-DCD02C02D927} - System32\Tasks\Microsoft\Office\Office Feature Updates Logon => C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\sdxhelper.exe [114008 2021-04-26] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

Task: {9A197854-46F6-43EF-BC6C-4D6D2183D113} - System32\Tasks\AdobeGCInvoker-1.0 => C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Adobe\AdobeGCClient\AGCInvokerUtility.exe [3412680 2021-02-17] (Adobe Inc. -> Adobe Systems, Incorporated)

Task: {9EB15162-D21C-47C7-9E24-EFAEE03CF15F} - System32\Tasks\BraveSoftwareUpdateTaskUserS-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001UA => C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\BraveSoftware\Update\BraveUpdate.exe

Task: {9F0BCAC0-4910-40AE-9B54-2C6B57B12F70} - System32\Tasks\CCleaner Browser Heartbeat Task (Hourly) => C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Application\CCleanerBrowser.exe [2269864 2021-04-14] (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software)

Task: {A636C926-FBEA-4C3F-AB12-EAA707AE20EA} - System32\Tasks\Bitdefender Agent WatchDog_65D6944A0EF74FDAB96E31112AD39864 => C:\Program Files\Bitdefender Agent\WatchDog.exe [888232 2021-01-29] (Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender)

Task: {AA791271-1EB1-4413-B0E2-767719152798} - System32\Tasks\EPSON WF-3620 Series Update {8D4735D6-0961-45A7-BA1D-B575C7F10732} => C:\WINDOWS\system32\spool\DRIVERS\x64\3\E_YTSKEE.EXE [679488 2013-02-28] (SEIKO EPSON Corporation -> SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION)

Task: {B0A7B2DF-19D1-4188-B427-3D2267EEAFCC} - System32\Tasks\Microsoft\Office\OfficeTelemetryAgentLogOn2016 => C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\msoia.exe [4002744 2021-04-16] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

Task: {B1770952-5BE0-4500-85EC-D91F1D2A81EE} - System32\Tasks\EPSON WF-3620 Series Update {915B2F08-D93F-4A7B-9F26-2209A1823C9A} => C:\WINDOWS\system32\spool\DRIVERS\x64\3\E_YTSKEE.EXE [679488 2013-02-28] (SEIKO EPSON Corporation -> SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION)

Task: {B1ED9F27-9184-4E31-A57D-455E5CCF90DB} - System32\Tasks\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Assistant\HP Support Solutions Framework Updater => C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Solutions\Modules\HPSSFUpdater.exe [665944 2020-08-07] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

Task: {B378BD3B-DB41-4FCE-9E88-56064AFF25A4} - System32\Tasks\Microsoft\Office\Office Automatic Updates 2.0 => C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\ClickToRun\OfficeC2RClient.exe [23248800 2021-04-21] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

Task: {BECB0BF4-44A4-442A-9330-ED8679BED078} - System32\Tasks\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Assistant\HP Support Solutions Framework Updater - resources updates => C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Solutions\Modules\HPSSFUpdater.exe [665944 2020-08-07] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

Task: {C5A6703F-128A-44A6-B768-06818D59DB5C} - System32\Tasks\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Assistant\WarrantyChecker_CN94G6P36D => C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Framework\Resources\HPWarrantyCheck\HPWarrantyChecker.exe [1136984 2020-09-17] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

Task: {C8EE5C65-A7E8-4BA6-BBA1-C99BB32885A0} - System32\Tasks\GoogleUpdateTaskMachineUA => C:\Program Files (x86)\Google\Update\GoogleUpdate.exe [156104 2020-01-08] (Google LLC -> Google LLC)

Task: {C91A256A-135D-44D1-A9A6-8AC30C7F97FA} - System32\Tasks\Avast Software\Overseer => C:\Program Files\Common Files\AVAST Software\Overseer\overseer.exe [1791712 2021-02-23] (Avast Software s.r.o. -> Avast Software)

Task: {C94ADCC3-391D-45DB-8B37-A72FA9309358} - System32\Tasks\Intel\Thunderbolt\Start Thunderbolt service when hardware is detected => sc.exe start ThunderboltService

Task: {CC506C77-51CF-49DC-AD55-F56EA5D0ACB4} - System32\Tasks\BraveSoftwareUpdateTaskUserS-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001Core => C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\BraveSoftware\Update\BraveUpdate.exe

Task: {D7C2885B-62DE-4CF6-A192-1343FCA70082} - System32\Tasks\CCleaner Update => C:\Program Files\CCleaner\CCUpdate.exe [684976 2021-03-18] (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform)

Task: {E0CD6891-515C-4AAE-AABA-A97ABF394E8D} - System32\Tasks\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Assistant\HP Support Solutions Framework Updater - Resources => C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Solutions\Modules\HPSSFUpdater.exe [665944 2020-08-07] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

Task: {E7C14D53-7D75-4A0F-8A81-71A055075DAD} - System32\Tasks\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Assistant\PC Health Analysis => C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Framework\HPSF.exe [1506648 2020-08-20] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

Task: {F2500C23-89D8-410F-800A-2D2EC741BEFC} - System32\Tasks\CCleanerUpdateTaskMachineCore => C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Update\CCleanerBrowserUpdate.exe [200928 2021-03-25] (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software)

Task: {F775BE1D-80BA-409A-81A2-F73796E1580D} - System32\Tasks\Microsoft\Office\Office ClickToRun Service Monitor => C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\ClickToRun\OfficeC2RClient.exe [23248800 2021-04-21] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

Task: {F9066F0E-6AD3-4FCC-8C79-AFF269575E9C} - System32\Tasks\Intel\Thunderbolt\Start Thunderbolt service on boot if driver is up => C:\Program Files (x86)\Intel\Thunderbolt Software\\tbtsvc.exe [2015968 2016-08-15] (Intel® Client Connectivity Division SW -> Intel Corporation)

 

(If an entry is included in the fixlist, the task (.job) file will be moved. The file which is running by the task will not be moved.)

 

Task: C:\WINDOWS\Tasks\Driver Easy Scheduled Scan.job => C:\Program Files\Easeware\DriverEasy\DriverEasy.exe

Task: C:\WINDOWS\Tasks\DriverToolkit Autorun.job => C:\Program Files (x86)\DriverToolkit\DriverToolkit.exe

Task: C:\WINDOWS\Tasks\DropboxUpdateTaskMachineCore.job => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Update\DropboxUpdate.exe

Task: C:\WINDOWS\Tasks\DropboxUpdateTaskMachineUA.job => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Update\DropboxUpdate.exe

Task: C:\WINDOWS\Tasks\EPSON WF-3620 Series Invitation {8D4735D6-0961-45A7-BA1D-B575C7F10732}.job => C:\WINDOWS\system32\spool\DRIVERS\x64\3\E_YTSKEE.EXE

Task: C:\WINDOWS\Tasks\EPSON WF-3620 Series Invitation {915B2F08-D93F-4A7B-9F26-2209A1823C9A}.job => C:\WINDOWS\system32\spool\DRIVERS\x64\3\E_YTSKEE.EXE

Task: C:\WINDOWS\Tasks\EPSON WF-3620 Series Update {8D4735D6-0961-45A7-BA1D-B575C7F10732}.job => C:\WINDOWS\system32\spool\DRIVERS\x64\3\E_YTSKEE.EXE:/EXE:{8D4735D6-0961-45A7-BA1D-B575C7F10732} /F:UpdateWORKGROUP\AKINTOLA$ĊSearches for EPSON software updates, and notifies you when updates are available.If this task is disabled or stopped, your EPSON software will not be automatically kept up to date.Thi

Task: C:\WINDOWS\Tasks\EPSON WF-3620 Series Update {915B2F08-D93F-4A7B-9F26-2209A1823C9A}.job => C:\WINDOWS\system32\spool\DRIVERS\x64\3\E_YTSKEE.EXE:/EXE:{915B2F08-D93F-4A7B-9F26-2209A1823C9A} /F:UpdateWORKGROUP\AKINTOLA$ĊSearches for EPSON software updates, and notifies you when updates are available.If this task is disabled or stopped, your EPSON software will not be automatically kept up to date.Thi

Task: C:\WINDOWS\Tasks\HPCeeScheduleForAkintola.job => C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Ceement\HPCEE.exe

Task: C:\WINDOWS\Tasks\MATLAB R2017b Startup Accelerator.job => C:\Program Files\MATLAB\R2017b\bin\win64\MATLABStartupAccelerator.exe

Task: C:\WINDOWS\Tasks\Yandex Browser system update.job => C:\Program Files (x86)\Yandex\YandexBrowser\18.3.1.1232\service_update.exe

 

==================== Internet (Whitelisted) ====================

 

(If an item is included in the fixlist, if it is a registry item it will be removed or restored to default.)

 

Tcpip\Parameters: [DhcpNameServer] 192.168.128.1

Tcpip\..\Interfaces\{326e41d1-ab93-47ed-a214-afcec1393aa8}: [NameServer] 8.8.8.8

Tcpip\..\Interfaces\{7cf74c9f-7c2d-49c4-aa9c-8587a9a410a7}: [DhcpNameServer] 10.16.0.1

Tcpip\..\Interfaces\{7ed62ea6-9169-4d4f-b4f1-33b2a4aab407}: [NameServer] 8.8.8.8

Tcpip\..\Interfaces\{7ed62ea6-9169-4d4f-b4f1-33b2a4aab407}: [DhcpNameServer] 192.168.128.1

Tcpip\..\Interfaces\{a68c791b-53e5-11e7-a7fc-806e6f6e6963}: [NameServer] 8.8.8.8

Tcpip\..\Interfaces\{b845433a-070d-4d0d-bfbc-2b7d914b72c6}: [NameServer] 8.8.8.8

Tcpip\..\Interfaces\{b845433a-070d-4d0d-bfbc-2b7d914b72c6}: [DhcpNameServer] 8.8.8.8

HKLM\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Internet Explorer: Restriction <==== ATTENTION

 

Edge: 

=======

DownloadDir: C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads

Edge Extension: (No Name) -> AutoFormFill_5ED10D46BD7E47DEB1F3685D2C0FCE08 => C:\Windows\SystemApps\Microsoft.MicrosoftEdge_8wekyb3d8bbwe\Assets\HostExtensions\AutoFormFill [not found]

Edge Extension: (No Name) -> BookReader_B171F20233094AC88D05A8EF7B9763E8 => C:\Windows\SystemApps\Microsoft.MicrosoftEdge_8wekyb3d8bbwe\Assets\BookViewer [not found]

Edge Extension: (No Name) -> LearningTools_7706F933-971C-41D1-9899-8A026EB5D824 => C:\Windows\SystemApps\Microsoft.MicrosoftEdge_8wekyb3d8bbwe\Assets\HostExtensions\LearningTools [not found]

Edge Extension: (No Name) -> PinJSAPI_EC01B57063BE468FAB6DB7EBFC3BF368 => C:\Windows\SystemApps\Microsoft.MicrosoftEdge_8wekyb3d8bbwe\Assets\HostExtensions\PinJSAPI [not found]

Edge DefaultProfile: Default

Edge Profile: C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Edge\User Data\Default [2021-04-25]

Edge HomePage: Default -> hxxp://www.google.com/

Edge DefaultSearchURL: Default -> hxxps://movixhub.searchalgo.com/search/?category=web&s=shds&q={searchTerms}

Edge DefaultSearchKeyword: Default -> MovixHub

Edge DefaultSuggestURL: Default -> hxxps://sug.searchalgo.com/search/index_sg.php?q={searchTerms}

Edge Extension: (My Converter Hub) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Edge\User Data\Default\Extensions\agoodnhfnmgjieolpjbcbfofhecapfkd [2020-08-09]

Edge Extension: (Grammarly for Microsoft Edge) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Edge\User Data\Default\Extensions\cnlefmmeadmemmdciolhbnfeacpdfbkd [2021-04-02]

Edge Extension: (Google Scholar Button) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Edge\User Data\Default\Extensions\fciokoalnclhnonofghacdplgpafdcgl [2020-08-09]

Edge Extension: (Dashlane - Password Manager) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Edge\User Data\Default\Extensions\fdjamakpfbbddfjaooikfcpapjohcfmg [2021-04-02]

Edge Extension: (Clipbrd Beta) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Edge\User Data\Default\Extensions\febnkhppinonnjgfjdigiipdajophkkk [2020-08-09]

Edge Extension: (Cisco Webex Extension) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Edge\User Data\Default\Extensions\ikdddppdhmjcdfgilpnbkdeggoiicjgo [2021-04-02]

Edge Extension: (Mega Media Start) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Edge\User Data\Default\Extensions\ipppaabbmnphdfjcnbjjbmimefomegjd [2020-08-09]

Edge Extension: (MovixHub) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Edge\User Data\Default\Extensions\knmaplknmljolhemkdmfahdfgddflgcd [2020-08-09]

Edge Extension: (Advertisements by FaxBetter) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Edge\User Data\Default\Extensions\monhibmpaiooeijgnpcoondnmjlhchgd [2020-11-15]

 

FireFox:

========

FF DefaultProfile: x76drcog.default

FF ProfilePath: C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\Mozilla\Firefox\Profiles\x76drcog.default [2021-04-29]

FF Homepage: Mozilla\Firefox\Profiles\x76drcog.default -> hxxps://segoonow.com/homepage?hp=1&bitmask=9996&pId=IC150206&iDate=2018-12-28 05:00:26&bName=

FF NewTab: Mozilla\Firefox\Profiles\x76drcog.default -> hxxps://segoonow.com/homepage?hp=1&bitmask=9996&pId=IC150206&iDate=2018-12-28 05:00:26&bName=

FF Extension: (Firefox Search Test) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\Mozilla\Firefox\Profiles\x76drcog.default\Extensions\[email protected] [2018-02-07] [Legacy]

FF SearchPlugin: C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\Mozilla\Firefox\Profiles\x76drcog.default\searchplugins\Search Now.xml [2021-03-01]

FF HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\...\Firefox\Extensions: [{442718d9-475e-452a-b3e1-fb1ee16b8e9f}] - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\Dashlane\6.2052.0.42278\bin\Firefox_Extension\{442718d9-475e-452a-b3e1-fb1ee16b8e9f}

FF Extension: (No Name) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\Dashlane\6.2052.0.42278\bin\Firefox_Extension\{442718d9-475e-452a-b3e1-fb1ee16b8e9f} [2020-12-21] [not signed]

FF Plugin: adobe.com/AdobeAAMDetect -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Adobe\OOBE\PDApp\CCM\Utilities\npAdobeAAMDetect64.dll [No File]

FF Plugin-x32: @java.com/DTPlugin,version=11.201.2 -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jre1.8.0_201\bin\dtplugin\npDeployJava1.dll [2019-01-28] (Oracle America, Inc. -> Oracle Corporation)

FF Plugin-x32: @java.com/JavaPlugin,version=11.201.2 -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jre1.8.0_201\bin\plugin2\npjp2.dll [2019-01-28] (Oracle America, Inc. -> Oracle Corporation)

FF Plugin-x32: @microsoft.com/Lync,version=15.0 -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\VFS\ProgramFilesX86\Mozilla Firefox\plugins\npmeetingjoinpluginoc.dll [2021-03-01] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

FF Plugin-x32: @microsoft.com/SharePoint,version=14.0 -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\NPSPWRAP.DLL [2021-03-01] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

FF Plugin-x32: @update.ccleanerbrowser.com/CCleaner Browser;version=3 -> C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Update\1.8.1067.0\npCCleanerBrowserUpdate3.dll [2021-03-25] (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software)

FF Plugin-x32: @update.ccleanerbrowser.com/CCleaner Browser;version=9 -> C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Update\1.8.1067.0\npCCleanerBrowserUpdate3.dll [2021-03-25] (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software)

FF Plugin-x32: @videolan.org/vlc,version=2.2.6 -> C:\Program Files (x86)\VideoLAN\VLC\npvlc.dll [2017-05-24] (VideoLAN -> VideoLAN)

FF Plugin-x32: Adobe Reader -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Adobe\Reader 11.0\Reader\AIR\nppdf32.dll [2014-05-08] (Adobe Systems, Incorporated -> Adobe Systems Inc.)

FF Plugin HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001: SkypeForBusinessPlugin-16.2 -> C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Microsoft\SkypeForBusinessPlugin\16.2.0.282\npGatewayNpapi.dll [2018-10-19] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

FF Plugin HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001: SkypeForBusinessPlugin64-16.2 -> C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Microsoft\SkypeForBusinessPlugin\16.2.0.282\npGatewayNpapi-x64.dll [2018-10-19] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

FF ExtraCheck: C:\Program Files\mozilla firefox\defaults\pref\bd_js_config.js [2020-05-12] <==== ATTENTION (Points to *.cfg file)

FF ExtraCheck: C:\Program Files\mozilla firefox\bd_config.cfg [2020-05-12] <==== ATTENTION

 

Chrome: 

=======

CHR Profile: C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default [2021-04-29]

CHR Notifications: Default -> hxxps://meet.google.com; hxxps://www.reddit.com; hxxps://www.y2mate.com; hxxps://www10.todhamilton.pro; hxxps://www47.darenjarvis.pro; hxxps://www90.todhamilton.pro

CHR HomePage: Default -> hxxp://www.google.com/

CHR StartupUrls: Default -> "hxxps://www.google.com/"

CHR DefaultSearchURL: Default -> hxxps://sport.ultraapps.online/search/?category=web&s=e6ds&vert=sporttv&q={searchTerms}

CHR DefaultSearchKeyword: Default -> Ultra Sports Search

CHR DefaultSuggestURL: Default -> hxxps://sug.ultraapps.online/search/index_sg.php?q={searchTerms}

CHR Extension: (Slides) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\aapocclcgogkmnckokdopfmhonfmgoek [2017-10-12]

CHR Extension: (Docs) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\aohghmighlieiainnegkcijnfilokake [2017-10-12]

CHR Extension: (Google Drive) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\apdfllckaahabafndbhieahigkjlhalf [2020-11-13]

CHR Extension: (YouTube) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\blpcfgokakmgnkcojhhkbfbldkacnbeo [2017-08-11]

CHR Extension: (Honey) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\bmnlcjabgnpnenekpadlanbbkooimhnj [2021-04-29]

CHR Extension: (Dashlane - Password Manager) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\fdjamakpfbbddfjaooikfcpapjohcfmg [2021-04-29]

CHR Extension: (Clipbrd Beta) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\febnkhppinonnjgfjdigiipdajophkkk [2018-08-30]

CHR Extension: (Sheets) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\felcaaldnbdncclmgdcncolpebgiejap [2017-10-12]

CHR Extension: (Google Docs Offline) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\ghbmnnjooekpmoecnnnilnnbdlolhkhi [2021-04-21]

CHR Extension: (Ultra Sports Search) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\gkhibccnaniojmnefhlmknfeopkhbmff [2020-03-14]

CHR Extension: (Cisco Webex Extension) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\jlhmfgmfgeifomenelglieieghnjghma [2021-04-11]

CHR Extension: (Grammarly for Chrome) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\kbfnbcaeplbcioakkpcpgfkobkghlhen [2021-04-29]

CHR Extension: (Google Scholar Button) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\ldipcbpaocekfooobnbcddclnhejkcpn [2020-10-30]

CHR Extension: (Chrome Web Store Payments) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\nmmhkkegccagdldgiimedpiccmgmieda [2021-03-01]

CHR Extension: (Search Manager) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\olojcnagmcbplpdddabmpfehhlleobpb [2019-10-24]

CHR Extension: (Gmail) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\pjkljhegncpnkpknbcohdijeoejaedia [2020-11-13]

CHR Extension: (Chrome Media Router) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\pkedcjkdefgpdelpbcmbmeomcjbeemfm [2021-04-25]

CHR HKLM\...\Chrome\Extension: [jgfblpnggnjhmdbidfmoidoglbcbnfoi]

CHR HKLM\...\Chrome\Extension: [olojcnagmcbplpdddabmpfehhlleobpb]

CHR HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\SOFTWARE\Google\Chrome\Extensions\...\Chrome\Extension: [jgfblpnggnjhmdbidfmoidoglbcbnfoi]

CHR HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\SOFTWARE\Google\Chrome\Extensions\...\Chrome\Extension: [olojcnagmcbplpdddabmpfehhlleobpb]

CHR HKLM-x32\...\Chrome\Extension: [jgfblpnggnjhmdbidfmoidoglbcbnfoi]

CHR HKLM-x32\...\Chrome\Extension: [olojcnagmcbplpdddabmpfehhlleobpb]

 

Yandex: 

=======

YAN Profile: C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Yandex\YandexBrowser\User Data\Default [2021-04-25]

 

==================== Services (Whitelisted) ===================

 

(If an entry is included in the fixlist, it will be removed from the registry. The file will not be moved unless listed separately.)

 

R2 AdAppMgrSvc; C:\Program Files (x86)\Autodesk\Autodesk Desktop App\AdAppMgrSvc.exe [1364904 2018-01-11] (Autodesk, Inc. -> Autodesk Inc.)

R2 AdobeARMservice; C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Adobe\ARM\1.0\armsvc.exe [65432 2014-05-08] (Adobe Systems, Incorporated -> Adobe Systems Incorporated)

R2 AGMService; C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Adobe\AdobeGCClient\AGMService.exe [3780296 2021-02-17] (Adobe Inc. -> Adobe Systems, Incorporated)

R2 AGSService; C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Adobe\AdobeGCClient\AGSService.exe [3548360 2021-02-17] (Adobe Inc. -> Adobe Systems, Incorporated)

R2 Apple Mobile Device Service; C:\Program Files\Common Files\Apple\Mobile Device Support\AppleMobileDeviceService.exe [96056 2019-10-07] (Apple Inc. -> Apple Inc.)

R2 bdredline; C:\Program Files\Bitdefender Antivirus Free\bdredline.exe [2461792 2021-04-07] (Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender)

S2 ccleaner; C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Update\CCleanerBrowserUpdate.exe [200928 2021-03-25] (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software)

S3 CCleanerBrowserElevationService; C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Application\90.0.9199.75\elevation_service.exe [1396952 2021-04-15] (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software)

S3 ccleanerm; C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Update\CCleanerBrowserUpdate.exe [200928 2021-03-25] (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software)

R2 ClickToRunSvc; C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\ClickToRun\OfficeClickToRun.exe [8788392 2021-04-09] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

S2 dbupdate; C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Update\DropboxUpdate.exe [143144 2017-07-11] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

S3 dbupdatem; C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Update\DropboxUpdate.exe [143144 2017-07-11] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

R2 DbxSvc; C:\WINDOWS\system32\DbxSvc.exe [44272 2021-04-12] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

S3 DgnIndexingService; C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Bentley Shared\Dgn  Index Service\DgnIndexServer.exe [137728 2012-04-13] (Bentley Systems Inc.) [File not signed]

R2 Epson PMAService A; C:\Program Files (x86)\Epson Software\PMA_A\PMAService.exe [113144 2017-03-28] (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION -> Seiko Epson Corporation)

R2 EpsonScanSvc; C:\WINDOWS\system32\EscSvc64.exe [144560 2012-05-17] (SEIKO EPSON Corporation -> Seiko Epson Corporation)

R2 Flexlm Service 1; C:\Autodesk\Network License Manager\lmgrd.exe [1797096 2017-12-12] (Flexera Software LLC -> Flexera Software LLC)

R2 HP Comm Recover; C:\Program Files\HPCommRecovery\HPCommRecovery.exe [1309184 2016-10-07] (HP Inc.) [File not signed]

R2 HP Orbit Service; C:\Program Files\HP\HP Orbit Service\HPOrbitService.exe [3421616 2017-06-20] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

R2 HPJumpStartBridge; C:\Program Files (x86)\HP\HP JumpStart Bridge\HPJumpStartBridge.exe [471040 2017-05-23] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

R3 hpqcaslwmiex; C:\Program Files (x86)\HP\Shared\hpqwmiex.exe [1031704 2016-06-04] (Hewlett-Packard Company -> HP)

R2 HPSupportSolutionsFrameworkService; C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Solutions\HPSupportSolutionsFrameworkService.exe [379736 2020-08-20] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

R2 HPTouchpointAnalyticsService; C:\Program Files\HP\HP Touchpoint Analytics Client\TouchpointAnalyticsClientService.exe [332216 2017-11-21] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

R2 HPWMISVC; c:\Program Files (x86)\HP\HP System Event\HPWMISVC.exe [631800 2016-06-20] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

R2 MSSQL$TEW_SQLEXPRESS; C:\ProgramData\SOLIDWORKS Electrical\MSSQL12.TEW_SQLEXPRESS\MSSQL\Binn\sqlservr.exe [372416 2015-04-21] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

S3 MySQL80; C:\Program Files\MySQL\MySQL Server 8.0\bin\mysqld.exe [44656128 2019-01-26] () [File not signed]

S3 OpcEnum; C:\WINDOWS\SysWOW64\OpcEnum.exe [146432 2015-06-30] (OPC Foundation) [File not signed]

R2 ProductAgentService; C:\Program Files\Bitdefender Agent\ProductAgentService.exe [1358248 2021-01-29] (Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender)

R2 SolidWorks Flexnet Server; C:\DS.SolidWorks.2019.SP5.0.Premium\DS.SolidWorks.2019.SP5.0.Premium\_SolidSQUAD_\SolidWorks_Flexnet_Server\lmgrd.exe [1393128 2018-09-21] (Flexera Software LLC -> Flexera Software LLC)

S4 SQLAgent$TEW_SQLEXPRESS; C:\ProgramData\SOLIDWORKS Electrical\MSSQL12.TEW_SQLEXPRESS\MSSQL\Binn\SQLAGENT.EXE [613056 2015-04-21] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

R2 TechSmith Uploader Service; C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\TechSmith Shared\Uploader\UploaderService.exe [3661096 2015-09-14] (TechSmith Corporation -> TechSmith Corporation)

R2 updatesrv; C:\Program Files\Bitdefender Antivirus Free\updatesrv.exe [236128 2021-04-07] (Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender)

R2 vsserv; C:\Program Files\Bitdefender Antivirus Free\vsserv.exe [559200 2021-04-07] (Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender)

R2 vsservppl; C:\Program Files\Bitdefender Antivirus Free\vsservppl.exe [240352 2021-04-07] (Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender)

R2 WCAssistantService; C:\Program Files (x86)\Lavasoft\Web Companion\Application\Lavasoft.WCAssistant.WinService.exe [28136 2021-03-01] (LAVASOFT SOFTWARE CANADA INC -> )

S3 WdNisSvc; C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows Defender\platform\4.18.1911.3-0\NisSrv.exe [3206472 2020-01-07] (Microsoft Windows Publisher -> Microsoft Corporation)

S3 WinDefend; C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows Defender\platform\4.18.1911.3-0\MsMpEng.exe [103376 2020-01-07] (Microsoft Windows Publisher -> Microsoft Corporation)

R2 WsAppService3; C:\Program Files (x86)\Wondershare\WAF3\3.0.0.308\WsAppService3.exe [83232 2019-07-09] (Wondershare Technology Co.,Ltd -> Wondershare)

R2 WsDrvInst; C:\Program Files (x86)\Wondershare\dr.fone\Library\DriverInstaller\DriverInstall.exe [130336 2019-09-02] (Wondershare Technology Co.,Ltd -> Wondershare)

 

===================== Drivers (Whitelisted) ===================

 

(If an entry is included in the fixlist, it will be removed from the registry. The file will not be moved unless listed separately.)

 

S3 aftap0901; C:\WINDOWS\System32\drivers\aftap0901.sys [48624 2018-03-06] (AnchorFree Inc -> The OpenVPN Project)

R1 atc; C:\WINDOWS\System32\DRIVERS\atc.sys [2718744 2021-02-26] (Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender S.R.L. Bucharest, ROMANIA)

R2 BdDci; C:\WINDOWS\system32\DRIVERS\bddci.sys [802976 2021-01-03] (Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender)

S0 bdelam; C:\WINDOWS\System32\drivers\bdelam.sys [22976 2021-04-07] (Microsoft Windows Early Launch Anti-malware Publisher -> Bitdefender)

S3 BthA2dp; C:\WINDOWS\System32\drivers\BthA2dp.sys [279040 2019-12-07] (Microsoft Corporation) [File not signed]

S3 edrsensor; C:\WINDOWS\System32\DRIVERS\edrsensor.sys [309120 2020-02-25] (Bitdefender SRL -> BitDefender S.R.L. Bucharest, ROMANIA)

R1 Gemma; C:\WINDOWS\System32\DRIVERS\Gemma.sys [488592 2021-02-26] (Bitdefender SRL -> BitDefender S.R.L. Bucharest, ROMANIA)

R3 HpqKbFiltr; C:\WINDOWS\System32\drivers\HpqKbFiltr64.sys [37112 2015-06-17] (Hewlett-Packard Company -> Hewlett-Packard Company)

R1 ISODrive; C:\Program Files (x86)\UltraISO\drivers\ISODrv64.sys [115448 2013-11-21] (SHENZHEN YIBO DIGITAL SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT CO. LTD. -> EZB Systems, Inc.)

S3 Netwtw04; C:\WINDOWS\System32\drivers\Netwtw04.sys [7218176 2017-03-18] (Intel Corporation) [File not signed]

R0 pwdrvio; C:\WINDOWS\System32\pwdrvio.sys [19152 2013-09-30] (MiniTool Solution Ltd -> )

S3 pwdspio; C:\WINDOWS\system32\pwdspio.sys [12504 2013-09-30] (MiniTool Solution Ltd -> )

S4 RsFx0310; C:\WINDOWS\System32\DRIVERS\RsFx0310.sys [249024 2015-04-21] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

S3 RtkUsbAD; C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\RtUsbA64.sys [126712 2016-12-10] (Realtek Semiconductor Corp -> Realtek Semiconductor Corp.)

R3 ScpVBus; C:\WINDOWS\System32\drivers\ScpVBus.sys [39168 2013-05-05] (Bruce James -> Scarlet.Crush Productions)

R0 secnvme; C:\WINDOWS\System32\drivers\secnvme.sys [132584 2017-10-13] (Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. -> Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd)

S3 ssudmdm; C:\WINDOWS\system32\DRIVERS\ssudmdm.sys [166760 2020-04-24] (Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. -> Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.)

R3 tap0901; C:\WINDOWS\System32\drivers\tap0901.sys [27136 2016-04-21] (OpenVPN Technologies, Inc. -> The OpenVPN Project)

R2 trufos; C:\WINDOWS\System32\drivers\trufos.sys [641728 2021-03-10] (Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender)

S3 USBAAPL64; C:\WINDOWS\System32\Drivers\usbaapl64.sys [54784 2015-06-17] (Microsoft Windows Hardware Compatibility Publisher -> Apple, Inc.)

R0 vlflt; C:\WINDOWS\System32\DRIVERS\vlflt.sys [386800 2021-01-03] (Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender)

S3 WdBoot; C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\wd\WdBoot.sys [45664 2020-01-07] (Microsoft Windows Early Launch Anti-malware Publisher -> Microsoft Corporation)

S3 WdFilter; C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\wd\WdFilter.sys [355760 2020-01-07] (Microsoft Windows -> Microsoft Corporation)

S3 WdNisDrv; C:\WINDOWS\System32\drivers\wd\WdNisDrv.sys [54192 2020-01-07] (Microsoft Windows -> Microsoft Corporation)

R3 WirelessButtonDriver64; C:\WINDOWS\System32\drivers\WirelessButtonDriver64.sys [35392 2020-06-08] (HP Inc. -> HP)

R1 ZAM_Guard; C:\Windows\System32\drivers\zamguard64.sys [203680 2017-08-09] (Zemana Ltd. -> Zemana Ltd.)

 

==================== NetSvcs (Whitelisted) ===================

 

(If an entry is included in the fixlist, it will be removed from the registry. The file will not be moved unless listed separately.)

 

 

==================== One month (created) (Whitelisted) =========

 

(If an entry is included in the fixlist, the file/folder will be moved.)

 

2021-04-29 04:01 - 2021-04-29 04:02 - 000051359 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\FRST.txt

2021-04-29 04:00 - 2021-04-29 04:01 - 000000000 ____D C:\FRST

2021-04-29 04:00 - 2021-04-29 04:00 - 002298368 _____ (Farbar) C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\FRST64.exe

2021-04-26 13:29 - 2021-04-26 13:29 - 001388448 _____ C:\Users\Public\VOIP.dat

2021-04-26 13:28 - 2021-04-26 13:28 - 000000000 ___HD C:\ProgramData\temp

2021-04-26 13:08 - 2021-04-26 13:08 - 000003386 _____ C:\WINDOWS\system32\Tasks\MicrosoftEdgeUpdateTaskMachineCore1d71953e40bd1b6

2021-04-25 17:26 - 2021-04-25 22:52 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\Desktop\EXPORTED PHOTO

2021-04-25 17:19 - 2021-04-25 17:19 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\Documents\Adobe

2021-04-25 17:08 - 2019-10-22 16:51 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\Desktop\Setup (Pre-activated)

2021-04-25 17:01 - 2021-04-25 17:05 - 1127595928 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\Adobe.Lightroom.Classic.2020_9.0.0.10 x64.rar

2021-04-25 16:29 - 2021-04-25 16:36 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\Desktop\GRAD PHOTO

2021-04-25 09:29 - 2020-09-10 08:22 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\Desktop\Adobe_Photoshop_Lightroom_Classic_2021_v10.0

2021-04-25 09:12 - 2021-04-25 09:26 - 1230532300 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\_Getintopc.com_Adobe_Photoshop_Lightroom_Classic_2021_v10.0.rar

2021-04-23 04:06 - 2020-07-15 18:36 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\Adobe_Photoshop_Lightroom_3.2.0_x64

2021-04-23 04:01 - 2021-04-23 04:01 - 006511223 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\_Getintopc.com_Adobe_Photoshop_Lightroom_2020 (4).mp4

2021-04-23 03:56 - 2021-04-23 03:56 - 006511223 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\_Getintopc.com_Adobe_Photoshop_Lightroom_2020 (3).mp4

2021-04-23 03:55 - 2021-04-23 03:55 - 006511223 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\_Getintopc.com_Adobe_Photoshop_Lightroom_2020 (2).mp4

2021-04-23 03:54 - 2021-04-23 03:55 - 006511223 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\_Getintopc.com_Adobe_Photoshop_Lightroom_2020.mp4

2021-04-23 03:54 - 2021-04-23 03:55 - 006511223 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\_Getintopc.com_Adobe_Photoshop_Lightroom_2020 (1).mp4

2021-04-23 03:50 - 2021-04-23 03:55 - 740640100 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\_Getintopc.com_Adobe_Photoshop_Lightroom_3.2.0_x64.rar

2021-04-17 20:22 - 2021-04-17 20:22 - 001823304 _____ (Microsoft Corporation) C:\WINDOWS\system32\winload.efi

2021-04-17 20:22 - 2021-04-17 20:22 - 000011357 _____ C:\WINDOWS\system32\DrtmAuthTxt.wim

2021-04-17 20:21 - 2021-04-17 20:21 - 000231248 _____ C:\WINDOWS\system32\containerdevicemanagement.dll

2021-04-17 19:01 - 2021-04-17 19:01 - 000189929 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\SSRN-id947372.pdf

2021-04-17 17:35 - 2021-04-17 17:35 - 000167085 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\2013Prange-EncyclopediaMultinationals.pdf

2021-04-17 17:33 - 2021-04-17 17:33 - 000046277 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\Multinational_Corporations_-_A_Study_ (1).pdf

2021-04-17 17:32 - 2021-04-17 17:32 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\system32\Tasks\Mozilla

2021-04-17 17:30 - 2021-04-17 17:30 - 000046277 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\Multinational_Corporations_-_A_Study_

2021-04-17 17:25 - 2021-04-17 17:25 - 000106519 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Desktop\Group Problem Set-2-Alt.pdf

2021-04-16 16:17 - 2021-04-16 16:17 - 000011734 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\recently-used.xbel

2021-04-16 15:14 - 2021-04-16 15:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Dropbox

2021-04-12 05:51 - 2021-04-12 05:51 - 000047600 _____ (Dropbox, Inc.) C:\WINDOWS\system32\Drivers\dbx-stable.sys

2021-04-12 05:51 - 2021-04-12 05:51 - 000047600 _____ (Dropbox, Inc.) C:\WINDOWS\system32\Drivers\dbx-dev.sys

2021-04-12 05:51 - 2021-04-12 05:51 - 000047600 _____ (Dropbox, Inc.) C:\WINDOWS\system32\Drivers\dbx-canary.sys

2021-04-12 05:51 - 2021-04-12 05:51 - 000044272 _____ (Dropbox, Inc.) C:\WINDOWS\system32\DbxSvc.exe

2021-04-03 08:19 - 2021-04-03 08:19 - 000601209 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\Asset_Turnover_Capital_Structure_and_Financial_Per.pdf

2021-04-03 07:16 - 2021-04-03 07:16 - 000122902 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Desktop\BA62070H420_ Submit Group Project Part III (Read Instructions)_ Due last day of Module 6.pdf

2021-04-02 19:13 - 2021-04-02 19:13 - 000768804 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\LearnPythonTheHardWay2ndEdition.pdf

 

==================== One month (modified) ==================

 

(If an entry is included in the fixlist, the file/folder will be moved.)

 

2021-04-29 04:03 - 2018-12-31 15:18 - 000196926 _____ C:\WINDOWS\ZAM_Guard.krnl.trace

2021-04-29 04:03 - 2017-08-11 19:03 - 000000000 ____D C:\Program Files\Bitdefender Antivirus Free

2021-04-29 04:01 - 2021-03-14 23:34 - 000004172 _____ C:\WINDOWS\system32\Tasks\User_Feed_Synchronization-{12BE31AC-5AB4-49CE-B9C0-3BD21CFAC1AE}

2021-04-29 03:59 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\AppReadiness

2021-04-29 03:58 - 2021-03-14 23:24 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\system32\SleepStudy

2021-04-29 03:58 - 2020-01-26 19:44 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\WhatsApp

2021-04-29 03:58 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\system32\WinBioDatabase

2021-04-29 03:58 - 2017-06-17 20:24 - 000000000 ___RD C:\Users\NewUser\OneDrive

2021-04-28 22:05 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\ProgramData\regid.1991-06.com.microsoft

2021-04-28 21:54 - 2021-03-25 17:10 - 000002387 _____ C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\CCleaner Browser.lnk

2021-04-28 21:54 - 2021-03-25 17:10 - 000002352 _____ C:\Users\Public\Desktop\CCleaner Browser.lnk

2021-04-28 21:54 - 2021-03-25 17:10 - 000002352 _____ C:\ProgramData\Desktop\CCleaner Browser.lnk

2021-04-28 21:54 - 2021-03-25 17:10 - 000000000 ____D C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser

2021-04-28 21:54 - 2020-07-01 09:07 - 000002438 _____ C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Microsoft Edge.lnk

2021-04-28 21:54 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ___HD C:\Program Files\WindowsApps

2021-04-28 21:52 - 2020-02-17 00:24 - 000000000 ____D C:\Program Files\CCleaner

2021-04-28 21:52 - 2019-11-10 09:57 - 000000000 ___HD C:\Users\Public\Documents\AdobeGCData

2021-04-28 21:52 - 2019-11-10 09:57 - 000000000 ___HD C:\ProgramData\Documents\AdobeGCData

2021-04-26 20:30 - 2020-01-08 11:32 - 000002301 _____ C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Google Chrome.lnk

2021-04-26 20:23 - 2020-04-04 15:02 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\PlaceholderTileLogoFolder

2021-04-26 20:11 - 2021-03-14 23:28 - 000983032 _____ C:\WINDOWS\system32\PerfStringBackup.INI

2021-04-26 20:11 - 2019-12-07 04:13 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\INF

2021-04-26 20:06 - 2018-11-04 14:17 - 000000000 ____D C:\ProgramData\FNP_DIR

2021-04-26 13:28 - 2021-03-14 23:34 - 000000006 ____H C:\WINDOWS\Tasks\SA.DAT

2021-04-26 13:28 - 2021-03-14 23:24 - 000008192 ___SH C:\DumpStack.log.tmp

2021-04-26 13:28 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\ServiceState

2021-04-26 13:28 - 2019-12-07 04:03 - 000786432 _____ C:\WINDOWS\system32\config\BBI

2021-04-26 13:17 - 2017-08-07 23:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office

2021-04-26 13:08 - 2021-03-14 23:34 - 000003480 _____ C:\WINDOWS\system32\Tasks\MicrosoftEdgeUpdateTaskMachineUA

2021-04-26 08:01 - 2021-03-14 23:34 - 000004210 _____ C:\WINDOWS\system32\Tasks\CCleaner Update

2021-04-25 23:31 - 2021-03-14 23:24 - 000625448 _____ C:\WINDOWS\system32\FNTCACHE.DAT

2021-04-25 22:31 - 2019-05-16 11:11 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\SolidWorks

2021-04-25 22:29 - 2019-05-17 20:06 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\Public\Documents\SOLIDWORKS

2021-04-25 22:29 - 2019-05-17 20:06 - 000000000 ____D C:\ProgramData\SOLIDWORKS

2021-04-25 22:29 - 2019-05-17 20:06 - 000000000 ____D C:\ProgramData\Documents\SOLIDWORKS

2021-04-25 22:13 - 2019-05-16 11:20 - 000000000 ____D C:\ProgramData\SOLIDWORKS Electrical

2021-04-25 21:46 - 2018-11-03 14:31 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\Documents\SOLIDWORKS Downloads

2021-04-25 21:32 - 2021-03-14 23:26 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser

2021-04-25 17:19 - 2017-06-17 23:22 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\Adobe

2021-04-25 17:15 - 2019-01-12 14:13 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\D3DSCache

2021-04-25 17:11 - 2017-07-07 22:24 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Adobe

2021-04-25 17:09 - 2020-02-15 04:25 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\PDFCreator

2021-04-25 17:09 - 2020-02-15 04:25 - 000000000 ____D C:\Program Files\PDFCreator

2021-04-25 16:44 - 2021-03-12 20:06 - 000000000 ___DC C:\WINDOWS\Panther

2021-04-25 16:44 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\LiveKernelReports

2021-04-25 16:44 - 2019-05-17 20:12 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\CrashDumps

2021-04-25 16:17 - 2017-06-17 20:46 - 000000000 ____D C:\ProgramData\Package Cache

2021-04-25 09:03 - 2021-03-14 23:34 - 000003372 _____ C:\WINDOWS\system32\Tasks\OneDrive Standalone Update Task-S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001

2021-04-25 09:03 - 2021-03-14 23:26 - 000002373 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\OneDrive.lnk

2021-04-23 04:15 - 2017-07-13 21:44 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\vlc

2021-04-23 04:06 - 2017-07-07 22:25 - 000000000 ____D C:\ProgramData\Adobe

2021-04-22 19:10 - 2020-01-26 19:43 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\WhatsApp

2021-04-22 19:10 - 2020-01-26 19:43 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\SquirrelTemp

2021-04-21 22:16 - 2020-09-30 22:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\Program Files\Microsoft Update Health Tools

2021-04-21 22:14 - 2021-03-14 23:34 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\system32\Tasks\Hewlett-Packard

2021-04-21 22:13 - 2019-12-07 04:03 - 000065536 _____ C:\WINDOWS\system32\config\ELAM

2021-04-21 22:12 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ___SD C:\WINDOWS\system32\DiagSvcs

2021-04-21 22:12 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ___RD C:\WINDOWS\ImmersiveControlPanel

2021-04-21 22:12 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\SystemResources

2021-04-21 22:12 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\system32\setup

2021-04-21 22:12 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\system32\oobe

2021-04-21 22:12 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\system32\lv-LV

2021-04-21 22:12 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\system32\lt-LT

2021-04-21 22:12 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\system32\et-EE

2021-04-21 22:12 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\system32\es-MX

2021-04-21 22:12 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\Provisioning

2021-04-21 22:12 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\PolicyDefinitions

2021-04-21 22:12 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\bcastdvr

2021-04-21 22:12 - 2017-08-09 20:50 - 000000000 ____D C:\Program Files\Mozilla Firefox

2021-04-21 22:11 - 2021-03-28 22:36 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\GitHub Desktop

2021-04-21 20:22 - 2017-06-17 23:22 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Packages

2021-04-21 19:24 - 2021-03-14 23:34 - 000003418 _____ C:\WINDOWS\system32\Tasks\GoogleUpdateTaskMachineUA

2021-04-21 19:24 - 2021-03-14 23:34 - 000003294 _____ C:\WINDOWS\system32\Tasks\GoogleUpdateTaskMachineCore

2021-04-17 20:25 - 2019-12-07 04:03 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\servicing

2021-04-17 20:25 - 2019-12-07 04:03 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\CbsTemp

2021-04-17 20:21 - 2021-03-14 23:24 - 002877440 _____ (Microsoft Corporation) C:\WINDOWS\SysWOW64\PrintConfig.dll

2021-04-17 20:12 - 2017-06-17 20:32 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\system32\MRT

2021-04-17 20:07 - 2017-06-17 20:32 - 131963968 ____C (Microsoft Corporation) C:\WINDOWS\system32\MRT.exe

2021-04-17 17:33 - 2019-02-04 22:43 - 000000000 ____D C:\ProgramData\Mozilla

2021-04-17 17:33 - 2017-08-05 00:22 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\LocalLow\Mozilla

2021-04-17 17:32 - 2017-08-05 00:22 - 000001005 _____ C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Firefox.lnk

2021-04-16 16:38 - 2021-03-29 13:37 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\Desktop\python_works

2021-04-16 16:17 - 2021-03-29 13:40 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\gtk-2.0

2021-04-16 15:14 - 2017-07-11 19:26 - 000000000 ____D C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox

2021-04-14 13:03 - 2017-08-04 23:12 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\ElevatedDiagnostics

2021-04-07 22:18 - 2018-12-31 16:46 - 000022976 _____ (Bitdefender) C:\WINDOWS\system32\Drivers\bdelam.sys

2021-03-31 08:59 - 2021-03-28 22:36 - 000002365 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Desktop\GitHub Desktop.lnk

2021-03-31 08:59 - 2021-03-28 22:36 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\GitHub, Inc

2021-03-31 08:58 - 2021-03-28 22:36 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\GitHubDesktop

 

==================== Files in the root of some directories ========

 

2021-04-26 13:29 - 2021-04-26 13:29 - 001388448 _____ () C:\Users\Public\VOIP.dat

2018-09-24 09:13 - 2016-04-26 11:33 - 000102912 _____ (Microsoft Corporation) C:\Program Files (x86)\clipbrd.exe

2017-12-02 12:27 - 2017-12-05 15:09 - 000011264 _____ () C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\DCBC2A71-70D8-4DAN-EHR8-E0D61DEA3FDF.ini

2019-11-13 12:09 - 2019-11-13 12:09 - 000000000 _____ () C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\oobelibMkey.log

2021-04-16 16:17 - 2021-04-16 16:17 - 000011734 _____ () C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\recently-used.xbel

2018-07-21 10:00 - 2019-02-05 11:21 - 001035264 _____ () C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\WebpageIcons.db

 

==================== SigCheck ============================

 

(There is no automatic fix for files that do not pass verification.)

 

==================== End of FRST.txt ========================

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional scan result of Farbar Recovery Scan Tool (x64) Version: 28-04-2021

Ran by Akintola (29-04-2021 04:05:27)

Running from C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads

Windows 10 Home Version 20H2 19042.928 (X64) (2021-03-15 04:35:07)

Boot Mode: Normal

==========================================================

 

 

==================== Accounts: =============================

 

Administrator (S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-500 - Administrator - Disabled)

Akintola (S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001 - Administrator - Enabled) => C:\Users\NewUser

DefaultAccount (S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-503 - Limited - Disabled)

Guest (S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-501 - Limited - Disabled)

Nity47 (S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1004 - Limited - Enabled) => C:\Users\Nity47

WDAGUtilityAccount (S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-504 - Limited - Disabled)

 

==================== Security Center ========================

 

(If an entry is included in the fixlist, it will be removed.)

 

AV: Bitdefender Antivirus Free Antimalware (Enabled - Out of date) {EA21BCE8-A461-99C3-3A0D-4C964E75494E}

AV: Bitdefender Antivirus Free Antimalware (Enabled - Up to date) {BAD274F4-FA00-8560-1CDE-6C830442BEFA}

AV: Windows Defender (Disabled - Up to date) {D68DDC3A-831F-4fae-9E44-DA132C1ACF46}

AS: Bitdefender Antivirus Free Antimalware (Enabled - Up to date) {51405D0C-825B-964D-00BD-77E435F203F3}

AS: Windows Defender (Disabled - Up to date) {D68DDC3A-831F-4fae-9E44-DA132C1ACF46}

 

==================== Installed Programs ======================

 

(Only the adware programs with "Hidden" flag could be added to the fixlist to unhide them. The adware programs should be uninstalled manually.)

 

7-Zip 18.05 (x64) (HKLM\...\7-Zip) (Version: 18.05 - Igor Pavlov)

Adobe Genuine Service (HKLM-x32\...\AdobeGenuineService) (Version:  - Adobe)

Adobe Reader XI (11.0.07) (HKLM-x32\...\{AC76BA86-7AD7-1033-7B44-AB0000000001}) (Version: 11.0.07 - Adobe Systems Incorporated)

Amazon Redshift ODBC Driver 64-bit (HKLM\...\{960BF695-03D5-48CF-9DC2-6AC5800C4FBE}) (Version: 1.4.10.1000 - Amazon Web Services, Inc.)

Anaconda3 2020.02 (Python 3.7.6 64-bit) (HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\...\Anaconda3 2020.02 (Python 3.7.6 64-bit)) (Version: 2020.02 - Anaconda, Inc.)

Apple Application Support (32-bit) (HKLM-x32\...\{C3A282C9-4C8B-4A63-B449-3A064FB378D7}) (Version: 8.2 - Apple Inc.)

Apple Application Support (64-bit) (HKLM\...\{CC046FB9-E84E-4092-B924-DBE33DA2BE75}) (Version: 8.2 - Apple Inc.)

Apple Mobile Device Support (HKLM\...\{45DDDFED-AABC-450C-B49C-5B4A5E547F5B}) (Version: 13.0.0.38 - Apple Inc.)

Apple Software Update (HKLM-x32\...\{A3985C05-7386-411F-A4BF-32A73F37EB44}) (Version: 2.6.3.1 - Apple Inc.)

Atmel Touchscreen Power Management Settings (HKLM-x32\...\{C82B142B-8E21-4348-A75B-5637DD7D5C43}) (Version: 1.7.0.2 - Atmel Corp)

AutoCAD 2019 - English (HKLM\...\{28B89EEF-2001-0409-2102-CF3F3A09B77D}) (Version: 23.0.46.0 - Autodesk) Hidden

Autodesk App Manager 2016-2019 (HKLM-x32\...\{C1BF29A7-2D9E-4E8D-A3C1-02F6B20B8AB7}) (Version: 2.5.0 - Autodesk)

Autodesk AutoCAD 2019 - English (HKLM\...\AutoCAD 2019 - English) (Version: 23.0.46.0 - Autodesk)

Autodesk AutoCAD 2019.0.1 Update (HKLM-x32\...\{f4f9ba0b-2001-0000-0102-f66cecbb6100}) (Version: 23.0.61.0 - Autodesk)

Autodesk AutoCAD Performance Feedback Tool 1.3.0 (HKLM-x32\...\{448BC38C-2654-48CD-BB43-F59A37854A3E}) (Version: 1.3.0.0 - Autodesk)

Autodesk Desktop App (HKLM-x32\...\Autodesk Desktop App) (Version: 7.0.8.78 - Autodesk)

Autodesk Featured Apps 2016-2019 (HKLM-x32\...\{79F5747D-A961-4CCD-88B0-41F004D79AEB}) (Version: 2.5.0 - Autodesk)

Autodesk Material Library 2019 (HKLM-x32\...\{8F69EE2C-DC34-4746-9B47-7511147BD4B0}) (Version: 17.11.3.0 - Autodesk)

Autodesk Material Library Base Resolution Image Library 2019 (HKLM-x32\...\{3AAA4C1B-51DA-487D-81A3-4234DBB9A8F9}) (Version: 17.11.3.0 - Autodesk)

Autodesk Network License Manager (HKLM\...\{4BE91685-1632-47FC-B563-A8A542C6664C}) (Version: 11.14.1.3 - Autodesk, Inc.)

Autodesk ReCap (HKLM\...\Autodesk ReCap 360) (Version: 5.0.0.40 - Autodesk)

Autodesk ReCap Photo (HKLM\...\Autodesk ReCap Photo) (Version: 19.0.0.38 - Autodesk)

Bandicam MPEG-1 Decoder (HKLM-x32\...\BandiMPEG1) (Version:  - Bandicam.com)

Bentley DGN IFilter (HKLM\...\{2E873893-A883-4C06-8308-7B491D58F3D6}) (Version: 1.0.1.11 - Bentley Systems, Incorporated)

Bentley DGN Index Service (HKLM-x32\...\{A753B088-3FCE-4F1C-BF92-8E6931DE261E}) (Version: 08.11.09030 - Bentley Systems, Incorporated)

Bentley DGN Preview Handler (HKLM-x32\...\{264B522D-1B7F-4AAF-A32B-55A6BF5679F2}) (Version: 8.11.8004 - Bentley Systems, Incorporated)

Bentley DGN Thumbnail Provider (HKLM\...\{74A8C1AF-75E5-4653-95AF-222725B7D877}) (Version: 8.11.7.411 - Bentley Systems, Incorporated)

Bentley DgnDb i-model Importer 1.5 x64 (HKLM\...\{A4F99FF8-18AF-45B4-AFB4-9266863B6CEE}) (Version: 01.05.02007.0 - Bentley Systems, Incorporated)

Bitdefender Agent (HKLM\...\Bitdefender Agent) (Version: 21.0.25.59 - Bitdefender)

Bitdefender Antivirus Free (HKLM\...\{1FCCF41D-5F00-4FE2-9653-162D0486C8B4}) (Version: 1.0.8.33 - Bitdefender)

Bonjour (HKLM\...\{56DDDFB8-7F79-4480-89D5-25E1F52AB28F}) (Version: 3.1.0.1 - Apple Inc.)

Canon MP250 series MP Drivers (HKLM\...\{1199FAD5-9546-44f3-81CF-FFDB8040B7BF}_Canon_MP250_series) (Version:  - )

CCleaner (HKLM\...\CCleaner) (Version: 5.78 - Piriform)

CCleaner Browser (HKLM-x32\...\CCleaner Browser) (Version: 90.0.9199.75 - Piriform Software)

CCleaner Update Helper (HKLM-x32\...\{A92DAB39-4E2C-4304-9AB6-BC44E68B55E2}) (Version: 1.8.1067.0 - Piriform Software) Hidden

Cryptographic Provider for Windows OS (HKLM-x32\...\{DAB78977-B639-47AF-87BC-F3FF3DC62998}) (Version: 1.3.1 - Intel Corporation) Hidden

Cryptographic Provider for Windows OS (HKLM-x32\...\{eda5f31b-27b4-4644-80b1-e7d0c03f935f}) (Version: 1.3.1 - Intel Corpration)

Dashlane (HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\...\Dashlane) (Version: 6.2052.0.42278 - Dashlane, Inc.)

DHTML Editing Component (HKLM-x32\...\{2EA870FA-585F-4187-903D-CB9FFD21E2E0}) (Version: 6.02.0002 - Microsoft Corporation)

dr.fone (Version 10.0.1) (HKLM-x32\...\{E8F86DA8-B8E4-42C7-AFD4-EBB692AC43FD}_is1) (Version: 10.0.1.54 - Wondershare Technology Co.,Ltd.)

Dropbox (HKLM-x32\...\Dropbox) (Version: 120.4.4598 - Dropbox, Inc.)

Dropbox Update Helper (HKLM-x32\...\{099218A5-A723-43DC-8DB5-6173656A1E94}) (Version: 1.3.415.1 - Dropbox, Inc.) Hidden

Epson Event Manager (HKLM-x32\...\{006C8256-3855-43BF-8BA5-4B4C40F41F71}) (Version: 3.10.0065 - Seiko Epson Corporation)

Epson FAX Utility (HKLM-x32\...\{0CBE6C93-CB2E-4378-91EE-12BE6D4E2E4A}) (Version: 2.02.00 - Seiko Epson Corporation)

Epson ReadyInk Agent (A) (HKLM-x32\...\{A9B4584F-A29E-4880-97E6-1744B4AF2AF8}) (Version: 1.0.1.0 - Seiko Epson Corporation)

EPSON Scan (HKLM-x32\...\EPSON Scanner) (Version:  - Seiko Epson Corporation)

EPSON WF-3620 Series Printer Uninstall (HKLM\...\EPSON WF-3620 Series) (Version:  - SEIKO EPSON Corporation)

EpsonNet Print (HKLM\...\{96ED1D58-440C-4345-8FEE-C4781366C67F}) (Version: 3.1.4.0 - SEIKO EPSON Corporation)

Evernote v. 5 (HKLM-x32\...\{2CA0EBC0-EFD5-11E2-A563-984BE15F174E}) (Version: 5.0.0.782 - Evernote Corp.)

FARO LS 1.1.700.0 (64bit) (HKLM-x32\...\{FF6E9382-0B85-48DE-888F-76EFD9A87038}) (Version: 7.0.0.23 - FARO Scanner Production)

File Recover 8.0 (HKLM-x32\...\File Recover_is1) (Version: 8.0 - PC Tools)

FlexSim 2019 (HKLM\...\{4863CDAF-5CBB-4EDC-90D7-5E1CFF380241}) (Version: 19.0.0 - FlexSim Software Products Inc.) Hidden

FlexSim 2019 (HKLM-x32\...\{d350cfe8-8c55-490b-8e08-c771b1461cf9}) (Version: 19.0.0 - FlexSim Software Products, Inc.)

FoneLab 10.1.8 (HKLM-x32\...\{CA7ED0B0-3CD4-4254-A9D2-2D7F78C5E3C5}_is1) (Version: 10.1.8 - Aiseesoft Studio)

Free PDF to Word Converter 5.1.0.383 (HKLM\...\Free PDF to Word Converter_is1) (Version: 5.1.0.383 - Smart Soft)

GDAL 202 (MSVC 2017 Win64) (HKLM\...\{7A44ED8D-2F6E-4205-831F-E762FFE2B84A}) (Version: 1.0.0.0 - OSGeo)

Geany 1.37.1 (HKLM-x32\...\Geany) (Version: 1.37.1 - The Geany developer team)

GetFLV 18.5866.556 (HKLM-x32\...\GetFLV_is1) (Version:  - GetFLV, Inc.)

Git version 2.27.0 (HKLM\...\Git_is1) (Version: 2.27.0 - The Git Development Community)

GitHub Desktop (HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\...\GitHubDesktop) (Version: 2.7.1 - GitHub, Inc.)

Google Chrome (HKLM-x32\...\Google Chrome) (Version: 90.0.4430.93 - Google LLC)

Google Earth Pro (HKLM-x32\...\{44FC61F0-2F8A-11E3-8CAE-B8AC6F97B88E}) (Version: 7.1.2.2041 - Google)

Grammarly for Microsoft® Office Suite (HKLM\...\{835FB196-DDFC-43E4-BD57-5AFFC3A16852}) (Version: 6.6.122 - Grammarly) Hidden

Grammarly for Microsoft® Office Suite (HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\...\{f99e6651-3b4a-4605-8b18-9d281a864ccd}) (Version: 6.6.122 - Grammarly)

GraphPad Prism 8.0.2.263 (HKLM\...\{A19AE29D-4454-4B51-B818-C612E2635E7A}) (Version: 8.2.263 - GraphPad Software Inc.)

HDR Preview (HKLM\...\{9F7815C9-A323-4215-905C-73137D21BCC0}) (Version: 1.0.0.2 - Bentley Systems, Incorporated)

HP DeskJet 3700 series Basic Device Software (HKLM\...\{307EE3A5-A788-4D01-B615-ABAA728DFB57}) (Version: 40.12.1161.1896 - HP Inc.)

HP DeskJet 3700 series Help (HKLM-x32\...\{9D10BAEF-4767-46EC-8A40-A6E75D84432C}) (Version: 40.0.0 - HP)

HP Dropbox Plugin (HKLM-x32\...\{D12BC084-97D6-438A-AA7C-5962608D17A0}) (Version: 36.0.41.58587 - HP)

HP Google Drive Plugin (HKLM-x32\...\{BFA42100-DB54-467A-BB87-CF70732B4065}) (Version: 36.0.41.58587 - HP)

HP JumpStart Bridge (HKLM-x32\...\{EB0912FF-C311-4E0F-A6B1-420FDD3C295E}) (Version: 1.3.0.407 - HP Inc.)

HP JumpStart Launch (HKLM-x32\...\{B90CB0DE-2E60-41C4-9857-466EB98192BF}) (Version: 1.1.158.0 - HP Inc.)

HP Orbit (HKLM-x32\...\{82b971c1-85fa-4c53-ada1-4ec6be0c0c8a}) (Version: 3.5.171.271 - HP Inc.)

HP Photo Creations (HKLM-x32\...\HP Photo Creations) (Version: 1.0.0.9572 - HP)

HP Support Solutions Framework (HKLM-x32\...\{183BD477-774B-4700-B40B-EE43886E74D2}) (Version: 12.18.34.21 - HP Inc.)

HP Sure Connect (HKLM-x32\...\{6468C4A5-E47E-405F-B675-A70A70983EA6}) (Version: 1.0.0.29 - HP Inc.)

HP System Event Utility (HKLM-x32\...\{29E20347-C62F-4657-938E-876A182B67F1}) (Version: 1.4.14 - HP Inc.)

HP Touchpoint Analytics Client (HKLM\...\{E5FB98E0-0784-44F0-8CEC-95CD4690C43F}) (Version: 4.0.2.1439 - HP Inc.)

iMobie PhoneRescue version 3.7.0.20190214 (HKLM-x32\...\iMobie PhoneRescue_is1) (Version: 3.7.0.20190214 - iMobie)

i-model ODBC Driver for Windows 7 (HKLM-x32\...\{775616F7-2D4C-4D73-8773-A66C0BCECB38}) (Version: 01.01.00019 - Bentley Systems, Incorporated)

i-model ODBC Driver for Windows 7 (x64) (HKLM\...\{454AD0FD-21D2-4E73-99E9-A40CAC75A636}) (Version: 01.01.00019 - Bentley Systems, Incorporated)

iMyFone LockWiper (Android) 4.6.0.4 (HKLM-x32\...\{0F343D46-A0BF-4957-B808-9003FA32A2B6}_is1) (Version: 4.6.0.4 - Shenzhen iMyFone Technology Co., Ltd.)

iMyFone LockWiper 6.1.0.0 (HKLM-x32\...\{DD52596D-78A1-4101-ABFA-FDED8EBFAFE3}_is1) (Version: 6.1.0.0 - Shenzhen iMyFone Technology Co., Ltd.)

Intel® Chipset Device Software (HKLM-x32\...\{bb0592a7-5772-4736-9d55-2402740085db}) (Version: 10.1.1.38 - Intel® Corporation) Hidden

Intel® Dynamic Platform and Thermal Framework (HKLM-x32\...\{654EE65D-FAA4-4EA6-8C07-DC94E6A304D4}) (Version: 8.2.11000.2996 - Intel Corporation)

Intel® Management Engine Components (HKLM\...\{1CEAC85D-2590-4760-800F-8DE5E91F3700}) (Version: 11.7.0.1054 - Intel Corporation)

Intel® Processor Graphics (HKLM-x32\...\{F0E3AD40-2BBD-4360-9C76-B9AC9A5886EA}) (Version: 23.20.16.5018 - Intel Corporation)

Intel® Serial IO (HKLM\...\{9FD91C5C-44AE-4D9D-85BE-AE52816B0294}) (Version: 30.100.1633.3 - Intel Corporation)

Intel® Trusted Connect Service Client x86 (HKLM-x32\...\{C9552825-7BF2-4344-BA91-D3CD46F4C441}) (Version: 1.47.866.0 - Intel Corporation) Hidden

Intel® Trusted Connect Services Client (HKLM-x32\...\{246c6cc0-9810-4728-9a29-28474de2eec5}) (Version: 1.47.866.0 - Intel Corporation) Hidden

Intel® Virtual Buttons (HKLM-x32\...\1992736F-C90A-481C-B21B-EE34CAD07387) (Version: 1.1.0.21 - Intel Corporation)

Intel® Wireless Bluetooth® (HKLM-x32\...\{7FADF1ED-241A-4F82-B8FD-19BD0A82FFA0}) (Version: 19.11.1639.0649 - Intel Corporation)

Intel® Integrated Sensor Solution (HKLM-x32\...\{b3782b53-1b6c-436a-b0f0-f65d83ae74d9}) (Version: 3.0.30.1119 - Intel Corporation)

Intel® PROSet/Wireless Software (HKLM-x32\...\{f8c930bd-0a68-425f-8c11-87723d1e2c97}) (Version: 20.90.0 - Intel Corporation)

ISS_Drivers_x64 (HKLM\...\{6F91DCD1-30DB-449C-AE79-6948BEB15825}) (Version: 3.0.30.1119 - Intel Corporation) Hidden

Java 8 Update 201 (HKLM-x32\...\{26A24AE4-039D-4CA4-87B4-2F32180201F0}) (Version: 8.0.2010.9 - Oracle Corporation)

JetBrains PyCharm Community Edition 2018.3.2 (HKLM-x32\...\PyCharm Community Edition 2018.3.2) (Version: 183.4886.43 - JetBrains s.r.o.)

