September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection

September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection

Discover the latest video game release dates at Best Buy. Find all the latest news Release date: 9/14/21. $10 in reward Release date: 10/7/21. Collection of Top Rated Crack, Keygen and Patch Software. Download All Kind Of Crack Software's For PC and MAC OS.

youtube video

FREE DOWNLOAD AND INSTALL AUTOCAD 2021 . Microsoft", September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection. Windows. Microsoft. Retrieved October 14, 2021.
  • ^"Windows 10 and Windows 11 in S mode FAQ". support.microsoft.com. Retrieved October 23, 2021.
  • ^Lyons, Kim (June 24, 2021). "Windows 11 Home will require a Microsoft account and an internet connection at setup". The Verge. Retrieved October 15, 2021.
  • ^Warren, Tom (November 9, 2021). "Microsoft announces Windows 11 SE, a new Chrome OS competitor". The Verge. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
  • ^Cunningham, Andrew (November 9, 2021). "The latest Surface is a $250 September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection that takes a swing at cheap Chromebooks". Ars Technica. Retrieved November 10, 2021.
  • ^Gralla, Preston (October 29, 2021). "Windows 11 Insider Previews: What's in the latest build?". Computerworld. Retrieved November 3, 2021.
  • ^https://thewincentral.com/report-windows-11-build-22000-featuring-the-new-ui-refresh-to-be-the-cobalt-rtm-build-if-all-goes-fine/
  • ^"Compatibility for Windows 11- Compatibility Cookbook". Microsoft Docs. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
  • ^Hagedoorn, Hilbert. "Microsoft removes mandatory >1TB storage requirement for DirectStorage NVMe SSDs". Guru3D.com. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  • ^Joel Hruska (May 18, 2007). "Windows Server 2008 declared 32-bit's last hurrah". Ars Technica. Retrieved August 24, 2021.
  • ^Jason Perlow (April 30, 2009). "Make no bones about it: Server 2008 R2 is really Windows Server 7". ZDNet. Retrieved September 30, 2021.
  • ^Lindsay, Greg. "Windows 11 requirements – What's new in Windows". Microsoft Docs. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
  • ^"AMD Ryzen 5 1600 AF Review". TechSpot. Retrieved October 6, 2021.
  • ^"Windows Processor Requirements". Microsoft Docs. Archived from the original on June 25, 2021. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
  • ^Lilly, Paul (September 9, 2021). "Asus is issuing BIOS updates to support Windows 11 on unsupported Intel CPUs". PC Gamer. Retrieved October 6, 2021.
  • ^"Update on Windows 11 minimum system requirements and the PC Health Check app". Windows Insider Blog. August 27, 2021. September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection August 28, 2021.
  • Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

    Overview

    Advertisement:

    Advertisement

    Welcome to the homepage of FileZilla®, the free FTP solution. The FileZilla Client not only supports FTP, but also FTP over TLS (FTPS) and SFTP. It is open source software distributed free of charge under the terms of the GNU General Public License.

    We are also offering FileZilla Pro, with additional protocol support for WebDAV, Amazon S3, Backblaze B2, Dropbox, Microsoft OneDrive, Google Drive, Microsoft Azure Blob and File Storage, and Google Cloud Storage.

    Last but not least, FileZilla Server is a free open source FTP and FTPS Server.

    Support is available through our forums, the wiki and the bug and feature request trackers.

    In addition, you will find documentation on how to compile FileZilla and nightly builds for multiple platforms in the development section.

    Quick download links

    Pick the client if you want to transfer files. Get the server if you want to make files available for others.

    News Atom feed icon

    2021-10-29 - FileZilla Server 1.1.0 released

    Fixed vulnerabilities:

    • MSW: Fixed directory traversal vulnerability, all users of 1.x must update

    Bugfixes and minor changes:

    • MSW: Fixed installer getting stuck if not installing all components
    • MSW: Installer enables minidump for executables
    • Fixed CIDR parsing
    • Fixed potential crash if a transfer gets aborted

    2021-10-27 - FileZilla Client 3.56.2 released

    Bugfixes and minor changes:

    • Fixed a potential crash after uploading

    2021-10-26 - FileZilla Client 3.56.1 released

    Bugfixes and minor changes:

    • macOS Monterey: Opening the Site Manager on startup is now delayed a millisecond, otherwise the right mouse button would have stopped working
    • macOS: Fixed getting temporary directory
    • MSW: Updated to libfilezilla 0.34.1 to fix local directory contents returned by the system in oversized buffers containing nulls

    2021-09-10 - FileZilla Usability Survey

    We are collaborating with Simply Secure to make improvements to FileZilla's user experience. They would like to hear from you about your experience with FileZilla and understand your needs.

    Take the survey.

    2020-07-16 - FileZilla Pro Adds Support for Keystone V3, OneDrive Sharing, and Amazon STS

    By adding support for the OpenStack Swift Keystone v3 identity service, OneDrive Sharing, and Amazon Secure Token Service (STS). FileZilla Pro is making it possible for its users to store and share files with greater versatility and security. Read the full news.

    2019-11-07 - FileZilla Pro to continue work with bug bounty program

    Building on success of participation in EU security project, FileZilla will continue participating and investing project resources in bug bounty program. Read the full news.

    2019-07-29 - FileZilla refocuses on security after participation in EU bug bounty program

    European Union-spondored "bug bounty" program found some security issues which have promptly been fixed.

    Read the full news.

    Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

    Microsoft today pushed software updates to plug dozens of security holes in Windows and related products, including a vulnerability that is already being exploited in active attacks. Also, Apple has issued an emergency update to fix a flaw that’s reportedly been abused to install spyware on iOS products, and Google‘s got a new version of Chrome that tackles two zero-day flaws. Finally, Adobe has released critical security updates for Acrobat, Reader and a slew of other software.

    Four of the flaws fixed in this patch batch earned Microsoft’s most-dire “critical” rating, meaning they could be exploited by miscreants or malware to remotely compromise a Windows PC with little or no help from the user.

    Top of the critical heap is CVE-2021-40444, which affects the “MSHTML” component of Internet Explorer (IE) on Windows 10 and many Windows Server versions. In a security advisory last week, Microsoft warned attackers already are exploiting the flaw through Microsoft Office applications as well as IE.

    The critical bug CVE-2021-36965 is interesting, as it involves a remote code execution flaw in “WLAN AutoConfig,” the component in Windows 10 and many Server versions that handles auto-connections to Wi-Fi networks. One mitigating factor here is that the attacker and target would have to be on the same network, although many systems are configured to auto-connect to Wi-Fi network names with which they have previously connected.

    Allan Liska, senior security architect at Recorded Future, said a similar vulnerability — CVE-2021-28316 — was announced in April.

    “CVE-2021-28316 was a security bypass vulnerability, not remote code execution, and it has never been reported as publicly exploited,” Liska said. “That being said, the ubiquity of systems deployed with WLAN AutoConfig enabled could make it an attractive target for exploitation.”

    Another critical weakness that enterprises using Azure should prioritize is CVE-2021-38647, which is a remote code execution bug in Azure Open Management Infrastructure (OMI) that has a CVSS Score of 9.8 (10 is the worst), September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection. It was reported and detailed by researchers at Wiz.io, who said CVE-2021-38647 was one of four bugs in Azure OMI they found that Microsoft patched this week.

    “We conservatively estimate that thousands of Azure customers and millions of endpoints are affected,” Wiz.io’s Nir Ohfeld wrote. “In a small sample of Azure tenants we analyzed, over 65% were unknowingly at risk.”

    Kevin Breen of Immersive Labs calls attention to several “privilege escalation” flaws fixed by Microsoft this month, noting that while these bugs carry lesser severity ratings, Microsoft considers them more likely to be exploited by bad guys and malware.

    “CVE-2021-38639 and CVE-2021-36975 have also been listed as ‘exploitation more likely’ and together cover the full range of supported Windows versions,” Breem wrote. “I am starting to feel like a broken record when talking about privilege escalation vulnerabilities. They typically have a lower CVSS score than something like Remote Code Execution, but these local exploits can be the linchpin in the post-exploitation phases of an experienced attacker. If you can block them here you have the potential to significantly limit their damage. If we assume a determined attacker will be able to infect a victim’s device through social engineering or other techniques, I would argue that patching these is even more important than patching some other Remote Code execution vulnerabilities.”

    Apple on Monday pushed out an urgent security update to fix a “zero-click” iOS vulnerability (CVE-2021-30860) reported by researchers at Citizen Lab that allows commands to be run when files are opened on certain Apple devices. Citizen Lab found that an exploit for CVE-2021-30860 was being used by the NSO Group, an Israeli tech company whose spyware enables the remote surveillance of smartphones.

    Google also released a new version of its Chrome browser on Monday to fix nine vulnerabilities, including two that are under active attack. If you’re running Chrome, keep a lookout for when you see an “Update” tab appear to the right of the address bar. If it’s been a while since you closed the browser, you might see the Update button turn from green to orange and then red. Green means an update has been available for two days; orange means four days have elapsed, and red means your browser is a week or more behind on important updates. Completely close and restart the browser to install any pending updates.

    As it usually does on Patch Tuesday, Adobe also released new versions of Reader, Acrobat and a large number of other products. Adobe says it is not aware of any exploits in the wild for any of the issues addressed in its updates today.

    For a complete rundown of all patches released today and indexed by severity, check out the always-useful Patch Tuesday roundup from the SANS Internet Storm Center, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection. And it’s not a bad idea to hold off updating for a few days until Microsoft works out any kinks in the updates: AskWoody.com usually has the lowdown on any patches that are causing problems for Windows users.

    On that note, before you update please make sure you have backed up your system and/or important files. It’s not uncommon for a Windows update package to hose one’s system or prevent it September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection booting properly, and some updates have been known to erase or corrupt files.

    So do yourself a favor and backup before installing any patches. Windows 10 even has some built-in tools to help you do that, either on a per-file/folder basis or by making a complete and bootable copy of your hard drive all at once.

    And if you wish to ensure Windows has been set to pause updating so you can back up your files and/or system before the operating system decides to reboot and install patches on its own schedule, see this guide.

    If you experience glitches or problems installing any of these patches this month, please consider leaving a comment about it below; there’s a decent chance other readers have experienced the same and may chime in here with useful tips.

    This entry was posted on Tuesday 14th of September 2021 05:00 PM

    Time to Patch

    adobeAllan LiskaappleAzure OMIchromeCVE-2021-28316CVE-2021-30860CVE-2021-36965CVE-2021-38647CVE-2021-40444googleImmersive LabsKevin BreenMicrosoft Patch Tuesday September 2021Nir OhfeldRecorded Future

    Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

    Windows 10

    Personal computer operating system by Microsoft released in 2015

    This article is about the operating system for personal computers. For the related (now discontinued) operating system for mobile devices, see Windows 10 Mobile.

    Not to be confused with Windows 1.0.

    Windows 10 Logo.svg
    Windows 10 Home Version 21H1 Desktop.png

    Screenshot of Windows 10 version 21H1, showing the Start Menu September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection Action Center in light theme

    DeveloperMicrosoft
    Written in
    OS familyMicrosoft Windows
    Source model
    Released to
    manufacturing
    July 15, 2015; 6 years ago (2015-07-15)
    General
    availability
    July 29, 2015; 6 years ago (2015-07-29)
    Latest release21H2 (10.0.19044.1348) (November 16, 2021; 3 days ago (2021-11-16)[5]) [±]
    Latest preview10.0.19044.1381 (November 18, 2021; 1 day ago (2021-11-18)[6]) [±]
    Marketing targetPersonal computing
    Available in110 languages[7][8] (Specific language packs included on the device depend on the mobile operator (for cellular connected devices) or device manufacturer. Additional language packs are available for download on the Microsoft Store, pursuant to manufacturer and carrier support.)

    List of languages

    Update method
    PlatformsIA-32, x86-64, ARMv7,[9][10]ARM64[11][12][13]
    Kernel typeHybrid (Windows NT kernel)
    UserlandNative API
    Windows API
    .NET Framework
    Universal Windows Platform
    Windows Subsystem for Linux
    NTVDM (IA-32 only)
    Default
    user interface
    Windows shell (graphical)
    LicenseTrialware,[14]Microsoft Software Assurance, MSDN subscription, Microsoft Imagine
    Preceded byWindows 8.1 (2013)
    Succeeded byWindows 11 (2021)
    Official websitewww.microsoft.com/en-us/software-download/windows10
    All editions except "Enterprise LTSB/LTSC" are supported until October 14, 2025 as long as they install the latest feature upgrades.[15][16] The Enterprise LTSB/LTSC editions are supported for 10 years after their release date. See § Support lifecycle for details.

    Windows 10 is a major release of the Windows NToperating system developed by Microsoft. It is the successor to Windows 8.1, which was released nearly two years earlier, and itself was released to manufacturing on July 15, 2015, and broadly released for the general public on July 29, 2015.[17] Windows 10 was made available for download via MSDN and TechNet, as a free upgrade for retail copies of Windows 8 and Windows 8.1 users via the Windows Store, and to Windows 7 users via Windows Update, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection. Windows 10 receives new builds on an ongoing basis, which are available at no additional cost to users, in addition to additional test builds of Windows 10, which are available to Windows Insiders. Devices in enterprise environments can receive these updates at a slower pace, or use long-term support milestones that only receive critical updates, such as security patches, over their ten-year lifespan of extended support.[18][19]

    Windows 10 received generally positive reviews upon its original release. Critics praised Microsoft's decision to provide the desktop-oriented interface in line with previous versions of Windows, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, contrasting the tablet-oriented approach of Windows 8, although Windows 10's touch-oriented user interface mode was criticized for containing regressions upon the touch-oriented September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection of its predecessor. Critics also praised the improvements to Windows 10's bundled software over Windows 8.1, Xbox Live integration, as well as the functionality and capabilities of the Cortana personal assistant and the replacement of Internet Explorer with Microsoft Edge. However, media outlets have been critical of the changes to operating system behaviors, including mandatory update installation, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, privacy concerns over data collection performed by the OS for Microsoft and its partners, and adware-like tactics used to promote the operating system on its release.[20]

    Microsoft initially aimed to have Windows 10 installed on over one billion devices within three years of its release;[18] that goal was ultimately reached almost five years after release on March 16, 2020.[21] By January 2018, Windows 10 surpassed Windows 7 as the most popular version of Windows worldwide.[22] As of June 2021[update], it is estimated that 79% of Windows PCs,[22] 58% of all PCs (the rest being older Windows versions and other operating systems such as macOS and Linux), and 24% of September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection devices (including mobile, tablet and console)[23] are running Windows 10. On June 24, 2021, Microsoft announced Windows 10's successor, Windows 11, which was released on October 5, 2021.[24]

    Windows 10 is the final version of Windows which supports IA-32 and ARMv7-based processors (also known as 32-bit processors). Its successor, Windows 11, requires a 64-bit processor in any supported architecture (x86-64/AMD64 for x86 and ARMv8 for ARM).

    Development[edit]

    At the Microsoft Worldwide Partner Conference in 2011, Andrew Lees, the chief of Microsoft's mobile technologies, said that the company intended to have a single software ecosystem for PCs, phones, tablets, and other devices: "We won't have an ecosystem for PCs, and one for phones, and one for tablets‍—‌they'll all come together."[25][26]

    In December 2013, technology writer Mary Jo Foley reported that Microsoft was working on an update to Windows 8 codenamed "Threshold", after a planet in its Halo franchise.[27] Similarly to "Blue" (which became Windows 8.1),[28] Foley described Threshold, not as a single operating system, but as September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection "wave of operating systems" across multiple Microsoft September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection and services, quoting Microsoft sources, scheduled for the second quarter of 2015. She also stated that one of the goals for Threshold was to create a unified application platform and development toolkit for Windows, Windows Phone and Xbox One (which all use a similar kernel based on Windows NT).[27][29]

    At the Build Tag: acoustica crack in April 2014, Microsoft's Terry Myerson unveiled an updated version of Windows 8.1 (build 9697) that added the ability to run Windows Store apps inside desktop windows and a more traditional Start menu in place of the Start screen seen in Windows 8. The new Start menu takes after Windows 7's design by using only a portion of the screen and including a Windows 7-style application listing in the first column. The second column displays Windows 8-style app tiles. Myerson said that these changes would occur in a future update, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, but did not elaborate.[30][31] Microsoft also unveiled the concept of a "universal Windows app", allowing Windows Store apps created for Windows 8.1 to be ported to Windows Phone 8.1 and Xbox One while sharing a common codebase, with an interface designed for different device form factors, and allowing user data and licenses for an app to be shared between multiple platforms. Windows Phone 8.1 would share nearly 90% of the common Windows Runtime APIs with Windows 8.1 on PCs.[30][32][33][34]

    Screenshots of a Windows build purported to be Threshold were leaked in July 2014, showing the previously presented Start menu and windowed Windows Store apps,[35] followed by a further screenshot of a build identifying itself as "Windows Technical Preview", numbered 9834, in September 2014, showing a new virtual desktop system, a notification center, and September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection new File Explorer icon.[36]

    Announcement[edit]

    "Windows 9" redirects here. For the Windows versions produced from 1995 to 2000, see Windows 9x.

    On September 30, 2014, Microsoft officially announced that Threshold would be unveiled during a media event as Windows 10. Myerson said that Windows 10 would be Microsoft's "most comprehensive platform ever", providing a single, unified platform for desktop and laptop computers, tablets, smartphones, and all-in-one devices.[37][38][39] He emphasized that Windows 10 would take steps towards restoring user interface mechanics from Windows 7 to improve the experience for users on non-touch devices, noting criticism of Windows 8's touch-oriented interface by keyboard and mouse users.[40][41] Despite these concessions, Myerson noted Office 2011 for Mac Home and Business crack serial keygen the touch-optimized interface would evolve as well on 10.[42]

    In regards to Microsoft naming the new operating system Windows 10 instead of Windows 9, Terry Myerson said that "based on the product that's coming, and just how different our approach will be overall, it wouldn't be right to call it Windows 9."[43] He also joked that they could not call it "Windows One" (alluding to several recent Microsoft products with a similar brand, such as OneDrive, OneNote, and the Xbox One) because Windows 1.0 already existed.[44] At a San Francisco conference in October NBA 2K20 Torrent PC Download (Legend Edition, CPY Crack), Tony Prophet, Microsoft's Vice President of Windows Marketing, said that Windows 9 "came and went", and that Windows 10 would not be "an incremental step from Windows 8.1," but "a material step. We're trying to create one platform, one eco-system that unites as many of the devices from the small embedded Internet of Things, through tablets, through phones, through PCs and, ultimately, into the Xbox."

    Further details surrounding Windows 10's consumer-oriented features were presented during another media event held on January 21, 2015, entitled "Windows 10: The Next Chapter". The keynote featured the unveiling of Cortana integration within the operating system, new Xbox-oriented features, Windows 10 Mobile, an updated Office Mobile trapcode suite crack mac Archives, Surface Hub‍—‌a large-screened Windows 10 IDMGCExt.crx Free Download | IDM Extension For ChromeFirefox & Opera for enterprise collaboration based upon Perceptive Pixel technology,[46] along with HoloLens‑augmented reality eyewear and an associated platform for building apps that can render holograms through HoloLens.[47]

    Additional developer-oriented details surrounding the "Universal Windows Platform" concept were revealed and discussed during Microsoft's Build developers' conference. Among them were the unveiling of "Islandwood", which provides a middlewaretoolchain for compiling Objective-C-based software (particularly iOS) to run as universal apps on Windows 10 and Windows 10 Mobile. A port of Candy Crush Saga made using the toolkit, which shared much of its code with the iOS version, was demonstrated, alongside the announcement that the King-developed game would be bundled with Windows 10 at launch.[48][49][50][51]

    At the 2015 Ignite conference, Microsoft employee Jerry Nixon stated that Windows 10 would be the "last version of Windows", a statement that Microsoft confirmed was "reflective" of its view of the operating system being a "service" with new versions and updates to be released over time.[52][53][54] In 2021, however, Microsoft announced that Windows 10 would be succeeded on compatible hardware by Windows 11–and that Windows 10 support will end on October 14, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, 2025.[55][56]

    Release and marketing[edit]

    On June 1, 2015, Microsoft announced that Windows 10 would be released on July 29.[17] On July 20, 2015 Microsoft began "Upgrade Your World", an advertising campaign centering on Windows 10, 1st Up Mail Server 5.0.3 crack serial keygen the premiere of television commercials in Australia, Canada, France, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, Germany, Japan, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The commercials focused on the tagline "A more human way to do", emphasizing new features and technologies supported by Windows 10 that September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection to provide a more "personal" experience to users.[57][58] The campaign culminated with launch events in thirteen cities on July 29, 2015, which celebrated "the unprecedented role our biggest fans played in the development of Windows 10".[59]

    Features[edit]

    Main article: Features new to Windows 10

    See also: List of features removed in Windows 10

    Windows 10 makes its user experience and functionality more consistent between different classes of device and September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection most of the shortcomings in the user interface that were introduced in Windows 8.[40][41][60]Windows 10 Mobile, the September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection to Windows Phone 8.1, shared some user interface elements and apps with its PC counterpart.[61]

    Windows 10 supports universal apps, an expansion of the Metro-style first introduced in Windows 8. Universal apps can be designed to run across multiple Microsoft product families with nearly identical code‍—‌including PCs, tablets, smartphones, embedded systems, Xbox One, Surface Hub and Mixed Reality. The Windows user interface was revised to handle transitions between a mouse-oriented interface and a touchscreen-optimized interface based on available input devices‍—‌particularly on 2-in-1 PCs, both interfaces include an updated Start menu which incorporates elements of Windows 7's traditional Start menu with the tiles of Windows 8. Windows 10 also introduced the Microsoft Edgeweb browser, a virtual desktop system, a window and desktop management feature called Task View, support for fingerprint and face recognition login, new September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection features for enterprise environments, and DirectX 12.

    The Windows Runtime app ecosystem was revised into the Universal Windows Platform (UWP).[32][62][63] These universal apps are made to run across multiple platforms and device classes, including smartphones, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, tablets, Xbox One consoles, and other devices compatible with Windows 10. Windows apps share code across platforms, have responsive designs that adapt to the needs of the device and available inputs, can synchronize data between Windows 10 devices (including notifications, credentials, and allowing cross-platform multiplayer for games), and are distributed through the Microsoft Store (rebranded from Windows Store since September 2017).[64] Developers can allow "cross-buys", where purchased licenses for an app apply to all of the user's compatible devices, rather than only the one they purchased on (e.g., a user purchasing an app on PC is also entitled to use the smartphone version at no extra cost).[33][65][66]

    The ARM version of Windows 10 allows running applications for x86 processors through 32-bit software emulation.[67]

    On Windows 10, Microsoft Store serves as a unified storefront for apps, video content, and eBooks.[68] Windows 10 also allows web apps and desktop software (using either Win32 or .NET Framework) to be packaged for distribution on September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection Store. Desktop software distributed through Windows Store is packaged using the App-V system to allow sandboxing.[69][70]

    User interface and desktop[edit]

    The "Task View" display is a new feature to Windows 10, allowing the use of multiple workspaces.

    A new iteration of the Start menu is used on the Windows 10 desktop, with a list of September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection and other options on the left side, and tiles representing applications on the right. The menu can be resized, and expanded into a full-screen display, which is the default September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection in Tablet mode.[40][60][71] A new virtual desktop PC Softwares Archives - Page 10 of 11 - All Latest Crack Software Free Download was added by a feature known as Task View, which displays all open windows and allows users to switch between them, or switch between multiple workspaces.[40][60] Universal apps, which previously could be used only in full screen mode, can now be used in self-contained windows similarly to other programs.[40][60] Program windows can now be snapped to quadrants of the screen by dragging them to the corner. When a window is snapped to one side of the screen, Task View appears and the user is prompted to choose a second window to fill the unused side of the screen (called "Snap Assist").[60] The Windows system icons were also changed.[71]

    Charms have been removed; their functionality in universal apps is accessed from an App commands menu on their title bar.[40][60] In its place is Action Center, which displays notifications and settings toggles. It is accessed by clicking an icon in the notification area, or dragging from the right of the screen. Notifications can be synced between multiple devices.[61][71] The Settings app (formerly PC Settings) was refreshed and now includes more options that were previously exclusive to the desktop Control Panel.