LockHunter 3.3, 32/64 bit (HKLM\...\LockHunter_is1) (Version:  - Crystal Rich Ltd)

MEGA-X version 10.1.8 (HKLM-x32\...\{A0000B39-6F7D-4A5A-95D4-47B44B658854}_is1) (Version: 10.1.8 - iGEM)

Microsoft Edge (HKLM-x32\...\Microsoft Edge) (Version: 90.0.818.49 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft ODBC Driver 11 for SQL Server (HKLM\...\{BF5ABBDB-D3AA-4BCB-8D10-FCD4A4BB7F93}) (Version: 12.1.4100.1 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft ODBC Driver 17 for SQL Server (HKLM\...\{5F9345E2-76B2-4639-AD3B-DB2ABC716930}) (Version: 17.1.0.1 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft Office Enterprise 2007 (HKLM-x32\...\ENTERPRISE) (Version: 12.0.4518.1014 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft Office Professional Plus 2016 - en-us (HKLM\...\ProPlusRetail - en-us) (Version: 16.0.13901.20462 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft OneDrive (HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\...\OneDriveSetup.exe) (Version: 21.062.0328.0001 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft OneDrive (HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1004\...\OneDriveSetup.exe) (Version: 20.169.0823.0008 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft Project - en-us (HKLM\...\ProjectPro2019Retail - en-us) (Version: 16.0.13901.20462 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft SQL Server 2008 Setup Support Files  (HKLM\...\{6292D514-17A4-403F-98F9-E150F10C043D}) (Version: 10.3.5500.0 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Native Client  (HKLM\...\{13146756-9716-4843-84CA-053916D2FCF9}) (Version: 11.3.6538.0 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft SQL Server 2014 (64-bit) (HKLM\...\Microsoft SQL Server SQLServer2014) (Version:  - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft SQL Server 2014 Setup (English) (HKLM\...\{C7E2483C-10A4-41E3-A2F6-240186FE3E41}) (Version: 12.1.4100.1 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft SQL Server 2014 Transact-SQL ScriptDom  (HKLM\...\{FF7DDA05-6EA7-4C01-B44A-3E57F8B9B97B}) (Version: 12.1.4100.1 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft Update Health Tools (HKLM\...\{A0E1B43D-5F4A-46AF-9925-ABA3423325DC}) (Version: 2.77.0.0 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft Visual C++ 2005 Redistributable (HKLM-x32\...\{837b34e3-7c30-493c-8f6a-2b0f04e2912c}) (Version: 8.0.59193 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft Visual C++ 2005 Redistributable (x64) (HKLM\...\{6ce5bae9-d3ca-4b99-891a-1dc6c118a5fc}) (Version: 8.0.59192 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft Visual C++ 2008 Redistributable - x64 9.0.30729.17 (HKLM\...\{8220EEFE-38CD-377E-8595-13398D740ACE}) (Version: 9.0.30729 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft Visual C++ 2008 Redistributable - x64 9.0.30729.6161 (HKLM\...\{5FCE6D76-F5DC-37AB-B2B8-22AB8CEDB1D4}) (Version: 9.0.30729.6161 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft Visual C++ 2008 Redistributable - x86 9.0.30729.17 (HKLM-x32\...\{9A25302D-30C0-39D9-BD6F-21E6EC160475}) (Version: 9.0.30729 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft Visual C++ 2008 Redistributable - x86 9.0.30729.6161 (HKLM-x32\...\{9BE518E6-ECC6-35A9-88E4-87755C07200F}) (Version: 9.0.30729.6161 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft Visual C++ 2010  x64 Redistributable - 10.0.40219 (HKLM\...\{1D8E6291-B0D5-35EC-8441-6616F567A0F7}) (Version: 10.0.40219 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft Visual C++ 2010  x86 Redistributable - 10.0.40219 (HKLM-x32\...\{F0C3E5D1-1ADE-321E-8167-68EF0DE699A5}) (Version: 10.0.40219 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft Visual C++ 2012 Redistributable (x64) - 11.0.61030 (HKLM-x32\...\{ca67548a-5ebe-413a-b50c-4b9ceb6d66c6}) (Version: 11.0.61030.0 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft Visual C++ 2012 Redistributable (x86) - 11.0.61030 (HKLM-x32\...\{33d1fd90-4274-48a1-9bc1-97e33d9c2d6f}) (Version: 11.0.61030.0 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft Visual C++ 2013 Redistributable (x64) - 12.0.30501 (HKLM-x32\...\{050d4fc8-5d48-4b8f-8972-47c82c46020f}) (Version: 12.0.30501.0 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft Visual C++ 2013 Redistributable (x64) - 12.0.40660 (HKLM-x32\...\{ef6b00ec-13e1-4c25-9064-b2f383cb8412}) (Version: 12.0.40660.0 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft Visual C++ 2013 Redistributable (x86) - 12.0.30501 (HKLM-x32\...\{f65db027-aff3-4070-886a-0d87064aabb1}) (Version: 12.0.30501.0 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft Visual C++ 2013 Redistributable (x86) - 12.0.40660 (HKLM-x32\...\{61087a79-ac85-455c-934d-1fa22cc64f36}) (Version: 12.0.40660.0 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft Visual C++ 2015-2019 Redistributable (x64) - 14.23.27820 (HKLM-x32\...\{852adda4-4c78-4a38-b583-c0b360a329d6}) (Version: 14.23.27820.0 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft Visual C++ 2015-2019 Redistributable (x86) - 14.23.27820 (HKLM-x32\...\{45231ab4-69fd-486a-859d-7a59fcd11013}) (Version: 14.23.27820.0 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft Visual C++ 2017 Redistributable (x64) - 14.15.26706 (HKLM-x32\...\{95ac1cfa-f4fb-4d1b-8912-7f9d5fbb140d}) (Version: 14.15.26706.0 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft Visual Studio 2005 Tools for Applications - ENU (HKLM-x32\...\Microsoft Visual Studio 2005 Tools for Applications - ENU) (Version:  - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft Visual Studio Code (User) (HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\...\{771FD6B0-FA20-440A-A002-3B3BAC16DC50}_is1) (Version: 1.54.3 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft Visual Studio Tools for Applications 2015 (HKLM-x32\...\{ab213ab7-4792-4c6f-a3fa-8485d06c3475}) (Version: 14.0.23829 - Microsoft Corporation)

Microsoft VSS Writer for SQL Server 2014 (HKLM\...\{366CD715-2FF4-40B4-A8B4-A05E5D21A945}) (Version: 12.1.4100.1 - Microsoft Corporation)

MicroStation V8i (SELECTseries 3) 08.11.09.578 (HKLM-x32\...\{B234DC00-1003-47E7-8111-230AA9E6BF10}) (Version: 08.11.09.578 - Bentley Systems, Incorporated)

MiniTool Partition Wizard Free 10.3 (HKLM\...\{05D996FA-ADCB-4D23-BA3C-A7C184A8FAC6}_is1) (Version:  - MiniTool Software Limited)

Mozilla Firefox 87.0 (x64 en-US) (HKLM\...\Mozilla Firefox 87.0 (x64 en-US)) (Version: 87.0 - Mozilla)

MySQL Installer for Windows - Community (HKLM-x32\...\{F7719AF6-8C84-4390-880E-E829128149B6}) (Version: 1.4.29.0 - Oracle Corporation)

MySQL Server 8.0 (HKLM\...\{28176271-5414-47DD-8C0F-C7084FFA4524}) (Version: 8.0.15 - Oracle Corporation)

MySQL Shell 8.0.15 (HKLM\...\{E1B8F0C7-5D8D-416F-B20C-0745DE10FA9A}) (Version: 8.0.15 - Oracle and/or its affiliates)

Notepad++ (32-bit x86) (HKLM-x32\...\Notepad++) (Version: 7.6.1 - Notepad++ Team)

Office 16 Click-to-Run Extensibility Component (HKLM-x32\...\{90160000-008C-0000-0000-0000000FF1CE}) (Version: 16.0.13901.20462 - Microsoft Corporation) Hidden

Office 16 Click-to-Run Extensibility Component 64-bit Registration (HKLM\...\{90160000-00DD-0000-1000-0000000FF1CE}) (Version: 16.0.13901.20336 - Microsoft Corporation) Hidden

Office 16 Click-to-Run Licensing Component (HKLM\...\{90160000-008F-0000-1000-0000000FF1CE}) (Version: 16.0.13901.20462 - Microsoft Corporation) Hidden

Office 16 Click-to-Run Localization Component (HKLM-x32\...\{90160000-008C-0409-0000-0000000FF1CE}) (Version: 16.0.13901.20336 - Microsoft Corporation) Hidden

OPC Core Components Redistributable (x64) 106.0 (HKLM\...\{97456FBB-F14E-432A-8C51-F260BBE8F52F}) (Version: 3.00.10600 - OPC Foundation) Hidden

OPC Core Components Redistributable (x86) 106.0 (HKLM-x32\...\{51D4A7F9-C7BE-4CBA-921B-DE42BAE5B078}) (Version: 3.00.10600 - OPC Foundation) Hidden

ORPALIS PDF Reducer Free Edition (HKLM-x32\...\{0DDB2FC6-EE08-4E53-AA8C-A8D87FA61F0A}) (Version: 1.0.2.0 - ORPALIS)

PDF To JPG Converter 2.0.2 (HKLM-x32\...\PDF To JPG Converter_is1) (Version:  - PDF To JPG Converter)

PDFCreator (HKLM\...\{0001B4FD-9EA3-4D90-A79E-FD14BA3AB01D}) (Version: 3.0.2 - pdfforge GmbH)

PdfMerge (HKLM-x32\...\{238BE990-A412-4129-A434-D03B1A9E396E}) (Version: 1.22.0 - PdfMerge)

PopSQL 0.6.4 (only current user) (HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\...\33054b7b-291d-5342-aeb3-ba742f62c95a) (Version: 0.6.4 - Rahil Sondhi)

Product Improvement Study for HP DeskJet 3700 series (HKLM\...\{826144A0-42A2-40D3-A49B-129979BA2B0C}) (Version: 40.12.1161.1896 - HP Inc.)

psqlODBC_x64 (HKLM\...\{3F8971B0-061B-4163-9D3F-EA94151B2FCF}) (Version: 09.06.0504 - PostgreSQL Global Development Group)

Python 3.7.1 (32-bit) (HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\...\{850389b4-a056-4ecc-9c8d-e3ef594fc929}) (Version: 3.7.1150.0 - Python Software Foundation)

Python 3.7.1 (Anaconda3 2018.12 64-bit) (HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\...\Python 3.7.1 (Anaconda3 2018.12 64-bit)) (Version: 2018.12 - Anaconda, Inc.)

Python 3.7.1 Add to Path (32-bit) (HKLM-x32\...\{76CFD900-77BD-4974-9464-249B93C3A3EF}) (Version: 3.7.1150.0 - Python Software Foundation) Hidden

Python 3.7.1 Core Interpreter (32-bit) (HKLM-x32\...\{5439005C-640E-473B-8374-5AA6BA9F8780}) (Version: 3.7.1150.0 - Python Software Foundation) Hidden

Python 3.7.1 Development Libraries (32-bit) (HKLM-x32\...\{D1F1A0E0-328E-438D-A18C-ACE71BCE10B7}) (Version: 3.7.1150.0 - Python Software Foundation) Hidden

Python 3.7.1 Documentation (32-bit) (HKLM-x32\...\{DAB8D967-E729-443C-96A7-BFE581D8B0B0}) (Version: 3.7.1150.0 - Python Software Foundation) Hidden

Python 3.7.1 Executables (32-bit) (HKLM-x32\...\{FFE80953-6126-49BF-9CC0-57113A8AAA37}) (Version: 3.7.1150.0 - Python Software Foundation) Hidden

Python 3.7.1 pip Bootstrap (32-bit) (HKLM-x32\...\{4CAAB4B2-69D4-437A-870B-9AB2D0703E56}) (Version: 3.7.1150.0 - Python Software Foundation) Hidden

Python 3.7.1 Standard Library (32-bit) (HKLM-x32\...\{E8A32F30-F5EC-4724-8F99-A51B69176B2F}) (Version: 3.7.1150.0 - Python Software Foundation) Hidden

Python 3.7.1 Tcl/Tk Support (32-bit) (HKLM-x32\...\{AC008439-97C6-4079-B451-069A1AC86C9D}) (Version: 3.7.1150.0 - Python Software Foundation) Hidden

Python 3.7.1 Test Suite (32-bit) (HKLM-x32\...\{A9C09A2F-4ABC-41EF-B3F7-629C8178186B}) (Version: 3.7.1150.0 - Python Software Foundation) Hidden

Python 3.7.1 Utility Scripts (32-bit) (HKLM-x32\...\{D3397B2B-DC1F-4EDF-BFAE-827431206FB6}) (Version: 3.7.1150.0 - Python Software Foundation) Hidden

Python Launcher (HKLM-x32\...\{C3A1C6B1-9096-47A7-AB5C-09114002A996}) (Version: 3.7.6501.0 - Python Software Foundation)

R for Windows 3.5.1 (HKLM\...\R for Windows 3.5.1_is1) (Version: 3.5.1 - R Core Team)

Realtek High Definition Audio Driver (HKLM-x32\...\{F132AF7F-7BCA-4EDE-8A7C-958108FE7DBC}) (Version: 6.0.1.8419 - Realtek Semiconductor Corp.)

Respondus LockDown Browser 2 (HKLM-x32\...\{BBC7F69B-7A94-41E9-8A4B-B55A8D06431F}) (Version: 2.00.0000 - Respondus)

Revo Uninstaller Pro 4.2.3 (HKLM\...\{67579783-0FB7-4F7B-B881-E5BE47C9DBE0}_is1) (Version: 4.2.3 - VS Revo Group, Ltd.)

RStudio (HKLM-x32\...\RStudio) (Version: 1.1.456 - RStudio)

Service Pack 1 for SQL Server 2014 (KB3058865) (64-bit) (HKLM\...\KB3058865) (Version: 12.1.4100.1 - Microsoft Corporation)

Skype Meetings App (HKLM-x32\...\{56FC471B-6B4E-4CEF-AA29-D3F5D9387731}) (Version: 16.2.0.282 - Microsoft Corporation)

Skype™ 7.37 (HKLM-x32\...\{3B7E914A-93D5-4A29-92BB-AF8C3F66C431}) (Version: 7.37.103 - Skype Technologies S.A.)

Snagit 2019 (HKLM\...\{19815424-A209-4B2C-9A86-DF2A4E4B5669}) (Version: 19.1.1 - TechSmith Corporation) Hidden

Snagit 2019 (HKLM-x32\...\{8309f2fe-203d-4520-a678-9ca0d2640a12}) (Version: 19.1.1.2860 - TechSmith Corporation)

SPDS Extension for AutoCAD® 2019 (HKLM\...\{B2E83395-1261-443F-B4E1-6C3D54A84711}) (Version: 23.0.46.1 - Autodesk, Inc.)

SQL Server 2014 Common Files (HKLM\...\{BD1CD96B-FE4B-4EAE-83D4-6EF55AB5779C}) (Version: 12.1.4100.1 - Microsoft Corporation) Hidden

SQL Server 2014 Common Files (HKLM\...\{F7012F84-80F5-4C25-852E-B1BA03276FE6}) (Version: 12.1.4100.1 - Microsoft Corporation) Hidden

SQL Server 2014 Database Engine Services (HKLM\...\{17531BCD-C627-46A2-9F1E-7CC920E0E94A}) (Version: 12.1.4100.1 - Microsoft Corporation) Hidden

SQL Server 2014 Database Engine Services (HKLM\...\{5082A9F3-AEE5-4639-9BA7-C19661BA7331}) (Version: 12.1.4100.1 - Microsoft Corporation) Hidden

SQL Server 2014 Database Engine Shared (HKLM\...\{ACC530B8-B6B4-40D6-B59B-152468CF47D0}) (Version: 12.1.4100.1 - Microsoft Corporation) Hidden

SQL Server 2014 Database Engine Shared (HKLM\...\{D1B847A9-B06B-4264-9EF0-78E6E1571E65}) (Version: 12.1.4100.1 - Microsoft Corporation) Hidden

SQL Server Browser for SQL Server 2014 (HKLM-x32\...\{3204DE95-97D2-4261-A286-98A262E171D4}) (Version: 12.1.4100.1 - Microsoft Corporation)

Sql Server Customer Experience Improvement Program (HKLM\...\{6476DB81-F263-4C04-8574-AAD31136C304}) (Version: 12.1.4100.1 - Microsoft Corporation) Hidden

Tableau 2020.2 (20202.20.0415.1946) (HKLM\...\{0CC50DD2-F08C-4D43-B25E-C1FF7D1B09B5}) (Version: 20.2.25003 - Tableau Software) Hidden

Tableau 2020.2 (20202.20.0415.1946) (HKLM-x32\...\{b4aec78e-57ad-4ce6-b159-3acb94310b22}) (Version: 20.2.25003 - Tableau Software)

TAP-Windows 9.21.2 (HKLM\...\TAP-Windows) (Version: 9.21.2 - )

TeighaX 3.09 (HKLM-x32\...\{3D63579F-2398-418B-9227-A852FB201D2D}) (Version: 3.9.0 - Open Design Alliance)

Thunderbolt™ Software (HKLM-x32\...\{F55C97BF-D9B2-4BB6-B16A-25A621BC50E9}) (Version: 16.2.52.250 - Intel Corporation)

UltraISO Premium V9.71 (HKLM-x32\...\UltraISO_is1) (Version:  - )

Update for Windows 10 for x64-based Systems (KB4023057) (HKLM\...\{32DC821E-4A7D-4878-BEE8-337FA153D7F2}) (Version: 2.63.0.0 - Microsoft Corporation) Hidden

UpdateAssistant (HKLM\...\{EC4F72E8-52FE-454E-B70F-DBE5C0FA44C5}) (Version: 1.20.0.0 - Microsoft Corporation) Hidden

VLC media player (HKLM-x32\...\VLC media player) (Version: 2.2.6 - VideoLAN)

Vulkan Run Time Libraries 1.0.33.0 (HKLM\...\VulkanRT1.0.33.0) (Version: 1.0.33.0 - LunarG, Inc.)

Web Companion (HKLM-x32\...\{9e9c5c30-2185-4e02-8bf6-100c81f4ccba}) (Version: 7.0.2417.4248 - Lavasoft)

WhatsApp (HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\...\WhatsApp) (Version: 2.2114.9 - WhatsApp)

Windows 10 Update Assistant (HKLM-x32\...\{D5C69738-B486-402E-85AC-2456D98A64E4}) (Version: 1.4.9200.22617 - Microsoft Corporation)

Windows 7 USB/DVD Download Tool (HKLM-x32\...\{CCF298AF-9CE1-4B26-B251-486E98A34789}) (Version: 1.0.30 - Microsoft Corporation)

Windows Driver Package - Apple, Inc. (USBAAPL) USB  (05/19/2017 6.0.9999.69) (HKLM\...\7771A0176A543725D7BBF70A546C096A4EE2DD40) (Version: 05/19/2017 6.0.9999.69 - Apple, Inc.)

Windows Driver Package - SAMSUNG Electronics Co., Ltd.  (dg_ssudbus) USB  (12/02/2015 2.12.1.0) (HKLM\...\85A33267F12961AF9ED9AE799DEDA5E62BEA236F) (Version: 12/02/2015 2.12.1.0 - SAMSUNG Electronics Co., Ltd. )

Windows Driver Package - SAMSUNG Electronics Co., Ltd.  (ssudmdm) Modem  (12/02/2015 2.12.1.0) (HKLM\...\88ED314360B98E6E82E7CC3201FAEB4A9FD291B4) (Version: 12/02/2015 2.12.1.0 - SAMSUNG Electronics Co., Ltd. )

Windows Driver Package - SAMSUNG Electronics Co., Ltd.  (WinUSB) AndroidUsbDeviceClass  (12/02/2015 2.12.1.0) (HKLM\...\701281E8283E9E3681220099A9DA5013A5A437AF) (Version: 12/02/2015 2.12.1.0 - SAMSUNG Electronics Co., Ltd. )

Windows Setup Remediations (x64) (KB4023057) (HKLM\...\{5534e02f-0f5d-40dd-ba92-bea38d22384d}.sdb) (Version:  - )

WPTx64 (HKLM-x32\...\{0B2C58EB-67A2-225B-60B2-D1990E55DD33}) (Version: 8.100.26866 - Microsoft)

Zoom (HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\...\ZoomUMX) (Version: 5.1 - Zoom Video Communications, Inc.)

 

Packages:

=========

FilmMaker : Movie Maker & Video Editor -> C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\30761FascinatedMoonApps.FilmMakerMovieMakerVideoEd_1.0.9.0_x64__j8ar55w2vavda [2020-10-31] (FascinatedMoonApps) [MS Ad]

HP Smart -> C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\AD2F1837.HPPrinterControl_126.2.222.0_x64__v10z8vjag6ke6 [2021-04-14] (HP Inc.)

Instagram -> C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\Facebook.InstagramBeta_42.0.2.0_neutral__8xx8rvfyw5nnt [2020-03-15] (Instagram)

IrfanView64 -> C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\30067IrfanSkiljanIrfanVie.IrfanView64_4.5.7.0_x64__psgec73n2n7ne [2021-03-14] (Irfan Skiljan (IrfanView))

Keeper - Password Manager & Secure File Storage -> C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\KeeperSecurityInc.Keeper_14.0.33.0_x64__kejf07qmg0jnm [2019-07-30] (Keeper Security Inc)

Microsoft Advertising SDK for XAML -> C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\Microsoft.Advertising.Xaml_10.1811.1.0_x64__8wekyb3d8bbwe [2021-03-14] (Microsoft Corporation) [MS Ad]

Microsoft Advertising SDK for XAML -> C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\Microsoft.Advertising.Xaml_10.1811.1.0_x86__8wekyb3d8bbwe [2021-03-14] (Microsoft Corporation) [MS Ad]

Microsoft Solitaire Collection -> C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\Microsoft.MicrosoftSolitaireCollection_4.9.4072.0_x64__8wekyb3d8bbwe [2021-04-21] (Microsoft Studios) [MS Ad]

Netflix -> C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\4DF9E0F8.Netflix_6.97.752.0_x64__mcm4njqhnhss8 [2020-08-01] (Netflix, Inc.)

OneDrive -> C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\microsoft.microsoftskydrive_19.23.11.0_x64__8wekyb3d8bbwe [2020-08-01] (Microsoft Corporation)

Penbook -> C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\36376UserCamp.Penbook_2.1.30.0_x64__t7afzrbtd67z0 [2020-07-01] (User Camp)

Photos Media Engine Add-on -> C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\Microsoft.Photos.MediaEngineDLC_1.0.0.0_x64__8wekyb3d8bbwe [2021-03-18] (Microsoft Corporation)

Synaptics TouchPad -> C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\SynapticsIncorporated.SynHPConsumerDApp_19005.35054.0.0_x64__807d65c4rvak2 [2020-03-15] (Synaptics Incorporated)

 

==================== Custom CLSID (Whitelisted): ==============

 

(If an entry is included in the fixlist, it will be removed from the registry. The file will not be moved unless listed separately.)

 

CustomCLSID: HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001_Classes\CLSID\{2AD206F1-152C-4F9D-A24E-6F93FE7A4AFC}\InprocServer32 -> C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Grammarly\Grammarly for Microsoft Office Suite\6.6.122\89B26190D9\GrammarlyShim64.dll (Grammarly, Inc. -> CompanyName)

CustomCLSID: HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001_Classes\CLSID\{3E3AD4BD-346A-460A-80E8-90699B75C00B}\InprocServer32 -> C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Microsoft\SkypeForBusinessPlugin\16.2.0.282\GatewayActiveX-x64.dll (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

CustomCLSID: HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001_Classes\CLSID\{4BE56754-B616-4998-B825-D16983AEE1B2}\InprocServer32 -> C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Grammarly\Grammarly for Microsoft Office Suite\6.6.122\89B26190D9\Grammarly.AddIn.Connect.ActiveX.dll (Grammarly, Inc. -> Grammarly)

CustomCLSID: HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001_Classes\CLSID\{E31EA727-12ED-4702-820C-4B6445F28E1A} -> [Dropbox] => C:\Users\NewUser\Dropbox [2017-07-11 19:32]

ShellExecuteHooks-x32: Groove GFS Stub Execution Hook - {B5A7F190-DDA6-4420-B3BA-52453494E6CD} - C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\Office12\GrooveShellExtensions.dll [2210608 2006-10-27] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers: [   DropboxExt01] -> {FB314ED9-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers: [   DropboxExt02] -> {FB314EDF-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers: [   DropboxExt03] -> {FB314EE1-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers: [   DropboxExt04] -> {FB314EDB-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers: [   DropboxExt05] -> {FB314EDA-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers: [   DropboxExt06] -> {FB314EDC-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers: [   DropboxExt07] -> {FB314EDD-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers: [   DropboxExt08] -> {FB314EE0-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers: [   DropboxExt09] -> {FB314EE2-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers: [   DropboxExt10] -> {FB314EDE-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers: [00asw] -> {472083B0-C522-11CF-8763-00608CC02F24} =>  -> No File

ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers: [00avg] -> {472083B0-C522-11CF-8763-00608CC02F24} =>  -> No File

ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers: [AutoCAD Digital Signatures Icon Overlay Handler] -> {36A21736-36C2-4C11-8ACB-D4136F2B57BD} => C:\WINDOWS\system32\AcSignIcon.dll [2018-01-29] (Autodesk, Inc. -> Autodesk, Inc.)

ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers-x32: [   DropboxExt01] -> {FB314ED9-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers-x32: [   DropboxExt02] -> {FB314EDF-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers-x32: [   DropboxExt03] -> {FB314EE1-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers-x32: [   DropboxExt04] -> {FB314EDB-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers-x32: [   DropboxExt05] -> {FB314EDA-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers-x32: [   DropboxExt06] -> {FB314EDC-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers-x32: [   DropboxExt07] -> {FB314EDD-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers-x32: [   DropboxExt08] -> {FB314EE0-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers-x32: [   DropboxExt09] -> {FB314EE2-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers-x32: [   DropboxExt10] -> {FB314EDE-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

ContextMenuHandlers1: [7-Zip] -> {23170F69-40C1-278A-1000-000100020000} => C:\Program Files\7-Zip\7-zip.dll [2018-04-30] (Igor Pavlov) [File not signed]

ContextMenuHandlers1: [AcShellExtension.AcContextMenuHandler] -> {2E7A2C6C-B938-40a4-BA1C-C7EC982DC202} => C:\Program Files\Common Files\Autodesk Shared\AcShellEx\AcShellExtension.dll [2018-01-29] (Autodesk, Inc. -> Autodesk)

ContextMenuHandlers1: [ANotepad++64] -> {B298D29A-A6ED-11DE-BA8C-A68E55D89593} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Notepad++\NppShell_06.dll [2018-12-11] (Notepad++ -> )

ContextMenuHandlers1: [DropboxExt] -> {ECD97DE5-3C8F-4ACB-AEEE-CCAB78F7711C} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

ContextMenuHandlers1: [LockHunterShellExt] -> {0BB27CDA-7029-4C0E-9C56-D922B229F0EB} => C:\Program Files\LockHunter\LHShellExt64.dll [2019-11-29] (Crystal Rich Ltd -> TODO: <Company name>)

ContextMenuHandlers1: [PhotoStreamsExt] -> {89D984B3-813B-406A-8298-118AFA3A22AE} => C:\Program Files\Common Files\Apple\Internet Services\ShellStreams64.dll [2014-08-11] (Apple Inc. -> Apple Inc.)

ContextMenuHandlers1: [SnagItMainShellExt] -> {CF74B903-3389-469c-B3B6-0204D204FCBD} => C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\DLLx64\SnagitShellExt64.dll [2019-02-11] (TechSmith Corporation -> TechSmith Corporation)

ContextMenuHandlers2: [LockHunterShellExt] -> {0BB27CDA-7029-4C0E-9C56-D922B229F0EB} => C:\Program Files\LockHunter\LHShellExt64.dll [2019-11-29] (Crystal Rich Ltd -> TODO: <Company name>)

ContextMenuHandlers2: [UltraISO] -> {AD392E40-428C-459F-961E-9B147782D099} => C:\Program Files (x86)\UltraISO\isoshl64.dll [2015-10-08] (SHENZHEN YIBO DIGITAL SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT CO. LTD. -> EZB Systems, Inc.)

ContextMenuHandlers4: [7-Zip] -> {23170F69-40C1-278A-1000-000100020000} => C:\Program Files\7-Zip\7-zip.dll [2018-04-30] (Igor Pavlov) [File not signed]

ContextMenuHandlers4: [DropboxExt] -> {ECD97DE5-3C8F-4ACB-AEEE-CCAB78F7711C} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

ContextMenuHandlers4: [LockHunterShellExt] -> {0BB27CDA-7029-4C0E-9C56-D922B229F0EB} => C:\Program Files\LockHunter\LHShellExt64.dll [2019-11-29] (Crystal Rich Ltd -> TODO: <Company name>)

ContextMenuHandlers4: [PowerISO] -> {967B2D40-8B7D-4127-9049-61EA0C2C6DCE} =>  -> No File

ContextMenuHandlers4: [SnagItMainShellExt] -> {CF74B903-3389-469c-B3B6-0204D204FCBD} => C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\DLLx64\SnagitShellExt64.dll [2019-02-11] (TechSmith Corporation -> TechSmith Corporation)

ContextMenuHandlers4: [UltraISO] -> {AD392E40-428C-459F-961E-9B147782D099} => C:\Program Files (x86)\UltraISO\isoshl64.dll [2015-10-08] (SHENZHEN YIBO DIGITAL SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT CO. LTD. -> EZB Systems, Inc.)

ContextMenuHandlers5: [DropboxExt] -> {ECD97DE5-3C8F-4ACB-AEEE-CCAB78F7711C} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

ContextMenuHandlers5: [igfxcui] -> {3AB1675A-CCFF-11D2-8B20-00A0C93CB1F4} =>  -> No File

ContextMenuHandlers5: [igfxDTCM] -> {9B5F5829-A529-4B12-814A-E81BCB8D93FC} => C:\WINDOWS\System32\DriverStore\FileRepository\ki130350.inf_amd64_696b7c6764071b63\igfxDTCM.dll [2018-12-07] (Microsoft Windows Hardware Compatibility Publisher -> Intel Corporation)

ContextMenuHandlers6: [7-Zip] -> {23170F69-40C1-278A-1000-000100020000} => C:\Program Files\7-Zip\7-zip.dll [2018-04-30] (Igor Pavlov) [File not signed]

ContextMenuHandlers6: [PowerISO] -> {967B2D40-8B7D-4127-9049-61EA0C2C6DCE} =>  -> No File

ContextMenuHandlers6: [RUShellExt] -> {2C5515DC-2A7E-4BFD-B813-CACC2B685EB7} => C:\Program Files\VS Revo Group\Revo Uninstaller Pro\RUExt.dll [2019-03-29] (VS Revo Group Ltd. -> VS Revo Group)

ContextMenuHandlers6: [UltraISO] -> {AD392E40-428C-459F-961E-9B147782D099} => C:\Program Files (x86)\UltraISO\isoshl64.dll [2015-10-08] (SHENZHEN YIBO DIGITAL SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT CO. LTD. -> EZB Systems, Inc.)

 

==================== Codecs (Whitelisted) ====================

 

(If an entry is included in the fixlist, the registry item will be restored to default or removed. The file will not be moved.)

 

HKLM\...\Drivers32: [vidc.mjpg] => C:\WINDOWS\system32\bdmjpeg64.dll [75248 2017-01-26] (Bandicam Company -> )

HKLM\...\Drivers32: [vidc.mpeg] => C:\WINDOWS\system32\bdmpegv64.dll [75272 2017-01-26] (Bandicam Company -> )

HKLM\...\Drivers32: [msacm.bdmpeg] => C:\WINDOWS\system32\bdmpega64.acm [75784 2017-01-26] (Bandicam Company -> )

HKLM\...\Drivers32: [vidc.mjpg] => C:\Windows\SysWOW64\bdmjpeg.dll [71152 2017-01-26] (Bandicam Company -> )

HKLM\...\Drivers32: [vidc.mpeg] => C:\Windows\SysWOW64\bdmpegv.dll [71176 2017-01-26] (Bandicam Company -> )

HKLM\...\Drivers32: [msacm.bdmpeg] => C:\Windows\SysWOW64\bdmpega.acm [71176 2017-01-26] (Bandicam Company -> )

 

==================== Shortcuts & WMI ========================

 

(The entries could be listed to be restored or removed.)

 

ShortcutWithArgument: C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Anaconda3 (64-bit)\Anaconda Prompt (anaconda03).lnk -> C:\Windows\System32\cmd.exe (Microsoft Corporation) -> "/K" C:\Users\NewUser\anaconda03\Scripts\activate.bat C:\Users\NewUser\anaconda03

ShortcutWithArgument: C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Anaconda3 (64-bit)\Anaconda Prompt.lnk -> C:\Windows\System32\cmd.exe (Microsoft Corporation) -> "/K" C:\Users\NewUser\Anaconda33\Scripts\activate.bat C:\Users\NewUser\Anaconda33

 

==================== Loaded Modules (Whitelisted) =============

 

2012-09-08 14:16 - 2012-09-08 14:16 - 000315392 _____ () [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\Evernote\Evernote\libtidy.dll

2012-09-08 14:16 - 2012-09-08 14:16 - 000433664 _____ () [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\Evernote\Evernote\libxml2.dll

2018-08-14 14:49 - 2018-08-14 14:49 - 001874432 _____ () [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\cairo.dll

2018-08-14 14:49 - 2018-08-14 14:49 - 000790528 _____ () [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\fontconfig.dll

2018-08-14 14:49 - 2018-08-14 14:49 - 001041920 _____ () [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\harfbuzz-vs14.dll

2018-08-14 14:49 - 2018-08-14 14:49 - 000060928 _____ () [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\iconv.dll

2018-12-11 15:09 - 2018-12-11 15:09 - 000790016 _____ () [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\libhpdf.dll

2018-08-14 14:49 - 2018-08-14 14:49 - 000257536 _____ () [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\libpng16.dll

2018-08-14 14:49 - 2018-08-14 14:49 - 001294336 _____ () [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\libxml2.dll

2017-10-18 08:43 - 2017-10-18 08:43 - 010857984 _____ () [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\opencv_core300.dll

2017-10-18 08:43 - 2017-10-18 08:43 - 025250304 _____ () [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\opencv_imgproc300.dll

2018-08-14 14:49 - 2018-08-14 14:49 - 000086528 _____ () [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\zlib1.dll

2021-04-25 09:40 - 2021-04-25 09:40 - 000160256 _____ () [File not signed] C:\WINDOWS\assembly\NativeImages_v4.0.30319_32\BRIDGECommon\b12dfcd0c5f4434b264d9a4fbc23786d\BRIDGECommon.ni.dll

2021-03-23 14:08 - 2021-03-23 14:08 - 000120832 _____ () [File not signed] C:\WINDOWS\assembly\NativeImages_v4.0.30319_32\BridgeExtension\549d774608efa33d0c05305cf7f61f7c\BridgeExtension.ni.dll

2021-03-23 14:09 - 2021-03-23 14:09 - 000348160 _____ () [File not signed] C:\WINDOWS\assembly\NativeImages_v4.0.30319_32\CleanStartController\415057fdf55106e34db75b414db6f251\CleanStartController.ni.dll

2012-08-28 22:12 - 2012-08-28 22:12 - 000284160 _____ (Evernote Corporation) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\Evernote\Evernote\encrashrep.dll

2012-09-08 14:16 - 2012-09-08 14:16 - 000258048 _____ (Evernote Corporation, 333 West Evelyn Avenue, Mountain View, CA 94041) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\Evernote\Evernote\LibPCRE.dll

2018-08-14 14:49 - 2018-08-14 14:49 - 000088576 _____ (Free Software Foundation) [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\intl.dll

2021-03-23 14:08 - 2021-03-23 14:08 - 000134656 _____ (HP Inc.) [File not signed] C:\WINDOWS\assembly\NativeImages_v4.0.30319_32\CommonPortable\7b0f36dea9dc9e631399d53fa450a457\CommonPortable.ni.dll

2016-01-08 13:28 - 2016-01-08 13:28 - 000356352 _____ (hxxp://hunspell.sourceforge.net/) [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\libhunspell.dll

2018-07-14 15:09 - 2018-04-30 07:00 - 000075776 _____ (Igor Pavlov) [File not signed] C:\Program Files\7-Zip\7-zip.dll

2020-02-15 04:25 - 2020-02-15 04:25 - 000116224 _____ (pdfforge GmbH) [File not signed] C:\WINDOWS\System32\pdfcmon.dll

2018-08-14 14:49 - 2018-08-14 14:49 - 000291840 _____ (Red Hat Software) [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\pango-1.0.dll

2018-08-14 14:49 - 2018-08-14 14:49 - 000578560 _____ (Red Hat Software) [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\pangocairo-1.0.dll

2018-08-14 14:49 - 2018-08-14 14:49 - 000605184 _____ (Red Hat Software) [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\pangoft2-1.0.dll

2018-08-14 14:49 - 2018-08-14 14:49 - 000064512 _____ (Red Hat Software) [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\pangowin32-1.0.dll

2016-05-09 09:20 - 2016-05-09 09:20 - 000132096 _____ (Seiko Epson Corporation) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\Event Manager\epnsm.dll

2009-10-21 17:39 - 2009-10-21 17:39 - 000291328 _____ (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\Event Manager\LcMgr.dll

2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-16 01:00 - 000096768 _____ (Seiko Epson Corporation) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\FAX Utility\EbpD4Fax.dll

2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-16 01:00 - 000278528 _____ (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\FAX Utility\FULEPP.dll

2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-16 01:00 - 000339968 _____ (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\FAX Utility\FUSVCCLT.dll

2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-16 01:00 - 000065536 _____ (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\FAX Utility\FUUSBHLP.dll

2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-16 01:00 - 000069632 _____ (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\FAX Utility\Library\FUDEVCOM.dll

2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-16 01:00 - 000135168 _____ (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\FAX Utility\Library\FUDRVUTL.dll

2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-16 01:00 - 000339968 _____ (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\FAX Utility\Library\FUPRBDEV.dll

2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-16 01:00 - 000286720 _____ (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\FAX Utility\Library\FUSNMPUT.dll

2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-15 11:00 - 000086016 _____ (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\Epson Software\FAX Utility\Resource\FUCMNMSG.dll

2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-15 11:00 - 000241664 _____ (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\Epson Software\FAX Utility\Resource\FUFAXRCV.dll

2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-15 11:00 - 000022016 _____ (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\Epson Software\FAX Utility\Resource\FULEPPRes.dll

2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-15 11:00 - 000077824 _____ (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\Epson Software\FAX Utility\Resource\FUPRBDEVRes.dll

2016-09-14 14:31 - 2016-09-14 14:31 - 000500736 _____ (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed] C:\WINDOWS\System32\enppmon.dll

2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-15 11:00 - 000233472 _____ (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed] C:\WINDOWS\system32\spool\DRIVERS\x64\3\EFXUI09A.DLL

2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-16 01:00 - 000786432 _____ (SEIKO EPSON) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\FAX Utility\Library\ENCM.dll

2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-16 01:00 - 000278528 _____ (SEIKO EPSON) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\FAX Utility\Library\ENNW.dll

2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-16 01:00 - 000299008 _____ (SEIKO EPSON) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\FAX Utility\Library\ENUTIL.dll

2018-08-14 14:49 - 2018-08-14 14:49 - 001338368 _____ (The GLib developer community) [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\glib-2.0.dll

2018-08-14 14:49 - 2018-08-14 14:49 - 000284160 _____ (The GLib developer community) [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\gobject-2.0.dll

 

==================== Alternate Data Streams (Whitelisted) ========

 

(If an entry is included in the fixlist, only the ADS will be removed.)

 

AlternateDataStreams: C:\Users\NewUser\Desktop\fall 2017:com.dropbox.attributes [168]

AlternateDataStreams: C:\Users\NewUser\Desktop\statement332021.docx:com.dropbox.attrs [54]

 

==================== Safe Mode (Whitelisted) ==================

 

==================== Association (Whitelisted) =================

 

==================== Internet Explorer (Whitelisted) ==========

 

HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main,Start Page = about:blank

HKLM\Software\Wow6432Node\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main,Start Page = about:blank

HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main,Search Page = 

HKLM\Software\Wow6432Node\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main,Search Page = 

HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main,Default_Page_URL = 

HKLM\Software\Wow6432Node\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main,Default_Page_URL = 

HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main,Default_Search_URL = 

HKLM\Software\Wow6432Node\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main,Default_Search_URL = 

HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main,Local Page = 

HKLM\Software\Wow6432Node\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main,Local Page = 

HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main,Start Page = hxxp://www.bing.com/?pc=COS2&ptag=D122818-A21ABFDD9D88F4162B1F&form=CONMHP&conlogo=CT3332016

SearchScopes: HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001 -> DefaultScope {0633EE93-D776-472f-A0FF-E1416B8B2E3A} URL = hxxp://www.bing.com/search?pc=COSP&ptag=D122818-N0700A21ABFDD9D88F4162B1F&form=CONBDF&conlogo=CT3332016&q={searchTerms}

SearchScopes: HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001 -> {0633EE93-D776-472f-A0FF-E1416B8B2E3A} URL = hxxp://www.bing.com/search?pc=COSP&ptag=D122818-N0700A21ABFDD9D88F4162B1F&form=CONBDF&conlogo=CT3332016&q={searchTerms}

BHO: Skype for Business Browser Helper -> {31D09BA0-12F5-4CCE-BE8A-2923E76605DA} -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\VFS\ProgramFilesX64\Microsoft Office\Office16\OCHelper.dll [2021-03-01] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

BHO: HP Network Check Helper -> {E76FD755-C1BA-4DCB-9F13-99BD91223ADE} -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Framework\Resources\HPNetworkCheck\HPNetworkCheckPluginx64.dll [2017-10-27] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

BHO-x32: Skype for Business Browser Helper -> {31D09BA0-12F5-4CCE-BE8A-2923E76605DA} -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\OCHelper.dll [2021-03-01] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

BHO-x32: Dashlane BHO -> {42D79B50-CC4A-4A8E-860F-BE674AF053A2} -> C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\Dashlane\ie\Dashlanei.dll [2020-12-21] (Dashlane USA, Inc. -> Dashlane, Inc.)

BHO-x32: Groove GFS Browser Helper -> {72853161-30C5-4D22-B7F9-0BBC1D38A37E} -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\Office12\GrooveShellExtensions.dll [2006-10-27] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

BHO-x32: Java™ Plug-In SSV Helper -> {761497BB-D6F0-462C-B6EB-D4DAF1D92D43} -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jre1.8.0_201\bin\ssv.dll [2019-01-28] (Oracle America, Inc. -> Oracle Corporation)

BHO-x32: Evernote extension -> {92EF2EAD-A7CE-4424-B0DB-499CF856608E} -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Evernote\Evernote\EvernoteIE.dll [2013-07-18] (EVERNOTE CORPORATION -> Evernote Corp., 305 Walnut Street, Redwood City, CA 94063) [File not signed]

BHO-x32: Java™ Plug-In 2 SSV Helper -> {DBC80044-A445-435b-BC74-9C25C1C588A9} -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jre1.8.0_201\bin\jp2ssv.dll [2019-01-28] (Oracle America, Inc. -> Oracle Corporation)

BHO-x32: HP Network Check Helper -> {E76FD755-C1BA-4DCB-9F13-99BD91223ADE} -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Framework\Resources\HPNetworkCheck\HPNetworkCheckPlugin.dll [2017-10-27] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

Toolbar: HKLM-x32 - Dashlane Toolbar - {669695BC-A811-4A9D-8CDF-BA8C795F261C} - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\Dashlane\ie\KWIEBar.dll [2020-12-21] (Dashlane USA, Inc. -> Dashlane, Inc.)

Handler-x32: mso-minsb-roaming.16 - {83C25742-A9F7-49FB-9138-434302C88D07} - C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\MSOSB.DLL [2021-04-07] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

Handler-x32: mso-minsb.16 - {42089D2D-912D-4018-9087-2B87803E93FB} - C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\MSOSB.DLL [2021-04-07] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

Handler-x32: osf-roaming.16 - {42089D2D-912D-4018-9087-2B87803E93FB} - C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\MSOSB.DLL [2021-04-07] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

Handler-x32: osf.16 - {5504BE45-A83B-4808-900A-3A5C36E7F77A} - C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\MSOSB.DLL [2021-04-07] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

 

(If an entry is included in the fixlist, it will be removed from the registry.)

 

IE trusted site: HKU\.DEFAULT\...\localhost -> localhost

IE trusted site: HKU\.DEFAULT\...\webcompanion.com -> hxxp://webcompanion.com

IE trusted site: HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\...\localhost -> localhost

IE trusted site: HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\...\webcompanion.com -> hxxp://webcompanion.com

IE trusted site: HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1004\...\localhost -> localhost

IE trusted site: HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1004\...\webcompanion.com -> hxxp://webcompanion.com

 

==================== Hosts content: =========================

 

(If needed Hosts: directive could be included in the fixlist to reset Hosts.)

 

2017-03-18 16:03 - 2020-01-21 17:42 - 000000824 _____ C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\etc\hosts

 

==================== Other Areas ===========================

 

(Currently there is no automatic fix for this section.)

 

HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Environment\\Path -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Oracle\Java\javapath;C:\Program Files (x86)\Intel\iCLS Client\;C:\Program Files\Intel\iCLS Client\;%SystemRoot%\system32;%SystemRoot%;%SystemRoot%\System32\Wbem;%SYSTEMROOT%\System32\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\;C:\Program Files (x86)\Skype\Phone\;C:\Program Files (x86)\Intel\Intel® Management Engine Components\DAL;C:\Program Files\Intel\Intel® Management Engine Components\DAL;C:\Program Files (x86)\Intel\Intel® Management Engine Components\IPT;C:\Program Files\Intel\Intel® Management Engine Components\IPT;C:\Program Files\MATLAB\R2017b\bin;%SYSTEMROOT%\System32\OpenSSH\;C:\Program Files\Intel\WiFi\bin\;C:\Program Files\Common Files\Intel\WirelessCommon\;C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\8.1\Windows Performance Toolkit\;C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\Client SDK\ODBC\110\Tools\Binn\;C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft SQL Server\120\Tools\Binn\;C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\120\Tools\Binn\;C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\120\DTS\Binn\;C:\Program Files\MEGA-X;C:\Program Files\Git\cmd;C:\Program Files\Git\bin;

HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\Control Panel\Desktop\\Wallpaper -> C:\Users\NewUser\Desktop\Screenshot_20191008Gallery.jpg

HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1004\Control Panel\Desktop\\Wallpaper -> C:\Windows\Web\Wallpaper\Windows\img0.jpg

DNS Servers: 8.8.8.8

HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System => (ConsentPromptBehaviorAdmin: 5) (ConsentPromptBehaviorUser: 3) (EnableLUA: 1)

HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer => (SmartScreenEnabled: Warn)

Windows Firewall is enabled.

 

==================== MSCONFIG/TASK MANAGER disabled items ==

 

(If an entry is included in the fixlist, it will be removed.)

 

HKLM\...\StartupApproved\StartupFolder: => "HP JumpStart Launch.lnk"

HKLM\...\StartupApproved\Run: => "SecurityHealth"

HKLM\...\StartupApproved\Run: => "RtsCM"

HKLM\...\StartupApproved\Run32: => "HPMessageService"

HKLM\...\StartupApproved\Run32: => "HPRadioMgr"

HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\...\StartupApproved\Run: => "OfficeSyncProcess"

 

==================== FirewallRules (Whitelisted) ================

 

(If an entry is included in the fixlist, it will be removed from the registry. The file will not be moved unless listed separately.)

 

FirewallRules: [TCP Query User{686B8567-6404-46F1-B090-3A8C9C966DCF}C:\program files (x86)\epson software\event manager\eeventmanager.exe] => (Block) C:\program files (x86)\epson software\event manager\eeventmanager.exe (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION -> SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION)

FirewallRules: [UDP Query User{1189B6B3-BA57-4C85-802D-E20CC99A254A}C:\program files (x86)\epson software\event manager\eeventmanager.exe] => (Block) C:\program files (x86)\epson software\event manager\eeventmanager.exe (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION -> SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION)

FirewallRules: [{CDC90281-5630-4FC1-B718-3453990632B2}] => (Allow) C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\outlook.exe (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

FirewallRules: [{677BB39A-BDA1-47F2-9FE6-608DE7312E10}] => (Allow) C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\Lync.exe (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

FirewallRules: [{1CBA7942-A6B0-4499-B9CD-CE6CB2C5B3D6}] => (Allow) C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\Lync.exe (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

FirewallRules: [{2FE40D1E-B0DF-40E2-B6B9-FCEE5A4FAA9C}] => (Allow) C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\UcMapi.exe (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

FirewallRules: [{42B70782-8176-46E7-84F4-D7D216D5196C}] => (Allow) C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\UcMapi.exe (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

FirewallRules: [{D6F2D994-179B-4091-98C0-952D987D936B}] => (Allow) C:\Program Files (x86)\Google\Chrome\Application\chrome.exe (Google LLC -> Google LLC)

FirewallRules: [{3E1382BC-C345-4046-A0C1-47F6CC8AB0DF}] => (Allow) C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Application\CCleanerBrowser.exe (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software)

 

==================== Restore Points =========================

 

06-04-2021 11:20:29 Scheduled Checkpoint

14-04-2021 19:29:45 Scheduled Checkpoint

16-04-2021 15:12:30 Windows Modules Installer

17-04-2021 20:12:12 Windows Modules Installer

23-04-2021 04:07:08 Microsoft Visual C++ 2013 Redistributable (x86) - 12.0.40660

23-04-2021 04:07:29 Microsoft Visual C++ 2013 Redistributable (x64) - 12.0.40660

25-04-2021 16:17:28 Microsoft Visual C++ 2017 Redistributable (x86) - 14.15.26706

 

==================== Faulty Device Manager Devices ============

 

 

==================== Event log errors: ========================

 

Application errors:

==================

Error: (04/29/2021 04:04:01 AM) (Source: SideBySide) (EventID: 35) (User: )

Description: Activation context generation failed for "C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\lync.exe.Manifest".Error in manifest or policy file "C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\UccApi.DLL" on line 1.

Component identity found in manifest does not match the identity of the component requested.

Reference is UccApi,processorArchitecture="AMD64",type="win32",version="16.0.0.0".

Definition is UccApi,processorArchitecture="x86",type="win32",version="16.0.0.0".

Please use sxstrace.exe for detailed diagnosis.

 

Error: (04/29/2021 03:58:29 AM) (Source: Application Error) (EventID: 1000) (User: )

Description: Faulting application name: SearchApp.exe, version: 10.0.19041.844, time stamp: 0x69441820

Faulting module name: ConstraintIndex.Search.dll, version: 10.0.19041.746, time stamp: 0xd439ca93

Exception code: 0xc0000005

Fault offset: 0x00000000000917a2

Faulting process id: 0x5244

Faulting application start time: 0x01d73cd5d1a28403

Faulting application path: C:\Windows\SystemApps\Microsoft.Windows.Search_cw5n1h2txyewy\SearchApp.exe

Faulting module path: C:\Windows\System32\ConstraintIndex.Search.dll

Report Id: aea57847-f431-4e20-8935-4834bf4fa398

Faulting package full name: Microsoft.Windows.Search_1.14.0.19041_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy

Faulting package-relative application ID: CortanaUI

 

Error: (04/29/2021 03:58:22 AM) (Source: Application Error) (EventID: 1000) (User: )

Description: Faulting application name: SearchApp.exe, version: 10.0.19041.844, time stamp: 0x69441820

Faulting module name: ConstraintIndex.Search.dll, version: 10.0.19041.746, time stamp: 0xd439ca93

Exception code: 0xc0000005

Fault offset: 0x00000000000917a2

Faulting process id: 0x35b0

Faulting application start time: 0x01d73cd5cb8ade3e

Faulting application path: C:\Windows\SystemApps\Microsoft.Windows.Search_cw5n1h2txyewy\SearchApp.exe

Faulting module path: C:\Windows\System32\ConstraintIndex.Search.dll

Report Id: 12a95fa6-639e-490a-aed9-3284cd2249d9

Faulting package full name: Microsoft.Windows.Search_1.14.0.19041_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy

Faulting package-relative application ID: CortanaUI

 

Error: (04/29/2021 03:58:10 AM) (Source: Application Error) (EventID: 1000) (User: )

Description: Faulting application name: SearchApp.exe, version: 10.0.19041.844, time stamp: 0x69441820

Faulting module name: ConstraintIndex.Search.dll, version: 10.0.19041.746, time stamp: 0xd439ca93

Exception code: 0xc0000005

Fault offset: 0x00000000000917a2

Faulting process id: 0x4c64

Faulting application start time: 0x01d73cd5c475aea7

Faulting application path: C:\Windows\SystemApps\Microsoft.Windows.Search_cw5n1h2txyewy\SearchApp.exe

Faulting module path: C:\Windows\System32\ConstraintIndex.Search.dll

Report Id: a57bf986-fea2-4b28-b2d7-c891eb298055

Faulting package full name: Microsoft.Windows.Search_1.14.0.19041_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy

Faulting package-relative application ID: CortanaUI

 

Error: (04/29/2021 01:05:54 AM) (Source: Application Error) (EventID: 1000) (User: )

Description: Faulting application name: SearchApp.exe, version: 10.0.19041.844, time stamp: 0x69441820

Faulting module name: ConstraintIndex.Search.dll, version: 10.0.19041.746, time stamp: 0xd439ca93

Exception code: 0xc0000005

Fault offset: 0x00000000000917a2

Faulting process id: 0x11b8

Faulting application start time: 0x01d73ca48def8fe0

Faulting application path: C:\Windows\SystemApps\Microsoft.Windows.Search_cw5n1h2txyewy\SearchApp.exe

Faulting module path: C:\Windows\System32\ConstraintIndex.Search.dll

Report Id: 42c58136-502c-4f10-a550-ca3fe6acffdc

Faulting package full name: Microsoft.Windows.Search_1.14.0.19041_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy

Faulting package-relative application ID: CortanaUI

 

Error: (04/28/2021 10:05:44 PM) (Source: Application Error) (EventID: 1000) (User: )

Description: Faulting application name: SearchApp.exe, version: 10.0.19041.844, time stamp: 0x69441820

Faulting module name: ConstraintIndex.Search.dll, version: 10.0.19041.746, time stamp: 0xd439ca93

Exception code: 0xc0000005

Fault offset: 0x00000000000917a2

Faulting process id: 0x2d7c

Faulting application start time: 0x01d73ca48abf593f

Faulting application path: C:\Windows\SystemApps\Microsoft.Windows.Search_cw5n1h2txyewy\SearchApp.exe

Faulting module path: C:\Windows\System32\ConstraintIndex.Search.dll

Report Id: c09345e4-4a32-4efe-93f6-35d1a10137d3

Faulting package full name: Microsoft.Windows.Search_1.14.0.19041_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy

Faulting package-relative application ID: CortanaUI

 

Error: (04/28/2021 10:05:38 PM) (Source: Application Error) (EventID: 1000) (User: )

Description: Faulting application name: SearchApp.exe, version: 10.0.19041.844, time stamp: 0x69441820

Faulting module name: ConstraintIndex.Search.dll, version: 10.0.19041.746, time stamp: 0xd439ca93

Exception code: 0xc0000005

Fault offset: 0x00000000000917a2

Faulting process id: 0x2080

Faulting application start time: 0x01d73ca4873e645e

Faulting application path: C:\Windows\SystemApps\Microsoft.Windows.Search_cw5n1h2txyewy\SearchApp.exe

Faulting module path: C:\Windows\System32\ConstraintIndex.Search.dll

Report Id: 3756a366-c62a-4530-bab4-a1c53ae16a28

Faulting package full name: Microsoft.Windows.Search_1.14.0.19041_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy

Faulting package-relative application ID: CortanaUI

 

Error: (04/28/2021 10:04:20 PM) (Source: Application Error) (EventID: 1000) (User: )

Description: Faulting application name: SearchApp.exe, version: 10.0.19041.844, time stamp: 0x69441820

Faulting module name: ConstraintIndex.Search.dll, version: 10.0.19041.746, time stamp: 0xd439ca93

Exception code: 0xc0000005

Fault offset: 0x00000000000917a2

Faulting process id: 0x46f0

Faulting application start time: 0x01d73ca458e99d08

Faulting application path: C:\Windows\SystemApps\Microsoft.Windows.Search_cw5n1h2txyewy\SearchApp.exe

Faulting module path: C:\Windows\System32\ConstraintIndex.Search.dll

Report Id: 8250590b-e29f-401b-a7ee-af0da1b7c754

Faulting package full name: Microsoft.Windows.Search_1.14.0.19041_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy

Faulting package-relative application ID: CortanaUI

 

 

System errors:

=============

Error: (04/28/2021 09:48:47 PM) (Source: DCOM) (EventID: 10010) (User: AKINTOLA)

Description: The server Microsoft.SkypeApp_15.68.96.0_x86__kzf8qxf38zg5c!App.AppXtwmqn4em5r5dpafgj4t4yyxgjfe0hr50.mca did not register with DCOM within the required timeout.

 

Error: (04/26/2021 01:29:26 PM) (Source: DCOM) (EventID: 10010) (User: AKINTOLA)

Description: The server Microsoft.SkypeApp_15.68.96.0_x86__kzf8qxf38zg5c!App.AppXtwmqn4em5r5dpafgj4t4yyxgjfe0hr50.mca did not register with DCOM within the required timeout.

 

Error: (04/26/2021 01:28:14 PM) (Source: DCOM) (EventID: 10010) (User: AKINTOLA)

Description: The server Microsoft.Windows.Search_1.14.0.19041_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy!CortanaUI did not register with DCOM within the required timeout.

 

Error: (04/26/2021 01:28:12 PM) (Source: DCOM) (EventID: 10010) (User: AKINTOLA)

Description: The server Microsoft.Windows.Search_1.14.0.19041_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy!CortanaUI did not register with DCOM within the required timeout.

 

Error: (04/26/2021 01:28:10 PM) (Source: DCOM) (EventID: 10010) (User: AKINTOLA)

Description: The server {776DBC8D-7347-478C-8D71-791E12EF49D8} did not register with DCOM within the required timeout.

 

Error: (04/26/2021 01:28:09 PM) (Source: DCOM) (EventID: 10010) (User: AKINTOLA)

Description: The server {776DBC8D-7347-478C-8D71-791E12EF49D8} did not register with DCOM within the required timeout.

 

Error: (04/26/2021 12:42:00 PM) (Source: DCOM) (EventID: 10010) (User: AKINTOLA)

Description: The server Microsoft.SkypeApp_15.68.96.0_x86__kzf8qxf38zg5c!App.AppXtwmqn4em5r5dpafgj4t4yyxgjfe0hr50.mca did not register with DCOM within the required timeout.

 

Error: (04/26/2021 12:38:07 PM) (Source: DCOM) (EventID: 10010) (User: AKINTOLA)

Description: The server Microsoft.SkypeApp_15.68.96.0_x86__kzf8qxf38zg5c!App.AppXtwmqn4em5r5dpafgj4t4yyxgjfe0hr50.mca did not register with DCOM within the required timeout.

 

 

Windows Defender:

================

Date: 2021-04-25 23:34:04

Description: 

Microsoft Defender Antivirus has encountered an error trying to update security intelligence.

New security intelligence Version: 

Previous security intelligence Version: 1.307.2129.0

Update Source: Microsoft Malware Protection Center

Security intelligence Type: AntiVirus

Update Type: Full

Current Engine Version: 

Previous Engine Version: 1.1.16600.7

Error code: 0x80072ee7

Error description: The server name or address could not be resolved 

 

Date: 2021-04-25 23:34:04

Description: 

Microsoft Defender Antivirus has encountered an error trying to update security intelligence.

New security intelligence Version: 

Previous security intelligence Version: 1.307.2129.0

Update Source: Microsoft Malware Protection Center

Security intelligence Type: AntiSpyware

Update Type: Full

Current Engine Version: 

Previous Engine Version: 1.1.16600.7

Error code: 0x80072ee7

Error description: The server name or address could not be resolved 

 

Date: 2021-04-25 23:34:04

Description: 

Microsoft Defender Antivirus has encountered an error trying to update security intelligence.

New security intelligence Version: 

Previous security intelligence Version: 1.307.2129.0

Update Source: Microsoft Malware Protection Center

Security intelligence Type: AntiVirus

Update Type: Full

Current Engine Version: 

Previous Engine Version: 1.1.16600.7

Error code: 0x80072ee7

Error description: The server name or address could not be resolved 

 

Date: 2021-04-25 23:34:04

Description: 

Microsoft Defender Antivirus has encountered an error trying to update security intelligence.

New security intelligence Version: 

Previous security intelligence Version: 1.307.2129.0

Update Source: Microsoft Malware Protection Center

Security intelligence Type: AntiVirus

Update Type: Full

Current Engine Version: 

Previous Engine Version: 1.1.16600.7

Error code: 0x80072ee7

Error description: The server name or address could not be resolved 

 

Date: 2021-04-25 23:34:04

Description: 

Microsoft Defender Antivirus has encountered an error trying to update security intelligence.

New security intelligence Version: 

Previous security intelligence Version: 1.307.2129.0

Update Source: Microsoft Malware Protection Center

Security intelligence Type: AntiSpyware

Update Type: Full

Current Engine Version: 

Previous Engine Version: 1.1.16600.7

Error code: 0x80072ee7

Error description: The server name or address could not be resolved 

 

CodeIntegrity:

===============

Date: 2021-04-29 03:59:00

Description: 

Code Integrity determined that a process (\Device\HarddiskVolume4\Windows\System32\svchost.exe) attempted to load \Device\HarddiskVolume4\Program Files\Bitdefender Antivirus Free\bdamsi\265246505982159575\antimalware_provider64.dll that did not meet the Windows signing level requirements.

 

Date: 2021-04-28 21:52:04

Description: 

Code Integrity determined that a process (\Device\HarddiskVolume4\Windows\System32\SIHClient.exe) attempted to load \Device\HarddiskVolume4\Program Files\Bitdefender Antivirus Free\bdamsi\265246505982159575\antimalware_provider64.dll that did not meet the Windows signing level requirements.

 

 

==================== Memory info =========================== 

 

BIOS: American Megatrends Inc. F.49 05/03/2019

Motherboard: HP 827E

Processor: Intel® Core™ i7-7500U CPU @ 2.70GHz

Percentage of memory in use: 52%

Total physical RAM: 16228 MB

Available physical RAM: 7649.44 MB

Total Virtual: 21348 MB

Available Virtual: 11279.53 MB

 

==================== Drives ================================

 

Drive c: () (Fixed) (Total:389.6 GB) (Free:169.05 GB) NTFS

Drive d: (New Volume) (Fixed) (Total:85.83 GB) (Free:65.36 GB) NTFS

 

\\?\Volume{c18fd44d-389b-4603-9c31-c1edf13516c0}\ (Recovery) (Fixed) (Total:0.29 GB) (Free:0.28 GB) NTFS

\\?\Volume{b28f976c-2618-4ad6-93de-c9606b9935e4}\ () (Fixed) (Total:0.96 GB) (Free:0.33 GB) NTFS

\\?\Volume{bb7a50f4-dc08-4c63-aa50-e70ec6a245bd}\ () (Fixed) (Total:0.24 GB) (Free:0.14 GB) FAT32

 

==================== MBR & Partition Table ====================

 

==========================================================

Disk: 0 (Size: 476.9 GB) (Disk ID: 033362DE)

 

Partition: GPT.

 

==================== End of Addition.txt =======================


Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]
dc`

5.4. DES, Breaking DES, and DES Variants

The Data Encryption Standard (DES) started life in the mid-1970s, adopted by the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) [now the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)] as Federal Information Processing Standard 46 (FIPS PUB 46-3) and by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) as X3.92.

As mentioned earlier, DES uses the Data Encryption Algorithm (DEA), a secret key block-cipher employing a 56-bit key operating on 64-bit blocks. FIPS PUB 81 describes four modes of DES operation: Electronic Codebook (ECB), Cipher Block Chaining (CBC), Cipher Feedback (CFB), and Output Feedback (OFB). Despite all of these options, ECB is the most commonly deployed mode of operation.

NIST finally declared DES obsolete in 2004, and withdrew FIPS PUB 46-3, 74, and 81 (Federal Register, July 26, 2004, 69(142), 44509-44510). Although other block ciphers have replaced DES, it is still interesting to see how DES encryption is performed; not only is it sort of neat, but DES was the first crypto scheme commonly seen in non-governmental applications and was the catalyst for modern "public" cryptography and the first public Feistel cipher. DES still remains in many products — and cryptography students and cryptographers will continue to study DES for years to come.

DES Operational Overview

DES uses a 56-bit key. In fact, the 56-bit key is divided into eight 7-bit blocks and an 8th odd parity bit is added to each block (i.e., a "0" or "1" is added to the block so that there are an odd number of 1 bits in each 8-bit block). By using the 8 parity bits for rudimentary error detection, a DES key is actually 64 bits in length for computational purposes although it only has 56 bits worth of randomness, or entropy (See Section A.3 for a brief discussion of entropy and information theory).

FIGURE 11: DES enciphering algorithm.

DES then acts on 64-bit blocks of the plaintext, invoking 16 rounds of permutations, swaps, and substitutes, as shown in Figure 11. The standard includes tables describing all of the selection, permutation, and expansion operations mentioned below; these aspects of the algorithm are not secrets. The basic DES steps are:

  1. The 64-bit block to be encrypted undergoes an initial permutation (IP), where each bit is moved to a new bit position; e.g., the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd bits are moved to the 58th, 50th, and 42nd position, respectively.

  2. The 64-bit permuted input is divided into two 32-bit blocks, called left and right, respectively. The initial values of the left and right blocks are denoted L0 and R0.

  3. There are then 16 rounds of operation on the L and R blocks. During each iteration (where n ranges from 1 to 16), the following formulae apply:

      Ln = Rn-1
      Rn = Ln-1 ⊕ f(Rn-1,Kn)

    At any given step in the process, then, the new L block value is merely taken from the prior R block value. The new R block is calculated by taking the bit-by-bit exclusive-OR (XOR) of the prior L block with the results of applying the DES cipher function, f, to the prior R block and Kn. (Kn is a 48-bit value derived from the 64-bit DES key. Each round uses a different 48 bits according to the standard's Key Schedule algorithm.)

    The cipher function, f, combines the 32-bit R block value and the 48-bit subkey in the following way. First, the 32 bits in the R block are expanded to 48 bits by an expansion function (E); the extra 16 bits are found by repeating the bits in 16 predefined positions. The 48-bit expanded R-block is then ORed with the 48-bit subkey. The result is a 48-bit value that is then divided into eight 6-bit blocks. These are fed as input into 8 selection (S) boxes, denoted S1,...,S8. Each 6-bit input yields a 4-bit output using a table lookup based on the 64 possible inputs; this results in a 32-bit output from the S-box. The 32 bits are then rearranged by a permutation function (P), producing the results from the cipher function.

  4. The results from the final DES round — i.e., L16 and R16 — are recombined into a 64-bit value and fed into an inverse initial permutation (IP-1). At this step, the bits are rearranged into their original positions, so that the 58th, 50th, and 42nd bits, for example, are moved back into the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd positions, respectively. The output from IP-1 is the 64-bit ciphertext block.

Consider this example using DES in CBC mode with the following 56-bit key and input:

    Key: 1100101 0100100 1001001 0011101 0110101 0101011 1101100 0011010 = 0x6424491D352B6C1A

    Input character string (ASCII/IA5): +2903015-08091765
    Input string (hex): 0x2B323930333031352D3038303931373635

    Output string (hex): 0x9812CB620B2E9FD3AD90DE2B92C6BBB6C52753AC43E1AFA6
    Output character string (BASE64): mBLLYgsun9OtkN4rksa7tsUnU6xD4a+m

Observe that we start with a 17-byte input message. DES acts on eight bytes at a time, so this message is padded to 24 bytes and provides three "inputs" to the cipher algorithm (we don't see the padding here; it is appended by the DES code). Since we have three input blocks, we get 24 bytes of output from the three 64-bit (eight byte) output blocks.

If you want to test this, a really good free, online DES calculator hosted by the Information Security Group at University College London. An excellent step-by-step example of DES can also be found at J. Orlin Grabbe's The DES Algorithm Illustrated page.


NOTE: You'll notice that the output above is shown in BASE64. BASE64 is a 64-character alphabet — i.e., a six-bit character code composed of upper- and lower-case letters, the digits 0-9, and a few punctuation characters — that is commonly used as a way to display binary data. A byte has eight bits, or 256 values, but not all 256 ASCII characters are defined and/or printable. BASE64, simply, takes a binary string (or file), divides it into six-bit blocks, and translates each block into a printable character. More information about BASE64 can be found at my BASE64 Alphabet page or at Wikipedia.

Breaking DES

The mainstream cryptographic community has long held that DES's 56-bit key was too short to withstand a brute-force attack from modern computers. Remember Moore's Law: computer power doubles every 18 months. Given that increase in power, a key that could withstand a brute-force guessing attack in 1975 could hardly be expected to withstand the same attack a quarter century later.

DES is even more vulnerable to a brute-force attack because it is often used to encrypt words, meaning that the entropy of the 64-bit block is, effectively, greatly reduced. That is, if we are encrypting random bit streams, then a given byte might contain any one of 28 (256) possible values and the entire 64-bit block has 264, or about 18.5 quintillion, possible values. If we are encrypting words, however, we are most likely to find a limited set of bit patterns; perhaps 70 or so if we account for upper and lower case letters, the numbers, space, and some punctuation. This means that only about ¼ of the bit combinations of a given byte are likely to occur.

Despite this criticism, the U.S. government insisted throughout the mid-1990s that 56-bit DES was secure and virtually unbreakable if appropriate precautions were taken. In response, RSA Laboratories sponsored a series of cryptographic challenges to prove that DES was no longer appropriate for use.

DES Challenge I was launched in March 1997. It was completed in 84 days by R. Verser in a collaborative effort using thousands of computers on the Internet.

The first DES Challenge II lasted 40 days in early 1998. This problem was solved by distributed.net, a worldwide distributed computing network using the spare CPU cycles of computers around the Internet (participants in distributed.net's activities load a client program that runs in the background, conceptually similar to the SETI @Home "Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence" project). The distributed.net systems were checking 28 billion keys per second by the end of the project.

The second DES Challenge II lasted less than 3 days. On July 17, 1998, the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) announced the construction of hardware that could brute-force a DES key in an average of 4.5 days. Called Deep Crack, the device could check 90 billion keys per second and cost only about $220,000 including design (it was erroneously and widely reported that subsequent devices could be built for as little as $50,000). Since the design is scalable, this suggests that an organization could build a DES cracker that could break 56-bit keys in an average of a day for as little as $1,000,000. Information about the hardware design and all software can be obtained from the EFF.

The DES Challenge III, launched in January 1999, was broken is less than a day by the combined efforts of Deep Crack and distributed.net. This is widely considered to have been the final nail in DES's coffin.

The Deep Crack algorithm is actually quite interesting. The general approach that the DES Cracker Project took was not to break the algorithm mathematically but instead to launch a brute-force attack by guessing every possible key. A 56-bit key yields 256, or about 72 quadrillion, possible values. So the DES cracker team looked for any shortcuts they could find! First, they assumed that some recognizable plaintext would appear in the decrypted string even though they didn't have a specific known plaintext block. They then applied all 256 possible key values to the 64-bit block (I don't mean to make this sound simple!). The system checked to see if the decrypted value of the block was "interesting," which they defined as bytes containing one of the alphanumeric characters, space, or some punctuation. Since the likelihood of a single byte being "interesting" is about ¼, then the likelihood of the entire 8-byte stream being "interesting" is about ¼8, or 1/65536 (½16). This dropped the number of possible keys that might yield positive results to about 240, or about a trillion.

They then made the assumption that an "interesting" 8-byte block would be followed by another "interesting" block. So, if the first block of ciphertext decrypted to something interesting, they decrypted the next block; otherwise, they abandoned this key. Only if the second block was also "interesting" did they examine the key closer. Looking for 16 consecutive bytes that were "interesting" meant that only 224, or 16 million, keys needed to be examined further. This further examination was primarily to see if the text made any sense. Note that possible "interesting" blocks might be 1hJ5&aB7 or DEPOSITS; the latter is more likely to produce a better result. And even a slow laptop today can search through lists of only a few million items in a relatively short period of time. (Interested readers are urged to read Cracking DES and EFF's Cracking DES page.)

It is well beyond the scope of this paper to discuss other forms of breaking DES and other codes. Nevertheless, it is worth mentioning a couple of forms of cryptanalysis that have been shown to be effective against DES. Differential cryptanalysis, invented in 1990 by E. Biham and A. Shamir (of RSA fame), is a chosen-plaintext attack. By selecting pairs of plaintext with particular differences, the cryptanalyst examines the differences in the resultant ciphertext pairs. Linear plaintext, invented by M. Matsui, uses a linear approximation to analyze the actions of a block cipher (including DES). Both of these attacks can be more efficient than brute force.

DES Variants

Once DES was "officially" broken, several variants appeared. But none of them came overnight; work at hardening DES had already been underway. In the early 1990s, there was a proposal to increase the security of DES by effectively increasing the key length by using multiple keys with multiple passes. But for this scheme to work, it had to first be shown that the DES function is not a group, as defined in mathematics. If DES was a group, then we could show that for two DES keys, X1 and X2, applied to some plaintext (P), we can find a single equivalent key, X3, that would provide the same result; i.e.,

EX2(EX1(P)) = EX3(P)

where EX(P) represents DES encryption of some plaintext P using DES key X. If DES were a group, it wouldn't matter how many keys and passes we applied to some plaintext; we could always find a single 56-bit key that would provide the same result.

Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

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Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

An Overview of Cryptography

1. INTRODUCTION

Does increased security provide comfort to paranoid people? Or does security provide some very basic protections that we are naive to believe that we don't need? During this time when the Internet provides essential communication between literally billions of people and is used as a tool for commerce, social interaction, and the exchange of an increasing amount of personal information, security has become a tremendously important issue for every user to deal with.

There are many aspects to security and many applications, ranging from secure commerce and payments to private communications and protecting health care information. One essential aspect for secure communications is that of cryptography. But it is important to note that while cryptography is necessary for secure communications, it is not by itself sufficient. The reader is advised, then, that the topics covered here only describe the first of many steps necessary for better security in any number of situations.

This paper has two major purposes. The first is to define some of the terms and concepts behind basic cryptographic methods, and to offer a way to compare the myriad cryptographic schemes in use today. The second is to provide some real examples of cryptography in use today. (See Section A.4 for some additional commentary on this...)

DISCLAIMER: Several companies, products, and services are mentioned in this tutorial. Such mention is for example purposes only and, unless explicitly stated otherwise, should not be taken as a recommendation or endorsement by the author.

2. BASIC CONCEPTS OF CRYPTOGRAPHY

Cryptography — the science of secret writing — is an ancient art; the first documented use of cryptography in writing dates back to circa 1900 B.C. when an Egyptian scribe used non-standard hieroglyphs in an inscription. Some experts argue that cryptography appeared spontaneously sometime after writing was invented, with applications ranging from diplomatic missives to war-time battle plans. It is no surprise, then, that new forms of cryptography came soon after the widespread development of computer communications. In data and telecommunications, cryptography is necessary when communicating over any untrusted medium, which includes just about any network, particularly the Internet.

There are five primary functions of cryptography:

  1. Privacy/confidentiality: Ensuring that no one can read the message except the intended receiver.
  2. Authentication: The process of proving one's identity.
  3. Integrity: Assuring the receiver that the received message has not been altered in any way from the original.
  4. Non-repudiation: A mechanism to prove that the sender really sent this message.
  5. Key exchange: The method by which crypto keys are shared between sender and receiver.

In cryptography, we start with the unencrypted data, referred to as plaintext. Plaintext is encrypted into ciphertext, which will in turn (usually) be decrypted back into usable plaintext. The encryption and decryption is based upon the type of cryptography scheme being employed and some form of key. For those who like formulas, this process is sometimes written as:

C = Ek(P)
P = Dk(C)

      where P = plaintext, C = ciphertext, E = the encryption method, D = the decryption method, and k = the key.

Given this, there are other functions that might be supported by crypto and other terms that one might hear:

  • Forward Secrecy (aka Perfect Forward Secrecy): This feature protects past encrypted sessions from compromise even if the server holding the messages is compromised. This is accomplished by creating a different key for every session so that compromise of a single key does not threaten the entirely of the communications.
  • Perfect Security: A system that is unbreakable and where the ciphertext conveys no information about the plaintext or the key. To achieve perfect security, the key has to be at least as long as the plaintext, making analysis and even brute-force attacks impossible. One-time pads are an example of such a system.
  • Deniable Authentication (aka Message Repudiation): A method whereby participants in an exchange of messages can be assured in the authenticity of the messages but in such a way that senders can later plausibly deny their participation to a third-party.

In many of the descriptions below, two communicating parties will be referred to as Alice and Bob; this is the common nomenclature in the crypto field and literature to make it easier to identify the communicating parties. If there is a third and fourth party to the communication, they will be referred to as Carol and Dave, respectively. A malicious party is referred to as Mallory, an eavesdropper as Eve, and a trusted third party as Trent.

Finally, cryptography is most closely associated with the development and creation of the mathematical algorithms used to encrypt and decrypt messages, whereas cryptanalysis is the science of analyzing and breaking encryption schemes. Cryptology is the umbrella term referring to the broad study of secret writing, and encompasses both cryptography and cryptanalysis.

3. TYPES OF CRYPTOGRAPHIC ALGORITHMS

There are several ways of classifying cryptographic algorithms. For purposes of this paper, they will be categorized based on the number of keys that are employed for encryption and decryption, and further defined by their application and use. The three types of algorithms that will be discussed are (Figure 1):

  • Secret Key Cryptography (SKC): Uses a single key for both encryption and decryption; also called symmetric encryption. Primarily used for privacy and confidentiality.
  • Public Key Cryptography (PKC): Uses one key for encryption and another for decryption; also called asymmetric encryption. Primarily used for authentication, non-repudiation, and key exchange.
  • Hash Functions: Uses a mathematical transformation to irreversibly "encrypt" information, providing a digital fingerprint. Primarily used for message integrity.

FIGURE 1: Three types of cryptography: secret key, public key, and hash function.

3.1. Secret Key Cryptography

Secret key cryptography methods employ a single key for both encryption and decryption. As shown in Figure 1A, the sender uses the key to encrypt the plaintext and sends the ciphertext to the receiver. The receiver applies the same key to decrypt the message and recover the plaintext. Because a single key is used for both functions, secret key cryptography is also called symmetric encryption.

With this form of cryptography, it is obvious that the key must be known to both the sender and the receiver; that, in fact, is the secret. The biggest difficulty with this approach, of course, is the distribution of the key (more on that later in the discussion of public key cryptography).

Secret key cryptography schemes are generally categorized as being either stream ciphers or block ciphers.

A) Self-synchronizing stream cipher. (From Schneier, 1996, Figure 9.8)

B) Synchronous stream cipher. (From Schneier, 1996, Figure 9.6)

FIGURE 2: Types of stream ciphers.

Stream ciphers operate on a single bit (byte or computer word) at a time and implement some form of feedback mechanism so that the key is constantly changing. Stream ciphers come in several flavors but two are worth mentioning here (Figure 2). Self-synchronizing stream ciphers calculate each bit in the keystream as a function of the previous n bits in the keystream. It is termed "self-synchronizing" because the decryption process can stay synchronized with the encryption process merely by knowing how far into the n-bit keystream it is. One problem is error propagation; a garbled bit in transmission will result in n garbled bits at the receiving side. Synchronous stream ciphers generate the keystream in a fashion independent of the message stream but by using the same keystream generation function at sender and receiver. While stream ciphers do not propagate transmission errors, they are, by their nature, periodic so that the keystream will eventually repeat.

FIGURE 3: Feistel cipher. (Source: Wikimedia Commons)

A block cipher is so-called because the scheme encrypts one fixed-size block of data at a time. In a block cipher, a given plaintext block will always encrypt to the same ciphertext when using the same key (i.e., it is deterministic) whereas the same plaintext will encrypt to different ciphertext in a stream cipher. The most common construct for block encryption algorithms is the Feistel cipher, named for cryptographer Horst Feistel (IBM). As shown in Figure 3, a Feistel cipher combines elements of substitution, permutation (transposition), and key expansion; these features create a large amount of "confusion and diffusion" (per Claude Shannon) in the cipher. One advantage of the Feistel design is that the encryption and decryption stages are similar, sometimes identical, requiring only a reversal of the key operation, thus dramatically reducing the size of the code or circuitry necessary to implement the cipher in software or hardware, respectively. One of Feistel's early papers describing this operation is "Cryptography and Computer Privacy" (Scientific American, May 1973, 228(5), 15-23).

Block ciphers can operate in one of several modes; the following are the most important:

  • Electronic Codebook (ECB) mode is the simplest, most obvious application: the secret key is used to encrypt the plaintext block to form a ciphertext block. Two identical plaintext blocks, then, will always generate the same ciphertext block. ECB is susceptible to a variety of brute-force attacks (because of the fact that the same plaintext block will always encrypt to the same ciphertext), as well as deletion and insertion attacks. In addition, a single bit error in the transmission of the ciphertext results in an error in the entire block of decrypted plaintext.
  • Cipher Block Chaining (CBC) mode adds a feedback mechanism to the encryption scheme; the plaintext is exclusively-ORed (XORed) with the previous ciphertext block prior to encryption so that two identical plaintext blocks will encrypt differently. While CBC protects against many brute-force, deletion, and insertion attacks, a single bit error in the ciphertext yields an entire block error in the decrypted plaintext block and a bit error in the next decrypted plaintext block.
  • Cipher Feedback (CFB) mode is a block cipher implementation as a self-synchronizing stream cipher. CFB mode allows data to be encrypted in units smaller than the block size, which might be useful in some applications such as encrypting interactive terminal input. If we were using one-byte CFB mode, for example, each incoming character is placed into a shift register the same size as the block, encrypted, and the block transmitted. At the receiving side, the ciphertext is decrypted and the extra bits in the block (i.e., everything above and beyond the one byte) are discarded. CFB mode generates a keystream based upon the previous ciphertext (the initial key comes from an Initialization Vector [IV]). In this mode, a single bit error in the ciphertext affects both this block and the following one.
  • Output Feedback (OFB) mode is a block cipher implementation conceptually similar to a synchronous stream cipher. OFB prevents the same plaintext block from generating the same ciphertext block by using an internal feedback mechanism that generates the keystream independently of both the plaintext and ciphertext bitstreams. In OFB, a single bit error in ciphertext yields a single bit error in the decrypted plaintext.
  • Counter (CTR) mode is a relatively modern addition to block ciphers. Like CFB and OFB, CTR mode operates on the blocks as in a stream cipher; like ECB, CTR mode operates on the blocks independently. Unlike ECB, however, CTR uses different key inputs to different blocks so that two identical blocks of plaintext will not result in the same ciphertext. Finally, each block of ciphertext has specific location within the encrypted message. CTR mode, then, allows blocks to be processed in parallel — thus offering performance advantages when parallel processing and multiple processors are available — but is not susceptible to ECB's brute-force, deletion, and insertion attacks.

A good overview of these different modes can be found at CRYPTO-IT.

Secret key cryptography algorithms in use today — or, at least, important today even if not in use — include:

  • Data Encryption Standard (DES): One of the most well-known and well-studied SKC schemes, DES was designed by IBM in the 1970s and adopted by the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) [now the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)] in 1977 for commercial and unclassified government applications. DES is a Feistel block-cipher employing a 56-bit key that operates on 64-bit blocks. DES has a complex set of rules and transformations that were designed specifically to yield fast hardware implementations and slow software implementations, although this latter point is not significant today since the speed of computer processors is several orders of magnitude faster today than even twenty years ago. DES was based somewhat on an earlier cipher from Feistel called Lucifer which, some sources report, had a 112-bit key. This was rejected, partially in order to fit the algorithm onto a single chip and partially because of the National Security Agency (NSA). The NSA also proposed a number of tweaks to DES that many thought were introduced in order to weaken the cipher; analysis in the 1990s, however, showed that the NSA suggestions actually strengthened DES, including the removal of a mathematical back door by a change to the design of the S-box (see "The Legacy of DES" by Bruce Schneier [2004]). In April 2021, the NSA declassified a fascinating historical paper titled "NSA Comes Out of the Closet: The Debate over Public Cryptography in the Inman Era" that appeared in Cryptologic Quarterly, Spring 1996.

    DES was defined in American National Standard X3.92 and three Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS), all withdrawn in 2005:

    • FIPS PUB 46-3: DES (Archived file)
    • FIPS PUB 74: Guidelines for Implementing and Using the NBS Data Encryption Standard
    • FIPS PUB 81: DES Modes of Operation

    Information about vulnerabilities of DES can be obtained from the Electronic Frontier Foundation.

    Two important variants that strengthen DES are:

    • Triple-DES (3DES): A variant of DES that employs up to three 56-bit keys and makes three encryption/decryption passes over the block; 3DES is also described in FIPS PUB 46-3 and was an interim replacement to DES in the late-1990s and early-2000s.

    • DESX: A variant devised by Ron Rivest. By combining 64 additional key bits to the plaintext prior to encryption, effectively increases the keylength to 120 bits.

    More detail about DES, 3DES, and DESX can be found below in Section 5.4.

  • Advanced Encryption Standard (AES): In 1997, NIST initiated a very public, 4-1/2 year process to develop a new secure cryptosystem for U.S. government applications (as opposed to the very closed process in the adoption of DES 25 years earlier). The result, the Advanced Encryption Standard, became the official successor to DES in December 2001. AES uses an SKC scheme called Rijndael, a block cipher designed by Belgian cryptographers Joan Daemen and Vincent Rijmen. The algorithm can use a variable block length and key length; the latest specification allowed any combination of keys lengths of 128, 192, or 256 bits and blocks of length 128, 192, or 256 bits. NIST initially selected Rijndael in October 2000 and formal adoption as the AES standard came in December 2001. FIPS PUB 197 describes a 128-bit block cipher employing a 128-, 192-, or 256-bit key. AES is also part of the NESSIE approved suite of protocols. (See also the entries for CRYPTEC and NESSIE Projects in Table 3.)

    The AES process and Rijndael algorithm are described in more detail below in Section 5.9.

  • CAST-128/256: CAST-128 (aka CAST5), described in Request for Comments (RFC) 2144, is a DES-like substitution-permutation crypto algorithm, employing a 128-bit key operating on a 64-bit block. CAST-256 (aka CAST6), described in RFC 2612, is an extension of CAST-128, using a 128-bit block size and a variable length (128, 160, 192, 224, or 256 bit) key. CAST is named for its developers, Carlisle Adams and Stafford Tavares, and is available internationally. CAST-256 was one of the Round 1 algorithms in the AES process.

  • International Data Encryption Algorithm (IDEA): Secret-key cryptosystem written by Xuejia Lai and James Massey, in 1992 and patented by Ascom; a 64-bit SKC block cipher using a 128-bit key.

  • Rivest Ciphers (aka Ron's Code): Named for Ron Rivest, a series of SKC algorithms.

    • RC1: Designed on paper but never implemented.

    • RC2: A 64-bit block cipher using variable-sized keys designed to replace DES. It's code has not been made public although many companies have licensed RC2 for use in their products. Described in RFC 2268.

    • RC3: Found to be breakable during development.

    • RC4: A stream cipher using variable-sized keys; it is widely used in commercial cryptography products. An update to RC4, called Spritz (see also this article), was designed by Rivest and Jacob Schuldt. More detail about RC4 (and a little about Spritz) can be found below in Section 5.13.

    • RC5: A block-cipher supporting a variety of block sizes (32, 64, or 128 bits), key sizes, and number of encryption passes over the data. Described in RFC 2040.

    • RC6: A 128-bit block cipher based upon, and an improvement over, RC5; RC6 was one of the AES Round 2 algorithms.

  • Blowfish: A symmetric 64-bit block cipher invented by Bruce Schneier; optimized for 32-bit processors with large data caches, it is significantly faster than DES on a Pentium/PowerPC-class machine. Key lengths can vary from 32 to 448 bits in length. Blowfish, available freely and intended as a substitute for DES or IDEA, is in use in a large number of products.

  • Twofish: A 128-bit block cipher using 128-, 192-, or 256-bit keys. Designed to be highly secure and highly flexible, well-suited for large microprocessors, 8-bit smart card microprocessors, and dedicated hardware. Designed by a team led by Bruce Schneier and was one of the Round 2 algorithms in the AES process.

  • Threefish: A large block cipher, supporting 256-, 512-, and 1024-bit blocks and a key size that matches the block size; by design, the block/key size can grow in increments of 128 bits. Threefish only uses XOR operations, addition, and rotations of 64-bit words; the design philosophy is that an algorithm employing many computationally simple rounds is more secure than one employing highly complex — albeit fewer — rounds. The specification for Threefish is part of the Skein Hash Function Family documentation.

  • Anubis: Anubis is a block cipher, co-designed by Vincent Rijmen who was one of the designers of Rijndael. Anubis is a block cipher, performing substitution-permutation operations on 128-bit blocks and employing keys of length 128 to 3200 bits (in 32-bit increments). Anubis works very much like Rijndael. Although submitted to the NESSIE project, it did not make the final cut for inclusion.

  • ARIA: A 128-bit block cipher employing 128-, 192-, and 256-bit keys to encrypt 128-bit blocks in 12, 14, and 16 rounds, depending on the key size. Developed by large group of researchers from academic institutions, research institutes, and federal agencies in South Korea in 2003, and subsequently named a national standard. Described in RFC 5794.

  • Camellia: A secret-key, block-cipher crypto algorithm developed jointly by Nippon Telegraph and Telephone (NTT) Corp. and Mitsubishi Electric Corporation (MEC) in 2000. Camellia has some characteristics in common with AES: a 128-bit block size, support for 128-, 192-, and 256-bit key lengths, and suitability for both software and hardware implementations on common 32-bit processors as well as 8-bit processors (e.g., smart cards, cryptographic hardware, and embedded systems). Also described in RFC 3713. Camellia's application in IPsec is described in RFC 4312 and application in OpenPGP in RFC 5581. Camellia is part of the NESSIE suite of protocols.

  • CLEFIA: Described in RFC 6114, CLEFIA is a 128-bit block cipher employing key lengths of 128, 192, and 256 bits (which is compatible with AES). The CLEFIA algorithm was first published in 2007 by Sony Corporation. CLEFIA is one of the new-generation lightweight blockcipher algorithms designed after AES, offering high performance in software and hardware as well as a lightweight implementation in hardware.

  • FFX-A2 and FFX-A10: FFX (Format-preserving, Feistel-based encryption) is a type of Format Preserving Encryption (FPE) scheme that is designed so that the ciphertext has the same format as the plaintext. FPE schemes are used for such purposes as encrypting social security numbers, credit card numbers, limited size protocol traffic, etc.; this means that an encrypted social security number, for example, would still be a nine-digit string. FFX can theoretically encrypt strings of arbitrary length, although it is intended for message sizes smaller than that of AES-128 (2128 points). The FFX version 1.1 specification describes FFX-A2 and FFX-A10, which are intended for 8-128 bit binary strings or 4-36 digit decimal strings.

  • GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications, originally Groupe Spécial Mobile) encryption: GSM mobile phone systems use several stream ciphers for over-the-air communication privacy. A5/1 was developed in 1987 for use in Europe and the U.S. A5/2, developed in 1989, is a weaker algorithm and intended for use outside of Europe and the U.S. Significant flaws were found in both ciphers after the "secret" specifications were leaked in 1994, however, and A5/2 has been withdrawn from use. The newest version, A5/3, employs the KASUMI block cipher. NOTE: Unfortunately, although A5/1 has been repeatedly "broken" (e.g., see "Secret code protecting cellphone calls set loose" [2009] and "Cellphone snooping now easier and cheaper than ever" [2011]), this encryption scheme remains in widespread use, even in 3G and 4G mobile phone networks. Use of this scheme is reportedly one of the reasons that the National Security Agency (NSA) can easily decode voice and data calls over mobile phone networks.

  • GPRS (General Packet Radio Service) encryption: GSM mobile phone systems use GPRS for data applications, and GPRS uses a number of encryption methods, offering different levels of data protection. GEA/0 offers no encryption at all. GEA/1 and GEA/2 are proprietary stream ciphers, employing a 64-bit key and a 96-bit or 128-bit state, respectively. GEA/1 and GEA/2 are most widely used by network service providers today although both have been reportedly broken. GEA/3 is a 128-bit block cipher employing a 64-bit key that is used by some carriers; GEA/4 is a 128-bit clock cipher with a 128-bit key, but is not yet deployed.

  • KASUMI: A block cipher using a 128-bit key that is part of the Third-Generation Partnership Project (3gpp), formerly known as the Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS). KASUMI is the intended confidentiality and integrity algorithm for both message content and signaling data for emerging mobile communications systems.

  • KCipher-2: Described in RFC 7008, KCipher-2 is a stream cipher with a 128-bit key and a 128-bit initialization vector. Using simple arithmetic operations, the algorithms offers fast encryption and decryption by use of efficient implementations. KCipher-2 has been used for industrial applications, especially for mobile health monitoring and diagnostic services in Japan.

  • KHAZAD:KHAZAD is a so-called legacy block cipher, operating on 64-bit blocks à la older block ciphers such as DES and IDEA. KHAZAD uses eight rounds of substitution and permutation, with a 128-bit key.

  • KLEIN: Designed in 2011, KLEIN is a lightweight, 64-bit block cipher supporting 64-, 80- and 96-bit keys. KLEIN is designed for highly resource constrained devices such as wireless sensors and RFID tags.

  • Light Encryption Device (LED): Designed in 2011, LED is a lightweight, 64-bit block cipher supporting 64- and 128-bit keys. LED is designed for RFID tags, sensor networks, and other applications with devices constrained by memory or compute power.

  • MARS:MARS is a block cipher developed by IBM and was one of the five finalists in the AES development process. MARS employs 128-bit blocks and a variable key length from 128 to 448 bits. The MARS document stresses the ability of the algorithm's design for high speed, high security, and the ability to efficiently and effectively implement the scheme on a wide range of computing devices.

  • MISTY1: Developed at Mitsubishi Electric Corp., a block cipher using a 128-bit key and 64-bit blocks, and a variable number of rounds. Designed for hardware and software implementations, and is resistant to differential and linear cryptanalysis. Described in RFC 2994, MISTY1 is part of the NESSIE suite.

  • Salsa and ChaCha: Salsa20 is a stream cipher proposed for the eSTREAM project by Daniel Bernstein. Salsa20 uses a pseudorandom function based on 32-bit (whole word) addition, bitwise addition (XOR), and rotation operations, aka add-rotate-xor (ARX) operations. Salsa20 uses a 256-bit key although a 128-bit key variant also exists. In 2008, Bernstein published ChaCha, a new family of ciphers related to Salsa20. ChaCha20, originally defined in RFC 7539 (now obsoleted), is employed (with the Poly1305 authenticator) in Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) protocols, most notably for IPsec and Internet Key Exchange (IKE), per RFC 7634, and Transaction Layer Security (TLS), per RFC 7905. In 2014, Google adopted ChaCha20/Poly1305 for use in OpenSSL, and they are also a part of OpenSSH. RFC 8439 replaces RFC 7539, and provides an implementation guide for both the ChaCha20 cipher and Poly1305 message authentication code, as well as the combined CHACHA20-POLY1305 Authenticated-Encryption with Associated-Data (AEAD) algorithm.

  • Secure and Fast Encryption Routine (SAFER): A series of block ciphers designed by James Massey for implementation in software and employing a 64-bit block. SAFER K-64, published in 1993, used a 64-bit key and SAFER K-128, published in 1994, employed a 128-bit key. After weaknesses were found, new versions were released called SAFER SK-40, SK-64, and SK-128, using 40-, 64-, and 128-bit keys, respectively. SAFER+ (1998) used a 128-bit block and was an unsuccessful candidate for the AES project; SAFER++ (2000) was submitted to the NESSIE project.

  • SEED: A block cipher using 128-bit blocks and 128-bit keys. Developed by the Korea Information Security Agency (KISA) and adopted as a national standard encryption algorithm in South Korea. Also described in RFC 4269.

  • Serpent:Serpent is another of the AES finalist algorithms. Serpent supports 128-, 192-, or 256-bit keys and a block size of 128 bits, and is a 32-round substitution–permutation network operating on a block of four 32-bit words. The Serpent developers opted for a high security margin in the design of the algorithm; they determined that 16 rounds would be sufficient against known attacks but require 32 rounds in an attempt to future-proof the algorithm.

  • SHACAL: SHACAL is a pair of block ciphers based upon the Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA) and the fact that SHA is, at heart, a compression algorithm. As a hash function, SHA repeatedly calls on a compression scheme to alter the state of the data blocks. While SHA (like other hash functions) is irreversible, the compression function can be used for encryption by maintaining appropriate state information. SHACAL-1 is based upon SHA-1 and uses a 160-bit block size while SHACAL-2 is based upon SHA-256 and employs a 256-bit block size; both support key sizes from 128 to 512 bits. SHACAL-2 is one of the NESSIE block ciphers.

  • Simon and Speck: Simon and Speck are a pair of lightweight block ciphers proposed by the NSA in 2013, designed for highly constrained software or hardware environments. (E.g., per the specification, AES requires 2400 gate equivalents and these ciphers require less than 2000.) While both cipher families perform well in both hardware and software, Simon has been optimized for high performance on hardware devices and Speck for performance in software. Both are Feistel ciphers and support ten combinations of block and key size:

  • Skipjack: SKC scheme proposed, along with the Clipper chip, as part of the never-implemented Capstone project. Although the details of the algorithm were never made public, Skipjack was a block cipher using an 80-bit key and 32 iteration cycles per 64-bit block. Capstone, proposed by NIST and the NSA as a standard for public and government use, met with great resistance by the crypto community largely because the design of Skipjack was classified (coupled with the key escrow requirement of the Clipper chip).

  • SM4: Formerly called SMS4, SM4 is a 128-bit block cipher using 128-bit keys and 32 rounds to process a block. Declassified in 2006, SM4 is used in the Chinese National Standard for Wireless Local Area Network (LAN) Authentication and Privacy Infrastructure (WAPI). SM4 had been a proposed cipher for the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 802.11i standard on security mechanisms for wireless LANs, but has yet to be accepted by the IEEE or International Organization for Standardization (ISO). SM4 is described in SMS4 Encryption Algorithm for Wireless Networks (translated by Whitfield Diffie and George Ledin, 2008) and at the SM4 (cipher) page. SM4 is issued by the Chinese State Cryptographic Authority as GM/T 0002-2012: SM4 (2012).

  • Tiny Encryption Algorithm (TEA): A family of block ciphers developed by Roger Needham and David Wheeler. TEA was originally developed in 1994, and employed a 128-bit key, 64-bit block, and 64 rounds of operation. To correct certain weaknesses in TEA, eXtended TEA (XTEA), aka Block TEA, was released in 1997. To correct weaknesses in XTEA and add versatility, Corrected Block TEA (XXTEA) was published in 1998. XXTEA also uses a 128-bit key, but block size can be any multiple of 32-bit words (with a minimum block size of 64 bits, or two words) and the number of rounds is a function of the block size (~52+6*words), as shown in Table 1.

  • Block Size
    2n
    Key Size
    mn
    Word Size
    n
    Key Words
    m
    Rounds
    T
    326416432
    4872
    96
    243
    4
    36
    36
    6496
    128
    323
    4
    42
    44
    9696
    144
    482
    3
    52
    54
    128128
    192
    256
    642
    3
    4
    68
    69
    72
  • TWINE: Designed by engineers at NEC in 2011, TWINE is a lightweight, 64-bit block cipher supporting 80- and 128-bit keys. TWINE's design goals included maintaining a small footprint in a hardware implementation (i.e., fewer than 2,000 gate equivalents) and small memory consumption in a software implementation.

Although not an SKC scheme, check out Section 5.17 about Shamir's Secret Sharing (SSS).

There are several other references that describe interesting algorithms and even SKC codes dating back decades. Two that leap to mind are the Crypto Museum's Crypto List and John J.G. Savard's (albeit old) A Cryptographic Compendium page.

3.2. Public Key Cryptography

Public key cryptography has been said to be the most significant new development in cryptography in the last 300-400 years. Modern PKC was first described publicly by Stanford University professor Martin Hellman and graduate student Whitfield Diffie in 1976. Their paper described a two-key crypto system in which two parties could engage in a secure communication over a non-secure communications channel without having to share a secret key.

PKC depends upon the existence of so-called one-way functions, or mathematical functions that are easy to compute whereas their inverse function is relatively difficult to compute. Let me give you two simple examples:

  1. Multiplication vs. factorization: Suppose you have two prime numbers, 3 and 7, and you need to calculate the product; it should take almost no time to calculate that value, which is 21. Now suppose, instead, that you have a number that is a product of two primes, 21, and you need to determine those prime factors. You will eventually come up with the solution but whereas calculating the product took milliseconds, factoring will take longer. The problem becomes much harder if we start with primes that have, say, 400 digits or so, because the product will have ~800 digits.
  2. Exponentiation vs. logarithms: Suppose you take the number 3 to the 6th power; again, it is relatively easy to calculate 36 = 729. But if you start with the number 729 and need to determine the two integers, x and y so that logx 729 = y, it will take longer to find the two values.

While the examples above are trivial, they do represent two of the functional pairs that are used with PKC; namely, the ease of multiplication and exponentiation versus the relative difficulty of factoring and calculating logarithms, respectively. The mathematical "trick" in PKC is to find a trap door in the one-way function so that the inverse calculation becomes easy given knowledge of some item of information.

Generic PKC employs two keys that are mathematically related although knowledge of one key does not allow someone to easily determine the other key. One key is used to encrypt the plaintext and the other key is used to decrypt the ciphertext. The important point here is that it does not matter which key is applied first, but that both keys are required for the process to work (Figure 1B). Because a pair of keys are required, this approach is also called asymmetric cryptography.

In PKC, one of the keys is designated the public key and may be advertised as widely as the owner wants. The other key is designated the private key and is never revealed to another party. It is straight-forward to send messages under this scheme. Suppose Alice wants to send Bob a message. Alice encrypts some information using Bob's public key; Bob decrypts the ciphertext using his private key. This method could be also used to prove who sent a message; Alice, for example, could encrypt some plaintext with her private key; when Bob decrypts using Alice's public key, he knows that Alice sent the message (authentication) and Alice cannot deny having sent the message (non-repudiation).

Public key cryptography algorithms that are in use today for key exchange or digital signatures include:

  • RSA: The first, and still most common, PKC implementation, named for the three MIT mathematicians who developed it — Ronald Rivest, Adi Shamir, and Leonard Adleman. RSA today is used in hundreds of software products and can be used for key exchange, digital signatures, or encryption of small blocks of data. RSA uses a variable size encryption block and a variable size key. The key-pair is derived from a very large number, n, that is the product of two prime numbers chosen according to special rules; these primes may be 100 or more digits in length each, yielding an n with roughly twice as many digits as the prime factors. The public key information includes n and a derivative of one of the factors of n; an attacker cannot determine the prime factors of n (and, therefore, the private key) from this information alone and that is what makes the RSA algorithm so secure. (Some descriptions of PKC erroneously state that RSA's safety is due to the difficulty in factoring large prime numbers. In fact, large prime numbers, like small prime numbers, only have two factors!) The ability for computers to factor large numbers, and therefore attack schemes such as RSA, is rapidly improving and systems today can find the prime factors of numbers with more than 200 digits. Nevertheless, if a large number is created from two prime factors that are roughly the same size, there is no known factorization algorithm that will solve the problem in a reasonable amount of time; a 2005 test to factor a 200-digit number took 1.5 years and over 50 years of compute time. In 2009, Kleinjung et al. reported that factoring a 768-bit (232-digit) RSA-768 modulus utilizing hundreds of systems took two years and they estimated that a 1024-bit RSA modulus would take about a thousand times as long. Even so, they suggested that 1024-bit RSA be phased out by 2013. (See the Wikipedia article on integer factorization.) Regardless, one presumed protection of RSA is that users can easily increase the key size to always stay ahead of the computer processing curve. As an aside, the patent for RSA expired in September 2000 which does not appear to have affected RSA's popularity one way or the other. A detailed example of RSA is presented below in Section 5.3.

  • Diffie-Hellman: After the RSA algorithm was published, Diffie and Hellman came up with their own algorithm. Diffie-Hellman is used for secret-key key exchange only, and not for authentication or digital signatures. More detail about Diffie-Hellman can be found below in Section 5.2.

  • Digital Signature Algorithm (DSA): The algorithm specified in NIST's Digital Signature Standard (DSS), provides digital signature capability for the authentication of messages. Described in FIPS PUB 186-4.

  • ElGamal: Designed by Taher Elgamal, ElGamal is a PKC system similar to Diffie-Hellman and used for key exchange. ElGamal is used in some later version of Pretty Good Privacy (PGP) as well as GNU Privacy Guard (GPG) and other cryptosystems.

  • Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC): A PKC algorithm based upon elliptic curves. ECC can offer levels of security with small keys comparable to RSA and other PKC methods. It was designed for devices with limited compute power and/or memory, such as smartcards and PDAs. More detail about ECC can be found below in Section 5.8. Other references include the Elliptic Curve Cryptography page and the Online ECC Tutorial page, both from Certicom. See also RFC 6090 for a review of fundamental ECC algorithms and The Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm (ECDSA) for details about the use of ECC for digital signatures.

  • Identity-Based Encryption (IBE): IBE is a novel scheme first proposed by Adi Shamir in 1984. It is a PKC-based key authentication system where the public key can be derived from some unique information based upon the user's identity, allowing two users to exchange encrypted messages without having an a priori relationship. In 2001, Dan Boneh (Stanford) and Matt Franklin (U.C., Davis) developed a practical implementation of IBE based on elliptic curves and a mathematical construct called the Weil Pairing. In that year, Clifford Cocks (GCHQ) also described another IBE solution based on quadratic residues in composite groups. RFC 5091: Identity-Based Cryptography Standard (IBCS) #1 describes an implementation of IBE using Boneh-Franklin (BF) and Boneh-Boyen (BB1) Identity-based Encryption. More detail about Identity-Based Encryption can be found below in Section 5.16.

  • Public Key Cryptography Standards (PKCS): A set of interoperable standards and guidelines for public key cryptography, designed by RSA Data Security Inc. (These documents are no longer easily available; all links in this section are from archive.org.)

  • Cramer-Shoup: A public key cryptosystem proposed by R. Cramer and V. Shoup of IBM in 1998.

  • Key Exchange Algorithm (KEA): A variation on Diffie-Hellman; proposed as the key exchange method for the NIST/NSA Capstone project.

  • LUC: A public key cryptosystem designed by P.J. Smith and based on Lucas sequences. Can be used for encryption and signatures, using integer factoring.

  • McEliece: A public key cryptosystem based on algebraic coding theory.

For additional information on PKC algorithms, see "Public Key Encryption" (Chapter 8) in Handbook of Applied Cryptography, by A. Menezes, P. van Oorschot, and S. Vanstone (CRC Press, 1996).


A digression: Who invented PKC? I tried to be careful in the first paragraph of this section to state that Diffie and Hellman "first described publicly" a PKC scheme. Although I have categorized PKC as a two-key system, that has been merely for convenience; the real criteria for a PKC scheme is that it allows two parties to exchange a secret even though the communication with the shared secret might be overheard. There seems to be no question that Diffie and Hellman were first to publish; their method is described in the classic paper, "New Directions in Cryptography," published in the November 1976 issue of IEEE Transactions on Information Theory (IT-22(6), 644-654). As shown in Section 5.2, Diffie-Hellman uses the idea that finding logarithms is relatively harder than performing exponentiation. And, indeed, it is the precursor to modern PKC which does employ two keys. Rivest, Shamir, and Adleman described an implementation that extended this idea in their paper, "A Method for Obtaining Digital Signatures and Public Key Cryptosystems," published in the February 1978 issue of the Communications of the ACM (CACM), (21(2), 120-126). Their method, of course, is based upon the relative ease of finding the product of two large prime numbers compared to finding the prime factors of a large number.

Diffie and Hellman (and other sources) credit Ralph Merkle with first describing a public key distribution system that allows two parties to share a secret, although it was not a two-key system, per se. A Merkle Puzzle works where Alice creates a large number of encrypted keys, sends them all to Bob so that Bob chooses one at random and then lets Alice know which he has selected. An eavesdropper (Eve) will see all of the keys but can't learn which key Bob has selected (because he has encrypted the response with the chosen key). In this case, Eve's effort to break in is the square of the effort of Bob to choose a key. While this difference may be small it is often sufficient. Merkle apparently took a computer science course at UC Berkeley in 1974 and described his method, but had difficulty making people understand it; frustrated, he dropped the course. Meanwhile, he submitted the paper "Secure Communication Over Insecure Channels," which was published in the CACM in April 1978; Rivest et al.'s paper even makes reference to it. Merkle's method certainly wasn't published first, but he is often credited to have had the idea first.

An interesting question, maybe, but who really knows? For some time, it was a quiet secret that a team at the UK's Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) had first developed PKC in the early 1970s. Because of the nature of the work, GCHQ kept the original memos classified. In 1997, however, the GCHQ changed their posture when they realized that there was nothing to gain by continued silence. Documents show that a GCHQ mathematician named James Ellis started research into the key distribution problem in 1969 and that by 1975, James Ellis, Clifford Cocks, and Malcolm Williamson had worked out all of the fundamental details of PKC, yet couldn't talk about their work. (They were, of course, barred from challenging the RSA patent!) By 1999, Ellis, Cocks, and Williamson began to get their due credit in a break-through article in WIRED Magazine. And the National Security Agency (NSA) claims to have knowledge of this type of algorithm as early as 1966. For some additional insight on who knew what when, see Steve Bellovin's "The Prehistory of Public Key Cryptography."


3.3. Hash Functions

Hash functions, also called message digests and one-way encryption, are algorithms that, in essence, use no key (Figure 1C). Instead, a fixed-length hash value is computed based upon the plaintext that makes it impossible for either the contents or length of the plaintext to be recovered. Hash algorithms are typically used to provide a digital fingerprint of a file's contents, often used to ensure that the file has not been altered by an intruder or virus. Hash functions are also commonly employed by many operating systems to encrypt passwords. Hash functions, then, provide a mechanism to ensure the integrity of a file.

Hash functions are also designed so that small changes in the input produce significant differences in the hash value, for example:

Hash string 1: The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog
Hash string 2: The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.

MD5 [hash string 1] = 37c4b87edffc5d198ff5a185cee7ee09
MD5 [hash string 2] = 0d7006cd055e94cf614587e1d2ae0c8e

SHA1 [hash string 1] = be417768b5c3c5c1d9bcb2e7c119196dd76b5570
SHA1 [hash string 2] = 9c04cd6372077e9b11f70ca111c9807dc7137e4b

RIPEMD160 [hash string 1] = ee061f0400729d0095695da9e2c95168326610ff
RIPEMD160 [hash string 2] = 99b90925a0116c302984211dbe25b5343be9059e


Let me reiterate that hashes are one-way encryption. You cannot take a hash and "decrypt" it to find the original string that created it, despite the many web sites that claim or suggest otherwise, such as CrackStation, Hashes.com, MD5 Online, md5thiscracker, OnlineHashCrack, and RainbowCrack.

Note that these sites search databases and/or use rainbow tables to find a suitable string that produces the hash in question but one can't definitively guarantee what string originally produced the hash. This is an important distinction. Suppose that you want to crack someone's password, where the hash of the password is stored on the server. Indeed, all you then need is a string that produces the correct hash and you're in! However, you cannot prove that you have discovered the user's password, only a "duplicate key."


Hash algorithms in common use today include:

  • Message Digest (MD) algorithms: A series of byte-oriented algorithms that produce a 128-bit hash value from an arbitrary-length message.

    • MD2 (RFC 1319): Designed for systems with limited memory, such as smart cards. (MD2 has been relegated to historical status, per RFC 6149.)

    • MD4 (RFC 1320): Developed by Rivest, similar to MD2 but designed specifically for fast processing in software. (MD4 has been relegated to historical status, per RFC 6150.)

    • MD5 (RFC 1321): Also developed by Rivest after potential weaknesses were reported in MD4; this scheme is similar to MD4 but is slower because more manipulation is made to the original data. MD5 has been implemented in a large number of products although several weaknesses in the algorithm were demonstrated by German cryptographer Hans Dobbertin in 1996 ("Cryptanalysis of MD5 Compress"). (Updated security considerations for MD5 can be found in RFC 6151.)

  • Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA): Algorithm for NIST's Secure Hash Standard (SHS), described in FIPS PUB 180-4 The status of NIST hash algorithms can be found on their "Policy on Hash Functions" page.

    • SHA-1 produces a 160-bit hash value and was originally published as FIPS PUB 180-1 and RFC 3174. SHA-1 was deprecated by NIST as of the end of 2013 although it is still widely used.

    • SHA-2, originally described in FIPS PUB 180-2 and eventually replaced by FIPS PUB 180-3 (and FIPS PUB 180-4), comprises five algorithms in the SHS: SHA-1 plus SHA-224, SHA-256, SHA-384, and SHA-512 which can produce hash values that are 224, 256, 384, or 512 bits in length, respectively. SHA-2 recommends use of SHA-1, SHA-224, and SHA-256 for messages less than 264 bits in length, and employs a 512 bit block size; SHA-384 and SHA-512 are recommended for messages less than 2128 bits in length, and employs a 1,024 bit block size. FIPS PUB 180-4 also introduces the concept of a truncated hash in SHA-512/t, a generic name referring to a hash value based upon the SHA-512 algorithm that has been truncated to t bits; SHA-512/224 and SHA-512/256 are specifically described. SHA-224, -256, -384, and -512 are also described in RFC 4634.

    • SHA-3 is the current SHS algorithm. Although there had not been any successful attacks on SHA-2, NIST decided that having an alternative to SHA-2 using a different algorithm would be prudent. In 2007, they launched a SHA-3 Competition to find that alternative; a list of submissions can be found at The SHA-3 Zoo. In 2012, NIST announced that after reviewing 64 submissions, the winner was Keccak (pronounced "catch-ack"), a family of hash algorithms based on sponge functions. The NIST version can support hash output sizes of 256 and 512 bits.

  • RIPEMD: A series of message digests that initially came from the RIPE (RACE Integrity Primitives Evaluation) project. RIPEMD-160 was designed by Hans Dobbertin, Antoon Bosselaers, and Bart Preneel, and optimized for 32-bit processors to replace the then-current 128-bit hash functions. Other versions include RIPEMD-256, RIPEMD-320, and RIPEMD-128.

  • eD2k: Named for the EDonkey2000 Network (eD2K), the eD2k hash is a root hash of an MD4 hash list of a given file. A root hash is used on peer-to-peer file transfer networks, where a file is broken into chunks; each chunk has its own MD4 hash associated with it and the server maintains a file that contains the hash list of all of the chunks. The root hash is the hash of the hash list file.

  • HAVAL (HAsh of VAriable Length): Designed by Y. Zheng, J. Pieprzyk and J. Seberry, a hash algorithm with many levels of security. HAVAL can create hash values that are 128, 160, 192, 224, or 256 bits in length. More details can be found in "HAVAL - A one-way hashing algorithm with variable length output" by Zheng, Pieprzyk, and Seberry (AUSCRYPT '92).

  • The Skein Hash Function Family: The Skein Hash Function Family was proposed to NIST in their 2010 hash function competition. Skein is fast due to using just a few simple computational primitives, secure, and very flexible — per the specification, it can be used as a straight-forward hash, MAC, HMAC, digital signature hash, key derivation mechanism, stream cipher, or pseuo-random number generator. Skein supports internal state sizes of 256, 512 and 1024 bits, and arbitrary output lengths.

  • SM3: SM3 is a 256-bit hash function operating on 512-bit input blocks. Part of a Chinese National Standard, SM3 is issued by the Chinese State Cryptographic Authority as GM/T 0004-2012: SM3 cryptographic hash algorithm (2012) and GB/T 32905-2016: Information security techniques—SM3 cryptographic hash algorithm (2016). More information can also be found at the SM3 (hash function) page.

  • Tiger: Designed by Ross Anderson and Eli Biham, Tiger is designed to be secure, run efficiently on 64-bit processors, and easily replace MD4, MD5, SHA and SHA-1 in other applications. Tiger/192 produces a 192-bit output and is compatible with 64-bit architectures; Tiger/128 and Tiger/160 produce a hash of length 128 and 160 bits, respectively, to provide compatibility with the other hash functions mentioned above.

  • Whirlpool: Designed by V. Rijmen (co-inventor of Rijndael) and P.S.L.M. Barreto, Whirlpool is one of two hash functions endorsed by the NESSIE competition (the other being SHA). Whirlpool operates on messages less than 2256 bits in length and produces a message digest of 512 bits. The design of this hash function is very different than that of MD5 and SHA-1, making it immune to the types of attacks that succeeded on those hashes.

Readers might be interested in HashCalc, a Windows-based program that calculates hash values using a dozen algorithms, including MD5, SHA-1 and several variants, RIPEMD-160, and Tiger. Command line utilities that calculate hash values include sha_verify by Dan Mares (Windows; supports MD5, SHA-1, SHA-2) and md5deep (cross-platform; supports MD5, SHA-1, SHA-256, Tiger, and Whirlpool).


A digression on hash collisions. Hash functions are sometimes misunderstood and some sources claim that no two files can have the same hash value. This is in theory, if not in fact, incorrect. Consider a hash function that provides a 128-bit hash value. There are, then, 2128 possible hash values. But there are an infinite number of possible files and ∞ >> 2128. Therefore, there have to be multiple files — in fact, there have to be an infinite number of files! — that have the same 128-bit hash value. (Now, while even this is theoretically correct, it is not true in practice because hash algorithms are designed to work with a limited message size, as mentioned above. For example, SHA-1, SHA-224, and SHA-256 produce hash values that are 160, 224, and 256 bits in length, respectively, and limit the message length to less than 264 bits; SHA-384 and all SHA-256 variants limit the message length to less than 2128 bits. Nevertheless, hopefully you get my point — and, alas, even if you don't, do know that there are multiple files that have the same MD5 or SHA-1 hash values.)

The difficulty is not necessarily in finding two files with the same hash, but in finding a second file that has the same hash value as a given first file. Consider this example. A human head has, generally, no more than ~150,000 hairs. Since there are more than 7 billion people on earth, we know that there are a lot of people with the same number of hairs on their head. Finding two people with the same number of hairs, then, would be relatively simple. The harder problem is choosing one person (say, you, the reader) and then finding another person who has the same number of hairs on their head as you have on yours.

This is somewhat similar to the Birthday Problem. We know from probability that if you choose a random group of ~23 people, the probability is about 50% that two will share a birthday (the probability goes up to 99.9% with a group of 70 people). However, if you randomly select one person in a group of 23 and try to find a match to that person, the probability is only about 6% of finding a match; you'd need a group of 253 for a 50% probability of a shared birthday to one of the people chosen at random (and a group of more than 4,000 to obtain a 99.9% probability).

What is hard to do, then, is to try to create a file that matches a given hash value so as to force a hash value collision — which is the reason that hash functions are used extensively for information security and computer forensics applications. Alas, researchers as far back as 2004 found that practical collision attacks could be launched on MD5, SHA-1, and other hash algorithms and, today, it is generally recognized that MD5 and SHA-1 are pretty much broken. Readers interested in this problem should read the following:

  • AccessData. (2006, April). MD5 Collisions: The Effect on Computer Forensics. AccessData White Paper.
  • Burr, W. (2006, March/April). Cryptographic hash standards: Where do we go from here?IEEE Security & Privacy, 4(2), 88-91.
  • Dwyer, D. (2009, June 3). SHA-1 Collision Attacks Now 252. SecureWorks Research blog.
  • Gutman, P., Naccache, D., & Palmer, C.C. (2005, May/June). When hashes collide. IEEE Security & Privacy, 3(3), 68-71.
  • Kessler, G.C. (2016). The Impact of MD5 File Hash Collisions on Digital Forensic Imaging. Journal of Digital Forensics, Security & Law, 11(4), 129-138.
  • Kessler, G.C. (2016). The Impact of SHA-1 File Hash Collisions on Digital Forensic Imaging: A Follow-Up Experiment. Journal of Digital Forensics, Security & Law, 11(4), 139-148.
  • Klima, V. (2005, March). Finding MD5 Collisions - a Toy For a Notebook.
  • Lee, R. (2009, January 7). Law Is Not A Science: Admissibility of Computer Evidence and MD5 Hashes. SANS Computer Forensics blog.
  • Leurent, G. & Peyrin, T. (2020, January). SHA-1 is a Shambles: First Chosen-Prefix Collision on SHA-1 and Application to the PGP Web of Trust. Real World Crypto 2020.
  • Leurent, G. & Peyrin, T. (2020, January). SHA-1 is a Shambles: First Chosen-Prefix Collision on SHA-1 and Application to the PGP Web of Trust.(paper)
  • Stevens, M., Bursztein, E., Karpman, P., Albertini, A., & Markov, Y. (2017). The first collision for full SHA-1.
  • Stevens, M., Karpman, P., & Peyrin, T. (2015, October 8). Freestart collision on full SHA-1. Cryptology ePrint Archive, Report 2015/967.
  • Thompson, E. (2005, February). MD5 collisions and the impact on computer forensics. Digital Investigation, 2(1), 36-40.
  • Wang, X., Feng, D., Lai, X., & Yu, H. (2004, August). Collisions for Hash Functions MD4, MD5, HAVAL-128 and RIPEMD.
  • Wang, X., Yin, Y.L., & Yu, H. (2005, February 13). Collision Search Attacks on SHA1.

Readers are also referred to the Eindhoven University of Technology HashClash Project Web site. for For additional information on hash functions, see David Hopwood's MessageDigest Algorithms page and Peter Selinger's MD5 Collision Demo page. For historical purposes, take a look at the situation with hash collisions, circa 2005, in RFC 4270.

In October 2015, the SHA-1 Freestart Collision was announced; see a report by Bruce Schneier and the developers of the attack (as well as the paper above by Stevens et al. (2015)). In February 2017, the first SHA-1 collision was announced on the Google Security Blog and Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica's Shattered page. See also the paper by Stevens et al. (2017), listed above. If ths isn't enough, see the SHA-1 is a Shambles Web page and the Leurent & Peyrin paper, listed above.

For an interesting twist on this discussion, read about the Nostradamus attack reported at Predicting the winner of the 2008 US Presidential Elections using a Sony PlayStation 3 (by M. Stevens, A.K. Lenstra, and B. de Weger, November 2007).


Finally, note that certain extensions of hash functions are used for a variety of information security and digital forensics applications, such as:

  • Hash libraries, aka hashsets, are sets of hash values corresponding to known files. A hashset containing the hash values of all files known to be a part of a given operating system, for example, could form a set of known good files, and could be ignored in an investigation for malware or other suspicious file, whereas as hash library of known child pornographic images could form a set of known bad files and be the target of such an investigation.
  • Rolling hashes refer to a set of hash values that are computed based upon a fixed-length "sliding window" through the input. As an example, a hash value might be computed on bytes 1-10 of a file, then on bytes 2-11, 3-12, 4-13, etc.
  • Fuzzy hashes are an area of intense research and represent hash values that represent two inputs that are similar. Fuzzy hashes are used to detect documents, images, or other files that are close to each other with respect to content. See "Fuzzy Hashing" by Jesse Kornblum for a good treatment of this topic.

3.4. Why Three Encryption Techniques?

So, why are there so many different types of cryptographic schemes? Why can't we do everything we need with just one?

The answer is that each scheme is optimized for some specific cryptographic application(s). Hash functions, for example, are well-suited for ensuring data integrity because any change made to the contents of a message will result in the receiver calculating a different hash value than the one placed in the transmission by the sender. Since it is highly unlikely that two different messages will yield the same hash value, data integrity is ensured to a high degree of confidence.

Secret key cryptography, on the other hand, is ideally suited to encrypting messages, thus providing privacy and confidentiality. The sender can generate a session key on a per-message basis to encrypt the message; the receiver, of course, needs the same session key in order to decrypt the message.

Key exchange, of course, is a key application of public key cryptography (no pun intended). Asymmetric schemes can also be used for non-repudiation and user authentication; if the receiver can obtain the session key encrypted with the sender's private key, then only this sender could have sent the message. Public key cryptography could, theoretically, also be used to encrypt messages although this is rarely done because secret key cryptography values can generally be computed about 1000 times faster than public key cryptography values.

FIGURE 4: Use of the three cryptographic techniques for secure communication.


Figure 4 puts all of this together and shows how a hybrid cryptographic scheme combines all of these functions to form a secure transmission comprising a digital signature and digital envelope. In this example, the sender of the message is Alice and the receiver is Bob.

A digital envelope comprises an encrypted message and an encrypted session key. Alice uses secret key cryptography to encrypt her message using the session key, which she generates at random with each session. Alice then encrypts the session key using Bob's public key. The encrypted message and encrypted session key together form the digital envelope. Upon receipt, Bob recovers the session secret key using his private key and then decrypts the encrypted message.

The digital signature is formed in two steps. First, Alice computes the hash value of her message; next, she encrypts the hash value with her private key. Upon receipt of the digital signature, Bob recovers the hash value calculated by Alice by decrypting the digital signature with Alice's public key. Bob can then apply the hash function to Alice's original message, which he has already decrypted (see previous paragraph). If the resultant hash value is not the same as the value supplied by Alice, then Bob knows that the message has been altered; if the hash values are the same, Bob should believe that the message he received is identical to the one that Alice sent.

This scheme also provides nonrepudiation since it proves that Alice sent the message; if the hash value recovered by Bob using Alice's public key proves that the message has not been altered, then only Alice could have created the digital signature. Bob also has proof that he is the intended receiver; if he can correctly decrypt the message, then he must have correctly decrypted the session key meaning that his is the correct private key.

This diagram purposely suggests a cryptosystem where the session key is used for just a single session. Even if this session key is somehow broken, only this session will be compromised; the session key for the next session is not based upon the key for this session, just as this session's key was not dependent on the key from the previous session. This is known as Perfect Forward Secrecy; you might lose one session key due to a compromise but you won't lose all of them. (This was an issue in the 2014 OpenSSL vulnerability known as Heartbleed.)

3.5. The Significance of Key Length

In a 1998 article in the industry literature, a writer made the claim that 56-bit keys did not provide as adequate protection for DES at that time as they did in 1975 because computers were 1000 times faster in 1998 than in 1975. Therefore, the writer went on, we needed 56,000-bit keys in 1998 instead of 56-bit keys to provide adequate protection. The conclusion was then drawn that because 56,000-bit keys are infeasible (true), we should accept the fact that we have to live with weak cryptography (false!). The major error here is that the writer did not take into account that the number of possible key values double whenever a single bit is added to the key length; thus, a 57-bit key has twice as many values as a 56-bit key (because 257 is two times 256). In fact, a 66-bit key would have 1024 times more values than a 56-bit key.

But this does bring up the question — "What is the significance of key length as it affects the level of protection?"

In cryptography, size does matter. The larger the key, the harder it is to crack a block of encrypted data. The reason that large keys offer more protection is almost obvious; computers have made it easier to attack ciphertext by using brute force methods rather than by attacking the mathematics (which are generally well-known anyway). With a brute force attack, the attacker merely generates every possible key and applies it to the ciphertext. Any resulting plaintext that makes sense offers a candidate for a legitimate key. This was the basis, of course, of the EFF's attack on DES.

Until the mid-1990s or so, brute force attacks were beyond the capabilities of computers that were within the budget of the attacker community. By that time, however, significant compute power was typically available and accessible. General-purpose computers such as PCs were already being used for brute force attacks. For serious attackers with money to spend, such as some large companies or governments, Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) or Application-Specific Integrated Circuits (ASIC) technology offered the ability to build specialized chips that could provide even faster and cheaper solutions than a PC. As an example, the AT&T Optimized Reconfigurable Cell Array (ORCA) FPGA chip cost about $200 and could test 30 million DES keys per second, while a $10 ASIC chip could test 200 million DES keys per second; compare that to a PC which might be able to test 40,000 keys per second. Distributed attacks, harnessing the power of up to tens of thousands of powerful CPUs, are now commonly employed to try to brute-force crypto keys.