    Windows 10 is designed to adapt its user interface based on the type of device being used and available input methods. It offers two separate user interface modes: a user interface optimized for mouse and keyboard, and a "Tablet mode" designed for touchscreens. Users can toggle between these two modes at any time, and Windows can prompt or automatically switch when certain events occur, such as disabling Tablet mode on a tablet if a keyboard or mouse is plugged in, or when a 2-in-1 PC is switched to its laptop state. In Tablet mode, programs default to a maximized view, and the taskbar contains a back button and hides buttons for opened or pinned programs by default; Task View is used instead to switch between programs. The full screen Start menu is used in this mode, similarly to Windows 8, but scrolls vertically instead of horizontally.[41][74][75][76]

    System security[edit]

    Windows 10 incorporates multi-factor authentication technology based upon standards developed by the FIDO Alliance.[77] The operating system includes improved support for biometric authentication through the Windows Hello platform. Devices with supported cameras (requiring infrared illumination, such as Intel RealSense) allow users to log in with iris or face recognition, similarly to Kinect. Devices with supported readers allow users to log in through fingerprint recognition. Support was also added for palm-vein scanning through a partnership with Fujitsu in February 2018.[78] Credentials are stored locally and protected using asymmetric encryption.[79]

    In 2017, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, researchers demonstrated that Windows Hello could be bypassed on fully-updated Windows 10 1703 with a color printout of a person's picture taken with an IR camera.[80] In 2021, researchers were again able to bypass the Windows Hello functionalities by using custom hardware disguised as a camera, which presented an IR photo of the owner's face.[81]

    In addition to biometric authentication, Windows Hello supports authentication with a PIN. By default, Windows requires a PIN to consist of four digits, but can be configured to permit more complex PINs. However, a PIN is not a simpler password. While passwords are transmitted to domain controllers, PINs are not. They are tied to one device, and if compromised, only one device is affected. Backed by a Trusted Platform Module (TPM) chip, Windows uses PINs to create strong asymmetric key pairs. As such, the authentication token transmitted to the server is harder to crack. In addition, whereas weak passwords may be broken via rainbow tables, TPM causes the much-simpler Windows PINs to be resilient to brute-force attacks.[82]

    When Windows 10 was first introduced, multi-factor authentication was provided by two components: Windows Hello and Passport (not to be confused with the Passport platform of 1998). Later, Passport was merged into Windows Hello.[83][79]

    The enterprise edition of Windows 10 offers additional security features; administrators can set up policies for the automatic encryption of sensitive data, selectively block applications from accessing encrypted data, and enable Device Guard‍—‌a system which allows administrators to enforce a high-security environment by blocking the execution of software that is not digitally signed by a trusted vendor or Microsoft. Device Guard is designed to protect against zero-day exploits, and runs inside a hypervisor so that its operation remains separated from the operating system itself.[77][84]

    Command line[edit]

    The console windows based on Windows Console (for any console app, not just PowerShell and Windows Command Prompt) can now be resized without any restrictions, can be made to cover the full screen by pressing +, and can use standard keyboard shortcuts, such as those for cut, copy, and paste. Other features such as word wrap and transparency were also added. These functions can be Wondershare democreator 5.1 keygen,serial,crack,generator to revert to the legacy console if needed.[85]

    The Anniversary Update added Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL), which allows the installation of a user space environment from a supported Linuxdistribution that runs natively on Windows. The subsystem translates Linux system calls to those of the Windows NT kernel (only claims full system call compatibility as of WSL 2, included in a later Windows update). The environment can execute the Bash shell and 64-bit command-line programs (WSL 2 also supports 32-bit Linux programs and graphics, assuming supporting software installed,[86] and GPUs support for other uses[87]). Windows applications cannot be executed from the Linux environment, and vice versa, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection. Linux distributions for Windows Subsystem for Linux are obtained through Microsoft Store. The feature initially supported an Ubuntu-based environment; Microsoft announced in May 2017 that it would add Fedora and OpenSUSE environment options as well.[88][89][90][91][92][93][94]

    Storage requirements[edit]

    To reduce the storage footprint of the operating system, Windows 10 automatically compresses system files. The system can reduce Ideal Oxygen Level in Human Body, Child, Adults, Old Age Covid-19 storage footprint of Windows by approximately 1.5 GB for 32-bit systems and 2.6 GB for 64-bit systems. The level of compression used is dependent on a performance assessment performed during installations or by OEMs, which tests how much compression can be used without harming operating system performance. Furthermore, the Refresh and Reset functions use runtime system files instead, making a separate recovery partition redundant, allowing patches and updates to remain Crack Archives - Windows Activator following the operation, and further reducing the amount of space required for Windows 10 by up to 12 GB. These functions replace the WIMBoot mode introduced on Windows 8.1 Update, which allowed OEMs to configure low-capacity devices with flash-based storage to use Windows system files out of the compressed WIM image typically used for installation and recovery.[95][96][97] Windows 10 also includes a function in its Settings app that allows users to view a breakdown of how their device's storage capacity is being used by different types of files, and determine whether certain types of files are saved to internal storage or an SD card by default.[98]

    Online services and functionality[edit]

    Windows 10 introduces Microsoft Edge, a new default web browser. It initially featured a new standards-compliant rendering engine derived from Trident, and also includes annotation tools and integration with other Microsoft platforms present within Windows 10.[99][100][101] Internet Explorer 11 is maintained on Windows 10 for compatibility purposes, but is deprecated in favor of Edge and will no longer be actively developed.[102][103] In January 2020, the initial version of Edge was succeeded by a new iteration derived from the Chromium project and the Blink layout engine and the old Edge based on EdgeHTML is now called 'Microsoft Edge Legacy'.[104] The legacy version of Edge is currently being replaced by the new Chromium-based Edge via Windows Update, though this version can also be downloaded manually. Every Windows 10 version from 20H2, which was released on October 20, 2020, will come with the new version of the browser preinstalled.[105] The Windows 10 October 2020 update added a price comparison tool to the Edge browser.[106]

    Windows 10 incorporates a universal search box located alongside the Start and Task View buttons, which can be hidden or condensed into a single button.[107][108] Previous versions featured Microsoft's intelligent personal assistant Cortana, which was first introduced with Windows Phone 8.1 in 2014, and supports both text and voice input. Many of its features are September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection direct carryover from Windows Phone, including integration with Bing, setting reminders, a Notebook feature for managing personal information, as well as searching for files, playing music, launching applications and setting reminders or sending emails.[109][110][71] Since the November 2019 update, Microsoft has begun to downplay Cortana as part of a repositioning of the product towards enterprise use, with the May 2020 update removing its Windows shell integration and consumer-oriented features.[111][112][107][113]

    Microsoft Family Safety is replaced by Microsoft Family, a parental controls system that applies across Windows platforms and Microsoft online services. Users can create a designated family, and monitor and restrict the actions of users designated as children, such as access to websites, enforcing age ratings on Microsoft Store purchases, and other restrictions. The service can also send weekly e-mail reports to parents detailing a child's computer usage. Unlike previous versions of Windows, child accounts in a family must be associated with a Microsoft account‍—‌which allows these settings to apply across all Windows 10 devices that a particular child is using.[114][115]

    Windows 10 also offers the Wi-Fi Sense feature originating from Windows Phone 8.1; users can optionally have their device automatically connect to suggested open hotspots, and share their home network's password with contacts (either via Skype, People, or Facebook) so they may automatically connect to the network on a Windows 10 device without needing to manually enter its password. Credentials are stored in an encrypted form on September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection servers and sent to the devices of the selected contacts. Passwords are not viewable by the guest user, and the guest user is not allowed to access other computers or devices on the network. Wi-Fi Sense is not usable on 802.1X-encrypted networks. Adding "_optout" at the end of the SSID will also block the corresponding network from being used for this feature.[116]

    Universal calling and messaging apps for Windows 10 are built in as of the November 2015 update: Messaging, Skype Video, and Phone. These offer built-in alternatives to the Skype download and sync with Windows 10 Mobile.[117][118]

    Multimedia and gaming[edit]

    See also: List of Xbox Live Games on Windows 10

    Windows 10 provides greater integration with the Xbox ecosystem. Xbox SmartGlass is succeeded by the Xbox Console Companion (formerly the Xbox app), which allows users to browse their game library (including both PC and Xbox console games), and Game DVR is also available using a keyboard shortcut, allowing users to save the last 30 seconds of gameplay as a video that can be shared to Xbox Live, OneDrive, or elsewhere.[119][120] Windows Train Sim World 2020 crack serial keygen also allows users to control and play games from an Xbox One console over a local network.[121] The Xbox Live SDK allows application developers to incorporate Xbox Live functionality into their apps, and future wireless Xbox One accessories, such as controllers, are supported September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection Windows with an adapter.[122] Microsoft also intends to allow cross-purchases and save synchronization between Xbox One and Windows 10 versions of games; Microsoft Studios games such as ReCore and Quantum Break are intended as being exclusive to Windows 10 and Xbox One.[123]

    Candy Crush Saga and Microsoft Solitaire Collection are also automatically installed upon installation of Windows 10.[124][125]

    Windows 10 adds native game recording and screenshot capture ability using the newly introduced Game Bar. Users can also have the OS continuously record gameplay in the background, Doulci-activator-v7 crack serial keygen then allows the user to save the last few moments of gameplay to the storage device.[126]

    Windows 10 adds FLAC and HEVC codecs and support for the Matroska media container, allowing these formats to be opened in Windows Media Player and other applications.[127][128][129]

    DirectX 12[edit]

    Windows 10 includes DirectX 12, alongside WDDM 2.0.[130][131] Unveiled March 2014 at GDC, DirectX 12 aims to provide "console-level efficiency" with "closer to the metal" access to hardware resources, and reduced CPU and graphics driver overhead.[132][133] Most of the performance improvements are achieved through low-level programming, which allow developers to use resources more efficiently and reduce single-threaded CPU bottlenecking caused by abstraction through higher level APIs.[134][135] DirectX 12 will also feature support for vendor agnostic multi-GPU setups.[136] WDDM 2.0 introduces a new virtual memory management and allocation system to reduce workload on the kernel-mode driver.[130][137]

    Fonts[edit]

    Main article: List of typefaces included with Microsoft Windows

    Windows 10 adds three new default typefaces FileViewPro 2021 Crack + Activation Key Latest Free Download to Windows 8, but removes dozens of others. The removed typefaces are available in supplemental packs and may be added manually over a non-metered internet connection.

    Editions and pricing[edit]

    Main article: Windows 10 editions

    Windows 10 is available in five main editions for personal computing devices; the Home and Pro editions of which are sold at retail in most countries, and as pre-loaded software on new computers. Home is aimed at home users, while Pro is aimed at power users and small businesses. Each edition of Windows 10 includes all of the capabilities and features of the edition below it, and add additional features oriented towards their market segments; for example, Pro adds additional networking and security features such as BitLocker, Device Guard, Windows Update for Business, and the ability to join a domain, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection. Enterprise and Education, the other editions, contain additional features aimed towards business environments, and are only available through volume licensing.[138][139]

    As part of Microsoft's unification strategies, Windows products that are based on Windows 10's common platform but meant for specialized platforms are marketed as editions of the operating system, rather than as separate product lines. An updated version of Microsoft's Windows Phone operating system for smartphones, and also tablets, was branded as Windows 10 Mobile.[140] Editions of Enterprise and Mobile will also be produced for embedded systems, along with Windows 10 IoT Core, which is designed specifically for use in small footprint, low-cost devices and Internet of Things (IoT) scenarios and is similar to Windows Embedded.[138][139]

    On May 2, 2017, Microsoft unveiled Windows 10 S (referred to in leaks as Windows 10 Cloud), a feature-limited edition of Windows 10 which was designed primarily for devices in the education market (competing, in particular, with Chrome OS netbooks), such as the Surface Laptop that Microsoft also unveiled at this time. The OS restricts software installation to applications obtained from Microsoft Store; the device may be upgraded to Windows 10 Pro for a fee to enable unrestricted software installation. As a time-limited promotion, Microsoft stated that this upgrade would be free on the Surface Laptop until March 31, 2018.[141] Windows 10 S also contains a faster initial setup and login process, and allows devices to be provisioned using a USB drive with the Windows Intune for Education platform.[142][143][144][145][146] In March 2018, Microsoft announced that Windows 10 S would be deprecated because of market confusion and would be replaced by "S Mode", an OEM option wherein Windows defaults to only allowing applications to be installed from Microsoft Store, but does not require payment in order to disable these restrictions.[147][148]

    Preview releases[edit]

    See also: Windows Insider

    A public beta program for Windows 10 known as the Windows Insider Program began with the first publicly available preview release on October 1, 2014. Insider preview builds are aimed towards enthusiasts and enterprise users for the testing and evaluation of updates and new features.[149] Users of the Windows Insider program receive occasional updates to newer preview builds of the operating system and will continue to be able to evaluate preview releases after general availability (GA) in July 2015‍—‌this is in contrast to previous Windows beta programs, where public preview builds were released less frequently and only during the months preceding GA.[40][42][150][151][152] Windows Insider builds continued being released after the release to manufacturing (RTM) of Windows 10.[153]

    Public release[edit]

    On July 29, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, 2015, Microsoft officially announced that Windows 10 would be released for retail purchase as a free upgrade from earlier versions of Windows. In comparison to previous Windows releases, which had a longer turnover between the release to manufacturing (RTM) and general release to allow for testing by vendors (and in some cases, the development of "upgrade kits" to prepare systems for installation of the new version), an HP executive explained that because it knew Microsoft targeted the operating system for a 2015 release, the company was able to optimize its then-current and upcoming products for Windows 10 in advance of its release, negating the need for such a milestone.[155][better source needed]

    The general availability build of Windows 10, numbered 10240, was first released to Windows Insider channels for pre-launch testing on July 15, 2015, prior to its formal release.[156] Although a Microsoft official said there would be no specific RTM build of Windows 10, 10240 was described as an RTM build by media outlets because it was released to all Windows Insider members at once (rather than to users on the "Fast ring" first), it no longer carried pre-release branding and desktop watermark text, and its build number had mathematical connections to the number 10 in reference to the operating system's naming.[158][159][160][161][162][163] The Enterprise edition was released to volume licensing on August 1, 2015.[164]

    Windows 10 is distributed digitally through the "Media Creation Tool", which is functionally identical to the Windows 8 online installer, and can also be used to generate an ISO image or USB install media.[165] In-place upgrades are supported from most editions of Windows 7 with Service Pack 1 and Windows 8.1 with Update 1, while users with Windows 8 must first upgrade to Windows 8.1. Changing between architectures (e.g., upgrading from 32-bit edition to a 64-bit editions) via in-place upgrades is not supported; a clean install is required.[166][167] In-place upgrades may be rolled back to the device's previous version of Windows, provided that 30 days have not passed since installation, and backup files were not removed using Disk Cleanup.

    Windows 10 was available in 190 countries and 111 languages upon its launch, and as part of efforts to "re-engage" with users in China, Microsoft also announced that it would partner with Qihoo and Tencent to help promote and distribute Windows 10 in China, and that Chinese PC maker Lenovo would provide assistance at its service centers and retail outlets for helping users upgrade to Windows 10.[168][169][170] At retail, Windows 10 is priced similarly to September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection of Windows 8.1, with U.S. prices set at $119 and $199 for Windows 10 Home and Pro respectively. A Windows 10 Pro Pack license allows upgrades from Windows 10 Home to Windows 10 Pro.[171][172] Retail copies only ship on USB flash drive media; however, system builder copies still ship as DVD-ROM media.[173] New devices shipping with Windows 10 were also released during the operating system's launch window.[174]

    Windows RT devices cannot be upgraded to Windows 10.[167][175]

    Free upgrade offer[edit]

    Main article: Windows 10 editions § Free upgrade

    During its first year September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection availability,[176] upgrade licenses for Windows 10 could be obtained at no charge for devices with a genuine license for an eligible edition of Windows 7 or 8.1.[172][177][178]

    This offer did not apply to Enterprise editions, as customers under an active Software Assurance (SA) contract with upgrade rights are entitled to obtain Windows 10 Enterprise under their existing terms. All users running non-genuine copies of Windows, and those without an existing Windows 7 or 8 license, were ineligible for this promotion; although upgrades from a non-genuine version were possible, they result in a non-genuine copy of 10.[153][168][178][179][180]

    On the general availability build of Windows 10 (version 1507), to activate and generate the "digital entitlement" for Windows 10, the operating system must have first been installed as an in-place upgrade. During the free upgrade, a file is created in the background and the system's motherboard details are registered with a Microsoft Product Activation server. Once installed, the operating system can be reinstalled on that particular system via normal means without a product key, and the system's license will automatically be detected via online activation - in essence, the Microsoft Product Activation Server will remember the system's motherboard and give it the green light for product re-activation.[166][181][182] Because of installation issues with Upgrade Only installs, the November Update (version 1511) included additional activation mechanisms. This build treated Windows 7 and Windows 8/8.1 product keys as Windows 10 product keys, meaning they could be entered during installation to activate the free license, without the need to upgrade first to "activate" the hardware with Microsoft's activation servers.[183] For major Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs), Windows 8/8.1 and Windows 10 OEM product keys are embedded in the firmware of the motherboard and September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection the correct edition of Windows 10 is present on the installation media, they are automatically inputted during installation. Since the release of the Fall Creators Update (version 1709), Microsoft decided to release multi-edition installation media, to alleviate installation and product activation issues users experienced because of accidentally installing the wrong edition of Windows 10.

    The Windows Insider Preview version of Windows 10 automatically updated itself to the generally released version as part of the version progression and continues to be updated to new beta builds, as it had throughout the testing process. Microsoft explicitly stated that Windows Insider was not a valid upgrade path for those running a version of Windows that is ineligible for the upgrade offer; although, if it was not installed with a license carried over from an in-place upgrade to 10 Insider Preview from Windows 7 or 8, the Insider Preview does remain activated as long as the user does not exit the Windows Insider program.[153]

    The offer was promoted and delivered via the "Get Windows 10" application (also known as GWX), which was automatically installed via Windows Update ahead of Windows 10's release, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, and activated on systems deemed eligible for the upgrade offer. Via a notification area icon, users could access an application that advertised Windows 10 and the free upgrade offer, check device compatibility, and "reserve" an automatic download of the operating system upon its release.[184][185] On July 28, a pre-download process began in which Windows 10 installation files were downloaded to some computers that had reserved it. Microsoft said that those who reserved Windows 10 would be able to install it through GWX in a phased rollout process. The operating system could alternatively be downloaded at any time using a separate "Media Creation Tool" setup program, that allows for the creation of DVD or USB installation media.[165][174][186][187]

    In May 2016, Microsoft announced that the free upgrade offer would be extended to users of assistive technologies; however, Microsoft did not implement any means of certifying eligibility for this offer, which some outlets thereby promoted as being a loophole September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection fraudulently obtain a free Windows 10 upgrade. Microsoft said that the loophole is not intended to be used in this manner.[188][189][190] In November 2017, Microsoft announced that this program would end on December 31, 2017.[191]

    However, another loophole was found that allowed Windows 7 and 8.1 users upgrade to Windows 10 using existing licenses, even though the free upgrade offers officially ended in 2017. No word from Microsoft was given whether it will be closed[192] and some outlets have continued to promote it as a free method of upgrading from the now-unsupported Windows 7.[193]

    Licensing[edit]

    During upgrades, Windows 10 licenses are not tied directly to a product key. Instead, the license status of the system's current installation of Windows is migrated, and a "Digital license" ( known as "Digital entitlement" in version 1511 or earlier) is generated during the activation process, which is bound to the hardware information collected during the process. If Windows 10 is reinstalled cleanly and there have not been any significant hardware changes since installation (such as a motherboard change), the online activation process September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection automatically recognize the system's digital entitlement if no product key is entered during installations, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection. However, unique product keys are still distributed within retail copies of Windows 10. As with previous non-volume-licensed variants of Windows, significant hardware changes will invalidate the digital entitlement, and require Windows to be re-activated.[166][181]

    Updates and support[edit]

    Main article: Windows 10 version history

    Unlike previous versions of Windows, Windows Update does not allow the selective installation of updates, and all updates (including patches, feature updates, and driver software) are downloaded and installed automatically. Users can only choose whether their system will reboot automatically to install updates when the system is inactive, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, or be notified to schedule a reboot.[194][195] If a wireless network is designated as "Metered"—a function which automatically reduces the operating system's background network activity to conserve limits on Internet usage—most updates are not downloaded until the device is connected to a non-metered network. Version 1703 allows wired (Ethernet) networks to be designated as metered, but Windows may still download certain updates while connected to a metered network.[196][197]

    In version 2004, by installing the August 2020 security update and later versions, driver and non-security updates pushed via Windows Update that are considered September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection are no longer automatically downloaded and installed in their devices, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection. Users can access them on Settings > Update & Security > Windows Update > View optional update.[198]

    Updates can cause compatibility or other problems; a Microsoft troubleshooter program allows bad updates to be uninstalled.[199][200]

    Under the Windows end-user license agreement, users consent to the automatic installation of all updates, features and drivers provided by the service, and implicitly consent "without any additional notice" to the possibility of features being modified or removed.[201][202][203] The agreement also states, specifically for users of Windows 10 in Canada, that they may pause updates by disconnecting their device from the Internet.[204]

    Windows Update can also use a peer to peer system for distributing updates; by default, users' bandwidth is used to distribute previously downloaded updates to other users, in combination with Microsoft servers. Users can instead choose to only use peer-to-peer updates within their local area network.[205]

    Support lifecycle[edit]

    Mainstream supportVaries by version[206][207]
    Extended supportOctober 14, 2025 (2025-10-14)[206][207]
    Home, Pro, Pro for Workstations, S, Education, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, Pro Education, Enterprise, IoT Enterprise, IoT Core, Team, Enterprise 2015 LTSB, and IoT Enterprise 2015 LTSB.[208]
    Windows 10 Mobile, Mobile Enterprise, and IoT MobileUnsupported as of January 14, 2020[209]
    Windows 10 Enterprise and IoT Enterprise 2016 LTSBMainstream support ended on October 12, 2021[207]
    Extended support until October 13, 2026[207]
    Windows 10 Enterprise, IoT Enterprise, and IoT Core 2019 LTSCMainstream support until January 9, 2024[207]
    Extended support until January 9, 2029[207]
    Windows 10 Enterprise 2021 LTSCMainstream support until January 12, 2027[207]
    Windows 10 IoT Enterprise and IoT Core 2021 LTSCMainstream support until January 12, 2027[207]
    Extended support until January 13, 2032[207]

    The original release of Windows 10 receives mainstream support for five years after its original release, followed by five years of extended support, but this is subject to conditions. Microsoft's support lifecycle policy for the operating system notes that "Updates are cumulative, with each update built upon all of the updates that preceded it", that "a device needs to install the latest update to remain supported", and that a device's ability to receive future updates will depend on hardware compatibility, driver availability, and whether the device is within the OEM's "support period"‍—‌a new aspect not accounted for in lifecycle policies for previous versions.[210][178][211][212] This policy was first invoked in 2017 to block Intel Clover Trail devices from receiving the Creators Update, as Microsoft asserts that future updates "require additional hardware support to September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection the best possible experience", and that Intel no longer provided support or drivers for the platform. Microsoft stated that these devices would no longer receive feature updates, but would still receive security updates through January 2023.[213] Microsoft will continue to support at least one standard Windows 10 semi-annual channel release until October 14, 2025.[15][16]

    The following table collects current status of the aforementioned updating and support of different branches of Windows 10:

    Update branchMicrosoft internal channels
    (more detail here)
    Alpha software
    Windows Insider Preview Branch
    (WIPB)
    Beta software
    Semi-Annual Channel
    (formerly CB)
    "End user"
    Long-term Servicing channel
    (formerly LTSB)
    "Mission critical"
    EditionHome  
    Pro  
    Education  
    Enterprise Enterprise LTSC
    Critical updates
    Security patches and stability updates
    Continuous Continuous as made available
    (choice of Beta, Dev, or Release Preview channel)
    Automatic User can defer updates indefinitely
    Feature upgrades
    Non-critical functionality and feature updates
    Automatic or defer[218]Only through LTSC in-place upgrades
    Feature upgrades cadence Continuous Continuous as released A Tale for Anna Free Download, deferrable for 12 months at a time; once a deferral period is past, no further deferrals possible until latest updates are installed LTSC releases are stable 'snapshots' of SAC
    Upgrade support Continuous updating, features come and go silently with new builds Continuous updating or in-place upgrade to supported LTSC builds In-place upgrade support for the three most recent LTSC builds
    Update support Only the latest build is supported 10 years (or until future builds require hardware support the old device doesn't have or ~4 months after a missed cumulative update made into SAC.)[210]10 years (or ~6 months from deferring build upgrade or until future builds require hardware support the old device doesn't have.) 5 years (for 21H2 and newer, non IoT) or 5 years mainstream + 5 years extended (for 2019 and older, all IoT versions)
    Update methods Windows UpdateWindows Update
    Windows Update for Business
    Windows Server Update Services

    Feature updates[edit]

    Windows 10 is often described by Microsoft as being a "service", as it receives regular "feature updates" that contain new features and September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection updates and fixes.[178][219][220][221] In April 2017, Microsoft stated that these updates would be released twice a year every March and September in the future.[222] Mainstream builds September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection Windows 10, until and including 2004, were labeled "YYMM", with "YY" representing the two-digit year and "MM" representing the month of release. For example, version 1809 was released in September (the ninth month) of 2018. This was changed with the 20H2 release where "MM" represents the half of the year in which the update was released, for example H1 for the first half and H2 for the second half.[223]