Type of AttackerBudgetToolTime and Cost
Per Key Recovered
Key Length Needed
For Protection
In Late-1995
40 bits56 bits
Pedestrian HackerTinyScavenged
computer
time
1 weekInfeasible45
$400FPGA5 hours
($0.08)
38 years
($5,000)
50
Small Business$10,000FPGA12 minutes
($0.08)
18 months
($5,000)
55
Corporate Department$300KFPGA24 seconds
($0.08)
19 days
($5,000)
60
ASIC0.18 seconds
($0.001)
3 hours
($38)
Big Company$10MFPGA7 seconds
($0.08)
13 hours
($5,000)
70
ASIC0.005 seconds
($0.001)
6 minutes
($38)
Intelligence Agency$300MASIC0.0002 seconds
($0.001)
12 seconds
($38)
75

Table 2 — from a 1996 article discussing both why exporting 40-bit keys was, in essence, no crypto at all and why DES' days were numbered — shows what DES key sizes were needed to protect data from attackers with different time and financial resources. This information was not merely academic; one of the basic tenets of any security system is to have an idea of what you are protecting and from whom are you protecting it! The table clearly shows that a 40-bit key was essentially worthless against even the most unsophisticated attacker. On the other hand, 56-bit keys were fairly strong unless you might be subject to some pretty serious corporate or government espionage. But note that even 56-bit keys were clearly on the decline in their value and that the times in the table were worst cases.

So, how big is big enough? DES, invented in 1975, was still in use at the turn of the century, nearly 25 years later. If we take that to be a design criteria (i.e., a 20-plus year lifetime) and we believe Moore's Law ("computing power doubles every 18 months"), then a key size extension of 14 bits (i.e., a factor of more than 16,000) should be adequate. The 1975 DES proposal suggested 56-bit keys; by 1995, a 70-bit key would have been required to offer equal protection and an 85-bit key necessary by 2015.

A 256- or 512-bit SKC key will probably suffice for some time because that length keeps us ahead of the brute force capabilities of the attackers. Note that while a large key is good, a huge key may not always be better; for example, expanding PKC keys beyond the current 2048- or 4096-bit lengths doesn't add any necessary protection at this time. Weaknesses in cryptosystems are largely based upon key management rather than weak keys.

Much of the discussion above, including the table, is based on the paper "Minimal Key Lengths for Symmetric Ciphers to Provide Adequate Commercial Security" by M. Blaze, W. Diffie, R.L. Rivest, B. Schneier, T. Shimomura, E. Thompson, and M. Wiener (1996).

The most effective large-number factoring methods today use a mathematical Number Field Sieve to find a certain number of relationships and then uses a matrix operation to solve a linear equation to produce the two prime factors. The sieve step actually involves a large number of operations that can be performed in parallel; solving the linear equation, however, requires a supercomputer. Indeed, finding the solution to the RSA-140 challenge in February 1999 — factoring a 140-digit (465-bit) prime number — required 200 computers across the Internet about 4 weeks for the first step and a Cray computer 100 hours and 810 MB of memory to do the second step.

In early 1999, Shamir (of RSA fame) described a new machine that could increase factorization speed by 2-3 orders of magnitude. Although no detailed plans were provided nor is one known to have been built, the concepts of TWINKLE (The Weizmann Institute Key Locating Engine) could result in a specialized piece of hardware that would cost about $5000 and have the processing power of 100-1000 PCs. There still appear to be many engineering details that have to be worked out before such a machine could be built. Furthermore, the hardware improves the sieve step only; the matrix operation is not optimized at all by this design and the complexity of this step grows rapidly with key length, both in terms of processing time and memory requirements. Nevertheless, this plan conceptually puts 512-bit keys within reach of being factored. Although most PKC schemes allow keys that are 1024 bits and longer, Shamir claims that 512-bit RSA keys "protect 95% of today's E-commerce on the Internet." (See Bruce Schneier's Crypto-Gram (May 15, 1999) for more information.)

It is also interesting to note that while cryptography is good and strong cryptography is better, long keys may disrupt the nature of the randomness of data files. Shamir and van Someren ("Playing hide and seek with stored keys") have noted that a new generation of viruses can be written that will find files encrypted with long keys, making them easier to find by intruders and, therefore, more prone to attack.

Finally, U.S. government policy has tightly controlled the export of crypto products since World War II. Until the mid-1990s, export outside of North America of cryptographic products using keys greater than 40 bits in length was prohibited, which made those products essentially worthless in the marketplace, particularly for electronic commerce; today, crypto products are widely available on the Internet without restriction. The U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Industry and Security maintains an Encryption FAQ web page with more information about the current state of encryption registration.


Without meaning to editorialize too much in this tutorial, a bit of historical context might be helpful. In the mid-1990s, the U.S. Department of Commerce still classified cryptography as a munition and limited the export of any products that contained crypto. For that reason, browsers in the 1995 era, such as Internet Explorer and Netscape, had a domestic version with 128-bit encryption (downloadable only in the U.S.) and an export version with 40-bit encryption. Many cryptographers felt that the export limitations should be lifted because they only applied to U.S. products and seemed to have been put into place by policy makers who believed that only the U.S. knew how to build strong crypto algorithms, ignoring the work ongoing in Australia, Canada, Israel, South Africa, the U.K., and other locations in the 1990s. Those restrictions were lifted by 1996 or 1997, but there is still a prevailing attitude, apparently, that U.S. crypto algorithms are the only strong ones around; consider Bruce Schneier's blog in June 2016 titled "CIA Director John Brennan Pretends Foreign Cryptography Doesn't Exist." Cryptography is a decidedly international game today; note the many countries mentioned above as having developed various algorithms, not the least of which is the fact that NIST's Advanced Encryption Standard employs an algorithm submitted by cryptographers from Belgium. For more evidence, see Schneier's Worldwide Encryption Products Survey (February 2016).


On a related topic, public key crypto schemes can be used for several purposes, including key exchange, digital signatures, authentication, and more. In those PKC systems used for SKC key exchange, the PKC key lengths are chosen so as to be resistant to some selected level of attack. The length of the secret keys exchanged via that system have to have at least the same level of attack resistance. Thus, the three parameters of such a system — system strength, secret key strength, and public key strength — must be matched. This topic is explored in more detail in Determining Strengths For Public Keys Used For Exchanging Symmetric Keys (RFC 3766).

4. TRUST MODELS

Secure use of cryptography requires trust. While secret key cryptography can ensure message confidentiality and hash codes can ensure integrity, none of this works without trust. In SKC, Alice and Bob had to share a secret key. PKC solved the secret distribution problem, but how does Alice really know that Bob is who he says he is? Just because Bob has a public and private key, and purports to be "Bob," how does Alice know that a malicious person (Mallory) is not pretending to be Bob?

There are a number of trust models employed by various cryptographic schemes. This section will explore three of them:

  • The web of trust employed by Pretty Good Privacy (PGP) users, who hold their own set of trusted public keys.
  • Kerberos, a secret key distribution scheme using a trusted third party.
  • Certificates, which allow a set of trusted third parties to authenticate each other and, by implication, each other's users.

Each of these trust models differs in complexity, general applicability, scope, and scalability.

4.1. PGP Web of Trust

Pretty Good Privacy (described more below in Section 5.5) is a widely used private e-mail scheme based on public key methods. A PGP user maintains a local keyring of all their known and trusted public keys. The user makes their own determination about the trustworthiness of a key using what is called a "web of trust."

FIGURE 5: GPG keychain.

Figure 5 shows a PGP-formatted keychain from the GNU Privacy Guard (GPG) software, an implementation of the OpenPGP standard. This is a section of my keychain, so only includes public keys from individuals whom I know and, presumably, trust. Note that keys are associated with e-mail addresses rather than individual names.

In general, the PGP Web of trust works as follows. Suppose that Alice needs Bob's public key. Alice could just ask Bob for it directly via e-mail or download the public key from a PGP key server; this server might a well-known PGP key repository or a site that Bob maintains himself. In fact, Bob's public key might be stored or listed in many places. (My public key, for example, can be found at https://www.garykessler.net/pubkey.html or at several public PGP key servers, including https://keys.openpgp.org.) Alice is prepared to believe that Bob's public key, as stored at these locations, is valid.

Suppose Carol claims to hold Bob's public key and offers to give the key to Alice. How does Alice know that Carol's version of Bob's key is valid or if Carol is actually giving Alice a key that will allow Mallory access to messages? The answer is, "It depends." If Alice trusts Carol and Carol says that she thinks that her version of Bob's key is valid, then Alice may — at her option — trust that key. And trust is not necessarily transitive; if Dave has a copy of Bob's key and Carol trusts Dave, it does not necessarily follow that Alice trusts Dave even if she does trust Carol.

The point here is that who Alice trusts and how she makes that determination is strictly up to Alice. PGP makes no statement and has no protocol about how one user determines whether they trust another user or not. In any case, encryption and signatures based on public keys can only be used when the appropriate public key is on the user's keyring.

4.2. Kerberos

Kerberos is a commonly used authentication scheme on the Internet. Developed by MIT's Project Athena, Kerberos is named for the three-headed dog who, according to Greek mythology, guards the entrance of Hades (rather than the exit, for some reason!).

Kerberos employs a client/server architecture and provides user-to-server authentication rather than host-to-host authentication. In this model, security and authentication will be based on secret key technology where every host on the network has its own secret key. It would clearly be unmanageable if every host had to know the keys of all other hosts so a secure, trusted host somewhere on the network, known as a Key Distribution Center (KDC), knows the keys for all of the hosts (or at least some of the hosts within a portion of the network, called a realm). In this way, when a new node is brought online, only the KDC and the new node need to be configured with the node's key; keys can be distributed physically or by some other secure means.

FIGURE 6: Kerberos architecture.


The Kerberos Server/KDC has two main functions (Figure 6), known as the Authentication Server (AS) and Ticket-Granting Server (TGS). The steps in establishing an authenticated session between an application client and the application server are:
  1. The Kerberos client software establishes a connection with the Kerberos server's AS function. The AS first authenticates that the client is who it purports to be. The AS then provides the client with a secret key for this login session (the TGS session key) and a ticket-granting ticket (TGT), which gives the client permission to talk to the TGS. The ticket has a finite lifetime so that the authentication process is repeated periodically.
  2. The client now communicates with the TGS to obtain the Application Server's key so that it (the client) can establish a connection to the service it wants. The client supplies the TGS with the TGS session key and TGT; the TGS responds with an application session key (ASK) and an encrypted form of the Application Server's secret key; this secret key is never sent on the network in any other form.
  3. The client has now authenticated itself and can prove its identity to the Application Server by supplying the Kerberos ticket, application session key, and encrypted Application Server secret key. The Application Server responds with similarly encrypted information to authenticate itself to the client. At this point, the client can initiate the intended service requests (e.g., Telnet, FTP, HTTP, or e-commerce transaction session establishment).

The current version of this protocol is Kerberos V5 (described in RFC 1510). While the details of their operation, functional capabilities, and message formats are different, the conceptual overview above pretty much holds for both. One primary difference is that Kerberos V4 uses only DES to generate keys and encrypt messages, while V5 allows other schemes to be employed (although DES is still the most widely algorithm used).

4.3. Public Key Certificates and Certificate Authorities

Certificates and Certificate Authorities (CA) are necessary for widespread use of cryptography for e-commerce applications. While a combination of secret and public key cryptography can solve the business issues discussed above, crypto cannot alone address the trust issues that must exist between a customer and vendor in the very fluid, very dynamic e-commerce relationship. How, for example, does one site obtain another party's public key? How does a recipient determine if a public key really belongs to the sender? How does the recipient know that the sender is using their public key for a legitimate purpose for which they are authorized? When does a public key expire? How can a key be revoked in case of compromise or loss?

The basic concept of a certificate is one that is familiar to all of us. A driver's license, credit card, or SCUBA certification, for example, identify us to others, indicate something that we are authorized to do, have an expiration date, and identify the authority that granted the certificate.

As complicated as this may sound, it really isn't. Consider driver's licenses. I have one issued by the State of Florida. The license establishes my identity, indicates the type of vehicles that I can operate and the fact that I must wear corrective lenses while doing so, identifies the issuing authority, and notes that I am an organ donor. When I drive in other states, the other jurisdictions throughout the U.S. recognize the authority of Florida to issue this "certificate" and they trust the information it contains. When I leave the U.S., everything changes. When I am in Aruba, Australia, Canada, Israel, and many other countries, they will accept not the Florida license, per se, but any license issued in the U.S. This analogy represents the certificate trust chain, where even certificates carry certificates.

For purposes of electronic transactions, certificates are digital documents. The specific functions of the certificate include:

  • Establish identity: Associate, or bind, a public key to an individual, organization, corporate position, or other entity.
  • Assign authority: Establish what actions the holder may or may not take based upon this certificate.
  • Secure confidential information (e.g., encrypting the session's symmetric key for data confidentiality).

Typically, a certificate contains a public key, a name, an expiration date, the name of the authority that issued the certificate (and, therefore, is vouching for the identity of the user), a serial number, any pertinent policies describing how the certificate was issued and/or how the certificate may be used, the digital signature of the certificate issuer, and perhaps other information.

FIGURE 7: VeriSign Class 3 certificate.

A sample abbreviated certificate is shown in Figure 7. This is a typical certificate found in a browser, in this case, Mozilla Firefox (MacOS). While this is a certificate issued by VeriSign, many root-level certificates can be found shipped with browsers. When the browser makes a connection to a secure Web site, the Web server sends its public key certificate to the browser. The browser then checks the certificate's signature against the public key that it has stored; if there is a match, the certificate is taken as valid and the Web site verified by this certificate is considered to be "trusted."

The most widely accepted certificate format is the one defined in International Telecommunication Union Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) Recommendation X.509. Rec. X.509 is a specification used around the world and any applications complying with X.509 can share certificates. Most certificates today comply with X.509 Version 3 and contain the following information:

  • Version number
  • Certificate serial number
  • Signature algorithm identifier
  • Issuer's name and unique identifier
  • Validity (or operational) period
  • Subject's name and unique identifier
  • Subject public key information
  • Standard extensions
    • Certificate appropriate use definition
    • Key usage limitation definition
    • Certificate policy information
  • Other extensions
    • Application-specific
    • CA-specific

Certificate authorities are the repositories for public keys and can be any agency that issues certificates. A company, for example, may issue certificates to its employees, a college/university to its students, a store to its customers, an Internet service provider to its users, or a government to its constituents.

When a sender needs an intended receiver's public key, the sender must get that key from the receiver's CA. That scheme is straight-forward if the sender and receiver have certificates issued by the same CA. If not, how does the sender know to trust the foreign CA? One industry wag has noted, about trust: "You are either born with it or have it granted upon you." Thus, some CAs will be trusted because they are known to be reputable, such as the CAs operated by AT&T Services, Comodo, DigiCert (formerly GTE Cybertrust), EnTrust, Broadcom (formerly Symantec, formerly VeriSign), and Thawte. CAs, in turn, form trust relationships with other CAs. Thus, if a user queries a foreign CA for information, the user may ask to see a list of CAs that establish a "chain of trust" back to the user.

One major feature to look for in a CA is their identification policies and procedures. When a user generates a key pair and forwards the public key to a CA, the CA has to check the sender's identification and takes any steps necessary to assure itself that the request is really coming from the advertised sender. Different CAs have different identification policies and will, therefore, be trusted differently by other CAs. Verification of identity is just one of many issues that are part of a CA's Certification Practice Statement (CPS) and policies; other issues include how the CA protects the public keys in its care, how lost or compromised keys are revoked, and how the CA protects its own private keys.

As a final note, CAs are not immune to attack and certificates themselves are able to be counterfeited. One of the first such episodes occurred at the turn of the century; on January 29 and 30, 2001, two VeriSign Class 3 code-signing digital certificates were issued to an individual who fraudulently claimed to be a Microsoft employee (CERT/CC CA-2001-04 and Microsoft Security Bulletin MS01-017 - Critical). Problems have continued over the years; good write-ups on this can be found at "Another Certification Authority Breached (the 12th!)" and "How Cybercrime Exploits Digital Certificates." Readers are also urged to read "Certification Authorities Under Attack: A Plea for Certificate Legitimation" (Oppliger, R., January/February 2014, IEEE Internet Computing, 18(1), 40-47).

As a partial way to address this issue, the Internet Security Research Group (ISRG) designed the Automated Certificate Management Environment (ACME) protocol. ACME is a communications protocol that streamlines the process of deploying a Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) by automating interactions between CAs and Web servers that wish to obtain a certificate. More information can be found at the Let's Encrypt Web site, an ACME-based CA service provided by the ISRG.

4.4. Summary

The paragraphs above describe three very different trust models. It is hard to say that any one is better than the others; it depends upon your application. One of the biggest and fastest growing applications of cryptography today, though, is electronic commerce (e-commerce), a term that itself begs for a formal definition.

PGP's web of trust is easy to maintain and very much based on the reality of users as people. The model, however, is limited; just how many public keys can a single user reliably store and maintain? And what if you are using the "wrong" computer when you want to send a message and can't access your keyring? How easy it is to revoke a key if it is compromised? PGP may also not scale well to an e-commerce scenario of secure communication between total strangers on short-notice.

Kerberos overcomes many of the problems of PGP's web of trust, in that it is scalable and its scope can be very large. However, it also requires that the Kerberos server have a priori knowledge of all client systems prior to any transactions, which makes it unfeasible for "hit-and-run" client/server relationships as seen in e-commerce.

Certificates and the collection of CAs will form a PKI. In the early days of the Internet, every host had to maintain a list of every other host; the Domain Name System (DNS) introduced the idea of a distributed database for this purpose and the DNS is one of the key reasons that the Internet has grown as it has. A PKI will fill a similar void in the e-commerce and PKC realm.

While certificates and the benefits of a PKI are most often associated with electronic commerce, the applications for PKI are much broader and include secure electronic mail, payments and electronic checks, Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), secure transfer of Domain Name System (DNS) and routing information, electronic forms, and digitally signed documents. A single "global PKI" is still many years away, that is the ultimate goal of today's work as international electronic commerce changes the way in which we do business in a similar way in which the Internet has changed the way in which we communicate.

5. CRYPTOGRAPHIC ALGORITHMS IN ACTION

The paragraphs above have provided an overview of the different types of cryptographic algorithms, as well as some examples of some available protocols and schemes. Table 3 provides a list of some other noteworthy schemes and cryptosystems employed — or proposed — for a variety of functions, most notably electronic commerce and secure communication. The paragraphs below will show several real cryptographic applications that many of us employ (knowingly or not) everyday for password protection and private communication. Some of the schemes described below never were widely deployed but are still historically interesting, thus remain included here. This list is, by no means, exhaustive but describes items that are of significant current and/or historic importance (a subjective judgement, to be sure).

BitmessageA decentralized, encrypted, peer-to-peer, trustless communications protocol for message exchange. The decentralized design, outlined in "Bitmessage: A Peer-to-Peer Message Authentication and Delivery System" (Warren, 2012), is conceptually based on the Bitcoin model.
CapstoneA now-defunct U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and National Security Agency (NSA) project under the Bush Sr. and Clinton administrations for publicly available strong cryptography with keys escrowed by the government (NIST and the Treasury Dept.). Capstone included one or more tamper-proof computer chips for implementation (Clipper), a secret key encryption algorithm (Skipjack), digital signature algorithm (DSA), key exchange algorithm (KEA), and hash algorithm (SHA).
Challenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP)An authentication scheme that allows one party to prove who they are to a second party by demonstrating knowledge of a shared secret without actually divulging that shared secret to a third party who might be listening. Described in RFC 1994.
Chips-Message Robust Authentication (CHIMERA)A scheme proposed for authenticating navigation data and the spreading code of civilian signals in the Global Positioning System (GPS). This is an anti-spoofing mechanism to protect the unencrypted civilian signals; GPS military signals are encrypted.
ClipperThe computer chip that would implement the Skipjack encryption scheme. The Clipper chip was to have had a deliberate backdoor so that material encrypted with this device would not be beyond the government's reach. Described in 1993, Clipper was dead by 1996. See also EPIC's The Clipper Chip Web page.
Cryptography Research and Evaluation Committees (CRYPTEC)Similar in concept to the NIST AES process and NESSIE, CRYPTEC is the Japanese government's process to evaluate algorithms submitted for government and industry applications. CRYPTEX maintains a list of public key and secret key ciphers, hash functions, MACs, and other crypto algorithms approved for various applications in government environments.
Derived Unique Key Per Transaction (DUKPT)A key management scheme used for debit and credit card verification with point-of-sale (POS) transaction systems, automated teller machines (ATMs), and other financial applications. In DUKPT, a unique key is derived for each transaction based upon a fixed, shared key in such a way that knowledge of one derived key does not easily yield knowledge of other keys (including the fixed key). Therefore, if one of the derived keys is compromised, neither past nor subsequent transactions are endangered. DUKPT is specified in American National Standard (ANS) ANSI X9.24-1:2009 (Retail Financial Services Symmetric Key Management Part 1: Using Symmetric Techniques) and can be purchased at the ANSI X9.24 Web page.
ECRYPT Stream Cipher Project (eSTREAM)The eSTREAM project came about as a result of the failure of the NESSIE project to produce a stream cipher that survived cryptanalysis. eSTREAM ran from 2004 to 2008 with the primary purpose of promoting the design of efficient and compact stream ciphers. As of September 2008, the eSTREAM suite contains seven sciphers.
Escrowed Encryption Standard (EES)Largely unused, a controversial crypto scheme employing the SKIPJACK secret key crypto algorithm and a Law Enforcement Access Field (LEAF) creation method. LEAF was one part of the key escrow system and allowed for decryption of ciphertext messages that had been intercepted by law enforcement agencies. Described more in FIPS PUB 185 (archived; no longer in force).
Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS)These computer security- and crypto-related FIPS PUBs are produced by the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) as standards for the U.S. Government. Current Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) related to crytography include:
FortezzaA PCMCIA card developed by NSA that implements the Capstone algorithms, intended for use with the Defense Messaging Service (DMS). Originally called Tessera.
GOSTGOST is a family of algorithms defined in the Russian cryptographic standards. Although most of the specifications are written in Russian, a series of RFCs describe some of the aspects so that the algorithms can be used effectively in Internet applications:
  • RFC 4357: Additional Cryptographic Algorithms for Use with GOST 28147-89, GOST R 34.10-94, GOST R 34.10-2001, and GOST R 34.11-94 Algorithms
  • RFC 4490: Using the GOST 28147-89, GOST R 34.11-94, GOST R 34.10-94, and GOST R 34.10-2001 Algorithms with Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)
  • RFC 4491: Using the GOST R 34.10-94, GOST R 34.10-2001, and GOST R 34.11-94 Algorithms with the Internet X.509 Public Key Infrastructure Certificate and CRL Profile
  • RFC 5830: GOST 28147-89: Encryption, Decryption, and Message Authentication Code (MAC) Algorithms
  • RFC 6986: GOST R 34.11-2012: Hash Function Algorithm
  • RFC 7091: GOST R 34.10-2012: Digital Signature Algorithm (Updates RFC 5832: GOST R 34.10-2001)
  • RFC 7801: GOST R 34.12-2015: Block Cipher "Kuznyechik"
  • RFC 7836: Guidelines on the Cryptographic Algorithms to Accompany the Usage of Standards GOST R 34.10-2012 and GOST R 34.11-2012
  • RFC 8891: GOST R 34.12-2015: Block Cipher "Magma"
IP Security (IPsec)The IPsec protocol suite is used to provide privacy and authentication services at the IP layer. An overview of the protocol suite and of the documents comprising IPsec can be found in RFC 2411. Other documents include:
  • RFC 4301: IP security architecture.
  • RFC 4302: IP Authentication Header (AH), one of the two primary IPsec functions; AH provides connectionless integrity and data origin authentication for IP datagrams and protects against replay attacks.
  • RFC 4303: IP Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP), the other primary IPsec function; ESP provides a variety of security services within IPsec.
  • RFC 4304: Extended Sequence Number (ESN) Addendum, allows for negotiation of a 32- or 64- bit sequence number, used to detect replay attacks.
  • RFC 4305: Cryptographic algorithm implementation requirements for ESP and AH.
  • RFC 5996: The Internet Key Exchange (IKE) protocol, version 2, providing for mutual authentication and establishing and maintaining security associations.
    • IKE v1 was described in three separate documents, RFC 2407 (application of ISAKMP to IPsec), RFC 2408 (ISAKMP, a framework for key management and security associations), and RFC 2409 (IKE, using part of Oakley and part of SKEME in conjunction with ISAKMP to obtain authenticated keying material for use with ISAKMP, and for other security associations such as AH and ESP). IKE v1 is obsoleted with the introduction of IKEv2.
  • RFC 4307: Cryptographic algorithms used with IKEv2.
  • RFC 4308: Crypto suites for IPsec, IKE, and IKEv2.
  • RFC 4309: The use of AES in CBC-MAC mode with IPsec ESP.
  • RFC 4312: The use of the Camellia cipher algorithm in IPsec.
  • RFC 4359: The Use of RSA/SHA-1 Signatures within Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP) and Authentication Header (AH).
  • RFC 4434: Describes AES-XCBC-PRF-128, a pseudo-random function derived from the AES for use with IKE.
  • RFC 2403: Describes use of the HMAC with MD5 algorithm for data origin authentication and integrity protection in both AH and ESP.
  • RFC 2405: Describes use of DES-CBC (DES in Cipher Block Chaining Mode) for confidentiality in ESP.
  • RFC 2410: Defines use of the NULL encryption algorithm (i.e., provides authentication and integrity without confidentiality) in ESP.
  • RFC 2412: Describes OAKLEY, a key determination and distribution protocol.
  • RFC 2451: Describes use of Cipher Block Chaining (CBC) mode cipher algorithms with ESP.
  • RFCs 2522 and 2523: Description of Photuris, a session-key management protocol for IPsec.

In addition, RFC 6379 describes Suite B Cryptographic Suites for IPsec and RFC 6380 describes the Suite B profile for IPsec.

IPsec was first proposed for use with IP version 6 (IPv6), but can also be employed with the current IP version, IPv4.

(See more detail about IPsec below in Section 5.6.)

Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol (ISAKMP/OAKLEY)ISAKMP/OAKLEY provide an infrastructure for Internet secure communications. ISAKMP, designed by the National Security Agency (NSA) and described in RFC 2408, is a framework for key management and security associations, independent of the key generation and cryptographic algorithms actually employed. The OAKLEY Key Determination Protocol, described in RFC 2412, is a key determination and distribution protocol using a variation of Diffie-Hellman.
KerberosA secret key encryption and authentication system, designed to authenticate requests for network resources within a user domain rather than to authenticate messages. Kerberos also uses a trusted third-party approach; a client communications with the Kerberos server to obtain "credentials" so that it may access services at the application server. Kerberos V4 used DES to generate keys and encrypt messages; Kerberos V5 uses DES and other schemes for key generation.

Microsoft added support for Kerberos V5 — with some proprietary extensions — in Windows 2000 Active Directory. There are many Kerberos articles posted at Microsoft's Knowledge Base, notably "Kerberos Explained."
Keyed-Hash Message Authentication Code (HMAC)A message authentication scheme based upon secret key cryptography and the secret key shared between two parties rather than public key methods. Described in FIPS PUB 198 and RFC 2104. (See Section 5.19 below for details on HMAC operation.)
Message Digest Cipher (MDC)Invented by Peter Gutman, MDC turns a one-way hash function into a block cipher.
MIME Object Security Services (MOSS)Designed as a successor to PEM to provide PEM-based security services to MIME messages. Described in RFC 1848. Never widely implemented and now defunct.
Mujahedeen SecretsA Windows GUI, PGP-like cryptosystem. Developed by supporters of Al-Qaeda, the program employs the five finalist AES algorithms, namely, MARS, RC6, Rijndael, Serpent, and Twofish. Also described in Inspire Magazine, Issue 1, pp. 41-44 and Inspire Magazine, Issue 2, pp. 58-59. Additional related information can also be found in "How Al-Qaeda Uses Encryption Post-Snowden (Part 2)."
New European Schemes for Signatures, Integrity and Encryption (NESSIE)NESSIE was an independent project meant to augment the work of NIST during the AES adoption process by putting out an open call for new cryptographic primitives. The NESSIE project ran from about 2000-2003. While several new block ciper, PKC, MAC, and digital signature algorithms were found during the NESSIE process, no new stream cipher survived cryptanalysis. As a result, the ECRYPT Stream Cipher Project (eSTREAM) was created.
NSA Suite B CryptographyAn NSA standard for securing information at the SECRET level. Defines use of:
  • Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) with key sizes of 128 and 256 bits, per FIPS PUB 197 for encryption
  • The Ephemeral Unified Model and the One-Pass Diffie Hellman (referred to as ECDH) using the curves with 256 and 384-bit prime moduli, per NIST Special Publication 800-56A for key exchange
  • Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm (ECDSA) using the curves with 256 and 384-bit prime moduli, per FIPS PUB 186-3 for digital signatures
  • Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA) using 256 and 384 bits, per FIPS PUB 180-3 for hashing

RFC 6239 describes Suite B Cryptographic Suites for Secure Shell (SSH) and RFC 6379 describes Suite B Cryptographic Suites for Secure IP (IPsec).

RFC 8423 reclassifies the RFCs related to the Suite B cryptographic algorithms as Historic, and it discusses the reasons for doing so.

Pretty Good Privacy (PGP)A family of cryptographic routines for e-mail, file, and disk encryption developed by Philip Zimmermann. PGP 2.6.x uses RSA for key management and digital signatures, IDEA for message encryption, and MD5 for computing the message's hash value; more information can also be found in RFC 1991. PGP 5.x (formerly known as "PGP 3") uses Diffie-Hellman/DSS for key management and digital signatures; IDEA, CAST, or 3DES for message encryption; and MD5 or SHA for computing the message's hash value. OpenPGP, described in RFC 2440, is an open definition of security software based on PGP 5.x. The GNU Privacy Guard (GPG) is a free software version of OpenPGP.

(See more detail about PGP below in Section 5.5.)

Privacy Enhanced Mail (PEM)An IETF standard for secure electronic mail over the Internet, including provisions for encryption (DES), authentication, and key management (DES, RSA). Developed by the IETF but never widely used. Described in the following RFCs:
  • RFC 1421: Part I, Message Encryption and Authentication Procedures
  • RFC 1422: Part II, Certificate-Based Key Management
  • RFC 1423: Part III, Algorithms, Modes, and Identifiers
  • RFC 1424: Part IV, Key Certification and Related Services
Private Communication Technology (PCT)Developed by Microsoft for secure communication on the Internet. PCT supported Diffie-Hellman, Fortezza, and RSA for key establishment; DES, RC2, RC4, and triple-DES for encryption; and DSA and RSA message signatures. Never widely used; superceded by SSL and TLS.
Secure Electronic Transaction (SET)A communications protocol for securing credit card transactions, developed by MasterCard and VISA, in cooperation with IBM, Microsoft, RSA, and other companies. Merged two other protocols: Secure Electronic Payment Protocol (SEPP), an open specification for secure bank card transactions over the Internet developed by CyberCash, GTE, IBM, MasterCard, and Netscape; and Secure Transaction Technology (STT), a secure payment protocol developed by Microsoft and Visa International. Supports DES and RC4 for encryption, and RSA for signatures, key exchange, and public key encryption of bank card numbers. SET V1.0 is described in Book 1, Book 2, and Book 3. SET has been superceded by SSL and TLS.
Secure Hypertext Transfer Protocol (S-HTTP)An extension to HTTP to provide secure exchange of documents over the World Wide Web. Supported algorithms include RSA and Kerberos for key exchange, DES, IDEA, RC2, and Triple-DES for encryption. Described in RFC 2660. S-HTTP was never as widely used as HTTP over SSL (https).
Secure Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (S/MIME)An IETF secure e-mail scheme superceding PEM, and adding digital signature and encryption capability to Internet MIME messages. S/MIME Version 3.1 is described in RFCs 3850 and 3851, and employs the Cryptographic Message Syntax described in RFCs 3369 and 3370.

(More detail about S/MIME can be found below in Section 5.15.)
Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)Developed in 1995 by Netscape Communications to provide application-independent security and privacy over the Internet. SSL is designed so that protocols such as HTTP, FTP (File Transfer Protocol), and Telnet can operate over it transparently. SSL allows both server authentication (mandatory) and client authentication (optional). RSA is used during negotiation to exchange keys and identify the actual cryptographic algorithm (DES, IDEA, RC2, RC4, or 3DES) to use for the session. SSL also uses MD5 for message digests and X.509 public key certificates. SSL was found to be breakable soon after the IETF announced formation of group to work on TLS and RFC 6176 specifically prohibits the use of SSL v2.0 by TLS clients. SSL version 3.0 is described in RFC 6101. All versions of SSL are now deprecated in favor of TLS; TLS v1.0 is sometimes referred to as "SSL v3.1."

(More detail about SSL can be found below in Section 5.7.)
Server Gated Cryptography (SGC)Microsoft extension to SSL that provided strong encryption for online banking and other financial applications using RC2 (128-bit key), RC4 (128-bit key), DES (56-bit key), or 3DES (equivalent of 168-bit key). Use of SGC required an Windows NT Server running Internet Information Server (IIS) 4.0 with a valid SGC certificate. SGC was available in 32-bit Windows versions of Internet Explorer (IE) 4.0; support for Mac, Unix, and 16-bit Windows versions of IE was planned, but never materialized, and SGC was made moot when browsers started to ship with 128-bit encryption.
ShangMi (SM) Cipher SuitesA suite of authentication, encryption, and hash algorithms from the People's Republic of China.
  • SM2 Cryptography Algorithm: A public key crypto scheme based on elliptic curves. An overview of the specification, in Chinese, can be found in GM/T 0009-2012. Additional specifications can be found in:
  • SM3 Cryptographic Hash Algorithm: A hash algorithm operating on 512-bit blocks to produce a 256-bit hash value. Described in GB/T 32905-2016.
  • SM4 Block Cipher Algorithm: A Feistel block cipher algorithm with a block length and key length of 128 bits, and 32 rounds. Described in GB/T 32907-2016.
An application of the ShangMi Cipher Suites in TLS can be found in RFC 8998.
Signal ProtocolA protocol for providing end-to-end encryption for voice calls, video calls, and instant messaging (including group chats). Employing a combination of AES, ECC, and HMAC algorithms, it offers such features as confidentiality, integrity, authentication, forward/future secrecy, and message repudiation. Signal is particularly interesting because of its lineage and widespread use. The Signal Protocol's earliest versions were known as TextSecure, first developed by Open Whisper Systems in 2013. TextSecure itself was based on a 2004 protocol called Off-the-Record (OTR) Messaging, designed as an improvement over OpenPGP and S/MIME. TextSecure v2 (2014) introduced a scheme called the Axolotl Ratchet for key exchange and added additional communication features. After subsequent iterations improving key management (and the renaming of the key exchange protocol to Double Ratchet), additional cryptographic primitives, and the addition of an encrypted voice calling application (RedPhone), TextSecure was renamed Signal Protocol in 2016. The Ratchet key exchange algorithm is at the heart of the power of this system. Most messaging apps employ the users' public and private keys; the weakness here is that if the phone falls into someone else's hands, all of the messages on the device — including deleted messages — can be decrypted. The Ratchet algorithm generates a set of so-called "temporary keys" for each user, based upon that user's public/private key pair. When two users exchange messages, the Signal protocol creates a secret key by combining the temporary and permanent pairs of public and private keys for both users. Each message is assigned its own secret key. Because the generation of the secret key requires access to both users' private keys, it exists only on their two devices. The Signal Protocol is/has been employed in:
  • WhatsApp (introduced 2014)
  • G Data Software's Secure Chat (introduced 2015; service discontinued 2018)
  • Google's Allo app (introduced 2016; discontinued in favor of Messages app, 2019)
  • Facebook Messenger (introduced 2016)
  • Skype's Private Conversations mode (introduced 2018)
  • All of Google's Rich Communication Services (RCS) on Android systems (introduced 2020)
A reasonably good writeup of the protocol can be found in "Demystifying the Signal Protocol for End-to-End Encryption (E2EE)" by Kozhukhovskaya, Mora, and Wong (2017).
Simple Authentication and Security Layer (SASL)A framework for providing authentication and data security services in connection-oriented protocols (a la TCP), described in RFC 4422. It provides a structured interface and allows new protocols to reuse existing authentication mechanisms and allows old protocols to make use of new mechanisms.

It has been common practice on the Internet to permit anonymous access to various services, employing a plain-text password using a user name of "anonymous" and a password of an email address or some other identifying information. New IETF protocols disallow plain-text logins. The Anonymous SASL Mechanism (RFC 4505) provides a method for anonymous logins within the SASL framework.
Simple Key-Management for Internet Protocol (SKIP)Key management scheme for secure IP communication, specifically for IPsec, and designed by Aziz and Diffie. SKIP essentially defines a public key infrastructure for the Internet and even uses X.509 certificates. Most public key cryptosystems assign keys on a per-session basis, which is inconvenient for the Internet since IP is connectionless. Instead, SKIP provides a basis for secure communication between any pair of Internet hosts. SKIP can employ DES, 3DES, IDEA, RC2, RC5, MD5, and SHA-1. As it happened, SKIP was not adopted for IPsec; IKE was selected instead.
SM9Chinese Standard GM/T0044-2016 SM9 (2016) is the Chinese national standard for Identity Based Cryptography. SM9 comprises three cryptographic algorithms, namely the Identity Based Digital Signature Algorithm, Identity Based Key Agreement Algorithm, and Identity Based Key Encapsulation Algorithm (allowing one party to securely send a symmetric key to another party). The SM9 scheme is also described in The SM9 Cryptographic Schemes (Z. Cheng).
TelegramTelegram, launched in 2013, is a cloud-based instant messaging and voice over IP (VoIP) service, with client app software available for all major computer and mobile device operating systems. Telegram allows users to exchange messages, photos, videos, etc., and supplies end-to-end encryption using a protocol called MTProto. stickers, audio and files of any type. MTProto employs 256-bit AES, 2048-bit RSA, and Diffie-Hellman key exchange. There have been several contriversies with Telegram, not the least of which has to do with the nationality of the founders and the true location of the business, as well as some operation issues. From a cryptological viewpoint, however, one cautionary tale can be found in "On the CCA (in)security of MTProto" (Jakobsen & Orlandi, 2015), who describe some of the crypto weaknesses of the protocol; specifically, that "MTProto does not satisfy the definitions of authenticated encryption (AE) or indistinguishability under chosen-ciphertext attack (IND-CCA)" (p. 1).
Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) encryption (tcpcrypt)As of 2019, the majority of Internet TCP traffic is not encrypted. The two primary reasons for this are (1) many legacy protocols have no mechanism with which to employ encryption (e.g., without a command such as STARTSSL, the protocol cannot invoke use of any encryption) and (2) many legacy applications cannot be upgraded, so no new encryption can be added. The response from the IETF's TCP Increased Security Working Group was to define a transparent way within the transport layer (i.e., TCP) with which to invoke encryption. The TCP Encryption Negotiation Option (TCP-ENO) addresses these two problems with an out-of-band, fully backward-compatible TCP option with which to negotiate use of encryption. TCP-ENO is described in RFC 8547 and tcpcrypt, an encryption protocol to protect TCP streams, is described in RFC 8548.
Transport Layer Security (TLS)TLS v1.0 is an IETF specification (RFC 2246) intended to replace SSL v3.0. TLS v1.0 employs Triple-DES (secret key cryptography), SHA (hash), Diffie-Hellman (key exchange), and DSS (digital signatures). TLS v1.0 was vulnerable to attack and updated by v1.1 (RFC 4346), which is now classified as an HISTORIC specification. TLS v1.1 was replaced by TLS v1.2 (RFC 5246) and, subsequently, by v1.3 (RFC 8446).

TLS is designed to operate over TCP. The IETF developed the Datagram Transport Layer Security (DTLS) protocol to operate over UDP. DTLS v1.2 is described in RFC 6347.

(See more detail about TLS below in Section 5.7.)
TrueCryptOpen source, multi-platform cryptography software that can be used to encrypt a file, partition, or entire disk. One of TrueCrypt's more interesting features is that of plausible deniability with hidden volumes or hidden operating systems. The original Web site, truecrypt.org, suddenly went dark in May 2014. The current fork of TrueCrypt is VeraCrypt.

(See more detail about TrueCrypt below in Section 5.11.)
X.509ITU-T recommendation for the format of certificates for the public key infrastructure. Certificates map (bind) a user identity to a public key. The IETF application of X.509 certificates is documented in RFC 5280. An Internet X.509 Public Key Infrastructure is further defined in RFC 4210 (Certificate Management Protocols) and RFC 3647 (Certificate Policy and Certification Practices Framework).

5.1. Password Protection

Nearly all modern multiuser computer and network operating systems employ passwords at the very least to protect and authenticate users accessing computer and/or network resources. But passwords are not typically kept on a host or server in plaintext, but are generally encrypted using some sort of hash scheme.

A) /etc/passwd file root:Jbw6BwE4XoUHo:0:0:root:/root:/bin/bash carol:FM5ikbQt1K052:502:100:Carol Monaghan:/home/carol:/bin/bash alex:LqAi7Mdyg/HcQ:503:100:Alex Insley:/home/alex:/bin/bash gary:FkJXupRyFqY4s:501:100:Gary Kessler:/home/gary:/bin/bash todd:edGqQUAaGv7g6:506:101:Todd Pritsky:/home/todd:/bin/bash josh:FiH0ONcjPut1g:505:101:Joshua Kessler:/home/webroot:/bin/bash B.1) /etc/passwd file (with shadow passwords) root:x:0:0:root:/root:/bin/bash carol:x:502:100:Carol Monaghan:/home/carol:/bin/bash alex:x:503:100:Alex Insley:/home/alex:/bin/bash gary:x:501:100:Gary Kessler:/home/gary:/bin/bash todd:x:506:101:Todd Pritsky:/home/todd:/bin/bash josh:x:505:101:Joshua Kessler:/home/webroot:/bin/bash B.2) /etc/shadow file root:AGFw$1$P4u/uhLK$l2.HP35rlu65WlfCzq:11449:0:99999:7::: carol:kjHaN%35a8xMM8a/0kMl1?fwtLAM.K&kw.:11449:0:99999:7::: alex:1$1KKmfTy0a7#3.LL9a8H71lkwn/.hH22a:11449:0:99999:7::: gary:9ajlknknKJHjhnu7298ypnAIJKL$Jh.hnk:11449:0:99999:7::: todd:798POJ90uab6.k$klPqMt%alMlprWqu6$.:11492:0:99999:7::: josh:Awmqpsui*787pjnsnJJK%aappaMpQo07.8:11492:0:99999:7:::

FIGURE 8: Sample entries in Unix/Linux password files.

Unix/Linux, for example, uses a well-known hash via its crypt() function. Passwords are stored in the /etc/passwd file (Figure 8A); each record in the file contains the username, hashed password, user's individual and group numbers, user's name, home directory, and shell program; these fields are separated by colons (:). Note that each password is stored as a 13-byte string. The first two characters are actually a salt, randomness added to each password so that if two users have the same password, they will still be encrypted differently; the salt, in fact, provides a means so that a single password might have 4096 different encryptions. The remaining 11 bytes are the password hash, calculated using DES.

As it happens, the /etc/passwd file is world-readable on Unix systems. This fact, coupled with the weak encryption of the passwords, resulted in the development of the shadow password system where passwords are kept in a separate, non-world-readable file used in conjunction with the normal password file. When shadow passwords are used, the password entry in /etc/passwd is replaced with a "*" or "x" (Figure 8B.1) and the MD5 hash of the passwords are stored in /etc/shadow along with some other account information (Figure 8B.2).

Windows NT uses a similar scheme to store passwords in the Security Access Manager (SAM) file. In the NT case, all passwords are hashed using the MD4 algorithm, resulting in a 128-bit (16-byte) hash value (they are then obscured using an undocumented mathematical transformation that was a secret until distributed on the Internet). The password password, for example, might be stored as the hash value (in hexadecimal) 60771b22d73c34bd4a290a79c8b09f18.

Passwords are not saved in plaintext on computer systems precisely so they cannot be easily compromised. For similar reasons, we don't want passwords sent in plaintext across a network. But for remote logon applications, how does a client system identify itself or a user to the server? One mechanism, of course, is to send the password as a hash value and that, indeed, may be done. A weakness of that approach, however, is that an intruder can grab the password off of the network and use an off-line attack (such as a dictionary attack where an attacker takes every known word and encrypts it with the network's encryption algorithm, hoping eventually to find a match with a purloined password hash). In some situations, an attacker only has to copy the hashed password value and use it later on to gain unauthorized entry without ever learning the actual password.

An even stronger authentication method uses the password to modify a shared secret between the client and server, but never allows the password in any form to go across the network. This is the basis for the Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP), the remote logon process used by Windows NT.

As suggested above, Windows NT passwords are stored in a security file on a server as a 16-byte hash value. In truth, Windows NT stores two hashes; a weak hash based upon the old LAN Manager (LanMan) scheme and the newer NT hash. When a user logs on to a server from a remote workstation, the user is identified by the username, sent across the network in plaintext (no worries here; it's not a secret anyway!). The server then generates a 64-bit random number and sends it to the client (also in plaintext). This number is the challenge.

Using the LanMan scheme, the client system then encrypts the challenge using DES. Recall that DES employs a 56-bit key, acts on a 64-bit block of data, and produces a 64-bit output. In this case, the 64-bit data block is the random number. The client actually uses three different DES keys to encrypt the random number, producing three different 64-bit outputs. The first key is the first seven bytes (56 bits) of the password's hash value, the second key is the next seven bytes in the password's hash, and the third key is the remaining two bytes of the password's hash concatenated with five zero-filled bytes. (So, for the example above, the three DES keys would be 60771b22d73c34, bd4a290a79c8b0, and 9f180000000000.) Each key is applied to the random number resulting in three 64-bit outputs, which comprise the response. Thus, the server's 8-byte challenge yields a 24-byte response from the client and this is all that would be seen on the network. The server, for its part, does the same calculation to ensure that the values match.

There is, however, a significant weakness to this system. Specifically, the response is generated in such a way as to effectively reduce 16-byte hash to three smaller hashes, of length seven, seven, and two, respectively. Thus, a password cracker has to break at most a 7-byte hash. One Windows NT vulnerability test program that I used in the past reported passwords that were "too short," defined as "less than 8 characters." When I asked how the program knew that passwords were too short, the software's salespeople suggested to me that the program broke the passwords to determine their length. This was, in fact, not the case at all; all the software really had to do was to look at the last eight bytes of the Windows NT LanMan hash to see that the password was seven or fewer characters.

Consider the following example, showing the LanMan hash of two different short passwords (take a close look at the last 8 bytes):

AA: 89D42A44E77140AAAAD3B435B51404EE
AAA: 1C3A2B6D939A1021AAD3B435B51404EE

Note that the NT hash provides no such clue:

AA: C5663434F963BE79C8FD99F535E7AAD8
AAA: 6B6E0FB2ED246885B98586C73B5BFB77

It is worth noting that the discussion above describes the Microsoft version of CHAP, or MS-CHAP (MS-CHAPv2 is described in RFC 2759). MS-CHAP assumes that it is working with hashed values of the password as the key to encrypting the challenge. More traditional CHAP (RFC 1994) assumes that it is starting with passwords in plaintext. The relevance of this observation is that a CHAP client, for example, cannot be authenticated by an MS-CHAP server; both client and server must use the same CHAP version.

5.2. Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange

Diffie and Hellman introduced the concept of public key cryptography. The mathematical "trick" of Diffie-Hellman key exchange is that it is relatively easy to compute exponents compared to computing discrete logarithms. Diffie-Hellman allows two parties — the ubiquitous Alice and Bob — to generate a secret key; they need to exchange some information over an unsecure communications channel to perform the calculation but an eavesdropper cannot determine the shared secret key based upon this information.

Diffie-Hellman works like this. Alice and Bob start by agreeing on a large prime number, N. They also have to choose some number G so that G<N.

There is actually another constraint on G, namely that it must be primitive with respect to N. Primitive is a definition that is a little beyond the scope of our discussion but basically G is primitive to N if the set of N-1 values of Gi mod N for i = (1,N-1) are all different. As an example, 2 is not primitive to 7 because the set of powers of 2 from 1 to 6, mod 7 (i.e., 21 mod 7, 22 mod 7, ..., 26 mod 7) = {2,4,1,2,4,1}. On the other hand, 3 is primitive to 7 because the set of powers of 3 from 1 to 6, mod 7 = {3,2,6,4,5,1}.

(The definition of primitive introduced a new term to some readers, namely mod. The phrase x mod y (and read as written!) means "take the remainder after dividing x by y." Thus, 1 mod 7 = 1, 9 mod 6 = 3, and 8 mod 8 = 0. Read more about the modulo function in the appendix.)

Anyway, either Alice or Bob selects N and G; they then tell the other party what the values are. Alice and Bob then work independently (Figure 9):

Alice...

  1. Choose a large random number, XA < N. This is Alice's private key.
  2. Compute YA = GXA mod N. This is Alice's public key.
  3. Exchange public key with Bob.
  4. Compute KA = YBXA mod N
Bob...

  1. Choose a large random number, XB < N. This is Bob's private key.
  2. Compute YB = GXB mod N. This is Bob's public key.
  3. Exchange public key with Alice.
  4. Compute KB = YAXB mod N
FIGURE 9: Diffie-Hellman key exchange model.

Note that XA and XB are kept secret while YA and YB are openly shared; these are the private and public keys, respectively. Based on their own private key and the public key learned from the other party, Alice and Bob have computed their secret keys, KA and KB, respectively, which are equal to GXAXB mod N.

Perhaps a small example will help here. Although Alice and Bob will really choose large values for N and G, I will use small values for example only; let's use N=7 and G=3, as shown in Figure 10.

Alice...

  1. Choose private key; XA = 2
  2. Compute public key; YA = 32 mod 7 = 2
  3. Exchange public key with Bob
  4. KA = YBXA mod N = 62 mod 7 = 1
Bob...

  1. Choose private key; XB = 3
  2. Compute public key; YB = 33 mod 7 = 6
  3. Exchange public key with Alice
  4. KB = YAXB mod N = 23 mod 7 = 1
FIGURE 10: Diffie-Hellman key exchange example.

In this example, then, Alice and Bob will both find the secret key 1 which is, indeed, 36 mod 7 (i.e., GXAXB = 32x3). If an eavesdropper (Eve) was listening in on the information exchange between Alice and Bob, she would learn G, N, YA, and YB which is a lot of information but insufficient to compromise the key; as long as XA and XB remain unknown, K is safe. As stated above, calculating Y = GX is a lot easier than finding X = logG Y.


A short digression on modulo arithmetic. In the paragraph above, we noted that 36 mod 7 = 1. This can be confirmed, of course, by noting that:

36 = 729 = 104*7 + 1

There is a nice property of modulo arithmetic, however, that makes this determination a little easier, namely: (a mod x)(b mod x) = (ab mod x). Therefore, one possible shortcut is to note that 36 = (33)(33). Therefore, 36 mod 7 = (33 mod 7)(33 mod 7) = (27 mod 7)(27 mod 7) = 6*6 mod 7 = 36 mod 7 = 1.


Diffie-Hellman can also be used to allow key sharing amongst multiple users. Note again that the Diffie-Hellman algorithm is used to generate secret keys, not to encrypt and decrypt messages.

5.3. RSA Public Key Cryptography

Unlike Diffie-Hellman, RSA can be used for key exchange as well as digital signatures and the encryption of small blocks of data. Today, RSA is primarily used to encrypt the session key used for secret key encryption (message integrity) or the message's hash value (digital signature). RSA's mathematical hardness comes from the ease in calculating large numbers and the difficulty in finding the prime factors of those large numbers. Although employed with numbers using hundreds of digits, the math behind RSA is relatively straight-forward.

To create an RSA public/private key pair, here are the basic steps:

  1. Choose two prime numbers, p and q. From these numbers you can calculate the modulus, n = pq.
  2. Select a third number, e, that is relatively prime to (i.e., it does not divide evenly into) the product (p-1)(q-1). The number e is the public exponent.
  3. Calculate an integer d from the quotient (ed-1)/[(p-1)(q-1)]. The number d is the private exponent.

The public key is the number pair (n,e). Although these values are publicly known, it is computationally infeasible to determine d from n and e if p and q are large enough.

To encrypt a message, M, with the public key, create the ciphertext, C, using the equation:

The receiver then decrypts the ciphertext with the private key using the equation:

Now, this might look a bit complex and, indeed, the mathematics does take a lot of computer power given the large size of the numbers; since p and q may be 100 digits (decimal) or more, d and e will be about the same size and n may be over 200 digits. Nevertheless, a simple example may help. In this example, the values for p, q, e, and d are purposely chosen to be very small and the reader will see exactly how badly these values perform, but hopefully the algorithm will be adequately demonstrated:

  1. Select p=3 and q=5.
  2. The modulus n = pq = 15.
  3. The value e must be relatively prime to (p-1)(q-1) = (2)(4) = 8. Select e=11.
  4. The value d must be chosen so that (ed-1)/[(p-1)(q-1)] is an integer. Thus, the value (11d-1)/[(2)(4)] = (11d-1)/8 must be an integer. Calculate one possible value, d=3.
  5. Let's suppose that we want to send a message — maybe a secret key — that has the numeric value of 7 (i.e., M=7). [More on this choice below.]
  6. The sender encrypts the message (M) using the public key value (e,n)=(11,15) and computes the ciphertext (C) with the formula C = 711 mod 15 = 1977326743 mod 15 = 13.
  7. The receiver decrypts the ciphertext using the private key value (d,n)=(3,15) and computes the plaintext with the formula M = 133 mod 15 = 2197 mod 15 = 7.

I choose this trivial example because the value of n is so small (in particular, the value M cannot exceed n). But here is a more realistic example using larger d, e, and n values, as well as a more meaningful message; thanks to Barry Steyn for permission to use values from his How RSA Works With Examples page.

Let's say that we have chosen p and q so that we have the following value for n:

14590676800758332323018693934907063529240187237535716439958187
10198734387990053589383695714026701498021218180862924674228281
57022922076746906543401224889672472407926969987100581290103199
31785875366371086235765651050788371429711563734278891146353510
2712032765166518411726859837988672111837205085526346618740053

Let's also suppose that we have selected the public key, e, and private key, d, as follows:

65537

89489425009274444368228545921773093919669586065884257445497854
45648767483962981839093494197326287961679797060891728367987549
93315741611138540888132754881105882471930775825272784379065040
15680623423550067240042466665654232383502922215493623289472138
866445818789127946123407807725702626644091036502372545139713

Now suppose that our message (M) is the character string "attack at dawn" which has the numeric value (after converting the ASCII characters to a bit string and interpreting that bit string as a decimal number) of 1976620216402300889624482718775150.

The encryption phase uses the formula C = Me mod n, so C has the value:

35052111338673026690212423937053328511880760811579981620642802
34668581062310985023594304908097338624111378404079470419397821
53784997654130836464387847409523069325349451950801838615742252
26218879827232453912820596886440377536082465681750074417459151
485407445862511023472235560823053497791518928820272257787786

The decryption phase uses the formula M = Cd mod n, so M has the value that matches our original plaintext:

1976620216402300889624482718775150

This more realistic example gives just a clue as to how large the numbers are that are used in the real world implementations. RSA keylengths of 512 and 768 bits are considered to be pretty weak. The minimum suggested RSA key is 1024 bits; 2048 and 3072 bits are even better.

As an aside, Adam Back (http://www.cypherspace.org/~adam/) wrote a two-line Perl script to implement RSA. It employs dc, an arbitrary precision arithmetic package that ships with most UNIX systems:

print pack"C*",split/\D+/,`echo "16iII*o\[email protected]{$/=$z;[(pop,pop,unpack"H*",<> )]}\EsMsKsN0[lN*1lK[d2%Sa2/d0<X+d*lMLa^*lN%0]dsXx++lMlN/dsM0<J]dsJxp"

Resolving Host? How to Fix This When Your Browser Is Stuck

Ok so for about a week my computer has been royally pissing me off in the worst way possible.  My laptop is a vertitable Porsche of a system.  32GB of RAM… Intel i7 Processor… 1TB SSD… it isn’t new but it’s a top of the line system and I take better care of my laptop than I do my own body (okay, that’s not entirely true… well maybe).  Today I met my match with a “Resolving Host” issue… let me explain.

The internet service we have at home is blazing.  Everything is fast. I’m CyberGhost VPN Crack 8.2.4.7664 + Serial Key Free Download 2022 one of those stupid click-happy users who downloads spyware, malware and potentially unwanted programs.  I know how malware works (heck, I even reverse engineer it in my spare time using VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen PRO and gdb).  I’m not a novice or new user.  I pay attention to what I click.

But here’s the thing: for the past month or so my computer VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen been slugging along and I never really took the time to figure out why.  And to be more exact: it wasn’t the computer itself but rather my browsers.

My main go to browser is Google Chrome.  I have Microsoft Edge and Firefox Quantum but I still use Chrome because I’m used to it and all my extensions live there.

Sometimes rebooting my computer would temporarily speed things up but it didn’t always fix things.

Now before I get into my issue and how I fixed it I need you to know something about me.  I used to work the Help Desk in college and I did Tier 2 and Tier 3 technical support at IBM as my first job.  I know how this stuff works.

But what really pisses me off is when I need to use Help Desk skills on my personal computer.  It’s like I have this innate believe that tech guys should be immune to computer problems.  It’s like I’m blaming God saying, “Hey, this can happen to everyone else but not me!  It’s not fair!” wha wha wha!  And then I start whining like a baby.

So whenever my computer starts acting weird I usually don’t apply the same critical thinking skills to my personal machine that I do to a client or customer.

Anyway, over the past few weeks my browser would continually say, “Resolving Host” in the status bar.

It was the most annoying thing in the world.  I pop open Google Chrome, and it says, “Resolving Host” in the status bar.  And it just hangs there… it doesn’t matter if I refresh the page or close and open the browser, Chrome is stuck in “Resolving Host“.

Chrome Stuck Resolving Host

After a few minutes it would sometimes fix itself but I couldn’t find any rhyme or reason to it.

Until today.

How to Fix “Resolving Host…” In Chrome

So VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen the thing – if you’ve ever experienced this error the first thing you need to fix is yourself: stay calm.  There is hope.

Resolving Host means there’s a problem… resolving the host.

To be more precise, it means there’s a problem with DNS.  The Domain Name Service, is the internet service that’s responsible for translating domain names, such as fixedbyvonnie.com to an IP address.  If this step fails you’ll never be able to browse any where.

DNS_PROBE_FINISHED_BAD_CONFIG huh?

One other thing: when you see this “Resolving Host” issue sometimes the page does eventually error out.  In my case, it displayed the following error:

This site can't be reached google.com's server IP address could not be found. Try: Checking the proxy, firewall, and DNS configuration Running Windows Network Disgnostics DNS_PROBE_FINISHED_BAD_CONFIG

w00t.

DNS_PROBE_FINISHED_BAD_CONFIG

And yes, I actually clicked the “Checking the proxy, firewall, and DNS configuration” and “Running Windows Network Diagnostics” links and neither helped one bit.

So here’s how I fixed this super annoying issue (and here’s what you need to do right now to fix this problem.”

First we need to open an elevated command prompt.

Hit the Windows Key, type “cmd” and press Ctrl + Shift EasyRecovery Professional 14.0.0.6 Crack & License Key Full Version 2021 Enter.

1. Flush DNS

This is a quick way to open the command prompt as an Administrator.  Now we’re going to flush the local DNS cache on your system.  If the local cache gets corrupted it can affect your ability to browse the web because the name-to-IP mappings will be invalid.

Bust open the command prompt and type this exactly:

ipconfig /flushdns

ipconfig flush dns

Alright, good now we need to use netsh to reset your IP settings.

Using netsh to reset TCP/IP

We’re going to type:

netsh int ip reset

yeah baby!

VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen alt="netsh int ip reset" width="605" height="344">

netsh is a command line scripting utility that system admins use to automated tasks and configure various aspects of the local computer.  We’re using this magical tool to reset our TCP/IP protocol stack.  This trick is a lifesaver – it saved my but tonight – and that’s why I’m sharing it with you.

After it completes it’ll ask you to reboot.

You can type:

shutdown /r /t 0

That’s a zero not an “oh”.  It says, restart the computer and wait zero seconds.  In other words, do it now.

When the box comes back up all should be well.

What to do if that didn’t work

If you’re still having problems resolving host after following my above suggestions then make sure:

You aren’t using a Proxy.  Hit the Windows Key, type “inetcpl.cpl”, hit the “Connections” tab, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, choose “LAN Settings” and make sure everything is unchecked.  Everything, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, meaning: “Automatically detect settings”, “Use Automatic Configuration Script” and “Use a proxy server for your LAN”

Internet Properties Windows 10

Secondly, make sure you’re IP and DNS settings are set to use DHCP.

Hit the Windows Key again, type “ncpa.cpl”, double-click your Adapter, go to “Properties”, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, double click “Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) and make sure everything is set to “Obtain an IP address automatically” and “Obtain DNS server address automatically”

Windows DHCP

If you still have the problem after making this change, either reboot your internet router or manually change your DNS server to 8.8.8.8, 8.8.4.4 or 4.2.2.2.

Sounds crazy I know but just do it.  Sorry to sound mean – but it works.

Alright that’s all I have I hope this was helpful – if it was remember to share this post with your friends and leave a comment!  Thanks!

Oh yeah, and Happy New Year! hehe.

Posted in Desktops, How To, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, Laptops, Web Browsers, Windows 10, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Vista Tagged with: Browsers

Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

UnWrapper GOTD V2 Saves the Latest Giveawayoftheday Setup Files

Almost everybody who likes to download some free software from time to time knows all about GiveawayOfTheDay. Since 2006 GiveawayOfTheDay has been offering shareware and commercial software to its readers, free of charge. The GiveawayOfTheDay software is rotated once a day and you have 24 hours to download AirParrot 2.8.1 Crack FREE Download install, then activate the software on your computer. If you don’t install during that time it’s tough luck because the software is wrapped in their own custom installer which will only allow you to install and activate the software within the one day period.

It does this by checking the GOTD servers online and won’t allow the download if you are trying outside of the 24 hour period. While the software given away might not always be very good, it used to be very easy to download and then save the installer and license information for future use outside of the time limit. The installer used to store itself in the Windows Temp folder and could easily be copied, then you had the real installer ready to use any time you wanted to. But in 2012 there was a controversial change and made saving the installer files very difficult.

The updated 2012 wrapper was based on Themida technology which is similar to what’s used in malicious rootkits, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. It was done largely to stop users easily grabbing the installer and registration information without installing the software, something which GiveawayOfTheDay don’t like you doing because you’re only supposed to install and activate the program on the day the software is offered.

gotd download wrapped program

A member called Maximus from the cracking group Revenge Crew saved the day in late 2012 because he released a small tool called Unwrapper GOTD which allowed you to still get hold of installers and license keys from the encrypted .GCD files for future usage. That tool, although good, had a major problem which was it wouldn’t work properly in 64-bit versions of Windows. But yet again, GiveawayOfTheDay made changes to their wrapper in early 2015 which means Unwrapper GOTD version 1 no longer works.

Although GiveawayOfTheDay isn’t as good as it once was, there are still users who would like to keep some GOTD giveaways if only there was a way around this newer VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen protection. Thankfully, Maximus has done it again and released Unwrapper GOTD version 2!

UnWrapper GOTD v2

weighs in at only 60KB and is just as easy to use as the previous version. Firstly, download the Giveaway of the Day software and extract the downloaded zip file to a folder. There will be a Readme.txt with any related activation links or serial numbers, a Setup.exe and a Setup.gcd. Alternatively you may get a standard setup.exe installer that isn’t wrapped VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen an Activate.exe that is protected along with its Activate.gcd, this will usually produce a .reg file that needs merging into your registry to activate the software.

Run the UnWrapper GOTD v2 executable and it will popup a file requester dialog which will ask you where the extracted Setup.exe or Activate.exe file is (it has an orange icon), simply locate and double click on the file.

unwrapper gotd v2 browse file

After a few VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen the unwrapper should tell you tell you the original installer or activation registry file has been saved in the same folder as the GOTD executable and files.

unwrapped by unwrapper gotd v2

Any subsequent windows after you’ve seen this box are irrelevant and can be closed or canceled VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen you don’t want to install the software right now. Go back to the original folder and your new setup installer or registration.reg file should be there. If it is, the old setup.exe and setup.gcd files can be deleted. The text file can be removed only if it doesn’t contain a serial number or registration link etc.

delete old activation files

Unwrapping Files from an Expired GOTD Giveaway

Version 2 of Unwrapper GOTD also includes another function which is being able to extract the setup installer or registration file after the 24 hour period expires. This can be useful if you downloaded the giveaway and for whatever reason didn’t connect to the GOTD server within the allotted time.