    The pace at which feature updates are received by devices is dependent on which release channel is used. The default branch for all users of Windows 10 Home and Pro is "Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted)" (formerly "Current Branch", or "CB"),[221] which receives stable builds after they are publicly released by Microsoft. Each build of Windows 10 is supported for 18 months after its original release.[221] In enterprise environments, Microsoft officially intends that this branch is used for "targeted" deployments of newly-released stable versions so that they can be evaluated and tested on a limited number of devices Minecraft Premium Account 100% 2017 crack serial keygen a wider deployment. Once a stable build is certified by Microsoft and its partners as being suitable for broad deployment, the build is then released on the "Semi-Annual Channel" (formerly "Current Branch for Business", or "CBB"), which is supported by the Pro and Enterprise editions of Windows 10.[221][195][224] Semi-Annual Channel receives stable builds on a four-month delay from their release on the Targeted channel,[221] Administrators can also use the "Windows Update for Business" system, as well as existing tools such as WSUS and System Center Configuration Manager, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, to organize structured deployments of feature updates across their networks.[221][195]

    The Windows Insider branches receive unstable builds as they are released; it is divided into two channels, "Dev" (which receives new builds immediately after their release), September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, and "Beta" (whose releases are slightly delayed from their "Dev" release).[221]

    Enterprise licensees may use the Windows 10 Enterprise LTSC (formerly LTSB) edition, where "LTSC" stands for "long-term servicing channel", which only receive quality of life updates (i.e. security patches), and has a full, 5 or 10-year support lifecycle for each build.[221][224][217] This edition is designed for "special-purpose devices" that perform a fixed function (such as automated teller machines and medical equipment). For this reason, it excludes Cortana, Microsoft Store, and all bundled Universal Windows Platform apps (including but not limited to Microsoft Edge, hence these builds ship only with Internet Explorer as browser).[225][226][221][178][227][228] Microsoft director Stella Chernyak explained that "we have businesses [that] may have mission-critical environments where we respect the fact they want to test and stabilize the environment for a long time."[229] Four LTSC builds have been released, correlating with the 1507, 1607, 1809, and 21H2 versions of Windows 10, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, respectively.[230][231][232]

    In July 2017, Microsoft announced changes in the terminology for Windows branches as part of its effort to unify the update cadence with that of Office 365 ProPlus and Windows Server 2016.[233][221] The branch system now defines two paces of September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection deployment in enterprise environments, "targeted" initial deployment of a new version on selected systems immediately after its stable release for final testing, and "broad" deployment afterwards. Hence, "Current Branch" is now known as "Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted)", and "Current Branch for Business" for broad deployment is now referred to as "Semi-Annual Channel".[234][221]

    In February 2019, Microsoft announced changes again in delivering updates in beginning of release of version 1903: a single SAC will be released and SAC-T will be retired, and users are no longer able to switch to different channels. Instead, these updates can be deferred from 30 to 90 days, or depending how the device was configured to deferred the updates.[235] In April 2019, it was announced that, in addition, feature updates will no longer be automatically pushed to users.[236] However after the release of version 2004, the update only pushed for those running a feature update version that is nearing end of service or it can be paused for up to 35 days.[237][238]

    Feature updates prior to version 1909 are distributed solely as an in-place upgrade installation, requiring the download of a complete operating system package (approximately 3.5 GB in size for 64-bit systems). Unlike previous builds, version 1909 is designed primarily as an update rollup version of 1903, focusing primarily on minor feature additions and enhancements. For upgrades to 1909 from 1903, a new delivery method is used where its changes were delivered as part of the monthly cumulative update, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, but are left in a dormant state until the 1909 update "enablement" patch is installed. The full upgrade process is still used for those using builds prior to 1903.[239][240]

    Features in development[edit]

    In May 2017, Microsoft unveiled Fluent Design System (previously codenamed "Project Neon"), a revamp of Microsoft Design Language 2 that will include guidelines for the designs and interactions used within software designed for all Windows 10 devices and platforms. The new design language will include the more prominent use of motion, depth, and translucency effects. Microsoft stated that the implementation of this design language would be performed over time, and it had already started to implement elements of it in Creators Update and Fall Creators Update.[241]

    On December 7, 2016, Microsoft announced that, as part of a partnership with Qualcomm, it planned to introduce support for running Win32 software on ARM architecture with a 32-bit x86 processor emulator, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection 2017. Terry Myerson stated that this move would enable the production of Qualcomm Snapdragon-based Windows devices with cellular connectivity and improved power efficiency over Intel-compatible devices, and still capable of running the majority of existing Windows software (unlike the previous Windows RT, which was restricted to Windows Store apps). Microsoft is initially targeting this project towards laptops.[67] Microsoft launched the branding Always Connected PCs in December 2017 to market Windows 10 devices with cellular connectivity, which included two ARM-based 2-in-1 laptops from Asus and HP featuring the Snapdragon 835 system-on-chip, and the announcement of a partnership between AMD and Qualcomm to integrate its Snapdragon X16 gigabit LTE modem with AMD's Ryzen Mobile platform.[242][243]

    In August 2019, Microsoft began testing changes to its handling of the user interface on convertible devices—downplaying the existing "Tablet Mode" option in favor of presenting the normal desktop with optimizations for touch when a keyboard is not present, such as increasing the space between taskbar buttons and displaying the virtual keyboard when text fields are selected.[244]

    In April 2021, the ability to run Linux applications using a graphical user interface, such as Audacity, directly in Windows, was introduced as a preview.[245] This feature would later be included as part of the updated Windows Subsystem for Linux 2 for Windows 11 only.

    System requirements[edit]

    The basic hardware requirements to install Windows 10 were initially the same as those for Windows 8.1 and Windows 8, and only slightly higher than for Windows 7 and Windows Vista. As of the May 2019 update, the minimum disk space requirement has been increased to 32 GB. In addition, on new installations, Windows permanently reserves up to 7 GB of disk space in order to ensure proper installation of future feature updates.[247][248]

    The 64-bit variants require a CPU that supports certain instructions.[249] Devices with low storage capacity must provide a USB flash drive or SD card with sufficient storage for temporary files during upgrades.[250]

    Some pre-built devices may be described as "certified" by Microsoft. Certified tablets must include, and keys; and keys are no longer required.[251]

    As with Windows 8, all certified devices must ship with UEFI Secure Boot enabled by default. Unlike Windows 8, OEMs are no longer required to make Secure Boot settings user-configurable, meaning that devices may optionally be locked to run only Microsoft-signed operating systems.[252] A supported infrared-illuminated camera is required for Windows Hello face authentication, and a supported fingerprint reader is required for Windows Hello fingerprint authentication.[177] Device Guard requires a UEFI system with no third-party certificates loaded, and CPU virtualization extensions (including SLAT and IOMMU) enabled in firmware.

    Beginning with Intel Kaby Lake and AMD Bristol Ridge, Windows 10 is the only version of Windows that Microsoft will officially support on newer CPU microarchitectures.[253][254] Terry Myerson stated that Microsoft did not want to make further investments in optimizing older versions of Windows and associated software for newer generations of processors.[255][256] These policies were criticized by the media, who especially noted that Microsoft was refusing to support newer hardware (particularly Intel's Skylake CPUs, which was also originally targeted by the new policy with a premature end of support that was ultimately retracted)[257][258] on Windows 8.1, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, a version of Windows that was still in mainstream support until January 2018.[259][260] In addition, an enthusiast-created modification was released that disabled the check and allowed Windows 8.1 and earlier to continue to work on the platform.[261]

    Windows 10 version 1703 and later do not support Intel Clover Trail system-on-chips, per Microsoft's stated policy of only providing updates for devices during their OEM support period.[213][262]

    Starting with Windows 10 version 2004, Microsoft will require new OEM devices to use 64-bit processors, and will therefore cease the distribution of x86 (32-bit) variants of Windows 10 via OEM channels. The 32-bit variants of Windows 10 will remain available via non-OEM channels, and Microsoft will continue to "[provide] feature and security updates on these devices".[263] This would later be followed by Windows 11 dropping 32-bit hardware support altogether, and thus making Windows 10 the final version of Windows to have a 32-bit version.[264]

    Reception[edit]

    Main article: Criticism of Windows 10

    Critics characterized the initial release of Windows 10 as being rushed, citing the incomplete state of some of the September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection system's bundled software, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, such as the Edge web browser, as well as the stability of the operating system itself on launch.[265][266][267] However, TechRadar felt that it could be "the new Windows 7", citing the operating system's more familiar user interface, improvements September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection bundled apps, performance improvements, a "rock solid" search system, and the Settings app being more full-featured than its equivalents on 8 and 8.1. The Edge browser was praised for its performance, although it was not in a feature-complete state at launch. While considering them a "great idea in principle", concerns were shown for Microsoft's focus on the universal app ecosystem:

    It's by no means certain that developers are going to flock to Windows 10 from iOS and Android simply because they can convert their apps easily. It may well become a no-brainer for them, but at the moment a conscious decision is still required.[266]

    Engadget was similarly positive, noting that the upgrade PaperPort Professional 14.0 crack serial keygen was painless and that Windows 10's user interface had balanced aspects of Windows 8 with those of previous versions with a more mature aesthetic. Cortana's always-on voice detection was considered to be its "true strength", also citing its query capabilities and personalization features, but noting that it was not as pre-emptive as Google Now. Windows 10's stock applications were praised for being improved over their Windows 8 counterparts, and for supporting windowed modes. The Xbox app was also praised for its Xbox One streaming functionality, although recommending its use over a wired network because of inconsistent quality over Wi-Fi. In conclusion, it was argued that "Windows 10 delivers the most refined desktop experience ever from Microsoft, and yet it's so much more than that. It's also a decent tablet OS, and it's ready for a world filled with hybrid devices. And, barring another baffling screwup, it looks like a significant step forward for mobile. Heck, it makes the Xbox One a more useful machine."[268]

    Ars Technica panned the new Tablet mode interface for removing the charms and app switching, making the Start button harder to use by requiring users to reach for the button on the bottom-left rather than at the center of the screen when swiping with a thumb, and for making application switching less instantaneous through the use of Task View. Microsoft Edge was praised for being "tremendously promising", and "a much better browser than Internet Explorer ever was", but criticized it for its lack of functionality on-launch. In conclusion, contrasting Windows 8 as being a "reliable" platform albeit consisting of unfinished concepts, Windows 10 was considered "the best Windows yet", and was praised for having a better overall concept in its ability to be "comfortable and effective" across a wide array of form factors, but that it was buggier than previous versions of Windows were on-launch.[265]ExtremeTech felt that Windows 10 restricted the choices of users, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, citing its more opaque setting menus, forcing users to give up bandwidth for the peer-to-peer distribution of updates, and for taking away user control of specific functions, such as updates, explaining that "it feels, once again, as if Microsoft has taken the seed of a good idea, like providing users with security updates automatically, and shoved the throttle to maximum."[269] Windows 10 has also received criticism because of deleting files without user permission after auto updates.[270]

    Critics have noted that Windows 10 heavily emphasizes freemium services, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, and contains various advertising facilities. Some outlets have considered these to be a hidden "cost" of the free upgrade offer.[271][272][273] Examples of these have included microtransactions in bundled games such as Microsoft Solitaire Collection,[274][271][275][276] default settings that display promotions of "suggested" apps in the Start menu, "tips" on the lock screen that may contain advertising,[272][273] ads displayed in File Explorer for Office 365 subscriptions on Creators' Update,[273] and various advertising notifications displayed by default which promote Microsoft Edge when it is not set as the default web browser (including, in a September 2018 build, nag pop-ups displayed to interrupt the installation process of competitors).[277][278]

    Market share and sales[edit]

    See also: Usage share of operating systems § Crossover to smartphones having majority share

    Windows PC market share (of Windows) statistics
    Windows 10

    81.43%
    Windows 7

    13.57%
    Windows 8.1

    3.17%
    Windows 8

    1.07%
    Windows XP

    0.53%
    Windows Vista

    0.21%
    Other

    0.02%
    "Desktop Windows Version Market Share Worldwide" according to StatCounter for October 2021.[279] Note, StatCounter tracks Windows vs. macOS, Linux etc, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection. separately, and this statistic is only thereof Windows share.

    Up to August 2016, Windows 10 usage was increasing, with it then plateauing,[280] while eventually in 2018, it became more popular than Windows 7[281][282] (though Windows 7 was still more used in some countries in Asia and Africa in 2019). As of March 2020[update], the operating system is running on over a billion devices, reaching the goal set by Microsoft two years after the initial deadline.[21]

    Twenty-four hours after it was released, Microsoft announced that over 14 million devices were running Windows 10.[283] On August 26, Microsoft said over 75 million devices were running Windows 10, in 192 countries, and on over 90,000 unique PC or tablet models.[284] According to Terry Myerson, there were over 110 million devices running Windows 10 as of October 6, 2015.[285] On January 4, 2016, Microsoft reported that Windows 10 had been activated on over 200 million devices since the operating system's launch in July 2015.[286][287]

    According to StatCounter, Windows 10 overtook Windows 8.1 in December 2015.[288][289]Iceland was the first country where Windows 10 was ranked first (not only on the desktop, but across all platforms),[290] with several larger European countries following. For one week in late November 2016, Windows 10 overtook first rank from Windows 7 in the United States, before losing it again.[291] Total AV Antivirus 2021 Crack Full Version Download February 2017, Windows 10 was losing market share to Windows 7.[292]

    In mid-January 2018, Windows 10 had a slightly higher global market share than Windows 7,[281] with it noticeably more popular on weekends,[293] while popularity varies widely by region, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, e.g. Windows 10 was then still behind in Africa[294] and far ahead in some other regions e.g. Oceania.[295]

    Update system changes[edit]

    Windows 10 Home is permanently set to download all updates automatically, including cumulative updates, security patches, and drivers, and users cannot individually select updates to install or not.[296] Microsoft offers a diagnostic tool that can be used to hide updates and prevent them from being reinstalled, but only after they had been already installed, then uninstalled without rebooting the system.[297][298] Tom Warren of The Verge felt that, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, given web browsers such as Google Chrome had already adopted such an automatic update system, such a requirement would help to keep all Windows 10 devices secure, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, and felt that "if you're used to family members calling you for technical support because they've failed to upgrade to the latest September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection service pack or September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection malware disabled Windows Update then those days will hopefully be over."[299]

    Concerns were raised that because of these changes, users would be unable to skip the automatic installation of updates that are faulty or cause issues with certain system configurations—although build upgrades will also be subject to public beta testing via Windows Insider program.[297][299] There were also concerns that the forced installation of driver updates through Windows Update, where they were previously designated as "optional", could cause conflicts with drivers that were installed independently of Windows Update. An example of such a situation occurred prior to the general release of the operating system, when an Nvidiagraphics card driver that was automatically pushed to Windows 10 users via Windows Update caused issues that prevented the use of certain functions, or prevented their system from booting at all.[297]

    Criticism was also directed towards Microsoft's decision to no longer provide specific details on the contents of cumulative updates for Windows 10.[300] On February 9, 2016, Microsoft retracted this decision and began to provide release notes for cumulative updates on the Windows website.[301]

    Some users reported that during the installation of the November upgrade, some applications (particularly utility programs such as CPU-Z and Speccy) were automatically uninstalled during the upgrade process, and some default programs were reset to Microsoft-specified defaults (such as Photos app, and Microsoft Edge for PDF viewing), both without warning.[302][303]

    Further issues were discovered upon the launch of the Anniversary Update ("Redstone"), including a bug that caused some devices to freeze (but addressed by cumulative update KB3176938, released on August 31, 2016),[304][305] and that fundamental changes to how Windows handles webcams had caused many to stop working.[306]

    In June 2017, a Redstone 3 Insider build (RS_EDGE_CASE in PC and rs_IoT on Mobile) was accidentally released to both Insider and non-Insider users on all Windows 10 devices, but the update was retracted, with Microsoft apologizing and releasing a note on their Windows Insider Program blog describing how to prevent the build from being installed on their device.[307] According to Dona Sarkar, this was due to "an inadvertent deployment to the engineering system that controls which builds/which rings to push out to insiders."[308]

    A Gartner analyst felt that Windows 10 Pro was becoming increasingly inappropriate for use in enterprise environments because of support policy changes by Microsoft, including consumer-oriented upgrade lifecycle length, and only offering extended support for individual builds to Enterprise and Education editions of Windows 10.[309]

    Critics have acknowledged that Microsoft's update and testing practices had been affecting the overall quality of Windows 10. In particular, it was pointed out that Microsoft's internal testing departments had been prominently affected by a major round of layoffs undertaken by the company in 2014. Microsoft relies primarily on user testing and bug reports via the Windows Insider program (which may not always be of sufficient quality to identify a bug), as well as correspondence with OEMs and other stakeholders. In the wake of the known folder redirection data loss bug in the version 1809, it was pointed out that bug reports describing the issue had been present on the Feedback Hub app for several months prior to the public release. Following the incident, Microsoft updated Feedback Hub so that users may specify the severity of a particular bug report. When announcing the resumption of 1809's rollout, Microsoft stated that it planned to be more transparent in its handling of update quality in the future, through a series of blog posts that will detail its testing process and the planned development of a "dashboard" that will indicate the rollout progress of future updates.[310][311][312][313][314]

    Distribution practices[edit]

    Microsoft was criticized for the tactics that it used to promote its free upgrade campaign for Windows 10, including adware-like behaviors,[315] using deceptive user interfaces to coax users into installing the operating system,[316]

    Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

    Windows 11

    Personal computer operating system by Microsoft released in 2021

    Windows 11 logo.svg
    Windows 11 Desktop.png

    Screenshot of Windows 11, showing the new Start menu and centered taskbar[1]

    DeveloperMicrosoft
    Written in
    OS familyMicrosoft Windows
    Source model
    Released to
    manufacturing
    October 5, 2021; 45 days ago (2021-10-05)
    General
    availability
    October 5, 2021; 45 days ago (2021-10-05)[6]
    Latest release21H2 (10.0.22000.318) (November 9, 2021; 10 days ago (2021-11-09)[7]) [±]
    Latest preview10.0.22504.1010 (November 19, 2021; 0 days ago (2021-11-19)[8]) [±]
    Marketing targetPersonal computing, tablets
    Available in110 languages[9][10]

    List of languages

    Update method
    Platformsx86-64, ARM64
    Kernel typeHybrid (Windows NT kernel)
    UserlandNative API
    Windows API
    .NET Framework
    Universal Windows Platform
    Windows Subsystem for Linux
    Default
    user interface
    Windows shell (graphical)
    Preceded byWindows 10 (2015)
    Official websitewww.microsoft.com/windows/windows-11Edit this at Wikidata
    See § Versions for details.

    Windows 11 is a major release of the Windows NToperating system developed by Microsoft that was announced on June 24, 2021, and is the successor to Windows 10, which was released in 2015. Windows 11 was released to the public on October 5, 2021, as a free upgrade via Windows Update and Windows 11 Installation Assistant on eligible devices running Windows 10.

    Windows 11 features major changes to the Windows shell influenced by the canceled Windows 10X, including a redesigned Start menu, the replacement of its "live tiles" with a separate "Widgets" panel on the taskbar, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, the ability to create tiled sets of windows that can be minimized and restored from the taskbar as a group, and new gaming technologies inherited from Xbox Series X and Series S such as Auto HDR and DirectStorage on compatible hardware. Internet Explorer (IE) has been replaced by the Chromium-based Microsoft Edge as the default web browser (for compatibility[11][12] with Google Chrome web browser[13]), and Microsoft Teams is integrated into the Windows shell. Microsoft also announced plans to allow more flexibility in software that can be distributed via Microsoft Store, and to support Androidapps on Windows 11 (including a partnership with Amazon to make its app store available for the function.

    Citing security considerations, the system requirements for Windows 11 were increased over Windows 10. Microsoft only officially supports the operating system on devices using an eighth-generationIntel Core CPU or newer (with some exceptions), AMD Ryzen CPU based on Zen+ microarchitecture or newer, or a Qualcomm Snapdragon 850ARMsystem-on-chip or newer, with UEFI secure boot and Trusted Platform Module (TPM) 2.0 supported and enabled (although Microsoft may provide exceptions to the TPM 2.0 requirement for OEMs). While the OS can be installed on unsupported processors, Microsoft does not guarantee the availability of updates. Windows 11 also drops support for 32-bitx86 CPUs and devices which use BIOS firmware.

    Windows 11 has received a mixed to positive reception; pre-release coverage of the operating system focused on its stricter hardware requirements, with discussions over whether they were legitimately intended to improve the security of Windows or a ploy to upsell users to newer devices, and over e-waste associated with the changes. Upon its release, Windows 11 received positive reviews for its improved visual design, window management, and stronger focus on security, but was panned for regressions and modifications to aspects of its user interface.

    Development

    At the 2015 Ignite conference, Microsoft employee Jerry Nixon stated that Windows 10 would be the "last version of Windows", September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, a statement that Microsoft confirmed was "reflective" of its view.[14][15] The operating system was considered to be a service, with new builds and updates to be released over time.[16]

    In October 2019, Microsoft announced "Windows 10X", September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, a future edition of Windows 10 designed exclusively for dual-touchscreen devices such as the then-upcoming Surface Neo. It featured a modified user interface designed around context-sensitive "postures" for different screen configurations and usage scenarios, and changes such as a centered taskbar and updated Start menu without Windows 10's "live tiles". Legacy Windows applications would also be required to run in "containers" to ensure performance and power optimization. Microsoft stated that it planned to release Windows 10X devices by the end of 2020.[17][18][19]

    In May 2020, amid the COVID-19 pandemic, chief product officer for Microsoft Windows and OfficePanos Panay stated that "as we continue to put customers' needs at the forefront, we need to focus on meeting customers where they are now", and therefore announced that Windows 10X would only launch on single-screen devices at first, and that Microsoft would "continue to look for the right moment, in conjunction with our OEM partners, to bring dual-screen devices to market".[20][21]

    In January 2021, it was reported that a job listing referring to a "sweeping visual rejuvenation of Windows" had been posted by Microsoft.[22] A visual refresh for Windows, developed under the codename "Sun Valley", was reportedly set to re-design the system's user interface.[23] Microsoft began to implement and announce some of these visual changes and other new features on Windows 10 Insider Preview builds, such as new system icons (which also included the replacement of shell resources dating back as far as Windows 95),[24] improvements to Task View to allow changing the wallpaper on each virtual desktop, emulation of x64 applications on ARM, and adding the Auto HDR feature from Xbox Series X.[25][26]

    On May 18, 2021, Head of Windows Servicing and Delivery John Cable stated that Windows 10X had been canceled, and that Microsoft would be "accelerating the integration of key foundational 10X technology into other parts of Windows and products at the company".[27]

    Announcement

    At the Microsoft Build 2021 developer conference, CEO and chairman Satya Nadella teased about the existence of the next generation of Windows during his keynote speech. According to Nadella, he had been self-hosting it for several months. He also teased that an official announcement would come very soon.[28] Just a week after Nadella's keynote, Microsoft started sending invitations for a dedicated Windows media event at 11 am ET on June 24, 2021.[29][30] Microsoft also posted September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection 11-minute video of Windows start-up sounds to YouTube on June 10, 2021, with many people speculating both the time of the Microsoft event and the duration of the Windows start-up sound video to be a reference to the name of the operating system as Windows 11.[31][32]

    On June 24, 2021, Windows 11 was officially announced at a virtual event hosted by Chief Product OfficerPanos Panay.[33][34][35] According to Nadella, Windows 11 is "a re-imagining of the operating system".[36] Further details for developers such as updates to the Microsoft Store, the new Windows App SDK (code-named "Project Reunion"), new Fluent Design guidelines, and more were discussed during another developer-focused event on the same day.[37][38][39]

    Release

    The Windows 11 name was accidentally released in an official Microsoft support document in June 2021.[40][41] Leaked images of a purported beta build of Windows 11's desktop surfaced online later on June 15, 2021,[42][43] which were followed by a leak of the aforementioned build on the same day.[44] The screenshots and leaked build show an interface resembling that of the canceled Windows 10X, alongside a redesigned out-of-box experience (OOBE) and Windows 11 branding.[45] Microsoft would later confirm the authenticity of the leaked beta, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, with Panay stating that it was an "early weird build".[46][47]

    At the June 24 media event, Microsoft also announced that Windows 11 would be released in "Holiday 2021", with an exact date not given.[48][49] Its release will be accompanied by a free upgrade for compatible Windows 10 devices through Windows Update.[50] On June 28, Microsoft announced the release of the first preview build and SDK of Windows 11 to Windows Insiders.[51]

    On August 31, 2021, Microsoft announced that Windows 11 was to be released on October 5, 2021.[52] The release How to Change User Name Windows 10? 2 Easy Methods be phased, with newer eligible devices to be offered the upgrade first.[6] Since its predecessor Windows 10 was released on July 29, 2015, more than six years earlier, this is the longest time span between successive releases of Microsoft Windows operating systems, beating the time between Windows XP (released on October 25, 2001) and Windows Vista (released on January 30, 2007).[53]

    Microsoft officially released Windows 11 on October 4, 2021, at 2:00 p.m. PT, which was October 5 in parts of the world.[54] It can be obtained as an in-place upgrade via either the Windows 11 Installation Assistant application (the successor to the Media Creation Tool from Windows 10, which can also generate an ISO image or USB install media), or via Windows Update on eligible devices.[55]