This is a three step process and requires a separate text file called gotd_keys.txt to be present inside the extracted giveaway’s folder, Unwrapper GOTD runs in offline save mode where it downloads an extraction key to the text file, and then it runs in offline load mode where it uses the key and unwraps the .GCD file. Here’s how to do it:

1. In the extracted giveaway folder, add the text file. Right click > New > Text Document and give it the name gotd_keys.txt. If file extensions are not set to show in Windows simply call it gotd_keys.

create gotd text file key

2. Run Unwrapper GOTD and select the Activate.exe or Setup.exe file.  After a few seconds a window will say the unwrapper is running in ‘offline mode – Save’ and a popup will show a request/response key has been saved to the gotd_keys.txt file.

unwrapper gotd offline save mode

3. For a second time run Unwrapper GOTD v2 and select the Activate.exe or Setup.exe again. This time it will show ‘offline mode – Load’ in the title bar and the key will be read to unwrap the files.

unwrapper gotd nline save mode

This should behave exactly like if you were running the giveaway during the normal one day period, but you aren’t! Note although Unwrapper GOTD 2.01 needed an active internet connection while unwrapping using this method, 2.03 has removed this requirement.

Although we’ve not had a great deal of time to thoroughly test the program, it so far works fine on a wrapped installer with Activate.exe/Activate.gcd or Setup.exe/Setup.gcd files. It should also work on Game Giveawayoftheday’s just as well. A Youtube video of Unwrapper GOTD v2 created by Maximus showing how it works is available. We will continue to check over the coming days to see if the program works correctly in all possible scenarios.

We’re happy to report this new Unwrapper GOTD v2 works fine on 32-bit and 64-bit versions of Windows XP, Vista, 7, 8.1 and 10 preview without issue. Unwrapper GOTD v2 requires administrator privileges to work, if the program fails to extract the files properly then temporarily disable your security software.

Download UnWrapper GOTD v2

Important Note: Because Unwrapper GOTD is similar to a hacking or cracking tool it will inevitably get flagged as malicious in a number of antivirus, at places like VirusTotal and in your web browser. We are as sure as we can be the author is acting in good faith and the tool is only trying to extract the GOTD files from what is effectively an installer using DRM. Please bear this in mind and if you are unsure or worried about the program producing the false positives it does, then please don’t download or use Unwrapper GOTD.

Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

An Overview of Cryptography

1. INTRODUCTION

Does increased security provide comfort to paranoid people? Or does security VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen some very basic protections that we are naive to believe that we don't need? During this time when the Internet provides essential VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen between literally billions of people and is used as a tool for commerce, social interaction, and the exchange of an increasing amount of personal information, security has become a tremendously important issue for every user to deal with.

There are many aspects to security and many applications, ranging from secure commerce and payments to private communications and protecting health care information. One essential aspect for secure communications is that of cryptography. But it is important to note that while cryptography is necessary for secure communications, it is not by itself sufficient. The reader is advised, then, that the topics covered here only describe the first of many steps necessary for better security in any number of situations.

This paper has two major purposes. The first is to define some of the terms and concepts behind basic cryptographic methods, and to offer a way to compare the myriad cryptographic schemes in use today. The second is to provide some real examples of cryptography in use today. (See Section A.4 for some additional commentary on this.)

DISCLAIMER: Several companies, products, and services are mentioned in this tutorial. Such mention is for example purposes only and, unless explicitly stated otherwise, should not be taken as a recommendation or endorsement by the author.

2. BASIC CONCEPTS OF CRYPTOGRAPHY

Cryptography — the science of secret writing — is an ancient art; the first documented use of cryptography in writing dates back to circa 1900 B.C. when an Egyptian scribe used non-standard hieroglyphs in an inscription. Some experts argue that cryptography appeared spontaneously sometime after writing was invented, with applications ranging from diplomatic missives to war-time battle plans. It is no surprise, then, that new forms of cryptography came soon after the widespread development of computer communications, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. In data and telecommunications, cryptography is necessary when communicating over any untrusted medium, which includes just about any network, particularly the Internet.

There are five primary functions of cryptography:

  1. Privacy/confidentiality: Ensuring that no one can read the message except the intended receiver.
  2. Authentication: The process of proving one's identity.
  3. Integrity: Assuring the receiver that the received message has not been altered in any way from the original.
  4. Non-repudiation: A mechanism to prove that the sender really sent this message.
  5. Key exchange: The method by which crypto keys are shared between sender and receiver.

In cryptography, we start with the unencrypted data, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, referred to as plaintext. Plaintext is encrypted into ciphertext, which will in turn (usually) be decrypted back into usable plaintext. The encryption and decryption is based upon the type of cryptography scheme being employed and some form of key. For those who like formulas, this process is sometimes written as:

C = Ek(P)
P VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen Dk(C)

      where P = plaintext, C = ciphertext, E = the encryption method, D = the decryption method, and k = the key.

Given this, there are other functions that might be supported by crypto and other terms that one might hear:

  • Forward Secrecy (aka Perfect Forward Secrecy): This feature protects past encrypted sessions from compromise even if the server holding the messages is compromised. This is accomplished by creating a different key for every session so that compromise of a single key does not threaten the entirely of the communications.
  • Perfect Security: A system that is unbreakable and where the ciphertext conveys no information about the plaintext or the key. To achieve perfect security, the key has to be at least as long as the plaintext, making analysis and even brute-force attacks impossible. One-time pads are an example of such a system.
  • Deniable Authentication (aka Message Repudiation): A method whereby participants in an exchange of messages can be assured in the authenticity of the messages but in such a way that senders can later plausibly deny their participation to a third-party.

In many of the descriptions below, two communicating parties will be referred to as Alice and Bob; this is the common nomenclature in the crypto field and VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen to make it easier to identify the communicating parties. If there is a third and fourth party to the communication, they will be referred to as Carol and Dave, respectively. A malicious party is referred to as Mallory, an eavesdropper as Eve, and a trusted third party VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen Trent.

Finally, cryptography is most closely associated with the development and creation of the mathematical algorithms used to encrypt and decrypt messages, whereas cryptanalysis is the science of analyzing and breaking encryption schemes. Cryptology is the umbrella term referring to the broad study of secret writing, and encompasses both cryptography and cryptanalysis.

3. TYPES OF CRYPTOGRAPHIC ALGORITHMS

There are several ways of classifying cryptographic algorithms. For purposes of this paper, they will be categorized based on the number of keys that are employed for encryption and decryption, and further defined by their application and use. The three types of algorithms that will be discussed are (Figure 1):

  • Secret Key Cryptography (SKC): Uses a single key for both encryption and decryption; also called symmetric encryption. Primarily used for privacy and confidentiality.
  • Public Key Cryptography (PKC): Uses one key for encryption and another for decryption; also called asymmetric encryption. Primarily used for authentication, non-repudiation, and key exchange.
  • Hash Functions: Uses a mathematical transformation to irreversibly "encrypt" information, providing a digital fingerprint. Primarily used for message integrity.

FIGURE 1: Three types of cryptography: secret key, public key, and hash function.

3.1. Secret Key Cryptography

Secret key cryptography methods employ a single key for both encryption and decryption. As Proshow Gold windows Archives in Figure 1A, the sender uses the key to encrypt the plaintext and sends the VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen to the receiver. The receiver applies the same key to decrypt the message and recover the plaintext. Because a single key is used for both functions, secret key cryptography is also called symmetric encryption.

With this form of cryptography, it is obvious that the key must be known to both the sender and the receiver; that, in fact, is the secret. The biggest difficulty with this approach, of course, is the distribution of the key (more on that later in the discussion of public key cryptography).

Secret key cryptography schemes are generally categorized as being either stream ciphers or block ciphers.

A) Self-synchronizing stream cipher. (From Schneier, 1996, Figure 9.8)

B) Synchronous stream cipher, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. (From Schneier, 1996, Figure 9.6)

FIGURE 2: Types of stream ciphers.

Stream ciphers operate on a single bit (byte or computer word) at a time and implement some form of feedback mechanism so that the key is constantly changing. Stream ciphers come in several flavors but two are worth mentioning here (Figure 2). Self-synchronizing stream ciphers calculate each bit in the keystream as a function of the previous n bits in the keystream. It is termed "self-synchronizing" because the decryption process can stay synchronized with the encryption process merely by knowing how far into VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen n-bit keystream it is. One problem is error propagation; a garbled bit in transmission will result in n garbled bits at the receiving side. Synchronous stream ciphers generate the keystream in a fashion independent of the message stream but by using the same keystream generation function at sender and receiver. While stream ciphers do not propagate transmission errors, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, they are, by their nature, periodic so that the keystream will eventually repeat.

FIGURE 3: Feistel cipher. (Source: Wikimedia Commons)

A block cipher is so-called because the scheme encrypts one fixed-size block of data at a time. In a block cipher, a given plaintext block will always encrypt to the same ciphertext when using the same key (i.e., it is deterministic) whereas the same plaintext will encrypt to different ciphertext in a stream cipher. The most common construct for block encryption algorithms is the Feistel cipher, named for cryptographer Horst Feistel (IBM). As shown in Figure 3, a Feistel cipher combines elements of substitution, permutation (transposition), and key expansion; VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen features create a large amount of "confusion and diffusion" (per Claude Shannon) in the cipher. One advantage of the Feistel design is that the encryption and decryption stages are similar, sometimes identical, requiring only a reversal of the key operation, thus dramatically reducing the size of the code or circuitry necessary to implement the cipher in software or hardware, respectively. One of Feistel's early papers describing this operation is "Cryptography and Computer Privacy" (Scientific American, May 1973, 228(5), 15-23).

Block ciphers can operate in one of several modes; the following are the most important:

  • Electronic Codebook (ECB) mode is the simplest, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, most obvious application: the secret key is used to encrypt the plaintext block to form a ciphertext block. Two identical plaintext blocks, then, will always generate the same ciphertext block. ECB is susceptible to a variety of brute-force attacks (because of the fact that the same plaintext block will always encrypt to the same ciphertext), as well as deletion and insertion attacks. In addition, a single bit error in the transmission of the ciphertext results in an error in the entire block of decrypted plaintext.
  • Cipher Block Chaining (CBC) mode adds a feedback mechanism to the encryption scheme; the plaintext is exclusively-ORed (XORed) with the previous ciphertext block prior to encryption so that two identical plaintext blocks will encrypt differently. While CBC protects against many brute-force, deletion, and insertion attacks, a single bit error in the ciphertext yields an entire block error in the decrypted plaintext block and a bit error in the next decrypted plaintext block.
  • Cipher Feedback (CFB) mode is a block cipher implementation as a self-synchronizing stream cipher. CFB mode allows data to be encrypted in units smaller than the block size, which might be useful in some applications such as encrypting interactive terminal input. If we were using one-byte CFB mode, for example, each incoming VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen is placed into a shift register the same size as the block, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, encrypted, and the block transmitted. At the receiving side, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, the ciphertext is decrypted and the extra bits in the block (i.e., everything above and beyond the one byte) are discarded. CFB mode generates a keystream based upon the previous ciphertext (the initial key comes from an Initialization Vector [IV]). In this mode, a single bit error in the ciphertext affects both this block and the following one.
  • Output Feedback (OFB) mode is a block cipher implementation conceptually similar to a synchronous stream cipher. OFB prevents the same plaintext block from generating the same ciphertext block by using an internal feedback mechanism that generates the keystream independently of both the plaintext and ciphertext bitstreams. In OFB, a single bit error in ciphertext yields a single bit error in the decrypted plaintext.
  • Counter VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen mode is a relatively modern addition to block ciphers. Like CFB and OFB, CTR mode operates on the blocks as in a stream cipher; like ECB, CTR mode operates on the blocks independently. Unlike ECB, however, CTR uses different key inputs to different blocks so that two identical blocks of plaintext will not result in the same ciphertext, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. Finally, each block of ciphertext has specific location within the encrypted message. CTR mode, then, allows blocks to be processed in parallel — thus offering performance advantages when parallel processing and multiple processors are available — but is not susceptible to ECB's brute-force, deletion, and insertion attacks.

A good overview of these different modes can be found at CRYPTO-IT.

Secret key cryptography algorithms in use today — or, at least, important today even if not in use — include:

  • Data Encryption Standard (DES): One of the most well-known and well-studied SKC schemes, DES was designed by IBM in the 1970s and adopted by the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) [now the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)] in 1977 for commercial and unclassified government applications. DES is a Feistel block-cipher employing a 56-bit key that operates on 64-bit blocks. DES has a complex set of rules and transformations that were designed specifically to yield fast hardware implementations and slow software implementations, although this latter point is not significant today since the speed of computer processors is several orders of magnitude faster today than even twenty years ago. DES was based somewhat on an earlier cipher from Feistel called Lucifer which, some sources report, had a 112-bit key. This was rejected, partially in order to fit the algorithm onto a single chip and partially because of the National Security Agency (NSA). The NSA also proposed a number of tweaks to DES that many thought were introduced in order to weaken the cipher; analysis in the 1990s, however, showed that the NSA suggestions actually strengthened DES, including the removal of a mathematical back door by a change to the design of the S-box (see VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen Legacy of DES" by Bruce Schneier [2004]). In April 2021, the NSA declassified a fascinating historical paper titled "NSA Comes Out of the Closet: The Debate over Public Cryptography in the Inman Era" that appeared in Cryptologic Quarterly, Spring 1996.

    DES was defined in American National Standard X3.92 and three Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS), all withdrawn in 2005:

    • FIPS PUB 46-3: DES (Archived file)
    • FIPS PUB 74: Guidelines for Implementing and Using the NBS Data Encryption Standard
    • FIPS PUB 81: DES Modes of Operation

    Information about vulnerabilities of DES can be obtained from the Electronic Frontier Foundation.

    Two important variants that strengthen DES are:

    • Triple-DES (3DES): A variant of DES that employs up to three 56-bit keys and makes three encryption/decryption passes over the block; 3DES is also described in FIPS PUB 46-3 and was an interim replacement to DES in the late-1990s and early-2000s.

    • DESX: A variant devised by Ron Rivest. By combining 64 additional key bits to the plaintext prior to encryption, effectively increases the keylength to 120 bits.

    More detail about DES, 3DES, and DESX can be found below in Section 5.4.

  • Advanced Encryption Standard (AES): In 1997, NIST initiated a very public, 4-1/2 year process to develop a new secure cryptosystem for U.S. government applications (as opposed to the very closed process in the adoption of DES 25 years earlier). The result, the Advanced Encryption Standard, became the official successor to DES in December 2001. AES uses an SKC scheme called Rijndael, a VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen cipher designed by Belgian cryptographers Joan Daemen and Vincent Rijmen. The algorithm can use a variable block length and key length; the latest specification allowed any combination of keys lengths of 128, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, 192, or 256 bits and blocks of length 128, 192, or 256 bits. NIST initially selected Rijndael in October 2000 and formal adoption as the AES standard came in December 2001. FIPS PUB 197 describes a 128-bit block cipher employing a 128- 192- or 256-bit key. AES is also part of the NESSIE approved suite of protocols. (See also the entries for CRYPTEC and NESSIE Projects in Table 3.)

    The AES process and Rijndael algorithm are described in more detail below in Section 5.9.

  • CAST-128/256: CAST-128 (aka CAST5), described in Request for Comments (RFC) 2144, is a DES-like substitution-permutation crypto algorithm, employing a 128-bit key operating on a 64-bit block. CAST-256 (aka CAST6), described in RFC 2612, is an extension of CAST-128, using a 128-bit block size and a variable length (128, 160, 192, 224, or 256 bit) key. CAST is named for its developers, Carlisle Adams and Stafford Tavares, and Avast Professional Edition 4.6.652 crack serial keygen available internationally. CAST-256 was one of the Round 1 algorithms in the AES process.

  • International Data Encryption Algorithm (IDEA): Secret-key cryptosystem written by Xuejia Lai and James Massey, in 1992 Ardamax Keylogger Pro Crack [v5.2] With Torrent Version Free Download patented by Ascom; a 64-bit SKC block cipher using a 128-bit key.

  • Rivest Ciphers (aka Ron's Code): Named for Ron Rivest, a series of SKC algorithms.

    • RC1: Designed on paper but never implemented.

    • RC2: A 64-bit block cipher using variable-sized keys designed to replace DES. It's code has not been made public although many companies have licensed RC2 for use in their products. Described in RFC 2268.

    • RC3: Found to be breakable during development.

    • RC4: A stream cipher using variable-sized keys; it is widely used in commercial cryptography products. An update to RC4, called Spritz (see also this article), was designed by Rivest and Jacob Schuldt. More detail about RC4 (and a little about Spritz) can be found below in Section 5.13.

    • RC5: VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen block-cipher supporting a variety of block sizes (32, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, 64, or 128 bits), VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, key sizes, and number of encryption passes over the data. Described in RFC 2040.

    • RC6: A 128-bit block cipher based upon, and an improvement over, RC5; RC6 was one of the AES Round 2 algorithms.

  • Blowfish: A symmetric 64-bit block cipher invented by Bruce Schneier; optimized for 32-bit processors with large data caches, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, it is significantly faster than DES on a Pentium/PowerPC-class machine, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. Key lengths can vary from 32 to 448 bits in length. Blowfish, available freely and intended as a substitute for DES or IDEA, is in use in a large number of products.

  • Twofish: A 128-bit block cipher using 128- 192- or 256-bit keys. Designed to be highly secure and highly flexible, well-suited for large microprocessors, 8-bit smart card microprocessors, and dedicated hardware. Designed by a team led by Bruce Schneier and was one of the Round 2 algorithms in the AES process.

  • Threefish: A large block cipher, supporting 256- 512- and 1024-bit blocks and a key size that matches the block size; by design, the block/key size can grow in increments of 128 bits. Threefish only uses XOR operations, addition, and rotations of 64-bit words; the design philosophy is that an algorithm employing many computationally simple rounds is more secure than one employing highly complex — albeit fewer — rounds. The specification for Threefish is part of the Skein Hash Function Family documentation.

  • Anubis: Anubis is a block cipher, co-designed by Vincent Rijmen who was one of the designers of Rijndael. Anubis is a block cipher, performing substitution-permutation operations on 128-bit blocks and employing keys of length 128 to 3200 bits (in 32-bit increments). Anubis works very much like Rijndael. Although submitted to the NESSIE project, it did not make the final cut for inclusion.

  • ARIA: A 128-bit block cipher employing 128- 192- and 256-bit keys to encrypt 128-bit blocks in 12, 14, and 16 rounds, depending on the key size. Developed by large group of researchers from academic institutions, research institutes, and federal agencies in South Korea in 2003, and subsequently named a national standard. Described VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen RFC 5794.

  • Camellia: A secret-key, block-cipher crypto algorithm developed jointly by Nippon Telegraph and Telephone (NTT) Corp. and Mitsubishi Electric Corporation (MEC) in 2000. Camellia has some characteristics in common with AES: a 128-bit block size, support for 128- 192- and 256-bit key lengths, and suitability for both software and hardware implementations on common 32-bit processors as well as 8-bit processors (e.g., smart cards, cryptographic hardware, and embedded systems). Also described in RFC 3713. Camellia's application in IPsec is described in RFC 4312 and application in OpenPGP in RFC 5581. Camellia is part of the NESSIE suite of protocols.

  • CLEFIA: Described in RFC 6114, CLEFIA is a 128-bit block cipher employing key lengths of 128, 192, and 256 bits (which is compatible with AES). The CLEFIA algorithm was first published in 2007 by Sony Corporation. CLEFIA is one of the new-generation lightweight blockcipher algorithms designed after AES, offering high performance in software and hardware as well as a lightweight implementation in hardware.

  • FFX-A2 and FFX-A10: FFX (Format-preserving, Feistel-based encryption) is a type of Format Preserving Encryption (FPE) scheme that is designed so that the ciphertext has the same format as the plaintext. FPE schemes are used for such purposes as encrypting social security numbers, credit card numbers, limited size protocol traffic, etc.; this means that an encrypted social security number, for example, would still be a nine-digit string. FFX can theoretically encrypt strings of arbitrary length, although it is intended for message sizes smaller than that of AES-128 (2128 VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. The FFX version 1.1 specification describes FFX-A2 and FFX-A10, which are intended for 8-128 bit binary strings or 4-36 digit decimal strings.

  • GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications, originally Groupe Spécial Mobile) encryption: GSM mobile phone systems use several stream ciphers for over-the-air communication privacy. A5/1 was developed in 1987 for use in Europe and the U.S. A5/2, developed in 1989, is a weaker algorithm and intended for use outside of Europe and the U.S. Significant flaws were found in both ciphers after the "secret" specifications were leaked in 1994, however, and A5/2 has been withdrawn from use. The newest version, A5/3, employs the KASUMI block cipher. NOTE: Unfortunately, although A5/1 has been repeatedly "broken" (e.g., see "Secret code protecting cellphone calls set loose" [2009] and "Cellphone snooping now easier and cheaper than ever" [2011]), this encryption scheme remains in widespread use, even in 3G and 4G mobile phone networks. Use of this scheme is reportedly one of the reasons that the National Security Agency (NSA) can easily decode voice and data calls over mobile phone networks.

  • GPRS (General Packet Radio Service) encryption: GSM mobile phone systems use GPRS for data applications, and GPRS VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen a number of encryption methods, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, offering different levels of data protection. GEA/0 offers no encryption at all. GEA/1 and GEA/2 are proprietary stream ciphers, employing a 64-bit key and a 96-bit or 128-bit state, respectively. GEA/1 and GEA/2 are most widely used by network service providers today although both have been reportedly broken. GEA/3 is a 128-bit block cipher employing a 64-bit key that is used by some carriers; GEA/4 is a 128-bit clock cipher with a 128-bit key, but is not yet deployed.

  • KASUMI: A block cipher using a 128-bit key that is part of the Third-Generation Partnership Project (3gpp), formerly known as the Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS). KASUMI is the intended confidentiality and integrity algorithm for both message content and signaling data for emerging mobile communications systems.

  • KCipher-2: Described in RFC 7008, KCipher-2 is a stream cipher with a 128-bit key and a 128-bit initialization vector. Using simple arithmetic operations, the algorithms offers fast encryption and decryption by use of efficient implementations. KCipher-2 has been used for industrial applications, especially for mobile health monitoring and diagnostic services in Japan.

  • KHAZAD:KHAZAD is a so-called legacy block cipher, operating on 64-bit blocks à la older block ciphers such as DES and IDEA. KHAZAD uses eight rounds of substitution and permutation, with a 128-bit key.

  • KLEIN: Designed in 2011, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, KLEIN is a lightweight, 64-bit block cipher supporting 64- 80- and 96-bit keys. KLEIN is designed for highly resource constrained devices such as wireless sensors and RFID tags.

  • Light Encryption Device (LED): Designed in 2011, LED is a lightweight, 64-bit block cipher supporting 64- and 128-bit keys. LED is designed for RFID tags, sensor networks, and other applications with devices constrained by memory or compute power.

  • MARS:MARS is a block cipher developed by IBM and was one of the five finalists in the AES development process. MARS employs 128-bit blocks and a variable key length from 128 to 448 bits. The MARS document stresses the ability of the algorithm's design for high speed, high security, and the ability to efficiently and effectively implement the scheme on a VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen range of computing devices.

  • MISTY1: Developed at Mitsubishi Electric Corp., a block cipher using a 128-bit key and 64-bit blocks, and a variable number of rounds. Designed for hardware and software implementations, and is resistant to differential and linear cryptanalysis. Described in RFC 2994, MISTY1 is part of the NESSIE suite.

  • Salsa and ChaCha: Salsa20 is a VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen cipher proposed for the eSTREAM project by Daniel Bernstein. Salsa20 uses a pseudorandom function based on 32-bit (whole word) addition, bitwise addition (XOR), and rotation operations, aka add-rotate-xor (ARX) operations. Salsa20 uses a 256-bit key although a 128-bit key variant also exists. In 2008, Bernstein published ChaCha, a new family of ciphers related to Salsa20. ChaCha20, originally defined in RFC 7539 (now obsoleted), is employed (with the Poly1305 authenticator) in Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) protocols, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, most notably for IPsec and Internet Key Exchange (IKE), per RFC 7634, and Transaction Layer Security (TLS), per RFC 7905. In 2014, Google adopted ChaCha20/Poly1305 for use in OpenSSL, and they are also a part of OpenSSH. RFC 8439 replaces RFC 7539, and provides an implementation guide for both the ChaCha20 cipher and Poly1305 message authentication code, as well as the combined CHACHA20-POLY1305 Authenticated-Encryption with Associated-Data (AEAD) algorithm.

  • Secure and Fast Encryption Routine (SAFER): A series of block ciphers designed by James Massey for implementation in software and employing a 64-bit block. SAFER K-64, published in 1993, used a 64-bit key and SAFER K-128, published in 1994, employed a 128-bit key. After weaknesses were found, new versions were released called SAFER SK-40, SK-64, and SK-128, using 40- 64- VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, and 128-bit keys, respectively, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. SAFER+ (1998) used a 128-bit block and was an unsuccessful candidate for the AES project; SAFER++ (2000) was submitted to the NESSIE project.

  • SEED: A block cipher using 128-bit blocks and 128-bit keys. Developed by the Korea Information Security Agency (KISA) and adopted as a national standard encryption algorithm in South Korea, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. Also described in RFC 4269.

  • Serpent:Serpent is another of the AES finalist algorithms. Serpent supports 128- 192- or 256-bit keys and a block size of 128 bits, and is a 32-round substitution–permutation network operating on a block of four 32-bit words. The Serpent developers opted for a high security margin in the design of the algorithm; they determined that 16 rounds would be sufficient against known attacks but require 32 rounds in an attempt to future-proof the algorithm.

  • SHACAL: SHACAL is a pair of block ciphers based upon the Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA) and the fact that SHA is, at heart, a compression algorithm. As a hash function, SHA VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen calls on a compression scheme to alter the state of the data blocks. While SHA (like other hash functions) is irreversible, the compression function can be used for encryption by maintaining appropriate state information. SHACAL-1 is based upon SHA-1 and uses a 160-bit block size while SHACAL-2 is based upon SHA-256 and employs a 256-bit block size; both support key sizes from 128 to 512 bits. SHACAL-2 is one of the NESSIE block ciphers.

  • Simon and Speck: Simon and Speck are a pair of lightweight block ciphers proposed by the NSA in 2013, designed for highly constrained software or hardware environments. (E.g., per the specification, AES requires 2400 gate equivalents and these ciphers require less than 2000.) While both cipher families perform well in both hardware and software, Simon has been optimized for high performance on hardware devices and Speck for performance in software. Both are Feistel ciphers and support ten combinations of block and key size:

  • Skipjack: SKC scheme proposed, along with the Clipper chip, as part of the never-implemented Capstone project. Although the details of the algorithm were never made public, Skipjack was a block cipher using an 80-bit key and 32 iteration cycles per 64-bit block. Capstone, proposed by NIST and the NSA as a standard for public and government use, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen with great resistance by the crypto community largely because the design of Arquivos Nintendo Switch was classified (coupled with the key escrow requirement of the Clipper chip).

  • SM4: Formerly called SMS4, SM4 is a 128-bit block cipher using 128-bit keys and 32 rounds to process a block. Declassified in 2006, SM4 is used in the Chinese National Standard for Wireless Local Area Network (LAN) Authentication and Privacy Infrastructure (WAPI). SM4 had been a proposed cipher for the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 802.11i standard on security mechanisms for wireless LANs, but has yet to be accepted by the IEEE or International Organization for Standardization (ISO). SM4 is described in SMS4 Encryption Algorithm for Wireless Networks (translated by Whitfield Diffie and George Ledin, 2008) and at the SM4 (cipher) page. SM4 is issued by the Chinese State Cryptographic Authority VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen GM/T 0002-2012: SM4 (2012).

  • Tiny Encryption Algorithm (TEA): A family of block ciphers developed by Roger Needham and David Wheeler. TEA VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen originally developed in 1994, and employed a 128-bit key, 64-bit block, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, and 64 rounds of operation. To correct certain weaknesses in TEA, eXtended TEA (XTEA), aka Block TEA, was released in 1997. To correct VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen in XTEA and add versatility, Corrected Block TEA (XXTEA) was published in 1998. XXTEA also uses a 128-bit key, but block size can be any multiple of 32-bit words (with a minimum block size of 64 waves mac crack Archives, or two words) and the number of rounds is a function of the block size (~52+6*words), VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen shown in Table 1.

  • Block Size
    2n
    Key Size
    mn
    Word Size
    n
    Key Words
    m
    Rounds
    T
    326416432
    4872
    96
    243
    4
    36
    36
    6496
    128
    323
    4
    42
    44
    9696
    144
    482
    3
    52
    54
    128128
    192
    256
    642
    3
    4
    68
    69
    72
  • TWINE: Designed by engineers at NEC in 2011, TWINE is a lightweight, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, 64-bit block cipher supporting 80- and 128-bit keys, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. TWINE's design goals included maintaining a small footprint in a hardware implementation (i.e., fewer than 2,000 gate equivalents) and small memory VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen in a software implementation.

Although not an SKC scheme, check out Section 5.17 about Shamir's Secret Sharing (SSS).

There are several other references that describe interesting algorithms and even SKC codes dating back decades. Two that leap to mind are the Crypto Museum's Crypto List and John J.G. Savard's (albeit old) A Cryptographic Compendium page.

3.2. Public Key Cryptography

Public key cryptography has been said to be the most significant new development in cryptography in the last 300-400 years. Modern PKC was first described publicly by Stanford University professor Martin Hellman and graduate student Whitfield Diffie in 1976. Their paper described a two-key crypto system in which two parties could engage in a secure communication over a non-secure communications channel without having to share a secret key.

PKC depends upon the existence of so-called one-way functions, or mathematical functions that are easy to compute whereas their inverse function is relatively difficult to compute. Let me give you two simple examples:

  1. Multiplication vs. factorization: Suppose you have two prime numbers, 3 and 7, and you need to calculate the product; it should take almost no time to calculate that value, which is 21. Now suppose, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, instead, that you have a number that is a product of two primes, 21, and you need to determine those prime factors. You will eventually come up with the solution but whereas calculating the product took milliseconds, factoring will take longer. The problem becomes much harder if we start with primes that have, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, say, 400 digits or so, because the product will have ~800 digits.
  2. Exponentiation vs. logarithms: Suppose you take the number 3 to the 6th power; again, it is relatively easy to calculate 36 = 729. But if you start with the number 729 and need to determine the two integers, x and y so that logx 729 = y, it will take longer to find the two values.

While the examples above are trivial, they do represent two of the functional pairs that are used with PKC; namely, the ease of multiplication and exponentiation versus the relative difficulty of factoring and calculating logarithms, respectively. The mathematical "trick" in PKC is to find a trap door in the one-way function so that the inverse calculation becomes easy given knowledge of some item of information.

Generic PKC employs two keys that are mathematically related although knowledge of one key does not allow someone to easily determine the other key. One key is used to encrypt the plaintext and the other key is used to decrypt the ciphertext. The important point here is that it does not matter which key is applied first, but that both keys are required for the process to work (Figure 1B). Because a pair of keys are required, this approach is also called asymmetric cryptography.

In PKC, one of the keys is designated the public key and may be advertised as widely as the owner wants. The other key is designated the private key and is never revealed to another party. It is straight-forward to send messages under this scheme. Suppose Alice wants to send Bob a message. Alice encrypts some information using Bob's public key; Bob decrypts the ciphertext using his private key. This method could be also used to prove who sent a message; Alice, for example, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, could encrypt some plaintext with her private key; when Bob decrypts using Alice's public key, he knows that Alice sent the message (authentication) and Alice cannot deny having sent the message (non-repudiation).

Public key cryptography algorithms that are in use today for key exchange or digital signatures include:

  • RSA: The first, and still most common, PKC implementation, named for the three MIT mathematicians who developed it — Ronald Rivest, Adi Shamir, and Leonard Adleman. RSA today is used in hundreds of software products and can be used for key exchange, digital signatures, or encryption of small blocks of data. RSA uses a variable size encryption block and a variable size key. The key-pair is derived from a very large number, n, that is the product of two prime numbers chosen according to special rules; these primes may be 100 or more digits in length each, yielding an n with roughly twice as many digits as the prime factors, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. The public key information includes n and a derivative of one of the factors of n; an attacker cannot determine the prime factors of n (and, therefore, the private key) from this information alone and that is what makes the RSA algorithm so secure, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. (Some descriptions of PKC erroneously state that RSA's safety is due to the difficulty in factoring large prime numbers. In fact, large prime numbers, like small prime numbers, only have two factors!) The ability for computers to factor large numbers, and therefore attack schemes such as RSA, is rapidly improving and systems today can find the prime factors of numbers with more than 200 digits. Nevertheless, if a large number is created from two prime factors that are roughly the same size, there is no known factorization algorithm that will solve the problem in a reasonable amount of time; a 2005 test to factor a 200-digit number took 1.5 years and over 50 years of compute time. In 2009, Kleinjung et al. reported that factoring a 768-bit (232-digit) RSA-768 modulus utilizing hundreds of systems took two years and they estimated that a 1024-bit RSA modulus would take about a thousand times as long. Even so, they suggested that 1024-bit RSA be phased out by 2013. (See the Wikipedia article on integer factorization.) Regardless, one presumed protection of RSA is that users can easily increase the key size to always stay ahead of the computer processing curve. As an aside, the patent for RSA expired in September 2000 which does not appear to have affected RSA's popularity one way or the other. A detailed example of RSA is presented below in Section 5.3.

  • Diffie-Hellman: After the RSA algorithm was published, Diffie and Hellman came up with their own algorithm. Diffie-Hellman is used for secret-key key exchange only, and not for authentication or digital signatures, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. More detail about Diffie-Hellman can be found below in Section 5.2.

  • Digital Signature Algorithm (DSA): The algorithm specified in NIST's Digital Signature Standard (DSS), provides digital signature capability for the authentication of messages. Described in FIPS PUB 186-4.

  • ElGamal: Designed by Taher Elgamal, ElGamal is a PKC system similar to Diffie-Hellman and used for key exchange. ElGamal is used in some later version of Pretty Good Privacy (PGP) as well as GNU Privacy Guard (GPG) and other cryptosystems.

  • Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC): A PKC algorithm based upon elliptic curves. ECC can offer levels of security with small keys comparable to RSA and other PKC methods. It was designed for devices with limited compute power and/or memory, such as smartcards and PDAs. More detail about ECC can be found below in Section 5.8. Other references include the Elliptic Curve Cryptography page and the Online ECC Tutorial page, both from Certicom, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. See also RFC 6090 for a review of fundamental ECC algorithms and The Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm (ECDSA) for details about the use of ECC for digital signatures.

  • Identity-Based Encryption (IBE): IBE is a novel scheme first proposed by Adi Shamir in 1984. It is a PKC-based key authentication system where the public key can be derived from some unique information based upon the user's identity, allowing two users to exchange encrypted messages without having an a priori relationship. In 2001, Dan Boneh (Stanford) and Matt Franklin (U.C., Davis) developed a practical implementation of IBE based on elliptic curves and a mathematical construct called the Weil Pairing. In that year, Clifford Cocks (GCHQ) also described another IBE solution based on quadratic residues in composite groups. RFC 5091: Identity-Based Cryptography Standard (IBCS) #1 describes an implementation of IBE using Boneh-Franklin (BF) and Boneh-Boyen (BB1) Identity-based Encryption. More detail about Identity-Based Encryption can be found below in Section 5.16.

  • Public Key Cryptography Standards (PKCS): A set of interoperable standards and guidelines for public key cryptography, designed by RSA Data Security Inc. (These documents are no longer easily available; all links in this section are from archive.org.)

  • Cramer-Shoup: A public key cryptosystem proposed by R. Cramer and V. Shoup of IBM in 1998.

  • Key Exchange Algorithm (KEA): A variation on Diffie-Hellman; proposed as the key exchange method for the NIST/NSA Capstone project.

  • LUC: A public key cryptosystem designed by P.J. Smith and based on Lucas sequences. Can be used for encryption and signatures, using integer factoring.

  • McEliece: A public key cryptosystem based on algebraic coding theory.

For additional information on PKC algorithms, see "Public Key Encryption" (Chapter 8) in Handbook of Applied Cryptography, by A. Menezes, P. van Oorschot, and S. Vanstone (CRC Press, 1996).


A digression: Who invented PKC? VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen tried to be careful in the first paragraph of this section to state that Diffie and Hellman "first described publicly" a PKC scheme. Although I have categorized PKC as a two-key system, that has been merely for convenience; the real criteria for a PKC scheme is that it allows two parties to exchange a secret even though the communication with the shared secret might be overheard. There seems to be no question that Diffie and Hellman were first to publish; their method is described in the classic paper, "New Directions in Cryptography," published in the November 1976 issue of IEEE Transactions on Information Theory (IT-22(6), 644-654). As shown in Section 5.2, Diffie-Hellman uses the idea that finding logarithms is relatively harder than performing exponentiation. And, indeed, it is the precursor to modern PKC which does employ two keys. Rivest, Shamir, and Adleman described an implementation that extended this idea in their paper, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, "A Method for Obtaining Digital Signatures and Public Key Cryptosystems," published in the February 1978 issue of the Communications of the ACM (CACM), (21(2), 120-126). Their method, of course, is based upon the relative ease of finding the product of two large prime numbers compared to finding the prime factors of a large number.

Diffie and Hellman (and other sources) credit Ralph Merkle with first describing a public key distribution system that allows two parties to share a secret, although it was not a two-key system, per se. A Merkle Puzzle works where Alice creates a large number of encrypted keys, sends them all to Bob so that Bob chooses one at random and then lets Alice know which he has selected. An eavesdropper (Eve) will see all of the keys but can't learn which key Bob has selected (because he has encrypted the response with the chosen key). In this case, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, Eve's effort to break in is the square of the effort of Bob to choose a key. While this difference may be small it is often sufficient. Merkle apparently took a computer science course at UC Berkeley in 1974 and described his method, but had difficulty making people understand it; frustrated, he dropped the course. Meanwhile, he submitted the paper "Secure Communication Over Insecure Channels," which was published in the CACM in April 1978; Rivest et al.'s paper even makes reference to it. Merkle's method certainly wasn't published first, but he is often credited to have had the idea first.

An interesting question, maybe, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, but who really knows? For some time, it was a quiet secret that a team at the UK's Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) had first developed PKC in the early 1970s. Because of the nature of the work, GCHQ kept the original memos classified. In 1997, however, the GCHQ changed their posture when they realized that there was nothing to gain by continued silence. Documents show that a GCHQ mathematician named James Ellis started research into the key distribution problem in 1969 and that by 1975, James Ellis, Clifford Cocks, and Malcolm Williamson had worked out all of the fundamental details of PKC, yet couldn't talk about their work. (They were, of course, barred from challenging the RSA patent!) By 1999, Ellis, Cocks, and Williamson began to get their due credit in a break-through article in WIRED Magazine. And the National Security Agency (NSA) claims to have knowledge of this type of algorithm as early as 1966. For some additional insight on who knew what when, see Steve Bellovin's "The Prehistory of Public Key Cryptography."


3.3. Hash Functions

Hash functions, also called message digests and one-way encryption, are algorithms that, in essence, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen no key (Figure 1C). Instead, a fixed-length hash value is computed based upon the plaintext that makes it impossible for either the contents or length of the plaintext to be recovered. Hash algorithms are typically used to provide a digital fingerprint of a file's contents, often used to ensure that the file has VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen been altered by an intruder or virus. Hash functions are also commonly employed by many operating systems to encrypt passwords. Hash functions, then, provide a mechanism to ensure the integrity of a file.

Hash functions are also designed so that small changes in the input produce significant differences in the hash value, for example:

Hash string 1: The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog
Hash string VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.

MD5 [hash string 1] = 37c4b87edffc5d198ff5a185cee7ee09
MD5 [hash string 2] = 0d7006cd055e94cf614587e1d2ae0c8e

SHA1 [hash string 1] = be417768b5c3c5c1d9bcb2e7c119196dd76b5570
SHA1 [hash string 2] = 9c04cd6372077e9b11f70ca111c9807dc7137e4b

RIPEMD160 [hash string 1] = ee061f0400729d0095695da9e2c95168326610ff
VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen [hash string 2] = 99b90925a0116c302984211dbe25b5343be9059e


Let me reiterate that hashes are one-way encryption. You cannot take a hash and "decrypt" it to find the original string that created it, despite the many web sites that claim or suggest otherwise, such as CrackStation, Hashes.com, MD5 Online, md5thiscracker, OnlineHashCrack, and RainbowCrack.

Note that these sites search databases and/or use rainbow tables to find a suitable string that produces the hash in question but one can't definitively guarantee what string originally produced the hash. This is an important distinction. Suppose that you want to crack someone's password, where the hash of the password is stored on the server, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. Indeed, all you then need is a string that produces the correct hash and you're in! However, you cannot prove that you have discovered the user's password, only a "duplicate key."


Hash algorithms in common use today include:

  • Message Digest (MD) algorithms: A series of byte-oriented algorithms that produce a 128-bit hash value from an arbitrary-length message.

    • MD2 (RFC 1319): Designed for systems with limited memory, such as smart cards. (MD2 has been relegated to historical status, per RFC 6149.)

    • MD4 (RFC 1320): Developed by Rivest, Leawo Prof. DRM Music Converter WIN - Oct 2020 crack serial keygen to MD2 but designed specifically for fast processing in software. (MD4 has been relegated to historical status, per RFC 6150.)

    • MD5 (RFC 1321): Also developed by Rivest after potential weaknesses were reported in MD4; this scheme is similar to MD4 but is slower because more manipulation is made to the original data. MD5 has been implemented in a large number of products although several weaknesses in the algorithm were demonstrated by German cryptographer Hans Dobbertin in 1996 ("Cryptanalysis of MD5 Compress"). (Updated security considerations for MD5 can be found in RFC 6151.)

  • Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA): Algorithm for NIST's Secure Hash Standard (SHS), described in FIPS PUB 180-4 The status of NIST hash algorithms can be found on their "Policy on Hash Functions" page.

    • SHA-1 produces a 160-bit hash value and was originally published as FIPS PUB 180-1 and RFC 3174. SHA-1 was deprecated by NIST as of the end of 2013 although it is still widely used.

    • SHA-2, originally described in FIPS PUB 180-2 and eventually replaced by FIPS PUB 180-3 (and FIPS PUB 180-4), comprises five algorithms in the SHS: SHA-1 plus SHA-224, SHA-256, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, SHA-384, and SHA-512 which can produce hash values that are 224, 256, 384, or 512 bits in length, respectively. SHA-2 recommends use of SHA-1, SHA-224, and SHA-256 for messages less than 264 bits in length, and employs a 512 bit block size; SHA-384 and SHA-512 are recommended for messages less than 2128 bits in length, and employs a 1,024 bit block size. FIPS PUB 180-4 also introduces the concept of a truncated hash in SHA-512/t, a generic name referring to a hash value based upon the SHA-512 algorithm that has been truncated to t bits; SHA-512/224 and SHA-512/256 are specifically described. SHA-224, -256, -384, and -512 are also described in RFC 4634.

    • SHA-3 is the current SHS algorithm. Although there had not been any successful attacks on SHA-2, NIST decided that having an alternative to SHA-2 using a different algorithm would be prudent. In 2007, they launched a SHA-3 Competition to find that alternative; a list of submissions can be found at The SHA-3 Zoo. In 2012, NIST announced that after reviewing 64 submissions, the winner was Keccak (pronounced "catch-ack"), a VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen of hash algorithms based on sponge functions. The NIST version can support hash output sizes of 256 and 512 bits.

  • RIPEMD: A series of message digests that initially came from the RIPE (RACE Integrity Primitives Evaluation) project. RIPEMD-160 was designed by Hans Dobbertin, Antoon Bosselaers, and Bart Preneel, and optimized for 32-bit processors to replace the then-current 128-bit hash functions. Other versions include RIPEMD-256, RIPEMD-320, and RIPEMD-128.

  • eD2k: Named for the EDonkey2000 Network (eD2K), the eD2k hash is a root hash of an MD4 hash list of a given file. A root hash is used on peer-to-peer file transfer networks, where a file is broken into chunks; each chunk has its own MD4 hash associated with it and the server maintains a file that contains the hash list of all of the chunks. The root hash is the hash of the hash list file.

  • HAVAL (HAsh of VAriable Length): Designed by Y. Zheng, J. Pieprzyk and J. Seberry, a hash algorithm with many levels of security. HAVAL can create hash values that are 128, 160, 192, 224, or 256 bits in length. More details can be found in "HAVAL - A one-way hashing algorithm with variable length output" by Zheng, Pieprzyk, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, and Seberry (AUSCRYPT '92).

  • The Skein Hash Function Family: The Skein Hash Function Family was proposed to NIST in their 2010 hash function competition. Skein is fast due to using just a few simple computational primitives, secure, and very flexible — per the specification, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, it can be used as a straight-forward hash, MAC, HMAC, digital signature hash, key derivation mechanism, stream cipher, or pseuo-random number generator. Skein supports internal state sizes of 256, 512 and 1024 bits, and arbitrary output lengths.

  • SM3: SM3 is a 256-bit hash function operating on 512-bit input blocks. Part of a Chinese National Standard, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, SM3 is issued by the Chinese State Cryptographic Authority as GM/T 0004-2012: SM3 cryptographic hash algorithm (2012) and GB/T 32905-2016: Information security techniques—SM3 cryptographic hash algorithm (2016). More information can also be found at the SM3 (hash function) page.

  • Tiger: Designed by Ross Anderson and Eli Biham, Tiger is designed to be secure, run efficiently on 64-bit processors, and easily replace MD4, MD5, SHA and SHA-1 in other applications. Tiger/192 produces a 192-bit output and is compatible with 64-bit architectures; Tiger/128 and Tiger/160 produce a hash of length 128 and 160 bits, respectively, to provide compatibility with the other hash functions mentioned above.

  • Whirlpool: Designed by V. Rijmen (co-inventor of Rijndael) and P.S.L.M. Barreto, Whirlpool is one of two hash functions endorsed by the NESSIE competition (the other being SHA). Whirlpool operates on messages less than 2256 bits in length and produces a message digest of 512 bits. The design of this hash function is very different than that of MD5 and SHA-1, making it immune to the types of attacks that succeeded on those hashes.

Readers might be interested in HashCalc, a Windows-based program that calculates hash values using a dozen algorithms, including MD5, SHA-1 and several variants, RIPEMD-160, and Tiger. Command line utilities that calculate hash values include sha_verify by Dan Mares (Windows; supports MD5, SHA-1, SHA-2) and md5deep (cross-platform; supports MD5, SHA-1, SHA-256, Tiger, and Whirlpool).


A digression on hash collisions. Hash functions are sometimes misunderstood and some sources claim that no two files can have the same hash value. This is in theory, if not in fact, incorrect. Consider a hash function that provides a 128-bit hash value. There are, then, 2128 possible hash values. But there are an infinite number of possible files and ∞ >> 2128. Therefore, there have to be multiple files — in fact, there have to be an infinite number of files! — that have the same 128-bit hash value. (Now, while even this is theoretically correct, it is not true in practice because hash algorithms are designed to work with a limited message size, as mentioned above. For example, SHA-1, SHA-224, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, and SHA-256 produce hash values that are 160, 224, and 256 bits in length, respectively, and limit the message length to less than 264 bits; SHA-384 and all SHA-256 variants limit the message length to less than 2128 bits, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. Nevertheless, hopefully you get my point — and, alas, even if you don't, do know that there are multiple files that have the same MD5 or SHA-1 hash values.)

The difficulty is not necessarily in finding two files with the same hash, but in finding a second file that has the same hash value as a given first file. Consider this example. A human head VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, generally, no more than ~150,000 hairs. Since there are more than 7 billion people on earth, we know that there are a lot of people with the same number of hairs on their head. Finding two people with the same number of hairs, then, would be relatively simple. The harder problem is choosing one person (say, you, the reader) and then finding another person who has the same number of hairs on their head as you have on yours.

This is somewhat similar to the Birthday Problem. We know from probability that if you choose a random group VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen ~23 people, the probability is about 50% that two will share a birthday (the probability goes up to 99.9% with a group of 70 people). However, if you randomly select one person in a group of 23 and try to find a match to that person, the probability is only about 6% of finding a match; you'd need a group of 253 for a 50% probability of a shared birthday to one of the people chosen at random (and a group of more than 4,000 to obtain a 99.9% probability).

What is hard to do, then, is to try to create a file that matches a given hash value so as to force a hash value collision — which is the reason that hash functions are used extensively for information security and computer forensics applications. Alas, researchers as far back as 2004 found that practical collision attacks could be launched on MD5, SHA-1, and other hash algorithms and, today, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, it is generally recognized that MD5 and SHA-1 are pretty much broken. Readers interested in this problem should read the following:

  • AccessData. (2006, April). MD5 Collisions: The Effect on Computer Forensics. AccessData White Paper.
  • Burr, W. (2006, March/April). Cryptographic hash standards: Where do we go from here?IEEE Security & Privacy, 4(2), 88-91.
  • Dwyer, D. (2009, June 3). SHA-1 Collision Attacks Now 252. SecureWorks Research blog.
  • Gutman, P., Naccache, D., & Palmer, C.C. (2005, May/June). When hashes collide. IEEE Security & Privacy, 3(3), VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, 68-71.
  • Kessler, G.C, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. (2016). The Impact of MD5 File Hash Collisions on Digital Forensic Imaging. Journal of Digital Forensics, Security & Law, 11(4), 129-138.
  • Kessler, G.C. (2016). The Impact of SHA-1 File Hash Collisions on Digital Forensic Imaging: A Follow-Up Experiment. Journal of Digital Forensics, Security & Law, 11(4), 139-148.
  • Klima, V. (2005, March). Finding MD5 Collisions - a Toy For a Notebook.
  • Lee, R. (2009, January 7). Law Is Not A Science: Admissibility of Computer Evidence and MD5 Hashes. SANS Computer Forensics blog.
  • Leurent, G. & Peyrin, T. (2020, January). SHA-1 is a Shambles: First Chosen-Prefix Collision on SHA-1 and Application to the PGP Web of Trust. Real World Crypto 2020.
  • Leurent, G. & Peyrin, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, T. (2020, January). SHA-1 is a Shambles: First Chosen-Prefix Collision on SHA-1 and Application to the PGP Web of Trust.(paper)
  • Stevens, M., Bursztein, E., VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, Karpman, P., Albertini, A., & Markov, Y. (2017). The first collision for full SHA-1.
  • Stevens, M., Karpman, P., & Peyrin, T. (2015, October 8). Freestart collision on full SHA-1. Cryptology ePrint Archive, Report 2015/967.
  • Thompson, E. (2005, February). MD5 collisions and the impact on computer forensics. Digital Investigation, 2(1), 36-40.
  • Wang, X., Feng, D., Lai, X., & Yu, H. (2004, August). Collisions for Hash Functions MD4, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, MD5, HAVAL-128 and RIPEMD.
  • Wang, X., Yin, Y.L., & Yu, H. (2005, February 13). Collision Search Attacks on SHA1.

Readers are also referred to the Eindhoven University of Technology HashClash Project Web site. for For additional information on hash functions, see David Hopwood's MessageDigest Algorithms page and Peter Selinger's MD5 Collision Demo page. For historical purposes, take a look at the situation with hash collisions, circa 2005, in RFC 4270.

In October 2015, the SHA-1 Freestart Collision was announced; see a report by Bruce Schneier and the developers of the attack (as well as the paper above by Stevens et al. (2015)). In February 2017, the first SHA-1 collision was announced on the Google Security Blog and Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica's Shattered page. See also the paper by Stevens et al. (2017), listed above. If ths isn't enough, see the SHA-1 is a Shambles Web page and the Leurent & Peyrin paper, listed above.

For an interesting twist on this discussion, read about the Nostradamus attack reported at Predicting the winner of the 2008 US Presidential Elections using a Sony PlayStation 3 (by M. Stevens, A.K. Lenstra, and B, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. de Weger, November 2007).


Finally, note that certain extensions of hash functions are used for a variety of information security and digital forensics applications, such as:

  • Hash libraries, aka hashsets, are sets of hash values corresponding to known files. A hashset containing the hash values of all files known to be a part of a given operating system, for example, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, could form a set of known good files, and could be ignored in an investigation for malware or other suspicious file, whereas as hash library of known child pornographic images could form a VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen of known bad files and be the target of such an investigation.
  • Rolling hashes refer to a set of hash values that are computed based upon a fixed-length "sliding window" through the input. As an example, a hash value might be computed on bytes 1-10 of a file, then on bytes 2-11, 3-12, 4-13, etc.
  • Fuzzy hashes are an area of intense research and represent hash values that represent two inputs that are similar. Fuzzy hashes are used to detect documents, images, or other files that are close to each other with respect to content. See "Fuzzy Hashing" by Jesse Kornblum for a good treatment of this topic.

3.4. Why Three Encryption Techniques?

So, why are there so many different types of cryptographic schemes? Why can't we do everything we need with just one?

The answer is that each scheme is optimized for some specific cryptographic application(s). Hash functions, for example, are well-suited for ensuring data integrity because any change made to the contents of a message will result in the receiver calculating a different hash value than the one placed in the transmission by the sender. Since it is highly unlikely that two different messages will yield the same hash value, data integrity is Noiseware Professional 3.4.0.2.for crack serial keygen to a high degree of confidence.

Secret key cryptography, on the other hand, is ideally suited to encrypting messages, thus providing privacy and confidentiality. The sender can generate a session Arquivos Nintendo Switch on a per-message basis to encrypt the message; the receiver, of course, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, needs the same session key in order to decrypt the message.

Key exchange, of course, is a key application of public key cryptography (no pun intended). Asymmetric schemes can also be used for non-repudiation and user authentication; if the receiver can obtain the session key encrypted with the sender's private key, then only this sender could have sent the message. Public key cryptography could, theoretically, also be used to encrypt messages although this is rarely done because secret key cryptography values can generally be computed about 1000 times faster than public key cryptography values.

FIGURE 4: Use of the three cryptographic techniques for secure communication.


Figure 4 puts all of this together and shows how a hybrid cryptographic scheme combines all of these functions to form a secure transmission comprising a digital signature and digital envelope. In this example, the sender of the message is Alice and the receiver is Bob.

A digital envelope comprises an encrypted message and an encrypted session key. Alice uses secret key cryptography to encrypt her message using the session key, which she generates at random with each session. Alice then encrypts the session key using Bob's public key. The encrypted message and encrypted session key together form the digital envelope. Upon receipt, Bob recovers the session secret key using his private key and then decrypts the encrypted message.

The digital signature is formed in two steps. First, Alice computes the hash value of her message; next, she encrypts the hash value with her VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen key, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. Upon receipt of the digital signature, Bob recovers the hash value calculated by Alice by decrypting the digital signature with Alice's public key. Bob can then apply the hash function to Alice's original message, which he has already decrypted (see previous paragraph). If the resultant hash value is not the same as the value supplied by Alice, then Bob knows that the message has been altered; if the hash values are the same, Bob should believe that the message he received is identical to the one that Alice sent.

This scheme also provides nonrepudiation since it proves that Alice sent the message; if the hash value recovered by Bob using Alice's public key proves that the message has not been altered, then only Alice could have created the digital signature. Bob also has proof that he is the intended receiver; if he can correctly decrypt the message, then he must have correctly decrypted the session key meaning that his is the correct private key.

This diagram purposely suggests a cryptosystem where the session key is used for just a single session. Even if this session key is somehow broken, only this session will be compromised; the session key for the next session is not based upon the key for this session, just as this session's key was not dependent on the key from the previous session. This is known as Perfect Forward Secrecy; you might lose one session key due to a compromise but you won't lose all of them. (This was an issue in the 2014 OpenSSL vulnerability known as Heartbleed.)

3.5, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. The Significance of Key Length

In a 1998 article in the industry literature, a writer made the claim that 56-bit keys did not provide as adequate protection for DES at that time as they did in 1975 because computers were 1000 times faster in 1998 than in 1975. Therefore, the writer went on, we needed 56,000-bit keys in 1998 instead of 56-bit keys to provide adequate protection. The conclusion was then drawn that because 56,000-bit keys are infeasible (true), we should accept the fact that we have to live with weak cryptography (false!). The major error here is that the writer did not take into account that the number of possible key values double whenever a single bit is added to the key length; thus, a 57-bit key has twice as many values as a 56-bit key (because 257 is two times 256). In fact, a 66-bit key would have 1024 times more values than a 56-bit key.

But this does bring up the question — "What is the significance of key length as it affects the level of protection?"

In cryptography, size does matter. The larger the key, the harder it is to crack a block of encrypted data. The reason that large keys offer more protection is almost obvious; computers have made it easier to attack ciphertext by using brute force methods rather than by attacking the mathematics (which are generally well-known anyway). With a brute force attack, the attacker merely generates every possible key and applies it to the ciphertext. Any resulting plaintext that makes sense offers a candidate for a legitimate key. This was the basis, of course, of the EFF's attack on DES.

Until the mid-1990s or so, brute force attacks were beyond the capabilities of computers that were within the budget of the attacker community. By that time, however, significant compute power was typically available and accessible. General-purpose computers such as PCs were already being used for brute force attacks. For serious attackers with money to spend, such as some large companies or governments, Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) or Application-Specific Integrated Circuits (ASIC) technology offered the ability to build specialized chips that could provide even faster and cheaper solutions than a PC. As an example, the AT&T Optimized Reconfigurable Cell Array (ORCA) FPGA chip cost about $200 and could test 30 million DES keys per second, while a $10 ASIC chip could test 200 million DES keys per second; compare that to a PC which might be able to test 40,000 keys per second. Distributed attacks, harnessing the power of up to tens of thousands of powerful CPUs, are now commonly employed to try to brute-force crypto keys.

Type of AttackerBudgetToolTime and Cost
Per Key Recovered
Key Length Needed
For Protection
In Late-1995
40 bits56 bits
Pedestrian HackerTinyScavenged
computer
time
1 weekInfeasible45
$400FPGA5 hours
($0.08)
38 years
($5,000)
50
Small Business$10,000FPGA12 minutes
($0.08)
18 months
($5,000)
55
Corporate Department$300KFPGA24 seconds
($0.08)
19 days
($5,000)
60
ASIC0.18 seconds
($0.001)
3 hours
($38)
Big Company$10MFPGA7 seconds
($0.08)
13 hours
($5,000)
70
ASIC0.005 seconds
($0.001)
6 minutes
($38)
Intelligence Agency$300MASIC0.0002 seconds
($0.001)
12 seconds
($38)
75

Table 2 — from a 1996 article VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen both why exporting 40-bit keys was, in essence, no crypto at all and why DES' days were numbered — shows what DES key sizes were needed to protect data from attackers with different time and financial resources. This information was not merely academic; one of the basic tenets of any security system is to have an idea of what you are protecting and from whom are you protecting it! The table clearly shows that a 40-bit key was essentially worthless against even the most unsophisticated attacker. On the other hand, 56-bit keys were fairly strong unless you might be subject to some pretty serious corporate or government espionage. But note that even 56-bit keys were clearly on the decline in their value and that the times in the table were worst cases.

So, how big is big enough? DES, invented in 1975, was still in use at the VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen of the century, nearly 25 years later. If we take that to be a design criteria (i.e., a 20-plus year lifetime) and we believe Moore's VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen ("computing power doubles every 18 months"), then a key size extension of 14 bits (i.e., a factor of more than 16,000) should be adequate. The 1975 DES proposal suggested 56-bit keys; by 1995, a 70-bit key would have been required to offer equal protection and an 85-bit key necessary by 2015.

A 256- or 512-bit SKC key will probably suffice for some time because that length keeps us ahead of the brute force capabilities of the attackers. Note that while a large key is good, a huge key may not always be better; for example, expanding PKC keys beyond the current 2048- or 4096-bit lengths doesn't add any necessary protection at this time. Weaknesses in cryptosystems are largely based upon key management rather than weak keys.

Much of the discussion above, including the table, is based on the paper "Minimal Key Lengths for Symmetric Ciphers to Provide Adequate Commercial Security" by M. Blaze, W. Diffie, R.L. Rivest, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, B. Schneier, T. Shimomura, E. Thompson, and M. Wiener (1996).

The most effective large-number factoring methods today use a mathematical Number Field Sieve to find a certain number of relationships and then uses a matrix operation to solve a linear equation to produce the two prime factors. The sieve step actually involves a large number of operations that can be performed in parallel; solving the linear equation, however, requires a supercomputer. Indeed, finding the solution to the RSA-140 challenge in February 1999 — factoring a 140-digit (465-bit) prime number — required 200 computers across the Internet about 4 weeks for the first step and a Cray computer 100 hours and 810 MB of memory to do the second step.

In early 1999, Shamir (of RSA fame) described a new machine that could increase factorization speed by 2-3 orders of magnitude, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. Although no detailed plans were provided nor is one known to have been built, the concepts of TWINKLE (The Weizmann Institute Key Locating Engine) could result in a specialized piece of hardware that would cost about $5000 and have the processing power of 100-1000 PCs. There still appear to be many engineering details that have to be worked out before such a machine could be built. Furthermore, the hardware improves the sieve step only; the matrix operation is not optimized at all by this design and the complexity of this step grows rapidly with key length, both in terms of processing time and memory requirements. Nevertheless, this plan conceptually puts 512-bit keys within reach of being factored. Although most PKC schemes allow keys that are 1024 bits and longer, Shamir claims that 512-bit RSA keys "protect 95% of today's E-commerce on the Internet." (See Bruce Schneier's Crypto-Gram (May 15, 1999) for more information.)

It is also interesting to note that while cryptography is good and strong cryptography is better, long keys may disrupt the nature of the randomness of data files. Shamir and van Someren ("Playing hide and seek with stored keys") have noted that a new generation of viruses can be written that will find files encrypted with long keys, making them easier to find by intruders and, therefore, more prone to attack.

Finally, U.S, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. government policy has tightly controlled the export of crypto products since World War II. 001 MP3 Encoder 1.0 crack serial keygen the mid-1990s, export outside of North America of cryptographic products using keys greater than 40 bits in length was prohibited, soundtoys 5 mac download Archives made those products VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen worthless in the marketplace, particularly for electronic commerce; today, crypto products are widely available on the Internet without restriction. The U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Industry and Security maintains an Encryption FAQ web page with more information about the current state of encryption registration.


Without meaning to editorialize too much in this tutorial, a bit of historical context might be helpful. In the mid-1990s, the U.S. Department of Commerce still classified cryptography as a munition and limited the export of any products that contained crypto. For that reason, browsers in the 1995 era, such as Internet Explorer and Netscape, had a domestic version with 128-bit encryption (downloadable only in the U.S.) and an export version with 40-bit encryption. Many cryptographers felt that the export limitations should be lifted because they only applied to U.S. products and seemed to have been put into place by policy makers who believed that only the U.S. knew how to build strong crypto algorithms, ignoring the work ongoing in Australia, Canada, Israel, South Africa, the U.K., and other locations in the 1990s. Those restrictions were lifted by 1996 or 1997, but there is still a prevailing attitude, apparently, that U.S. crypto algorithms are the only strong ones around; consider Bruce Schneier's blog in June 2016 titled "CIA Director John Brennan Pretends Foreign Cryptography Doesn't Exist." Cryptography is a decidedly international game today; note the many countries mentioned above as having developed various algorithms, not the least of which is the fact that NIST's Advanced Encryption Standard employs an algorithm submitted by cryptographers from Belgium. For more evidence, see Schneier's Worldwide Encryption Products Survey (February 2016).


On a related topic, public key crypto schemes can be used for several purposes, including key exchange, digital signatures, authentication, and more. In those PKC systems used for SKC key exchange, the PKC key VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen are chosen so as to be resistant to some selected level of attack. The length VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen the secret keys exchanged via that system have to have at least the same level of attack resistance. Thus, the three parameters of such a system — system strength, secret key strength, and public key strength — must be matched. This topic is explored in more detail in Determining Strengths For Public Keys Used For Exchanging Symmetric Keys (RFC 3766).

4. TRUST MODELS

Secure use of cryptography requires trust. While secret key cryptography can ensure message confidentiality and hash codes can ensure integrity, none of this works without trust. In SKC, Alice and Bob had to share a secret key. PKC solved the secret distribution problem, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, but how does Alice really know that Bob is who he says he is? Just because Bob has a public and private key, and purports to be "Bob," how does Alice know that a malicious person (Mallory) is not pretending to be Bob?

There are a number of trust models employed by various cryptographic schemes. This section will explore three of them:

  • The web of trust employed by Pretty Good Privacy (PGP) users, who hold their own set of trusted public neat video 5.2.2 pro activated Archives, a secret key distribution scheme using a trusted third party.
  • Certificates, which allow a set of trusted third parties to authenticate each other and, by implication, each other's users.

Each of these trust models differs in complexity, general applicability, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, scope, and scalability.

4.1. PGP Web of Trust

Pretty Good Privacy (described more below in Section 5.5) is a widely used private e-mail scheme based on public key methods. A PGP user maintains a local keyring of all their known and trusted public keys. The user makes their own determination about the trustworthiness of a key using what is called a "web of trust."

FIGURE 5: GPG VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen Figure 5 shows a PGP-formatted keychain from the GNU Privacy Guard (GPG) software, an implementation of the OpenPGP standard. This is a section of my keychain, so only includes public keys from individuals whom I know and, presumably, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, trust. Note that keys are associated with e-mail addresses rather than individual names.

In general, the PGP Web of trust works as follows. Suppose that Alice needs Bob's public key. Alice VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen just ask Bob for it directly via e-mail or download the public key from a PGP key server; this server might a well-known PGP key repository or a site that Bob maintains himself. In fact, Bob's public key might be stored or listed in many places. (My public key, for example, can be found at https://www.garykessler.net/pubkey.html or at several public PGP key servers, including https://keys.openpgp.org.) Alice is prepared to believe that Bob's public key, as stored at these locations, is valid.

Suppose Carol claims to hold Bob's public key and offers to give the key to Alice. How does Alice know that Carol's version of Bob's key is valid or if Carol is actually giving Alice a key that will allow Mallory access to messages? The answer is, "It depends." If Alice trusts Carol and Carol says that she thinks that her version of Bob's key is valid, then Alice may — at her option — trust that key. And trust is not necessarily transitive; if Dave has a copy of Bob's key and Carol trusts Dave, it does not necessarily follow that Alice trusts Dave even if she does trust Carol.

The point here is that who Alice trusts and Your Uninstaller! PRO 2008 6.1.123X crack serial keygen she makes that determination is strictly up to Alice. PGP makes no statement and has no protocol about how one user determines whether they trust another user or not. In any case, encryption and signatures based on public keys can only be used when the appropriate public key is on the user's keyring.

4.2. Kerberos

Kerberos is a commonly used authentication scheme on the Internet. Developed by MIT's Project Athena, Kerberos is named for the three-headed dog who, according to Greek Features Of RogueKiller 2021:, guards the entrance of Hades (rather than the exit, for some reason!).

Kerberos employs a client/server architecture and provides user-to-server authentication rather than host-to-host authentication. In this model, security and authentication will be based on secret key technology where every host on the network has its own secret key. It would clearly be unmanageable if every host had to know the keys of all other hosts so a secure, trusted host somewhere on the network, known as a Key Distribution Center (KDC), knows the keys for all of the hosts (or at least some of the hosts within a portion of the network, called a realm), VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. In this way, when a new node is brought online, only the KDC and the new node need to be configured with the node's key; keys can be distributed physically or by some other secure means.

FIGURE 6: Kerberos architecture.


The Kerberos Server/KDC has two main functions (Figure 6), known as the Authentication Server (AS) and Ticket-Granting Server (TGS). The steps in establishing an authenticated session between an application client and the application server are:
  1. The Kerberos client software establishes a connection with the Kerberos server's AS function. The AS first authenticates that the client is who it purports to be. The AS then provides the client with a secret key for this login session (the TGS session key) and a ticket-granting ticket (TGT), which gives the client permission to talk to the TGS. The ticket has a finite lifetime so that the authentication process is repeated periodically.
  2. The client now communicates with the TGS to obtain the Application Server's key so that it (the client) can establish a connection to the service it wants. The client supplies the TGS with the TGS session key and TGT; the TGS responds with an application session key (ASK) and an encrypted form of the Application Server's secret key; this secret key is never sent on the network in any other form.
  3. The client has now authenticated itself and can prove its identity to the Application Server by supplying the Kerberos ticket, application session key, and encrypted Application Server secret key. The Application Server responds with similarly encrypted information to authenticate itself to the client. At this point, the client can initiate the intended service requests (e.g., VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, Telnet, FTP, HTTP, or e-commerce transaction session establishment).

The current version of this protocol is Kerberos V5 (described in RFC 1510). While the details of their operation, functional capabilities, and message formats are different, the conceptual overview above pretty much holds for both. One primary difference VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen that VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen V4 uses only DES to generate keys and encrypt messages, while V5 allows VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen schemes to be employed (although DES is still the most widely algorithm used).

4.3. Public Key Certificates and Certificate Authorities

Certificates and Certificate Authorities (CA) are necessary for VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen use of cryptography for e-commerce applications. While a combination of secret and public key cryptography can solve the business issues discussed above, crypto cannot alone address the trust issues that must exist between a customer and vendor in the very fluid, very dynamic e-commerce relationship. How, for example, does one site obtain another party's public key? How does a Ableton Live 11 Crack With Keygen Free Download determine if a public key really belongs to the sender? How does the recipient know that the sender is using their public key for a legitimate purpose for which they are authorized? When does a public key expire? How can a key be revoked in case of compromise or loss?

The basic concept of a certificate is one that is familiar to all of us. A driver's license, credit card, or SCUBA certification, for example, identify us to others, indicate something that we are authorized to do, have an expiration date, and identify the authority that granted the certificate.

As complicated as this VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen sound, it really isn't. Consider driver's licenses. I have one issued by the State of Florida. The license establishes my identity, indicates the type of vehicles that I can operate and the fact that I must wear corrective lenses while doing so, identifies the issuing authority, and notes that I am an organ donor. When I drive in other states, the other jurisdictions throughout the U.S. recognize the authority of Florida to issue this "certificate" and they trust the information it contains, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. When I leave the U.S., everything changes. When I am in Aruba, Australia, Canada, Israel, and many other countries, they will accept not the Florida license, per se, but any license issued in the U.S. This analogy represents the certificate trust chain, where even certificates carry certificates.

For purposes of electronic transactions, certificates are digital documents. The specific functions of the certificate include:

  • Establish identity: Associate, or bind, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, a public key to an individual, organization, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, corporate position, or other entity.
  • Assign authority: Establish what actions the holder may or may not take based upon this certificate.
  • Secure confidential information (e.g., encrypting the session's symmetric key for data confidentiality).

Typically, a certificate contains a public key, a name, an expiration date, the name of the authority that issued the certificate (and, therefore, is vouching for the identity of the user), a serial number, any pertinent policies describing how the certificate was issued and/or how the certificate may be used, the digital signature of the certificate issuer, and perhaps other information.

FIGURE 7: VeriSign Class 3 certificate.

A sample abbreviated certificate is shown in Figure 7. This is a typical certificate found in a browser, in this case, Mozilla Firefox (MacOS). While this is a certificate issued by VeriSign, many root-level certificates can be found shipped with browsers. When the browser IDM 5.19 Build 3 crack serial keygen a connection to a secure Web site, the Web server sends its public key certificate to the browser. The browser then checks the certificate's signature against the public key that it has stored; if there is a match, the certificate is taken as valid and the Web site verified by this certificate is considered to be "trusted."

The most widely accepted certificate format is the one defined in International Telecommunication Union Adobe Animate CC 2021 Crack v21 & License Key Full Free Download Standardization Sector (ITU-T) Recommendation X.509. Rec. X.509 is a specification used around the world and any applications complying with X.509 can share certificates. Most certificates today comply with X.509 Version 3 and contain the following information:

  • Version number
  • Certificate serial number
  • Signature algorithm identifier
  • Issuer's name and unique identifier
  • Validity (or operational) period
  • Subject's name and unique identifier
  • Subject public key information
  • Standard extensions
  • Certificate authorities are the repositories for public keys and can be any agency that issues certificates. A company, for example, may issue certificates to its employees, a college/university to its students, a store to its customers, an Internet service provider to its users, or a government to its constituents.

    When a sender needs an intended receiver's public key, the sender must get that key from the receiver's CA. That scheme is straight-forward if the sender and receiver have certificates issued by the same CA. If not, how does the sender know to trust the foreign CA? One industry wag has noted, about trust: "You are either born with it or have it granted upon you." Thus, some CAs will be trusted because they are known to be reputable, such as the CAs operated by AT&T Services, Comodo, DigiCert (formerly GTE Cybertrust), VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, EnTrust, Broadcom (formerly Symantec, formerly VeriSign), and Thawte. CAs, in turn, form trust relationships with other CAs, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. Thus, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen a user queries a foreign CA for information, the user may ask to see a list of CAs that establish a "chain of trust" back to the user.

    One major feature to look for in a CA is their identification policies and procedures. When a user generates a key pair and forwards the public key to a CA, the CA has to check the sender's identification and takes any steps necessary to assure itself that the request is really coming from the advertised sender. Different CAs have different identification policies and will, therefore, be trusted differently by other CAs. Verification of identity is just one of many issues that are part of a CA's Certification Practice Statement (CPS) and policies; other issues include how the CA protects the public keys in its care, how lost or compromised keys are revoked, and how the CA protects its own private keys.

    As a final note, CAs are not immune to attack and certificates themselves are able to be counterfeited. One of the first such episodes occurred at the turn of the century; on January 29 and 30, 2001, two VeriSign Class 3 code-signing digital certificates were issued to an individual who fraudulently claimed to be a Microsoft employee (CERT/CC CA-2001-04 and Microsoft Security Bulletin MS01-017 - Critical). Problems have continued over the years; good write-ups on this can be found at "Another Certification Authority Breached (the 12th!)" and "How Cybercrime Exploits Digital Certificates." Readers are also urged to read "Certification Authorities Under Attack: A Plea for Certificate Legitimation" (Oppliger, R., January/February 2014, IEEE Internet Computing, 18(1), 40-47).

    As a partial way to address this issue, the Internet Security Research Group (ISRG) designed the Automated Certificate Management Environment (ACME) protocol. ACME is a communications protocol that streamlines the process of deploying a Public Make CD - MP3 to Audio CD Maker 2.0 crack serial keygen Infrastructure (PKI) by automating interactions between CAs and Web servers that wish to obtain a certificate. More information can be found at the Let's Encrypt Web site, an ACME-based CA service provided by the ISRG.

    4.4. Summary

    The paragraphs above describe three very different trust models. It is hard to say that any one is better than the others; it depends upon your application. One of the biggest and fastest growing applications of cryptography today, though, is electronic commerce (e-commerce), a term that itself begs for a formal definition.

    PGP's web of trust is easy to maintain and very much based on the reality of users as people. The model, however, is limited; just how many public keys can a single user reliably store and maintain? And what if you are using the "wrong" computer when you want to send a message and can't access your keyring? How easy it is to revoke a key if it is compromised? PGP may also not scale well to an e-commerce scenario of secure communication between total strangers on short-notice.

    Kerberos overcomes many of the problems of PGP's web of trust, in that it is scalable and its scope can be very large. However, it also requires that the Kerberos server have a priori knowledge of all client systems prior to any transactions, which makes it unfeasible for "hit-and-run" client/server relationships as seen in e-commerce.

    Certificates and the collection of CAs will form a PKI. In the early days of the Internet, every host had to maintain a list of every other host; the Domain Name System (DNS) introduced the idea of a distributed database for this purpose and the DNS is one of the key reasons that the Internet has grown as it has. A PKI will fill a similar void in the e-commerce and PKC realm.

    While certificates and the benefits of a PKI are most often associated with electronic commerce, the applications for PKI are much broader and include secure electronic mail, payments and electronic checks, Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), secure transfer of Domain Name System (DNS) and routing information, electronic forms, and digitally signed documents. A single "global PKI" is still many years away, that is the ultimate goal of today's work as international electronic commerce changes the way in which we do business in a similar way in which the Internet has changed the way in which we communicate.

    5. CRYPTOGRAPHIC ALGORITHMS IN ACTION

    The paragraphs above have provided an overview of the different types of cryptographic algorithms, as well as some examples of some available protocols and schemes. Table 3 provides a list of some other noteworthy schemes and cryptosystems employed Cracjfor coreldraw x7 keygen,serial,crack,generator or proposed — for a variety of functions, most notably electronic commerce and secure communication. The paragraphs below will show several real cryptographic applications that many of us employ (knowingly or not) everyday for password protection and private communication. Some of the schemes described below never were widely deployed but are still historically interesting, thus remain included VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. This list is, by no means, exhaustive but describes items that are of significant current and/or historic importance (a subjective judgement, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, to be sure).

    BitmessageA decentralized, encrypted, peer-to-peer, trustless communications protocol for message exchange. The decentralized design, outlined in "Bitmessage: A Peer-to-Peer Message Authentication and Delivery System" (Warren, 2012), VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, is conceptually based on the Bitcoin model.
    CapstoneA now-defunct U.S, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and National Security Agency (NSA) project under the Bush Sr. and Clinton administrations for publicly available strong cryptography with keys escrowed by the government (NIST and the Treasury Dept.). Capstone included one or more tamper-proof computer chips for implementation (Clipper), a secret key encryption algorithm (Skipjack), digital signature algorithm (DSA), key exchange algorithm (KEA), and hash algorithm (SHA).
    Challenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP)An authentication scheme that allows one party to VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen who they are to a Windows 10 Activator Free Download For 32-64Bit [Sep 2021] party by demonstrating knowledge of a shared secret without actually divulging that shared secret to a third party who might be listening. Described in RFC 1994.
    Chips-Message Robust Authentication (CHIMERA)A scheme proposed for authenticating navigation data and the spreading code of civilian signals in the Global Positioning System (GPS). This is an anti-spoofing mechanism to protect the unencrypted civilian signals; GPS military signals are encrypted.
    ClipperThe computer chip that would implement the Skipjack encryption scheme. The Clipper chip was to have had a deliberate backdoor so that material encrypted with this device would not be beyond the government's reach. Described in 1993, Clipper was dead by 1996. See also EPIC's The Clipper Chip Web page.
    Cryptography Research and Evaluation Committees (CRYPTEC)Similar in concept to the NIST AES process and NESSIE, CRYPTEC is the Japanese government's process to evaluate algorithms submitted for government and industry applications. CRYPTEX maintains a list of public key and secret key ciphers, hash functions, MACs, and other crypto algorithms approved for various applications in government environments.
    Derived Unique Key Per Transaction (DUKPT)A key management scheme used for debit and credit card verification with point-of-sale (POS) transaction systems, automated teller machines (ATMs), and other financial applications. In DUKPT, a unique key is derived for each transaction based upon a fixed, shared key in such a way that knowledge of one derived key does not easily yield knowledge of other keys (including the fixed key). Therefore, if one of the derived keys is compromised, neither past nor subsequent transactions are endangered. DUKPT is specified in American National Standard (ANS) ANSI X9.24-1:2009 (Retail Financial Services Symmetric Key Management Part 1: Using Symmetric Techniques) and can be purchased at the ANSI X9.24 Web page.
    ECRYPT Stream Cipher Project (eSTREAM)The eSTREAM project came about as a result of the failure of the NESSIE project to produce a stream cipher that survived cryptanalysis. eSTREAM ran from 2004 to 2008 with the primary purpose of promoting the design of efficient and compact stream ciphers. As of September 2008, the eSTREAM suite contains seven sciphers.
    Escrowed Encryption Standard (EES)Largely unused, a controversial crypto scheme employing the SKIPJACK secret key crypto algorithm and a Law Enforcement Access Field (LEAF) creation method. LEAF was one part of the key escrow system and allowed for decryption of ciphertext messages that had been intercepted by law enforcement agencies. Described more in FIPS PUB 185 (archived; no longer in force).
    Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS)These computer security- and crypto-related FIPS PUBs are produced by the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) as standards for the U.S. Government. Current Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) related to crytography include:
    FortezzaA PCMCIA card developed by NSA that implements the Capstone algorithms, intended for use with the Defense Messaging Service (DMS). Originally called Tessera.
    GOSTGOST is a family of algorithms defined in the Russian cryptographic standards. Although most of VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen specifications are written in Russian, a series of RFCs describe some of the aspects so that the algorithms can be used effectively in Internet applications:
    • RFC 4357: Additional Cryptographic Algorithms for Use with GOST 28147-89, GOST R 34.10-94, GOST R 34.10-2001, and GOST R 34.11-94 Algorithms
    • RFC 4490: Using the GOST 28147-89, GOST R 34.11-94, GOST R 34.10-94, and VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen R 34.10-2001 Algorithms with Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)
    • RFC 4491: Using the GOST R 34.10-94, GOST R 34.10-2001, and GOST R 34.11-94 Algorithms with the Internet X.509 Public Key Infrastructure Certificate and CRL Profile
    • RFC 5830: GOST 28147-89: Encryption, Decryption, and Message Authentication Code (MAC) Algorithms
    • RFC 6986: GOST R 34.11-2012: Hash Function Algorithm
    • RFC 7091: GOST R 34.10-2012: Digital Signature Algorithm (Updates RFC 5832: GOST R 34.10-2001)
    • RFC 7801: GOST R 34.12-2015: Block Cipher "Kuznyechik"
    • RFC 7836: Guidelines on the Cryptographic Algorithms to Accompany the Usage of Standards GOST R 34.10-2012 and GOST R 34.11-2012
    • RFC 8891: GOST R 34.12-2015: Block Cipher "Magma"
    IP Security (IPsec)The IPsec protocol suite is used to provide privacy and authentication services at the IP layer. An overview of the protocol suite and of the documents comprising IPsec can be found in RFC 2411. Other documents include:
    • RFC 4301: IP security architecture.
    • RFC 4302: IP Authentication Header (AH), one of the two primary IPsec functions; AH provides connectionless integrity and data origin authentication for IP datagrams and protects against replay attacks.
    • RFC 4303: IP Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP), the other primary IPsec function; ESP provides a variety of security services within IPsec.
    • RFC 4304: Extended Sequence Number (ESN) Addendum, allows for negotiation of a 32- or VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen bit sequence number, used to detect replay attacks.
    • RFC 4305: Cryptographic algorithm implementation requirements for ESP and AH.
    • RFC 5996: The Internet Key Exchange (IKE) protocol, version 2, providing for mutual authentication and establishing and maintaining security associations.
      • IKE v1 was described in three separate documents, RFC 2407 (application of ISAKMP to IPsec), RFC 2408 (ISAKMP, a framework for key management and security associations), and RFC 2409 (IKE, using part of Oakley and part of SKEME in conjunction with ISAKMP to obtain authenticated keying material for use with ISAKMP, and for other security associations such as AH and ESP). IKE v1 is obsoleted with the introduction of IKEv2.
    • RFC 4307: Cryptographic algorithms used with IKEv2.
    • RFC 4308: Crypto suites for IPsec, IKE, and IKEv2.
    • RFC 4309: The use of AES in CBC-MAC mode with IPsec ESP.
    • RFC 4312: The use of the Camellia cipher algorithm in IPsec.
    • RFC 4359: The Use of RSA/SHA-1 Signatures within Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP) and Authentication Header (AH).
    • RFC 4434: Describes AES-XCBC-PRF-128, a pseudo-random function derived from the AES for use with IKE.
    • RFC 2403: Describes use of the HMAC with MD5 algorithm for data origin authentication and integrity protection in both AH and ESP.
    • RFC 2405: Describes use of DES-CBC (DES in Cipher Block Chaining Mode) for confidentiality in ESP.
    • RFC 2410: Defines use of the NULL encryption algorithm (i.e., provides authentication and integrity without confidentiality) in ESP.
    • RFC 2412: Describes OAKLEY, a key determination and distribution protocol.
    • RFC 2451: Describes use of Cipher Block Chaining (CBC) mode cipher algorithms with ESP.
    • RFCs 2522 and 2523: Description of Photuris, a session-key management protocol for IPsec.

    In addition, RFC 6379 describes Suite B Cryptographic Suites for IPsec and RFC 6380 describes the Suite B profile for IPsec.

    IPsec was first proposed for use with IP version 6 (IPv6), but can also be employed with the current IP version, IPv4.

    (See more detail about IPsec below in Section 5.6.)

    Internet Security Association and Key Management Protocol (ISAKMP/OAKLEY)ISAKMP/OAKLEY provide an infrastructure for Internet secure communications. ISAKMP, designed by the National Security Agency (NSA) and described in RFC 2408, is a framework for key management and security associations, independent of the key generation and cryptographic algorithms actually employed. The OAKLEY Key Determination Protocol, described in RFC 2412, is a key determination and distribution protocol using a variation of Diffie-Hellman.
    KerberosA secret key encryption and authentication system, designed to authenticate requests for network resources within a user domain rather than to authenticate messages. Kerberos also uses a trusted third-party approach; a client communications with the Kerberos server to obtain "credentials" so that it may access services at the application server. Kerberos V4 used DES to generate keys and encrypt messages; Kerberos V5 uses DES and other schemes for key generation.

    Microsoft added support for Kerberos V5 — with some proprietary extensions — in Windows 2000 Active Directory. There are many Kerberos articles posted at Microsoft's Knowledge Base, notably "Kerberos Explained."
    Keyed-Hash Message Authentication Code (HMAC)A message authentication scheme based upon secret key cryptography and the secret key shared between two parties rather than public key methods. Described in FIPS PUB 198 and RFC 2104. (See Section 5.19 below for details on HMAC operation.)
    Message Digest Cipher (MDC)Invented by Peter Gutman, MDC turns a one-way hash function into a block cipher.
    MIME Object Security Services (MOSS)Designed as a successor to PEM to provide PEM-based security services to MIME messages. Described in RFC 1848. Never widely implemented and now defunct.
    Mujahedeen SecretsA Windows GUI, PGP-like cryptosystem. Developed by supporters of Al-Qaeda, the program employs the five finalist AES algorithms, namely, MARS, RC6, Rijndael, Serpent, and Twofish. 123Tag 4.0.2 crack serial keygen described in Inspire Magazine, Issue 1, pp. 41-44 and Inspire Magazine, Issue 2, pp. 58-59. Additional related information can also be found in "How Al-Qaeda Uses Encryption Post-Snowden (Part 2)."
    New European Schemes for Signatures, Integrity and Encryption (NESSIE)NESSIE was an independent project meant to augment the work of NIST during the AES adoption process by putting out an open call for new cryptographic primitives. The NESSIE project ran from about 2000-2003. While several new block ciper, PKC, MAC, and digital signature algorithms were found during the NESSIE process, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, no new stream cipher survived cryptanalysis. As a result, the ECRYPT Stream Cipher Project (eSTREAM) was created.
    NSA Suite B CryptographyAn NSA standard for securing information at the SECRET level. Defines use of:
    • Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) with key sizes of 128 and 256 bits, per FIPS PUB 197 for encryption
    • The Ephemeral Unified Model and the One-Pass Diffie Hellman (referred to as ECDH) using the curves with 256 and 384-bit prime moduli, per NIST Special Publication 800-56A for key exchange
    • Elliptic Curve Digital Signature Algorithm (ECDSA) using the curves with 256 and 384-bit prime moduli, per FIPS PUB 186-3 for digital signatures
    • Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA) using 256 and 384 bits, per FIPS PUB 180-3 for hashing

    RFC 6239 describes Suite B Cryptographic Suites for Secure Shell (SSH) and RFC 6379 describes Suite B Cryptographic Suites for Secure IP (IPsec).

    RFC 8423 reclassifies the RFCs related to the Suite B cryptographic algorithms as Historic, and it discusses the reasons for doing so.

    Pretty Good Privacy (PGP)A family of cryptographic routines for e-mail, file, and disk encryption developed by Philip Zimmermann. PGP 2.6.x uses RSA for key management and digital signatures, IDEA for message encryption, and MD5 for computing the message's hash value; more information can also be found in RFC 1991. PGP 5.x (formerly known as "PGP 3") uses Diffie-Hellman/DSS for key management and digital signatures; IDEA, CAST, or 3DES for message encryption; and MD5 or SHA for computing the message's hash value. OpenPGP, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, described in RFC 2440, is an open definition of security software based on PGP 5.x. The GNU Privacy Guard (GPG) is a free software version of OpenPGP.

    (See more detail about PGP below in Section 5.5.)

    Privacy Enhanced Mail (PEM)An IETF standard for secure electronic mail over the Internet, including provisions for encryption (DES), authentication, and key management (DES, RSA). Developed by the IETF but never widely used. Described in the following RFCs:
    • RFC 1421: Part I, Message Encryption and Authentication Procedures
    • RFC 1422: Part II, Certificate-Based Key Management
    • RFC 1423: Part III, Algorithms, Modes, and Identifiers
    • RFC 1424: Part IV, Key Certification and Related Services
    Private Communication Technology (PCT)Developed by Microsoft for secure communication on the Internet. PCT supported Diffie-Hellman, Fortezza, and RSA for key establishment; DES, RC2, Phpstorm full version Archives, and triple-DES for encryption; and DSA and RSA message signatures. Never widely used; superceded by SSL and TLS.
    Secure Electronic Transaction (SET)A communications protocol for securing credit card transactions, developed by MasterCard and VISA, in cooperation with IBM, Microsoft, RSA, and other companies. Merged two other protocols: Secure Electronic Payment Protocol (SEPP), VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, an open specification for secure bank card transactions over the Internet developed by CyberCash, GTE, IBM, MasterCard, and Netscape; and Secure Transaction Technology (STT), a secure payment protocol developed by Microsoft and Visa International. Supports DES and RC4 for encryption, and RSA for signatures, key exchange, and public key encryption of bank card numbers. SET V1.0 is described in Book 1, Book 2, and Book 3. SET has been superceded by SSL and TLS.
    Secure Hypertext Transfer Protocol (S-HTTP)An extension to HTTP to provide secure exchange of documents over the World Wide Web. Supported algorithms include RSA and Kerberos for key exchange, DES, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, IDEA, RC2, and Triple-DES for encryption. Described in RFC 2660. S-HTTP was never as widely used as HTTP over SSL (https).
    Secure Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (S/MIME)An IETF secure e-mail scheme superceding PEM, and adding digital signature and encryption capability to Internet MIME messages. S/MIME Version 3.1 is described in RFCs 3850 and 3851, and employs the Cryptographic Message Syntax described in RFCs 3369 and 3370.

    (More detail about S/MIME can be found below in Section 5.15.)
    Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)Developed in 1995 by Netscape Communications to provide application-independent security and privacy over the Internet. SSL is designed so that protocols such as HTTP, FTP (File Transfer Protocol), and Telnet can operate over it transparently. SSL allows both server authentication (mandatory) and VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen authentication (optional). RSA is used during negotiation to exchange keys and identify the actual cryptographic algorithm (DES, IDEA, RC2, RC4, or 3DES) to use for the session. SSL also uses MD5 for message digests and X.509 public key certificates. SSL was found to be breakable soon after the IETF announced formation of group to work on TLS and RFC 6176 specifically prohibits the use of SSL v2.0 by TLS clients. SSL version 3.0 is described in RFC 6101. All versions of SSL are now deprecated in favor of TLS; TLS v1.0 is sometimes referred to as "SSL v3.1."

    (More detail about SSL can be found below in Section 5.7.)
    Server Gated Cryptography (SGC)Microsoft VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen to SSL that provided strong VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen for online banking and other financial applications using RC2 (128-bit key), RC4 (128-bit key), DES (56-bit key), or 3DES VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen of 168-bit key). Use of SGC required an Windows NT Server running Internet Information Server (IIS) 4.0 with a valid SGC certificate. SGC was available in 32-bit Windows versions of Internet Explorer (IE) 4.0; support for Mac, Unix, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, and 16-bit Windows versions of IE was planned, but never materialized, and SGC was made moot when browsers started to ship with 128-bit encryption.
    ShangMi (SM) Cipher SuitesA suite of authentication, encryption, and hash algorithms from the People's Republic of China.
    • SM2 Cryptography Algorithm: A public key crypto scheme based on elliptic curves. An overview of the specification, in Chinese, can be found in GM/T 0009-2012. Additional specifications can be found in:
    • SM3 Cryptographic Hash Algorithm: A hash algorithm operating on 512-bit blocks to produce a 256-bit hash value. Described in GB/T 32905-2016.
    • SM4 Block Cipher Algorithm: A Feistel block cipher algorithm with a block length and key length of 128 bits, and 32 rounds. Described in GB/T 32907-2016.
    An application of the ShangMi Cipher Suites in TLS can be found in RFC 8998.
    Signal ProtocolA protocol for providing end-to-end encryption for voice calls, video calls, and instant messaging (including group chats). Employing a combination of AES, ECC, and HMAC algorithms, it offers such features as confidentiality, integrity, authentication, forward/future secrecy, and message repudiation, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. Signal is particularly interesting because of its lineage and widespread use. The Signal Protocol's earliest versions were known as TextSecure, first developed by Open Whisper Systems in 2013. TextSecure itself was based on a 2004 protocol called Off-the-Record (OTR) Messaging, designed as an improvement over OpenPGP and S/MIME. TextSecure v2 VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen introduced a scheme called the Axolotl Ratchet for key exchange and added additional communication features, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. After subsequent iterations improving key management (and the renaming of VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen key exchange protocol to Double Ratchet), additional cryptographic primitives, and the addition of an encrypted voice calling application (RedPhone), VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, TextSecure was renamed Signal Protocol in 2016. The Ratchet key exchange algorithm is at the heart of the power of this system. Most messaging apps employ the users' public and private keys; the weakness here is that if the phone falls into someone else's hands, all of the messages on the device — including deleted messages — can be decrypted. The Ratchet algorithm generates a set of so-called "temporary keys" for each user, based upon that user's public/private key pair. When two users exchange messages, the Signal protocol creates a secret key by combining the temporary and permanent pairs of public and private keys for both users. Each message is assigned its own secret key. Because the generation of the secret key requires access to both users' private keys, it exists only on their two devices. The Signal Protocol is/has been employed in:
    A reasonably good writeup of the protocol can be found in "Demystifying the Signal Protocol for End-to-End Encryption (E2EE)" by Kozhukhovskaya, Mora, and Wong (2017).
    Simple Authentication and Security Layer (SASL)A framework for providing authentication VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen data security services in connection-oriented protocols (a la TCP), described in RFC 4422. It provides a structured interface and allows new protocols to reuse existing authentication mechanisms and allows old protocols to make use of new mechanisms.

    It has been common practice on the Internet to permit anonymous access to various services, employing a plain-text password using a user name of "anonymous" and a password of an email address or some other identifying information. New IETF protocols disallow plain-text logins, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. The Anonymous SASL Mechanism (RFC 4505) provides a method for anonymous logins within the SASL framework.
    Simple Key-Management for Internet Protocol (SKIP)Key management scheme for secure IP communication, specifically for IPsec, and designed by Aziz and Diffie. SKIP essentially defines a public key infrastructure for the Internet and even uses X.509 certificates. Most public key cryptosystems assign keys on a per-session basis, which is inconvenient for the Internet since IP is connectionless. Instead, SKIP provides a basis for secure communication between any pair of Internet hosts. SKIP can employ DES, 3DES, IDEA, RC2, RC5, MD5, and SHA-1. As it happened, SKIP was not adopted for IPsec; IKE was selected instead.
    SM9Chinese Standard GM/T0044-2016 SM9 (2016) is the Chinese national standard for Identity Based Cryptography. SM9 comprises three cryptographic algorithms, namely the Identity Based Digital Signature Algorithm, Identity Based Key Agreement Algorithm, and Identity Based Key Encapsulation Algorithm (allowing one party to securely send a symmetric key to another party). The SM9 scheme is also described in The SM9 Cryptographic Schemes (Z. Cheng).
    TelegramTelegram, launched in 2013, is a cloud-based instant messaging and voice over IP (VoIP) service, with client app software available for all major computer and mobile device operating systems. Telegram allows users to exchange messages, photos, videos, etc., and supplies end-to-end encryption using a protocol called MTProto. stickers, audio and files of any type. MTProto employs 256-bit AES, 2048-bit RSA, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, and Diffie-Hellman key exchange. There have been several contriversies with Telegram, not the least of which has to do with the nationality of the founders and the true location of the business, as well as some operation issues. From a cryptological viewpoint, however, one cautionary tale can be found in "On the CCA (in)security of MTProto" (Jakobsen & Orlandi, 2015), who describe some of the crypto weaknesses of the protocol; specifically, that "MTProto does not satisfy the definitions of authenticated encryption (AE) or indistinguishability under chosen-ciphertext attack (IND-CCA)" (p. 1).
    Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) encryption (tcpcrypt)As of 2019, the majority of Internet TCP traffic is not encrypted. The two primary reasons for this are (1) many legacy protocols have no mechanism with which to employ encryption (e.g., without a command such as STARTSSL, the protocol cannot invoke use of any encryption) and (2) many legacy applications cannot be upgraded, so no new encryption can be added. The response from the IETF's TCP Increased Security Working Group was to define a transparent way within the transport layer (i.e., TCP) with which to invoke encryption. The TCP Encryption Negotiation Option (TCP-ENO) addresses these two problems with an out-of-band, fully backward-compatible TCP option with which to negotiate use of encryption. TCP-ENO is described in RFC 8547 and tcpcrypt, an encryption protocol to protect TCP streams, is described in RFC 8548.
    Transport Layer Security (TLS)TLS v1.0 is an IETF specification VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen 2246) intended to replace SSL v3.0. TLS v1.0 employs Triple-DES (secret key cryptography), SHA (hash), Diffie-Hellman (key exchange), and DSS (digital signatures). TLS v1.0 was vulnerable to attack and updated by v1.1 (RFC 4346), which is now classified as an HISTORIC specification. TLS v1.1 was replaced by TLS v1.2 (RFC 5246) and, subsequently, by v1.3 (RFC 8446).

    TLS is designed to operate over TCP. The IETF developed the Datagram Transport Layer Security (DTLS) protocol to operate over UDP. DTLS v1.2 is described in RFC 6347.

    (See more detail about TLS below in Section 5.7.)
    TrueCryptOpen source, multi-platform cryptography software that can be used to encrypt a file, partition, or entire disk. One of TrueCrypt's more interesting features is that of plausible deniability with hidden volumes or hidden operating systems. The original Web site, truecrypt.org, suddenly went dark in May 2014. The current fork of TrueCrypt is VeraCrypt.

    (See more detail about TrueCrypt below in Section 5.11.)
    X.509ITU-T recommendation for the format of certificates for the public key infrastructure. Certificates map (bind) a user identity to a public key. The IETF application of X.509 certificates is documented in RFC 5280. An Internet X.509 Public Key Infrastructure is further defined in RFC 4210 (Certificate Management Protocols) and RFC 3647 (Certificate Policy and Certification Practices Framework).

    5.1. Password Protection

    Nearly all modern multiuser computer and network operating systems employ passwords at the very least to protect and authenticate users accessing computer and/or network resources. But passwords are not typically kept on a host or server in plaintext, but are generally encrypted using some sort VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen hash scheme.

    A) /etc/passwd file root:Jbw6BwE4XoUHo:0:0:root:/root:/bin/bash VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen carol:FM5ikbQt1K052:502:100:Carol Monaghan:/home/carol:/bin/bash alex:LqAi7Mdyg/HcQ:503:100:Alex Insley:/home/alex:/bin/bash gary:FkJXupRyFqY4s:501:100:Gary Kessler:/home/gary:/bin/bash todd:edGqQUAaGv7g6:506:101:Todd Pritsky:/home/todd:/bin/bash josh:FiH0ONcjPut1g:505:101:Joshua Kessler:/home/webroot:/bin/bash B.1) /etc/passwd file (with shadow passwords) root:x:0:0:root:/root:/bin/bash carol:x:502:100:Carol Monaghan:/home/carol:/bin/bash alex:x:503:100:Alex Insley:/home/alex:/bin/bash gary:x:501:100:Gary Kessler:/home/gary:/bin/bash todd:x:506:101:Todd Pritsky:/home/todd:/bin/bash josh:x:505:101:Joshua Kessler:/home/webroot:/bin/bash B.2) /etc/shadow file root:AGFw$1$P4u/uhLK$l2.HP35rlu65WlfCzq:11449:0:99999:7::: carol:kjHaN%35a8xMM8a/0kMl1?fwtLAM.K&kw.:11449:0:99999:7::: alex:1$1KKmfTy0a7#3.LL9a8H71lkwn/.hH22a:11449:0:99999:7::: gary:9ajlknknKJHjhnu7298ypnAIJKL$Jh.hnk:11449:0:99999:7::: todd:798POJ90uab6.k$klPqMt%alMlprWqu6$.:11492:0:99999:7::: josh:Awmqpsui*787pjnsnJJK%aappaMpQo07.8:11492:0:99999:7:::

    FIGURE 8: Sample entries in Unix/Linux password files.

    Unix/Linux, for example, uses a well-known hash via its crypt() function. Passwords are stored in the /etc/passwd file (Figure 8A); each record in the file contains the username, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, hashed password, user's individual and group numbers, user's name, home directory, and shell program; Dr. Fone 11.0.2 Crack Archives fields are separated by colons (:). Note that each password is stored as a 13-byte string. The first two characters are actually a salt, randomness added to each password so that if two users have the same password, they will still be encrypted differently; the salt, in fact, provides a means so that a single password might have 4096 different encryptions. The remaining 11 bytes are the password hash, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, calculated using DES.

    As it happens, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, the /etc/passwd file is world-readable on Unix systems. This fact, coupled with the weak encryption of the passwords, resulted in the development of the shadow password system where passwords are kept in a separate, non-world-readable file used in conjunction with the normal password file. When shadow passwords are Windows 10 Activator Full Torrent With Registration Key Latest [32/64-bit] Download, the password entry in /etc/passwd is replaced with a "*" or "x" (Figure 8B.1) and the MD5 hash of the passwords are stored in /etc/shadow along with some other account information (Figure 8B.2).

    Windows NT uses a similar scheme to store passwords in the Security Access Manager (SAM) file. In the NT case, all passwords are hashed using the MD4 algorithm, resulting in a 128-bit (16-byte) hash value (they are then obscured using an undocumented mathematical VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen that was a secret until distributed on the Internet). The password password, for example, might be stored as the hash value (in hexadecimal) 60771b22d73c34bd4a290a79c8b09f18.

    Passwords are not saved in plaintext on computer systems precisely so they cannot be easily compromised. For similar reasons, we don't want passwords sent in plaintext across a network. But for remote logon applications, how does a client system identify itself or a user to the server? One mechanism, of course, is to send the password as a hash value and that, indeed, may be done. A weakness of that approach, however, is that an intruder can grab the password off of the network and use an off-line attack (such as a dictionary attack where an attacker takes every known word and encrypts it with the network's encryption algorithm, hoping eventually to find a match with a purloined password hash). In some situations, an attacker only has to copy the hashed password value and use it later on to gain unauthorized entry without ever learning the actual password.

    An even stronger authentication method uses the password to modify a shared secret between the client and server, but never allows the password in any form to go across the network. This is the basis for the Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol (CHAP), the remote logon process used by Windows NT.

    As suggested above, Windows NT passwords are stored in a security file on a server as a 16-byte hash value. In truth, Windows NT stores two hashes; a weak hash based upon the old LAN Manager (LanMan) scheme and the newer NT hash. When a user logs on to a server from a remote workstation, the user is identified by the username, sent across the network in plaintext (no worries here; it's not a secret anyway!). The server then generates a 64-bit random number and sends it to the client (also in plaintext). This number is the challenge.

    Using the LanMan scheme, the client system then encrypts the challenge using DES. Recall that DES employs a 56-bit key, acts on a 64-bit block of data, and produces a 64-bit output. In this case, the 64-bit data block is the random number. The client actually uses three different DES keys to encrypt the random number, producing three different 64-bit outputs. The first key is the first seven bytes (56 bits) of the password's hash value, the second key is the next seven bytes in the password's hash, and the third key is the remaining two bytes of the password's hash concatenated with five zero-filled bytes. (So, for the example above, the three DES keys would be 60771b22d73c34, bd4a290a79c8b0, and 9f180000000000.) Each key is applied to the random number resulting in three 64-bit outputs, which comprise the response. Thus, the server's 8-byte challenge yields a 24-byte response from the client and this is all that would be seen on the network. The server, for its part, does the same calculation to ensure that the values match.

    There is, however, a significant weakness to this system. Specifically, the response is generated in such a way as to effectively reduce 16-byte hash to three smaller hashes, of length seven, seven, and two, respectively, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. Thus, a password cracker has to break at most a 7-byte hash. One Windows NT vulnerability test program that I used in the past reported passwords that were "too short," defined as "less than 8 characters." When I asked how the program knew that passwords were too short, the software's salespeople suggested to me that the program broke the passwords to determine their length. This was, in fact, not the case at all; all the software really had to do was to look at the last eight VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen of the Windows NT LanMan hash to see that the password was seven or fewer characters.

    Consider the following example, showing the LanMan hash of two different short passwords (take a close look at the last 8 bytes):

    AA: 89D42A44E77140AAAAD3B435B51404EE
    AAA: 1C3A2B6D939A1021AAD3B435B51404EE

    Note that the NT hash provides no such clue:

    AA: C5663434F963BE79C8FD99F535E7AAD8
    AAA: 6B6E0FB2ED246885B98586C73B5BFB77

    It is worth noting that the discussion above describes the Microsoft version of CHAP, or MS-CHAP (MS-CHAPv2 is described in RFC 2759). MS-CHAP assumes that it is working with hashed values of the password as the key to encrypting the challenge. More traditional CHAP (RFC 1994) assumes that it is starting with passwords in plaintext. The relevance of this observation is that a CHAP client, for example, cannot be authenticated by an MS-CHAP server; both client and server must use the same CHAP version.

    5.2. Diffie-Hellman Key Exchange

    Diffie and Hellman introduced the concept of public key cryptography. The mathematical "trick" of Diffie-Hellman key exchange is that it is relatively easy to compute exponents compared to computing discrete logarithms. Diffie-Hellman allows two parties — the ubiquitous Alice and Bob — to generate a secret key; they need to exchange some information over an unsecure communications channel to perform the calculation but an eavesdropper cannot determine the shared secret key based upon this information.

    Diffie-Hellman works like this. Alice and Bob start by agreeing on a large prime number, N. They also have to choose some number G so that G<N.

    There is actually another constraint on G, namely that it must be primitive with respect to N. Primitive is a definition that is a little beyond the scope of our discussion VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen basically G is primitive to N if the set of N-1 values of Gi mod N for i = (1,N-1) are all different. As 2nd Speech Center 1.10 build 020415 crack serial keygen example, 2 is not primitive to 7 because the set of powers of 2 from 1 to 6, mod 7 (i.e., 21 mod 7, 22 mod 7. ., VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, 26 mod 7) = {2,4,1,2,4,1}. On the other hand, 3 is primitive to 7 because the set of powers of 3 from 1 to 6, mod 7 = {3,2,6,4,5,1}.

    (The definition of primitive introduced a new term to some readers, namely mod. The phrase x mod y (and read as written!) means "take the remainder after dividing x by y." Thus, 1 mod 7 = 1, 9 mod 6 = 3, and 8 mod 8 = 0. Read more about the modulo function in the appendix.)

    Anyway, either Alice or Bob selects N and G; they then tell the other party what the values are. Alice and Bob then work independently (Figure 9):

    Alice.

    1. Choose a large random number, XA < N, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. This is Alice's private key.
    2. Compute YA = GXA mod N. This is Alice's public key.
    3. Exchange public key with Bob.
    4. Compute KA = YBXA VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen N
    Bob.

    1. Choose a large random number, XB < N. This is Bob's private key.
    2. Compute YB = GXB mod N, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. This is Bob's public key.
    3. Exchange public key with Alice.
    4. Compute KB = YAXB mod N
    FIGURE 9: Diffie-Hellman key exchange model.

    Note that XA and XB are kept secret while YA and YB are openly shared; these are the private and public keys, respectively. Based on their own private key and the public key learned from the other party, Alice and Bob have computed their secret keys, KA and KB, respectively, which are equal to GXAXB mod N.

    Perhaps a small example will help here. Although Alice and Bob will really choose large values for N and G, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen will use small values for example only; let's use N=7 and G=3, as shown in Figure 10.

    Alice.

    1. Choose private key; XA = 2
    2. Compute public key; YA = 32 mod 7 = 2
    3. Exchange public key with Bob
    4. KA = YBXA mod N = 62 mod 7 = 1
    Bob.

    1. Choose private key; XB = 3
    2. Compute public key; YB = 33 mod 7 = 6
    3. Exchange public key with Alice
    4. KB = YAXB mod N = 23 mod 7 = 1
    FIGURE 10: Diffie-Hellman key exchange example.

    In this example, then, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, Alice and Bob will both find the secret key 1 which is, indeed, 36 mod 7 (i.e., GXAXB = 32x3). If an eavesdropper (Eve) was listening in on the information exchange between Alice and Bob, she would learn G, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, N, YA, and YB which is a lot of information but insufficient to compromise the key; as long as XA and XB remain unknown, K is safe. As stated above, calculating Y = GX is a lot easier than finding X = logG Y.


    A short digression on modulo arithmetic. In the paragraph above, we noted that 36 mod 7 = 1. This can be confirmed, of course, by noting that:

    36 = 729 = 104*7 + 1

    There is a nice property of modulo arithmetic, however, that makes this determination a little easier, namely: (a mod x)(b mod x) = (ab mod x). Therefore, one possible shortcut is to note that 36 = (33)(33). Therefore, 36 mod 7 = (33 mod 7)(33 mod 7) = (27 mod 7)(27 mod 7) = 6*6 mod 7 = 36 mod 7 = 1.


    Diffie-Hellman can also be used to allow key sharing amongst multiple users. Note again that the Diffie-Hellman algorithm is used to generate secret keys, not to encrypt and decrypt messages.

    5.3. RSA Public Key Cryptography

    Unlike Diffie-Hellman, RSA can be used for key exchange as well as digital signatures and the encryption of small blocks of data, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. Today, RSA is primarily used to encrypt the VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen key used for secret key encryption (message integrity) or the message's hash value (digital signature). RSA's mathematical hardness comes from the ease in calculating large numbers and the difficulty in finding the prime factors of those large numbers. Although employed with numbers using hundreds of digits, the math behind RSA is relatively straight-forward.

    To create an RSA public/private key pair, here are the basic steps:

    1. Choose two prime numbers, p and q. From these numbers you can calculate the modulus, n = pq.
    2. Select a third number, e, that is relatively prime to (i.e., it does not divide evenly into) the product (p-1)(q-1). The number e is the public exponent.
    3. Calculate an integer d from the quotient (ed-1)/[(p-1)(q-1)]. The number d is the private exponent.

    The public key is the number pair (n,e), VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. Although these values are publicly known, it is computationally infeasible to determine d from n and e if p and q are large enough.

    To encrypt a message, M, with the public key, create the ciphertext, C, using the equation:

    The receiver then decrypts the ciphertext with the private key using the equation:

    Now, this might look a bit complex and, indeed, the mathematics does take a lot of computer power given the large size of the numbers; since p and q may be 100 digits (decimal) or more, d and e will be about the same size and n may be over 200 digits. Nevertheless, a simple example may help. In this example, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, the values for p, q, e, and d are purposely chosen to be very small and the reader will see exactly how badly these values perform, but hopefully the algorithm will be adequately demonstrated:

    1. Select p=3 and q=5.
    2. The modulus n = pq = 15.
    3. The value e must be relatively prime to (p-1)(q-1) = (2)(4) = 8. Select e=11.
    4. The value d must be chosen so that (ed-1)/[(p-1)(q-1)] is an integer. Thus, the value (11d-1)/[(2)(4)] = (11d-1)/8 must be an integer. Calculate one possible value, d=3.
    5. Let's suppose that we VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen to send a message — maybe a secret key — that has the numeric value of 7 (i.e., M=7). [More on this choice below.]
    6. The sender encrypts the message (M) using the public key value (e,n)=(11,15) and computes the ciphertext (C) with the formula C = 711 mod 15 = 1977326743 mod 15 = 13.
    7. The receiver decrypts the ciphertext using the private key value (d,n)=(3,15) and computes the plaintext with the formula M = 133 mod 15 = 2197 mod 15 = 7.

    I choose this trivial example because the value of n is so small (in particular, the value M cannot exceed n). But here is a more realistic example using larger d, e, and n values, as well as a more meaningful message; thanks to Barry Steyn for permission to use values from his How RSA Works With Examples page.

    Let's say that we have chosen p and q so that we have the following value for n:

    14590676800758332323018693934907063529240187237535716439958187
    10198734387990053589383695714026701498021218180862924674228281
    57022922076746906543401224889672472407926969987100581290103199
    31785875366371086235765651050788371429711563734278891146353510
    2712032765166518411726859837988672111837205085526346618740053

    Let's also suppose that we have selected the public key, e, and private key, d, as follows:

    65537

    89489425009274444368228545921773093919669586065884257445497854
    45648767483962981839093494197326287961679797060891728367987549
    93315741611138540888132754881105882471930775825272784379065040
    15680623423550067240042466665654232383502922215493623289472138
    866445818789127946123407807725702626644091036502372545139713

    Now suppose that our message (M) is the character string "attack at dawn" which has the numeric value (after converting the ASCII characters to a bit string and interpreting that bit string as a decimal number) of 1976620216402300889624482718775150.

    The encryption phase uses the formula C = Me mod n, so C has the value:

    35052111338673026690212423937053328511880760811579981620642802
    34668581062310985023594304908097338624111378404079470419397821
    53784997654130836464387847409523069325349451950801838615742252
    26218879827232453912820596886440377536082465681750074417459151
    485407445862511023472235560823053497791518928820272257787786

    The decryption phase uses the formula M = Cd mod n, so M has the value that matches our original plaintext:

    1976620216402300889624482718775150

    This more realistic example gives just a clue as to how large the numbers are that are used in the real world implementations. RSA keylengths of 512 and 768 bits are considered to be pretty weak. The minimum suggested RSA key is 1024 bits; 2048 and 3072 bits are even better.

    As an aside, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, Adam Back (http://www.cypherspace.org/~adam/) wrote a two-line Perl script to implement RSA. It employs dc, an arbitrary precision arithmetic package that ships with most UNIX systems:

    Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

    WIDOWS START AND SEARCH FAIL FROM VIRUS

    Scan result of Farbar Recovery Scan Tool (FRST) (x64) Version: 28-04-2021

    Ran by Akintola (administrator) on AKINTOLA (HP HP Spectre x360 VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen 13-w0XX) (29-04-2021 04:01:16)

    Running from C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads

    Loaded Profiles: Akintola

    Platform: Windows 10 Home Version 20H2 19042.928 (X64) Language: English (United States)

    Default browser: "C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Application\CCleanerBrowser.exe" --single-argument %1

    Boot Mode: Normal

     

    ==================== Processes (Whitelisted) =================

     

    (If an entry is included in the fixlist, the process will be closed. The file will not be moved.)

     

    (Adobe Inc, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. -> Adobe Systems, Incorporated) C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Adobe\AdobeGCClient\AGMService.exe

    (Adobe Inc. -> Adobe Systems, Incorporated) C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Adobe\AdobeGCClient\AGSService.exe

    (Adobe Systems, Incorporated -> Adobe Systems Incorporated) C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Adobe\ARM\1.0\armsvc.exe

    (Apple Inc. -> Apple Inc.) C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Apple\Internet Services\ApplePhotoStreams.exe

    (Apple Inc. -> Apple Inc.) C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Apple\Internet Services\iCloudServices.exe

    (Apple Inc. -> Apple Inc.) C:\Program Files\Bonjour\mDNSResponder.exe

    (Apple Inc. -> Apple Inc.) C:\Program Files\Common Files\Apple\Mobile Device Support\AppleMobileDeviceService.exe

    (Autodesk, Inc. -> Autodesk Inc.) C:\Program Files (x86)\Autodesk\Autodesk Desktop App\AdAppMgrSvc.exe

    (Autodesk, Inc. -> Autodesk) C:\Program Files (x86)\Autodesk\Autodesk Desktop App\AcWebBrowser\AcWebBrowser.exe <3>

    (Autodesk, Inc. -> Autodesk, Inc.) C:\Autodesk\Network License Manager\adskflex.exe

    (Autodesk, Inc. -> Autodesk, Inc.) C:\Program Files (x86)\Autodesk\Autodesk Desktop App\AutodeskDesktopApp.exe

    (Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender) C:\Program Files\Bitdefender Agent\DiscoverySrv.exe

    (Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender) C:\Program Files\Bitdefender Agent\ProductAgentService.exe

    (Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender) C:\Program Files\Bitdefender Antivirus Free\bdagent.exe

    (Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender) C:\Program Files\Bitdefender Antivirus Free\bdredline.exe

    (Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender) C:\Program Files\Bitdefender Antivirus Free\updatesrv.exe

    (Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender) C:\Program Files\Bitdefender Antivirus Free\vsserv.exe

    (Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender) C:\Program Files\Bitdefender Antivirus Free\vsservppl.exe

    (Dassault Systèmes SolidWorks Corporation) [File not signed] C:\DS.SolidWorks.2019.SP5.0.Premium\DS.SolidWorks.2019.SP5.0.Premium\_SolidSQUAD_\SolidWorks_Flexnet_Server\sw_d.exe

    (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.) VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\Dropbox.exe <3>

    (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.) C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Update\DropboxUpdate.exe

    (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.) C:\Windows\System32\DbxSvc.exe

    (Dropbox, Inc -> The Qt Company Ltd.) C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\120.4.4598\QtWebEngineProcess.exe <3>

    (EVERNOTE CORPORATION -> Evernote Corp., 305 Walnut Street, Redwood City, CA 94063) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\Evernote\Evernote\EvernoteClipper.exe

    (Flexera Software LLC -> Flexera Software LLC) C:\Autodesk\Network License Manager\lmgrd.exe <2>

    (Flexera Software LLC -> Flexera Software LLC) C:\DS.SolidWorks.2019.SP5.0.Premium\DS.SolidWorks.2019.SP5.0.Premium\_SolidSQUAD_\SolidWorks_Flexnet_Server\lmgrd.exe <2>

    (Flexera Software LLC -> Flexera Software LLC) C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Macrovision Shared\FlexNet Publisher\FNPLicensingService.exe

    (Flexera Software LLC -> Flexera) C:\Program Files\Common Files\Macrovision Shared\FlexNet Publisher\FNPLicensingService64.exe

    (Google LLC -> Google LLC) C:\Program Files (x86)\Google\Chrome\Application\chrome.exe <20>

    (Google LLC -> Google) C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\SwReporter\90.260.200\software_reporter_tool.exe <4>

    (Hewlett-Packard Company -> HP) C:\Program Files (x86)\HP\Shared\hpqwmiex.exe

    (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.) C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Solutions\HPSupportSolutionsFrameworkService.exe

    (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.) C:\Program Files (x86)\HP\HP JumpStart Bridge\HPJumpStartBridge.exe

    (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.) C:\Program Files (x86)\HP\HP System Event\HPWMISVC.exe

    (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.) C:\Program Files\HP\HP Orbit Service\HPOrbitService.exe

    (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.) C:\Program Files\HP\HP Touchpoint Analytics Client\TouchpointAnalyticsClientService.exe

    (HP Inc. -> HP) C:\Program Files\HP\HP Orbit\HPOrbit.exe

    (HP Inc.) [File not signed] C:\Program Files\HPCommRecovery\HPCommRecovery.exe

    (Intel Corporation -> Intel Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\Intel\DPTF\dptf_helper.exe

    (Intel Corporation -> Intel Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\Intel\DPTF\esif_uf.exe

    (Intel Corporation -> Intel® Half-Life - Counter-strike 1.6 crack serial keygen C:\Program Files\Common Files\Intel\WirelessCommon\RegSrvc.exe

    (Intel Corporation -> Intel® Corporation) C:\Program Files\Intel\WiFi\bin\EvtEng.exe

    (Intel Corporation -> Intel® Corporation) C:\Program Files\Intel\WiFi\bin\ZeroConfigService.exe

    (Intel® Embedded Subsystems and IP Blocks Group -> Intel Corporation) C:\Program Files (x86)\Intel\Intel® Management Engine Components\LMS\LMS.exe

    (Intel® Embedded Subsystems and IP Blocks Group -> Intel Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\DriverStore\FileRepository\dal.inf_amd64_ffc75848a6342fdf\jhi_service.exe

    (Intel® pGFX -> Intel Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\DriverStore\FileRepository\ki130350.inf_amd64_696b7c6764071b63\igfxCUIService.exe

    (Intel® pGFX -> Intel Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\DriverStore\FileRepository\ki130350.inf_amd64_696b7c6764071b63\igfxEM.exe

    (Intel® pGFX -> Intel Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\DriverStore\FileRepository\ki130350.inf_amd64_696b7c6764071b63\IntelCpHDCPSvc.exe

    (Intel® pGFX -> Intel Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\DriverStore\FileRepository\ki130350.inf_amd64_696b7c6764071b63\IntelCpHeciSvc.exe

    (Intel® Software Development Products -> Intel Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\DriverStore\FileRepository\sgx_psw.inf_amd64_62a0e7f4cd3e6c99\aesm_service.exe

    (Intel® Trust Services -> Intel® Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\DriverStore\FileRepository\iclsclient.inf_amd64_75ffca5eec865b4b\lib\SocketHeciServer.exe

    (Intel® Wireless Connectivity Solutions -> Intel Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\ibtsiva.exe

    (LAVASOFT SOFTWARE CANADA INC -> ) Octoplus lg crack Archives Files (x86)\Lavasoft\Web Companion\Application\Lavasoft.WCAssistant.WinService.exe

    (LAVASOFT SOFTWARE CANADA INC -> Lavasoft) C:\Program Files (x86)\Lavasoft\Web Companion\Application\WebCompanion.exe

    (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation) C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft SQL Server\90\Shared\sqlbrowser.exe

    (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation) C:\Program Files\Common Files\microsoft shared\ClickToRun\OfficeClickToRun.exe

    (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation) C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\90\Shared\sqlwriter.exe

    (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation) C:\ProgramData\SOLIDWORKS Electrical\MSSQL12.TEW_SQLEXPRESS\MSSQL\Binn\sqlservr.exe

    (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation) C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Microsoft\OneDrive\OneDrive.exe

    (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation) C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework64\v3.0\WPF\PresentationFontCache.exe

    (Microsoft Windows -> Microsoft Corporation) C:\Windows\ImmersiveControlPanel\SystemSettings.exe

    (Microsoft Windows -> Microsoft Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\CompatTelRunner.exe <2>

    (Microsoft Windows -> Microsoft Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\dllhost.exe <2>

    (Microsoft Windows -> Microsoft Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\MoUsoCoreWorker.exe

    (Microsoft Windows -> VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\oobe\UserOOBEBroker.exe

    (Microsoft Windows -> Microsoft Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\smartscreen.exe

    (Microsoft Windows -> Microsoft Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\wlanext.exe

    (Microsoft Windows -> Microsoft Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\WWAHost.exe

    (Oracle America, Inc. -> Oracle Corporation) C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Java\Java Update\jusched.exe

    (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software Ltd) C:\Program Files\CCleaner\CCleaner64.exe

    (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software) C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Application\CCleanerBrowser.exe <18>

    (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software) C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Update\1.8.1067.0\CCleanerBrowserCrashHandler.exe

    (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software) C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Update\1.8.1067.0\CCleanerBrowserCrashHandler64.exe

    (RayShare Co.,Ltd -> ) C:\Program Files (x86)\Aiseesoft Studio\FoneLab\AppService.exe

    (Realtek Semiconductor Corp. -> Realtek Semiconductor) C:\Program Files\Realtek\Audio\HDA\RAVBg64.exe

    (Realtek Semiconductor Corp. -> Realtek Semiconductor) C:\Program Files\Realtek\Audio\HDA\RtkAudioService64.exe

    (Realtek Semiconductor Corp. -> Realtek Semiconductor) C:\Program Files\Realtek\Audio\HDA\RtkNGUI64.exe

    (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION -> SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\Event Manager\EEventManager.exe

    (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION -> SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\FAX Utility\FUFAXRCV.exe

    (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION -> Seiko Epson Corporation) C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\PMA_A\PMA.exe

    (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION -> Seiko Epson Corporation) C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\PMA_A\PMAService.exe

    (SEIKO EPSON Corporation -> Seiko Epson Corporation) C:\Windows\System32\escsvc64.exe

    (Synaptics Incorporated -> Synaptics Incorporated) C:\Windows\System32\SynTPEnh.exe

    (Synaptics Incorporated -> Synaptics Incorporated) C:\Windows\System32\SynTPEnhService.exe

    (TechSmith Corporation -> TechSmith Corporation) C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\TechSmith Shared\Uploader\UploaderService.exe

    (TechSmith Corporation -> TechSmith Corporation) C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\Snagit32.exe

    (TechSmith Corporation -> TechSmith Corporation) C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\SnagitEditor.exe

    (TechSmith Corporation -> TechSmith Corporation) C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\SnagPriv.exe

    (WhatsApp, Inc -> WhatsApp) C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\WhatsApp\app-2.2114.9\WhatsApp.exe <7>

    (Wondershare Technology Co.,Ltd -> Wondershare) C:\Program Files (x86)\Wondershare\dr.fone\Library\DriverInstaller\DriverInstall.exe

    (Wondershare Technology Co.,Ltd -> Wondershare) C:\Program Files (x86)\Wondershare\WAF3\3.0.0.308\WsAppService3.exe

    Failed to access process -> SearchApp.exe

    Failed to access process -> SearchApp.exe

     

    ==================== Registry (Whitelisted) ===================

     

    (If an entry is included in the fixlist, the registry item will be restored to default or removed. The file will not be moved.)

     

    HKLM\.\Run: [RTHDVCPL] => C:\Program Files\Realtek\Audio\HDA\RtkNGUI64.exe [9270208 2018-04-11] (Realtek Semiconductor Corp. -> Realtek Semiconductor)

    HKLM\.\Run: [RtHDVBg_Session] => C:\Program Files\Realtek\Audio\HDA\RAVBg64.exe [1505728 2018-04-11] (Realtek Semiconductor Corp. -> Realtek Semiconductor)

    HKLM\.\Run: [RtsCM] => C:\WINDOWS\RTSCM64.EXE [234016 2016-09-26] (Realtek Semiconductor Corp. -> Realtek Semiconductor Corp.)

    HKLM\.\Run: [AdobeGCInvoker-1.0] => C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Adobe\AdobeGCClient\AGCInvokerUtility.exe [3412680 2021-02-17] (Adobe Inc. -> Adobe Systems, Incorporated)

    HKLM\.\Run: [TechSmithSnagit] => C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\Snagit32.exe [8971744 2019-02-11] (TechSmith Corporation -> TechSmith Corporation)

    HKLM-x32\.\Run: [HPMessageService] => C:\Program Files (x86)\HP\HP System Event\HPMSGSVC.exe [705784 2016-06-20] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

    HKLM-x32\.\Run: [Dropbox] => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\Dropbox.exe [7991528 2021-04-12] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

    HKLM-x32\.\Run: [GrooveMonitor] => C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\Office12\GrooveMonitor.exe [31016 2006-10-27] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

    HKLM-x32\.\Run: [EEventManager] => C:\Program Files (x86)\Epson Software\Event Manager\EEventManager.exe [1092304 2016-03-14] (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION -> SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION)

    HKLM-x32\.\Run: [FUFAXRCV] => C:\Program Files (x86)\Epson Software\FAX Utility\FUFAXRCV.exe [653352 2017-02-16] (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION -> SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION)

    HKLM-x32\.\Run: [FUFAXSTM] => C:\Program Files (x86)\Epson Software\FAX Utility\FUFAXSTM.exe [862248 2017-02-16] (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION -> SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION)

    HKLM-x32\.\Run: [Autodesk Desktop App] => C:\Program Files (x86)\Autodesk\Autodesk Desktop App\AutodeskDesktopApp.exe [707416 2018-01-10] (Autodesk, Inc. -> Autodesk, Inc.)

    HKLM-x32\.\Run: [SunJavaUpdateSched] => C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Java\Java Update\jusched.exe [601424 2018-12-16] (Oracle America, Inc. -> Oracle Corporation)

    HKLM-x32\.\Run: [FoneLabAppService] => C:\Program Files (x86)\Aiseesoft Studio\FoneLab\AppService.exe [80600 2019-07-17] (RayShare Co.,Ltd -> )

    HKLM-x32\.\Run: [Adobe ARM] => C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Adobe\ARM\1.0\AdobeARM.exe [959904 2014-05-08] (Adobe Systems, Incorporated -> Adobe Systems Incorporated)

    HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\.\Run: [Chromium] => "c:\users\newuser\appdata\local\chromium\application\chrome.exe" --auto-launch-at-startup --profile-directory=Default --restore-last-session

    HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\.\Run: [iCloudServices] => C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Apple\Internet Services\iCloudServices.exe [43816 2014-08-08] (Apple Inc. -> Apple Inc.)

    HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\.\Run: [ApplePhotoStreams] => C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Apple\Internet Services\ApplePhotoStreams.exe [43816 2014-08-14] (Apple Inc. -> Apple Inc.)

    HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\.\Run: [Web Companion] => C:\Program Files (x86)\Lavasoft\Web Companion\Application\WebCompanion.exe [8520168 2021-03-01] (LAVASOFT SOFTWARE CANADA INC -> Lavasoft)

    HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\.\Run: [CCleaner Smart Cleaning] => C:\Program Files\CCleaner\CCleaner64.exe [33169992 2021-03-18] (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software Ltd)

    HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\.\Policies\Explorer: [] 

    HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\.\Policies\Explorer: [NoChangeStartMenu] 0

    HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\.\Policies\Explorer: [NoLogOff] 0

    HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1004\.\Policies\Explorer: VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen 0

    HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1004\.\Policies\Explorer: [NoLogOff] 0

    HKLM\.\Windows x64\Print Processors\Canon MP250 series Print Processor: C:\Windows\System32\spool\prtprocs\x64\CNMPD9W.DLL [28672 2010-04-24] (Microsoft Windows Hardware Compatibility Publisher -> CANON INC.)

    HKLM\.\Print\Monitors\Canon BJ Language Monitor MP250 series: C:\WINDOWS\system32\CNMLM9W.DLL [336896 2010-04-24] (Microsoft Windows Hardware Compatibility Publisher -> CANON INC.)

    HKLM\.\Print\Monitors\EpsonNet Print Port: C:\WINDOWS\system32\enppmon.dll [500736 2016-09-14] (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed]

    HKLM\.\Print\Monitors\pdfcmon: C:\WINDOWS\system32\pdfcmon.dll [116224 2020-02-15] (pdfforge GmbH) [File not signed]

    HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Active Setup\Installed Components: [{052EB454-9F19-CB42-7875-807F79F311C4}] -> C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Application\90.0.9199.75\Installer\chrmstp.exe VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software)

    HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Active Setup\Installed Components: VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Google\Chrome\Application\90.0.4430.93\Installer\chrmstp.exe [2021-04-26] (Google LLC -> Google LLC)

    Startup: C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup\HP JumpStart Launch.lnk [2017-06-17]

    ShortcutTarget: HP JumpStart Launch.lnk -> c:\Windows\Installer\{B90CB0DE-2E60-41C4-9857-466EB98192BF}\HPlogo_blue.ico () [File not signed]

    Startup: C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup\EvernoteClipper.lnk [2017-08-26]

    ShortcutTarget: EvernoteClipper.lnk -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Evernote\Evernote\EvernoteClipper.exe (EVERNOTE CORPORATION -> Evernote Corp., 305 Walnut Street, Redwood City, CA 94063) [File not signed]

    Startup: C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup\HP Orbit.lnk [2019-10-08]

    ShortcutTarget: HP Orbit.lnk -> C:\Program Files\HP\HP Orbit\HPOrbit.exe (HP Inc. -> HP)

     

    ==================== Scheduled Tasks (Whitelisted) ============

     

    (If an entry is included in the fixlist, it will be removed from the registry. The file will not be moved unless listed separately.)

     

    Task: {044B0525-5032-4082-9EC2-3E791CE4EF63} - System32\Tasks\AVG\Overseer => C:\Program Files\AVG\Antivirus\setup\overseer.exe

    Task: {0C2B7F41-7E97-40C4-8E8C-2D0E72711F1B} - System32\Tasks\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Assistant\HP Support Solutions Framework Report => C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Solutions\Modules\HPSFReport.exe [136304 2021-03-30] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

    Task: {0E9BB697-FA27-4938-946B-C89B2FF49E64} - System32\Tasks\CCleaner Browser Heartbeat Task (Logon) => C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Application\CCleanerBrowser.exe [2269864 2021-04-14] (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software)

    Task: {11210424-8E8D-454A-A7D0-F4C948A732AE} - System32\Tasks\Microsoft\Office\OfficeTelemetryAgentFallBack2016 => C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\msoia.exe [4002744 2021-04-16] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

    Task: {153DEF9A-22F2-4504-BA92-E04A678443DC} - System32\Tasks\GoogleUpdateTaskMachineCore => C:\Program Files (x86)\Google\Update\GoogleUpdate.exe [156104 2020-01-08] (Google LLC -> Google LLC)

    Task: {164A2F57-6D21-41A2-9D8C-10532A51A158} - System32\Tasks\CreateExplorerShellUnelevatedTask => C:\WINDOWS\explorer.exe /NOUACCHECK

    Task: {189D7B2D-6ABE-4265-A53F-221A6AA9FEEF} - System32\Tasks\Intel\Thunderbolt\Start Thunderbolt application when hardware VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen detected => C:\Program Files (x86)\Intel\Thunderbolt Software\\ConditionalAppStarter.exe [222944 2016-08-15] (Intel® Client Connectivity Division SW -> Intel Corporation)

    Task: {26883ED4-F76C-4264-85E3-BDCF4CA59605} - System32\Tasks\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Assistant\Product Configurator => C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Framework\Resources\ProductConfig.exe [352368 2021-03-26] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

    Task: {27873F9C-09D3-4821-A389-D506538C987D} - System32\Tasks\Hewlett-Packard\HP Active Health\HP Active Health Scan (HPSA) => C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Framework\Resources\HPActiveHealth\ActiveHealth.exe [25128 2017-11-19] (HP Inc. -> )

    Task: {2D5FFA0C-2BAA-4C55-94E5-D5EAB0B30F5A} - System32\Tasks\HPJumpStartProvider => C:\Program Files (x86)\HP\HP JumpStart Bridge\HPJumpStartProvider.exe

    Task: {2F00182B-E020-430D-9DFA-F36CAFA1D1EC} - System32\Tasks\EPSON WF-3620 Series Invitation {915B2F08-D93F-4A7B-9F26-2209A1823C9A} => C:\WINDOWS\system32\spool\DRIVERS\x64\3\E_YTSKEE.EXE [679488 2013-02-28] (SEIKO EPSON Corporation -> SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION)

    Task: {35CC6033-1AF3-4152-94E0-A325AC4D4EA0} - System32\Tasks\CCleanerSkipUAC => C:\Program Files\CCleaner\CCleaner.exe [27616328 2021-03-18] (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software Ltd)

    Task: {3618E130-057C-4325-A7CB-C9956DBC1F6B} - VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen HP DeskJet 3700 series => C:\Program Files\HP\HP DeskJet 3700 series\Bin\HPCustPartic.exe [6439048 2018-04-06] (Hewlett Packard -> HP Inc.)

    Task: {37512838-E321-450C-AF19-26939EA62573} - System32\Tasks\MySQL\Installer\ManifestUpdate => C:\Program Files (x86)\MySQL\MySQL Installer for Windows\MySQLInstallerConsole.exe [70016 2019-03-01] (Oracle America, Inc. -> Oracle Corporation)

    Task: {3DC14074-2942-4FC7-8BBC-E23435ABC3E1} - System32\Tasks\DropboxUpdateTaskMachineCore => VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen Files (x86)\Dropbox\Update\DropboxUpdate.exe [143144 2017-07-11] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

    Task: {4531D6E3-9051-477E-BC97-49E5B607FDBE} - System32\Tasks\DriverToolkit Autorun => C:\Program Files (x86)\DriverToolkit\DriverToolkit.exe

    Task: {4D58F3C7-7E1C-45C1-AE88-2BEE01448D4D} - System32\Tasks\EPSON WF-3620 Series Invitation {8D4735D6-0961-45A7-BA1D-B575C7F10732} => C:\WINDOWS\system32\spool\DRIVERS\x64\3\E_YTSKEE.EXE [679488 2013-02-28] (SEIKO EPSON Corporation -> SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION)

    Task: {4F1FD920-3AE1-4307-8D26-52A3D30F851D} - System32\Tasks\CCleanerUpdateTaskMachineUA => C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Update\CCleanerBrowserUpdate.exe [200928 2021-03-25] (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software)

    Task: {5B69485E-6048-4F9E-9055-149B3010CE3E} - System32\Tasks\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Assistant\WarrantyChecker_DeviceScan => C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Framework\Resources\HPWarrantyCheck\HPWarrantyChecker.exe [1136984 2020-09-17] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

    Task: {5E3D5F68-D742-47EC-9613-C25754E1C8B3} - System32\Tasks\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Assistant\HP Support Assistant Quick Start => C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Framework\HPSF.exe [1506648 2020-08-20] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

    Task: {60980293-B892-4CD0-A7D5-CDD1A2E4DA5F} - System32\Tasks\Mozilla\Firefox Default Browser Agent 308046B0AF4A39CB => C:\Program Files\Mozilla VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen [696816 2021-04-17] (Mozilla Corporation -> Mozilla Foundation)

    Task: {6102A59E-1AC3-48C5-88D8-5B66BEB4AA50} - System32\Tasks\Microsoft\Office\Office Feature Updates => C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\sdxhelper.exe [114008 2021-04-26] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

    Task: {6EB8289A-411B-4DAC-A5E6-9DFC071EC789} - System32\Tasks\Intel\Thunderbolt\Start Thunderbolt application on login if service is up => C:\Program Files (x86)\Intel\Thunderbolt Software\\ConditionalAppStarter.exe [222944 2016-08-15] (Intel® Client Connectivity Division SW -> Intel Corporation)

    Task: {6FA02AFB-9642-4CF0-8880-60DB8DC6771C} - System32\Tasks\DropboxUpdateTaskMachineUA => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Update\DropboxUpdate.exe [143144 2017-07-11] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

    Task: {753A5243-EA2F-4F8B-BAF2-6858829760B6} - System32\Tasks\Yandex Browser system update => C:\Program Files (x86)\Yandex\YandexBrowser\18.3.1.1232\service_update.exe

    Task: {7D65496F-AE52-46D4-B7B2-F595C79CC592} - System32\Tasks\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Assistant\HP Support Assistant Update Notice => C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Framework\Resources\BingPopup\BingPopup.exe [555640 2021-03-25] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

    Task: {80482E08-FA62-4FB4-9EA2-BD67983C50A2} - System32\Tasks\MATLAB R2017b Startup Accelerator => C:\Program Files\MATLAB\R2017b\bin\win64\MATLABStartupAccelerator.exe

    Task: {80857DE2-4D45-4598-B23A-F0BF0FFCCEAC} - System32\Tasks\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Assistant\WarrantyChecker => C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Framework\Resources\HPWarrantyCheck\HPWarrantyChecker.exe [1136984 2020-09-17] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

    Task: {93E3B430-78E5-492D-9A32-DCD02C02D927} - System32\Tasks\Microsoft\Office\Office Feature Updates Logon => C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\sdxhelper.exe [114008 2021-04-26] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

    Task: {9A197854-46F6-43EF-BC6C-4D6D2183D113} - System32\Tasks\AdobeGCInvoker-1.0 => C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Adobe\AdobeGCClient\AGCInvokerUtility.exe [3412680 2021-02-17] (Adobe Inc. -> Adobe Systems, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, Incorporated)

    Task: {9EB15162-D21C-47C7-9E24-EFAEE03CF15F} - System32\Tasks\BraveSoftwareUpdateTaskUserS-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001UA => C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\BraveSoftware\Update\BraveUpdate.exe

    Task: {9F0BCAC0-4910-40AE-9B54-2C6B57B12F70} - System32\Tasks\CCleaner Browser Heartbeat Task (Hourly) => C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Application\CCleanerBrowser.exe [2269864 2021-04-14] (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software)

    Task: {A636C926-FBEA-4C3F-AB12-EAA707AE20EA} - System32\Tasks\Bitdefender Agent WatchDog_65D6944A0EF74FDAB96E31112AD39864 => C:\Program Files\Bitdefender Agent\WatchDog.exe [888232 2021-01-29] (Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender)

    Task: {AA791271-1EB1-4413-B0E2-767719152798} - System32\Tasks\EPSON WF-3620 Series Update {8D4735D6-0961-45A7-BA1D-B575C7F10732} => C:\WINDOWS\system32\spool\DRIVERS\x64\3\E_YTSKEE.EXE [679488 2013-02-28] (SEIKO EPSON Corporation -> SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION)

    Task: {B0A7B2DF-19D1-4188-B427-3D2267EEAFCC} - System32\Tasks\Microsoft\Office\OfficeTelemetryAgentLogOn2016 => C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\msoia.exe [4002744 2021-04-16] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

    Task: {B1770952-5BE0-4500-85EC-D91F1D2A81EE} - System32\Tasks\EPSON WF-3620 Series Update {915B2F08-D93F-4A7B-9F26-2209A1823C9A} => C:\WINDOWS\system32\spool\DRIVERS\x64\3\E_YTSKEE.EXE [679488 2013-02-28] (SEIKO EPSON Corporation -> SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION)

    Task: {B1ED9F27-9184-4E31-A57D-455E5CCF90DB} - System32\Tasks\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Assistant\HP Support Solutions Framework Updater => C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Solutions\Modules\HPSSFUpdater.exe [665944 2020-08-07] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

    Task: {B378BD3B-DB41-4FCE-9E88-56064AFF25A4} - System32\Tasks\Microsoft\Office\Office Automatic Updates 2.0 => C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\ClickToRun\OfficeC2RClient.exe [23248800 2021-04-21] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

    Task: {BECB0BF4-44A4-442A-9330-ED8679BED078} - System32\Tasks\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Assistant\HP Support Solutions Framework Updater - resources updates => C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Solutions\Modules\HPSSFUpdater.exe [665944 2020-08-07] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

    Task: {C5A6703F-128A-44A6-B768-06818D59DB5C} - System32\Tasks\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Assistant\WarrantyChecker_CN94G6P36D => C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Framework\Resources\HPWarrantyCheck\HPWarrantyChecker.exe [1136984 2020-09-17] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

    Task: {C8EE5C65-A7E8-4BA6-BBA1-C99BB32885A0} - System32\Tasks\GoogleUpdateTaskMachineUA => C:\Program Files (x86)\Google\Update\GoogleUpdate.exe [156104 2020-01-08] (Google LLC -> Google LLC)

    Task: {C91A256A-135D-44D1-A9A6-8AC30C7F97FA} - System32\Tasks\Avast Software\Overseer => C:\Program Files\Common Files\AVAST Software\Overseer\overseer.exe [1791712 2021-02-23] (Avast Software s.r.o, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. -> Avast Software)

    Task: {C94ADCC3-391D-45DB-8B37-A72FA9309358} - System32\Tasks\Intel\Thunderbolt\Start Thunderbolt service when hardware is detected => sc.exe start ThunderboltService

    Task: {CC506C77-51CF-49DC-AD55-F56EA5D0ACB4} - System32\Tasks\BraveSoftwareUpdateTaskUserS-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001Core => C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\BraveSoftware\Update\BraveUpdate.exe

    Task: {D7C2885B-62DE-4CF6-A192-1343FCA70082} - System32\Tasks\CCleaner Update => C:\Program Files\CCleaner\CCUpdate.exe [684976 2021-03-18] (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform)

    Task: {E0CD6891-515C-4AAE-AABA-A97ABF394E8D} - System32\Tasks\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Assistant\HP Support Solutions Framework Updater - Resources => C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Solutions\Modules\HPSSFUpdater.exe [665944 2020-08-07] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

    Task: {E7C14D53-7D75-4A0F-8A81-71A055075DAD} - System32\Tasks\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Assistant\PC Health Analysis => C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Framework\HPSF.exe [1506648 2020-08-20] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

    Task: {F2500C23-89D8-410F-800A-2D2EC741BEFC} - System32\Tasks\CCleanerUpdateTaskMachineCore VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Update\CCleanerBrowserUpdate.exe [200928 2021-03-25] (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software)

    Task: {F775BE1D-80BA-409A-81A2-F73796E1580D} - System32\Tasks\Microsoft\Office\Office ClickToRun Service Monitor => C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\ClickToRun\OfficeC2RClient.exe [23248800 2021-04-21] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

    Task: {F9066F0E-6AD3-4FCC-8C79-AFF269575E9C} - System32\Tasks\Intel\Thunderbolt\Start Thunderbolt service on boot if driver is up => C:\Program Files (x86)\Intel\Thunderbolt Software\\tbtsvc.exe [2015968 2016-08-15] (Intel® Client Connectivity Division SW -> Intel Corporation)

     

    (If an entry is included in the fixlist, the task (.job) file will be moved, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. The file which is running by the task will not be moved.)

     

    Task: C:\WINDOWS\Tasks\Driver Easy Scheduled Scan.job => C:\Program Files\Easeware\DriverEasy\DriverEasy.exe

    Task: C:\WINDOWS\Tasks\DriverToolkit Autorun.job => C:\Program Files (x86)\DriverToolkit\DriverToolkit.exe

    Task: C:\WINDOWS\Tasks\DropboxUpdateTaskMachineCore.job => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Update\DropboxUpdate.exe

    Task: C:\WINDOWS\Tasks\DropboxUpdateTaskMachineUA.job => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Update\DropboxUpdate.exe

    Task: C:\WINDOWS\Tasks\EPSON WF-3620 Series Invitation {8D4735D6-0961-45A7-BA1D-B575C7F10732}.job => C:\WINDOWS\system32\spool\DRIVERS\x64\3\E_YTSKEE.EXE

    Task: C:\WINDOWS\Tasks\EPSON WF-3620 Series Invitation {915B2F08-D93F-4A7B-9F26-2209A1823C9A}.job => C:\WINDOWS\system32\spool\DRIVERS\x64\3\E_YTSKEE.EXE

    Task: C:\WINDOWS\Tasks\EPSON WF-3620 Series Update {8D4735D6-0961-45A7-BA1D-B575C7F10732}.job => C:\WINDOWS\system32\spool\DRIVERS\x64\3\E_YTSKEE.EXE:/EXE:{8D4735D6-0961-45A7-BA1D-B575C7F10732} /F:UpdateWORKGROUP\AKINTOLA$ĊSearches for EPSON software updates, and notifies you when updates are available.If this task is disabled or stopped, your EPSON software will not be automatically kept up to date.Thi

    Task: C:\WINDOWS\Tasks\EPSON WF-3620 Series Update {915B2F08-D93F-4A7B-9F26-2209A1823C9A}.job ample sound vst Archives C:\WINDOWS\system32\spool\DRIVERS\x64\3\E_YTSKEE.EXE:/EXE:{915B2F08-D93F-4A7B-9F26-2209A1823C9A} /F:UpdateWORKGROUP\AKINTOLA$ĊSearches for EPSON software updates, and notifies you when updates are available.If this task is disabled or stopped, your EPSON software will not be automatically kept up to date.Thi

    Task: C:\WINDOWS\Tasks\HPCeeScheduleForAkintola.job => C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Ceement\HPCEE.exe

    Task: C:\WINDOWS\Tasks\MATLAB R2017b Startup Accelerator.job => C:\Program Files\MATLAB\R2017b\bin\win64\MATLABStartupAccelerator.exe

    Task: C:\WINDOWS\Tasks\Yandex Browser system update.job => C:\Program Files (x86)\Yandex\YandexBrowser\18.3.1.1232\service_update.exe

     

    ==================== Internet (Whitelisted) ====================

     

    (If an item is included in the fixlist, if it is a registry item it will be removed or restored to default.)

     

    Tcpip\Parameters: [DhcpNameServer] 192.168.128.1

    Tcpip\.\Interfaces\{326e41d1-ab93-47ed-a214-afcec1393aa8}: [NameServer] 8.8.8.8

    Tcpip\.\Interfaces\{7cf74c9f-7c2d-49c4-aa9c-8587a9a410a7}: [DhcpNameServer] 10.16.0.1

    Tcpip\.\Interfaces\{7ed62ea6-9169-4d4f-b4f1-33b2a4aab407}: [NameServer] 8.8.8.8

    Tcpip\.\Interfaces\{7ed62ea6-9169-4d4f-b4f1-33b2a4aab407}: [DhcpNameServer] 192.168.128.1

    Tcpip\.\Interfaces\{a68c791b-53e5-11e7-a7fc-806e6f6e6963}: [NameServer] 8.8.8.8

    Tcpip\.\Interfaces\{b845433a-070d-4d0d-bfbc-2b7d914b72c6}: [NameServer] 8.8.8.8

    Tcpip\.\Interfaces\{b845433a-070d-4d0d-bfbc-2b7d914b72c6}: [DhcpNameServer] 8.8.8.8

    HKLM\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Internet Explorer: Restriction <==== ATTENTION

     

    Edge: 

    =======

    DownloadDir: C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads

    Edge Extension: (No Name) -> AutoFormFill_5ED10D46BD7E47DEB1F3685D2C0FCE08 => C:\Windows\SystemApps\Microsoft.MicrosoftEdge_8wekyb3d8bbwe\Assets\HostExtensions\AutoFormFill [not found]

    Edge Extension: (No Name) -> BookReader_B171F20233094AC88D05A8EF7B9763E8 => C:\Windows\SystemApps\Microsoft.MicrosoftEdge_8wekyb3d8bbwe\Assets\BookViewer [not found]

    Edge Extension: (No Name) -> LearningTools_7706F933-971C-41D1-9899-8A026EB5D824 => C:\Windows\SystemApps\Microsoft.MicrosoftEdge_8wekyb3d8bbwe\Assets\HostExtensions\LearningTools [not found]

    Edge Extension: (No Name) -> PinJSAPI_EC01B57063BE468FAB6DB7EBFC3BF368 => C:\Windows\SystemApps\Microsoft.MicrosoftEdge_8wekyb3d8bbwe\Assets\HostExtensions\PinJSAPI [not found]

    Edge DefaultProfile: Default

    Edge Profile: C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Edge\User Data\Default [2021-04-25]

    Edge HomePage: Default -> hxxp://www.google.com/

    Edge DefaultSearchURL: Default -> hxxps://movixhub.searchalgo.com/search/?category=web&s=shds&q={searchTerms}

    Edge DefaultSearchKeyword: Default -> MovixHub

    Edge DefaultSuggestURL: Default -> hxxps://sug.searchalgo.com/search/index_sg.php?q={searchTerms}

    Edge VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen (My Converter Hub) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Edge\User Data\Default\Extensions\agoodnhfnmgjieolpjbcbfofhecapfkd [2020-08-09]

    Edge Extension: (Grammarly for Microsoft Edge) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Edge\User Data\Default\Extensions\cnlefmmeadmemmdciolhbnfeacpdfbkd [2021-04-02]

    Edge Extension: (Google Scholar Button) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Edge\User Data\Default\Extensions\fciokoalnclhnonofghacdplgpafdcgl [2020-08-09]

    Edge Extension: (Dashlane - Password Manager) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Edge\User Data\Default\Extensions\fdjamakpfbbddfjaooikfcpapjohcfmg [2021-04-02]

    Edge Extension: (Clipbrd Beta) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Edge\User Data\Default\Extensions\febnkhppinonnjgfjdigiipdajophkkk [2020-08-09]

    Edge Extension: (Cisco Webex Extension) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Edge\User Data\Default\Extensions\ikdddppdhmjcdfgilpnbkdeggoiicjgo [2021-04-02]

    Edge Extension: (Mega Media Start) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Edge\User Data\Default\Extensions\ipppaabbmnphdfjcnbjjbmimefomegjd [2020-08-09]

    Edge Extension: (MovixHub) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Edge\User Data\Default\Extensions\knmaplknmljolhemkdmfahdfgddflgcd [2020-08-09]

    Edge Extension: (Advertisements by FaxBetter) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Edge\User Data\Default\Extensions\monhibmpaiooeijgnpcoondnmjlhchgd [2020-11-15]

     

    FireFox:

    ========

    FF DefaultProfile: x76drcog.default

    FF ProfilePath: C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\Mozilla\Firefox\Profiles\x76drcog.default [2021-04-29]

    FF Homepage: Mozilla\Firefox\Profiles\x76drcog.default -> hxxps://segoonow.com/homepage?hp=1&bitmask=9996&pId=IC150206&iDate=2018-12-28 05:00:26&bName=

    FF NewTab: Mozilla\Firefox\Profiles\x76drcog.default -> hxxps://segoonow.com/homepage?hp=1&bitmask=9996&pId=IC150206&iDate=2018-12-28 05:00:26&bName=

    FF Extension: (Firefox Search Test) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\Mozilla\Firefox\Profiles\x76drcog.default\Extensions\[email protected] [2018-02-07] [Legacy]

    FF SearchPlugin: C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\Mozilla\Firefox\Profiles\x76drcog.default\searchplugins\Search Now.xml [2021-03-01]

    FF HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\.\Firefox\Extensions: [{442718d9-475e-452a-b3e1-fb1ee16b8e9f}] - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\Dashlane\6.2052.0.42278\bin\Firefox_Extension\{442718d9-475e-452a-b3e1-fb1ee16b8e9f}

    FF Extension: (No Name) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\Dashlane\6.2052.0.42278\bin\Firefox_Extension\{442718d9-475e-452a-b3e1-fb1ee16b8e9f} [2020-12-21] [not signed]

    FF Plugin: adobe.com/AdobeAAMDetect -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Adobe\OOBE\PDApp\CCM\Utilities\npAdobeAAMDetect64.dll [No File]

    FF Plugin-x32: @java.com/DTPlugin,version=11.201.2 -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jre1.8.0_201\bin\dtplugin\npDeployJava1.dll [2019-01-28] (Oracle America, Inc. -> Oracle Corporation)

    FF Plugin-x32: @java.com/JavaPlugin,version=11.201.2 -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jre1.8.0_201\bin\plugin2\npjp2.dll [2019-01-28] (Oracle America, Inc. -> Oracle Corporation)

    FF Plugin-x32: @microsoft.com/Lync,version=15.0 -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\VFS\ProgramFilesX86\Mozilla Firefox\plugins\npmeetingjoinpluginoc.dll [2021-03-01] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

    FF Plugin-x32: @microsoft.com/SharePoint,version=14.0 -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\NPSPWRAP.DLL [2021-03-01] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

    FF Plugin-x32: @update.ccleanerbrowser.com/CCleaner Browser;version=3 -> C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Update\1.8.1067.0\npCCleanerBrowserUpdate3.dll [2021-03-25] (Piriform VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen Ltd -> Piriform Software)

    FF Plugin-x32: @update.ccleanerbrowser.com/CCleaner Browser;version=9 -> C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Update\1.8.1067.0\npCCleanerBrowserUpdate3.dll [2021-03-25] (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software)

    FF Plugin-x32: @videolan.org/vlc,version=2.2.6 -> C:\Program Files (x86)\VideoLAN\VLC\npvlc.dll [2017-05-24] (VideoLAN -> VideoLAN)

    FF Plugin-x32: Adobe Reader -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Adobe\Reader 11.0\Reader\AIR\nppdf32.dll [2014-05-08] (Adobe Systems, Incorporated -> Adobe Systems Inc.)

    FF Plugin HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001: SkypeForBusinessPlugin-16.2 -> C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Microsoft\SkypeForBusinessPlugin\16.2.0.282\npGatewayNpapi.dll [2018-10-19] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

    FF Plugin HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001: SkypeForBusinessPlugin64-16.2 -> C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Microsoft\SkypeForBusinessPlugin\16.2.0.282\npGatewayNpapi-x64.dll [2018-10-19] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

    FF ExtraCheck: C:\Program Files\mozilla firefox\defaults\pref\bd_js_config.js [2020-05-12] <==== ATTENTION (Points to *.cfg file)

    FF ExtraCheck: C:\Program Files\mozilla firefox\bd_config.cfg [2020-05-12] <==== ATTENTION

     

    Chrome: 

    =======

    CHR Profile: C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default [2021-04-29]

    CHR Notifications: Default -> hxxps://meet.google.com; hxxps://www.reddit.com; hxxps://www.y2mate.com; hxxps://www10.todhamilton.pro; hxxps://www47.darenjarvis.pro; hxxps://www90.todhamilton.pro

    CHR HomePage: Default -> hxxp://www.google.com/

    CHR StartupUrls: Default -> "hxxps://www.google.com/"

    CHR DefaultSearchURL: Default -> hxxps://sport.ultraapps.online/search/?category=web&s=e6ds&vert=sporttv&q={searchTerms}

    CHR DefaultSearchKeyword: Default -> Ultra Sports Search

    CHR DefaultSuggestURL: Default -> hxxps://sug.ultraapps.online/search/index_sg.php?q={searchTerms}

    CHR Extension: (Slides) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\aapocclcgogkmnckokdopfmhonfmgoek [2017-10-12]

    CHR Extension: (Docs) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\aohghmighlieiainnegkcijnfilokake [2017-10-12]

    CHR Extension: (Google Drive) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\apdfllckaahabafndbhieahigkjlhalf [2020-11-13]

    CHR Extension: (YouTube) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\blpcfgokakmgnkcojhhkbfbldkacnbeo [2017-08-11]

    CHR Extension: (Honey) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\bmnlcjabgnpnenekpadlanbbkooimhnj [2021-04-29]

    CHR Extension: (Dashlane - Password Manager) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\fdjamakpfbbddfjaooikfcpapjohcfmg [2021-04-29]

    CHR Extension: (Clipbrd Beta) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\febnkhppinonnjgfjdigiipdajophkkk [2018-08-30]

    CHR Extension: (Sheets) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\felcaaldnbdncclmgdcncolpebgiejap [2017-10-12]

    CHR Extension: (Google Docs Offline) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\ghbmnnjooekpmoecnnnilnnbdlolhkhi [2021-04-21]

    CHR Extension: (Ultra Sports Search) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\gkhibccnaniojmnefhlmknfeopkhbmff [2020-03-14]

    CHR Extension: (Cisco Webex Extension) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\jlhmfgmfgeifomenelglieieghnjghma [2021-04-11]

    CHR Extension: (Grammarly for Chrome) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\kbfnbcaeplbcioakkpcpgfkobkghlhen [2021-04-29]

    CHR Extension: (Google Scholar Button) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\ldipcbpaocekfooobnbcddclnhejkcpn [2020-10-30]

    CHR Extension: (Chrome Web Store Payments) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\nmmhkkegccagdldgiimedpiccmgmieda [2021-03-01]

    CHR Extension: (Search Manager) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\olojcnagmcbplpdddabmpfehhlleobpb [2019-10-24]

    CHR Extension: (Gmail) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\pjkljhegncpnkpknbcohdijeoejaedia [2020-11-13]

    CHR Extension: (Chrome Media Router) - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Extensions\pkedcjkdefgpdelpbcmbmeomcjbeemfm [2021-04-25]

    CHR HKLM\.\Chrome\Extension: [jgfblpnggnjhmdbidfmoidoglbcbnfoi]

    CHR HKLM\.\Chrome\Extension: [olojcnagmcbplpdddabmpfehhlleobpb]

    CHR HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\SOFTWARE\Google\Chrome\Extensions\.\Chrome\Extension: [jgfblpnggnjhmdbidfmoidoglbcbnfoi]

    CHR HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\SOFTWARE\Google\Chrome\Extensions\.\Chrome\Extension: [olojcnagmcbplpdddabmpfehhlleobpb]

    CHR HKLM-x32\.\Chrome\Extension: [jgfblpnggnjhmdbidfmoidoglbcbnfoi]

    CHR HKLM-x32\.\Chrome\Extension: [olojcnagmcbplpdddabmpfehhlleobpb]

     

    Yandex: 

    =======

    YAN Profile: C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Yandex\YandexBrowser\User Data\Default [2021-04-25]

     

    ==================== Services (Whitelisted) ===================

     

    (If an entry is included in the fixlist, it will be removed from the registry. The file will not be moved unless listed separately.)

     

    R2 AdAppMgrSvc; C:\Program Files (x86)\Autodesk\Autodesk Desktop App\AdAppMgrSvc.exe [1364904 2018-01-11] (Autodesk, Inc. -> Autodesk Inc.)

    R2 AdobeARMservice; C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Adobe\ARM\1.0\armsvc.exe [65432 2014-05-08] (Adobe Systems, Incorporated -> Adobe Systems Incorporated)

    R2 AGMService; C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Adobe\AdobeGCClient\AGMService.exe [3780296 2021-02-17] (Adobe Inc. -> Adobe Systems, Incorporated)

    R2 AGSService; C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Adobe\AdobeGCClient\AGSService.exe [3548360 2021-02-17] (Adobe Inc, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. -> Adobe Systems, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, Incorporated)

    R2 Apple Mobile Device Service; C:\Program Files\Common Files\Apple\Mobile Device Support\AppleMobileDeviceService.exe [96056 2019-10-07] (Apple Inc. -> Apple Inc.)

    R2 bdredline; C:\Program Files\Bitdefender Antivirus Free\bdredline.exe [2461792 2021-04-07] (Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender)

    S2 ccleaner; C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Update\CCleanerBrowserUpdate.exe [200928 2021-03-25] (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software)

    S3 CCleanerBrowserElevationService; C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Application\90.0.9199.75\elevation_service.exe [1396952 2021-04-15] (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software)

    S3 ccleanerm; C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Update\CCleanerBrowserUpdate.exe [200928 2021-03-25] (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software)

    R2 ClickToRunSvc; C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\ClickToRun\OfficeClickToRun.exe [8788392 2021-04-09] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

    S2 dbupdate; C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Update\DropboxUpdate.exe VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen 2017-07-11] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

    S3 dbupdatem; C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Update\DropboxUpdate.exe [143144 2017-07-11] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

    R2 DbxSvc; C:\WINDOWS\system32\DbxSvc.exe [44272 2021-04-12] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

    S3 DgnIndexingService; C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Bentley Shared\Dgn  Index Service\DgnIndexServer.exe [137728 2012-04-13] (Bentley Systems Inc.) [File not signed]

    R2 Epson PMAService A; C:\Program Files (x86)\Epson Software\PMA_A\PMAService.exe [113144 2017-03-28] (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION -> Seiko Epson Corporation)

    R2 EpsonScanSvc; C:\WINDOWS\system32\EscSvc64.exe [144560 2012-05-17] (SEIKO EPSON Corporation -> Seiko Epson Corporation)

    R2 Flexlm Service 1; C:\Autodesk\Network License Manager\lmgrd.exe [1797096 2017-12-12] (Flexera Software LLC -> Flexera Software LLC)

    R2 HP Comm Recover; C:\Program Files\HPCommRecovery\HPCommRecovery.exe [1309184 2016-10-07] (HP Inc.) [File not signed]

    R2 HP Orbit Service; C:\Program Files\HP\HP Orbit Service\HPOrbitService.exe [3421616 2017-06-20] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

    R2 HPJumpStartBridge; C:\Program Files (x86)\HP\HP JumpStart Bridge\HPJumpStartBridge.exe [471040 2017-05-23] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

    R3 hpqcaslwmiex; C:\Program Files (x86)\HP\Shared\hpqwmiex.exe [1031704 2016-06-04] (Hewlett-Packard Company -> HP)

    R2 HPSupportSolutionsFrameworkService; C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Solutions\HPSupportSolutionsFrameworkService.exe [379736 2020-08-20] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

    R2 HPTouchpointAnalyticsService; C:\Program Files\HP\HP Touchpoint Analytics Client\TouchpointAnalyticsClientService.exe [332216 2017-11-21] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

    R2 HPWMISVC; c:\Program Files (x86)\HP\HP System Event\HPWMISVC.exe [631800 2016-06-20] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

    R2 MSSQL$TEW_SQLEXPRESS; C:\ProgramData\SOLIDWORKS Electrical\MSSQL12.TEW_SQLEXPRESS\MSSQL\Binn\sqlservr.exe [372416 2015-04-21] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

    S3 MySQL80; C:\Program Files\MySQL\MySQL Server 8.0\bin\mysqld.exe [44656128 2019-01-26] () [File not signed]

    S3 OpcEnum; C:\WINDOWS\SysWOW64\OpcEnum.exe [146432 2015-06-30] (OPC Foundation) [File not signed]

    R2 ProductAgentService; C:\Program Files\Bitdefender Agent\ProductAgentService.exe [1358248 2021-01-29] (Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender)

    R2 SolidWorks Flexnet Server; C:\DS.SolidWorks.2019.SP5.0.Premium\DS.SolidWorks.2019.SP5.0.Premium\_SolidSQUAD_\SolidWorks_Flexnet_Server\lmgrd.exe [1393128 2018-09-21] (Flexera Software LLC -> Flexera Software LLC)

    S4 SQLAgent$TEW_SQLEXPRESS; C:\ProgramData\SOLIDWORKS Electrical\MSSQL12.TEW_SQLEXPRESS\MSSQL\Binn\SQLAGENT.EXE [613056 2015-04-21] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

    R2 TechSmith Uploader Service; C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\TechSmith Shared\Uploader\UploaderService.exe [3661096 2015-09-14] (TechSmith Corporation -> TechSmith Corporation)

    R2 updatesrv; C:\Program Files\Bitdefender Antivirus VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen [236128 2021-04-07] (Bitdefender SRL -> VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen vsserv; C:\Program Files\Bitdefender Antivirus Free\vsserv.exe [559200 2021-04-07] (Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender)

    R2 vsservppl; C:\Program Files\Bitdefender Antivirus Free\vsservppl.exe [240352 2021-04-07] (Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender)

    R2 WCAssistantService; C:\Program Files (x86)\Lavasoft\Web Companion\Application\Lavasoft.WCAssistant.WinService.exe [28136 2021-03-01] (LAVASOFT SOFTWARE CANADA INC -> )

    S3 WdNisSvc; C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows Defender\platform\4.18.1911.3-0\NisSrv.exe [3206472 2020-01-07] (Microsoft Windows Publisher -> Microsoft Corporation)

    S3 WinDefend; C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows Defender\platform\4.18.1911.3-0\MsMpEng.exe [103376 2020-01-07] (Microsoft Windows Publisher -> Microsoft Corporation)

    R2 WsAppService3; C:\Program Files (x86)\Wondershare\WAF3\3.0.0.308\WsAppService3.exe [83232 2019-07-09] (Wondershare Technology Co.,Ltd -> VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen WsDrvInst; C:\Program Files (x86)\Wondershare\dr.fone\Library\DriverInstaller\DriverInstall.exe [130336 2019-09-02] (Wondershare Technology Co.,Ltd -> Wondershare)

     

    ===================== Drivers (Whitelisted) ===================

     

    (If an entry is included in the fixlist, it will be removed from the registry. The file will not be moved unless listed separately.)

     

    S3 aftap0901; C:\WINDOWS\System32\drivers\aftap0901.sys [48624 2018-03-06] (AnchorFree Inc -> The OpenVPN Project)

    R1 atc; C:\WINDOWS\System32\DRIVERS\atc.sys [2718744 2021-02-26] (Bitdefender SRL -> VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen S.R.L. Bucharest, ROMANIA)

    R2 BdDci; C:\WINDOWS\system32\DRIVERS\bddci.sys [802976 2021-01-03] (Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender)

    S0 bdelam; C:\WINDOWS\System32\drivers\bdelam.sys [22976 2021-04-07] (Microsoft Windows Early Launch Anti-malware Publisher -> Bitdefender)

    S3 BthA2dp; C:\WINDOWS\System32\drivers\BthA2dp.sys [279040 2019-12-07] (Microsoft Corporation) [File not signed]

    S3 edrsensor; C:\WINDOWS\System32\DRIVERS\edrsensor.sys [309120 2020-02-25] (Bitdefender SRL -> BitDefender S.R.L. Bucharest, ROMANIA)

    R1 Gemma; C:\WINDOWS\System32\DRIVERS\Gemma.sys [488592 2021-02-26] (Bitdefender SRL -> BitDefender S.R.L. Bucharest, ROMANIA)

    R3 HpqKbFiltr; C:\WINDOWS\System32\drivers\HpqKbFiltr64.sys [37112 2015-06-17] (Hewlett-Packard Company -> Hewlett-Packard Company)

    R1 ISODrive; C:\Program Files (x86)\UltraISO\drivers\ISODrv64.sys [115448 2013-11-21] (SHENZHEN YIBO DIGITAL SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT CO. LTD. -> EZB Systems, Inc.)

    S3 Netwtw04; C:\WINDOWS\System32\drivers\Netwtw04.sys [7218176 2017-03-18] (Intel Corporation) [File not signed]

    R0 pwdrvio; C:\WINDOWS\System32\pwdrvio.sys [19152 2013-09-30] (MiniTool Solution Ltd -> )

    S3 pwdspio; C:\WINDOWS\system32\pwdspio.sys [12504 2013-09-30] (MiniTool Solution VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen -> )

    S4 RsFx0310; C:\WINDOWS\System32\DRIVERS\RsFx0310.sys [249024 2015-04-21] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

    S3 RtkUsbAD; C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\RtUsbA64.sys [126712 2016-12-10] (Realtek Semiconductor Corp -> Realtek Semiconductor Corp.)

    R3 ScpVBus; C:\WINDOWS\System32\drivers\ScpVBus.sys [39168 2013-05-05] (Bruce James -> Scarlet.Crush Productions)

    R0 secnvme; C:\WINDOWS\System32\drivers\secnvme.sys [132584 2017-10-13] (Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. -> Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd)

    S3 ssudmdm; C:\WINDOWS\system32\DRIVERS\ssudmdm.sys [166760 2020-04-24] (Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. -> Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.)

    R3 tap0901; C:\WINDOWS\System32\drivers\tap0901.sys [27136 2016-04-21] (OpenVPN Technologies, Inc. -> The OpenVPN Project)

    R2 trufos; C:\WINDOWS\System32\drivers\trufos.sys [641728 2021-03-10] (Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender)

    S3 USBAAPL64; C:\WINDOWS\System32\Drivers\usbaapl64.sys [54784 2015-06-17] (Microsoft Windows Hardware Compatibility Publisher -> Apple, Inc.)

    R0 vlflt; C:\WINDOWS\System32\DRIVERS\vlflt.sys [386800 2021-01-03] (Bitdefender SRL -> Bitdefender)

    S3 WdBoot; C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\wd\WdBoot.sys [45664 2020-01-07] (Microsoft Windows Early Launch Anti-malware Publisher -> Microsoft Corporation)

    S3 WdFilter; C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\wd\WdFilter.sys [355760 2020-01-07] (Microsoft Windows -> Microsoft Corporation)

    S3 WdNisDrv; C:\WINDOWS\System32\drivers\wd\WdNisDrv.sys [54192 2020-01-07] (Microsoft Windows -> Microsoft Corporation)

    R3 WirelessButtonDriver64; C:\WINDOWS\System32\drivers\WirelessButtonDriver64.sys [35392 2020-06-08] (HP Inc. -> HP)

    R1 ZAM_Guard; C:\Windows\System32\drivers\zamguard64.sys [203680 2017-08-09] (Zemana Ltd. -> Zemana Ltd.)

     

    ==================== NetSvcs (Whitelisted) ===================

     

    (If an entry is included in the fixlist, it will be removed from the registry. The file will not be moved unless listed separately.)

     

     

    ==================== One month (created) (Whitelisted) =========

     

    (If an entry is included in the fixlist, the file/folder will be moved.)

     

    2021-04-29 04:01 - 2021-04-29 04:02 - 000051359 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\FRST.txt

    2021-04-29 04:00 - 2021-04-29 04:01 - 000000000 ____D C:\FRST

    2021-04-29 04:00 - 2021-04-29 04:00 - 002298368 _____ (Farbar) C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\FRST64.exe

    2021-04-26 13:29 - 2021-04-26 13:29 - 001388448 _____ C:\Users\Public\VOIP.dat

    2021-04-26 13:28 - 2021-04-26 13:28 VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen 000000000 ___HD C:\ProgramData\temp

    2021-04-26 13:08 - 2021-04-26 13:08 - 000003386 _____ C:\WINDOWS\system32\Tasks\MicrosoftEdgeUpdateTaskMachineCore1d71953e40bd1b6

    2021-04-25 17:26 - 2021-04-25 22:52 - 000000000 ____D VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen PHOTO

    2021-04-25 17:19 - 2021-04-25 17:19 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\Documents\Adobe

    2021-04-25 17:08 - 2019-10-22 16:51 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\Desktop\Setup (Pre-activated)

    2021-04-25 17:01 - 2021-04-25 17:05 - 1127595928 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\Adobe.Lightroom.Classic.2020_9.0.0.10 x64.rar

    2021-04-25 16:29 - 2021-04-25 16:36 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\Desktop\GRAD PHOTO

    2021-04-25 09:29 - 2020-09-10 08:22 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\Desktop\Adobe_Photoshop_Lightroom_Classic_2021_v10.0

    2021-04-25 09:12 - 2021-04-25 09:26 - 1230532300 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\_Getintopc.com_Adobe_Photoshop_Lightroom_Classic_2021_v10.0.rar

    2021-04-23 04:06 - 2020-07-15 18:36 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\Adobe_Photoshop_Lightroom_3.2.0_x64

    2021-04-23 04:01 - 2021-04-23 04:01 - 006511223 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\_Getintopc.com_Adobe_Photoshop_Lightroom_2020 (4).mp4

    2021-04-23 03:56 - 2021-04-23 03:56 - 006511223 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\_Getintopc.com_Adobe_Photoshop_Lightroom_2020 (3).mp4

    2021-04-23 03:55 - 2021-04-23 03:55 - 006511223 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\_Getintopc.com_Adobe_Photoshop_Lightroom_2020 (2).mp4

    2021-04-23 03:54 - 2021-04-23 03:55 - 006511223 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\_Getintopc.com_Adobe_Photoshop_Lightroom_2020.mp4

    2021-04-23 03:54 - 2021-04-23 03:55 - 006511223 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\_Getintopc.com_Adobe_Photoshop_Lightroom_2020 (1).mp4

    2021-04-23 03:50 - 2021-04-23 03:55 - 740640100 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\_Getintopc.com_Adobe_Photoshop_Lightroom_3.2.0_x64.rar

    2021-04-17 20:22 - 2021-04-17 20:22 - 001823304 _____ (Microsoft Corporation) C:\WINDOWS\system32\winload.efi

    2021-04-17 20:22 - 2021-04-17 20:22 - 000011357 _____ C:\WINDOWS\system32\DrtmAuthTxt.wim

    2021-04-17 20:21 - 2021-04-17 20:21 - 000231248 _____ C:\WINDOWS\system32\containerdevicemanagement.dll

    2021-04-17 19:01 - 2021-04-17 19:01 - 000189929 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\SSRN-id947372.pdf

    2021-04-17 17:35 - 2021-04-17 17:35 - 000167085 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\2013Prange-EncyclopediaMultinationals.pdf

    2021-04-17 17:33 - 2021-04-17 17:33 - 000046277 Tag Archives: ableton live crack mac C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\Multinational_Corporations_-_A_Study_ (1).pdf

    2021-04-17 17:32 - 2021-04-17 17:32 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\system32\Tasks\Mozilla

    2021-04-17 17:30 VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen 2021-04-17 17:30 VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen 000046277 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\Multinational_Corporations_-_A_Study_

    2021-04-17 17:25 - 2021-04-17 17:25 - 000106519 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Desktop\Group Problem Set-2-Alt.pdf

    2021-04-16 16:17 - 2021-04-16 16:17 - 000011734 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\recently-used.xbel

    2021-04-16 15:14 - 2021-04-16 15:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Dropbox

    2021-04-12 05:51 - 2021-04-12 05:51 - 000047600 _____ (Dropbox, Inc.) C:\WINDOWS\system32\Drivers\dbx-stable.sys

    2021-04-12 05:51 - 2021-04-12 05:51 - 000047600 _____ (Dropbox, Inc.) C:\WINDOWS\system32\Drivers\dbx-dev.sys

    2021-04-12 05:51 - 2021-04-12 05:51 - 000047600 _____ (Dropbox, Inc.) C:\WINDOWS\system32\Drivers\dbx-canary.sys

    2021-04-12 05:51 - 2021-04-12 05:51 - 000044272 _____ (Dropbox, Inc.) C:\WINDOWS\system32\DbxSvc.exe

    2021-04-03 08:19 - 2021-04-03 08:19 - 000601209 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\Asset_Turnover_Capital_Structure_and_Financial_Per.pdf

    2021-04-03 07:16 - 2021-04-03 07:16 - 000122902 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Desktop\BA62070H420_ Submit Group Project VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen III (Read Instructions)_ Due last day of Module 6.pdf

    2021-04-02 19:13 - 2021-04-02 19:13 - 000768804 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads\LearnPythonTheHardWay2ndEdition.pdf

     

    ==================== One month (modified) ==================

     

    (If an entry is included in the fixlist, the file/folder will be moved.)

     

    2021-04-29 04:03 - 2018-12-31 15:18 - 000196926 _____ C:\WINDOWS\ZAM_Guard.krnl.trace

    2021-04-29 04:03 - 2017-08-11 19:03 - 000000000 ____D C:\Program Files\Bitdefender Antivirus Free

    2021-04-29 04:01 - 2021-03-14 23:34 - 000004172 _____ C:\WINDOWS\system32\Tasks\User_Feed_Synchronization-{12BE31AC-5AB4-49CE-B9C0-3BD21CFAC1AE}

    2021-04-29 03:59 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\AppReadiness

    2021-04-29 03:58 - 2021-03-14 23:24 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\system32\SleepStudy

    2021-04-29 03:58 - 2020-01-26 19:44 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\WhatsApp

    2021-04-29 03:58 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\system32\WinBioDatabase

    2021-04-29 03:58 - 2017-06-17 20:24 - 000000000 ___RD C:\Users\NewUser\OneDrive

    2021-04-28 22:05 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\ProgramData\regid.1991-06.com.microsoft

    2021-04-28 21:54 - 2021-03-25 17:10 - 000002387 _____ C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\CCleaner Browser.lnk

    2021-04-28 21:54 - 2021-03-25 17:10 - 000002352 _____ C:\Users\Public\Desktop\CCleaner Browser.lnk

    2021-04-28 21:54 - 2021-03-25 17:10 - 000002352 _____ C:\ProgramData\Desktop\CCleaner Browser.lnk

    2021-04-28 21:54 - 2021-03-25 17:10 - 000000000 ____D C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser

    2021-04-28 21:54 - 2020-07-01 09:07 - 000002438 _____ C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Microsoft Edge.lnk

    2021-04-28 21:54 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ___HD C:\Program Files\WindowsApps

    2021-04-28 21:52 - 2020-02-17 00:24 - 000000000 ____D C:\Program Files\CCleaner

    2021-04-28 21:52 - 2019-11-10 09:57 - 000000000 VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen C:\Users\Public\Documents\AdobeGCData

    2021-04-28 21:52 - 2019-11-10 09:57 VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen 000000000 ___HD C:\ProgramData\Documents\AdobeGCData

    2021-04-26 20:30 - 2020-01-08 11:32 - 000002301 _____ C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Google Chrome.lnk

    2021-04-26 20:23 - 2020-04-04 15:02 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\PlaceholderTileLogoFolder

    2021-04-26 20:11 - 2021-03-14 23:28 - 000983032 _____ C:\WINDOWS\system32\PerfStringBackup.INI

    2021-04-26 20:11 - 2019-12-07 04:13 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\INF

    2021-04-26 20:06 - 2018-11-04 14:17 - 000000000 ____D C:\ProgramData\FNP_DIR

    2021-04-26 13:28 - 2021-03-14 23:34 - 000000006 ____H C:\WINDOWS\Tasks\SA.DAT

    2021-04-26 13:28 - 2021-03-14 23:24 - 000008192 ___SH C:\DumpStack.log.tmp

    2021-04-26 13:28 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\ServiceState

    2021-04-26 13:28 - 2019-12-07 04:03 - 000786432 _____ C:\WINDOWS\system32\config\BBI

    2021-04-26 13:17 - 2017-08-07 23:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office

    2021-04-26 13:08 - 2021-03-14 23:34 - 000003480 _____ C:\WINDOWS\system32\Tasks\MicrosoftEdgeUpdateTaskMachineUA

    2021-04-26 08:01 - 2021-03-14 23:34 - 000004210 _____ C:\WINDOWS\system32\Tasks\CCleaner Update

    2021-04-25 23:31 - 2021-03-14 23:24 - 000625448 _____ C:\WINDOWS\system32\FNTCACHE.DAT

    2021-04-25 22:31 - 2019-05-16 11:11 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\SolidWorks

    2021-04-25 22:29 - 2019-05-17 20:06 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\Public\Documents\SOLIDWORKS

    2021-04-25 22:29 - 2019-05-17 20:06 - 000000000 ____D C:\ProgramData\SOLIDWORKS

    2021-04-25 22:29 - 2019-05-17 20:06 - 000000000 ____D C:\ProgramData\Documents\SOLIDWORKS

    2021-04-25 22:13 - 2019-05-16 11:20 - 000000000 ____D C:\ProgramData\SOLIDWORKS Electrical

    2021-04-25 21:46 - 2018-11-03 14:31 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\Documents\SOLIDWORKS Downloads

    2021-04-25 21:32 - 2021-03-14 23:26 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser

    2021-04-25 17:19 - 2017-06-17 23:22 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\Adobe

    2021-04-25 17:15 - 2019-01-12 14:13 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\D3DSCache

    2021-04-25 17:11 - 2017-07-07 22:24 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Adobe

    2021-04-25 17:09 - 2020-02-15 04:25 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\PDFCreator

    2021-04-25 17:09 - 2020-02-15 04:25 - 000000000 ____D C:\Program Files\PDFCreator

    2021-04-25 16:44 - 2021-03-12 20:06 - 000000000 ___DC C:\WINDOWS\Panther

    2021-04-25 16:44 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\LiveKernelReports

    2021-04-25 16:44 - 2019-05-17 20:12 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\CrashDumps

    2021-04-25 16:17 - 2017-06-17 20:46 - 000000000 ____D C:\ProgramData\Package Cache

    2021-04-25 09:03 - 2021-03-14 23:34 - 000003372 _____ C:\WINDOWS\system32\Tasks\OneDrive Standalone Update Task-S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001

    2021-04-25 09:03 - 2021-03-14 23:26 - 000002373 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\OneDrive.lnk

    2021-04-23 04:15 - 2017-07-13 21:44 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\vlc

    2021-04-23 04:06 - 2017-07-07 22:25 - 000000000 ____D C:\ProgramData\Adobe

    2021-04-22 19:10 - 2020-01-26 19:43 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\WhatsApp

    2021-04-22 19:10 - 2020-01-26 19:43 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\SquirrelTemp

    2021-04-21 22:16 - 2020-09-30 22:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\Program Files\Microsoft Update Health Tools

    2021-04-21 22:14 - 2021-03-14 23:34 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\system32\Tasks\Hewlett-Packard

    2021-04-21 22:13 - 2019-12-07 04:03 - 000065536 _____ C:\WINDOWS\system32\config\ELAM

    2021-04-21 22:12 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ___SD C:\WINDOWS\system32\DiagSvcs

    2021-04-21 22:12 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ___RD C:\WINDOWS\ImmersiveControlPanel

    2021-04-21 22:12 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\SystemResources

    2021-04-21 22:12 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\system32\setup

    2021-04-21 22:12 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\system32\oobe

    2021-04-21 22:12 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\system32\lv-LV

    2021-04-21 22:12 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\system32\lt-LT

    2021-04-21 22:12 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\system32\et-EE

    2021-04-21 22:12 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\system32\es-MX

    2021-04-21 22:12 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\Provisioning

    2021-04-21 22:12 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\PolicyDefinitions

    2021-04-21 22:12 - 2019-12-07 04:14 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\bcastdvr

    2021-04-21 22:12 - 2017-08-09 20:50 - 000000000 ____D C:\Program Files\Mozilla Firefox

    2021-04-21 22:11 - 2021-03-28 22:36 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\GitHub Desktop

    2021-04-21 20:22 - 2017-06-17 23:22 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Packages

    2021-04-21 19:24 - 2021-03-14 23:34 - 000003418 _____ C:\WINDOWS\system32\Tasks\GoogleUpdateTaskMachineUA

    2021-04-21 19:24 - 2021-03-14 23:34 - 000003294 _____ C:\WINDOWS\system32\Tasks\GoogleUpdateTaskMachineCore

    2021-04-17 20:25 - 2019-12-07 04:03 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\servicing

    2021-04-17 20:25 - 2019-12-07 04:03 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\CbsTemp

    2021-04-17 20:21 - 2021-03-14 23:24 - 002877440 _____ (Microsoft Corporation) C:\WINDOWS\SysWOW64\PrintConfig.dll

    2021-04-17 20:12 - 2017-06-17 20:32 - 000000000 ____D C:\WINDOWS\system32\MRT

    2021-04-17 20:07 - 2017-06-17 20:32 - 131963968 ____C (Microsoft Corporation) C:\WINDOWS\system32\MRT.exe

    2021-04-17 17:33 - 2019-02-04 22:43 - 000000000 ____D C:\ProgramData\Mozilla

    2021-04-17 17:33 - 2017-08-05 00:22 - 000000000 ____D VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen 17:32 - 2017-08-05 00:22 - 000001005 _____ C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Firefox.lnk

    2021-04-16 16:38 - 2021-03-29 13:37 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\Desktop\python_works

    2021-04-16 16:17 - 2021-03-29 13:40 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\gtk-2.0

    2021-04-16 15:14 - 2017-07-11 19:26 - 000000000 ____D C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox

    2021-04-14 13:03 - 2017-08-04 23:12 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\ElevatedDiagnostics

    2021-04-07 22:18 - 2018-12-31 16:46 - 000022976 _____ (Bitdefender) C:\WINDOWS\system32\Drivers\bdelam.sys

    2021-03-31 08:59 - 2021-03-28 22:36 - 000002365 _____ C:\Users\NewUser\Desktop\GitHub Desktop.lnk

    2021-03-31 08:59 - 2021-03-28 22:36 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\GitHub, Inc

    2021-03-31 08:58 - 2021-03-28 22:36 - 000000000 ____D C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\GitHubDesktop

     

    ==================== Files in the root of some directories ========

     

    2021-04-26 13:29 - 2021-04-26 13:29 - 001388448 _____ () C:\Users\Public\VOIP.dat

    2018-09-24 09:13 - 2016-04-26 11:33 - 000102912 _____ (Microsoft Corporation) C:\Program Files (x86)\clipbrd.exe

    2017-12-02 12:27 - 2017-12-05 15:09 - 000011264 _____ () C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\DCBC2A71-70D8-4DAN-EHR8-E0D61DEA3FDF.ini

    2019-11-13 12:09 - 2019-11-13 12:09 - 000000000 _____ () C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\oobelibMkey.log

    2021-04-16 16:17 - 2021-04-16 16:17 - 000011734 _____ () C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\recently-used.xbel

    2018-07-21 10:00 - 2019-02-05 11:21 - 001035264 _____ () C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\WebpageIcons.db

     

    ==================== SigCheck ============================

     

    (There is no automatic fix for files that do not pass verification.)

     

    ==================== End of FRST.txt ========================

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Additional scan result of Farbar Recovery Scan Tool (x64) Version: 28-04-2021

    Ran by Akintola (29-04-2021 04:05:27)

    Running from C:\Users\NewUser\Downloads

    Windows 10 Home Version 20H2 19042.928 (X64) (2021-03-15 04:35:07)

    Boot Mode: Normal

    ==========================================================

     

     

    ==================== Accounts: =============================

     

    Administrator (S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-500 - Administrator - Disabled)

    Akintola (S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001 - Administrator - Enabled) => C:\Users\NewUser

    DefaultAccount (S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-503 - Limited - Disabled)

    Guest (S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-501 - Limited - Disabled)

    Nity47 (S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1004 - Limited - Enabled) => C:\Users\Nity47

    WDAGUtilityAccount (S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-504 - Limited - Disabled)

     

    ==================== Security Center ========================

     

    (If an entry is included in the fixlist, it will be removed.)

     

    AV: Bitdefender Antivirus Free Antimalware (Enabled - Out of date) {EA21BCE8-A461-99C3-3A0D-4C964E75494E}

    AV: Bitdefender Antivirus Free Antimalware (Enabled - Up to date) {BAD274F4-FA00-8560-1CDE-6C830442BEFA}

    AV: Windows Defender (Disabled - Up to date) {D68DDC3A-831F-4fae-9E44-DA132C1ACF46}

    AS: Bitdefender Antivirus Free Antimalware (Enabled - Up to date) {51405D0C-825B-964D-00BD-77E435F203F3}

    AS: Windows Defender (Disabled - Up to date) {D68DDC3A-831F-4fae-9E44-DA132C1ACF46}

     

    ==================== Installed Programs ======================

     

    (Only the adware programs with "Hidden" flag could be added to the fixlist to unhide them. The adware programs should be uninstalled manually.)

     

    7-Zip 18.05 (x64) (HKLM\.\7-Zip) (Version: 18.05 - Igor Pavlov)

    Adobe Genuine Service (HKLM-x32\.\AdobeGenuineService) (Version:  - Adobe)

    Adobe Reader XI (11.0.07) (HKLM-x32\.\{AC76BA86-7AD7-1033-7B44-AB0000000001}) (Version: 11.0.07 - Adobe Systems Incorporated)

    Amazon Redshift ODBC Driver 64-bit (HKLM\.\{960BF695-03D5-48CF-9DC2-6AC5800C4FBE}) (Version: 1.4.10.1000 - Amazon Web Services, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, Inc.)

    Anaconda3 2020.02 (Python 3.7.6 64-bit) (HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\.\Anaconda3 2020.02 (Python 3.7.6 64-bit)) (Version: 2020.02 - Anaconda, Inc.)

    Apple Application Support (32-bit) (HKLM-x32\.\{C3A282C9-4C8B-4A63-B449-3A064FB378D7}) (Version: 8.2 - Apple Inc.)

    Apple Application Support (64-bit) (HKLM\.\{CC046FB9-E84E-4092-B924-DBE33DA2BE75}) (Version: 8.2 - Apple Inc.)

    Apple Mobile Device Support (HKLM\.\{45DDDFED-AABC-450C-B49C-5B4A5E547F5B}) (Version: 13.0.0.38 - Apple Inc.)

    Apple Software Update (HKLM-x32\.\{A3985C05-7386-411F-A4BF-32A73F37EB44}) (Version: 2.6.3.1 - Apple Inc.)

    Atmel Touchscreen Power Deezer premium crack Archives Settings (HKLM-x32\.\{C82B142B-8E21-4348-A75B-5637DD7D5C43}) (Version: 1.7.0.2 - Atmel Corp)

    AutoCAD 2019 - English (HKLM\.\{28B89EEF-2001-0409-2102-CF3F3A09B77D}) (Version: 23.0.46.0 - Autodesk) Hidden

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    PopSQL 0.6.4 (only current user) (HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\.\33054b7b-291d-5342-aeb3-ba742f62c95a) (Version: 0.6.4 - Rahil Sondhi)

    Product Improvement Study for HP DeskJet 3700 series (HKLM\.\{826144A0-42A2-40D3-A49B-129979BA2B0C}) (Version: 40.12.1161.1896 - HP Inc.)

    psqlODBC_x64 (HKLM\.\{3F8971B0-061B-4163-9D3F-EA94151B2FCF}) (Version: 09.06.0504 - PostgreSQL Global Development Group)

    Python 3.7.1 (32-bit) (HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\.\{850389b4-a056-4ecc-9c8d-e3ef594fc929}) (Version: 3.7.1150.0 - Python Software Foundation)

    Python 3.7.1 (Anaconda3 2018.12 64-bit) (HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\.\Python 3.7.1 (Anaconda3 2018.12 64-bit)) (Version: 2018.12 - Anaconda, Inc.)