    Updates through Windows Update are a phased rollout, and are distributed on an opt-in basis: Microsoft stated that they "expect all eligible Windows 10 devices to be offered the upgrade to Windows 11 by mid-2022."[56][57] Eligible devices also may present an option to download Windows 11 during the Windows 10 out-of-box experience (OOBE) on a new installation.[58]

    Features

    Main article: Features new to Windows 11

    See also: List of features removed in Windows 11

    Windows 11, the first major Windows release since 2015, builds upon its predecessor by revamping the user interface to follow Microsoft's new Fluent Design guidelines. The redesign, which focuses on ease of use and flexibility,[50] comes alongside new productivity and social features and updates to security and accessibility, addressing some of the deficiencies of Windows 10.[59]

    The Microsoft Store, which serves as a unified storefront for apps and other content, is also redesigned in Windows 11. Microsoft now allows developers to distribute Win32, progressive web applications, and other packaging technologies in the Microsoft Store, alongside Universal Windows Platform apps.[60] Microsoft also announced plans to allow third-party application stores (such as Epic Games Store) to distribute their clients on Microsoft Store.[61] Windows 11 supports x86-64 software emulation on ARM-based platforms.[62]

    The collaboration platform Microsoft Teams is integrated into the Windows 11 user interface, and is accessible via the taskbar. Skype will no longer be bundled with the OS by default.[63][64][65]

    Microsoft claims performance improvements such as smaller update sizes, faster web browsing in "any browser", faster wake time from sleep mode, and faster Windows Hello authentication.[63][66]

    Windows 11 ships with the Chromium-based Microsoft Edgeweb browser, and does not include or support Internet Explorer.[67] Its rendering engine Trident is still included with the operating system for backwards compatibility reasons, and Edge can be configured with Group Policy to render whitelisted websites in "IE Mode" (which still uses IE's rendering engine Trident, instead of Blink layout engine).[68] Windows 11 is the first version of Windows since the original retail release of Windows 95 to not ship with (the full version of) Internet Explorer.[69]

    The updated Xbox app,[70][71] along with the Auto HDR and DirectStorage technologies introduced by the Xbox Series X and Series S, will be integrated into Windows 11; the latter requiring a graphics card supporting DirectX 12 and an NVMesolid-state drive.[71][72]

    User interface

    A redesigned interface is present throughout the operating system, building upon Fluent Design System; translucency, shadows, a new color palette, and rounded geometry are prevalent throughout the UI. A prevalent aspect of the design is an appearance known as "Mica", described as an "opaque, dynamic material that incorporates theme and desktop wallpaper to paint the background of long-lived windows such as apps and settings".[73][74] Much of the interface and start menu take heavy inspiration from the now-canceled Windows 10X. The Segoe UIfont used since Windows Vista has been updated to a variable version, improving its ability to scale between display resolutions.[76]

    The taskbar's buttons are center-aligned by default, and it is permanently pinned to the bottom edge of the screen; it cannot be moved to the top, left, or right edges of the screen as in previous versions of Windows.[77] The notifications sidebar is now accessed by clicking the date and time, with other Quick Actions toggles, as well as volume, brightness, and media playback controls, moved to a new settings pop-up displayed by clicking on the system tray. The "Widgets" button on the taskbar displays a panel with Microsoft Start,[78] a news aggregator with personalized stories and content (expanding upon the "news and interests" panel introduced in later builds of Windows 10).[66][73]Microsoft Teams is similarly integrated with the taskbar, with a pop-up showing a list of recent conversations.[65]

    The Start menu has been significantly redesigned, replacing the "live tiles" used by Windows 8.x and 10 with a grid of "pinned" applications, and a list of recent applications and documents.[63][66]File Explorer was updated to replace its ribbon toolbar with a more traditional toolbar, while its context menus have been redesigned to move common tasks (such as copy and paste) to a toolbar along the top of the menu, and hide advanced operations under an overflow menu.[73]

    Task View, a feature introduced in Windows 10, features a refreshed design, and supports giving separate wallpapers to each virtual desktop. The window snapping functionality has been enhanced with two additional features; hovering over a window's maximize button displays pre-determined "Snap Layouts" for tiling multiple windows onto a display, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, and tiled arrangement of windows can be minimized and restored from the taskbar as a "snap group".[66][79] When a display is disconnected in a multi-monitor configuration, the windows that were previously on that display will be minimized rather than automatically moved to the main display. If the same display is reconnected, the windows are restored to their prior location.[80]

    Windows Subsystem for Android

    Further information: Project Astoria and Windows Subsystem for Linux

    On October 21, 2021, Windows Subsystem for Android (WSA) became available to Beta channel builds of Windows 11 for users in the United States,[81] which allows users to install and run Android apps. Users can install Android apps through any source using the Android application package (APK) file format.[82] An Amazon Appstore client for Microsoft Store will also be available.[83][84][85][86]

    WSA is based on the Intel Bridge runtime compiler; Intel stated that the technology is not dependent on its own CPUs, and will also be supported on x86-64 and ARM CPUs from other vendors.[86]

    System security

    As part of the minimum system requirements, Windows 11 only runs on devices September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection a Trusted Platform Module 2.0 security coprocessor.[87][88] According to Microsoft, the TPM 2.0 coprocessor is a "critical building block" for protection against firmware and hardware attacks. In addition, Microsoft now requires devices with Windows 11 to include virtualization-based security (VBS), hypervisor-protected code integrity (HVCI), and Secure Boot built-in and enabled by default.[89] The operating system also features hardware-enforced stack protection for supported Intel and AMD processors for protection against zero-day exploits.

    Like its predecessor, Windows 11 also supports multi-factor authentication and biometric authentication through Windows Hello.[89]

    Versions

    Main article: Windows 11 version history

    Windows 11 is available in two main editions; the Home edition is intended for consumer users, while the Pro edition contains additional networking and security features (such as BitLocker), as well as the ability to join a domain.[90] Windows 11 Home may be restricted by default to verified software obtained from Microsoft Store ("S Mode").[91] Windows 11 Home requires an internet connection and Microsoft account in order to complete first-time setup.[92]

    Windows 11 SE was announced on November 9, 2021, as an edition exclusively for low-end devices sold in the education market, and a successor to Windows 10 S. It is designed to be managed via Microsoft Intune, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, and has changes based on feedback from educators to simplify the user interface and reduce "distractions", such as Snap Layouts not containing layouts for more than two applications at once, all applications opening maximized by default, Widgets being removed, and Microsoft Edge being configured by default to allow extensions from Chrome Web Store (primarily to target those migrating from Chrome OS). It is bundled with applications such as Microsoft Office for Microsoft 365, Minecraft Education Edition, and Flipgrid, while OneDrive is used to save files by default. Windows 11 SE does not include Microsoft Store; third-party software is provisioned or installed by administrators.[93][94]

    The Windows Insider program carries over from Windows 10, with pre-release builds divided into "Dev" (unstable September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection used to test features for future feature updates), "Beta" (test builds for the next feature update; relatively stable in comparison to Dev channel), and "Release Preview" (pre-release builds for final testing of upcoming feature updates) channels.[95]

    System requirements

    The basic system requirements of Windows 11 differ significantly from Windows 10. Windows 11 only supports 64-bit systems such as those using an x86-64 or ARM64 processor; IA-32 processors are no longer supported.[88] Thus, Windows 11 is the first consumer version of Windows not to support 32-bit processors and 16-bit software (though Windows Server 2008 R2 was the first version of Windows NT to not support them).[99][100] The minimum RAM and storage requirements were also increased; Windows 11 now requires at least 4GB of RAM and 64GB of storage. S mode is only supported for the Home edition of Windows 11.[101] As of August 2021, the officially supported list of processors includes Intel Core 8th generation and later, AMD Zen+ and later (which 3D Animated Wallpaper 3.0 crack serial keygen the "AF" revisions of Ryzen 1000 CPUs, which are underclocked versions of Zen+-based Ryzen 2000 parts that supplant Ryzen 1000 parts that could no longer be manufactured due to a change in process),[102] and Qualcomm Snapdragon 850 and later.[103] The compatibility list includes the Intel Core i7-7820HQ, a seventh-generation processor used by the Surface Studio 2,[104] although only on devices that shipped with DCH-based drivers.[105]

    Legacy BIOS is no longer supported; a UEFI system with Secure Boot and a Trusted Platform Module (TPM) 2.0 security coprocessor is now required.[77][106][107][108] The TPM requirement in particular has led to confusion as many motherboards do not have TPM support, or require a compatible TPM to be physically installed onto the motherboard. Many newer CPUs also include a TPM Z3X Samsung Tool Pro 43.8 Crack Without Box [Loader + Key] at the CPU level (with AMD referring to this "fTPM", and Intel referring to it as "Platform Trust Technology" [PTT]),[109] which might be disabled by default and require changing settings in the computer's UEFI firmware,[110] or an UEFI firmware update that is configured to automatically enable the firmware TPM upon installation.[111]

    Original equipment manufacturers can still ship computers without a TPM 2.0 coprocessor upon Microsoft's approval.[112][113] Devices with unsupported processors are not blocked from installing or running Windows 11; however, a clean install or upgrade using ISO installation media must be performed as Windows Update will not offer an upgrade from Windows 10.[114] Additionally, users must also accept an on-screen disclaimer stating that they will not be entitled to receive updates, and that damage caused by using Windows 11 on an unsupported configuration are not covered by the manufacturer's warranty.[115][116] Some third-party software may refuse to run on unsupported configurations of Windows 11.[117]

    Reception

    Pre-release

    Reception of Windows 11 upon its reveal was positive, with critics praising the new design and productivity features.[118] However, Microsoft was criticized for creating confusion over the minimum system requirements for Windows 11.[119] The increased system requirements (compared to those of Windows 10) initially published by Microsoft could see as many as 60 percent of existing Windows 10 PCs unable to upgrade to Windows 11,[120] which has faced concerns that this will make the devices electronic waste.[121]

    It has been theorized that these system requirements were a measure intended to encourage the purchase of new PCs, especially amid a downturn in PC sales and increased prices due to the global chip shortage.[73] While Microsoft has not specifically acknowledged this when discussing the cutoff, it was also acknowledged that the sixth and seventh generation of Intel Core processors were prominently afflicted by CPU-level security vulnerabilities such as Meltdown and Spectre, and that newer CPUs manufactured since then had increased mitigations against the flaws.[73][122] Research Vice President of Gartner Stephen Kleynhans felt that Microsoft was "looking at the entire stack from the hardware up through the applications and the user experience and trying to make the entire stack work better and more securely.[122]

    Launch

    Andrew Cunningham of Ars Technica praised the improvements to its visual design (describing the new "Mica" appearance as reminiscent of the visual appearance of iOS and macOS, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, and arguing that Microsoft had "[made] a serious effort" at making the user-facing aspects of Windows 11 more consistent visually), window management, performance (assessed as being equivalent to if not better than Windows 10), other "beneficial tweaks", and its system requirements having brought greater public attention to hardware security features present on modern PCs. Criticism was raised towards Widgets' lack of support for third-party content (thus limiting it to Microsoft services only), regressions in taskbar functionality and customization, the inability to easily select default applications for common tasks such as web browsing (now requiring the user to select the browser application for each file type individually), and Microsoft's unclear justification for its processor compatibility criteria. Cunningham concluded that "as I've dug into [Windows 11] and learned its ins and outs for this review, I've warmed to it more", but argued that the OS was facing similar "public perception" issues to Windows Vista and Windows 8. However, he noted that 11 did not have as many performance issues or bugs as Vista had upon its release, nor was as "disjointed" as 8, and recommended that users who were unsure about the upgrade should stay on Windows 10 in anticipation of future updates to 11.[73]

    Tom Warren of The Verge described Windows 11 as being akin to a house in the middle of renovations, but that "actually using Windows 11 for the past few months hasn't felt as controversial as I had expected"—praising its updated user interface as being more modern and reminiscent of iOS and Chrome OS, the new start menu for feeling less cluttered than the Windows 10 iteration, updates to some of its stock applications, and Snap Assist. Warren noted that he rarely used the Widgets panel or Microsoft Teams, citing that he preferred the weather display that later versions of Windows 10 offered, and didn't use Teams to communicate with his friends and family. He also acknowledged the expansion of Microsoft Store to include more "traditional" desktop applications. However, he felt that Windows 11 still felt like a work in progress, noting UI inconsistencies (such as dark mode and new context menu designs not being uniform across all dialogues and applications, and the modern Settings app still falling back upon legacy Control Panel applets for certain settings), regressions to the taskbar (including the inability to move it, drag files onto taskbar buttons in order to focus the corresponding application, and the clock only shown on the primary display in multi-monitor configurations), and promised features (such as dynamic refresh rate support and a universal microphone mute button) not being present on the initial release. Overall, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, he concluded that "I wouldn't rush out to upgrade to Windows 11, but I also wouldn't avoid it. After all, Windows 11 still feels familiar and underneath all the UI changes, it's the same Windows we've had for decades."[123]

    PC World was more critical, arguing that Windows 11 "sacrifices productivity for personality, but without cohesion", commenting upon changes such as the inability to use local "offline" accounts on Windows 11 Home, regressions to the taskbar, a "functionally worse" start menu, Microsoft Teams integration having privacy implications and being a ploy to coerce users into switching to the service, File Explorer obscuring common functions under unclear icons, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, using "terribly sleazy" behaviors to discourage changing the default web browser from Microsoft Edge, and that the OS "anecdotally feels less responsive, slower, and heavier than Windows 10." It was concluded that Windows 11 "feels practical 4D BackUp 1.5.x crack serial keygen productive, but less so than its predecessor in many aspects", while its best features were either "hidden deeper within", required specific hardware (DirectStorage, Auto HDR) or were not available on launch (Android app support).[124]

    See also

    References

    1. ^Warren, Tom (June 15, 2021). "Windows 11 leak reveals new UI, Start menu, and more". The Verge. Retrieved September 12, 2021.
    2. ^Tung, Liam. "Programming language tools: Windows gets versatile new open-source terminal". ZDNet. Archived from the original on August 3, 2020. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
    3. ^"Microsoft is open-sourcing Windows Calculator on GitHub". ZDNet. Archived from the original on July 3, 2019. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
    4. ^"GitHub – September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection. GitHub. Archived from the original on January 14, 2017. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
    5. ^"windows forms". Microsoft. Archived from the original on September 13, 2020. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
    6. ^ abPanay, Panos (October 4, 2021). "Windows 11: A new era for the PC begins today". Windows Experience Blog. Retrieved October 4, 2021.
    7. ^"November 9, 2021—KB5007215 (OS Build 22000.318)". Microsoft Support. November 9, 2021.
    8. ^"Announcing Windows 11 Insider Preview Build 22504". Windows Insider Blog. November 17, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, 2021.
    9. ^"Local Experience Packs – Microsoft Store". microsoft.com. Microsoft. Archived from the original on July 21, 2019. Retrieved June 16, 2021.
    10. ^"Microsoft Volume Licensing Center". microsoft.com. Microsoft, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection. Archived from the original on November 18, 2011. Retrieved June 16, 2021.
    11. ^"Microsoft swallows its pride and releases new Chrome-based browser". finance.yahoo.com. Retrieved November 17, 2021.
    12. ^Shankland, Stephen. "Google is loosening its grip on Chrome's foundations, but outside allies still help it control the web itself". CNET. Retrieved November 17, 2021.
    13. ^Microsoft Edge and Chromium Open Source: Our Intent, Microsoft Edge, October 18, 2020, retrieved November 17, 2021,
    14. ^"Windows forever: Windows 10 builds will continue even after Microsoft ships it". PCWorld. April 30, 2015, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection. Archived from the original on March 2, 2021. Retrieved June 16, 2021.
    15. ^"Windows 10 Takes Its Place as Microsoft's 'Forever OS'". Redmondmag. Archived from the original on April 9, 2021. Retrieved June 16, 2021.
    16. ^Loeb, Larry (July 28, 2015). "Windows 10: Microsoft Attempts A SaaS Model". InformationWeek. Archived from the original on May 8, 2021. Retrieved June 27, 2021.
    17. ^Warren, Tom (October 2, 2019). "Microsoft Surface Neo first look: the future of Windows 10X is dual-screen". The Verge. Retrieved May 4, 2020.
    18. ^Hollister, Sean DVD Archives - Download Pro Crack Software 2, 2019). "Windows 10X is Microsoft's latest stab at a 'Lite' operating system, exclusively for September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection. The Verge. Retrieved May 4, 2020.
    19. ^Warren, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, Tom (October 2, 2019). "Windows 10X has a new Start Menu and no more Live Tiles". The Verge. Retrieved October 16, 2021.
    20. ^Warren, Tom (May 4, 2020). "Microsoft confirms Windows 10X is coming to laptops amid big jump in Windows usage". The Verge. Retrieved May 4, 2020.
    21. ^"Accelerating innovation in Windows 10 to meet customers where they are". Windows Experience Blog. May 4, 2020. Retrieved October 16, 2021.
    22. ^Warren, Tom (January 4, 2021). "Microsoft planning 'sweeping visual rejuvenation of Windows'". The Verge. Archived from the original on June 10, 2021. Retrieved June 16, 2021.
    23. ^Warren, Tom (January 4, 2021). "Microsoft planning 'sweeping visual rejuvenation of Windows'". The Verge. Retrieved October 16, 2021.
    24. ^Warren, Tom (March Ableton Live Suite v10.1.25 Full version Archives - keygenfile, 2021). "Microsoft's Windows 10 UI overhaul continues with new system icons". The Verge. Retrieved October 16, 2021.
    25. ^Warren, Tom (March 17, 2021). "Microsoft is bringing its Xbox Auto HDR feature to Windows". The Verge. Retrieved October 16, 2021.
    26. ^Anton Shilov (December September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, 2020). "Microsoft Brings x64 Emulation to Windows 10 on Arm PCs". Tom's Hardware. Retrieved November 14, 2021.
    27. ^Warren, Tom (May 18, 2021). "Microsoft confirms Windows 10X is dead". The Verge. Retrieved May 18, 2021.
    28. ^"Satya Nadella teases major updates coming soon to Windows during Build 2021 keynote". Windows Central. May 25, 2021. Archived from the original on June 5, 2021. Retrieved June 15, 2021.
    29. ^"Microsoft to reveal its next generation of Windows on June 24". The Verge. June 2, 2021. Archived from the original on June 11, 2021. Retrieved June 15, 2021.
    30. ^"Microsoft Windows Event – Watch the June 24 LIVE stream". Microsoft. June 2, 2021. Archived from the original on June 16, 2021. Retrieved June 15, 2021.
    31. ^Windows Startup Sounds – Slo-fi Remix. Microsoft. June 10, 2021, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection. Archived from the original on June 12, 2021. Retrieved June 15, 2021 – via YouTube.
    32. ^"Microsoft teases new Windows 11 startup sound with 11-minute video". The Verge. June 10, 2021. Archived from the original on June 12, 2021. Retrieved June 15, 2021.
    33. ^"Microsoft Windows Event – Watch the June 24 LIVE stream". Windows. Microsoft. June 2, 2021. Archived from the original on June 16, 2021. Retrieved June 15, 2021.
    34. ^Warren, Tom (June 24, 2021). "Live blog: Microsoft's Windows 11 event". The Verge. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
    35. ^Novet, Jordan; Leswing, Kif; Haselton, Todd (June 24, 2021). "Microsoft just unveiled Windows 11: Here's everything it announced". CNBC. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
    36. ^@satyanadella (June 25, 2021). "Today marks the beginning of a new generation of Windows" (Tweet). Retrieved June 25, 2021 – via Twitter.
    37. ^Join us to see what's next for developers. Archived from the original on June 23, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021 – via YouTube.
    38. ^Gallo, Kevin (June 24, 2021). "What Windows 11 Means for Developers". Windows Developer Blog. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
    39. ^Jones, Luke (June 18, 2021). "Microsoft Announces Windows 11 Developer Event on June 24". WinBuzzer. Archived from the original on June 18, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
    40. ^Parmar, Mayank (June 21, 2021). "Windows 11 confirmed in a new Microsoft support document". Windows Latest. Archived from the original on June 20, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
    41. ^Allan, Darren (June 21, 2021). "Windows 11 name confirmed in fresh leak from Microsoft". Tech Radar. Archived from the original on June 22, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
    42. ^"传说中的Windows11,测试版/The legendary Windows 11, beta version". Baidu (in Chinese). Archived from the original on June 15, 2021. Retrieved June 17, 2021.
    43. ^Reichert, Corinne (June 15, 2021). "Windows 11 screenshots leak online, report says". CNET. Archived from the original on June 28, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
    44. ^Mott, Nathaniel (June 17, 2021). "Windows 11: Everything We Know About Microsoft's Next OS". Tom's Hardware. Archived from the original on June 25, 2021. Retrieved June 17, 2021.
    45. ^"Windows 11 Build Leaks, Shows a New Desktop UI, Start Menu, and More". reviewgeek. June 15, 2021. Archived from the original on June 16, 2021. Retrieved June 15, 2021.
    46. ^Warren, Tom (June 25, 2021). "Microsoft's Panos Panay on building Windows 11 during a pandemic, Android, and the leak". The Verge. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
    47. ^Rubino, Daniel (June 18, 2021). "Microsoft issues DMCA complaint against site hosting Windows 11 ISO, confirms authenticity". Windows Central. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
    48. ^"Upgrade to the New Windows 11 OS". Windows. Microsoft. June 24, 2021. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
    49. ^Rayome, Alison DeNisco. "Windows 11 release date: Here's when you can install Microsoft's free update". CNET. Archived from the original on June 26, 2021. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
    50. ^ abPanay, Panos (June 24, 2021). "Introducing Windows 11". Windows Experience Blog. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
    51. ^"Announcing the first Insider Preview for Windows 11". Windows Insider Blog. June 28, 2021. Archived from the original on June 29, 2021. Retrieved June 29, 2021.
    52. ^Rayome, Alison DeNisco. "Windows 11 release date: Here's when Microsoft's new OS comes out". CNET. Retrieved August 31, 2021.
    53. ^Rayome, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, Alison DeNisco. "Windows 11: What you need to know about the beta, release date, new features and more". CNET. Retrieved August 31, 2021.
    54. ^Blog, Windows Experience (August 31, 2021). "Windows 11 available on October 5". Windows Experience Blog. Retrieved October 6, 2021.
    55. ^Rayome, Alison DeNisco. "Download Windows 11 now with this workaround: How to skip the wait for Microsoft's OS". CNET. Retrieved November 2, 2021.
    56. ^Warren, Tom (October 4, 2021). "Microsoft releases Windows 11 a day early". The Verge. Retrieved October 4, 2021.
    57. ^Foley, Mary Jo. "Microsoft's Windows 11: How to get it now (or later)". ZDNet. Retrieved October 5, 2021.
    58. ^"KB5005716: Out of Box Experience update for Windows 10, version 2004, 20H2, 21H1, and 21H2: October 4, 2021". support.microsoft.com. Retrieved November 2, 2021.
    59. ^"Windows 11 Is the Overhaul Microsoft Needed". Gizmodo. Archived from the original on June 25, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
    60. ^"Microsoft is committed to the Microsoft Store with Windows 11". Windows Central. June 24, 2021. Archived from the original on June 25, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
    61. ^Warren, Tom (September 28, 2021). "Microsoft opens its Windows store up to third-party app stores". The Verge. Retrieved October 16, 2021.
    62. ^Warren, Tom (November 16, 2021). "Windows 10 on Arm will no longer get x64 app emulation". The Verge. Retrieved November 16, 2021.
    63. ^ abcWarren, Tom (June 24, 2021). "Microsoft announces Windows 11, with a new design, Start menu, and more". The Verge. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
    64. ^Lawler, Richard (June 24, 2021). "Microsoft didn't kill Skype, but Windows 11 is shoving it out of sight". The Verge. Archived from the original on June 25, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
    65. ^ abWelch, Chris (June 24, 2021). "Microsoft Teams will be directly integrated as part of Windows 11". The Verge. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
    66. ^ abcdSalter, Jim (June 24, 2021). "Windows 11 is much September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection iobit driver booster 7.2.0.598 pro license key Archives a new theme slapped onto Windows 10". Ars Technica. Archived from the original on June 25, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
    67. ^Tom Warren (June 25, 2021). "Windows 11 is deleting Internet Explorer". The Verge. Retrieved August 12, 2021.
    68. ^"What is Internet September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection mode?". Microsoft Docs. Retrieved October 12, 2021.
    69. ^Ed Bott (August 23, 2019). "How Microsoft lost its monopoly in web browsers". ZDNet, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection. Retrieved August 13, 2021.
    70. ^Sarkar, Samit (June 24, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, 2021). "Xbox Game Pass is built into Windows 11". Polygon. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
    71. ^ abMachkovech, Sam (June 24, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection. "DirectStorage on Windows 11: Next-gen gaming performance, with PC requirements". Ars Technica. Archived from the original on June 25, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
    72. ^Rishi Alwani (June 24, 2021), September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection. "Windows 11 Gets Xbox Series X Auto HDR, Direct Storage API, and Game Pass". IGN. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
    73. ^ abcdefCunningham, Andrew (October 4, 2021). "Windows 11: The Ars Technica review". Ars Technica. Retrieved October 5, 2021.
    74. ^hickeys. "Mica material – Windows apps". Microsoft Docs. Retrieved October 5, 2021.
    75. ^hickeys. "Typography in Windows 11 – Windows apps". Microsoft Docs. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
    76. ^ ab"Windows 11 Specifications – Microsoft". Windows. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
    77. ^Warren, Tom (September 7, 2021). "Microsoft Start is a personalized news feed designed for Windows 11, mobile, and more". The Verge. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
    78. ^Krasnoff, Barbara (October 5, 2021). "How to use snap layouts in Windows 11". The Verge. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
    79. ^editor, Executive. "Windows 11 multi-monitor tweaks are toying with my emotions". PCWorld. Retrieved November 9, 2021.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
    80. ^Bisson, Simon. "How to get started with the Windows Subsystem for Android in Windows 11". TechRepublic. Retrieved November 3, 2021.
    81. ^"Windows 11 will support Android apps from outside the Amazon Appstore". xda-developers. June 25, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection, 2021. Archived from the original on June 26, 2021. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
    82. ^"Amazon and Microsoft create new opportunities for developers and increase return on investment in the Amazon Appstore : Appstore Blogs". developer.amazon.com. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
    83. ^Jordan, Novet; Leswing, Kif; Haselton, Todd (June 24, 2021). "Microsoft Windows 11 will support Android apps". CNBC. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
    84. ^Warren, Tom (June 24, 2021). "Microsoft is bringing Android apps to Windows 11 with Amazon's Appstore". The Verge. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
    85. ^ abGartenberg, Chaim (June 24, 2021). "Windows 11's Intel-powered Android apps will run on AMD and Arm processors, too". The Verge. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
    86. ^ ab"Windows 11: Minimum Hardware Requirements"(PDF). Microsoft. June 2021. Archived(PDF) from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
    87. ^ ab"Windows 11 won't work without a TPM – What you need to know". BleepingComputer. Archived from the original on June 25, 2021, September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
    88. ^ ab"Windows 11 enables security by design from the chip to the cloud". Microsoft Security Blog. June 25, 2021. Archived from the original on June 26, 2021. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
    89. ^"Compare Windows 11 Home vs Pro Versions

      September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection - regret

      Overview

      Advertisement:

      Advertisement

      Welcome to the homepage of FileZilla®, the free FTP solution. The FileZilla Client not only supports FTP, but also FTP over TLS (FTPS) and SFTP. It is open source software distributed free of charge under the terms of the GNU General Public License.