    Python 3.7.1 Add to Path (32-bit) (HKLM-x32\.\{76CFD900-77BD-4974-9464-249B93C3A3EF}) (Version: 3.7.1150.0 - Python Software Foundation) Hidden

    Python 3.7.1 Core Interpreter (32-bit) (HKLM-x32\.\{5439005C-640E-473B-8374-5AA6BA9F8780}) (Version: 3.7.1150.0 - Python Software Foundation) Hidden

    Python 3.7.1 Development Libraries (32-bit) (HKLM-x32\.\{D1F1A0E0-328E-438D-A18C-ACE71BCE10B7}) (Version: 3.7.1150.0 - Python Software Foundation) Hidden

    Python 3.7.1 Documentation (32-bit) (HKLM-x32\.\{DAB8D967-E729-443C-96A7-BFE581D8B0B0}) (Version: 3.7.1150.0 - Python Software Foundation) Hidden

    Python 3.7.1 Executables (32-bit) (HKLM-x32\.\{FFE80953-6126-49BF-9CC0-57113A8AAA37}) (Version: 3.7.1150.0 - Python Software Foundation) Hidden

    Python 3.7.1 pip Bootstrap (32-bit) (HKLM-x32\.\{4CAAB4B2-69D4-437A-870B-9AB2D0703E56}) (Version: 3.7.1150.0 - Python Software Foundation) Hidden

    Python 3.7.1 Standard Library (32-bit) (HKLM-x32\.\{E8A32F30-F5EC-4724-8F99-A51B69176B2F}) (Version: 3.7.1150.0 - Python Software Foundation) Hidden

    Python 3.7.1 Tcl/Tk Support (32-bit) (HKLM-x32\.\{AC008439-97C6-4079-B451-069A1AC86C9D}) (Version: 3.7.1150.0 - Python Software Foundation) Hidden

    Python 3.7.1 Test Suite (32-bit) (HKLM-x32\.\{A9C09A2F-4ABC-41EF-B3F7-629C8178186B}) (Version: 3.7.1150.0 - Python Software Foundation) Hidden

    Python 3.7.1 Utility Scripts (32-bit) (HKLM-x32\.\{D3397B2B-DC1F-4EDF-BFAE-827431206FB6}) (Version: 3.7.1150.0 - Python Software Foundation) Hidden

    Python Launcher (HKLM-x32\.\{C3A1C6B1-9096-47A7-AB5C-09114002A996}) (Version: 3.7.6501.0 - Python Software Foundation)

    R for Windows 3.5.1 (HKLM\.\R for Windows 3.5.1_is1) (Version: 3.5.1 - R Core Team)

    Realtek High Definition Audio Driver (HKLM-x32\.\{F132AF7F-7BCA-4EDE-8A7C-958108FE7DBC}) (Version: 6.0.1.8419 - Realtek Semiconductor Corp.)

    Respondus LockDown Browser 2 (HKLM-x32\.\{BBC7F69B-7A94-41E9-8A4B-B55A8D06431F}) (Version: 2.00.0000 pdf xchange pro vs adobe acrobat pro Archives - Patch Cracks Respondus)

    Revo Uninstaller Pro 4.2.3 (HKLM\.\{67579783-0FB7-4F7B-B881-E5BE47C9DBE0}_is1) (Version: 4.2.3 - VS Revo Group, Ltd.)

    RStudio (HKLM-x32\.\RStudio) (Version: 1.1.456 - RStudio)

    Service Pack 1 for SQL Server 2014 (KB3058865) (64-bit) (HKLM\.\KB3058865) (Version: 12.1.4100.1 - Microsoft Corporation)

    Skype Meetings App (HKLM-x32\.\{56FC471B-6B4E-4CEF-AA29-D3F5D9387731}) (Version: 16.2.0.282 - Microsoft Corporation)

    Skype™ 7.37 (HKLM-x32\.\{3B7E914A-93D5-4A29-92BB-AF8C3F66C431}) (Version: 7.37.103 - Skype Technologies S.A.)

    Snagit 2019 (HKLM\.\{19815424-A209-4B2C-9A86-DF2A4E4B5669}) (Version: 19.1.1 - TechSmith Corporation) Hidden

    Snagit 2019 (HKLM-x32\.\{8309f2fe-203d-4520-a678-9ca0d2640a12}) (Version: 19.1.1.2860 - TechSmith Corporation)

    SPDS Extension for AutoCAD® 2019 (HKLM\.\{B2E83395-1261-443F-B4E1-6C3D54A84711}) (Version: 23.0.46.1 - Autodesk, Inc.)

    SQL Server 2014 Common Files (HKLM\.\{BD1CD96B-FE4B-4EAE-83D4-6EF55AB5779C}) (Version: 12.1.4100.1 - Microsoft Corporation) Hidden

    SQL Server 2014 Common Files (HKLM\.\{F7012F84-80F5-4C25-852E-B1BA03276FE6}) (Version: 12.1.4100.1 - Microsoft Corporation) Hidden

    SQL Server 2014 Database Engine Services (HKLM\.\{17531BCD-C627-46A2-9F1E-7CC920E0E94A}) (Version: 12.1.4100.1 - Microsoft Corporation) Hidden

    SQL Server 2014 Database Engine Services (HKLM\.\{5082A9F3-AEE5-4639-9BA7-C19661BA7331}) (Version: 12.1.4100.1 - Microsoft Corporation) Hidden

    SQL Server 2014 Database Engine Shared (HKLM\.\{ACC530B8-B6B4-40D6-B59B-152468CF47D0}) (Version: 12.1.4100.1 - Microsoft Corporation) Hidden

    SQL Server VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen Database Engine Shared (HKLM\.\{D1B847A9-B06B-4264-9EF0-78E6E1571E65}) (Version: 12.1.4100.1 - Microsoft Corporation) Hidden

    SQL Server Browser for SQL Server 2014 (HKLM-x32\.\{3204DE95-97D2-4261-A286-98A262E171D4}) (Version: 12.1.4100.1 - Microsoft Corporation)

    Sql Server Customer Experience Improvement Program (HKLM\.\{6476DB81-F263-4C04-8574-AAD31136C304}) (Version: 12.1.4100.1 - Microsoft Corporation) Hidden

    Tableau 2020.2 (20202.20.0415.1946) (HKLM\.\{0CC50DD2-F08C-4D43-B25E-C1FF7D1B09B5}) (Version: 20.2.25003 - Tableau Software) Hidden

    Tableau 2020.2 (20202.20.0415.1946) (HKLM-x32\.\{b4aec78e-57ad-4ce6-b159-3acb94310b22}) (Version: 20.2.25003 - Tableau Software)

    TAP-Windows 9.21.2 (HKLM\.\TAP-Windows) (Version: 9.21.2 - )

    TeighaX 3.09 (HKLM-x32\.\{3D63579F-2398-418B-9227-A852FB201D2D}) (Version: 3.9.0 - Open Design Alliance)

    Thunderbolt™ Software (HKLM-x32\.\{F55C97BF-D9B2-4BB6-B16A-25A621BC50E9}) (Version: 16.2.52.250 - Intel Corporation)

    UltraISO Premium V9.71 (HKLM-x32\.\UltraISO_is1) (Version:  - )

    Update for Windows 10 for x64-based Systems (KB4023057) (HKLM\.\{32DC821E-4A7D-4878-BEE8-337FA153D7F2}) (Version: 2.63.0.0 - Microsoft Corporation) Hidden

    UpdateAssistant (HKLM\.\{EC4F72E8-52FE-454E-B70F-DBE5C0FA44C5}) (Version: 1.20.0.0 - Microsoft Corporation) Hidden

    VLC media player (HKLM-x32\.\VLC media player) (Version: 2.2.6 - VideoLAN)

    Vulkan Run Time Libraries 1.0.33.0 (HKLM\.\VulkanRT1.0.33.0) (Version: 1.0.33.0 - LunarG, Inc.)

    Web Companion (HKLM-x32\.\{9e9c5c30-2185-4e02-8bf6-100c81f4ccba}) (Version: 7.0.2417.4248 - Lavasoft)

    WhatsApp (HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\.\WhatsApp) (Version: 2.2114.9 - WhatsApp)

    Windows 10 Update Assistant (HKLM-x32\.\{D5C69738-B486-402E-85AC-2456D98A64E4}) (Version: 1.4.9200.22617 - Microsoft Corporation)

    Windows 7 USB/DVD Download Tool (HKLM-x32\.\{CCF298AF-9CE1-4B26-B251-486E98A34789}) (Version: 1.0.30 - Microsoft Corporation)

    Windows Driver Package - Apple, Inc. (USBAAPL) USB  (05/19/2017 6.0.9999.69) (HKLM\.\7771A0176A543725D7BBF70A546C096A4EE2DD40) (Version: 05/19/2017 6.0.9999.69 - Apple, Inc.)

    Windows Driver Package - SAMSUNG Electronics Co., VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, Ltd.  (dg_ssudbus) USB  (12/02/2015 2.12.1.0) (HKLM\.\85A33267F12961AF9ED9AE799DEDA5E62BEA236F) (Version: 12/02/2015 2.12.1.0 - SAMSUNG Electronics Co., Ltd. )

    Windows Driver Package - SAMSUNG Electronics Co., VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, Ltd.  (ssudmdm) Modem  (12/02/2015 2.12.1.0) (HKLM\.\88ED314360B98E6E82E7CC3201FAEB4A9FD291B4) (Version: 12/02/2015 2.12.1.0 - SAMSUNG Electronics Co., Ltd. )

    Windows Driver Package - SAMSUNG Electronics Co., VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, Ltd.  (WinUSB) AndroidUsbDeviceClass  (12/02/2015 2.12.1.0) (HKLM\.\701281E8283E9E3681220099A9DA5013A5A437AF) (Version: 12/02/2015 2.12.1.0 - SAMSUNG Electronics Co., Ltd, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen. )

    Windows Setup Remediations (x64) (KB4023057) (HKLM\.\{5534e02f-0f5d-40dd-ba92-bea38d22384d}.sdb) (Version:  - )

    WPTx64 (HKLM-x32\.\{0B2C58EB-67A2-225B-60B2-D1990E55DD33}) (Version: 8.100.26866 - Microsoft)

    Zoom (HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\.\ZoomUMX) (Version: 5.1 - Zoom Video Communications, Inc.)

     

    Packages:

    =========

    FilmMaker : Movie Maker & Video Editor -> C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\30761FascinatedMoonApps.FilmMakerMovieMakerVideoEd_1.0.9.0_x64__j8ar55w2vavda [2020-10-31] (FascinatedMoonApps) [MS Ad]

    HP Smart -> C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\AD2F1837.HPPrinterControl_126.2.222.0_x64__v10z8vjag6ke6 [2021-04-14] (HP Inc.)

    Instagram -> C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\Facebook.InstagramBeta_42.0.2.0_neutral__8xx8rvfyw5nnt [2020-03-15] (Instagram)

    IrfanView64 -> C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\30067IrfanSkiljanIrfanVie.IrfanView64_4.5.7.0_x64__psgec73n2n7ne [2021-03-14] (Irfan Skiljan (IrfanView))

    Keeper - Password Manager & Secure File Storage -> C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\KeeperSecurityInc.Keeper_14.0.33.0_x64__kejf07qmg0jnm [2019-07-30] (Keeper Security Inc)

    Microsoft Advertising SDK for XAML -> C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\Microsoft.Advertising.Xaml_10.1811.1.0_x64__8wekyb3d8bbwe [2021-03-14] (Microsoft Corporation) [MS Ad]

    Microsoft Advertising SDK for XAML -> C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\Microsoft.Advertising.Xaml_10.1811.1.0_x86__8wekyb3d8bbwe [2021-03-14] (Microsoft Ashampoo music studio 2020 v1 [MS Ad]

    Microsoft Solitaire Collection -> C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\Microsoft.MicrosoftSolitaireCollection_4.9.4072.0_x64__8wekyb3d8bbwe [2021-04-21] (Microsoft Studios) [MS Ad]

    Netflix -> C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\4DF9E0F8.Netflix_6.97.752.0_x64__mcm4njqhnhss8 [2020-08-01] (Netflix, Inc.)

    OneDrive -> C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\microsoft.microsoftskydrive_19.23.11.0_x64__8wekyb3d8bbwe [2020-08-01] (Microsoft Corporation)

    Penbook -> C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\36376UserCamp.Penbook_2.1.30.0_x64__t7afzrbtd67z0 [2020-07-01] (User Camp)

    Photos Media Engine Add-on -> C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\Microsoft.Photos.MediaEngineDLC_1.0.0.0_x64__8wekyb3d8bbwe [2021-03-18] (Microsoft Corporation)

    Synaptics TouchPad -> C:\Program Files\WindowsApps\SynapticsIncorporated.SynHPConsumerDApp_19005.35054.0.0_x64__807d65c4rvak2 [2020-03-15] (Synaptics Incorporated)

     

    ==================== Custom CLSID (Whitelisted): ==============

     

    (If an entry is included in the fixlist, it will be removed from the registry. The file will not be moved unless listed separately.)

     

    CustomCLSID: HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001_Classes\CLSID\{2AD206F1-152C-4F9D-A24E-6F93FE7A4AFC}\InprocServer32 -> C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Grammarly\Grammarly for Microsoft Office Suite\6.6.122\89B26190D9\GrammarlyShim64.dll (Grammarly, Inc. -> CompanyName)

    CustomCLSID: HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001_Classes\CLSID\{3E3AD4BD-346A-460A-80E8-90699B75C00B}\InprocServer32 -> C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Microsoft\SkypeForBusinessPlugin\16.2.0.282\GatewayActiveX-x64.dll (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

    CustomCLSID: HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001_Classes\CLSID\{4BE56754-B616-4998-B825-D16983AEE1B2}\InprocServer32 -> C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Local\Grammarly\Grammarly for Microsoft Office Suite\6.6.122\89B26190D9\Grammarly.AddIn.Connect.ActiveX.dll (Grammarly, Inc. -> Grammarly)

    CustomCLSID: HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001_Classes\CLSID\{E31EA727-12ED-4702-820C-4B6445F28E1A} -> [Dropbox] => C:\Users\NewUser\Dropbox [2017-07-11 19:32]

    ShellExecuteHooks-x32: Groove GFS Stub Execution Hook - {B5A7F190-DDA6-4420-B3BA-52453494E6CD} - C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\Office12\GrooveShellExtensions.dll [2210608 2006-10-27] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

    ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers: [   DropboxExt01] -> {FB314ED9-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

    ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers: [   DropboxExt02] -> {FB314EDF-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

    ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers: [   DropboxExt03] -> {FB314EE1-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

    ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers: [   DropboxExt04] -> {FB314EDB-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

    ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers: [   DropboxExt05] -> {FB314EDA-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

    ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers: [   DropboxExt06] -> {FB314EDC-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, Inc.)

    ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers: [   DropboxExt07] -> {FB314EDD-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

    ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers: [   DropboxExt08] -> {FB314EE0-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

    ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers: [   DropboxExt09] -> {FB314EE2-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

    ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers: [   DropboxExt10] -> {FB314EDE-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

    ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers: [00asw] -> {472083B0-C522-11CF-8763-00608CC02F24} =>  -> No File

    ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers: [00avg] -> {472083B0-C522-11CF-8763-00608CC02F24} =>  -> No File

    ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers: [AutoCAD Digital Signatures Icon Overlay Handler] -> {36A21736-36C2-4C11-8ACB-D4136F2B57BD} => C:\WINDOWS\system32\AcSignIcon.dll [2018-01-29] (Autodesk, Inc. -> Autodesk, Inc.)

    ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers-x32: [   DropboxExt01] -> {FB314ED9-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

    ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers-x32: [   DropboxExt02] -> {FB314EDF-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

    ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers-x32: [   DropboxExt03] -> VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

    ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers-x32: [   DropboxExt04] -> {FB314EDB-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

    ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers-x32: [   DropboxExt05] -> {FB314EDA-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

    ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers-x32: [   DropboxExt06] -> {FB314EDC-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

    ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers-x32: [   DropboxExt07] -> {FB314EDD-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] K7 Total Security Crack 16.0.0556 With Activation Key, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

    ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers-x32: [   DropboxExt08] -> {FB314EE0-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

    ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers-x32: [   DropboxExt09] -> {FB314EE2-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

    ShellIconOverlayIdentifiers-x32: [   DropboxExt10] -> {FB314EDE-A251-47B7-93E1-CDD82E34AF8B} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, Inc.)

    ContextMenuHandlers1: [7-Zip] -> {23170F69-40C1-278A-1000-000100020000} => C:\Program Files\7-Zip\7-zip.dll [2018-04-30] (Igor Pavlov) [File not signed]

    ContextMenuHandlers1: [AcShellExtension.AcContextMenuHandler] -> {2E7A2C6C-B938-40a4-BA1C-C7EC982DC202} => C:\Program Files\Common Files\Autodesk Shared\AcShellEx\AcShellExtension.dll [2018-01-29] (Autodesk, Inc. -> Autodesk)

    ContextMenuHandlers1: [ANotepad++64] -> {B298D29A-A6ED-11DE-BA8C-A68E55D89593} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Notepad++\NppShell_06.dll [2018-12-11] (Notepad++ -> )

    ContextMenuHandlers1: [DropboxExt] -> {ECD97DE5-3C8F-4ACB-AEEE-CCAB78F7711C} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

    ContextMenuHandlers1: [LockHunterShellExt] -> {0BB27CDA-7029-4C0E-9C56-D922B229F0EB} => C:\Program Files\LockHunter\LHShellExt64.dll [2019-11-29] (Crystal Rich Ltd -> TODO: <Company name>)

    ContextMenuHandlers1: [PhotoStreamsExt] -> {89D984B3-813B-406A-8298-118AFA3A22AE} => C:\Program Files\Common Files\Apple\Internet Services\ShellStreams64.dll [2014-08-11] (Apple Inc. -> Apple Inc.)

    ContextMenuHandlers1: [SnagItMainShellExt] -> {CF74B903-3389-469c-B3B6-0204D204FCBD} => C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\DLLx64\SnagitShellExt64.dll [2019-02-11] (TechSmith Corporation -> TechSmith Corporation)

    ContextMenuHandlers2: [LockHunterShellExt] -> {0BB27CDA-7029-4C0E-9C56-D922B229F0EB} => C:\Program Files\LockHunter\LHShellExt64.dll [2019-11-29] (Crystal Rich Ltd -> TODO: <Company name>)

    ContextMenuHandlers2: [UltraISO] -> {AD392E40-428C-459F-961E-9B147782D099} => C:\Program Files (x86)\UltraISO\isoshl64.dll [2015-10-08] (SHENZHEN YIBO DIGITAL SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT CO. LTD. -> EZB Systems, Inc.)

    ContextMenuHandlers4: [7-Zip] -> {23170F69-40C1-278A-1000-000100020000} => C:\Program Files\7-Zip\7-zip.dll [2018-04-30] (Igor Pavlov) [File not signed]

    ContextMenuHandlers4: [DropboxExt] -> {ECD97DE5-3C8F-4ACB-AEEE-CCAB78F7711C} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

    ContextMenuHandlers4: [LockHunterShellExt] -> {0BB27CDA-7029-4C0E-9C56-D922B229F0EB} => C:\Program Files\LockHunter\LHShellExt64.dll [2019-11-29] (Crystal Rich Ltd -> TODO: <Company name>)

    ContextMenuHandlers4: [PowerISO] -> {967B2D40-8B7D-4127-9049-61EA0C2C6DCE} =>  -> No File

    ContextMenuHandlers4: [SnagItMainShellExt] -> {CF74B903-3389-469c-B3B6-0204D204FCBD} => C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\DLLx64\SnagitShellExt64.dll [2019-02-11] (TechSmith Corporation -> TechSmith Corporation)

    ContextMenuHandlers4: [UltraISO] -> {AD392E40-428C-459F-961E-9B147782D099} => C:\Program ManyCam 7.8.7 Crack With Activation Key 2021 Full Free Download (x86)\UltraISO\isoshl64.dll [2015-10-08] (SHENZHEN YIBO DIGITAL SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT CO. LTD. -> EZB Systems, Inc.)

    ContextMenuHandlers5: [DropboxExt] -> {ECD97DE5-3C8F-4ACB-AEEE-CCAB78F7711C} => C:\Program Files (x86)\Dropbox\Client\DropboxExt64.47.0.dll [2021-03-02] (Dropbox, Inc -> Dropbox, Inc.)

    ContextMenuHandlers5: [igfxcui] -> {3AB1675A-CCFF-11D2-8B20-00A0C93CB1F4} =>  -> No File

    ContextMenuHandlers5: [igfxDTCM] -> {9B5F5829-A529-4B12-814A-E81BCB8D93FC} => C:\WINDOWS\System32\DriverStore\FileRepository\ki130350.inf_amd64_696b7c6764071b63\igfxDTCM.dll [2018-12-07] (Microsoft Windows Hardware Compatibility Publisher -> Intel Corporation)

    ContextMenuHandlers6: [7-Zip] -> {23170F69-40C1-278A-1000-000100020000} => C:\Program Files\7-Zip\7-zip.dll [2018-04-30] (Igor Pavlov) [File not signed]

    ContextMenuHandlers6: [PowerISO] -> {967B2D40-8B7D-4127-9049-61EA0C2C6DCE} =>  -> No File

    ContextMenuHandlers6: [RUShellExt] -> {2C5515DC-2A7E-4BFD-B813-CACC2B685EB7} => C:\Program Files\VS Revo Group\Revo Uninstaller Pro\RUExt.dll [2019-03-29] (VS Revo Group Ltd. -> VS Revo Group)

    ContextMenuHandlers6: [UltraISO] -> {AD392E40-428C-459F-961E-9B147782D099} => C:\Program Files (x86)\UltraISO\isoshl64.dll [2015-10-08] (SHENZHEN YIBO DIGITAL SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT CO. LTD. -> EZB Systems, Inc.)

     

    ==================== Codecs (Whitelisted) ====================

     

    (If an entry is included in the fixlist, the registry item will be restored to default or removed. The file will not be moved.)

     

    HKLM\.\Drivers32: [vidc.mjpg] => C:\WINDOWS\system32\bdmjpeg64.dll [75248 2017-01-26] (Bandicam Company -> )

    HKLM\.\Drivers32: [vidc.mpeg] => C:\WINDOWS\system32\bdmpegv64.dll [75272 2017-01-26] (Bandicam Company -> )

    HKLM\.\Drivers32: [msacm.bdmpeg] => C:\WINDOWS\system32\bdmpega64.acm [75784 2017-01-26] (Bandicam Company -> )

    HKLM\.\Drivers32: [vidc.mjpg] => C:\Windows\SysWOW64\bdmjpeg.dll [71152 2017-01-26] (Bandicam Company -> )

    HKLM\.\Drivers32: [vidc.mpeg] => C:\Windows\SysWOW64\bdmpegv.dll [71176 2017-01-26] (Bandicam Company -> )

    HKLM\.\Drivers32: [msacm.bdmpeg] => C:\Windows\SysWOW64\bdmpega.acm [71176 2017-01-26] (Bandicam VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen -> )

     

    ==================== Shortcuts & WMI ========================

     

    (The entries could be listed to be restored or removed.)

     

    ShortcutWithArgument: C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Anaconda3 (64-bit)\Anaconda Prompt (anaconda03).lnk -> C:\Windows\System32\cmd.exe (Microsoft Corporation) -> "/K" C:\Users\NewUser\anaconda03\Scripts\activate.bat C:\Users\NewUser\anaconda03

    ShortcutWithArgument: C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Anaconda3 (64-bit)\Anaconda Prompt.lnk -> C:\Windows\System32\cmd.exe (Microsoft Corporation) -> "/K" C:\Users\NewUser\Anaconda33\Scripts\activate.bat C:\Users\NewUser\Anaconda33

     

    ==================== Loaded Modules (Whitelisted) =============

     

    2012-09-08 14:16 - 2012-09-08 14:16 - 000315392 _____ () [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\Evernote\Evernote\libtidy.dll

    2012-09-08 14:16 - 2012-09-08 14:16 - 000433664 _____ () [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\Evernote\Evernote\libxml2.dll

    2018-08-14 14:49 - 2018-08-14 14:49 - 001874432 _____ () [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\cairo.dll

    2018-08-14 14:49 - 2018-08-14 14:49 - 000790528 _____ () [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\fontconfig.dll

    2018-08-14 14:49 - 2018-08-14 14:49 - 001041920 _____ () [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\harfbuzz-vs14.dll

    2018-08-14 14:49 - 2018-08-14 14:49 - 000060928 _____ () [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\iconv.dll

    2018-12-11 15:09 - 2018-12-11 15:09 - 000790016 _____ () [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\libhpdf.dll

    2018-08-14 14:49 - 2018-08-14 14:49 - 000257536 _____ () [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\libpng16.dll

    2018-08-14 14:49 - 2018-08-14 14:49 - 001294336 _____ () [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\libxml2.dll

    2017-10-18 08:43 - 2017-10-18 08:43 - 010857984 _____ () [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\opencv_core300.dll

    2017-10-18 08:43 - 2017-10-18 08:43 - 025250304 _____ () [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\opencv_imgproc300.dll

    2018-08-14 14:49 - 2018-08-14 14:49 - 000086528 _____ () [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\zlib1.dll

    2021-04-25 09:40 - 2021-04-25 09:40 - 000160256 _____ () [File not signed] C:\WINDOWS\assembly\NativeImages_v4.0.30319_32\BRIDGECommon\b12dfcd0c5f4434b264d9a4fbc23786d\BRIDGECommon.ni.dll

    2021-03-23 14:08 - 2021-03-23 14:08 - 000120832 _____ () [File not signed] C:\WINDOWS\assembly\NativeImages_v4.0.30319_32\BridgeExtension\549d774608efa33d0c05305cf7f61f7c\BridgeExtension.ni.dll

    2021-03-23 14:09 - 2021-03-23 14:09 - 000348160 _____ () [File not signed] C:\WINDOWS\assembly\NativeImages_v4.0.30319_32\CleanStartController\415057fdf55106e34db75b414db6f251\CleanStartController.ni.dll

    2012-08-28 22:12 - 2012-08-28 22:12 - 000284160 _____ (Evernote Corporation) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\Evernote\Evernote\encrashrep.dll

    2012-09-08 14:16 - 2012-09-08 14:16 - 000258048 _____ (Evernote Corporation, 333 West Evelyn Avenue, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, Mountain View, CA 94041) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\Evernote\Evernote\LibPCRE.dll

    2018-08-14 14:49 - 2018-08-14 14:49 - 000088576 _____ (Free Software Foundation) [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\intl.dll

    2021-03-23 14:08 VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen 2021-03-23 14:08 - 000134656 _____ (HP Inc.) [File not signed] C:\WINDOWS\assembly\NativeImages_v4.0.30319_32\CommonPortable\7b0f36dea9dc9e631399d53fa450a457\CommonPortable.ni.dll

    2016-01-08 13:28 - 2016-01-08 13:28 - 000356352 _____ (hxxp://hunspell.sourceforge.net/) [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\libhunspell.dll

    2018-07-14 15:09 - 2018-04-30 07:00 - 000075776 _____ (Igor Pavlov) [File not signed] C:\Program Files\7-Zip\7-zip.dll

    2020-02-15 04:25 - 2020-02-15 04:25 - 000116224 _____ (pdfforge GmbH) [File not signed] C:\WINDOWS\System32\pdfcmon.dll

    2018-08-14 14:49 - 2018-08-14 14:49 - 000291840 _____ (Red Hat Software) [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\pango-1.0.dll

    2018-08-14 14:49 - 2018-08-14 14:49 - 000578560 _____ (Red Hat Software) [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\pangocairo-1.0.dll

    2018-08-14 14:49 - 2018-08-14 14:49 - 000605184 _____ (Red Hat Software) [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\pangoft2-1.0.dll

    2018-08-14 14:49 - 2018-08-14 14:49 - 000064512 _____ (Red Hat Software) [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\pangowin32-1.0.dll

    2016-05-09 09:20 - 2016-05-09 09:20 - 000132096 _____ (Seiko Epson Corporation) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\Event Manager\epnsm.dll

    2009-10-21 17:39 - 2009-10-21 17:39 - 000291328 _____ (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\Event Manager\LcMgr.dll

    2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-16 01:00 - 000096768 _____ (Seiko Epson Corporation) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\FAX Utility\EbpD4Fax.dll

    2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-16 01:00 - 000278528 _____ (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\FAX Utility\FULEPP.dll

    2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-16 01:00 - 000339968 _____ (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\FAX Utility\FUSVCCLT.dll

    2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-16 01:00 - 000065536 _____ (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\FAX Utility\FUUSBHLP.dll

    2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-16 01:00 - 000069632 _____ (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\FAX Utility\Library\FUDEVCOM.dll

    2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-16 01:00 - 000135168 _____ (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\FAX Utility\Library\FUDRVUTL.dll

    2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-16 01:00 - 000339968 _____ (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\FAX Utility\Library\FUPRBDEV.dll

    2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-16 01:00 - 000286720 _____ (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\FAX Utility\Library\FUSNMPUT.dll

    2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-15 11:00 - 000086016 _____ (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\Epson Software\FAX Utility\Resource\FUCMNMSG.dll

    2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-15 11:00 - 000241664 _____ (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\Epson Software\FAX Utility\Resource\FUFAXRCV.dll

    2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-15 11:00 - 000022016 _____ (SEIKO EPSON VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\Epson Software\FAX Utility\Resource\FULEPPRes.dll

    2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-15 11:00 - 000077824 Turn-Based Genre - PC Games - Hiu Games (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\Epson Software\FAX Utility\Resource\FUPRBDEVRes.dll

    2016-09-14 14:31 - 2016-09-14 14:31 - 000500736 _____ (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed] C:\WINDOWS\System32\enppmon.dll

    2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-15 11:00 - 000233472 _____ (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION) [File not signed] C:\WINDOWS\system32\spool\DRIVERS\x64\3\EFXUI09A.DLL

    2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-16 01:00 - 000786432 _____ (SEIKO EPSON) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\FAX Utility\Library\ENCM.dll

    2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-16 01:00 - 000278528 _____ (SEIKO EPSON) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\FAX Utility\Library\ENNW.dll

    2018-05-22 18:27 - 2017-02-16 01:00 - 000299008 _____ (SEIKO EPSON) [File not signed] C:\Program Files (x86)\EPSON Software\FAX Utility\Library\ENUTIL.dll

    2018-08-14 14:49 - 2018-08-14 14:49 - 001338368 _____ (The GLib developer community) [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\glib-2.0.dll

    2018-08-14 14:49 - 2018-08-14 14:49 - 000284160 _____ (The GLib developer community) [File not signed] C:\Program Files\TechSmith\Snagit 2019\gobject-2.0.dll

     

    ==================== Alternate Data Streams (Whitelisted) ========

     

    (If an entry is included in the fixlist, only the ADS will be removed.)

     

    AlternateDataStreams: C:\Users\NewUser\Desktop\fall 2017:com.dropbox.attributes [168]

    AlternateDataStreams: C:\Users\NewUser\Desktop\statement332021.docx:com.dropbox.attrs [54]

     

    ==================== Safe Mode (Whitelisted) ==================

     

    ==================== Association (Whitelisted) =================

     

    ==================== Internet Explorer (Whitelisted) ==========

     

    HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main,Start Page = about:blank

    HKLM\Software\Wow6432Node\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main,Start Page = about:blank

    HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main,Search Page = 

    HKLM\Software\Wow6432Node\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main,Search Page = 

    HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main,Default_Page_URL = 

    HKLM\Software\Wow6432Node\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main,Default_Page_URL = 

    HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main,Default_Search_URL = 

    HKLM\Software\Wow6432Node\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main,Default_Search_URL = 

    HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main,Local Page = 

    HKLM\Software\Wow6432Node\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main,Local Page = 

    HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main,Start Page = hxxp://www.bing.com/?pc=COS2&ptag=D122818-A21ABFDD9D88F4162B1F&form=CONMHP&conlogo=CT3332016

    SearchScopes: HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001 -> DefaultScope {0633EE93-D776-472f-A0FF-E1416B8B2E3A} URL = hxxp://www.bing.com/search?pc=COSP&ptag=D122818-N0700A21ABFDD9D88F4162B1F&form=CONBDF&conlogo=CT3332016&q={searchTerms}

    SearchScopes: HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001 -> {0633EE93-D776-472f-A0FF-E1416B8B2E3A} URL = hxxp://www.bing.com/search?pc=COSP&ptag=D122818-N0700A21ABFDD9D88F4162B1F&form=CONBDF&conlogo=CT3332016&q={searchTerms}

    BHO: Skype for Business Browser Helper VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen {31D09BA0-12F5-4CCE-BE8A-2923E76605DA} -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\VFS\ProgramFilesX64\Microsoft Office\Office16\OCHelper.dll [2021-03-01] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

    BHO: HP Network Check Helper -> {E76FD755-C1BA-4DCB-9F13-99BD91223ADE} -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Framework\Resources\HPNetworkCheck\HPNetworkCheckPluginx64.dll [2017-10-27] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

    BHO-x32: Skype for Business Browser Helper -> {31D09BA0-12F5-4CCE-BE8A-2923E76605DA} -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\OCHelper.dll [2021-03-01] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

    BHO-x32: Dashlane BHO -> {42D79B50-CC4A-4A8E-860F-BE674AF053A2} -> C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\Dashlane\ie\Dashlanei.dll [2020-12-21] (Dashlane USA, Inc. -> Dashlane, Inc.)

    BHO-x32: Groove GFS Browser Helper -> {72853161-30C5-4D22-B7F9-0BBC1D38A37E} -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\Office12\GrooveShellExtensions.dll [2006-10-27] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

    BHO-x32: Java™ Plug-In SSV Helper -> {761497BB-D6F0-462C-B6EB-D4DAF1D92D43} -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jre1.8.0_201\bin\ssv.dll [2019-01-28] (Oracle America, Inc. -> Oracle Corporation)

    BHO-x32: Evernote extension -> {92EF2EAD-A7CE-4424-B0DB-499CF856608E} -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Evernote\Evernote\EvernoteIE.dll [2013-07-18] (EVERNOTE CORPORATION -> Evernote Corp., 305 Walnut Street, Redwood City, Adobe Photoshop CS6 FINAL (2014) crack serial keygen 94063) [File not signed]

    BHO-x32: Java™ Plug-In 2 SSV Helper -> {DBC80044-A445-435b-BC74-9C25C1C588A9} -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Java\jre1.8.0_201\bin\jp2ssv.dll [2019-01-28] (Oracle America, Inc. -> Oracle Corporation)

    BHO-x32: HP Network Check Helper -> {E76FD755-C1BA-4DCB-9F13-99BD91223ADE} -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Hewlett-Packard\HP Support Framework\Resources\HPNetworkCheck\HPNetworkCheckPlugin.dll [2017-10-27] (HP Inc. -> HP Inc.)

    Toolbar: HKLM-x32 - Dashlane Toolbar - {669695BC-A811-4A9D-8CDF-BA8C795F261C} - C:\Users\NewUser\AppData\Roaming\Dashlane\ie\KWIEBar.dll [2020-12-21] (Dashlane USA, Inc. -> Dashlane, Inc.)

    Handler-x32: mso-minsb-roaming.16 - {83C25742-A9F7-49FB-9138-434302C88D07} - C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\MSOSB.DLL [2021-04-07] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

    Handler-x32: mso-minsb.16 - {42089D2D-912D-4018-9087-2B87803E93FB} - C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\MSOSB.DLL [2021-04-07] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

    Handler-x32: osf-roaming.16 - {42089D2D-912D-4018-9087-2B87803E93FB} - C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\MSOSB.DLL [2021-04-07] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

    Handler-x32: osf.16 - {5504BE45-A83B-4808-900A-3A5C36E7F77A} - C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\MSOSB.DLL [2021-04-07] (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

     

    (If an entry is included in the fixlist, it will be removed from the registry.)

     

    IE trusted site: HKU\.DEFAULT\.\localhost -> localhost

    IE trusted site: HKU\.DEFAULT\.\webcompanion.com -> hxxp://webcompanion.com

    IE trusted site: HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\.\localhost -> localhost

    IE trusted site: HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\.\webcompanion.com -> Steel Division 2 Game Free Download Torrent trusted site: HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1004\.\localhost -> localhost

    IE trusted site: VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen -> hxxp://webcompanion.com

     

    ==================== Hosts content: =========================

     

    (If needed Hosts: directive could be included in the fixlist to reset Hosts.)

     

    2017-03-18 16:03 - 2020-01-21 17:42 - 000000824 _____ C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\etc\hosts

     

    ==================== Other Areas ===========================

     

    (Currently there is no automatic fix for this section.)

     

    HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Environment\\Path -> C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files\Oracle\Java\javapath;C:\Program Files (x86)\Intel\iCLS Client\;C:\Program Files\Intel\iCLS Client\;%SystemRoot%\system32;%SystemRoot%;%SystemRoot%\System32\Wbem;%SYSTEMROOT%\System32\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\;C:\Program Files (x86)\Skype\Phone\;C:\Program Files (x86)\Intel\Intel® Management Engine Components\DAL;C:\Program Files\Intel\Intel® Management Engine Components\DAL;C:\Program Files (x86)\Intel\Intel® Management Engine Components\IPT;C:\Program Files\Intel\Intel® Management Engine Components\IPT;C:\Program Files\MATLAB\R2017b\bin;%SYSTEMROOT%\System32\OpenSSH\;C:\Program Files\Intel\WiFi\bin\;C:\Program Files\Common Files\Intel\WirelessCommon\;C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\8.1\Windows Performance Toolkit\;C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\Client SDK\ODBC\110\Tools\Binn\;C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft SQL Server\120\Tools\Binn\;C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\120\Tools\Binn\;C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\120\DTS\Binn\;C:\Program Files\MEGA-X;C:\Program Files\Git\cmd;C:\Program Files\Git\bin;

    HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\Control Panel\Desktop\\Wallpaper -> C:\Users\NewUser\Desktop\Screenshot_20191008Gallery.jpg

    HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1004\Control Panel\Desktop\\Wallpaper -> C:\Windows\Web\Wallpaper\Windows\img0.jpg

    DNS Servers: 8.8.8.8

    HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System => (ConsentPromptBehaviorAdmin: 5) (ConsentPromptBehaviorUser: 3) (EnableLUA: 1)

    HKLM\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer => (SmartScreenEnabled: Warn)

    Windows Firewall is enabled.

     

    ==================== MSCONFIG/TASK MANAGER disabled items ==

     

    (If an entry is included in the fixlist, it will be removed.)

     

    HKLM\.\StartupApproved\StartupFolder: => "HP VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen Launch.lnk"

    HKLM\.\StartupApproved\Run: => "SecurityHealth"

    HKLM\.\StartupApproved\Run: => "RtsCM"

    HKLM\.\StartupApproved\Run32: => "HPMessageService"

    HKLM\.\StartupApproved\Run32: => "HPRadioMgr"

    HKU\S-1-5-21-2753109269-1302524837-3123449966-1001\.\StartupApproved\Run: => "OfficeSyncProcess"

     

    ==================== FirewallRules (Whitelisted) ================

     

    (If an entry is included in the fixlist, it will be removed from the registry. The file will not be moved unless listed separately.)

     

    FirewallRules: [TCP Query User{686B8567-6404-46F1-B090-3A8C9C966DCF}C:\program files (x86)\epson software\event manager\eeventmanager.exe] => (Block) C:\program files (x86)\epson software\event manager\eeventmanager.exe (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION -> SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION)

    FirewallRules: [UDP Query User{1189B6B3-BA57-4C85-802D-E20CC99A254A}C:\program files (x86)\epson software\event manager\eeventmanager.exe] => (Block) C:\program files (x86)\epson software\event manager\eeventmanager.exe (SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION -> SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION)

    FirewallRules: [{CDC90281-5630-4FC1-B718-3453990632B2}] => (Allow) C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\outlook.exe (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

    FirewallRules: [{677BB39A-BDA1-47F2-9FE6-608DE7312E10}] => (Allow) C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\Lync.exe (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

    FirewallRules: [{1CBA7942-A6B0-4499-B9CD-CE6CB2C5B3D6}] => (Allow) C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\Lync.exe (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

    FirewallRules: [{2FE40D1E-B0DF-40E2-B6B9-FCEE5A4FAA9C}] => (Allow) C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\UcMapi.exe (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

    FirewallRules: [{42B70782-8176-46E7-84F4-D7D216D5196C}] => (Allow) C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\UcMapi.exe (Microsoft Corporation -> Microsoft Corporation)

    FirewallRules: [{D6F2D994-179B-4091-98C0-952D987D936B}] => (Allow) C:\Program Files (x86)\Google\Chrome\Application\chrome.exe (Google LLC -> Google LLC)

    FirewallRules: [{3E1382BC-C345-4046-A0C1-47F6CC8AB0DF}] => (Allow) C:\Program Files (x86)\CCleaner Browser\Application\CCleanerBrowser.exe (Piriform Software Ltd -> Piriform Software)

     

    ==================== Restore Points =========================

     

    06-04-2021 11:20:29 Scheduled Checkpoint

    14-04-2021 19:29:45 Scheduled Checkpoint

    16-04-2021 15:12:30 Windows Modules Installer

    17-04-2021 20:12:12 Windows Modules Installer

    23-04-2021 04:07:08 Microsoft Visual C++ 2013 Redistributable (x86) - 12.0.40660

    23-04-2021 04:07:29 Microsoft Visual C++ 2013 Redistributable (x64) - 12.0.40660

    25-04-2021 16:17:28 Microsoft Visual C++ 2017 Redistributable (x86) - 14.15.26706

     

    ==================== Faulty Device Manager Devices ============

     

     

    ==================== Event log errors: ========================

     

    Application errors:

    ==================

    Error: (04/29/2021 04:04:01 AM) (Source: SideBySide) (EventID: 35) (User: )

    Description: Activation context generation failed for "C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\lync.exe.Manifest".Error in VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen or policy file "C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\root\Office16\UccApi.DLL" on line 1.

    Component identity found in manifest does not match the identity of the component requested.

    Reference is UccApi,processorArchitecture="AMD64",type="win32",version="16.0.0.0".

    Definition is UccApi,processorArchitecture="x86",type="win32",version="16.0.0.0".

    Please use sxstrace.exe for detailed diagnosis.

     

    Error: (04/29/2021 03:58:29 AM) (Source: Application Error) (EventID: 1000) (User: )

    Description: Faulting application name: SearchApp.exe, version: VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, time stamp: 0x69441820

    Faulting module name: VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, version: 10.0.19041.746, time stamp: 0xd439ca93

    Exception code: 0xc0000005

    Fault offset: 0x00000000000917a2

    Faulting process id: 0x5244

    Faulting application start time: 0x01d73cd5d1a28403

    Faulting application path: C:\Windows\SystemApps\Microsoft.Windows.Search_cw5n1h2txyewy\SearchApp.exe

    Faulting module path: C:\Windows\System32\ConstraintIndex.Search.dll

    Report Id: aea57847-f431-4e20-8935-4834bf4fa398

    Faulting package full name: Microsoft.Windows.Search_1.14.0.19041_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy

    Faulting package-relative application ID: CortanaUI

     

    Error: (04/29/2021 03:58:22 AM) (Source: Application Error) (EventID: 1000) (User: )

    Description: Faulting application name: SearchApp.exe, version: 10.0.19041.844, time stamp: 0x69441820

    Faulting module name: ConstraintIndex.Search.dll, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen 10.0.19041.746, time stamp: 0xd439ca93

    Exception code: VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen offset: 0x00000000000917a2

    Faulting process id: 0x35b0

    Faulting application start time: 0x01d73cd5cb8ade3e

    Faulting application path: C:\Windows\SystemApps\Microsoft.Windows.Search_cw5n1h2txyewy\SearchApp.exe

    Faulting module path: C:\Windows\System32\ConstraintIndex.Search.dll

    Report Id: 12a95fa6-639e-490a-aed9-3284cd2249d9

    Faulting package full name: Microsoft.Windows.Search_1.14.0.19041_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy

    Faulting package-relative application ID: CortanaUI

     

    Error: (04/29/2021 03:58:10 AM) (Source: Application Error) (EventID: 1000) (User: )

    Description: Faulting application name: SearchApp.exe, version: 10.0.19041.844, time stamp: 0x69441820

    Faulting module name: ConstraintIndex.Search.dll, version: 10.0.19041.746, time stamp: 0xd439ca93

    Exception code: 0xc0000005

    Fault offset: 0x00000000000917a2

    Faulting process id: 0x4c64

    Faulting application start time: 0x01d73cd5c475aea7

    Faulting application path: C:\Windows\SystemApps\Microsoft.Windows.Search_cw5n1h2txyewy\SearchApp.exe

    Faulting module path: C:\Windows\System32\ConstraintIndex.Search.dll

    Report Id: a57bf986-fea2-4b28-b2d7-c891eb298055

    Faulting package full name: Microsoft.Windows.Search_1.14.0.19041_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy

    Faulting package-relative application ID: CortanaUI

     

    Error: (04/29/2021 01:05:54 AM) (Source: Application Error) (EventID: 1000) (User: )

    Description: Faulting application name: SearchApp.exe, version: 10.0.19041.844, time stamp: 0x69441820

    Faulting module name: ConstraintIndex.Search.dll, version: 10.0.19041.746, time stamp: 0xd439ca93

    Exception code: 0xc0000005

    Fault offset: 0x00000000000917a2

    Faulting process id: 0x11b8

    Faulting application start time: 0x01d73ca48def8fe0

    Faulting application VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen C:\Windows\SystemApps\Microsoft.Windows.Search_cw5n1h2txyewy\SearchApp.exe

    Faulting module path: C:\Windows\System32\ConstraintIndex.Search.dll

    Report Id: 42c58136-502c-4f10-a550-ca3fe6acffdc

    Faulting package full name: Microsoft.Windows.Search_1.14.0.19041_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy

    Faulting package-relative application ID: CortanaUI

     

    Error: (04/28/2021 10:05:44 PM) (Source: Application Error) (EventID: 1000) (User: )

    Description: Faulting application name: SearchApp.exe, version: 10.0.19041.844, time stamp: 0x69441820

    Faulting module name: ConstraintIndex.Search.dll, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen 10.0.19041.746, time stamp: 0xd439ca93

    Exception code: 0xc0000005

    Fault offset: 0x00000000000917a2

    Faulting process id: 0x2d7c

    Faulting application start time: 0x01d73ca48abf593f

    Faulting application path: C:\Windows\SystemApps\Microsoft.Windows.Search_cw5n1h2txyewy\SearchApp.exe

    Faulting module path: C:\Windows\System32\ConstraintIndex.Search.dll

    Report Id: c09345e4-4a32-4efe-93f6-35d1a10137d3

    Faulting package full name: Microsoft.Windows.Search_1.14.0.19041_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy

    Faulting package-relative application ID: CortanaUI

     

    Error: (04/28/2021 VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen PM) (Source: Application Error) (EventID: 1000) (User: )

    Description: Faulting application name: SearchApp.exe, version: 10.0.19041.844, time stamp: 0x69441820

    Faulting module name: ConstraintIndex.Search.dll, version: 10.0.19041.746, time stamp: 0xd439ca93

    Exception code: 0xc0000005

    Fault offset: 0x00000000000917a2

    Faulting process id: 0x2080

    Faulting application start time: 0x01d73ca4873e645e

    Faulting application path: C:\Windows\SystemApps\Microsoft.Windows.Search_cw5n1h2txyewy\SearchApp.exe

    Faulting module path: C:\Windows\System32\ConstraintIndex.Search.dll

    Report Id: 3756a366-c62a-4530-bab4-a1c53ae16a28

    Faulting package full name: Microsoft.Windows.Search_1.14.0.19041_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy

    Faulting package-relative application ID: CortanaUI

     

    Error: (04/28/2021 10:04:20 PM) (Source: Application Error) (EventID: 1000) (User: )

    Description: Faulting application name: SearchApp.exe, version: 10.0.19041.844, time stamp: 0x69441820

    Faulting module name: ConstraintIndex.Search.dll, version: 10.0.19041.746, time stamp: 0xd439ca93

    Exception code: 0xc0000005

    Fault offset: 0x00000000000917a2

    Faulting process id: 0x46f0

    Faulting application start time: 0x01d73ca458e99d08

    Faulting application path: C:\Windows\SystemApps\Microsoft.Windows.Search_cw5n1h2txyewy\SearchApp.exe

    Faulting module path: C:\Windows\System32\ConstraintIndex.Search.dll

    Report Id: 8250590b-e29f-401b-a7ee-af0da1b7c754

    Faulting package full name: Microsoft.Windows.Search_1.14.0.19041_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy

    Faulting package-relative application ID: CortanaUI

     

     

    System errors:

    =============

    Error: (04/28/2021 09:48:47 PM) (Source: DCOM) (EventID: 10010) (User: AKINTOLA)

    Description: The server Microsoft.SkypeApp_15.68.96.0_x86__kzf8qxf38zg5c!App.AppXtwmqn4em5r5dpafgj4t4yyxgjfe0hr50.mca did not register with DCOM within the required timeout.

     

    Error: (04/26/2021 01:29:26 PM) (Source: DCOM) (EventID: 10010) (User: AKINTOLA)

    Description: The server Microsoft.SkypeApp_15.68.96.0_x86__kzf8qxf38zg5c!App.AppXtwmqn4em5r5dpafgj4t4yyxgjfe0hr50.mca did not register with DCOM within the required timeout.

     

    Error: (04/26/2021 01:28:14 PM) (Source: DCOM) (EventID: 10010) (User: AKINTOLA)

    Description: The server Microsoft.Windows.Search_1.14.0.19041_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy!CortanaUI did not register with DCOM within the required timeout.

     

    Error: (04/26/2021 01:28:12 PM) (Source: DCOM) (EventID: 10010) (User: AKINTOLA)

    Description: The server Microsoft.Windows.Search_1.14.0.19041_neutral_neutral_cw5n1h2txyewy!CortanaUI did not register with DCOM within the required timeout.

     

    Error: (04/26/2021 01:28:10 PM) (Source: DCOM) (EventID: 10010) (User: AKINTOLA)

    Description: The server {776DBC8D-7347-478C-8D71-791E12EF49D8} did not register with DCOM Windows Movie Maker [2022] Crack With Registration Code Download the required timeout.

     

    Error: (04/26/2021 01:28:09 PM) (Source: DCOM) (EventID: 10010) (User: AKINTOLA)

    Description: The server {776DBC8D-7347-478C-8D71-791E12EF49D8} did not register with DCOM within the required timeout.

     

    Error: (04/26/2021 12:42:00 PM) (Source: DCOM) (EventID: 10010) (User: AKINTOLA)

    Description: The server Microsoft.SkypeApp_15.68.96.0_x86__kzf8qxf38zg5c!App.AppXtwmqn4em5r5dpafgj4t4yyxgjfe0hr50.mca did not VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen with DCOM within the required timeout.

     

    Error: (04/26/2021 12:38:07 PM) (Source: DCOM) (EventID: 10010) (User: AKINTOLA)

    Description: The server Microsoft.SkypeApp_15.68.96.0_x86__kzf8qxf38zg5c!App.AppXtwmqn4em5r5dpafgj4t4yyxgjfe0hr50.mca did not register with DCOM within the required timeout.

     

     

    Windows Defender:

    ================

    Date: 2021-04-25 23:34:04

    Description: 

    Microsoft Defender Antivirus has encountered an error trying to update security intelligence.

    New security intelligence Version: 

    Previous security intelligence Version: 1.307.2129.0

    Update Source: Microsoft Malware Protection Center

    Security intelligence Type: AntiVirus

    Update Type: Full

    Current Engine Version: 

    Previous Engine Version: 1.1.16600.7

    Error code: 0x80072ee7

    Error description: The server name or address could not be resolved 

     

    Date: 2021-04-25 23:34:04

    Description: 

    Microsoft Defender Antivirus has encountered an error trying to update security intelligence.

    New security intelligence Version: 

    Previous security intelligence Version: 1.307.2129.0

    Update Source: Microsoft Malware Protection Center

    Security intelligence Type: AntiSpyware

    Update Type: Full

    Current Engine Version: 

    Previous Engine Version: 1.1.16600.7

    Error code: 0x80072ee7

    Error description: The server name or address could not be resolved 

     

    Date: 2021-04-25 23:34:04

    Description: 

    Microsoft Defender Antivirus has encountered an error trying to update security intelligence.

    New security intelligence Version: 

    Previous security intelligence Version: 1.307.2129.0

    Update Source: Microsoft Malware Protection Center

    Security intelligence Type: AntiVirus

    Update Type: Full

    Current Engine Version: 

    Previous Engine Version: 1.1.16600.7

    Error code: 0x80072ee7

    Error description: The server name or address could not be resolved 

     

    Date: 2021-04-25 23:34:04

    Description: 

    Microsoft Defender Antivirus has encountered an error trying to update security intelligence.

    New security intelligence Version: 

    Previous security intelligence Version: 1.307.2129.0

    Update Source: Microsoft Malware Protection Center

    Security intelligence Type: AntiVirus

    Update Type: Full

    Current Engine Version: 

    Previous Engine Version: 1.1.16600.7

    Error code: 0x80072ee7

    Error description: The server name or address could not be resolved 

     

    Date: 2021-04-25 23:34:04

    Description: 

    Microsoft Defender Antivirus VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen encountered an error trying to update security intelligence.

    New security intelligence Version: 

    Previous security intelligence Version: 1.307.2129.0

    Update Source: Microsoft Malware Protection Center

    Security intelligence Type: AntiSpyware

    Update Type: Full

    Current Engine Version: 

    Previous Engine Version: 1.1.16600.7

    Error code: 0x80072ee7

    Error description: The server name or address could not be resolved 

     

    CodeIntegrity:

    ===============

    Date: 2021-04-29 03:59:00

    Description: 

    Code Integrity determined that a process (\Device\HarddiskVolume4\Windows\System32\svchost.exe) attempted to load \Device\HarddiskVolume4\Program Files\Bitdefender Antivirus Free\bdamsi\265246505982159575\antimalware_provider64.dll that did not meet the Windows signing level requirements.

     

    Date: 2021-04-28 21:52:04

    Description: 

    Code Integrity determined that a process (\Device\HarddiskVolume4\Windows\System32\SIHClient.exe) attempted to load \Device\HarddiskVolume4\Program Files\Bitdefender Antivirus Free\bdamsi\265246505982159575\antimalware_provider64.dll that did not meet the Windows signing level requirements.

     

     

    ==================== Memory info =========================== 

     

    BIOS: American Megatrends Inc. F.49 05/03/2019

    Motherboard: HP 827E

    Processor: Intel® Core™ i7-7500U CPU @ 2.70GHz

    Percentage of memory in use: 52%

    Total physical RAM: 16228 MB

    Available physical RAM: 7649.44 MB

    Total VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen 21348 MB

    Available Virtual: 11279.53 MB

     

    ==================== Drives ================================

     

    Drive c: () (Fixed) (Total:389.6 GB) (Free:169.05 GB) NTFS

    Drive d: (New Volume) (Fixed) (Total:85.83 GB) (Free:65.36 GB) NTFS

     

    \\?\Volume{c18fd44d-389b-4603-9c31-c1edf13516c0}\ (Recovery) (Fixed) (Total:0.29 GB) (Free:0.28 GB) NTFS

    \\?\Volume{b28f976c-2618-4ad6-93de-c9606b9935e4}\ () (Fixed) (Total:0.96 GB) (Free:0.33 GB) NTFS

    \\?\Volume{bb7a50f4-dc08-4c63-aa50-e70ec6a245bd}\ () (Fixed) (Total:0.24 GB) (Free:0.14 GB) FAT32

     

    ==================== MBR & Partition Table ====================

     

    ==========================================================

    Disk: 0 (Size: 476.9 GB) (Disk ID: 033362DE)

     

    Partition: GPT.

     

    ==================== End of Addition.txt =======================


    Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

    Fix: MacBook Pro Speakers Crackling

    Aside from adjusting your sound settings, some of the most common ways of stopping your MacBook pro speakers from crackling include restarting your Mac, installing the latest updates, resetting NVRAM, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, or rebooting your Mac in Safe Mode.

     

    As reliable as your MacBook is, sound problems are relatively common. Crackly audio, distorted audio, or clicking sounds through your speakers are frustrating, but something which can happen to anyone, especially VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen your mac is running older versions of macOS.
     

    Before we start
     

    Like many hardware issues, crackling speakers can be caused by software problems. And updating your apps can be the solution. With MacKeeper, you can easily check for and apply updates.

    1. Start MacKeeper, and select Update Tracker
    2. Click Scan for updates
    3. Click the Select All box
    4. Click Update all


    Keeping your software up to date is that easy with MacKeeper. Want to try it out? Download it now, and test all the tools for yourself.

     

    Luckily, it can be quite easy to fix most sound problems yourself. Whether your speaker is crackling at high volumes, you’re hearing random clicking or popping sounds, or any other audio-related problem, this short guide is here to help you find and solve the problem yourself.

     

    There are several different things to try, and this guide will take you step-by-step through some of Cinch Audio Recorder 4.0.2 Key + Activation Code Full Crack 2021 most common tried-and-tested solutions:

    1. Checking your sound preferences
    2. Restarting your Mac
    3. Making sure your Mac is up to date
    4. Running Apple Diagnostics
    5. Resetting your Mac’s NVRAM
    6. Rebooting your Mac in Safe Mode

    Checking your sound preferences

    A crackling sound from your speakers could be the work of a built-in sound effect. To check this

    1. Go to System Preferences
    2. Sound — Sound Effects
    3. See if any sound effects are selected

    For me, the "funk" sound was pre-selected, but some effects like "bottle" or "pop" make a clicking noise that could be mistaken for crackly audio.

     

    To fix this, uncheck the box marked play user interface sound effects.

    system preferences sound

    If you have checked your sound preferences and are still hearing a crackling sound from your speakers, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, try working through the following steps:

    Restarting your Mac

    Although it seems almost too obvious, one of the first things to do when facing problems with your mac is to try restarting it. A simple restart of your mac can solve a variety of issues including crackly audio.

    Making sure your Mac is up to date

    A common reason for mac features to stop working is that your mac has not installed all of the available software updates. To install macOS updates:

    1. Go to System Preferences
    2. Software Update
    3. Click Upgrade Now to install the latest updates
    software update tab

    If you want your mac to automatically install all updates in the future, check the box marked Automatically keep my Mac up to date. Your mac will send you notifications when it is required to restart for an update, which you can always choose to do at a later date.

     

    Further reading: How to update software on Mac.

    Running Apple Diagnostics

    MacBook Pro speakers crackling could very well be a hardware issue. To check this, try running Apple Diagnostics, which is a feature built into most Macs used to check your device for any hardware issues. This can be a complicated process, but don’t worry! We’ll talk you through it in the steps below:

    1. Make sure your Mac is connected to Wi-Fi and plugged into an AC power source with a power adapter
    2. Unplug all external devices such as hard drives
    3. Shut down your Mac
    4. Reboot your Mac and hold the D key during startup. This should open up the Mac system diagnostics mode
    5. Once Apple Diagnostics is open, the check-up should start automatically and display a progress bar and an estimation of the remaining time
    6. Once the test is finished, it will display one of two messages:
      • If the test didn’t find VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen wrong, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, it will display a No issues found message. If you are still unsure, you can run the test again.
      • If the test has found any issues with your Mac, it will display a brief description of them with reference codes and additional instructions. If this happens, write down the codes and use this handy guide to find out what they mean and the next steps to take.

    To start Apple Diagnostics on MacBooks with Apple M1 chip, restart the computer, press and hold the power button for 10 seconds to open Startup Options, then hold Command+D to enter Diagnostics Mode.

    Resetting your Mac’s NVRAM

    Alternatively, distorted audio could be related to an issue in the NVRAM. The NVRAM stores particular settings such as time zone, sound volume, and display resolution, regardless of the power being turned on or off.  A quick(ish) fix for this could be to reset the NVRAM using the following steps (on Intel-based Macs):

    1. Shut down your Mac
    2. Turn it back on and immediately press and hold the Option, Command, P, and R keys
    3. After around 20 seconds, these keys can be released and your mac might look like it is restarting

    If you own an M1 Mac, resetting NVRAM will be a different process as M1-based Macs don’t support NVRAM.
     

    Try this alternative way:

    1. Open the Terminal app via Spotlight
    2. In the Terminal window enter the following command: NVRAM -c

    Because NVRAM is used to store settings such as time zone, sound volume, display resolution, VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen, you may need to go to system preferences and adjust any settings that may have been reset.

    Rebooting your Mac in safe mode

    Safe mode is a feature available to macOS users that can help you to determine whether a problem is being caused by the software when your mac starts up. To initiate safe mode, follow these steps:

     

    First, determine whether your mac runs with Apple Silicone or an Intel Processor. You can find this out with the About this Mac feature. A Mac that runs with Apple Silicone will have an item labeled chip and the name of the chip used for your system. A Mac with an Intel Processor will instead mention a processor, such as the one pictured below.

    about this mac overview

    This guide is for a Mac with an Intel Processor:

    1. Turn on or restart your Mac and wait for the startup chime
    2. Press and hold the Shift key until a bar and an Apple logo appear on the screen
    3. Your laptop will now start in safe mode

    To boot into safe mode on an M1 Mac:

    1. Power down your Mac. Press and hold the power button for 10 seconds
    2. Release when you see the startup options window
    3. Choose your startup disk — hold down Shift
    4. Click Continue in Safe Mode and release the Shift key
    5. Log in to find your Mac in VIRU KEEPER 2017 crack serial keygen mode

    Safe mode should work to clear your Mac of any problematic software and unnecessary cache, leaving your mac working faster, smoother, and hopefully eliminating any potential startup problems your Mac may have been experiencing.

     

    These steps are some of the most common fixes for broken or crackly audio on a MacBook. However, if you have worked Ableton Live Registration Key Archives - Malik Softs all of these steps and your MacBook Pro speakers are still acting up, it might be time to contact Apple support.

     

    Read more: 

    Written By

    Ruslana Lishchuk

    With over 5 years of supporting Mac users, Ruslana lives and breathes everything Mac. Tech expert, Apple lover, and well, a cutie. Say hi on LinkedIn!

    With over 5 years of supporting Mac users, Ruslana lives and breathes everything Mac. Tech expert, Apple lover, and well, a cutie. Say hi on LinkedIn!

    Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

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    print pack"C*",split/\D+/,`echo "16iII*o\[email protected]{$/=$z;[(pop,pop,unpack"H*",<> )]}\EsMsKsN0[lN*1lK[d2%Sa2/d0<X+d*lMLa^*lN%0]dsXx++lMlN/dsM0<J]dsJxp"

    This is a listing of all casks available from the cask tap via the Homebrew package manager for macOS.

    0-ad0 A.D.0.0.25b-alpha
    010-editor010 Editor12.0.1
    115browser115Browser24.5.0.1
    1clipboard1Clipboard0.1.8
    1password1Password7.9.1
    1password-cli1Password CLI1.12.3
    360safe360 Total Security1.2.6
    3dgenceslicer3DGence Slicer3.0.0,4.0
    4k-slideshow-maker4K Slideshow Maker2.0.1
    4k-stogram4K Stogram3.4.3
    4k-video-downloader4K Video Downloader4.18.5
    4k-video-to-mp34K Video to MP33.0.1
    4k-youtube-to-mp34K YouTube to MP34.3.5
    4peaks4Peaks1.8
    5kplayer5KPlayer6.9.0,5000
    777777771.1.3
    8bitdo-ultimate-software8BitDo Ultimate Software2.0.4
    8x8-meet8x8 Meet0.3.8.1
    8x8-work8x8_work7.13.2-2
    a-better-finder-attributesA Better Finder Attributes7.17
    a-better-finder-renameA Better Finder Rename11.39
    a-slower-speed-of-lightA Slower Speed of Light2020
    ableton-live-introAbleton Live Intro11.0.12
    ableton-live-liteAbleton Live Lite11.0.12
    ableton-live-standardAbleton Live Standard11.0.12
    ableton-live-suiteAbleton Live Suite11.0.12
    abricotineabricotine0.7.0
    abscissaAbscissa4.0.5
    abstractAbstract98.0.5
    abyssoft-teleportteleport1.3.3
    accessmenubarappsAccessMenuBarApps2.6.1,15
    accordanceAccordance Bible Software13.3.2
    accuricsAccurics CLI1.0.27
    ace-linkAce Link1.9.0
    acornAcorn7.1.1,15968
    acousticbrainz-guiAcousticBrainz0.1
    acquia-devAcquia Dev Desktop2.2021.01.14
    acronis-true-imageAcronis True Image2021
    acslogoACSLogo1.6.0.2
    activedockActiveDock2.99,2199
    activitywatchActivityWatch0.11.0
    actualActual0.0.144
    actual-odbc-packActual ODBC Driver Packlatest
    adapterAdapter2.1.6
    adguardAdguard2.6.1.1051
    adguard-vpnAdguard VPN1.1.0.167
    adiumAdium1.5.10.4
    adobe-acrobat-proAdobe Acrobat Pro DC21.007.20099
    adobe-acrobat-readerAdobe Acrobat Reader DC21.007.20099
    adobe-airAdobe AIR33.1.1.674
    adobe-connectAdobe Connect11,2021.9.28
    adobe-creative-cloudAdobe Creative Cloud5.6.0.788
    adobe-creative-cloud-cleaner-toolAdobe Creative Cloud Cleaner Tool4.3.0.190
    adobe-digital-editionsAdobe Digital Editions4.5.11
    adobe-dng-converterAdobe DNG Converter14.0
    adoptopenjdkAdoptOpenJDK Java Development Kit16.0.1,9
    adriveAliyundrivelatest
    advancedrestclientAdvanced REST Client16.0.1
    aegisubAegisub3.2.2
    aerialAerial Screensaver2.3.3
    aetherAether2.0.0-dev.15,201126224.
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    keycastKeyCast1.1
    keycastrKeyCastr0.9.11
    keycombinerkeycombiner0.5.0
    keycueKeyCue9.10