      We are also offering FileZilla Pro, with additional protocol support for WebDAV, Amazon S3, Backblaze B2, Dropbox, Microsoft OneDrive, Google Drive, Microsoft Azure Blob and File Storage, and Google Cloud Storage.

      Last but not least, FileZilla Server is a free open source FTP and FTPS Server.

      Support is available through our forums, the wiki and the bug and feature request trackers.

      In addition, you will find documentation on how to compile FileZilla and nightly builds for multiple platforms in the development section.

      Quick download links

      Pick the client if you want to transfer files. Get the server if you want to make files available for others.

      News Atom feed icon

      2021-10-29 - FileZilla Server 1.1.0 released

      Fixed vulnerabilities:

      • MSW: Fixed directory traversal vulnerability, all users of 1.x must update

      Bugfixes and minor changes:

      • MSW: Fixed installer getting stuck if not installing all components
      • MSW: Installer enables minidump for executables
      • Fixed CIDR parsing
      • Fixed potential crash if a transfer gets aborted

      2021-10-27 - FileZilla Client 3.56.2 released

      Bugfixes and minor changes:

      • Fixed a potential crash after uploading

      2021-10-26 - FileZilla Client 3.56.1 released

      Bugfixes and minor changes:

      • macOS Monterey: Opening the Site Manager on startup is now delayed a millisecond, otherwise the right mouse button would have stopped working
      • macOS: Fixed getting temporary directory
      • MSW: Updated to libfilezilla 0.34.1 to fix local directory contents returned by the system in oversized buffers containing nulls

      2021-09-10 - FileZilla Usability Survey

      We are collaborating with Simply Secure to make improvements to FileZilla's user experience. They would like to hear from you about your experience with FileZilla and understand your needs.

      Take the survey.

      2020-07-16 - FileZilla Pro Adds Support for Keystone V3, OneDrive Sharing, and Amazon STS

      By adding support for the OpenStack Swift Keystone v3 identity service, OneDrive Sharing, and Amazon Secure Token Service (STS). FileZilla Pro is making it possible for its users to store and share files with greater versatility and security. Read the full news.

      2019-11-07 - FileZilla Pro to continue work with bug bounty program

      Building on success of participation in EU security project, FileZilla will continue participating and investing project resources in bug bounty program. Read the full news.

      2019-07-29 - FileZilla refocuses on security after participation in EU bug bounty program

      European Union-spondored "bug bounty" program found some security issues which have promptly been fixed.

      Read the full news.

      Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]
      folder lock Crack key

      Download Crack Only Download Setup + CrackFolder Lock 7.9.0 Crack Incl Registration Key + Code Download [Latest] Folder Lock 7.9.0 Crack is professional security software.

      Read More
      IDM Crack With Key Full Download

      IDM 6.39 Build 8 Crack  With License Key Full Version Download [Crack Updated] Internet Download Manager (IDM) 6.39 Build 8 Crack is a tool to

      Read More

      FL Studio 20.8.4.2576 Crack + License Number Full Fruity Edition Free Download [Latest] 2022 FL Studio 20.8.4.2576 Crack is the best music production novice. FL

      Read More

      Reimage PC Repair 2022 Crack + Activation Key Full Keygen Download Reimage PC Repair 2022 Crack is one of the best tools for diagnosing, analyzing,

      Read More

      Camtasia Studio 2021.0.11.32979 Crack With Activation Key Free Download [Latest] Camtasia Studio 2021.0.11.32979 Crack is a majestic screen recorder and video editor for Windows Computer

      Read More

      CleanMyPC 1.12.0.2113 Crack With Free Activation Code Download Full Version [Latest] 2022 CleanMyPC 1.12.0.2113 Crack is a tuning utility designed to whip your computer back

      Read More
      InPixio Photo Clip Professional Crack With Free Activation and Product Key Download

      InPixio Photo Clip 10.1 Professional Crack With Activation Keys Free Download [Latest] 2022 InPixio Photo Clip 10.1 Professional Crack is a digital image graphics editor.

      Read More

      NordVPN 6.39.6.0 Crack Version + Serial Keys [Full Patched] Download [Latest] 2021 NordVPN 6.39.6.0 Crack is the most advanced & secured VPN. This software secures

      Read More

      CleanMyMac X 4.8.8 Crack + Torrent Latest Download For Win & Mac [Latest] 2022 CleanMyMac X 4.8.8 Crack is a powerful, rich-featured, and interactive tool

      Read More
      Leawo Total Media Converter Crack + Key Full Version Free Download for Win & Mac

      Leawo Total Media Converter 11.0.0.1 Crack + Activation Key Full Version Free  Download 2022 Leawo Total Media Converter 11.0.0.1 Crack 2022 is an excellent suite of

      Read More

      Recent Posts

      Software Categories

      Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]
      Microsoft". Windows. Microsoft. Retrieved October 14, 2021.
    90. ^"Windows 10 and Windows 11 in S mode FAQ". support.microsoft.com. Retrieved October 23, 2021.
    91. ^Lyons, Kim (June 24, 2021). "Windows 11 Home will require a Microsoft account and an internet connection at setup". The Verge. Retrieved October 15, 2021.
    92. ^Warren, Tom (November 9, 2021). "Microsoft announces Windows 11 SE, a new Chrome OS competitor". The Verge. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
    93. ^Cunningham, Andrew (November 9, 2021). "The latest Surface is a $250 laptop that takes a swing at cheap Chromebooks". Ars Technica. Retrieved November 10, 2021.
    94. ^Gralla, Preston (October 29, 2021). "Windows 11 Insider Previews: What's in the latest build?". Computerworld. Retrieved November 3, 2021.
    95. ^https://thewincentral.com/report-windows-11-build-22000-featuring-the-new-ui-refresh-to-be-the-cobalt-rtm-build-if-all-goes-fine/
    96. ^"Compatibility for Windows 11- Compatibility Cookbook". Microsoft Docs. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
    97. ^Hagedoorn, Hilbert. "Microsoft removes mandatory >1TB storage requirement for DirectStorage NVMe SSDs". Guru3D.com. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
    98. ^Joel Hruska (May 18, 2007). "Windows Server 2008 declared 32-bit's last hurrah". Ars Technica. Retrieved August 24, 2021.
    99. ^Jason Perlow (April 30, 2009). "Make no bones about it: Server 2008 R2 is really Windows Server 7". ZDNet. Retrieved September 30, 2021.
    100. ^Lindsay, Greg. "Windows 11 requirements – What's new in Windows". Microsoft Docs. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
    101. ^"AMD Ryzen 5 1600 AF Review". TechSpot. Retrieved October 6, 2021.
    102. ^"Windows Processor Requirements". Microsoft Docs. Archived from the original on June 25, 2021. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
    103. ^Lilly, Paul (September 9, 2021). "Asus is issuing BIOS updates to support Windows 11 on unsupported Intel CPUs". PC Gamer. Retrieved October 6, 2021.
    104. ^"Update on Windows 11 minimum system requirements and the PC Health Check app". Windows Insider Blog. August 27, 2021. Retrieved August 28, 2021.
    Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

    Windows 10

    Personal computer operating system by Microsoft released in 2015

    This article is about the operating system for personal computers. For the related (now discontinued) operating system for mobile devices, see Windows 10 Mobile.

    Not to be confused with Windows 1.0.

    Windows 10 Logo.svg
    Windows 10 Home Version 21H1 Desktop.png

    Screenshot of Windows 10 version 21H1, showing the Start Menu and Action Center in light theme

    DeveloperMicrosoft
    Written in
    OS familyMicrosoft Windows
    Source model
    Released to
    manufacturing
    July 15, 2015; 6 years ago (2015-07-15)
    General
    availability
    July 29, 2015; 6 years ago (2015-07-29)
    Latest release21H2 (10.0.19044.1348) (November 16, 2021; 3 days ago (2021-11-16)[5]) [±]
    Latest preview10.0.19044.1381 (November 18, 2021; 1 day ago (2021-11-18)[6]) [±]
    Marketing targetPersonal computing
    Available in110 languages[7][8] (Specific language packs included on the device depend on the mobile operator (for cellular connected devices) or device manufacturer. Additional language packs are available for download on the Microsoft Store, pursuant to manufacturer and carrier support.)

    List of languages

    Update method
    PlatformsIA-32, x86-64, ARMv7,[9][10]ARM64[11][12][13]
    Kernel typeHybrid (Windows NT kernel)
    UserlandNative API
    Windows API
    .NET Framework
    Universal Windows Platform
    Windows Subsystem for Linux
    NTVDM (IA-32 only)
    Default
    user interface
    Windows shell (graphical)
    LicenseTrialware,[14]Microsoft Software Assurance, MSDN subscription, Microsoft Imagine
    Preceded byWindows 8.1 (2013)
    Succeeded byWindows 11 (2021)
    Official websitewww.microsoft.com/en-us/software-download/windows10
    All editions except "Enterprise LTSB/LTSC" are supported until October 14, 2025 as long as they install the latest feature upgrades.[15][16] The Enterprise LTSB/LTSC editions are supported for 10 years after their release date. See § Support lifecycle for details.

    Windows 10 is a major release of the Windows NToperating system developed by Microsoft. It is the successor to Windows 8.1, which was released nearly two years earlier, and itself was released to manufacturing on July 15, 2015, and broadly released for the general public on July 29, 2015.[17] Windows 10 was made available for download via MSDN and TechNet, as a free upgrade for retail copies of Windows 8 and Windows 8.1 users via the Windows Store, and to Windows 7 users via Windows Update. Windows 10 receives new builds on an ongoing basis, which are available at no additional cost to users, in addition to additional test builds of Windows 10, which are available to Windows Insiders. Devices in enterprise environments can receive these updates at a slower pace, or use long-term support milestones that only receive critical updates, such as security patches, over their ten-year lifespan of extended support.[18][19]

    Windows 10 received generally positive reviews upon its original release. Critics praised Microsoft's decision to provide the desktop-oriented interface in line with previous versions of Windows, contrasting the tablet-oriented approach of Windows 8, although Windows 10's touch-oriented user interface mode was criticized for containing regressions upon the touch-oriented interface of its predecessor. Critics also praised the improvements to Windows 10's bundled software over Windows 8.1, Xbox Live integration, as well as the functionality and capabilities of the Cortana personal assistant and the replacement of Internet Explorer with Microsoft Edge. However, media outlets have been critical of the changes to operating system behaviors, including mandatory update installation, privacy concerns over data collection performed by the OS for Microsoft and its partners, and adware-like tactics used to promote the operating system on its release.[20]

    Microsoft initially aimed to have Windows 10 installed on over one billion devices within three years of its release;[18] that goal was ultimately reached almost five years after release on March 16, 2020.[21] By January 2018, Windows 10 surpassed Windows 7 as the most popular version of Windows worldwide.[22] As of June 2021[update], it is estimated that 79% of Windows PCs,[22] 58% of all PCs (the rest being older Windows versions and other operating systems such as macOS and Linux), and 24% of all devices (including mobile, tablet and console)[23] are running Windows 10. On June 24, 2021, Microsoft announced Windows 10's successor, Windows 11, which was released on October 5, 2021.[24]

    Windows 10 is the final version of Windows which supports IA-32 and ARMv7-based processors (also known as 32-bit processors). Its successor, Windows 11, requires a 64-bit processor in any supported architecture (x86-64/AMD64 for x86 and ARMv8 for ARM).

    Development[edit]

    At the Microsoft Worldwide Partner Conference in 2011, Andrew Lees, the chief of Microsoft's mobile technologies, said that the company intended to have a single software ecosystem for PCs, phones, tablets, and other devices: "We won't have an ecosystem for PCs, and one for phones, and one for tablets‍—‌they'll all come together."[25][26]

    In December 2013, technology writer Mary Jo Foley reported that Microsoft was working on an update to Windows 8 codenamed "Threshold", after a planet in its Halo franchise.[27] Similarly to "Blue" (which became Windows 8.1),[28] Foley described Threshold, not as a single operating system, but as a "wave of operating systems" across multiple Microsoft platforms and services, quoting Microsoft sources, scheduled for the second quarter of 2015. She also stated that one of the goals for Threshold was to create a unified application platform and development toolkit for Windows, Windows Phone and Xbox One (which all use a similar kernel based on Windows NT).[27][29]

    At the Build Conference in April 2014, Microsoft's Terry Myerson unveiled an updated version of Windows 8.1 (build 9697) that added the ability to run Windows Store apps inside desktop windows and a more traditional Start menu in place of the Start screen seen in Windows 8. The new Start menu takes after Windows 7's design by using only a portion of the screen and including a Windows 7-style application listing in the first column. The second column displays Windows 8-style app tiles. Myerson said that these changes would occur in a future update, but did not elaborate.[30][31] Microsoft also unveiled the concept of a "universal Windows app", allowing Windows Store apps created for Windows 8.1 to be ported to Windows Phone 8.1 and Xbox One while sharing a common codebase, with an interface designed for different device form factors, and allowing user data and licenses for an app to be shared between multiple platforms. Windows Phone 8.1 would share nearly 90% of the common Windows Runtime APIs with Windows 8.1 on PCs.[30][32][33][34]

    Screenshots of a Windows build purported to be Threshold were leaked in July 2014, showing the previously presented Start menu and windowed Windows Store apps,[35] followed by a further screenshot of a build identifying itself as "Windows Technical Preview", numbered 9834, in September 2014, showing a new virtual desktop system, a notification center, and a new File Explorer icon.[36]

    Announcement[edit]

    "Windows 9" redirects here. For the Windows versions produced from 1995 to 2000, see Windows 9x.

    On September 30, 2014, Microsoft officially announced that Threshold would be unveiled during a media event as Windows 10. Myerson said that Windows 10 would be Microsoft's "most comprehensive platform ever", providing a single, unified platform for desktop and laptop computers, tablets, smartphones, and all-in-one devices.[37][38][39] He emphasized that Windows 10 would take steps towards restoring user interface mechanics from Windows 7 to improve the experience for users on non-touch devices, noting criticism of Windows 8's touch-oriented interface by keyboard and mouse users.[40][41] Despite these concessions, Myerson noted that the touch-optimized interface would evolve as well on 10.[42]

    In regards to Microsoft naming the new operating system Windows 10 instead of Windows 9, Terry Myerson said that "based on the product that's coming, and just how different our approach will be overall, it wouldn't be right to call it Windows 9."[43] He also joked that they could not call it "Windows One" (alluding to several recent Microsoft products with a similar brand, such as OneDrive, OneNote, and the Xbox One) because Windows 1.0 already existed.[44] At a San Francisco conference in October 2014, Tony Prophet, Microsoft's Vice President of Windows Marketing, said that Windows 9 "came and went", and that Windows 10 would not be "an incremental step from Windows 8.1," but "a material step. We're trying to create one platform, one eco-system that unites as many of the devices from the small embedded Internet of Things, through tablets, through phones, through PCs and, ultimately, into the Xbox."

    Further details surrounding Windows 10's consumer-oriented features were presented during another media event held on January 21, 2015, entitled "Windows 10: The Next Chapter". The keynote featured the unveiling of Cortana integration within the operating system, new Xbox-oriented features, Windows 10 Mobile, an updated Office Mobile suite, Surface Hub‍—‌a large-screened Windows 10 device for enterprise collaboration based upon Perceptive Pixel technology,[46] along with HoloLens‑augmented reality eyewear and an associated platform for building apps that can render holograms through HoloLens.[47]

    Additional developer-oriented details surrounding the "Universal Windows Platform" concept were revealed and discussed during Microsoft's Build developers' conference. Among them were the unveiling of "Islandwood", which provides a middlewaretoolchain for compiling Objective-C-based software (particularly iOS) to run as universal apps on Windows 10 and Windows 10 Mobile. A port of Candy Crush Saga made using the toolkit, which shared much of its code with the iOS version, was demonstrated, alongside the announcement that the King-developed game would be bundled with Windows 10 at launch.[48][49][50][51]

    At the 2015 Ignite conference, Microsoft employee Jerry Nixon stated that Windows 10 would be the "last version of Windows", a statement that Microsoft confirmed was "reflective" of its view of the operating system being a "service" with new versions and updates to be released over time.[52][53][54] In 2021, however, Microsoft announced that Windows 10 would be succeeded on compatible hardware by Windows 11–and that Windows 10 support will end on October 14, 2025.[55][56]

    Release and marketing[edit]

    On June 1, 2015, Microsoft announced that Windows 10 would be released on July 29.[17] On July 20, 2015 Microsoft began "Upgrade Your World", an advertising campaign centering on Windows 10, with the premiere of television commercials in Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The commercials focused on the tagline "A more human way to do", emphasizing new features and technologies supported by Windows 10 that sought to provide a more "personal" experience to users.[57][58] The campaign culminated with launch events in thirteen cities on July 29, 2015, which celebrated "the unprecedented role our biggest fans played in the development of Windows 10".[59]

    Features[edit]

    Main article: Features new to Windows 10

    See also: List of features removed in Windows 10

    Windows 10 makes its user experience and functionality more consistent between different classes of device and addresses most of the shortcomings in the user interface that were introduced in Windows 8.[40][41][60]Windows 10 Mobile, the successor to Windows Phone 8.1, shared some user interface elements and apps with its PC counterpart.[61]

    Windows 10 supports universal apps, an expansion of the Metro-style first introduced in Windows 8. Universal apps can be designed to run across multiple Microsoft product families with nearly identical code‍—‌including PCs, tablets, smartphones, embedded systems, Xbox One, Surface Hub and Mixed Reality. The Windows user interface was revised to handle transitions between a mouse-oriented interface and a touchscreen-optimized interface based on available input devices‍—‌particularly on 2-in-1 PCs, both interfaces include an updated Start menu which incorporates elements of Windows 7's traditional Start menu with the tiles of Windows 8. Windows 10 also introduced the Microsoft Edgeweb browser, a virtual desktop system, a window and desktop management feature called Task View, support for fingerprint and face recognition login, new security features for enterprise environments, and DirectX 12.

    The Windows Runtime app ecosystem was revised into the Universal Windows Platform (UWP).[32][62][63] These universal apps are made to run across multiple platforms and device classes, including smartphones, tablets, Xbox One consoles, and other devices compatible with Windows 10. Windows apps share code across platforms, have responsive designs that adapt to the needs of the device and available inputs, can synchronize data between Windows 10 devices (including notifications, credentials, and allowing cross-platform multiplayer for games), and are distributed through the Microsoft Store (rebranded from Windows Store since September 2017).[64] Developers can allow "cross-buys", where purchased licenses for an app apply to all of the user's compatible devices, rather than only the one they purchased on (e.g., a user purchasing an app on PC is also entitled to use the smartphone version at no extra cost).[33][65][66]

    The ARM version of Windows 10 allows running applications for x86 processors through 32-bit software emulation.[67]

    On Windows 10, Microsoft Store serves as a unified storefront for apps, video content, and eBooks.[68] Windows 10 also allows web apps and desktop software (using either Win32 or .NET Framework) to be packaged for distribution on Microsoft Store. Desktop software distributed through Windows Store is packaged using the App-V system to allow sandboxing.[69][70]

    User interface and desktop[edit]

    The "Task View" display is a new feature to Windows 10, allowing the use of multiple workspaces.

    A new iteration of the Start menu is used on the Windows 10 desktop, with a list of places and other options on the left side, and tiles representing applications on the right. The menu can be resized, and expanded into a full-screen display, which is the default option in Tablet mode.[40][60][71] A new virtual desktop system was added by a feature known as Task View, which displays all open windows and allows users to switch between them, or switch between multiple workspaces.[40][60] Universal apps, which previously could be used only in full screen mode, can now be used in self-contained windows similarly to other programs.[40][60] Program windows can now be snapped to quadrants of the screen by dragging them to the corner. When a window is snapped to one side of the screen, Task View appears and the user is prompted to choose a second window to fill the unused side of the screen (called "Snap Assist").[60] The Windows system icons were also changed.[71]

    Charms have been removed; their functionality in universal apps is accessed from an App commands menu on their title bar.[40][60] In its place is Action Center, which displays notifications and settings toggles. It is accessed by clicking an icon in the notification area, or dragging from the right of the screen. Notifications can be synced between multiple devices.[61][71] The Settings app (formerly PC Settings) was refreshed and now includes more options that were previously exclusive to the desktop Control Panel.

    Windows 10 is designed to adapt its user interface based on the type of device being used and available input methods. It offers two separate user interface modes: a user interface optimized for mouse and keyboard, and a "Tablet mode" designed for touchscreens. Users can toggle between these two modes at any time, and Windows can prompt or automatically switch when certain events occur, such as disabling Tablet mode on a tablet if a keyboard or mouse is plugged in, or when a 2-in-1 PC is switched to its laptop state. In Tablet mode, programs default to a maximized view, and the taskbar contains a back button and hides buttons for opened or pinned programs by default; Task View is used instead to switch between programs. The full screen Start menu is used in this mode, similarly to Windows 8, but scrolls vertically instead of horizontally.[41][74][75][76]

    System security[edit]

    Windows 10 incorporates multi-factor authentication technology based upon standards developed by the FIDO Alliance.[77] The operating system includes improved support for biometric authentication through the Windows Hello platform. Devices with supported cameras (requiring infrared illumination, such as Intel RealSense) allow users to log in with iris or face recognition, similarly to Kinect. Devices with supported readers allow users to log in through fingerprint recognition. Support was also added for palm-vein scanning through a partnership with Fujitsu in February 2018.[78] Credentials are stored locally and protected using asymmetric encryption.[79]

    In 2017, researchers demonstrated that Windows Hello could be bypassed on fully-updated Windows 10 1703 with a color printout of a person's picture taken with an IR camera.[80] In 2021, researchers were again able to bypass the Windows Hello functionalities by using custom hardware disguised as a camera, which presented an IR photo of the owner's face.[81]

    In addition to biometric authentication, Windows Hello supports authentication with a PIN. By default, Windows requires a PIN to consist of four digits, but can be configured to permit more complex PINs. However, a PIN is not a simpler password. While passwords are transmitted to domain controllers, PINs are not. They are tied to one device, and if compromised, only one device is affected. Backed by a Trusted Platform Module (TPM) chip, Windows uses PINs to create strong asymmetric key pairs. As such, the authentication token transmitted to the server is harder to crack. In addition, whereas weak passwords may be broken via rainbow tables, TPM causes the much-simpler Windows PINs to be resilient to brute-force attacks.[82]

    When Windows 10 was first introduced, multi-factor authentication was provided by two components: Windows Hello and Passport (not to be confused with the Passport platform of 1998). Later, Passport was merged into Windows Hello.[83][79]

    The enterprise edition of Windows 10 offers additional security features; administrators can set up policies for the automatic encryption of sensitive data, selectively block applications from accessing encrypted data, and enable Device Guard‍—‌a system which allows administrators to enforce a high-security environment by blocking the execution of software that is not digitally signed by a trusted vendor or Microsoft. Device Guard is designed to protect against zero-day exploits, and runs inside a hypervisor so that its operation remains separated from the operating system itself.[77][84]

    Command line[edit]

    The console windows based on Windows Console (for any console app, not just PowerShell and Windows Command Prompt) can now be resized without any restrictions, can be made to cover the full screen by pressing +, and can use standard keyboard shortcuts, such as those for cut, copy, and paste. Other features such as word wrap and transparency were also added. These functions can be disabled to revert to the legacy console if needed.[85]

    The Anniversary Update added Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL), which allows the installation of a user space environment from a supported Linuxdistribution that runs natively on Windows. The subsystem translates Linux system calls to those of the Windows NT kernel (only claims full system call compatibility as of WSL 2, included in a later Windows update). The environment can execute the Bash shell and 64-bit command-line programs (WSL 2 also supports 32-bit Linux programs and graphics, assuming supporting software installed,[86] and GPUs support for other uses[87]). Windows applications cannot be executed from the Linux environment, and vice versa. Linux distributions for Windows Subsystem for Linux are obtained through Microsoft Store. The feature initially supported an Ubuntu-based environment; Microsoft announced in May 2017 that it would add Fedora and OpenSUSE environment options as well.[88][89][90][91][92][93][94]

    Storage requirements[edit]

    To reduce the storage footprint of the operating system, Windows 10 automatically compresses system files. The system can reduce the storage footprint of Windows by approximately 1.5 GB for 32-bit systems and 2.6 GB for 64-bit systems. The level of compression used is dependent on a performance assessment performed during installations or by OEMs, which tests how much compression can be used without harming operating system performance. Furthermore, the Refresh and Reset functions use runtime system files instead, making a separate recovery partition redundant, allowing patches and updates to remain installed following the operation, and further reducing the amount of space required for Windows 10 by up to 12 GB. These functions replace the WIMBoot mode introduced on Windows 8.1 Update, which allowed OEMs to configure low-capacity devices with flash-based storage to use Windows system files out of the compressed WIM image typically used for installation and recovery.[95][96][97] Windows 10 also includes a function in its Settings app that allows users to view a breakdown of how their device's storage capacity is being used by different types of files, and determine whether certain types of files are saved to internal storage or an SD card by default.[98]

    Online services and functionality[edit]

    Windows 10 introduces Microsoft Edge, a new default web browser. It initially featured a new standards-compliant rendering engine derived from Trident, and also includes annotation tools and integration with other Microsoft platforms present within Windows 10.[99][100][101] Internet Explorer 11 is maintained on Windows 10 for compatibility purposes, but is deprecated in favor of Edge and will no longer be actively developed.[102][103] In January 2020, the initial version of Edge was succeeded by a new iteration derived from the Chromium project and the Blink layout engine and the old Edge based on EdgeHTML is now called 'Microsoft Edge Legacy'.[104] The legacy version of Edge is currently being replaced by the new Chromium-based Edge via Windows Update, though this version can also be downloaded manually. Every Windows 10 version from 20H2, which was released on October 20, 2020, will come with the new version of the browser preinstalled.[105] The Windows 10 October 2020 update added a price comparison tool to the Edge browser.[106]

    Windows 10 incorporates a universal search box located alongside the Start and Task View buttons, which can be hidden or condensed into a single button.[107][108] Previous versions featured Microsoft's intelligent personal assistant Cortana, which was first introduced with Windows Phone 8.1 in 2014, and supports both text and voice input. Many of its features are a direct carryover from Windows Phone, including integration with Bing, setting reminders, a Notebook feature for managing personal information, as well as searching for files, playing music, launching applications and setting reminders or sending emails.[109][110][71] Since the November 2019 update, Microsoft has begun to downplay Cortana as part of a repositioning of the product towards enterprise use, with the May 2020 update removing its Windows shell integration and consumer-oriented features.[111][112][107][113]

    Microsoft Family Safety is replaced by Microsoft Family, a parental controls system that applies across Windows platforms and Microsoft online services. Users can create a designated family, and monitor and restrict the actions of users designated as children, such as access to websites, enforcing age ratings on Microsoft Store purchases, and other restrictions. The service can also send weekly e-mail reports to parents detailing a child's computer usage. Unlike previous versions of Windows, child accounts in a family must be associated with a Microsoft account‍—‌which allows these settings to apply across all Windows 10 devices that a particular child is using.[114][115]

    Windows 10 also offers the Wi-Fi Sense feature originating from Windows Phone 8.1; users can optionally have their device automatically connect to suggested open hotspots, and share their home network's password with contacts (either via Skype, People, or Facebook) so they may automatically connect to the network on a Windows 10 device without needing to manually enter its password. Credentials are stored in an encrypted form on Microsoft servers and sent to the devices of the selected contacts. Passwords are not viewable by the guest user, and the guest user is not allowed to access other computers or devices on the network. Wi-Fi Sense is not usable on 802.1X-encrypted networks. Adding "_optout" at the end of the SSID will also block the corresponding network from being used for this feature.[116]

    Universal calling and messaging apps for Windows 10 are built in as of the November 2015 update: Messaging, Skype Video, and Phone. These offer built-in alternatives to the Skype download and sync with Windows 10 Mobile.[117][118]

    Multimedia and gaming[edit]

    See also: List of Xbox Live Games on Windows 10

    Windows 10 provides greater integration with the Xbox ecosystem. Xbox SmartGlass is succeeded by the Xbox Console Companion (formerly the Xbox app), which allows users to browse their game library (including both PC and Xbox console games), and Game DVR is also available using a keyboard shortcut, allowing users to save the last 30 seconds of gameplay as a video that can be shared to Xbox Live, OneDrive, or elsewhere.[119][120] Windows 10 also allows users to control and play games from an Xbox One console over a local network.[121] The Xbox Live SDK allows application developers to incorporate Xbox Live functionality into their apps, and future wireless Xbox One accessories, such as controllers, are supported on Windows with an adapter.[122] Microsoft also intends to allow cross-purchases and save synchronization between Xbox One and Windows 10 versions of games; Microsoft Studios games such as ReCore and Quantum Break are intended as being exclusive to Windows 10 and Xbox One.[123]

    Candy Crush Saga and Microsoft Solitaire Collection are also automatically installed upon installation of Windows 10.[124][125]

    Windows 10 adds native game recording and screenshot capture ability using the newly introduced Game Bar. Users can also have the OS continuously record gameplay in the background, which then allows the user to save the last few moments of gameplay to the storage device.[126]

    Windows 10 adds FLAC and HEVC codecs and support for the Matroska media container, allowing these formats to be opened in Windows Media Player and other applications.[127][128][129]

    DirectX 12[edit]

    Windows 10 includes DirectX 12, alongside WDDM 2.0.[130][131] Unveiled March 2014 at GDC, DirectX 12 aims to provide "console-level efficiency" with "closer to the metal" access to hardware resources, and reduced CPU and graphics driver overhead.[132][133] Most of the performance improvements are achieved through low-level programming, which allow developers to use resources more efficiently and reduce single-threaded CPU bottlenecking caused by abstraction through higher level APIs.[134][135] DirectX 12 will also feature support for vendor agnostic multi-GPU setups.[136] WDDM 2.0 introduces a new virtual memory management and allocation system to reduce workload on the kernel-mode driver.[130][137]

    Fonts[edit]

    Main article: List of typefaces included with Microsoft Windows

    Windows 10 adds three new default typefaces compared to Windows 8, but removes dozens of others. The removed typefaces are available in supplemental packs and may be added manually over a non-metered internet connection.

    Editions and pricing[edit]

    Main article: Windows 10 editions

    Windows 10 is available in five main editions for personal computing devices; the Home and Pro editions of which are sold at retail in most countries, and as pre-loaded software on new computers. Home is aimed at home users, while Pro is aimed at power users and small businesses. Each edition of Windows 10 includes all of the capabilities and features of the edition below it, and add additional features oriented towards their market segments; for example, Pro adds additional networking and security features such as BitLocker, Device Guard, Windows Update for Business, and the ability to join a domain. Enterprise and Education, the other editions, contain additional features aimed towards business environments, and are only available through volume licensing.[138][139]

    As part of Microsoft's unification strategies, Windows products that are based on Windows 10's common platform but meant for specialized platforms are marketed as editions of the operating system, rather than as separate product lines. An updated version of Microsoft's Windows Phone operating system for smartphones, and also tablets, was branded as Windows 10 Mobile.[140] Editions of Enterprise and Mobile will also be produced for embedded systems, along with Windows 10 IoT Core, which is designed specifically for use in small footprint, low-cost devices and Internet of Things (IoT) scenarios and is similar to Windows Embedded.[138][139]

    On May 2, 2017, Microsoft unveiled Windows 10 S (referred to in leaks as Windows 10 Cloud), a feature-limited edition of Windows 10 which was designed primarily for devices in the education market (competing, in particular, with Chrome OS netbooks), such as the Surface Laptop that Microsoft also unveiled at this time. The OS restricts software installation to applications obtained from Microsoft Store; the device may be upgraded to Windows 10 Pro for a fee to enable unrestricted software installation. As a time-limited promotion, Microsoft stated that this upgrade would be free on the Surface Laptop until March 31, 2018.[141] Windows 10 S also contains a faster initial setup and login process, and allows devices to be provisioned using a USB drive with the Windows Intune for Education platform.[142][143][144][145][146] In March 2018, Microsoft announced that Windows 10 S would be deprecated because of market confusion and would be replaced by "S Mode", an OEM option wherein Windows defaults to only allowing applications to be installed from Microsoft Store, but does not require payment in order to disable these restrictions.[147][148]

    Preview releases[edit]

    See also: Windows Insider

    A public beta program for Windows 10 known as the Windows Insider Program began with the first publicly available preview release on October 1, 2014. Insider preview builds are aimed towards enthusiasts and enterprise users for the testing and evaluation of updates and new features.[149] Users of the Windows Insider program receive occasional updates to newer preview builds of the operating system and will continue to be able to evaluate preview releases after general availability (GA) in July 2015‍—‌this is in contrast to previous Windows beta programs, where public preview builds were released less frequently and only during the months preceding GA.[40][42][150][151][152] Windows Insider builds continued being released after the release to manufacturing (RTM) of Windows 10.[153]

    Public release[edit]

    On July 29, 2015, Microsoft officially announced that Windows 10 would be released for retail purchase as a free upgrade from earlier versions of Windows. In comparison to previous Windows releases, which had a longer turnover between the release to manufacturing (RTM) and general release to allow for testing by vendors (and in some cases, the development of "upgrade kits" to prepare systems for installation of the new version), an HP executive explained that because it knew Microsoft targeted the operating system for a 2015 release, the company was able to optimize its then-current and upcoming products for Windows 10 in advance of its release, negating the need for such a milestone.[155][better source needed]

    The general availability build of Windows 10, numbered 10240, was first released to Windows Insider channels for pre-launch testing on July 15, 2015, prior to its formal release.[156] Although a Microsoft official said there would be no specific RTM build of Windows 10, 10240 was described as an RTM build by media outlets because it was released to all Windows Insider members at once (rather than to users on the "Fast ring" first), it no longer carried pre-release branding and desktop watermark text, and its build number had mathematical connections to the number 10 in reference to the operating system's naming.[158][159][160][161][162][163] The Enterprise edition was released to volume licensing on August 1, 2015.[164]

    Windows 10 is distributed digitally through the "Media Creation Tool", which is functionally identical to the Windows 8 online installer, and can also be used to generate an ISO image or USB install media.[165] In-place upgrades are supported from most editions of Windows 7 with Service Pack 1 and Windows 8.1 with Update 1, while users with Windows 8 must first upgrade to Windows 8.1. Changing between architectures (e.g., upgrading from 32-bit edition to a 64-bit editions) via in-place upgrades is not supported; a clean install is required.[166][167] In-place upgrades may be rolled back to the device's previous version of Windows, provided that 30 days have not passed since installation, and backup files were not removed using Disk Cleanup.

    Windows 10 was available in 190 countries and 111 languages upon its launch, and as part of efforts to "re-engage" with users in China, Microsoft also announced that it would partner with Qihoo and Tencent to help promote and distribute Windows 10 in China, and that Chinese PC maker Lenovo would provide assistance at its service centers and retail outlets for helping users upgrade to Windows 10.[168][169][170] At retail, Windows 10 is priced similarly to editions of Windows 8.1, with U.S. prices set at $119 and $199 for Windows 10 Home and Pro respectively. A Windows 10 Pro Pack license allows upgrades from Windows 10 Home to Windows 10 Pro.[171][172] Retail copies only ship on USB flash drive media; however, system builder copies still ship as DVD-ROM media.[173] New devices shipping with Windows 10 were also released during the operating system's launch window.[174]

    Windows RT devices cannot be upgraded to Windows 10.[167][175]

    Free upgrade offer[edit]

    Main article: Windows 10 editions § Free upgrade

    During its first year of availability,[176] upgrade licenses for Windows 10 could be obtained at no charge for devices with a genuine license for an eligible edition of Windows 7 or 8.1.[172][177][178]

    This offer did not apply to Enterprise editions, as customers under an active Software Assurance (SA) contract with upgrade rights are entitled to obtain Windows 10 Enterprise under their existing terms. All users running non-genuine copies of Windows, and those without an existing Windows 7 or 8 license, were ineligible for this promotion; although upgrades from a non-genuine version were possible, they result in a non-genuine copy of 10.[153][168][178][179][180]

    On the general availability build of Windows 10 (version 1507), to activate and generate the "digital entitlement" for Windows 10, the operating system must have first been installed as an in-place upgrade. During the free upgrade, a file is created in the background and the system's motherboard details are registered with a Microsoft Product Activation server. Once installed, the operating system can be reinstalled on that particular system via normal means without a product key, and the system's license will automatically be detected via online activation - in essence, the Microsoft Product Activation Server will remember the system's motherboard and give it the green light for product re-activation.[166][181][182] Because of installation issues with Upgrade Only installs, the November Update (version 1511) included additional activation mechanisms. This build treated Windows 7 and Windows 8/8.1 product keys as Windows 10 product keys, meaning they could be entered during installation to activate the free license, without the need to upgrade first to "activate" the hardware with Microsoft's activation servers.[183] For major Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs), Windows 8/8.1 and Windows 10 OEM product keys are embedded in the firmware of the motherboard and if the correct edition of Windows 10 is present on the installation media, they are automatically inputted during installation. Since the release of the Fall Creators Update (version 1709), Microsoft decided to release multi-edition installation media, to alleviate installation and product activation issues users experienced because of accidentally installing the wrong edition of Windows 10.

    The Windows Insider Preview version of Windows 10 automatically updated itself to the generally released version as part of the version progression and continues to be updated to new beta builds, as it had throughout the testing process. Microsoft explicitly stated that Windows Insider was not a valid upgrade path for those running a version of Windows that is ineligible for the upgrade offer; although, if it was not installed with a license carried over from an in-place upgrade to 10 Insider Preview from Windows 7 or 8, the Insider Preview does remain activated as long as the user does not exit the Windows Insider program.[153]

    The offer was promoted and delivered via the "Get Windows 10" application (also known as GWX), which was automatically installed via Windows Update ahead of Windows 10's release, and activated on systems deemed eligible for the upgrade offer. Via a notification area icon, users could access an application that advertised Windows 10 and the free upgrade offer, check device compatibility, and "reserve" an automatic download of the operating system upon its release.[184][185] On July 28, a pre-download process began in which Windows 10 installation files were downloaded to some computers that had reserved it. Microsoft said that those who reserved Windows 10 would be able to install it through GWX in a phased rollout process. The operating system could alternatively be downloaded at any time using a separate "Media Creation Tool" setup program, that allows for the creation of DVD or USB installation media.[165][174][186][187]

    In May 2016, Microsoft announced that the free upgrade offer would be extended to users of assistive technologies; however, Microsoft did not implement any means of certifying eligibility for this offer, which some outlets thereby promoted as being a loophole to fraudulently obtain a free Windows 10 upgrade. Microsoft said that the loophole is not intended to be used in this manner.[188][189][190] In November 2017, Microsoft announced that this program would end on December 31, 2017.[191]

    However, another loophole was found that allowed Windows 7 and 8.1 users upgrade to Windows 10 using existing licenses, even though the free upgrade offers officially ended in 2017. No word from Microsoft was given whether it will be closed[192] and some outlets have continued to promote it as a free method of upgrading from the now-unsupported Windows 7.[193]

    Licensing[edit]

    During upgrades, Windows 10 licenses are not tied directly to a product key. Instead, the license status of the system's current installation of Windows is migrated, and a "Digital license" ( known as "Digital entitlement" in version 1511 or earlier) is generated during the activation process, which is bound to the hardware information collected during the process. If Windows 10 is reinstalled cleanly and there have not been any significant hardware changes since installation (such as a motherboard change), the online activation process will automatically recognize the system's digital entitlement if no product key is entered during installations. However, unique product keys are still distributed within retail copies of Windows 10. As with previous non-volume-licensed variants of Windows, significant hardware changes will invalidate the digital entitlement, and require Windows to be re-activated.[166][181]

    Updates and support[edit]

    Main article: Windows 10 version history

    Unlike previous versions of Windows, Windows Update does not allow the selective installation of updates, and all updates (including patches, feature updates, and driver software) are downloaded and installed automatically. Users can only choose whether their system will reboot automatically to install updates when the system is inactive, or be notified to schedule a reboot.[194][195] If a wireless network is designated as "Metered"—a function which automatically reduces the operating system's background network activity to conserve limits on Internet usage—most updates are not downloaded until the device is connected to a non-metered network. Version 1703 allows wired (Ethernet) networks to be designated as metered, but Windows may still download certain updates while connected to a metered network.[196][197]

    In version 2004, by installing the August 2020 security update and later versions, driver and non-security updates pushed via Windows Update that are considered optional are no longer automatically downloaded and installed in their devices. Users can access them on Settings > Update & Security > Windows Update > View optional update.[198]

    Updates can cause compatibility or other problems; a Microsoft troubleshooter program allows bad updates to be uninstalled.[199][200]

    Under the Windows end-user license agreement, users consent to the automatic installation of all updates, features and drivers provided by the service, and implicitly consent "without any additional notice" to the possibility of features being modified or removed.[201][202][203] The agreement also states, specifically for users of Windows 10 in Canada, that they may pause updates by disconnecting their device from the Internet.[204]

    Windows Update can also use a peer to peer system for distributing updates; by default, users' bandwidth is used to distribute previously downloaded updates to other users, in combination with Microsoft servers. Users can instead choose to only use peer-to-peer updates within their local area network.[205]

    Support lifecycle[edit]

    Mainstream supportVaries by version[206][207]
    Extended supportOctober 14, 2025 (2025-10-14)[206][207]
    Home, Pro, Pro for Workstations, S, Education, Pro Education, Enterprise, IoT Enterprise, IoT Core, Team, Enterprise 2015 LTSB, and IoT Enterprise 2015 LTSB.[208]
    Windows 10 Mobile, Mobile Enterprise, and IoT MobileUnsupported as of January 14, 2020[209]
    Windows 10 Enterprise and IoT Enterprise 2016 LTSBMainstream support ended on October 12, 2021[207]
    Extended support until October 13, 2026[207]
    Windows 10 Enterprise, IoT Enterprise, and IoT Core 2019 LTSCMainstream support until January 9, 2024[207]
    Extended support until January 9, 2029[207]
    Windows 10 Enterprise 2021 LTSCMainstream support until January 12, 2027[207]
    Windows 10 IoT Enterprise and IoT Core 2021 LTSCMainstream support until January 12, 2027[207]
    Extended support until January 13, 2032[207]

    The original release of Windows 10 receives mainstream support for five years after its original release, followed by five years of extended support, but this is subject to conditions. Microsoft's support lifecycle policy for the operating system notes that "Updates are cumulative, with each update built upon all of the updates that preceded it", that "a device needs to install the latest update to remain supported", and that a device's ability to receive future updates will depend on hardware compatibility, driver availability, and whether the device is within the OEM's "support period"‍—‌a new aspect not accounted for in lifecycle policies for previous versions.[210][178][211][212] This policy was first invoked in 2017 to block Intel Clover Trail devices from receiving the Creators Update, as Microsoft asserts that future updates "require additional hardware support to provide the best possible experience", and that Intel no longer provided support or drivers for the platform. Microsoft stated that these devices would no longer receive feature updates, but would still receive security updates through January 2023.[213] Microsoft will continue to support at least one standard Windows 10 semi-annual channel release until October 14, 2025.[15][16]

    The following table collects current status of the aforementioned updating and support of different branches of Windows 10:

    Update branchMicrosoft internal channels
    (more detail here)
    Alpha software
    Windows Insider Preview Branch
    (WIPB)
    Beta software
    Semi-Annual Channel
    (formerly CB)
    "End user"
    Long-term Servicing channel
    (formerly LTSB)
    "Mission critical"
    EditionHome  
    Pro  
    Education  
    Enterprise Enterprise LTSC
    Critical updates
    Security patches and stability updates
    Continuous Continuous as made available
    (choice of Beta, Dev, or Release Preview channel)
    Automatic User can defer updates indefinitely
    Feature upgrades
    Non-critical functionality and feature updates
    Automatic or defer[218]Only through LTSC in-place upgrades
    Feature upgrades cadence Continuous Continuous as released Continuous, deferrable for 12 months at a time; once a deferral period is past, no further deferrals possible until latest updates are installed LTSC releases are stable 'snapshots' of SAC
    Upgrade support Continuous updating, features come and go silently with new builds Continuous updating or in-place upgrade to supported LTSC builds In-place upgrade support for the three most recent LTSC builds
    Update support Only the latest build is supported 10 years (or until future builds require hardware support the old device doesn't have or ~4 months after a missed cumulative update made into SAC.)[210]10 years (or ~6 months from deferring build upgrade or until future builds require hardware support the old device doesn't have.) 5 years (for 21H2 and newer, non IoT) or 5 years mainstream + 5 years extended (for 2019 and older, all IoT versions)
    Update methods Windows UpdateWindows Update
    Windows Update for Business
    Windows Server Update Services

    Feature updates[edit]

    Windows 10 is often described by Microsoft as being a "service", as it receives regular "feature updates" that contain new features and other updates and fixes.[178][219][220][221] In April 2017, Microsoft stated that these updates would be released twice a year every March and September in the future.[222] Mainstream builds of Windows 10, until and including 2004, were labeled "YYMM", with "YY" representing the two-digit year and "MM" representing the month of release. For example, version 1809 was released in September (the ninth month) of 2018. This was changed with the 20H2 release where "MM" represents the half of the year in which the update was released, for example H1 for the first half and H2 for the second half.[223]

    The pace at which feature updates are received by devices is dependent on which release channel is used. The default branch for all users of Windows 10 Home and Pro is "Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted)" (formerly "Current Branch", or "CB"),[221] which receives stable builds after they are publicly released by Microsoft. Each build of Windows 10 is supported for 18 months after its original release.[221] In enterprise environments, Microsoft officially intends that this branch is used for "targeted" deployments of newly-released stable versions so that they can be evaluated and tested on a limited number of devices before a wider deployment. Once a stable build is certified by Microsoft and its partners as being suitable for broad deployment, the build is then released on the "Semi-Annual Channel" (formerly "Current Branch for Business", or "CBB"), which is supported by the Pro and Enterprise editions of Windows 10.[221][195][224] Semi-Annual Channel receives stable builds on a four-month delay from their release on the Targeted channel,[221] Administrators can also use the "Windows Update for Business" system, as well as existing tools such as WSUS and System Center Configuration Manager, to organize structured deployments of feature updates across their networks.[221][195]

    The Windows Insider branches receive unstable builds as they are released; it is divided into two channels, "Dev" (which receives new builds immediately after their release), and "Beta" (whose releases are slightly delayed from their "Dev" release).[221]

    Enterprise licensees may use the Windows 10 Enterprise LTSC (formerly LTSB) edition, where "LTSC" stands for "long-term servicing channel", which only receive quality of life updates (i.e. security patches), and has a full, 5 or 10-year support lifecycle for each build.[221][224][217] This edition is designed for "special-purpose devices" that perform a fixed function (such as automated teller machines and medical equipment). For this reason, it excludes Cortana, Microsoft Store, and all bundled Universal Windows Platform apps (including but not limited to Microsoft Edge, hence these builds ship only with Internet Explorer as browser).[225][226][221][178][227][228] Microsoft director Stella Chernyak explained that "we have businesses [that] may have mission-critical environments where we respect the fact they want to test and stabilize the environment for a long time."[229] Four LTSC builds have been released, correlating with the 1507, 1607, 1809, and 21H2 versions of Windows 10, respectively.[230][231][232]

    In July 2017, Microsoft announced changes in the terminology for Windows branches as part of its effort to unify the update cadence with that of Office 365 ProPlus and Windows Server 2016.[233][221] The branch system now defines two paces of upgrade deployment in enterprise environments, "targeted" initial deployment of a new version on selected systems immediately after its stable release for final testing, and "broad" deployment afterwards. Hence, "Current Branch" is now known as "Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted)", and "Current Branch for Business" for broad deployment is now referred to as "Semi-Annual Channel".[234][221]

    In February 2019, Microsoft announced changes again in delivering updates in beginning of release of version 1903: a single SAC will be released and SAC-T will be retired, and users are no longer able to switch to different channels. Instead, these updates can be deferred from 30 to 90 days, or depending how the device was configured to deferred the updates.[235] In April 2019, it was announced that, in addition, feature updates will no longer be automatically pushed to users.[236] However after the release of version 2004, the update only pushed for those running a feature update version that is nearing end of service or it can be paused for up to 35 days.[237][238]

    Feature updates prior to version 1909 are distributed solely as an in-place upgrade installation, requiring the download of a complete operating system package (approximately 3.5 GB in size for 64-bit systems). Unlike previous builds, version 1909 is designed primarily as an update rollup version of 1903, focusing primarily on minor feature additions and enhancements. For upgrades to 1909 from 1903, a new delivery method is used where its changes were delivered as part of the monthly cumulative update, but are left in a dormant state until the 1909 update "enablement" patch is installed. The full upgrade process is still used for those using builds prior to 1903.[239][240]

    Features in development[edit]

    In May 2017, Microsoft unveiled Fluent Design System (previously codenamed "Project Neon"), a revamp of Microsoft Design Language 2 that will include guidelines for the designs and interactions used within software designed for all Windows 10 devices and platforms. The new design language will include the more prominent use of motion, depth, and translucency effects. Microsoft stated that the implementation of this design language would be performed over time, and it had already started to implement elements of it in Creators Update and Fall Creators Update.[241]

    On December 7, 2016, Microsoft announced that, as part of a partnership with Qualcomm, it planned to introduce support for running Win32 software on ARM architecture with a 32-bit x86 processor emulator, in 2017. Terry Myerson stated that this move would enable the production of Qualcomm Snapdragon-based Windows devices with cellular connectivity and improved power efficiency over Intel-compatible devices, and still capable of running the majority of existing Windows software (unlike the previous Windows RT, which was restricted to Windows Store apps). Microsoft is initially targeting this project towards laptops.[67] Microsoft launched the branding Always Connected PCs in December 2017 to market Windows 10 devices with cellular connectivity, which included two ARM-based 2-in-1 laptops from Asus and HP featuring the Snapdragon 835 system-on-chip, and the announcement of a partnership between AMD and Qualcomm to integrate its Snapdragon X16 gigabit LTE modem with AMD's Ryzen Mobile platform.[242][243]

    In August 2019, Microsoft began testing changes to its handling of the user interface on convertible devices—downplaying the existing "Tablet Mode" option in favor of presenting the normal desktop with optimizations for touch when a keyboard is not present, such as increasing the space between taskbar buttons and displaying the virtual keyboard when text fields are selected.[244]

    In April 2021, the ability to run Linux applications using a graphical user interface, such as Audacity, directly in Windows, was introduced as a preview.[245] This feature would later be included as part of the updated Windows Subsystem for Linux 2 for Windows 11 only.

    System requirements[edit]

    The basic hardware requirements to install Windows 10 were initially the same as those for Windows 8.1 and Windows 8, and only slightly higher than for Windows 7 and Windows Vista. As of the May 2019 update, the minimum disk space requirement has been increased to 32 GB. In addition, on new installations, Windows permanently reserves up to 7 GB of disk space in order to ensure proper installation of future feature updates.[247][248]

    The 64-bit variants require a CPU that supports certain instructions.[249] Devices with low storage capacity must provide a USB flash drive or SD card with sufficient storage for temporary files during upgrades.[250]

    Some pre-built devices may be described as "certified" by Microsoft. Certified tablets must include , , and keys; and keys are no longer required.[251]

    As with Windows 8, all certified devices must ship with UEFI Secure Boot enabled by default. Unlike Windows 8, OEMs are no longer required to make Secure Boot settings user-configurable, meaning that devices may optionally be locked to run only Microsoft-signed operating systems.[252] A supported infrared-illuminated camera is required for Windows Hello face authentication, and a supported fingerprint reader is required for Windows Hello fingerprint authentication.[177] Device Guard requires a UEFI system with no third-party certificates loaded, and CPU virtualization extensions (including SLAT and IOMMU) enabled in firmware.

    Beginning with Intel Kaby Lake and AMD Bristol Ridge, Windows 10 is the only version of Windows that Microsoft will officially support on newer CPU microarchitectures.[253][254] Terry Myerson stated that Microsoft did not want to make further investments in optimizing older versions of Windows and associated software for newer generations of processors.[255][256] These policies were criticized by the media, who especially noted that Microsoft was refusing to support newer hardware (particularly Intel's Skylake CPUs, which was also originally targeted by the new policy with a premature end of support that was ultimately retracted)[257][258] on Windows 8.1, a version of Windows that was still in mainstream support until January 2018.[259][260] In addition, an enthusiast-created modification was released that disabled the check and allowed Windows 8.1 and earlier to continue to work on the platform.[261]

    Windows 10 version 1703 and later do not support Intel Clover Trail system-on-chips, per Microsoft's stated policy of only providing updates for devices during their OEM support period.[213][262]

    Starting with Windows 10 version 2004, Microsoft will require new OEM devices to use 64-bit processors, and will therefore cease the distribution of x86 (32-bit) variants of Windows 10 via OEM channels. The 32-bit variants of Windows 10 will remain available via non-OEM channels, and Microsoft will continue to "[provide] feature and security updates on these devices".[263] This would later be followed by Windows 11 dropping 32-bit hardware support altogether, and thus making Windows 10 the final version of Windows to have a 32-bit version.[264]

    Reception[edit]

    Main article: Criticism of Windows 10

    Critics characterized the initial release of Windows 10 as being rushed, citing the incomplete state of some of the operating system's bundled software, such as the Edge web browser, as well as the stability of the operating system itself on launch.[265][266][267] However, TechRadar felt that it could be "the new Windows 7", citing the operating system's more familiar user interface, improvements to bundled apps, performance improvements, a "rock solid" search system, and the Settings app being more full-featured than its equivalents on 8 and 8.1. The Edge browser was praised for its performance, although it was not in a feature-complete state at launch. While considering them a "great idea in principle", concerns were shown for Microsoft's focus on the universal app ecosystem:

    It's by no means certain that developers are going to flock to Windows 10 from iOS and Android simply because they can convert their apps easily. It may well become a no-brainer for them, but at the moment a conscious decision is still required.[266]

    Engadget was similarly positive, noting that the upgrade process was painless and that Windows 10's user interface had balanced aspects of Windows 8 with those of previous versions with a more mature aesthetic. Cortana's always-on voice detection was considered to be its "true strength", also citing its query capabilities and personalization features, but noting that it was not as pre-emptive as Google Now. Windows 10's stock applications were praised for being improved over their Windows 8 counterparts, and for supporting windowed modes. The Xbox app was also praised for its Xbox One streaming functionality, although recommending its use over a wired network because of inconsistent quality over Wi-Fi. In conclusion, it was argued that "Windows 10 delivers the most refined desktop experience ever from Microsoft, and yet it's so much more than that. It's also a decent tablet OS, and it's ready for a world filled with hybrid devices. And, barring another baffling screwup, it looks like a significant step forward for mobile. Heck, it makes the Xbox One a more useful machine."[268]

    Ars Technica panned the new Tablet mode interface for removing the charms and app switching, making the Start button harder to use by requiring users to reach for the button on the bottom-left rather than at the center of the screen when swiping with a thumb, and for making application switching less instantaneous through the use of Task View. Microsoft Edge was praised for being "tremendously promising", and "a much better browser than Internet Explorer ever was", but criticized it for its lack of functionality on-launch. In conclusion, contrasting Windows 8 as being a "reliable" platform albeit consisting of unfinished concepts, Windows 10 was considered "the best Windows yet", and was praised for having a better overall concept in its ability to be "comfortable and effective" across a wide array of form factors, but that it was buggier than previous versions of Windows were on-launch.[265]ExtremeTech felt that Windows 10 restricted the choices of users, citing its more opaque setting menus, forcing users to give up bandwidth for the peer-to-peer distribution of updates, and for taking away user control of specific functions, such as updates, explaining that "it feels, once again, as if Microsoft has taken the seed of a good idea, like providing users with security updates automatically, and shoved the throttle to maximum."[269] Windows 10 has also received criticism because of deleting files without user permission after auto updates.[270]

    Critics have noted that Windows 10 heavily emphasizes freemium services, and contains various advertising facilities. Some outlets have considered these to be a hidden "cost" of the free upgrade offer.[271][272][273] Examples of these have included microtransactions in bundled games such as Microsoft Solitaire Collection,[274][271][275][276] default settings that display promotions of "suggested" apps in the Start menu, "tips" on the lock screen that may contain advertising,[272][273] ads displayed in File Explorer for Office 365 subscriptions on Creators' Update,[273] and various advertising notifications displayed by default which promote Microsoft Edge when it is not set as the default web browser (including, in a September 2018 build, nag pop-ups displayed to interrupt the installation process of competitors).[277][278]

    Market share and sales[edit]

    See also: Usage share of operating systems § Crossover to smartphones having majority share

    Windows PC market share (of Windows) statistics
    Windows 10

    81.43%
    Windows 7

    13.57%
    Windows 8.1

    3.17%
    Windows 8

    1.07%
    Windows XP

    0.53%
    Windows Vista

    0.21%
    Other

    0.02%
    "Desktop Windows Version Market Share Worldwide" according to StatCounter for October 2021.[279] Note, StatCounter tracks Windows vs. macOS, Linux etc. separately, and this statistic is only thereof Windows share.

    Up to August 2016, Windows 10 usage was increasing, with it then plateauing,[280] while eventually in 2018, it became more popular than Windows 7[281][282] (though Windows 7 was still more used in some countries in Asia and Africa in 2019). As of March 2020[update], the operating system is running on over a billion devices, reaching the goal set by Microsoft two years after the initial deadline.[21]

    Twenty-four hours after it was released, Microsoft announced that over 14 million devices were running Windows 10.[283] On August 26, Microsoft said over 75 million devices were running Windows 10, in 192 countries, and on over 90,000 unique PC or tablet models.[284] According to Terry Myerson, there were over 110 million devices running Windows 10 as of October 6, 2015.[285] On January 4, 2016, Microsoft reported that Windows 10 had been activated on over 200 million devices since the operating system's launch in July 2015.[286][287]

    According to StatCounter, Windows 10 overtook Windows 8.1 in December 2015.[288][289]Iceland was the first country where Windows 10 was ranked first (not only on the desktop, but across all platforms),[290] with several larger European countries following. For one week in late November 2016, Windows 10 overtook first rank from Windows 7 in the United States, before losing it again.[291] By February 2017, Windows 10 was losing market share to Windows 7.[292]

    In mid-January 2018, Windows 10 had a slightly higher global market share than Windows 7,[281] with it noticeably more popular on weekends,[293] while popularity varies widely by region, e.g. Windows 10 was then still behind in Africa[294] and far ahead in some other regions e.g. Oceania.[295]

    Update system changes[edit]

    Windows 10 Home is permanently set to download all updates automatically, including cumulative updates, security patches, and drivers, and users cannot individually select updates to install or not.[296] Microsoft offers a diagnostic tool that can be used to hide updates and prevent them from being reinstalled, but only after they had been already installed, then uninstalled without rebooting the system.[297][298] Tom Warren of The Verge felt that, given web browsers such as Google Chrome had already adopted such an automatic update system, such a requirement would help to keep all Windows 10 devices secure, and felt that "if you're used to family members calling you for technical support because they've failed to upgrade to the latest Windows service pack or some malware disabled Windows Update then those days will hopefully be over."[299]

    Concerns were raised that because of these changes, users would be unable to skip the automatic installation of updates that are faulty or cause issues with certain system configurations—although build upgrades will also be subject to public beta testing via Windows Insider program.[297][299] There were also concerns that the forced installation of driver updates through Windows Update, where they were previously designated as "optional", could cause conflicts with drivers that were installed independently of Windows Update. An example of such a situation occurred prior to the general release of the operating system, when an Nvidiagraphics card driver that was automatically pushed to Windows 10 users via Windows Update caused issues that prevented the use of certain functions, or prevented their system from booting at all.[297]

    Criticism was also directed towards Microsoft's decision to no longer provide specific details on the contents of cumulative updates for Windows 10.[300] On February 9, 2016, Microsoft retracted this decision and began to provide release notes for cumulative updates on the Windows website.[301]

    Some users reported that during the installation of the November upgrade, some applications (particularly utility programs such as CPU-Z and Speccy) were automatically uninstalled during the upgrade process, and some default programs were reset to Microsoft-specified defaults (such as Photos app, and Microsoft Edge for PDF viewing), both without warning.[302][303]

    Further issues were discovered upon the launch of the Anniversary Update ("Redstone"), including a bug that caused some devices to freeze (but addressed by cumulative update KB3176938, released on August 31, 2016),[304][305] and that fundamental changes to how Windows handles webcams had caused many to stop working.[306]

    In June 2017, a Redstone 3 Insider build (RS_EDGE_CASE in PC and rs_IoT on Mobile) was accidentally released to both Insider and non-Insider users on all Windows 10 devices, but the update was retracted, with Microsoft apologizing and releasing a note on their Windows Insider Program blog describing how to prevent the build from being installed on their device.[307] According to Dona Sarkar, this was due to "an inadvertent deployment to the engineering system that controls which builds/which rings to push out to insiders."[308]

    A Gartner analyst felt that Windows 10 Pro was becoming increasingly inappropriate for use in enterprise environments because of support policy changes by Microsoft, including consumer-oriented upgrade lifecycle length, and only offering extended support for individual builds to Enterprise and Education editions of Windows 10.[309]

    Critics have acknowledged that Microsoft's update and testing practices had been affecting the overall quality of Windows 10. In particular, it was pointed out that Microsoft's internal testing departments had been prominently affected by a major round of layoffs undertaken by the company in 2014. Microsoft relies primarily on user testing and bug reports via the Windows Insider program (which may not always be of sufficient quality to identify a bug), as well as correspondence with OEMs and other stakeholders. In the wake of the known folder redirection data loss bug in the version 1809, it was pointed out that bug reports describing the issue had been present on the Feedback Hub app for several months prior to the public release. Following the incident, Microsoft updated Feedback Hub so that users may specify the severity of a particular bug report. When announcing the resumption of 1809's rollout, Microsoft stated that it planned to be more transparent in its handling of update quality in the future, through a series of blog posts that will detail its testing process and the planned development of a "dashboard" that will indicate the rollout progress of future updates.[310][311][312][313][314]

    Distribution practices[edit]

    Microsoft was criticized for the tactics that it used to promote its free upgrade campaign for Windows 10, including adware-like behaviors,[315] using deceptive user interfaces to coax users into installing the operating system,[316]

    Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

    Windows 11

    Personal computer operating system by Microsoft released in 2021

    Windows 11 logo.svg
    Windows 11 Desktop.png

    Screenshot of Windows 11, showing the new Start menu and centered taskbar[1]

    DeveloperMicrosoft
    Written in
    OS familyMicrosoft Windows
    Source model
    Released to
    manufacturing
    October 5, 2021; 45 days ago (2021-10-05)
    General
    availability
    October 5, 2021; 45 days ago (2021-10-05)[6]
    Latest release21H2 (10.0.22000.318) (November 9, 2021; 10 days ago (2021-11-09)[7]) [±]
    Latest preview10.0.22504.1010 (November 19, 2021; 0 days ago (2021-11-19)[8]) [±]
    Marketing targetPersonal computing, tablets
    Available in110 languages[9][10]

    List of languages

    Update method
    Platformsx86-64, ARM64
    Kernel typeHybrid (Windows NT kernel)
    UserlandNative API
    Windows API
    .NET Framework
    Universal Windows Platform
    Windows Subsystem for Linux
    Default
    user interface
    Windows shell (graphical)
    Preceded byWindows 10 (2015)
    Official websitewww.microsoft.com/windows/windows-11Edit this at Wikidata
    See § Versions for details.

    Windows 11 is a major release of the Windows NToperating system developed by Microsoft that was announced on June 24, 2021, and is the successor to Windows 10, which was released in 2015. Windows 11 was released to the public on October 5, 2021, as a free upgrade via Windows Update and Windows 11 Installation Assistant on eligible devices running Windows 10.

    Windows 11 features major changes to the Windows shell influenced by the canceled Windows 10X, including a redesigned Start menu, the replacement of its "live tiles" with a separate "Widgets" panel on the taskbar, the ability to create tiled sets of windows that can be minimized and restored from the taskbar as a group, and new gaming technologies inherited from Xbox Series X and Series S such as Auto HDR and DirectStorage on compatible hardware. Internet Explorer (IE) has been replaced by the Chromium-based Microsoft Edge as the default web browser (for compatibility[11][12] with Google Chrome web browser[13]), and Microsoft Teams is integrated into the Windows shell. Microsoft also announced plans to allow more flexibility in software that can be distributed via Microsoft Store, and to support Androidapps on Windows 11 (including a partnership with Amazon to make its app store available for the function.

    Citing security considerations, the system requirements for Windows 11 were increased over Windows 10. Microsoft only officially supports the operating system on devices using an eighth-generationIntel Core CPU or newer (with some exceptions), AMD Ryzen CPU based on Zen+ microarchitecture or newer, or a Qualcomm Snapdragon 850ARMsystem-on-chip or newer, with UEFI secure boot and Trusted Platform Module (TPM) 2.0 supported and enabled (although Microsoft may provide exceptions to the TPM 2.0 requirement for OEMs). While the OS can be installed on unsupported processors, Microsoft does not guarantee the availability of updates. Windows 11 also drops support for 32-bitx86 CPUs and devices which use BIOS firmware.

    Windows 11 has received a mixed to positive reception; pre-release coverage of the operating system focused on its stricter hardware requirements, with discussions over whether they were legitimately intended to improve the security of Windows or a ploy to upsell users to newer devices, and over e-waste associated with the changes. Upon its release, Windows 11 received positive reviews for its improved visual design, window management, and stronger focus on security, but was panned for regressions and modifications to aspects of its user interface.

    Development

    At the 2015 Ignite conference, Microsoft employee Jerry Nixon stated that Windows 10 would be the "last version of Windows", a statement that Microsoft confirmed was "reflective" of its view.[14][15] The operating system was considered to be a service, with new builds and updates to be released over time.[16]

    In October 2019, Microsoft announced "Windows 10X", a future edition of Windows 10 designed exclusively for dual-touchscreen devices such as the then-upcoming Surface Neo. It featured a modified user interface designed around context-sensitive "postures" for different screen configurations and usage scenarios, and changes such as a centered taskbar and updated Start menu without Windows 10's "live tiles". Legacy Windows applications would also be required to run in "containers" to ensure performance and power optimization. Microsoft stated that it planned to release Windows 10X devices by the end of 2020.[17][18][19]

    In May 2020, amid the COVID-19 pandemic, chief product officer for Microsoft Windows and OfficePanos Panay stated that "as we continue to put customers' needs at the forefront, we need to focus on meeting customers where they are now", and therefore announced that Windows 10X would only launch on single-screen devices at first, and that Microsoft would "continue to look for the right moment, in conjunction with our OEM partners, to bring dual-screen devices to market".[20][21]

    In January 2021, it was reported that a job listing referring to a "sweeping visual rejuvenation of Windows" had been posted by Microsoft.[22] A visual refresh for Windows, developed under the codename "Sun Valley", was reportedly set to re-design the system's user interface.[23] Microsoft began to implement and announce some of these visual changes and other new features on Windows 10 Insider Preview builds, such as new system icons (which also included the replacement of shell resources dating back as far as Windows 95),[24] improvements to Task View to allow changing the wallpaper on each virtual desktop, emulation of x64 applications on ARM, and adding the Auto HDR feature from Xbox Series X.[25][26]

    On May 18, 2021, Head of Windows Servicing and Delivery John Cable stated that Windows 10X had been canceled, and that Microsoft would be "accelerating the integration of key foundational 10X technology into other parts of Windows and products at the company".[27]

    Announcement

    At the Microsoft Build 2021 developer conference, CEO and chairman Satya Nadella teased about the existence of the next generation of Windows during his keynote speech. According to Nadella, he had been self-hosting it for several months. He also teased that an official announcement would come very soon.[28] Just a week after Nadella's keynote, Microsoft started sending invitations for a dedicated Windows media event at 11 am ET on June 24, 2021.[29][30] Microsoft also posted an 11-minute video of Windows start-up sounds to YouTube on June 10, 2021, with many people speculating both the time of the Microsoft event and the duration of the Windows start-up sound video to be a reference to the name of the operating system as Windows 11.[31][32]

    On June 24, 2021, Windows 11 was officially announced at a virtual event hosted by Chief Product OfficerPanos Panay.[33][34][35] According to Nadella, Windows 11 is "a re-imagining of the operating system".[36] Further details for developers such as updates to the Microsoft Store, the new Windows App SDK (code-named "Project Reunion"), new Fluent Design guidelines, and more were discussed during another developer-focused event on the same day.[37][38][39]

    Release

    The Windows 11 name was accidentally released in an official Microsoft support document in June 2021.[40][41] Leaked images of a purported beta build of Windows 11's desktop surfaced online later on June 15, 2021,[42][43] which were followed by a leak of the aforementioned build on the same day.[44] The screenshots and leaked build show an interface resembling that of the canceled Windows 10X, alongside a redesigned out-of-box experience (OOBE) and Windows 11 branding.[45] Microsoft would later confirm the authenticity of the leaked beta, with Panay stating that it was an "early weird build".[46][47]

    At the June 24 media event, Microsoft also announced that Windows 11 would be released in "Holiday 2021", with an exact date not given.[48][49] Its release will be accompanied by a free upgrade for compatible Windows 10 devices through Windows Update.[50] On June 28, Microsoft announced the release of the first preview build and SDK of Windows 11 to Windows Insiders.[51]

    On August 31, 2021, Microsoft announced that Windows 11 was to be released on October 5, 2021.[52] The release would be phased, with newer eligible devices to be offered the upgrade first.[6] Since its predecessor Windows 10 was released on July 29, 2015, more than six years earlier, this is the longest time span between successive releases of Microsoft Windows operating systems, beating the time between Windows XP (released on October 25, 2001) and Windows Vista (released on January 30, 2007).[53]

    Microsoft officially released Windows 11 on October 4, 2021, at 2:00 p.m. PT, which was October 5 in parts of the world.[54] It can be obtained as an in-place upgrade via either the Windows 11 Installation Assistant application (the successor to the Media Creation Tool from Windows 10, which can also generate an ISO image or USB install media), or via Windows Update on eligible devices.[55]

    Updates through Windows Update are a phased rollout, and are distributed on an opt-in basis: Microsoft stated that they "expect all eligible Windows 10 devices to be offered the upgrade to Windows 11 by mid-2022."[56][57] Eligible devices also may present an option to download Windows 11 during the Windows 10 out-of-box experience (OOBE) on a new installation.[58]

    Features

    Main article: Features new to Windows 11

    See also: List of features removed in Windows 11

    Windows 11, the first major Windows release since 2015, builds upon its predecessor by revamping the user interface to follow Microsoft's new Fluent Design guidelines. The redesign, which focuses on ease of use and flexibility,[50] comes alongside new productivity and social features and updates to security and accessibility, addressing some of the deficiencies of Windows 10.[59]

    The Microsoft Store, which serves as a unified storefront for apps and other content, is also redesigned in Windows 11. Microsoft now allows developers to distribute Win32, progressive web applications, and other packaging technologies in the Microsoft Store, alongside Universal Windows Platform apps.[60] Microsoft also announced plans to allow third-party application stores (such as Epic Games Store) to distribute their clients on Microsoft Store.[61] Windows 11 supports x86-64 software emulation on ARM-based platforms.[62]

    The collaboration platform Microsoft Teams is integrated into the Windows 11 user interface, and is accessible via the taskbar. Skype will no longer be bundled with the OS by default.[63][64][65]

    Microsoft claims performance improvements such as smaller update sizes, faster web browsing in "any browser", faster wake time from sleep mode, and faster Windows Hello authentication.[63][66]

    Windows 11 ships with the Chromium-based Microsoft Edgeweb browser, and does not include or support Internet Explorer.[67] Its rendering engine Trident is still included with the operating system for backwards compatibility reasons, and Edge can be configured with Group Policy to render whitelisted websites in "IE Mode" (which still uses IE's rendering engine Trident, instead of Blink layout engine).[68] Windows 11 is the first version of Windows since the original retail release of Windows 95 to not ship with (the full version of) Internet Explorer.[69]

    The updated Xbox app,[70][71] along with the Auto HDR and DirectStorage technologies introduced by the Xbox Series X and Series S, will be integrated into Windows 11; the latter requiring a graphics card supporting DirectX 12 and an NVMesolid-state drive.[71][72]

    User interface

    A redesigned interface is present throughout the operating system, building upon Fluent Design System; translucency, shadows, a new color palette, and rounded geometry are prevalent throughout the UI. A prevalent aspect of the design is an appearance known as "Mica", described as an "opaque, dynamic material that incorporates theme and desktop wallpaper to paint the background of long-lived windows such as apps and settings".[73][74] Much of the interface and start menu take heavy inspiration from the now-canceled Windows 10X. The Segoe UIfont used since Windows Vista has been updated to a variable version, improving its ability to scale between display resolutions.[76]

    The taskbar's buttons are center-aligned by default, and it is permanently pinned to the bottom edge of the screen; it cannot be moved to the top, left, or right edges of the screen as in previous versions of Windows.[77] The notifications sidebar is now accessed by clicking the date and time, with other Quick Actions toggles, as well as volume, brightness, and media playback controls, moved to a new settings pop-up displayed by clicking on the system tray. The "Widgets" button on the taskbar displays a panel with Microsoft Start,[78] a news aggregator with personalized stories and content (expanding upon the "news and interests" panel introduced in later builds of Windows 10).[66][73]Microsoft Teams is similarly integrated with the taskbar, with a pop-up showing a list of recent conversations.[65]

    The Start menu has been significantly redesigned, replacing the "live tiles" used by Windows 8.x and 10 with a grid of "pinned" applications, and a list of recent applications and documents.[63][66]File Explorer was updated to replace its ribbon toolbar with a more traditional toolbar, while its context menus have been redesigned to move common tasks (such as copy and paste) to a toolbar along the top of the menu, and hide advanced operations under an overflow menu.[73]

    Task View, a feature introduced in Windows 10, features a refreshed design, and supports giving separate wallpapers to each virtual desktop. The window snapping functionality has been enhanced with two additional features; hovering over a window's maximize button displays pre-determined "Snap Layouts" for tiling multiple windows onto a display, and tiled arrangement of windows can be minimized and restored from the taskbar as a "snap group".[66][79] When a display is disconnected in a multi-monitor configuration, the windows that were previously on that display will be minimized rather than automatically moved to the main display. If the same display is reconnected, the windows are restored to their prior location.[80]

    Windows Subsystem for Android

    Further information: Project Astoria and Windows Subsystem for Linux

    On October 21, 2021, Windows Subsystem for Android (WSA) became available to Beta channel builds of Windows 11 for users in the United States,[81] which allows users to install and run Android apps. Users can install Android apps through any source using the Android application package (APK) file format.[82] An Amazon Appstore client for Microsoft Store will also be available.[83][84][85][86]

    WSA is based on the Intel Bridge runtime compiler; Intel stated that the technology is not dependent on its own CPUs, and will also be supported on x86-64 and ARM CPUs from other vendors.[86]

    System security

    As part of the minimum system requirements, Windows 11 only runs on devices with a Trusted Platform Module 2.0 security coprocessor.[87][88] According to Microsoft, the TPM 2.0 coprocessor is a "critical building block" for protection against firmware and hardware attacks. In addition, Microsoft now requires devices with Windows 11 to include virtualization-based security (VBS), hypervisor-protected code integrity (HVCI), and Secure Boot built-in and enabled by default.[89] The operating system also features hardware-enforced stack protection for supported Intel and AMD processors for protection against zero-day exploits.

    Like its predecessor, Windows 11 also supports multi-factor authentication and biometric authentication through Windows Hello.[89]

    Versions

    Main article: Windows 11 version history

    Windows 11 is available in two main editions; the Home edition is intended for consumer users, while the Pro edition contains additional networking and security features (such as BitLocker), as well as the ability to join a domain.[90] Windows 11 Home may be restricted by default to verified software obtained from Microsoft Store ("S Mode").[91] Windows 11 Home requires an internet connection and Microsoft account in order to complete first-time setup.[92]

    Windows 11 SE was announced on November 9, 2021, as an edition exclusively for low-end devices sold in the education market, and a successor to Windows 10 S. It is designed to be managed via Microsoft Intune, and has changes based on feedback from educators to simplify the user interface and reduce "distractions", such as Snap Layouts not containing layouts for more than two applications at once, all applications opening maximized by default, Widgets being removed, and Microsoft Edge being configured by default to allow extensions from Chrome Web Store (primarily to target those migrating from Chrome OS). It is bundled with applications such as Microsoft Office for Microsoft 365, Minecraft Education Edition, and Flipgrid, while OneDrive is used to save files by default. Windows 11 SE does not include Microsoft Store; third-party software is provisioned or installed by administrators.[93][94]

    The Windows Insider program carries over from Windows 10, with pre-release builds divided into "Dev" (unstable builds used to test features for future feature updates), "Beta" (test builds for the next feature update; relatively stable in comparison to Dev channel), and "Release Preview" (pre-release builds for final testing of upcoming feature updates) channels.[95]

    System requirements

    The basic system requirements of Windows 11 differ significantly from Windows 10. Windows 11 only supports 64-bit systems such as those using an x86-64 or ARM64 processor; IA-32 processors are no longer supported.[88] Thus, Windows 11 is the first consumer version of Windows not to support 32-bit processors and 16-bit software (though Windows Server 2008 R2 was the first version of Windows NT to not support them).[99][100] The minimum RAM and storage requirements were also increased; Windows 11 now requires at least 4GB of RAM and 64GB of storage. S mode is only supported for the Home edition of Windows 11.[101] As of August 2021, the officially supported list of processors includes Intel Core 8th generation and later, AMD Zen+ and later (which include the "AF" revisions of Ryzen 1000 CPUs, which are underclocked versions of Zen+-based Ryzen 2000 parts that supplant Ryzen 1000 parts that could no longer be manufactured due to a change in process),[102] and Qualcomm Snapdragon 850 and later.[103] The compatibility list includes the Intel Core i7-7820HQ, a seventh-generation processor used by the Surface Studio 2,[104] although only on devices that shipped with DCH-based drivers.[105]

    Legacy BIOS is no longer supported; a UEFI system with Secure Boot and a Trusted Platform Module (TPM) 2.0 security coprocessor is now required.[77][106][107][108] The TPM requirement in particular has led to confusion as many motherboards do not have TPM support, or require a compatible TPM to be physically installed onto the motherboard. Many newer CPUs also include a TPM implemented at the CPU level (with AMD referring to this "fTPM", and Intel referring to it as "Platform Trust Technology" [PTT]),[109] which might be disabled by default and require changing settings in the computer's UEFI firmware,[110] or an UEFI firmware update that is configured to automatically enable the firmware TPM upon installation.[111]

    Original equipment manufacturers can still ship computers without a TPM 2.0 coprocessor upon Microsoft's approval.[112][113] Devices with unsupported processors are not blocked from installing or running Windows 11; however, a clean install or upgrade using ISO installation media must be performed as Windows Update will not offer an upgrade from Windows 10.[114] Additionally, users must also accept an on-screen disclaimer stating that they will not be entitled to receive updates, and that damage caused by using Windows 11 on an unsupported configuration are not covered by the manufacturer's warranty.[115][116] Some third-party software may refuse to run on unsupported configurations of Windows 11.[117]

    Reception

    Pre-release

    Reception of Windows 11 upon its reveal was positive, with critics praising the new design and productivity features.[118] However, Microsoft was criticized for creating confusion over the minimum system requirements for Windows 11.[119] The increased system requirements (compared to those of Windows 10) initially published by Microsoft could see as many as 60 percent of existing Windows 10 PCs unable to upgrade to Windows 11,[120] which has faced concerns that this will make the devices electronic waste.[121]

    It has been theorized that these system requirements were a measure intended to encourage the purchase of new PCs, especially amid a downturn in PC sales and increased prices due to the global chip shortage.[73] While Microsoft has not specifically acknowledged this when discussing the cutoff, it was also acknowledged that the sixth and seventh generation of Intel Core processors were prominently afflicted by CPU-level security vulnerabilities such as Meltdown and Spectre, and that newer CPUs manufactured since then had increased mitigations against the flaws.[73][122] Research Vice President of Gartner Stephen Kleynhans felt that Microsoft was "looking at the entire stack from the hardware up through the applications and the user experience and trying to make the entire stack work better and more securely.[122]

    Launch

    Andrew Cunningham of Ars Technica praised the improvements to its visual design (describing the new "Mica" appearance as reminiscent of the visual appearance of iOS and macOS, and arguing that Microsoft had "[made] a serious effort" at making the user-facing aspects of Windows 11 more consistent visually), window management, performance (assessed as being equivalent to if not better than Windows 10), other "beneficial tweaks", and its system requirements having brought greater public attention to hardware security features present on modern PCs. Criticism was raised towards Widgets' lack of support for third-party content (thus limiting it to Microsoft services only), regressions in taskbar functionality and customization, the inability to easily select default applications for common tasks such as web browsing (now requiring the user to select the browser application for each file type individually), and Microsoft's unclear justification for its processor compatibility criteria. Cunningham concluded that "as I've dug into [Windows 11] and learned its ins and outs for this review, I've warmed to it more", but argued that the OS was facing similar "public perception" issues to Windows Vista and Windows 8. However, he noted that 11 did not have as many performance issues or bugs as Vista had upon its release, nor was as "disjointed" as 8, and recommended that users who were unsure about the upgrade should stay on Windows 10 in anticipation of future updates to 11.[73]

    Tom Warren of The Verge described Windows 11 as being akin to a house in the middle of renovations, but that "actually using Windows 11 for the past few months hasn't felt as controversial as I had expected"—praising its updated user interface as being more modern and reminiscent of iOS and Chrome OS, the new start menu for feeling less cluttered than the Windows 10 iteration, updates to some of its stock applications, and Snap Assist. Warren noted that he rarely used the Widgets panel or Microsoft Teams, citing that he preferred the weather display that later versions of Windows 10 offered, and didn't use Teams to communicate with his friends and family. He also acknowledged the expansion of Microsoft Store to include more "traditional" desktop applications. However, he felt that Windows 11 still felt like a work in progress, noting UI inconsistencies (such as dark mode and new context menu designs not being uniform across all dialogues and applications, and the modern Settings app still falling back upon legacy Control Panel applets for certain settings), regressions to the taskbar (including the inability to move it, drag files onto taskbar buttons in order to focus the corresponding application, and the clock only shown on the primary display in multi-monitor configurations), and promised features (such as dynamic refresh rate support and a universal microphone mute button) not being present on the initial release. Overall, he concluded that "I wouldn't rush out to upgrade to Windows 11, but I also wouldn't avoid it. After all, Windows 11 still feels familiar and underneath all the UI changes, it's the same Windows we've had for decades."[123]

    PC World was more critical, arguing that Windows 11 "sacrifices productivity for personality, but without cohesion", commenting upon changes such as the inability to use local "offline" accounts on Windows 11 Home, regressions to the taskbar, a "functionally worse" start menu, Microsoft Teams integration having privacy implications and being a ploy to coerce users into switching to the service, File Explorer obscuring common functions under unclear icons, using "terribly sleazy" behaviors to discourage changing the default web browser from Microsoft Edge, and that the OS "anecdotally feels less responsive, slower, and heavier than Windows 10." It was concluded that Windows 11 "feels practical and productive, but less so than its predecessor in many aspects", while its best features were either "hidden deeper within", required specific hardware (DirectStorage, Auto HDR) or were not available on launch (Android app support).[124]

    See also

    References

    1. ^Warren, Tom (June 15, 2021). "Windows 11 leak reveals new UI, Start menu, and more". The Verge. Retrieved September 12, 2021.
    2. ^Tung, Liam. "Programming language tools: Windows gets versatile new open-source terminal". ZDNet. Archived from the original on August 3, 2020. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
    3. ^"Microsoft is open-sourcing Windows Calculator on GitHub". ZDNet. Archived from the original on July 3, 2019. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
    4. ^"GitHub – microsoft/Windows-Driver-Frameworks". GitHub. Archived from the original on January 14, 2017. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
    5. ^"windows forms". Microsoft. Archived from the original on September 13, 2020. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
    6. ^ abPanay, Panos (October 4, 2021). "Windows 11: A new era for the PC begins today". Windows Experience Blog. Retrieved October 4, 2021.
    7. ^"November 9, 2021—KB5007215 (OS Build 22000.318)". Microsoft Support. November 9, 2021.
    8. ^"Announcing Windows 11 Insider Preview Build 22504". Windows Insider Blog. November 17, 2021.
    9. ^"Local Experience Packs – Microsoft Store". microsoft.com. Microsoft. Archived from the original on July 21, 2019. Retrieved June 16, 2021.
    10. ^"Microsoft Volume Licensing Center". microsoft.com. Microsoft. Archived from the original on November 18, 2011. Retrieved June 16, 2021.
    11. ^"Microsoft swallows its pride and releases new Chrome-based browser". finance.yahoo.com. Retrieved November 17, 2021.
    12. ^Shankland, Stephen. "Google is loosening its grip on Chrome's foundations, but outside allies still help it control the web itself". CNET. Retrieved November 17, 2021.
    13. ^Microsoft Edge and Chromium Open Source: Our Intent, Microsoft Edge, October 18, 2020, retrieved November 17, 2021,
    14. ^"Windows forever: Windows 10 builds will continue even after Microsoft ships it". PCWorld. April 30, 2015. Archived from the original on March 2, 2021. Retrieved June 16, 2021.
    15. ^"Windows 10 Takes Its Place as Microsoft's 'Forever OS'". Redmondmag. Archived from the original on April 9, 2021. Retrieved June 16, 2021.
    16. ^Loeb, Larry (July 28, 2015). "Windows 10: Microsoft Attempts A SaaS Model". InformationWeek. Archived from the original on May 8, 2021. Retrieved June 27, 2021.
    17. ^Warren, Tom (October 2, 2019). "Microsoft Surface Neo first look: the future of Windows 10X is dual-screen". The Verge. Retrieved May 4, 2020.
    18. ^Hollister, Sean (October 2, 2019). "Windows 10X is Microsoft's latest stab at a 'Lite' operating system, exclusively for dual-screens". The Verge. Retrieved May 4, 2020.
    19. ^Warren, Tom (October 2, 2019). "Windows 10X has a new Start Menu and no more Live Tiles". The Verge. Retrieved October 16, 2021.
    20. ^Warren, Tom (May 4, 2020). "Microsoft confirms Windows 10X is coming to laptops amid big jump in Windows usage". The Verge. Retrieved May 4, 2020.
    21. ^"Accelerating innovation in Windows 10 to meet customers where they are". Windows Experience Blog. May 4, 2020. Retrieved October 16, 2021.
    22. ^Warren, Tom (January 4, 2021). "Microsoft planning 'sweeping visual rejuvenation of Windows'". The Verge. Archived from the original on June 10, 2021. Retrieved June 16, 2021.
    23. ^Warren, Tom (January 4, 2021). "Microsoft planning 'sweeping visual rejuvenation of Windows'". The Verge. Retrieved October 16, 2021.
    24. ^Warren, Tom (March 4, 2021). "Microsoft's Windows 10 UI overhaul continues with new system icons". The Verge. Retrieved October 16, 2021.
    25. ^Warren, Tom (March 17, 2021). "Microsoft is bringing its Xbox Auto HDR feature to Windows". The Verge. Retrieved October 16, 2021.
    26. ^Anton Shilov (December 11, 2020). "Microsoft Brings x64 Emulation to Windows 10 on Arm PCs". Tom's Hardware. Retrieved November 14, 2021.
    27. ^Warren, Tom (May 18, 2021). "Microsoft confirms Windows 10X is dead". The Verge. Retrieved May 18, 2021.
    28. ^"Satya Nadella teases major updates coming soon to Windows during Build 2021 keynote". Windows Central. May 25, 2021. Archived from the original on June 5, 2021. Retrieved June 15, 2021.
    29. ^"Microsoft to reveal its next generation of Windows on June 24". The Verge. June 2, 2021. Archived from the original on June 11, 2021. Retrieved June 15, 2021.
    30. ^"Microsoft Windows Event – Watch the June 24 LIVE stream". Microsoft. June 2, 2021. Archived from the original on June 16, 2021. Retrieved June 15, 2021.
    31. ^Windows Startup Sounds – Slo-fi Remix. Microsoft. June 10, 2021. Archived from the original on June 12, 2021. Retrieved June 15, 2021 – via YouTube.
    32. ^"Microsoft teases new Windows 11 startup sound with 11-minute video". The Verge. June 10, 2021. Archived from the original on June 12, 2021. Retrieved June 15, 2021.
    33. ^"Microsoft Windows Event – Watch the June 24 LIVE stream". Windows. Microsoft. June 2, 2021. Archived from the original on June 16, 2021. Retrieved June 15, 2021.
    34. ^Warren, Tom (June 24, 2021). "Live blog: Microsoft's Windows 11 event". The Verge. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
    35. ^Novet, Jordan; Leswing, Kif; Haselton, Todd (June 24, 2021). "Microsoft just unveiled Windows 11: Here's everything it announced". CNBC. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
    36. ^@satyanadella (June 25, 2021). "Today marks the beginning of a new generation of Windows" (Tweet). Retrieved June 25, 2021 – via Twitter.
    37. ^Join us to see what's next for developers. Archived from the original on June 23, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021 – via YouTube.
    38. ^Gallo, Kevin (June 24, 2021). "What Windows 11 Means for Developers". Windows Developer Blog. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
    39. ^Jones, Luke (June 18, 2021). "Microsoft Announces Windows 11 Developer Event on June 24". WinBuzzer. Archived from the original on June 18, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
    40. ^Parmar, Mayank (June 21, 2021). "Windows 11 confirmed in a new Microsoft support document". Windows Latest. Archived from the original on June 20, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
    41. ^Allan, Darren (June 21, 2021). "Windows 11 name confirmed in fresh leak from Microsoft". Tech Radar. Archived from the original on June 22, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
    42. ^"传说中的Windows11,测试版/The legendary Windows 11, beta version". Baidu (in Chinese). Archived from the original on June 15, 2021. Retrieved June 17, 2021.
    43. ^Reichert, Corinne (June 15, 2021). "Windows 11 screenshots leak online, report says". CNET. Archived from the original on June 28, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
    44. ^Mott, Nathaniel (June 17, 2021). "Windows 11: Everything We Know About Microsoft's Next OS". Tom's Hardware. Archived from the original on June 25, 2021. Retrieved June 17, 2021.
    45. ^"Windows 11 Build Leaks, Shows a New Desktop UI, Start Menu, and More". reviewgeek. June 15, 2021. Archived from the original on June 16, 2021. Retrieved June 15, 2021.
    46. ^Warren, Tom (June 25, 2021). "Microsoft's Panos Panay on building Windows 11 during a pandemic, Android, and the leak". The Verge. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
    47. ^Rubino, Daniel (June 18, 2021). "Microsoft issues DMCA complaint against site hosting Windows 11 ISO, confirms authenticity". Windows Central. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
    48. ^"Upgrade to the New Windows 11 OS". Windows. Microsoft. June 24, 2021. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
    49. ^Rayome, Alison DeNisco. "Windows 11 release date: Here's when you can install Microsoft's free update". CNET. Archived from the original on June 26, 2021. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
    50. ^ abPanay, Panos (June 24, 2021). "Introducing Windows 11". Windows Experience Blog. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
    51. ^"Announcing the first Insider Preview for Windows 11". Windows Insider Blog. June 28, 2021. Archived from the original on June 29, 2021. Retrieved June 29, 2021.
    52. ^Rayome, Alison DeNisco. "Windows 11 release date: Here's when Microsoft's new OS comes out". CNET. Retrieved August 31, 2021.
    53. ^Rayome, Alison DeNisco. "Windows 11: What you need to know about the beta, release date, new features and more". CNET. Retrieved August 31, 2021.
    54. ^Blog, Windows Experience (August 31, 2021). "Windows 11 available on October 5". Windows Experience Blog. Retrieved October 6, 2021.
    55. ^Rayome, Alison DeNisco. "Download Windows 11 now with this workaround: How to skip the wait for Microsoft's OS". CNET. Retrieved November 2, 2021.
    56. ^Warren, Tom (October 4, 2021). "Microsoft releases Windows 11 a day early". The Verge. Retrieved October 4, 2021.
    57. ^Foley, Mary Jo. "Microsoft's Windows 11: How to get it now (or later)". ZDNet. Retrieved October 5, 2021.
    58. ^"KB5005716: Out of Box Experience update for Windows 10, version 2004, 20H2, 21H1, and 21H2: October 4, 2021". support.microsoft.com. Retrieved November 2, 2021.
    59. ^"Windows 11 Is the Overhaul Microsoft Needed". Gizmodo. Archived from the original on June 25, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
    60. ^"Microsoft is committed to the Microsoft Store with Windows 11". Windows Central. June 24, 2021. Archived from the original on June 25, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
    61. ^Warren, Tom (September 28, 2021). "Microsoft opens its Windows store up to third-party app stores". The Verge. Retrieved October 16, 2021.
    62. ^Warren, Tom (November 16, 2021). "Windows 10 on Arm will no longer get x64 app emulation". The Verge. Retrieved November 16, 2021.
    63. ^ abcWarren, Tom (June 24, 2021). "Microsoft announces Windows 11, with a new design, Start menu, and more". The Verge. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
    64. ^Lawler, Richard (June 24, 2021). "Microsoft didn't kill Skype, but Windows 11 is shoving it out of sight". The Verge. Archived from the original on June 25, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
    65. ^ abWelch, Chris (June 24, 2021). "Microsoft Teams will be directly integrated as part of Windows 11". The Verge. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
    66. ^ abcdSalter, Jim (June 24, 2021). "Windows 11 is much more than a new theme slapped onto Windows 10". Ars Technica. Archived from the original on June 25, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
    67. ^Tom Warren (June 25, 2021). "Windows 11 is deleting Internet Explorer". The Verge. Retrieved August 12, 2021.
    68. ^"What is Internet Explorer mode?". Microsoft Docs. Retrieved October 12, 2021.
    69. ^Ed Bott (August 23, 2019). "How Microsoft lost its monopoly in web browsers". ZDNet. Retrieved August 13, 2021.
    70. ^Sarkar, Samit (June 24, 2021). "Xbox Game Pass is built into Windows 11". Polygon. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
    71. ^ abMachkovech, Sam (June 24, 2021). "DirectStorage on Windows 11: Next-gen gaming performance, with PC requirements". Ars Technica. Archived from the original on June 25, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
    72. ^Rishi Alwani (June 24, 2021). "Windows 11 Gets Xbox Series X Auto HDR, Direct Storage API, and Game Pass". IGN. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
    73. ^ abcdefCunningham, Andrew (October 4, 2021). "Windows 11: The Ars Technica review". Ars Technica. Retrieved October 5, 2021.
    74. ^hickeys. "Mica material – Windows apps". Microsoft Docs. Retrieved October 5, 2021.
    75. ^hickeys. "Typography in Windows 11 – Windows apps". Microsoft Docs. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
    76. ^ ab"Windows 11 Specifications – Microsoft". Windows. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
    77. ^Warren, Tom (September 7, 2021). "Microsoft Start is a personalized news feed designed for Windows 11, mobile, and more". The Verge. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
    78. ^Krasnoff, Barbara (October 5, 2021). "How to use snap layouts in Windows 11". The Verge. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
    79. ^editor, Executive. "Windows 11 multi-monitor tweaks are toying with my emotions". PCWorld. Retrieved November 9, 2021.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
    80. ^Bisson, Simon. "How to get started with the Windows Subsystem for Android in Windows 11". TechRepublic. Retrieved November 3, 2021.
    81. ^"Windows 11 will support Android apps from outside the Amazon Appstore". xda-developers. June 25, 2021. Archived from the original on June 26, 2021. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
    82. ^"Amazon and Microsoft create new opportunities for developers and increase return on investment in the Amazon Appstore : Appstore Blogs". developer.amazon.com. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
    83. ^Jordan, Novet; Leswing, Kif; Haselton, Todd (June 24, 2021). "Microsoft Windows 11 will support Android apps". CNBC. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
    84. ^Warren, Tom (June 24, 2021). "Microsoft is bringing Android apps to Windows 11 with Amazon's Appstore". The Verge. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
    85. ^ abGartenberg, Chaim (June 24, 2021). "Windows 11's Intel-powered Android apps will run on AMD and Arm processors, too". The Verge. Archived from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
    86. ^ ab"Windows 11: Minimum Hardware Requirements"(PDF). Microsoft. June 2021. Archived(PDF) from the original on June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
    87. ^ ab"Windows 11 won't work without a TPM – What you need to know". BleepingComputer. Archived from the original on June 25, 2021. Retrieved June 25, 2021.
    88. ^ ab"Windows 11 enables security by design from the chip to the cloud". Microsoft Security Blog. June 25, 2021. Archived from the original on June 26, 2021. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
    89. ^"Compare Windows 11 Home vs Pro Versions September 2021 - 10 (Ten) Crack Software Collection

    1 comments

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *