Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate)

Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate)

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Criticism of Windows XP

Criticism related to Microsoft's Windows XP operating system

For criticism applying to several or all versions of Microsoft Windows, see Criticism of Microsoft Windows.

Criticism of Windows XP deals with issues with security, performance and the presence of product activation errors that are specific to the Microsoftoperating systemWindows XP.

Security issues[edit]

Windows XP has been criticized by many users[who?] for its vulnerabilities due to buffer overflows and its susceptibility to malware such as viruses, trojan horses, and worms. Nicholas Petreley for The Register notes that "Windows XP was the first version of Windows to reflect a serious effort to isolate users from the system, so that users each have their own private files and limited system privileges."[1] However, users by default receive an administrator account that provides unrestricted access to the underpinnings of the system. If the administrator's account is compromised, there is no limit to the control that can be asserted over the PC. Windows XP Home Edition also lacks the ability to administer security policies and denies access to the Local Users and Groups utility.

Microsoft executives[who?] have stated that the release of security patches is often what causes the spread of exploits against those very same flaws, as crackers figure out what problems the patches fix and then launch attacks against unpatched systems. For example, in August 2003 the Blaster worm exploited a vulnerability present in every unpatched installation of Windows XP, and was capable of compromising a system even without user action. In May 2004 the Sasser worm spread by using a buffer overflow in a remote service present on every installation. Patches to prevent both of these well-known worms had already been released by Microsoft. Increasingly widespread use of Service Pack 2 and greater use of personal firewalls may also contribute to making worms like these less common.[2]

Many attacks against Windows XP systems come in the form of trojan horse e-mail attachments which contain worms. A user who opens the attachment can unknowingly infect his or her own computer, which may then e-mail the worm to more people. Notable worms of this sort that have infected Windows XP systems include Mydoom, Netsky and Bagle. To discourage users from running such programs, Service Pack 2 includes the Attachment Execution Service which records the origin of files downloaded with Internet Explorer or received as an attachment in Outlook Express. If a user tries to run a program downloaded from an untrusted security zone, Windows XP with Service Pack 2 will prompt the user with a warning.

Spyware and adware are a continuing problem on Windows XP and other versions of Windows. Spyware is also a concern for Microsoft with regard to service pack updates; Barry Goff, a group product manager at Microsoft, said some spyware could cause computers to freeze up upon installation of Service Pack 2.[3] In January 2005, Microsoft released a free beta version of Windows Defender which removes some spyware and adware from computers.

Windows XP offers some useful security benefits, such as Windows Update, which can be set to install security patches automatically, and a built-in firewall. If a user doesn't install the updates for a long time after the Windows Update icon is displayed in the toolbar, Windows will automatically install them and restart the computer on its own. This can lead to the loss of unsaved data if the user is away from the computer when the updates are installed. Service Pack 2 enables the firewall by default. It also adds increased memory protection to let the operating system take advantage of new No eXecute technology built into CPUs such as the AMD64. This allows Windows XP to prevent some buffer overflow exploits.

On April 8, 2014, extended support of Windows XP ended. As this means that security vulnerabilities are no longer patched, the general advice given by both Microsoft and security specialists is to no longer use Windows XP.

Antitrust concerns[edit]

In light of the United States v. Microsoft Corp. case which resulted in Microsoft being convicted for illegally abusing its operating system monopoly to overwhelm competition in other markets, Windows XP has drawn fire for integrating user applications such as Windows Media Player and Windows Messenger into the operating system, as well as for its close ties to the Windows Live ID (now Microsoft account) service.[citation needed]

In 2001, ProComp – a group including several of Microsoft's rivals, including Oracle, Sun, and Netscape – claimed that the bundling and distribution of Windows Media Player in Windows XP was a continuance of Microsoft's anticompetitive behavior[4] and that the integration of Windows Live ID (at the time Microsoft Passport) into Windows XP was a further example of Microsoft attempting to gain a monopoly in web services.[5] Both of these claims were rebutted by the Association for Competitive Technology (ACT) and the Computing Technology Industry Association (CompTIA), both partially funded by Microsoft.[6][7] The battle being fought by fronts for each side was the subject of a heated exchange between Oracle's Larry Ellison and Microsoft's Bill Gates.[8]

Microsoft responded on its "Freedom to Innovate" web site,[9] pointing out that in earlier versions of Windows, Microsoft had integrated tools such as disk defragmenters, graphical file managers, and TCP/IP stacks, and there had been no protest that Microsoft was being anti-competitive. Microsoft asserted that these tools had moved from special to general usage and therefore belonged in its operating system.

To avoid the possibility of an injunction, which might have delayed the release of Windows XP, Microsoft changed its licensing terms to allow PC manufacturers to hide access to Internet Explorer (but not remove it). Competitors dismissed this as a trivial gesture.[10] Later, Microsoft released a utility as part of Service Pack 1 (SP1) which allows icons and other links to bundled software such as Internet Explorer, Windows Media Player, and Windows Messenger (not to be confused with the similar-named Windows Live Messenger, formerly MSN Messenger) to be removed. The components themselves remain in the system; Microsoft maintains that they are necessary for key Windows functionality (such as the HTML Help system and Windows desktop), and that removing them completely may result in unwanted consequences. One critic, Shane Brooks, has argued that Internet Explorer could be removed without adverse effects, as demonstrated with his product XPLite.[11] Dino Nuhagic created his nLite software to remove many components from XP prior to installation of the product.[12]

In addition, in the first release of Windows XP, the "Buy Music Online" feature always used Microsoft's Internet Explorer rather than any other web browser that the user may have set as his/her default. Under pressure from the United States Department of Justice, Microsoft released a patch in early 2004, which corrected the problem.[13]

Backward compatibility[edit]

Migrating from Windows 9x to XP can be an issue for users dependent upon MS-DOS. Although XP comes with the ability to run DOS programs in a virtual DOS machine, it still has trouble running many old DOS programs. This is largely because it is a Windows NT system and does not use DOS as a base OS, and because the Windows NT architecture is different from Windows 9x.[14] Some DOS programs that cannot run natively on XP, notably programs that rely on direct access to hardware, can be run in emulators, such as DOSBox or virtual machines, like VMware, Virtual PC, or VirtualBox. This also applies to programs that only require direct access to certain common emulated hardware components, like memory, keyboard, graphics cards, and serial ports. With DOS emulators, 32-bit versions of Windows XP can run almost any program designed for any previous Microsoft operating system. Only 64-bit versions of XP have major backward-compatibility issues. This is because old 16-bit Windows programs require a tool called NTVDM, which is only present in the 32-bit version of the OS. However, this is true of every version of Windows that comes in both 32-bit and 64-bit versions, and it is not specific to XP; additionally, virtual machine software such as VirtualBox can run 16-bit DOS and Windows programs even on 64-bit versions of Windows.

Product activation and verification[edit]

Product activation[edit]

In an attempt to reduce piracy, Microsoft introduced product activation in Windows XP. Activation required the computer or the user to activate with Microsoft (either online or over the phone) within a certain amount of time in order to continue using the operating system. If the user's computer system ever changes — for example, if two or more relevant components of the computer itself are upgraded — Windows will return to the unactivated state and will need to be activated again within a defined grace period. If a user tried to reactivate too frequently, the system will refuse to activate online. The user must then contact Microsoft by telephone to obtain a new activation code.

However, activation only applied to retail and "system builder" (intended for use by small local PC builders) copies of Windows. "Royalty OEM" (used by large PC vendors) copies are instead locked to a special signature in the machine's BIOS (and will demand activation if moved to a system whose motherboard does not have the signature) and volume license copies do not require activation at all. This led to pirates simply using volume license copies with volume license keys that were widely distributed on the Internet.

Product key testing[edit]

In addition to activation, Windows XP service packs will refuse to install on Windows XP systems with product keys known to be widely used in unauthorized installations. These product keys are either intended for use with one copy (for retail and system builder), for one OEM (for BIOS locked copies) or to one company (for volume license copies) and are included with the product. However a number of volume license product keys (which as mentioned above avoid the need for activation) were posted on the Internet and were then used for a large number of unauthorized installations. The service packs contain a list of these keys and will not update copies of Windows XP that use them.

Microsoft developed a new key verification engine for Windows XP Service Pack 2 that could detect illicit keys, even those that had never been used before. After an outcry from security consultants who feared that denying security updates to illegal installations of Windows XP would have wide-ranging consequences even for legal owners, Microsoft elected to disable the new key verification engine. Service Pack 2 only checks for the same small list of commonly used keys as Service Pack 1. This means that while Service Pack 2 will not install on copies of Windows XP which use the older set of copied keys, those who use keys which have been posted more recently may be able to update their systems.

Windows Genuine Advantage[edit]

Main article: Windows Genuine Advantage

To try to curb piracy based on leaked or generated volume license keys, Microsoft introduced Windows Genuine Advantage (WGA). WGA comprises two parts, a verification tool which must be used to get certain downloads from Microsoft and a user notification system. WGA for Windows was followed by verification systems for Internet Explorer 7, Windows Media Player 11, Windows Defender, Microsoft Office 2007 and certain updates. In late 2007, Microsoft removed the WGA verification from the installer for Internet Explorer 7 saying that the purpose of the change was to make IE7 available to all Windows users.[15][16]

If the license key is judged not genuine, it displays a nag screen at regular intervals asking the user to buy a license from Microsoft.[17] In addition, the user's access to Microsoft Update is restricted to critical security updates, and as such, new versions of enhancements and other Microsoft products will no longer be able to be downloaded or installed.

On August 26, 2008, Microsoft released a new WGA activation program that displays a plain black desktop background for computers failing validation. The background can be changed, but reverts after 1 hour.[18]

Common criticisms of WGA have included its description as a "Critical Security Update", causing Automatic Updates to download it without user intervention on default settings, its behavior compared to spyware of "phoning home" to Microsoft every time the computer is connected to the Internet, the failure to inform end users what exactly WGA would do once installed (rectified by a 2006 update),[19] the failure to provide a proper uninstallation method during beta testing (users were given manual removal instructions that did not work with the final build[17]), and its sensitivity to hardware changes which cause repeated need for reactivation in the hands of some developers. Also if the user has no connection to the Internet or a phone, it will be difficult to activate it normally.

Strictly speaking, neither the download nor the install of the Notifications is mandatory; the user can change their Automatic Update settings to allow them to choose what updates may be downloaded for installation. If the update is already downloaded, the user can choose not to accept the supplemental EULA provided for the Notifications. In both cases, the user can also request that the update not be presented again. Newer Critical Security Updates may still be installed with the update hidden. However this setting will only have effect on the existing version of Notifications, so it can appear again as a new version. In 2006, California resident Brian Johnson attempted to bring a class action lawsuit against Microsoft, on grounds that Windows Genuine Advantage Notifications violated the spyware laws in the state;[20] the lawsuit was dismissed in 2010.[21]

Default theme[edit]

Windows XP's default theme, Luna, was criticized by some users for its childish look.[22][23]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^Petreley, Nicholas (2004-10-22). "Security Report: Windows vs Linux | The Register". The Register. Retrieved 2010-01-31.
  2. ^Leyden, John. "The strange decline of computer worms | Channel Register". Channel Register.
  3. ^"Microsoft: Spyware could bungle SP2 update". USA Today. 2 September 2004. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
  4. ^[1]
  5. ^[2]
  6. ^"News Briefs: May 26–31, 2001". Techlawjournal.com. May 31, 2001. Retrieved 2010-01-31.
  7. ^Declan McCullagh (May 31, 2001). "MS Launches Counter PR Attack". Wired.com. Retrieved 2010-01-31.
  8. ^David Kleinbard (June 28, 2000). "Oracle's Ellison rips into Bill Gates". money.cnn.com. CNN. Retrieved 2010-01-31.
  9. ^Newsletter - June 5, 2001Freedom To Innovate Network; Microsoft. June 5, 2001. Retrieved 2010-05-31.
  10. ^Wilcox, Joe (July 11, 2001). "Microsoft changes Windows license terms | CNET News.com". News.com.com. Retrieved 2010-01-31.
  11. ^"XPlite and 2000lite Uninstall Windows Components". Product info. Litepc.com. Retrieved 2010-01-31.
  12. ^"nLite — Deployment Tool for the bootable Unattended Windows installation". Product info. Nliteos.com. Retrieved 2010-01-31.
  13. ^"The "Shop for music online" link starts Internet Explorer instead of your default Web browser in Windows XP". Support.microsoft.com. Microsoft Inc. October 26, 2006. Retrieved 2010-01-31.
  14. ^"Troubleshooting MS-DOS-based programs in Windows XP". Knowledge Base. Microsoft Product Support. Archived from the original on 2004-10-16.
  15. ^Mary Jo Foley (2007-10-04). "Internet Explorer 7 update: Now WGA-free". ZDNet. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-16.
  16. ^Steve Reynolds (2007-10-04). "Internet Explorer 7 Update". Microsoft. Retrieved 2007-12-16.
  17. ^ ab"Description of the Windows Genuine Advantage Notifications application". Retrieved 2006-10-31.
  18. ^"Description of the Windows Genuine Advantage Notifications application". Support.microsoft.com. 2010-07-02. Retrieved 2010-08-26.
  19. ^"New WGA Notifications Released". MSDN Blogs. 2006-09-29. Retrieved 2006-12-03.
  20. ^"Lawsuit Labels Windows Genuine Advantage as Spyware". eWeek. 2006-07-29. Retrieved 2010-08-19.
  21. ^"Microsoft wins Windows XP WGA lawsuit". Ars Technica. 2010-02-09. Retrieved 2010-08-19.
  22. ^Manes, Stephen (2004-08-26). "Full Disclosure: Your Take on Windows' Worst Irritations". PCWorld. IDG. Archived from the original on 2009-10-08.
  23. ^Bright, Peter (2014-04-10). "Memory lane: Before everyone loved Windows XP, they hated it". Ars Technica. Condé Nast. Archived from the original on 2014-04-24. Retrieved 2014-06-20.

External links[edit]

Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

Windows XP Product Key All Editions Universal Product Keys Collection

Contents

If you looking on the internet a Windows XP Product Key So, you come to the right place now a day shares with you all windows XP version product keys or serial key to get enter and activate windows in 2019. A lot of people daily bases search windows XP sp2 or sp3 professional edition windows product key because Microsft can not any update for Windows XP all for manual work so this post all about Windows XP how to activate and how to select a product key or lifetime working.

Although Windows XP updates won’t be supported by Microsoft, due to their personal habits or work requirements, I am sure that many users are still using it. So even now, the product keys for XP can be used, has given you the most comprehensive product keys for Windows XP, to make this easy.

WINDOWS XP OPERATING SYSTEM

The following CD-KEYs are official and original from Microsoft and are mainly used for 2/3VOL / VLK System Pack images of Windows XP Professional Service, the most convenient online to find. Your greatest benefit is to enable your Windows XP after you use these CD-KEYs.

Product keys for Windows XP are available free of charge. Windows XP was created and launched in 2001 by Microsoft. The Windows Vista was the successor to it. With its users, Windows XP was positive about increased performance, an intuitive user interface, enhanced hardware support, and its expanded multimedia capabilities. The product key was included in the Windows XP. Whereas Windows XP has proven popular and widely used in the event of initial concerns regarding its new licensing model and product activation system. In January 2017, NetMarketshare’s market share for Windows XP desktops is 10.34 %. The latest version of Windows is available. You can also check out the windows 7 product key.

Windows XP Product Key Free [UPDATED 2021]

Windows XP Professional 32-bit Edition

SP3 VOLM6TF9-8XQ2M-YQK9F-7TBB2-XGG88
SP3 VOLMRX3F-47B9T-2487J-KWKMF-RPWBY
SP3 VOLQC986-27D34-6M3TY-JJXP9-TBGMD
SP3 VLKTQMCY-42MBK-3R4YG-478KD-7FY3M
SP3 VOL
  • CM3HY-26VYW-6JRYC-X66GX-JVY2D
  • DP7CM-PD6MC-6BKXT-M8JJ6-RPXGJ
  • F4297-RCWJP-P482C-YY23Y-XH8W3
  • HH7VV-6P3G9-82TWK-QKJJ3-MXR96
  • HCQ9D-TVCWX-X9QRG-J4B2Y-GR2TT
  • K2CXT-C6TPX-WCXDP-RMHWT-V4TDT
  • QHYXK-JCJRX-XXY8Y-2KX2X-CCXGD
  • MFBF7-2CK8B-93MDB-8MR7T-4QRCQ
  • 2QQ6J-HGXY3-VGH23-HYQDC-BYR2D
  • CM3HY-26VYW-6JRYC-X66GX-JVY2D
  • T72KM-6GWBP-GX7TD-CXFT2-7WT2B
SP3 VLK
  • DG8FV-B9TKY-FRT9J-6CRCC-XPQ4G
  • RFYPJ-BKXH2-26FWP-WB6MT-CYH2Y
  • 7HPVP-8VHPV-G7CQ3-BTK2R-TDRF3
  • DG8FV-B9TKY-FRT9J-6CRCC-XPQ4G
  • CXGDD-GP2B2-RKWWD-HG3HY-VDJ7J
  • RK7J8-2PGYQ-P47VV-V6PMB-F6XPQ
  • T44H2-BM3G7-J4CQR-MPDRM-BWFWM
  • XW6Q2-MP4HK-GXFK3-KPGG4-GM36T
SP3 VOL MSDNMRX3F-47B9T-2487J-KWKMF-RPWBY
SP3 HPP2BXT-D7Y8P-F6WF2-HYXY9-49TJD
SP3 OEM SONYK7RGC-CDXYJ-FTYH2-Y3VVV-KBYC7
SP3 IBMTW8WB-MKT89-FRD3V-H6CGJ-6JW83
ACERKDD3G-HGVGM-M24P4-6BMMY-9XHF8
DELLKG7G9-67KHV-4FQKV-4DYXK-BHQTJ
LENOVOVF4HT-MPWB8-TWV6R-K6QM4-W6JCM
SP3 OEM THTFM68XC-TX2C9-PKK8H-GP8JH-RC8XB
SP3 OEM COMPAQKYKVX-86GQG-2MDY9-F6J9M-K42BQ
FUJITSU OEMC873T-F3X3M-9F6TR-J26GM-YTKKD
Pro SP3 OEM FOUNDERF4G2M-BH2JF-GTGJW-W82HY-VMRRQ
Home SP3 OEM FOUNDERK72PX-D96QW-RCHB9-3P96F-YQBCY
Home OEM HaierGYFDM-KCXHW-6GFGQ-JQ9FH-B4TRY
SP2 OEM HPP2BXT-D7Y8P-F6WF2-HYXYP-49TJD
Home OEMJQ4T4-8VM63-6WFBK-KTT29-V8966
Home RetailRH6M6-7PPK4-YR86H-YFFFX-PW8M8
Media Center
  • C4BH3-P4J7W-9MT6X-PGKC8-J4JTM
  • B2Y39-43MG6-MMGRG-7VKCF-VXMCM
Professional CorpXP8BF-F8HPF-PY6BX-K24PJ-TWT6M
Professional OEMXJM6Q-BQ8HW-T6DFB-Y934T-YD4YT
Professional RetailCD87T-HFP4C-V7X7H-8VY68-W7D7M
Professional SP2 VOLCCMWP-99T99-KCY96-FGKBW-F9WJT
Plus!DMC3M-2PD9R-9F8RY-KCKYC-JPXWM
Windows Server 2003 VOLKJTHV-V4BVY-6R9JK-YJM7X-X7FDY
Office 2003 VOLGWH28-DGCMP-P6RC4-6J4MT-3HFDY
SP3
  • V2C47-MK7JD-3R89F-D2KXW-VPK3J
  • T7C4Q-47VGM-R7J6B-VPJ84-JPJ93
  • FY32F-XF3B6-277BF-YWBQF-GVRX3
  • XBC76-H7RCG-KQPKH-QK8PT-7D789
  • VQP4F-V47P8-BBDXK-R7K9Q-B42BB
  • TBHJK-W4DPH-9D267-H93VR-WMXQJ
  • JBH94-K6WKQ-YHTD6-XJFV9-WJP7Y
  • C626F-H4CCJ-PWR8R-2RB9K-3G3HD
  • HRCXT-BY6WB-VBM83-CMBXF-BVWYY
  • W733W-GWPGB-37X4T-BRD7P-JVT2D
  • VHBCM-H2YTW-TCYRR-QFTV6-XQQBG
  • XGVKJ-C8FB2-9GXXF-7DTG4-RYXFB
  • BMR29-HX9Y6-X6GTX-GKGGX-K8VV6
  • RHGJC-9CPJC-8M8F6-KYXCP-FRGC6
  • J3GMD-RMM3Q-HKC62-TV8Y8-246Q3
  • 9HFGJ-KERJT-IOQ73-8YR78-93UT5
  • JKJIF-YUQEW-786DM-NBDSH-GUIRE
  • TQ23P-98R87-89340-83QOI-WEJF8
  • DFHNG-RGTFR-89T57-6983P-UROFD
  • SJHGL-IUWRT-89023-48HR4–U4938
  • WHTKJL-RDHF8-7TG64-5ES42-76RY4
  • 23YU7-65RK0-HEVJK-SDAGI-OP265
SP2
  • KLSDJ-FERIO-UT843-U8JF8-43Y84
  • 93UJF-KDSIU-YT78Y-SDKJF-IOEWJ
  • FIOSD-FUHY7-ERTY7-843UR-OEJFK
  • DSHFG-8734Y-78927-4932J-FKJSD
  • FVHER-UIYT7-84358-93047-48294
  • 2307T-78436-YKJDF-SLHNV-JKSDH
  • JKSDH-FGSDH-FKJSD-MNF32-98784
  • 79Y5F-I34QY-65784-30UJR-DKSDG
  • OUI8W-Y3458-7934R-UREJG-KPWER
  • UIT89-0432U-Y0UTD-JSMCF-KLASD
  • HIUWE-Y4I78-34U5T-98234-U782T
Unknown
  • JJWKH-7M9R8-26VM4-FX8CC-GDPD8
  • Q3R8Y-MP9KD-3M6KB-383YB-7PK9Q
  • QB2BW-8PJ2D-9X7JK-BCCRT-D233Y
  • FCKGW-RHQQ2-YXRKT-8TG6W-2B7Q8
  • F6PGG-4YYDJ-3FF3T-R328P-3BXTG
  • FM9FY-TMF7Q-KCKCT-V9T29-TBBBG
  • RK7J8-2PGYQ-4P7VL-V6PMB-F6XPQ
  • KWT78-4D939-MRKK9-64W8C-CPF33
  • BJXGH-4TG7P-F9PRP-K6FJD-JQMPM
  • RBDC9-VTRC8-D7972-J97JY-PRVMG
  • DW3CF-D7KYR-KMR6C-3X7FX-T8CVM
  • MQPD6-C748R-FMRV6-8C3QK-79THJ
  • DTWB2-VX8WY-FG8R3-X696T-66Y46
  • DW87C-76RXP-LLK6C-3FJ2J-2908F

 

Windows XP Professional 64-bit Edition

SP2 VOL
  • B66VY-4D94T-TPPD4-43F72-8X4FY
  • VCFQD-V9FX9-46WVH-K3CD4-4J3JM
SP2 VOLWBD2T-3V7TW-GWJW6-HC6CK-R7MBJ
SP2 VOLWPH7P-DQMY8-97MWQ-Y26V7-3C4HM
SP2 VOL
  • M4733-B8WX6-G999M-P3YR6-TDYVM
  • PFC3B-RTB4W-F3Q44-JWQQR-447BB
SP2 VOLHH7VV-6P3G9-82TWK-QKJJ3-MXR96
SP2 VOLF4297-RCWJP-P482C-YY23Y-XH8W3
SP2 VOLMRX3F-47B9T-2487J-KWKMF-RPWBY
SP2 VOLQC986-27D34-6M3TY-JJXP9-TBGMD
SP2 VOL
  • C4FPJ-HQCGP-QD3XC-2JF34-FT8Y6
  • CH6BH-G7PCX-KTM8K-WRKBD-HC7TW
  • M4676-2VW7F-6BCVH-9QPBF-QBRBM
  • DW3CF-D7KYR-KMR6C-3X7FX-T8CVM
  • 7FMM3-W4FMP-4WRXX-BKDRT-7HG48
  • B2RBK-7KPT9-4JP6X-QQFWM-PJD6G
  • DM8R3-3VBXF-F7JRX-FJ7P4-YD3HM
  • FCKGW-RHQQ2-YXRKT-8TG6W-2B7Q8
  • TCP8W-T8PQJ-WWRRH-QH76C-99FBW
  • CKY24-Q8QRH-X3KMR-C6BCY-T847Y
  • RBDC9-VTRC8-D7972-J97JY-PRVMG
  • R3MGD-3H6HQ-RDRCR-KJXTM-3C8JW
SP2 VOLR7Q3G-CHTW9-CCQV9-G7DX6-RVTDY
SP2 VOLDRYCH-Q9RY7-YH62D-K98QM-KCGQ8
SP2 VOL
  • DQ3PG-2PTGJ-43FP2-RPRKB-QBYRY
  • DQ3PG-2PTGJ-43FP2-RPRKB-QBYRY
  • BXDQR-2KCR9-2VMJK-WDW94-PH2PB
  • HC47V-BMGVC-MWB4X-KJTTD-RMH4Y
  • BRC43-2CBV7-TCB9W-WHRGP-39XWM
  • BMHW2-GR289-D3PR9-JQF6P-YPQJM
  • DB8YF-HTGKP-6C948-3BHYD-PH2PB

 

You get a real Windows XP key when you buy a genuine Windows XP. This free Windows XP serial key helps to make sure you use genuine Windows. You must follow a step to activate your system’s windows if you receive these 25 digit Windows XP product keys. Below is how to activate your Windows XP with a free Windows XP product key.

DO YOU NEED A WINDOWS XP 32-BIT OR 64-BIT KEY?

Do you need a 32-bit or 64-bit Windows XP serial key? I know this is a worrying issue. Read the answer below in detail. For both 32-bit and 64-bit machines, Windows XP is released. The bits (32 or 64) are based on the architecture of your CPU. You can only install a 32-bit operating system if you have a 32-bit processor–in this case, Windows XP 32-bit. If you have a 64-bit processor, you’ll have to install Windows XP 64-bit and can handle your CPU with a bigger amount of memory. The majority of PCs used 32-bit hardware when Windows XP was launched. This meant that 90% of computers were equipped at that time to run a 32-bit operating system.

How to activate Windows with Windows XP Product Key?

Now it’s time to activate Windows XP with the correct activation code when we have found the right version of your windows installed on your computer. Some of you may have difficulty finding out where the product key needs to be added. The following steps are taken to help you install the Professional Product Key of Windows XP.

1. Click on the Start button

2. Right-click on Computer and go to Properties

3. At the bottom, click on Windows Activation

4. Now you’ll have an option to change the Windows XP Professional Product Key

5. Click on this option and enter your “Windows XP product Key”

6. Wait for the wizard to complete the activation process

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microsoft windows xp professional 2002 product key

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Have Office XP Pro 2002 and can't activate it.

Here are some links that should help you get a phone activation number:

NOTE: you can find links to the specific activation instruction for Office or Windows in hyperlinks at the bottom of the article

If none of the other fixes work, do a phone activation. Do not enter anything until the phone system offers you the option to talk to a live service rep. Explain the problem to them. You are transferring the installation from a “dead” computer, or you are getting an invalid product key and would like to know the exact reason

 

Microsoft Activation Centers Worldwide Telephone Numbers http://www.microsoft.com/licensing/existing-customers/activation-centers.aspx

 

Manually invoke Activation applet to get phone number

·         Click Start, or invoke Run dialog using <WIN> +< R>

·         in the Run Box type slui.exe 4   (you need to include the “4” to get to the right spot)

·         Select the appropriate location for an activation centre near you and call them. Except on weekends.

 

Activation and Registration info, phone numbers and links  - http://support.microsoft.com/kb/326851

·         Telephone activation might take longer than activation through the Internet. You should be at your computer when you call, and you should have your software Product Key available.

1.     In the Activation Wizard, select the country/region where you reside and where you plan to use the product .

The wizard provides one or more telephone numbers appropriate for your selection. Use the number provided on your Activation Wizard screen to call the Microsoft Activation Center.

2.     Call the Activation Center .

The customer service representative asks you for your installation ID (displayed on your screen) and other relevant information. After your installation ID is verified, you receive a confirmation ID.

3.     In the Activation Wizard, type the confirmation ID in the spaces provided at the bottom of the screen, and then press ENTER .

  Notes  

·         Telephone activation is not available for Trial and Subscription versions.

 

Use Activation Wizard to get the “Installation ID” required by Phone and Chat Help lines

do the activation method below:

·         Open Word application.

·         Click on the round Office button in the upper left corner of the screen.

·         Select "Word Options" at the bottom of the menu.

·         Select "Resources" from the left menu.

·         Click "Activate" on the right side

·         Select "I want to activate the software over the Internet" and click "Next". This will usually complete successfully and activate the software.

·         If you were unable to automatically activate over the Internet, you may select "I want to activate the software by telephone" and click "Next."

The Microsoft Activation Wizard will show you three steps:

Step 1: Select your location

Step 2: Installation ID (This will be required by the chat/phone support team from you for activation. Please provide it to them immediately)

Step 3: Confirmation ID (This will be provided by the support to you that you need to enter from boxes A to H to proceed with the activation. You may click on Next after entering the ID to complete the activation.

 

Fixing Product Activation problems -http://news.office-watch.com/t/n.aspx?a=1382

What can you do if Office product activation is refused?

If phone activation fails you can ask the same person for help though most likely it’s a mix-up with the activation code.

If you don’t get an activation code, Microsoft staff should explain why authorization can’t be given. If they can’t, then ask to speak to a supervisor. Try to find out exactly what the problem is and ask about further appeals process.

Resources to help you activate a license in Microsoft Office 2002-2007 programs - http://support.microsoft.com/kb/828958

 


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*****
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As computer scientists we are trained to communicate with the dumbest things in the world – computers –
so you’d think we’d be able to communicate quite well with people.
Prof. Doug Fisher

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Windows XP Command Prompt Commands

CommandDescriptionAppendThe append command can be used by programs to open files in another directory as if they were located in the current directory. The append command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP.ArpThe arp command is used to display or change entries in the ARP cache.AssocThe assoc command is used to display or change the file type associated with a particular file extension.AtThe at command is used to schedule commands and other programs to run at a specific date and time.AtmadmThe atmadm command is used to display information related to asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) connections on the system.AttribThe attrib command is used to change the attributes of a single file or a directory.BootcfgThe bootcfg command is used to build, modify, or view the contents of the boot.ini file, a hidden file that is used to identify in what folder, on which partition, and on which hard drive Windows is located.BreakThe break command sets or clears extended CTRL+C checking on DOS systems.CaclsThe cacls command is used to display or change access control lists of files.CallThe call command is used to run a script or batch program from within another script or batch program.CdThe cd command is the shorthand version of the chdir command.ChcpThe chcp command displays or configures the active code page number.ChdirThe chdir command is used to display the drive letter and folder that you are currently in. Chdir can also be used to change the drive and/or directory that you want to work in.ChkdskThe chkdsk command often referred to as check disk, is used to identify and correct certain hard drive errors.ChkntfsThe chkntfs command is used to configure or display the checking of the disk drive during the Windows boot process.CipherThe cipher command shows or changes the encryption status of files and folders on NTFS partitions.ClsThe cls command clears the screen of all previously entered commands and other text.CmdThe cmd command starts a new instance of the command interpreter.CmstpThe cmstp command installs or uninstalls a Connection Manager service profile.ColorThe color command is used to change the colors of the text and background within the Command Prompt window.CommandThe command command starts a new instance of the command.com command interpreter. The command command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP.CompThe comp command is used to compare the contents of two files or sets of files.CompactThe compact command is used to show or change the compression state of files and directories on NTFS partitions.ConvertThe convert command is used to convert FAT or FAT32 formatted volumes to the NTFS format.CopyThe copy command does simply that - it copies one or more files from one location to another.CscriptThe cscript command is used to execute scripts via Microsoft Script Host. The cscript command is most popularly used to manage printers from the command line in Windows XP using scripts like prncnfg.vbs, prndrvr.vbs, prnmngr.vbs, and others. Other popular scripts include eventquery.vbs and pagefileconfig.vbs.DateThe date command is used to show or change the current date.DebugThe debug command starts Debug, a command line application used to test and edit programs. The debug command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP.DefragThe defrag command is used to defragment a drive you specify. The defrag command is the command line version of Microsoft's Disk Defragmenter.DelThe del command is used to delete one or more files. The del command is the same as the erase command.DiantzThe diantz command is used to losslessly compress one or more files. The diantz command is sometimes called Cabinet Maker. The diantz command is the same as the makecab command.DirThe dir command is used to display a list of files and folders contained inside the folder that you are currently working in. The dir command also displays other important information like the hard drive's serial number, the total number of files listed, their combined size, the total amount of free space left on the drive, and more.DiskcompThe diskcomp command is used to compare the contents of two floppy disks.DiskcopyThe diskcopy command is used to copy the entire contents of one floppy disk to another.DiskpartThe diskpart command is used to create, manage, and delete hard drive partitions.DiskperfThe diskperf command is used to manage disk performance counters remotely.DoskeyThe doskey command is used to edit command lines, create macros, and recall previously entered commands.DosxThe dosx command is used to start DOS Protected Mode Interface (DPMI), a special mode designed to give MS-DOS applications access to more than the normally allowed 640 KB. The dosx command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP. The dosx command and DPMI is only available in Windows XP to support older MS-DOS programs.DriverqueryThe driverquery command is used to show a list of all installed drivers.EchoThe echo command is used to show messages, most commonly from within script or batch files. The echo command can also be used to turn the echoing feature on or off.EditThe edit command starts the MS-DOS Editor tool which is used to create and modify text files. The edit command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP.EdlinThe edlin command starts the Edlin tool which is used to create and modify text files from the command line. The edlin command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP.EndlocalThe endlocal command is used to end the localization of environment changes inside a batch or script file.EraseThe erase command is used to delete one or more files. The erase command is the same as the del command.EsentutlThe esentutl command is used to manage Extensible Storage Engine databases.EventcreateThe eventcreate command is used to create a custom event in an event log.EventtriggersThe eventtriggers command is used to configure and display event triggers.Exe2binThe exe2bin command is used to convert a file of the EXE file type (executable file) to a binary file. The exe2bin command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP.ExitThe exit command is used to end the Command Prompt session that you're currently working in.ExpandThe expand command is used to extract a single file or a group of files from a compressed file. The expand command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP.Extrac32The extrac32 command is used to extract the files and folders contained in Microsoft Cabinet (CAB) files. The extrac32 command is actually a CAB extraction program for use by Internet Explorer but can be used to extract any Microsoft Cabinet file. Use the expand command instead of the extrac32 command if possible.FastopenThe fastopen command is used to add a program's hard drive location to a special list stored in memory, potentially improving the program's launch time by removing the need for MS-DOS to locate the application on the drive. The fastopen command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP and is only available in 32-bit versions to support older MS-DOS files.FcThe fc command is used to compare two individual or sets of files and then show the differences between them.FindThe find command is used to search for a specified text string in one or more files.FindstrThe findstr command is used to find text string patterns in one or more files.FingerThe finger command is used to return information about one or more users on a remote computer that's running the Finger service.FltmcThe fltmc command is used to load, unload, list, and otherwise manage Filter drivers.ForThe for command is used to run a specified command for each file in a set of files. The for command is most often used within a batch or script file.ForcedosThe forcedos command is used to start the specified program in the MS-DOS subsystem. The forcedos command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP and is only available in 32-bit versions to support MS-DOS programs that are not recognized as such by Windows XP.FormatThe format command is used to format a drive in the file system that you specify. Drive formatting is also available from Disk Management in Windows XP.FsutilThe fsutil command is used to perform various FAT and NTFS file system tasks like managing to reparse points and sparse files, dismounting a volume and extending a volume.FtpThe ftp command can be used to transfer files to and from another computer over FTP. The remote computer must be operating as an FTP server.FtypeThe ftype command is used to define a default program to open a specified file type.GetmacThe getmac command is used to display the media access control (MAC) address of all the network controllers on a system.GotoThe goto command is used in a batch or script file to direct the command process to a labeled line in the script.GpresultThe gpresult command is used to display Group Policy settings.GpupdateThe gpupdate command is used to update Group Policy settings.GraftablThe graftabl command is used to enable the ability of Windows to display an extended character set in graphics mode. The graftabl command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP.GraphicsThe graphics command is used to load a program that can print graphics. The graphics command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP.HelpThe help command provides more detailed information on other Command Prompt commands.HostnameThe hostname command displays the name of the current host.IfThe if command is used to perform conditional functions in a batch file.IpconfigThe ipconfig command is used to display detailed IP information for each network adapter utilizing TCP/IP. The ipconfig command can also be used to release and renew IP addresses on systems configured to receive them via a DHCP server.IpxrouteThe ipxroute command is used to display and change information about IPX routing tables.Kb16The kb16 command is used to support MS-DOS files that need to configure a keyboard for a specific language. The kb16 command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP.LabelThe label command is used to manage the volume label of a disk.LoadfixThe loadfix command is used to load the specified program in the first 64K of memory and then runs the program. The loadfix command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP.LodctrThe lodctr command is used to update registry values related to performance counters.LogmanThe logman command is used to create and manage Event Trace Session and Performance logs. The logman command also supports many functions of Performance Monitor.LogoffThe logoff command is used to terminate a session.LpqThe lpq command displays the status of a print queue on a computer running Line Printer Daemon (LPD).LprThe lpr command is used to send a file to a computer running Line Printer Daemon (LPD).MakecabThe makecab command is used to losslessly compress one or more files. The makecab command is sometimes called Cabinet Maker. The makecab command is the same as the diantz command.MdThe md command is the shorthand version of the mkdir command.MemThe mem command shows information about used and free memory areas and programs that are currently loaded into memory in the MS-DOS subsystem. The mem command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP.MkdirThe mkdir command is used to create a new folder.ModeThe mode command is used to configure system devices, most often COM and LPT ports.MoreThe more command is used to display the information contained in a text file. The more command can also be used to paginate the results of any other Command Prompt command.MountvolThe mountvol command is used to display, create, or remove volume mount points.MoveThe move command is used to move one or files from one folder to another. The move command is also used to rename directories.MrinfoThe mrinfo command is used to provide information about a router's interfaces and neighbors.MsgThe msg command is used to send a message to a user.MsiexecThe msiexec command is used to start Windows Installer, a tool used to install and configure software.NbtstatThe nbtstat command is used to show TCP/IP information and other statistical information about a remote computer.NetThe net command is used to display, configure, and correct a wide variety of network settings.Net1The net1 command is used to display, configure, and correct a wide variety of network settings. The net command should be used instead of the net1 command. The net1 command was made available in versions of Windows before Windows XP as a temporary fix for a Y2K issue that the net command had, which was corrected before the release of Windows XP. The net1 command remains in Windows XP only for compatibility with older programs and scripts that utilized the command.NetshThe netsh command is used to start Network Shell, a command-line utility used to manage the network configuration of the local, or a remote, computer.NetstatThe netstat command is most commonly used to display all open network connections and listening ports.NlsfuncThe nlsfunc command is used to load information specific to a particular country or region. The nlsfunc command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP.NslookupThe nslookup command is most commonly used to display the hostname of an entered IP address. The nslookup command queries your configured DNS server to discover the IP address.NtbackupThe ntbackup command is used to perform various backup functions from the Command Prompt or from within a batch or script file.NtsdThe ntsd command is used to perform certain command line debugging tasks.OpenfilesThe openfiles command is used to display and disconnect open files and folders on a system.PathThe path command is used to display or set a specific path available to executable files.PathpingThe pathping command functions much like the tracert command but will also report information about network latency and loss at each hop.PauseThe pause command is used within a batch or script file to pause the processing of the file. When the pause command is used, a Press any key to continue... message displays in the command window.PentntThe pentnt command is used to detect floating point division errors in the Intel Pentium chip. The pentnt command is also used to enable floating point emulation and disable floating point hardware.PingThe ping command sends an Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) Echo Request message to a specified remote computer to verify IP-level connectivity.PopdThe popd command is used to change the current directory to the one most recently stored by the pushd command. The popd command is most often utilized from within a batch or script file.PowercfgThe powercfg command is used to manage the Windows power management settings from the command line.PrintThe print command is used to print a specified text file to a specified printing device.PromptThe prompt command is used to customize the appearance of the prompt text in Command Prompt.PushdThe pushd command is used to store a directory for use, most commonly from within a batch or script program.QappsrvThe qappsrv command is used to display all Remote Desktop Session Host servers available on the network.QprocessThe qprocess command is used to display information about running processes.QwinstaThe qwinsta command is used to display information about open Remote Desktop Sessions.RasautouThe rasautou command is used to manage Remote Access Dialer AutoDial addresses.RasdialThe rasdial command is used to start or end a network connection for a Microsoft client.RcpThe rcp command is used to copy files between a Windows computer and a system running the rshd daemon.RdThe rd command is the shorthand version of the rmdir command.RecoverThe recover command is used to recover readable data from a bad or defective disk.RegThe reg command is used to manage the Windows Registry from the command line. The reg command can perform common registry functions like adding registry keys, exporting the registry, etc.ReginiThe regini command is used to set or change registry permissions and registry values from the command line.Regsvr32The regsvr32 command is used to register a DLL file as a command component in the Windows Registry.RelogThe relog command is used to create new performance logs from data in existing performance logs.RemThe rem command is used to record comments or remarks in a batch or script file.RenThe ren command is the shorthand version of the rename command.RenameThe rename command is used to change the name of the individual file that you specify.ReplaceThe replace command is used to replace one or more files with one or more other files.ResetThe reset command, executed as reset session, is used to reset the session subsystem software and hardware to known initial values.RexecThe rexec command is used to run commands on remote computers running the rexec daemon.RmdirThe rmdir command is used to delete an existing and completely empty folder.RouteThe route command is used to manipulate network routing tables.RshThe rsh command is used to run commands on remote computers running the rsh daemon.RsmThe rsm command is used to manage media resources using Removable Storage.RunasThe runas command is used to execute a program using another user's credentials.RwinstaThe rwinsta command is the shorthand version of the reset session command.ScThe sc command is used to configure information about services. The sc command communicates with the Service Control Manager.SchtasksThe schtasks command is used to schedule specified programs or commands to run a certain times. The schtasks command can be used to create, delete, query, change, run, and end scheduled tasks.SdbinstThe sdbinst command is used to deploy customized SDB database files.SeceditThe secedit command is used to configure and analyze system security by comparing the current security configuration to a template.SetThe set command is used to enable or disable certain options in Command Prompt.SetlocalThe setlocal command is used to start the localization of environment changes inside a batch or script file.SetverThe setver command is used to set the MS-DOS version number that MS-DOS reports to a program. The setver command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP.SfcThe sfc command is used to verify and replace important Windows system files. The sfc command is also referred to as System File Checker and Windows Resource Checker.ShadowThe shadow command Is used to monitor another Remote Desktop Services session.ShareThe share command is used to install file locking and file sharing functions in MS-DOS. The share command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP and is only available in 32-bit versions to support older MS-DOS files.ShiftThe shift command is used to change the position of replaceable parameters in a batch or script file.ShutdownThe shutdown command can be used to shut down, restart, or log off the current system or a remote computer.SortThe sort command is used to read data from a specified input, sort that data, and return the results of that sort to the Command Prompt screen, a file, or another output device.StartThe start command is used to open a new command line window to run a specified program or command. The start command can also be used to start an application without creating a new window.SubstThe subst command is used to associate a local path with a drive letter. The subst command is a lot like the net use command except a local path is used instead of a shared network path.SysteminfoThe systeminfo command is used to display basic Windows configuration information for the local or a remote computer.TaskkillThe taskkill command is used to terminate a running task. The taskkill command is the command line equivalent of ending a process in Task Manager in Windows.TasklistDisplays a list of applications, services, and the Process ID (PID) currently running on either a local or a remote computer.TcmsetupThe tcmsetup command is used to setup or disable the Telephony Application Programming Interface (TAPI) client.TelnetThe telnet command is used to communicate with remote computers that use the Telnet protocol.TftpThe tftp command is used to transfer files to and from a remote computer that's running the Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) service or daemon.TimeThe time command is used to show or change the current time.TitleThe title command is used to set the Command Prompt window title.TlntadmnThe tlntadmn command is used to administer a local or remote computer running Telnet Server.TracerptThe tracerpt command is used to process event trace logs or real-time data from instrumented event trace providers.TracertThe tracert command is used to show details about the path that a packet takes to a specified destination.TreeThe tree command is used to graphically display the folder structure of a specified drive or path.TsconThe tscon command is used to attach a user session to a Remote Desktop session.TsdisconThe tsdiscon command is used to disconnect a Remote Desktop session.TskillThe tskill command is used to end the specified process.TsshutdnThe tsshutdn command is used to remotely shut down or restart a terminal server.TypeThe type command is used to display the information contained in a text file.TypeperfThe typeperf command displays performance data in the Command Prompt window or writes the data to specified log file.UnlodctrThe unlodctr command removes Explain text and Performance counter names for a service or device driver from the Windows Registry.VerThe ver command is used to display the current Windows version.VerifyThe verify command is used to enable or disable the ability of Command Prompt to verify that files are written correctly to a disk.VolThe vol command shows the volume label and serial number of a specified disk, assuming this information exists.VssadminThe vssadmin command starts the Volume Shadow Copy Service administrative command line tool which displays current volume shadow copy backups and all installed shadow copy writers and providers.W32tmThe w32tm command is used to diagnose issues with Windows Time.WmicThe wmic command starts the Windows Management Instrumentation Command line (WMIC), a scripting interface that simplifies the use of Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) and systems managed via WMI.XcopyThe xcopy command can copy one or more files or directory trees from one location to another.
Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

fuwn / xp Public

Although Microsoft does not support Windows XP updates any more, I’m sure there are still many users using it due to their personal habits or job demands. Therefore XP’s product keys may be necessary even now, and 8cy provided you with the most comprehensive Windows XP product keys here, just in order to provide some convenience.

The following CD-KEYs are official and original from Microsoft, mainly used for Windows XP Professional Service Pack 2/3 VOL/VLK system images which are the easiest ones to find on the Internet. Their biggest advantage is your Windows XP will be activated after using these CD-KEYs to complete installation.

// Windows XP Pro Product Keys //

SP3 VOL

M6TF9-8XQ2M-YQK9F-7TBB2-XGG88

SP3 VOL

MRX3F-47B9T-2487J-KWKMF-RPWBY

SP3 VOL

QC986-27D34-6M3TY-JJXP9-TBGMD

SP3 VLK

TQMCY-42MBK-3R4YG-478KD-7FY3M

SP3 VOL

  • CM3HY-26VYW-6JRYC-X66GX-JVY2D
  • DP7CM-PD6MC-6BKXT-M8JJ6-RPXGJ
  • F4297-RCWJP-P482C-YY23Y-XH8W3
  • HH7VV-6P3G9-82TWK-QKJJ3-MXR96
  • HCQ9D-TVCWX-X9QRG-J4B2Y-GR2TT
  • K2CXT-C6TPX-WCXDP-RMHWT-V4TDT
  • QHYXK-JCJRX-XXY8Y-2KX2X-CCXGD
  • MFBF7-2CK8B-93MDB-8MR7T-4QRCQ
  • 2QQ6J-HGXY3-VGH23-HYQDC-BYR2D
  • CM3HY-26VYW-6JRYC-X66GX-JVY2D
  • T72KM-6GWBP-GX7TD-CXFT2-7WT2B

SP3 VLK

  • DG8FV-B9TKY-FRT9J-6CRCC-XPQ4G
  • RFYPJ-BKXH2-26FWP-WB6MT-CYH2Y
  • 7HPVP-8VHPV-G7CQ3-BTK2R-TDRF3
  • DG8FV-B9TKY-FRT9J-6CRCC-XPQ4G
  • CXGDD-GP2B2-RKWWD-HG3HY-VDJ7J
  • RK7J8-2PGYQ-P47VV-V6PMB-F6XPQ
  • T44H2-BM3G7-J4CQR-MPDRM-BWFWM
  • XW6Q2-MP4HK-GXFK3-KPGG4-GM36T

SP3 VOL MSDN

MRX3F-47B9T-2487J-KWKMF-RPWBY

SP3 HP

P2BXT-D7Y8P-F6WF2-HYXY9-49TJD

SP3 OEM SONY

K7RGC-CDXYJ-FTYH2-Y3VVV-KBYC7

SP3 IBM

TW8WB-MKT89-FRD3V-H6CGJ-6JW83

ACER

KDD3G-HGVGM-M24P4-6BMMY-9XHF8

DELL

KG7G9-67KHV-4FQKV-4DYXK-BHQTJ

LENOVO

VF4HT-MPWB8-TWV6R-K6QM4-W6JCM

SP3 OEM THTF

M68XC-TX2C9-PKK8H-GP8JH-RC8XB

SP3 OEM COMPAQ

KYKVX-86GQG-2MDY9-F6J9M-K42BQ

FUJITSU OEM

C873T-F3X3M-9F6TR-J26GM-YTKKD

Pro SP3 OEM FOUNDER

F4G2M-BH2JF-GTGJW-W82HY-VMRRQ

Home SP3 OEM FOUNDER

K72PX-D96QW-RCHB9-3P96F-YQBCY

Home OEM Haier

GYFDM-KCXHW-6GFGQ-JQ9FH-B4TRY

SP2 OEM HP

P2BXT-D7Y8P-F6WF2-HYXYP-49TJD

Home OEM

JQ4T4-8VM63-6WFBK-KTT29-V8966

Home Retail

RH6M6-7PPK4-YR86H-YFFFX-PW8M8

Media Center

  • C4BH3-P4J7W-9MT6X-PGKC8-J4JTM
  • B2Y39-43MG6-MMGRG-7VKCF-VXMCM

Professional Corp

XP8BF-F8HPF-PY6BX-K24PJ-TWT6M

Professional OEM

XJM6Q-BQ8HW-T6DFB-Y934T-YD4YT

Professional Retail

CD87T-HFP4C-V7X7H-8VY68-W7D7M

Professional SP2 VOL

CCMWP-99T99-KCY96-FGKBW-F9WJT

Plus!

DMC3M-2PD9R-9F8RY-KCKYC-JPXWM

Windows Server 2003 VOL

KJTHV-V4BVY-6R9JK-YJM7X-X7FDY

Office 2003 VOL

GWH28-DGCMP-P6RC4-6J4MT-3HFDY

SP3

  • V2C47-MK7JD-3R89F-D2KXW-VPK3J
  • T7C4Q-47VGM-R7J6B-VPJ84-JPJ93
  • FY32F-XF3B6-277BF-YWBQF-GVRX3
  • XBC76-H7RCG-KQPKH-QK8PT-7D789
  • VQP4F-V47P8-BBDXK-R7K9Q-B42BB
  • TBHJK-W4DPH-9D267-H93VR-WMXQJ
  • JBH94-K6WKQ-YHTD6-XJFV9-WJP7Y
  • C626F-H4CCJ-PWR8R-2RB9K-3G3HD
  • HRCXT-BY6WB-VBM83-CMBXF-BVWYY
  • W733W-GWPGB-37X4T-BRD7P-JVT2D
  • VHBCM-H2YTW-TCYRR-QFTV6-XQQBG
  • XGVKJ-C8FB2-9GXXF-7DTG4-RYXFB
  • BMR29-HX9Y6-X6GTX-GKGGX-K8VV6
  • RHGJC-9CPJC-8M8F6-KYXCP-FRGC6
  • J3GMD-RMM3Q-HKC62-TV8Y8-246Q3
  • 9HFGJ-KERJT-IOQ73-8YR78-93UT5
  • JKJIF-YUQEW-786DM-NBDSH-GUIRE
  • TQ23P-98R87-89340-83QOI-WEJF8
  • DFHNG-RGTFR-89T57-6983P-UROFD
  • SJHGL-IUWRT-89023-48HR4–U4938
  • WHTKJL-RDHF8-7TG64-5ES42-76RY4
  • 23YU7-65RK0-HEVJK-SDAGI-OP265

SP2

  • KLSDJ-FERIO-UT843-U8JF8-43Y84
  • 93UJF-KDSIU-YT78Y-SDKJF-IOEWJ
  • FIOSD-FUHY7-ERTY7-843UR-OEJFK
  • DSHFG-8734Y-78927-4932J-FKJSD
  • FVHER-UIYT7-84358-93047-48294
  • 2307T-78436-YKJDF-SLHNV-JKSDH
  • JKSDH-FGSDH-FKJSD-MNF32-98784
  • 79Y5F-I34QY-65784-30UJR-DKSDG
  • OUI8W-Y3458-7934R-UREJG-KPWER
  • UIT89-0432U-Y0UTD-JSMCF-KLASD
  • HIUWE-Y4I78-34U5T-98234-U782T

Unknown

  • JJWKH-7M9R8-26VM4-FX8CC-GDPD8
  • Q3R8Y-MP9KD-3M6KB-383YB-7PK9Q
  • QB2BW-8PJ2D-9X7JK-BCCRT-D233Y
  • FCKGW-RHQQ2-YXRKT-8TG6W-2B7Q8
  • F6PGG-4YYDJ-3FF3T-R328P-3BXTG
  • FM9FY-TMF7Q-KCKCT-V9T29-TBBBG
  • RK7J8-2PGYQ-4P7VL-V6PMB-F6XPQ
  • KWT78-4D939-MRKK9-64W8C-CPF33
  • BJXGH-4TG7P-F9PRP-K6FJD-JQMPM
  • RBDC9-VTRC8-D7972-J97JY-PRVMG
  • DW3CF-D7KYR-KMR6C-3X7FX-T8CVM
  • MQPD6-C748R-FMRV6-8C3QK-79THJ
  • DTWB2-VX8WY-FG8R3-X696T-66Y46
  • DW87C-76RXP-LLK6C-3FJ2J-2908F

SP2 VOL

  • B66VY-4D94T-TPPD4-43F72-8X4FY
  • VCFQD-V9FX9-46WVH-K3CD4-4J3JM

SP2 VOL

WBD2T-3V7TW-GWJW6-HC6CK-R7MBJ

SP2 VOL

WPH7P-DQMY8-97MWQ-Y26V7-3C4HM

SP2 VOL

  • M4733-B8WX6-G999M-P3YR6-TDYVM
  • PFC3B-RTB4W-F3Q44-JWQQR-447BB

SP2 VOL

HH7VV-6P3G9-82TWK-QKJJ3-MXR96

SP2 VOL

F4297-RCWJP-P482C-YY23Y-XH8W3

SP2 VOL

MRX3F-47B9T-2487J-KWKMF-RPWBY

SP2 VOL

QC986-27D34-6M3TY-JJXP9-TBGMD

SP2 VOL

  • C4FPJ-HQCGP-QD3XC-2JF34-FT8Y6
  • CH6BH-G7PCX-KTM8K-WRKBD-HC7TW
  • M4676-2VW7F-6BCVH-9QPBF-QBRBM
  • DW3CF-D7KYR-KMR6C-3X7FX-T8CVM
  • 7FMM3-W4FMP-4WRXX-BKDRT-7HG48
  • B2RBK-7KPT9-4JP6X-QQFWM-PJD6G
  • DM8R3-3VBXF-F7JRX-FJ7P4-YD3HM
  • FCKGW-RHQQ2-YXRKT-8TG6W-2B7Q8
  • TCP8W-T8PQJ-WWRRH-QH76C-99FBW
  • CKY24-Q8QRH-X3KMR-C6BCY-T847Y
  • RBDC9-VTRC8-D7972-J97JY-PRVMG
  • R3MGD-3H6HQ-RDRCR-KJXTM-3C8JW

SP2 VOL

R7Q3G-CHTW9-CCQV9-G7DX6-RVTDY

SP2 VOL

DRYCH-Q9RY7-YH62D-K98QM-KCGQ8

SP2 VOL

  • DQ3PG-2PTGJ-43FP2-RPRKB-QBYRY
  • DQ3PG-2PTGJ-43FP2-RPRKB-QBYRY
  • BXDQR-2KCR9-2VMJK-WDW94-PH2PB
  • HC47V-BMGVC-MWB4X-KJTTD-RMH4Y
  • BRC43-2CBV7-TCB9W-WHRGP-39XWM
  • BMHW2-GR289-D3PR9-JQF6P-YPQJM
  • DB8YF-HTGKP-6C948-3BHYD-PH2PB

These may work, but the following is recommended after installation:

  • Don't be connected to the internet until you do the following step.
  • Follow this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nTL2c6FSO68 (The person editing this assumes you have another device because GitHub probably doesn't work on XP)
  • Check activation again.
  • JT42G-DDBCX-WTDMB-8WCT2-JGGH8
  • V7BWD-G9YR6-9FG87-8Q2HV-YJGTG
  • PW6PT-TCGBR-HKTCT-GKKY6-QGK86
  • MT8JF-T82RK-R6C82-3YGHH-224PP
  • G7BR9-8QV29-3QFHP-F84WG-X9PYQ
  • XYRYX-XCG6K-W7PK8-2CTQQ-86DWR
  • VTYH4-P88R2-MW38B-Q62KT-48F7Y
  • MY7CJ-VQWBC-36JWH-6CJ37-TQVHC
  • XMCM6-DKYCQ-2BHQH-4PCHR-TBJCR

// What’s VOL and VLK //

VOL (short for Volume Licensing for Organizations, AKA: VL), any Windows OS setup CD/DVD or image file with “VOL” word, that indicates it is one of the licensed Windows copies. And the most important point thing is – according to the regulations of VOL plans, VOL licensed products don’t need to activate at all.

VLK (short for Volume Licensing Key) does refer to the product key required in the VOL edition’s deployment rather than the edition name. And it’s only suitable for VOL edition with the only effect – prove the product is legal, licensed under VOL.

According to the license agreement, the product keys for retail edition of XP can only be used on one PC, but the ones for VOL edition can be supplied for more PCs to use. Second, there is another important difference, the retail edition of XP needs to activate, yet VOLs don’t have this concept totally. Last, VOL edition of XP doesn’t have the Home Edition, and its function is exactly the same with the Professional Edition.

// Prompts //

Before installing Windows XP, do not forget to record the serial numbers on a piece of paper or use your smartphone to shoot it down!

All Rights Reserved © AppNee Freeware Group.

Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

Installation of Windows XP

This chapter is from the book 

Product Activation, or Microsoft Product Activation (MPA) as it has become known, was not exactly a welcome addition in Windows XP. It was, however, not introduced in Windows XP, as it existed in late versions of Office 2000, all versions of Office XP, and Visio 2002. MPA works to stop casual copying of software by tying the hardware profile of a computer to software installation.

In the next sections, we are going to take a in-depth look at Product Activation, including the different activation scenarios that exist, how Product Activation works including what information it transmits to Microsoft, and how Product Activation will affect you.

When dealing with Product Activation, there are three scenarios that can occur. Without exception, you should fall into one of these three scenarios:

  • Retail box purchases

  • OEM installations

  • Volume licensing

Retail Box Purchases

Retail box purchases of Windows XP Professional present the most complex and confusing situation when it comes to dealing with Product Activation. Product Activation depends on submission of the Installation ID to Microsoft. The Installation ID is a unique number generated from two different pieces of information about a computer: the Product ID number and a hardware hash. The Installation ID has been designed to ensure anonymity in that no personally identifying information is ever transmitted to Microsoft. Instead, the Installation ID serves to deter and prevent software piracy by preventing installations of Windows XP Professional that violate its license.

The Product ID uniquely identifies one and only one copy of Windows XP Professional, and is created from the Product Key used during the installation of Windows XP. Each retail copy of Windows XP Professional has a unique Product Key, and thus every Product ID generated from a valid Product Key is also unique. Additionally, as in the past, the Product ID is used by Microsoft for support calls. You can view your Product ID (see Figure 3.28) by looking at the General tab of the System applet in the Control Panel (alternatively, you can access this applet by right-clicking on My Computer and selecting Properties from the context menu).

Figure 3.28Figure 3.28 Viewing the Product ID.

Product Keys and Product IDs

The practice of using Product Keys and Product IDs is not new to Windows XP. Microsoft, like many other software vendors, has been using Product Keys for many years to license software. Likewise, the practice of using a Product ID to validate an installed product has been around for a while as well.

The hardware hash is an eight-byte value that is created by taking information from 10 different components inside the computer and running this information through a mathematical calculation. The hash process is one-way and thus this information cannot be reverse-engineered to yield any specific details about the computer from which it was obtained. The hardware hash also only uses a portion of each individual component hash value, thus further increasing user anonymity and preventing Microsoft from collecting any personally identifying information during the process of implementing Product Activation. Hardware hashes will be discussed at greater length in the "How Product Activation Works" section later in this chapter.

OEM Installations

A large majority of users acquire Windows XP Professional in the process of purchasing a new computer. For these customers, since Windows XP Professional is pre-loaded onto the new computer already, no activation will be required by the consumer. OEMs can pre- activate Windows XP Professional as part of the setup and configuration process before the new computer ever leaves the manufacturer. The overwhelming majority of new computers that feature Windows XP Professional will be pre-activated by the OEM before shipping. The chief difference between how OEMs license Windows XP Professional comes in how they choose to implement Product Activation.

System Locked Pre-installation

Many OEM computers come with a system restore CD-ROM that allows the user to perform a complete reinstallation or repair of the installed software components, including the operating system. In this way a specific CD-ROM can be tied to a specific system BIOS, thus preventing the CD from being used to install Windows on any other computer. Although OEM CD BIOS locking is not new, it has been expanded and now features integrated Product Activation. This method of protecting the software product is called System Locked Pre-installation, or SLP.

When SLP is implemented, the information stored in the BIOS is what protects against casual piracy such as installing the product on another computer. No communication is required with the Microsoft activation center, and thus the hardware hash value is required to be calculated. This form of Product Activation relies entirely on the BIOS information matching the SLP information at boot time. Since no hardware hash is calculated, you could thus change out every piece of hardware in the OEM computer without the need for reactivation of Windows XP Professional. In cases where the motherboard must be replaced, this could also be done without reactivation as long as the replacement motherboard was from the same OEM and contained the proper BIOS. Should a different motherboard be installed in the OEM computer that has non-matching BIOS information, the Windows XP Professional installation would then require reactivation within 30 days via the Internet or telephone call.

Using Standard Product Activation

If desired, an OEM can also activate a Windows XP Professional installation in the same way that retail purchase versions are activated. OEM computer installations activated using the standard Product Activation methods have all of the same restrictions that retail purchase versions of Windows XP Professional do.

No OEM Product Activation

Some OEMs may choose to not activate Windows XP Professional at all. New OEM computers that are purchased which fall under this category will require Product Activation by the consumer using the standard Product Activation methods, either via the Internet or by telephone call to Microsoft.

Volume Licensing

The simplest of all scenarios occurs when dealing with Windows XP Professional licenses acquired through one of the Microsoft volume licensing agreements, such as Microsoft Open License, Enterprise Agreement, or Select License. Such installations will not require activation.

Windows XP Professional installations that are performed using volume licensing media and volume licensing keys (VLK) have no Product Activation, hardware checking, or limitations on product installation or disk imaging.

How Product Activation Works

As mentioned previously, the hardware hash and the Product ID are the two parts that make up the Installation ID. The Product ID is directly tied to the Product Key that is supplied with the Windows XP Professional retail product. OEMs will usually supply the Product Key with media they ship with new computers. Of the Product ID and the hardware hash, only the hardware hash truly identifies a particular computer—enough so for Product Activation's purposes anyhow. Thus, the hardware hash is of some concern to us, as it ultimately controls how Product Activation functions and whether or not activation is required on an installation.

Table 3.1 lists the hardware components that are utilized in calculating the hardware hash and the length of the data (in bits) that makes up the hardware hash. The hardware hash value is comprised of two 32-bit double words, for a total of 64 bits (or eight bytes) worth of data.

Table 3.1 Hardware Hash Components

Component

Length of Hash Value (in Bits)

Volume serial number

10

Network adapter MAC address

10

CD-ROM/DVD-ROM/CD-RW identifier

7

Graphics display adapter

5

Amount of installed RAM (various ranges)

3

CPU type

3

CPU serial number

6

Hard drive serial number

7

SCSI controller serial number

5

IDE controller serial number

4

Docking capability

1

Hardware hash version (version of algorithm used)

3


The first four components make up the first double word value, with the rest of the list making up the second double word value. With the exception of amount of installed RAM and the hardware hash version, all other values are calculated using selected bits of an MD5 hash.

The value for a docking-capable computer also includes PCMCIA cards, as using either a docking station or PCMCIA cards can lead to hardware appearing and disappearing. This can lead to the appearance of devices being changed when they are simply not present at that time—such as when a portable computer is undocked.

The possible values for the installed RAM value are listed in Table 3.2. As of the time of writing, the hardware hash value is always set to a value of 001 decimal, which is a hex value of 0x01. If a component is not installed, such as a SCSI host adapter, then the value returned in the hardware hash will be a zero value.

Hex, Huh?

Hexadecimal, or more commonly Hex, uses the numbers 0–9 and the letters A–F to form a base-16 numbering system. The 0x in front of a Hex value simply notates it as a Hexadecimal value.

For a great primer on Hexadecimal numbering, see the Intuitor Hexadecimal Headquarters located at http://www.intuitor.com/hex/.

Table 3.2 RAM Amounts and Corresponding Hash Values

Amount of RAM Installed

Value

Less than 32MB

1

32MB–63MB

2

64MB–127MB

3

128MB–255MB

4

256MB–511MB

5

512MB–1023MB

6

More than 1023MB

7


As an example, the processor serial number is 96 bits in length. When Product Activation performs the hash calculation on that 96-bit value, it returns a 128-bit long value. Of these 128 bits in the hash value, only six bits of data is actually used in the hardware hash value that forms part of the Installation ID.

Six bits provides 64 different combinations (2^6), thus for the millions of computers in existence, only 64 possible processor hash values are possible. As only a fraction of the original data is used in the Product Activation calculation, the data cannot be reverse engineered, as previously mentioned. The processor serial number can never be determined from these six bits of data; the same holds true for all of the other components that Product Activation performs hashes on. In this way, the hardware hash has purposely been designed by Microsoft to ensure the user's privacy is respected at all times.

Perfect Privacy?

Although Microsoft has gone to great lengths to ensure that your private information stays private at all times, no process is perfect, and Product Activation is no exception. For more alternative views on the security of Product Activation, see the Fully Licensed FAQ on Product Activation at http://www.licenturion.com/xp/fully-licensed-faq.txt.

During the installation of Windows XP Professional, the hardware hash is calculated. This eight bytes of data, when combined with the Product ID (nine bytes) makes up the Installation ID. When Product Activation is conducted via the Internet, this seventeen bytes of data is sent to the Microsoft activation servers in binary format, along with header information, over a secure sockets (SSL) connection.

The activation process requires three steps when completed over the Internet:

  1. A handshake request, which establishes the connection between the Windows XP Professional computer and the Microsoft activation servers.

  2. A license request, in which the Windows XP Professional computer asks for a PKCS10 digital certificate from the Microsoft activation servers.

  3. An acknowledgement request, in which the Microsoft activation servers transmit a signed digital certificate activating the installation.

If the Internet activation succeeds then Product Activation is complete and will not again become an issue unless you exceed the maximum number of allowed changes, as detailed in the "Number of Changeable Items" section.

Should Internet activation not be feasible or desirable, telephone activation is possible as outlined in the following process.

  1. Locate the appropriate telephone number by selecting the country from which you are calling.

  2. Provide the 50 decimal digit Installation ID to the Microsoft representative.

  3. Enter in the corresponding 42 decimal digit Confirmation ID as supplied by the Microsoft representative.

NOTE

For more information on Product Activation, including how the hardware hash values are calculated for each hardware component, see the Fully Licensed Web site at http://www.licenturion.com/xp/.

Number of Changeable Items

Once Windows XP Professional has been activated, the hardware hash will be rechecked at every user logon event. This serves to reduce another prevalent form of software piracy—that of disk cloning. Disk cloning is an asset to administrators looking to quickly deploy multiple copies of Windows XP Professional, but is illegal without having the required Product Keys. In most legal cases, disk cloning is done using a volume license copy of Windows XP Professional using a Volume License Key, which does not require Product Activation in the first place.

When Windows XP Professional performs its hardware check, it is looking for changes in the hardware configuration of the computer. If a substantially different configuration is detected then reactivation is required. The actual number of components that will result in a reactivation scenario is discussed shortly. The hardware check at login is done after the SLP BIOS check should the SLP BIOS check fail. As long as an OEM computer is using a genuine replacement motherboard from the OEM containing the correct BIOS data, all other components in an OEM computer activated using the SLP BIOS method can be changed out without requiring reactivation of Windows XP Professional.

The number of hardware items that it takes to achieve "substantially different" (in Microsoft speak) is dependent upon two things: whether or not the computer has a network adapter at the time of Windows XP activation, and whether or not the computer is dockable (this also includes the presence of PCMCIA slots), as outlined in Table 3.3.

Table 3.3 Number of Changed Components to Require Reactivation

Network Adapter Status

Docking Capability

Number of Changed Components to Require Reactivation

None installed at the time of Windows XP activation

No

4 or more

Installed at the time of Windows XP activation and subsequently changed

No

4 or more

Installed at the time of Windows XP activation and not changed

No

6 or more

None installed at the time of Windows XP activation

Yes

7 or more

Installed at the time of Windows XP activation and subsequently changed

Yes

7 or more

Installed at the time of Windows XP activation and not changed

Yes

9 or more


To help explain Table 3.3, a couple scenarios might be helpful.

  1. A computer has a network adapter installed at the time of Windows XP Professional activation. You later change the motherboard, CPU, video adapter, and CD-ROM drive. Additionally, you add more memory and a second hard drive.

  2. Reactivation is not required in this instance because only five components have been changed: motherboard, CPU, video adapter, CD-ROM and RAM (amount). The addition of a second hard drive is not of significance to Product Activation. If you were to change six or more hardware components, reactivation would be required.

  3. A computer has no network adapter installed at the time of Windows XP Professional activation. You later change the motherboard, CPU, video adapter, and CD-ROM drive. Additionally, you add more memory and a second hard drive.

  4. Reactivation is required in this instance because five components have been changed: motherboard, CPU, video adapter, CD-ROM, and RAM (amount). When you change four or more hardware components, reactivation is required.

If a single device is changed repeatedly, such as a video adapter that is changed from the original one to new adapter A then later to new adapter B, this is evaluated only as one change. Either the current hardware is the same as when activation was completed or it's not. Windows XP doesn't care how many changes have been made in the interim. Adding components after activation that were not present at the time of activation also has no impact on the hardware hash and is ignored by Windows XP Professional during its check to determine whether reactivation is necessary. Microsoft has also built in two additional loopholes into Product Activation for power users who frequently reinstall Windows XP Professional or who frequently change the hardware configuration of their computers. Windows XP Professional can be reinstalled and subsequently reactivated on the same computer an infinite number of times. In cases where the hardware configuration has changed enough to require reactivation, Microsoft allows a maximum of four reactivations per year on "substantially different" hardware—this should be enough to keep most power users happy as they continually tweak their systems. Both of these reactivation events can occur over the Internet instead of requiring a phone call.

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Windows XP Command Prompt Commands

CommandDescriptionAppendThe append command can be used by programs to open files in another directory as if they were located in the current directory. The append command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP.ArpThe arp command is used to display or change entries in the ARP cache.AssocThe assoc command is used to display or change the file type associated with a particular file Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate) at command is used to schedule commands and other programs to run at a specific date and time.AtmadmThe atmadm command is used to display information related to asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) connections on the system.AttribThe attrib command is used to change the attributes of a single file or a directory.BootcfgThe bootcfg command is used to build, modify, Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate), or view the contents of the boot.ini file, a hidden file that is used to identify in what folder, on which partition, and on which hard drive Windows is located.BreakThe break command sets or clears extended CTRL+C checking on DOS systems.CaclsThe cacls command is used to display or change access control lists of files.CallThe call command is used to run a script or batch Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate) from within another script or batch program.CdThe cd command is the shorthand version of the chdir command.ChcpThe chcp command displays or configures the active code page number.ChdirThe chdir command is used to display the drive letter Jogos de Física de Graça para Baixar folder that you are currently in. Chdir can also be used to change the drive and/or directory that you want to work in.ChkdskThe chkdsk command often referred to as check disk, is used to identify and correct certain hard drive errors.ChkntfsThe chkntfs command is used to configure or display the checking of the disk drive during the Windows boot Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate) cipher command shows or changes the encryption status of files and folders on NTFS partitions.ClsThe cls command clears the screen of all previously entered commands and other text.CmdThe cmd command starts a new instance of the command interpreter.CmstpThe cmstp command installs or uninstalls a Connection Manager service profile.ColorThe color command is used to change the colors of the text and background within the Command Prompt window.CommandThe command command starts a new instance of the command.com command interpreter. The command command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP.CompThe comp command is used to compare the contents of two files or sets of files.CompactThe compact command is used to show or change the compression state of files and directories on NTFS partitions.ConvertThe convert command is used to convert FAT or FAT32 formatted volumes to the NTFS format.CopyThe copy command does simply that - it copies one or more files from one location to another.CscriptThe cscript command is used to execute scripts via Microsoft Script Host. The cscript command is most popularly used to manage printers from the command line in Windows XP using scripts like prncnfg.vbs, prndrvr.vbs, prnmngr.vbs, and others. Other popular scripts include eventquery.vbs and pagefileconfig.vbs.DateThe date command is used to show or change the current date.DebugThe debug command starts Debug, a command line application used to test and edit programs. The debug command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP.DefragThe defrag command is used to defragment a drive you specify. The defrag command is the command line version of Microsoft's Disk Defragmenter.DelThe del command is used to delete one or more files. The del command is the same as the erase command.DiantzThe diantz command is used to losslessly compress one or more files. The diantz command is sometimes called Cabinet Maker. The diantz command is the same as the makecab command.DirThe dir command is used to display a list of files and folders contained inside the folder that you are currently working in. The dir command also displays other important information like the hard drive's serial number, Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate), the total number of files listed, their combined size, the total amount of free space left on the drive, Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate), and more.DiskcompThe diskcomp command is used to compare the contents of two floppy disks.DiskcopyThe diskcopy command is used to copy the entire contents of one floppy disk to another.DiskpartThe diskpart command is used to create, manage, and delete hard drive partitions.DiskperfThe diskperf command is used to manage disk performance counters remotely.DoskeyThe doskey command is used to edit command lines, create macros, and recall previously entered commands.DosxThe dosx command is used to start DOS Protected Mode Interface (DPMI), a special mode designed to give MS-DOS applications access to more than the normally allowed 640 KB. The dosx command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP. The dosx command and DPMI is only available in Windows XP to support older MS-DOS programs.DriverqueryThe driverquery command is used to show a list of all installed drivers.EchoThe echo command is used to show messages, most commonly from within script or batch files. The echo command can also be used to turn the echoing feature on or off.EditThe edit command starts the MS-DOS Editor tool which is used to create and modify text files. The edit command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP.EdlinThe edlin command starts the Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate) tool which is used to create and modify text files from the command line. The edlin command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP.EndlocalThe endlocal command is used to end the localization of environment changes inside a batch or script file.EraseThe erase command is used to delete one or more files. The erase command is the same as the del command.EsentutlThe esentutl command is used to manage Extensible Storage Engine databases.EventcreateThe eventcreate command is used to create a custom event in an event log.EventtriggersThe eventtriggers command is used to configure and display event triggers.Exe2binThe exe2bin command is used to convert a file of the EXE file type (executable file) to a binary file. The exe2bin command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP.ExitThe exit command is used to end the Command Prompt session that you're currently working in.ExpandThe expand command is used to extract a single file or a group of files from a compressed file. The expand command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP.Extrac32The extrac32 command is used to extract the files and folders contained in Microsoft Cabinet (CAB) files. The extrac32 command is actually a CAB extraction program for use by Internet Explorer but can be used to extract any Microsoft Cabinet file, Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate). Use the expand command instead of the extrac32 command if possible.FastopenThe fastopen command is used to add a program's hard drive location to a special list stored in memory, potentially improving the program's launch time by removing the need for MS-DOS to locate the application on the drive. The fastopen command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP and is only available in 32-bit versions to support older MS-DOS files.FcThe fc command is used to compare two individual or sets of files and then show the differences between them.FindThe find command is used to search for a specified text string in one or more files.FindstrThe findstr command is used to find text string patterns in one or more files.FingerThe finger command is used to return information about one or more users on a remote computer that's running the Finger service.FltmcThe fltmc command is used to load, unload, list, Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate), and otherwise manage Filter drivers.ForThe for command is used to run a specified command for each file in a set of files. The for command is most often used within a batch or script file.ForcedosThe forcedos command is used to start the specified program in the MS-DOS subsystem. The forcedos command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP and is only available in 32-bit versions to support MS-DOS programs that are not recognized as such by Windows XP.FormatThe format command is used to format a drive in the file system that you specify. Drive formatting is also available from Disk Management in Windows XP.FsutilThe fsutil command is used to perform various FAT and NTFS file system tasks like managing to reparse points and sparse files, dismounting a volume and extending a volume.FtpThe ftp command can be used to transfer files to and from another computer over FTP. The remote computer must be operating as an FTP server.FtypeThe ftype command is used to define a default program to open a specified file type.GetmacThe getmac command is used to display the media access control (MAC) address of all the network controllers on a system.GotoThe goto command is used in a batch or script file to direct the command process to a labeled line in the script.GpresultThe gpresult command is used to display Group Policy settings.GpupdateThe gpupdate command is used to update Group Policy settings.GraftablThe graftabl command is used to enable the ability of Windows to display an Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate) character set in graphics mode. The graftabl command is Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate) available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP.GraphicsThe graphics command is used to load a program that can print graphics. The graphics command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP.HelpThe help command provides more detailed information on other Command Prompt commands.HostnameThe hostname command displays the name of the current host.IfThe if command is used to perform conditional functions in a batch file.IpconfigThe ipconfig command is used to display detailed IP information for each network adapter utilizing TCP/IP. The ipconfig command can also be used to release and renew IP addresses on systems configured to receive them via a DHCP server.IpxrouteThe ipxroute command is used to display and change information about IPX routing tables.Kb16The kb16 command is used to support MS-DOS files that need to configure a keyboard for a specific language. The kb16 command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP.LabelThe label command is used to manage the volume label of a disk.LoadfixThe loadfix command is used to load the specified program in the first 64K of memory and then runs the program. The loadfix command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP.LodctrThe lodctr command is used to update registry values related to performance counters.LogmanThe logman command is used to create and manage Event Trace Session and Performance logs. The logman command also supports many functions of Performance Monitor.LogoffThe logoff command is used to terminate a session.LpqThe lpq command displays the status of a print queue on a computer running Line Printer Daemon (LPD).LprThe lpr command is used to send Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate) file to a computer running Line Printer Daemon (LPD).MakecabThe makecab command is used to losslessly compress one or more files. The makecab command is sometimes called Cabinet Maker. The makecab command is the same as the diantz command.MdThe md command is the shorthand version of the mkdir command.MemThe mem command shows information about used and free memory areas and programs that are currently loaded into memory in the MS-DOS subsystem. The mem command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP.MkdirThe mkdir command is used to create a new folder.ModeThe mode command is used to configure system devices, most often COM and LPT ports.MoreThe more command is used to display the information contained in a text file. The more command can also be used to paginate the results of any other Command Prompt command.MountvolThe mountvol command is used to display, create, or remove volume mount points.MoveThe move command is used to move one or files from one folder to another, Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate). The move command is also used to rename directories.MrinfoThe mrinfo command is used to provide information about a router's interfaces and neighbors.MsgThe msg command is used to send a Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate) to a user.MsiexecThe msiexec command is used to start Windows Installer, a tool used to install and configure software.NbtstatThe nbtstat command is used to show TCP/IP information and other statistical information about a remote computer.NetThe net command is used to display, configure, and correct a wide variety of network settings.Net1The net1 command is used to display, configure, and correct a wide variety of network settings. The net command should be used instead of the net1 command. The net1 command was made available in versions of Windows before Windows XP as a temporary fix for a Y2K issue that the net command had, which was corrected before the release of Windows XP. The net1 command remains in Windows XP only for compatibility with older programs and scripts that utilized the command.NetshThe netsh command is used to start Network Shell, a command-line utility used to manage the network configuration of the local, or a remote, Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate), computer.NetstatThe netstat command is most commonly used to display all open network connections and listening ports.NlsfuncThe nlsfunc command is used to load information specific to a particular country or region. The nlsfunc command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP.NslookupThe nslookup command is most commonly used to display the hostname Helix Native Crack Archives an entered IP address. The nslookup command queries your configured DNS server to Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate) the IP address.NtbackupThe ntbackup command is used to perform various backup functions from the Command Prompt or from within a batch or script file.NtsdThe ntsd command is used to perform certain command line debugging tasks.OpenfilesThe openfiles command is used to display and disconnect open files and folders on a system.PathThe path command is used to display or set a specific path available to executable files.PathpingThe pathping command functions much like the tracert command but will also report information about network latency and loss at each hop.PauseThe pause command is used within a batch or script file to pause the processing of the file. When the pause command is used, a Press any key to continue. message displays in the command window.PentntThe pentnt command is used to detect floating point division errors in the Intel Pentium chip, Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate). The pentnt command is also used to enable floating point emulation and disable floating point hardware.PingThe ping command sends an Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) Echo Request message to a specified remote computer to verify IP-level connectivity.PopdThe popd command is used to change the current directory to the one most recently stored by the pushd command. The popd command is most often utilized from within a batch or script file.PowercfgThe powercfg command is used to manage the Windows power management settings from the command line.PrintThe print command is used to print a specified text file to a specified printing device.PromptThe prompt command is used to customize the appearance of the prompt text in Command Prompt.PushdThe pushd command is used to store a directory for use, most commonly from within a batch or script program.QappsrvThe qappsrv command is used to display all Remote Desktop Session Host servers available on the network.QprocessThe qprocess command is used to display information about running processes.QwinstaThe qwinsta command is used to display information about open Remote Desktop Sessions.RasautouThe rasautou command is used to manage Remote Access Dialer AutoDial addresses.RasdialThe rasdial command is used to start or end a network connection for a Microsoft client.RcpThe rcp command is used to copy files Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate) a Windows computer and a system running the rshd daemon.RdThe rd command is the shorthand version of the rmdir command.RecoverThe recover command is used to recover readable data from a bad or defective disk.RegThe reg command is used to manage the Windows Registry from the command line. The reg command can perform common registry functions like adding registry keys, exporting the registry, etc.ReginiThe regini command is used to set or change registry permissions and registry values from the command line.Regsvr32The regsvr32 command is used to register a DLL file as a command component in the Windows Registry.RelogThe relog command is used to create new performance logs from data in existing performance logs.RemThe rem command is used to record comments or remarks in a batch or script file.RenThe ren command is the shorthand version of the rename command.RenameThe rename command is used to change the name of the individual file that you specify.ReplaceThe replace command is used to replace one or more files with one or more other files.ResetThe reset command, executed as reset session, is used to reset the session subsystem software and hardware to known initial values.RexecThe rexec command is used to run commands on remote computers running the rexec daemon.RmdirThe rmdir command is used to delete an existing and completely empty folder.RouteThe route command is used to manipulate network routing tables.RshThe rsh command is used to run commands on remote computers running the rsh daemon.RsmThe rsm command is used to manage media resources using Removable Storage.RunasThe runas command is used to execute a program using another user's credentials.RwinstaThe rwinsta command is the shorthand version of the reset session command.ScThe sc command is used to configure information about services. The sc command communicates with the Service Control Manager.SchtasksThe schtasks command is used to schedule specified programs or commands to run a certain times. The schtasks Uses of Aiseesoft FoneLab Activation Code: Archives can be used to create, Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate), delete, query, change, run, and end scheduled tasks.SdbinstThe sdbinst command is used to deploy customized SDB database files.SeceditThe secedit command is used to configure and analyze system security by comparing the current security configuration to a template.SetThe set command is used to enable or disable certain options in Command Prompt.SetlocalThe setlocal command is used to start the localization of environment changes inside a batch or script file.SetverThe setver command is used to set the MS-DOS version number that MS-DOS reports to a program. The setver command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP.SfcThe sfc command is used to verify and replace important Windows system files. The sfc command is also referred to as System File Checker and Windows Resource Checker.ShadowThe shadow command Is used to monitor another Remote Desktop Services session.ShareThe share command is used to install file locking and file sharing functions in MS-DOS. The share command is not available in 64-bit versions of Windows XP and is only available in 32-bit versions to support older MS-DOS files.ShiftThe shift command is used to change the position of replaceable parameters in a batch or script file.ShutdownThe shutdown command can be used to shut down, restart, or log off the current system or a remote computer.SortThe sort command is used to read data from a specified input, sort that data, and return the results of that sort to the Command Prompt screen, a file, or another output device.StartThe start command is used to open a new command line window to Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate) a specified program or command. The start command can also be used to start an application without creating a new window.SubstThe subst command is used to associate a local path with a drive letter. The subst command is a lot like the net use command except a local path is used instead of a shared network path.SysteminfoThe systeminfo command is used to display basic Windows configuration information for the local or a remote computer.TaskkillThe taskkill command is used to terminate a running task. The taskkill command is the command line equivalent of ending a process in Task Manager in Windows.TasklistDisplays a list of applications, services, and the Process ID (PID) currently running on either a local or a remote computer.TcmsetupThe tcmsetup command is used to setup or disable the Telephony Application Programming Interface (TAPI) client.TelnetThe telnet command is used to communicate with remote computers that use the Telnet protocol.TftpThe tftp command is used to transfer files to and from a remote computer that's running the Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) service or daemon.TimeThe time command is used to show or change the current time.TitleThe title command is used to set the Command Prompt window title.TlntadmnThe tlntadmn command is used to administer a local or remote computer running Telnet Server.TracerptThe tracerpt command is used to process event trace logs or real-time data from instrumented event trace providers.TracertThe tracert command is used to show details about the path that a packet takes to a specified destination.TreeThe tree command is used to graphically display the folder structure of a specified drive or path.TsconThe tscon command is used to attach a user session to a Remote Desktop session.TsdisconThe tsdiscon command is used to disconnect a Remote Desktop session.TskillThe Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate) command is used to end the specified process.TsshutdnThe tsshutdn command is used to remotely shut down or restart a terminal server.TypeThe type command is used to display the information contained in a text file.TypeperfThe typeperf command displays performance data in the Command Prompt window or writes the data to specified log file.UnlodctrThe unlodctr command removes Explain text and Performance counter names for a service or device driver from the Windows Registry.VerThe ver command is used to display the current Windows version.VerifyThe verify command is used to enable or disable the ability of Command Prompt to verify that files are written correctly to a disk.VolThe vol command shows the volume label and serial number of a specified disk, assuming this information exists.VssadminThe vssadmin command starts the Volume Shadow Copy Service administrative command line tool which displays current volume shadow copy backups and all installed shadow copy writers and providers.W32tmThe w32tm command is used to diagnose issues with Windows Time.WmicThe wmic command starts the Windows Management Instrumentation Command line (WMIC), a scripting interface that simplifies the use of Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) and systems managed via WMI.XcopyThe xcopy command can copy one or more files or directory trees from one location to another.
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Installation of Windows XP

This chapter is from the book 

Product Activation, or Microsoft Product Activation (MPA) as it has become known, was not exactly a welcome addition in Windows XP. It was, however, not introduced in Windows XP, as it existed in late versions of Office 2000, all versions of Office XP, and Visio 2002. MPA works to stop casual copying of software by tying the hardware profile of a computer to software installation.

In the next sections, we are going to take a in-depth look at Product Activation, including the different activation scenarios that exist, Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate), how Product Activation works including what information it transmits to Microsoft, and how Product Activation will affect you.

When dealing with Product Activation, there are three scenarios that can occur. Without exception, you should fall into one of these three scenarios:

  • Retail box purchases

  • OEM installations

  • Volume licensing

Retail Box Purchases

Retail box purchases of Windows XP Professional present the most complex and confusing situation when it comes to dealing with Product Activation, Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate). Product Activation depends on submission of the Installation ID to Microsoft. The Installation ID is a unique number generated from two different pieces of information about a computer: the Product ID number and a hardware hash. The Installation ID has been designed to ensure anonymity in that no personally identifying information is ever transmitted to Microsoft. Instead, the Installation ID serves to deter and prevent software piracy by preventing installations of Windows XP Professional that violate its license.

The Product ID uniquely identifies one and only one copy of Windows XP Professional, and is created from the Product Key used during the installation of Windows XP. Each retail copy of Windows XP Professional has a unique Product Key, and thus every Product ID generated from a valid Product Key is also unique. Additionally, as in the past, the Product ID is used by Microsoft for support calls. You can view your Product ID (see Figure 3.28) by looking at the General tab of the System applet in the Control Panel (alternatively, you can access this applet by right-clicking on My Computer and selecting Properties from the context menu).

Figure 3.28Figure 3.28 Viewing the Product ID.

Product Keys and Product IDs

The practice of using Product Keys and Product IDs is not new to Windows XP. Microsoft, like many other software vendors, has been using Product Keys for many years to license software. Likewise, the practice of using a Product ID to validate an installed product has been around for a while as well.

The hardware hash is an eight-byte value that is created by taking information from 10 different components inside the computer and running this information through a mathematical calculation. The hash process is one-way and thus Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate) information cannot be reverse-engineered to yield any specific details about the computer from which it was obtained. The hardware hash also only uses a portion of each individual component hash value, thus further increasing user anonymity and preventing Microsoft from collecting any personally identifying information during the process of implementing Product Activation. Hardware hashes will be discussed at greater length in the "How Product Activation Works" section later in this chapter.

OEM Installations

A large majority of users acquire Windows XP Professional in the process of purchasing a new computer. For these customers, since Windows XP Professional is pre-loaded onto the new computer already, no activation will be required by the consumer. OEMs can pre- activate Windows XP Professional as part of the setup and configuration process before the new computer ever leaves the manufacturer. The overwhelming majority of new computers that feature Windows XP Professional will be pre-activated by the OEM before shipping. The chief difference between how OEMs license Windows XP Professional comes in how they choose to implement Product Activation.

System Locked Pre-installation

Many OEM computers come with a system restore CD-ROM that allows the user to perform a complete reinstallation or repair of the installed software components, including the operating system. In this way a specific CD-ROM can be tied to a specific system BIOS, thus preventing the CD from being used to install Windows on any other computer. Although OEM CD BIOS locking is not new, it has been expanded and now features integrated Product Activation. This method of protecting the software product is called System Locked Pre-installation, or SLP.

When SLP is implemented, the information stored in the BIOS is what protects against casual piracy such as installing the product on another computer. No communication is required with the Microsoft activation center, and thus the hardware hash value is required to be calculated. This form of Product Activation relies entirely on the BIOS information matching the SLP information at boot time. Since no hardware hash is calculated, you could thus change out every piece of hardware in the OEM computer without the need for reactivation of Windows XP Professional. In cases where the motherboard must be replaced, this could also be done without reactivation as long as the replacement motherboard was from the same OEM and contained the proper BIOS. Should a different motherboard be installed in the OEM computer that has non-matching BIOS information, the Windows XP Professional installation would then require reactivation within 30 days via the Internet or telephone call.

Using Standard Product Activation

If desired, an OEM can also activate a Windows XP Professional installation in the same way that retail purchase versions are activated. OEM computer installations activated using the standard Product Activation methods have all Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate) the same restrictions that retail purchase versions of Windows XP Professional do.

No OEM Product Activation

Some OEMs may choose to not activate Windows XP Professional at all. New OEM computers that are purchased which fall under this category will require Product Activation by the consumer using the standard Product Activation methods, either via the Internet or by telephone call to Microsoft.

Volume Licensing

The simplest of all scenarios occurs when dealing with Windows XP Professional licenses acquired through one of the Microsoft volume licensing agreements, such as Microsoft Open License, Enterprise Agreement, or Select License. Such installations will not require activation.

Windows XP Professional installations that are performed using volume licensing media and volume licensing keys (VLK) have no Product Activation, hardware checking, Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate), or limitations on product installation or disk imaging.

How Product Activation Works

As mentioned previously, Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate), the hardware hash and the Product ID are the two parts that make up the Installation ID, Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate). The Product ID is directly tied to the Product Key that is supplied with the Windows XP Professional retail product. OEMs will usually supply the Product Key with media they ship with new computers. Of the Product ID and the hardware hash, only the hardware hash truly identifies a particular computer—enough so for Product Activation's purposes anyhow. Thus, the hardware hash is of some concern to us, as it ultimately controls how Product Activation functions and whether or not activation is required on an installation.

Table 3.1 lists the hardware components that are utilized in calculating the hardware hash and the length of the data (in bits) that makes up the hardware hash. The hardware hash value is comprised of two 32-bit double words, for a total of 64 bits (or eight bytes) worth of data.

Table 3.1 Hardware Hash Components

Component

Length of Hash Value (in Bits)

Volume serial number

express vpn activation Code 2020 Archives rowspan="1">

10

Network adapter MAC address

10

CD-ROM/DVD-ROM/CD-RW identifier

7

Graphics display adapter

5

Amount of installed RAM (various ranges)

3

CPU type

3

CPU serial number

6

Hard drive serial number

7

SCSI controller serial number

5

IDE controller serial number

4

Docking capability

1

Hardware hash version (version of algorithm used)

3


The first four components make up the first double word value, with the rest of the list making up the second double word value. With the exception of amount of installed RAM and the hardware hash version, all other values are calculated using selected bits of an MD5 hash.

The value for a docking-capable computer also includes PCMCIA cards, as using either a docking station or PCMCIA cards can lead to hardware appearing and disappearing. This can lead to the appearance of devices being changed when they are simply not present at that time—such as when a portable computer is undocked.

The possible values for the installed RAM value are listed in Table 3.2. As of the time of writing, the hardware hash value is always set to a value of 001 decimal, which is a hex value of 0x01. If a component is not installed, such as a SCSI host adapter, then the value returned in the hardware hash will be a zero value.

Hex, Huh?

Hexadecimal, or more commonly Hex, uses the numbers 0–9 and the letters A–F to form a base-16 numbering system. The 0x in front of a Hex value simply notates it as a Hexadecimal value.

For a great primer on Hexadecimal Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate), see the Intuitor Hexadecimal Headquarters located at http://www.intuitor.com/hex/.

Table 3.2 RAM Amounts and Corresponding Hash Values

Amount of RAM Installed

Value

Less than 32MB

1

32MB–63MB

2

64MB–127MB

3

128MB–255MB

4

256MB–511MB

5

512MB–1023MB

6

More than 1023MB

7


As an example, the processor serial number is 96 bits in length. When Product Activation performs the hash calculation on that 96-bit value, it returns a 128-bit long value. Of these 128 bits in the hash value, only six bits of data is actually used in the hardware hash value that forms part of the Installation ID.

Six bits provides 64 different combinations (2^6), thus for the millions of computers in existence, only 64 possible processor hash values are possible. As only a fraction of the original data is used in the Product Activation calculation, the data cannot be reverse engineered, as previously mentioned. The processor serial number can never be determined from these six bits of data; the same holds true for all of the other components that Product Activation performs hashes on. In this way, the hardware hash has purposely been designed by Microsoft to ensure the user's privacy is respected at all times.

Perfect Privacy?

Although Microsoft has gone to great lengths to ensure that your private information stays private at all times, no process is perfect, and Product Activation is no exception. For more alternative views on the security of Product Activation, see the Fully Licensed FAQ on Product Activation at http://www.licenturion.com/xp/fully-licensed-faq.txt.

During the installation of Windows XP Professional, the hardware hash is calculated. This eight bytes of data, when combined with the Product ID (nine bytes) makes up the Installation ID. When Product Activation is conducted via the Internet, this seventeen bytes of data is sent to the Microsoft activation servers in binary format, along with header information, over a secure sockets (SSL) connection.

The activation process requires three steps when completed over the Internet:

  1. A handshake request, which establishes the connection between the Windows XP Professional computer and the Microsoft activation servers.

  2. A license request, in which the Windows XP Professional computer asks for a PKCS10 digital certificate from the Microsoft activation servers.

  3. An acknowledgement request, in which the Microsoft activation servers transmit a signed digital certificate activating the installation.

If the Internet activation succeeds then Product Activation is complete and will not again become an issue unless you exceed the maximum number of allowed changes, as detailed in the "Number of Changeable Items" section.

Should Internet activation not be feasible or desirable, telephone activation is possible as outlined in the following process.

  1. Locate the appropriate telephone number by selecting the country from which you are calling.

  2. Provide the 50 decimal digit Installation ID to the Microsoft representative.

  3. Enter in the corresponding 42 decimal digit Confirmation ID as supplied by the Microsoft representative.

NOTE

For more information on Product Activation, including how the hardware hash values are calculated for each hardware component, see the Fully Licensed Web site at http://www.licenturion.com/xp/.

Number of Changeable Items

Once Windows XP Professional has been activated, Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate), the hardware hash will be rechecked at every user logon event. This serves to reduce another prevalent form of software piracy—that of disk cloning. Disk cloning is an asset to administrators looking to quickly deploy multiple copies of Windows XP Professional, but is illegal without having the required Product Keys. In most legal cases, disk cloning is done using a volume license copy of Windows XP Professional using a Volume License Key, which does not require Product Activation in the first place.

When Windows XP Professional performs its hardware check, it is looking for changes in the hardware configuration of the computer. If a substantially different configuration is detected then reactivation is required. The actual number of components that will result in a reactivation scenario is discussed shortly. The hardware check at login is done after the SLP BIOS check should the SLP BIOS check fail. As long as an OEM computer is using a genuine replacement motherboard from the OEM containing the correct BIOS data, all other components in an OEM computer activated using the SLP BIOS method can be changed out without requiring reactivation of Windows XP Professional.

The number of hardware items that it takes to Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate) "substantially different" (in Microsoft speak) is dependent upon two things: whether or not the computer has a network adapter at the time of Windows XP activation, and whether or not the computer is dockable (this also includes the presence of PCMCIA slots), as outlined in Table 3.3.

Table 3.3 Number of Changed Components to Require Reactivation

Network Adapter Status

Docking Capability

Number of Changed Components to Require Reactivation

None installed at the time of Windows XP activation

No

4 or more

Installed at the time of Windows XP activation and subsequently changed

No

4 or more

Installed at the time of Windows XP activation and not changed

No

6 or more

None installed at the time of Windows XP activation

Yes

7 or more

Installed at the time of Windows XP activation and subsequently changed

Yes

7 or more

Installed at the time of Windows XP activation and not changed

Yes

9 or more


To help explain Table 3.3, a couple scenarios might be helpful.

  1. A computer has a network adapter installed at the time of Windows XP Professional activation. You later change the motherboard, CPU, video adapter, and CD-ROM drive. Additionally, you add more memory and a second hard drive.

  2. Reactivation is not required in this instance because only five components have been changed: motherboard, CPU, video adapter, CD-ROM and RAM (amount). The addition of a second hard Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate) is not of significance to Product Activation. If you were to change six or more hardware components, reactivation would be required.

  3. A computer has no network adapter installed at the time of Windows XP Professional activation. You later change the motherboard, CPU, video adapter, and CD-ROM drive. Additionally, you add more memory and a second hard drive.

  4. Reactivation is required in this instance because five components have been changed: motherboard, CPU, video adapter, CD-ROM, and RAM (amount). When you change four or more hardware components, reactivation is required.

If a single device is changed repeatedly, such as a video adapter that is changed from the original one to new adapter A then later to new adapter B, this is evaluated only as one change. Either the current hardware is the same as when activation was completed or it's not. Windows XP doesn't care how many changes have been made in the interim. Adding components after activation that were not present at the time of activation also has no impact on the hardware hash and is ignored by Windows XP Professional during its check to determine whether reactivation is necessary, Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate). Microsoft has also built in two additional loopholes into Product Activation for power users who frequently reinstall Windows XP Professional or who frequently change the hardware configuration of their computers. Windows XP Professional can be reinstalled and subsequently reactivated on the same computer an infinite number of times. In cases where the hardware configuration has changed enough to require reactivation, Microsoft allows a maximum of four reactivations per year on Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate) different" hardware—this should be enough to keep most power users happy as they continually tweak their systems. Both of these reactivation events can occur over the Internet instead of requiring a phone call.

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View or change the Office or Outlook Product Key

I've got several licenses for Office and Outlook but I'm not sure which one which ones I've used and which ones are free.

How can I find out which license I've used for which computer and how can I change the key if needed?

Button Product Key Office 2013Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate) you could simply try one of your Product/License Keys and see if it gets accepted, it’s not a very sophisticated approach.

The proper method to determine or change the Product Key depends on your version of Office or Outlook. However, for either version there is no need to completely reinstall Office.

Note: Microsoft 365 installations don’t require a license key as they activate automatically when you log on to Office with your Microsoft Account. The same applies to Office 2016 and Office 2019 licenses that are linked to your Microsoft Account.

Find license keys for Office 2010, Office 2013, Office 2016 and Office 2019 via a script

VBS Script buttonOffice 2010 and later include a vbs-script which will reveal the last 5 characters of your Product Key. It’s pretty safe to state that these 5 characters would already be more than enough to find out which Product Key you have used (as you should already have safely stored the full Product Key code somewhere else together with your other license information).

You can run the vbs-file in the following way;

  1. Open a command prompt. For instance via:
  2. In the command prompt, type the following:
    • Office 2016/2019 (32-bit) on a 32-bit version of Windows
    • Office 2016/2019 (32-bit) on a 64-bit version of Windows
    • Office 2016/2019 (64-bit) on a 64-bit version of Windows
    • Office 2013 (32-bit) on a 32-bit version of Windows
    • Office 2013 (32-bit) on a 64-bit version of Windows
    • Office 2013 (64-bit) on a 64-bit version of Windows
    • Office 2010 (32-bit) on a 32-bit version of Windows
    • Office 2010 (32-bit) on a 64-bit version of Windows
    • Office 2010 (64-bit) on a 64-bit version of Windows
  3. You should now get a screen with some license details such as the license name, type and the last 5 characters of the Product Key.

Use OSPP.VBS to reveal your Office 2010, 2013, <b>Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate)</b>, 2016, or 2019 Product Key.
Office offers a scripted method to lookup your Product Key.

Changing the Product Key for Office 2010 / 2013 / 2016 / 2019

Change License Key buttonChanging the Product Key for msi-based installations of Office can be done directly from the Control Panel/Apps & Features or via a command line.

Product Keys for Click-to-Run based installations of Office can only be modified via the command line.

  • Windows 10
    Start-> Settings-> Apps
  • Windows 7 and Windows 8
    Start-> Control Panel-> Uninstall a Program

Here, locate your Office application and press Modify or Change. Setup will now start with the option “Enter a Product Key” which allows you to enter a different product key.

When you are using a Click-to-Run based installation of Office or want to change the Product Key via a command line, you can Ableton Live Archives - Malik Softs the same OSPP.VBS script as mentioned before.

Step 1: Add the new key
Instead of using the switch, you must use the switch, where you should replace for your Product Key.

Step 2: Remove the old key
To remove the previous key, you must use the switch, where you should replace for the last 5 character of the installed product key as reported with .

Changing the Product Key for Office XP/2002 / 2003 / 2007

Office 2007 buttonChanging the Product Key for Office 2007 or previous requires you to go into the Registry.

  1. Browse to the following key:
  2. Now is a good point to make a backup of that key;
    Right click on the key, choose Export… and save the file to for instance your Desktop.
  3. Expand the Registration key in the Registry and you’ll see one or more sub keys which contain a lot of characters between curly brackets: Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate) and stellar data recovery professional
    Each sub key stands for an installed Office application.
    The proper name for this identifier string is called a “GUID”.
  4. Click on the sub key to reveal its contents in the right pane.
    The key will reveal the name of the package that you have installed. If you have multiple GUID sub keys listed, you can use this key name to determine for which installation you’ll be changing the Product Key.
  5. In the pane on the right, delete the following keys:
    • Close the Registry and start Outlook (or any other Office application); you’ll now be prompted to fill in your Product Key and activate Office again.

    Delete the DigitalProductID and ProductID key to reset your Product Key
    Delete the DigitalProductID and ProductID key to reset your Product Key.

    Determine the Product Key with a 3rd party tool

    Tools buttonDetermining the used Product Key when using Office 2007 or previous isn’t directly supported by Microsoft. However, you can use a little program called Magic Jelly Bean Keyfinder to find out your used Product Key. Simply install and run the application to find out the Product Key (note: during the installation, there will be a prompt to also install a sponsored application which you can choose not to install).

    Another free application which you can use is Belarc Advisor. This application does a bit more thorough scan of your computer for which it generates a report that also includes license keys for several of your installed applications. If you are in a large corporate network, you might want to disconnect your network connection as it will also try to build a network map which may cause the application to appear to hang at the “checking the local Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate) of this computer” stage.

    Last modified: May 20, 2021

    Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

    Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate) fuwn / xp Public

    Although Microsoft does not support Windows XP updates any more, I’m sure there are still many users using it due to their personal habits or job demands, Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate). Therefore XP’s product keys may be necessary even now, and 8cy provided you with the most comprehensive Windows XP product keys here, just in order to provide some convenience.

    The following CD-KEYs are official and original from Microsoft, mainly used for Windows XP Professional Service Pack 2/3 VOL/VLK system images which are the easiest ones to find on the Internet. Their biggest advantage is your Windows XP will be activated after using these Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate) to complete installation.

    // Windows XP Pro Product Keys //

    SP3 VOL

    M6TF9-8XQ2M-YQK9F-7TBB2-XGG88

    SP3 VOL

    MRX3F-47B9T-2487J-KWKMF-RPWBY

    SP3 VOL

    QC986-27D34-6M3TY-JJXP9-TBGMD

    SP3 VLK

    TQMCY-42MBK-3R4YG-478KD-7FY3M

    SP3 VOL

    • CM3HY-26VYW-6JRYC-X66GX-JVY2D
    • DP7CM-PD6MC-6BKXT-M8JJ6-RPXGJ
    • F4297-RCWJP-P482C-YY23Y-XH8W3
    • HH7VV-6P3G9-82TWK-QKJJ3-MXR96
    • HCQ9D-TVCWX-X9QRG-J4B2Y-GR2TT
    • K2CXT-C6TPX-WCXDP-RMHWT-V4TDT
    • QHYXK-JCJRX-XXY8Y-2KX2X-CCXGD
    • MFBF7-2CK8B-93MDB-8MR7T-4QRCQ
    • 2QQ6J-HGXY3-VGH23-HYQDC-BYR2D
    • CM3HY-26VYW-6JRYC-X66GX-JVY2D
    • T72KM-6GWBP-GX7TD-CXFT2-7WT2B

    SP3 VLK

    • DG8FV-B9TKY-FRT9J-6CRCC-XPQ4G
    • RFYPJ-BKXH2-26FWP-WB6MT-CYH2Y
    • 7HPVP-8VHPV-G7CQ3-BTK2R-TDRF3
    • DG8FV-B9TKY-FRT9J-6CRCC-XPQ4G
    • CXGDD-GP2B2-RKWWD-HG3HY-VDJ7J
    • RK7J8-2PGYQ-P47VV-V6PMB-F6XPQ
    • T44H2-BM3G7-J4CQR-MPDRM-BWFWM
    • XW6Q2-MP4HK-GXFK3-KPGG4-GM36T

    SP3 VOL MSDN

    MRX3F-47B9T-2487J-KWKMF-RPWBY

    SP3 HP

    P2BXT-D7Y8P-F6WF2-HYXY9-49TJD

    SP3 OEM SONY

    K7RGC-CDXYJ-FTYH2-Y3VVV-KBYC7

    SP3 IBM

    TW8WB-MKT89-FRD3V-H6CGJ-6JW83

    ACER

    KDD3G-HGVGM-M24P4-6BMMY-9XHF8

    DELL

    KG7G9-67KHV-4FQKV-4DYXK-BHQTJ

    LENOVO

    VF4HT-MPWB8-TWV6R-K6QM4-W6JCM

    SP3 OEM THTF

    M68XC-TX2C9-PKK8H-GP8JH-RC8XB

    SP3 OEM COMPAQ

    KYKVX-86GQG-2MDY9-F6J9M-K42BQ

    FUJITSU OEM

    C873T-F3X3M-9F6TR-J26GM-YTKKD

    Pro SP3 OEM FOUNDER

    F4G2M-BH2JF-GTGJW-W82HY-VMRRQ

    Home SP3 OEM FOUNDER

    K72PX-D96QW-RCHB9-3P96F-YQBCY

    Home OEM Haier

    GYFDM-KCXHW-6GFGQ-JQ9FH-B4TRY

    SP2 OEM HP

    P2BXT-D7Y8P-F6WF2-HYXYP-49TJD

    Home OEM

    JQ4T4-8VM63-6WFBK-KTT29-V8966

    Home Retail

    RH6M6-7PPK4-YR86H-YFFFX-PW8M8

    Media Center

    • C4BH3-P4J7W-9MT6X-PGKC8-J4JTM
    • B2Y39-43MG6-MMGRG-7VKCF-VXMCM

    Professional Corp

    XP8BF-F8HPF-PY6BX-K24PJ-TWT6M

    Professional OEM

    XJM6Q-BQ8HW-T6DFB-Y934T-YD4YT

    Professional Retail

    CD87T-HFP4C-V7X7H-8VY68-W7D7M

    Professional SP2 VOL

    CCMWP-99T99-KCY96-FGKBW-F9WJT

    Plus!

    DMC3M-2PD9R-9F8RY-KCKYC-JPXWM

    Windows Server 2003 VOL

    KJTHV-V4BVY-6R9JK-YJM7X-X7FDY

    Office 2003 VOL

    GWH28-DGCMP-P6RC4-6J4MT-3HFDY

    SP3

    • V2C47-MK7JD-3R89F-D2KXW-VPK3J
    • T7C4Q-47VGM-R7J6B-VPJ84-JPJ93
    • FY32F-XF3B6-277BF-YWBQF-GVRX3
    • XBC76-H7RCG-KQPKH-QK8PT-7D789
    • VQP4F-V47P8-BBDXK-R7K9Q-B42BB
    • TBHJK-W4DPH-9D267-H93VR-WMXQJ
    • JBH94-K6WKQ-YHTD6-XJFV9-WJP7Y
    • C626F-H4CCJ-PWR8R-2RB9K-3G3HD
    • HRCXT-BY6WB-VBM83-CMBXF-BVWYY
    • W733W-GWPGB-37X4T-BRD7P-JVT2D
    • VHBCM-H2YTW-TCYRR-QFTV6-XQQBG
    • XGVKJ-C8FB2-9GXXF-7DTG4-RYXFB
    • BMR29-HX9Y6-X6GTX-GKGGX-K8VV6
    • RHGJC-9CPJC-8M8F6-KYXCP-FRGC6
    • J3GMD-RMM3Q-HKC62-TV8Y8-246Q3
    • 9HFGJ-KERJT-IOQ73-8YR78-93UT5
    • JKJIF-YUQEW-786DM-NBDSH-GUIRE
    • TQ23P-98R87-89340-83QOI-WEJF8
    • DFHNG-RGTFR-89T57-6983P-UROFD
    • SJHGL-IUWRT-89023-48HR4–U4938
    • WHTKJL-RDHF8-7TG64-5ES42-76RY4
    • 23YU7-65RK0-HEVJK-SDAGI-OP265

    SP2

    • KLSDJ-FERIO-UT843-U8JF8-43Y84
    • 93UJF-KDSIU-YT78Y-SDKJF-IOEWJ
    • FIOSD-FUHY7-ERTY7-843UR-OEJFK
    • DSHFG-8734Y-78927-4932J-FKJSD
    • FVHER-UIYT7-84358-93047-48294
    • 2307T-78436-YKJDF-SLHNV-JKSDH
    • JKSDH-FGSDH-FKJSD-MNF32-98784
    • 79Y5F-I34QY-65784-30UJR-DKSDG
    • OUI8W-Y3458-7934R-UREJG-KPWER
    • UIT89-0432U-Y0UTD-JSMCF-KLASD
    • HIUWE-Y4I78-34U5T-98234-U782T

    Unknown

    • JJWKH-7M9R8-26VM4-FX8CC-GDPD8
    • Q3R8Y-MP9KD-3M6KB-383YB-7PK9Q
    • QB2BW-8PJ2D-9X7JK-BCCRT-D233Y
    • FCKGW-RHQQ2-YXRKT-8TG6W-2B7Q8
    • F6PGG-4YYDJ-3FF3T-R328P-3BXTG
    • FM9FY-TMF7Q-KCKCT-V9T29-TBBBG
    • RK7J8-2PGYQ-4P7VL-V6PMB-F6XPQ
    • KWT78-4D939-MRKK9-64W8C-CPF33
    • BJXGH-4TG7P-F9PRP-K6FJD-JQMPM
    • RBDC9-VTRC8-D7972-J97JY-PRVMG
    • DW3CF-D7KYR-KMR6C-3X7FX-T8CVM
    • MQPD6-C748R-FMRV6-8C3QK-79THJ
    • DTWB2-VX8WY-FG8R3-X696T-66Y46
    • DW87C-76RXP-LLK6C-3FJ2J-2908F

    SP2 VOL

    • B66VY-4D94T-TPPD4-43F72-8X4FY
    • VCFQD-V9FX9-46WVH-K3CD4-4J3JM

    SP2 VOL

    WBD2T-3V7TW-GWJW6-HC6CK-R7MBJ

    SP2 VOL

    WPH7P-DQMY8-97MWQ-Y26V7-3C4HM

    SP2 VOL

    • M4733-B8WX6-G999M-P3YR6-TDYVM
    • PFC3B-RTB4W-F3Q44-JWQQR-447BB

    SP2 VOL

    HH7VV-6P3G9-82TWK-QKJJ3-MXR96

    SP2 VOL

    F4297-RCWJP-P482C-YY23Y-XH8W3

    SP2 VOL

    MRX3F-47B9T-2487J-KWKMF-RPWBY

    SP2 VOL

    QC986-27D34-6M3TY-JJXP9-TBGMD

    SP2 VOL

    • C4FPJ-HQCGP-QD3XC-2JF34-FT8Y6
    • CH6BH-G7PCX-KTM8K-WRKBD-HC7TW
    • M4676-2VW7F-6BCVH-9QPBF-QBRBM
    • DW3CF-D7KYR-KMR6C-3X7FX-T8CVM
    • 7FMM3-W4FMP-4WRXX-BKDRT-7HG48
    • B2RBK-7KPT9-4JP6X-QQFWM-PJD6G
    • DM8R3-3VBXF-F7JRX-FJ7P4-YD3HM
    • FCKGW-RHQQ2-YXRKT-8TG6W-2B7Q8
    • TCP8W-T8PQJ-WWRRH-QH76C-99FBW
    • CKY24-Q8QRH-X3KMR-C6BCY-T847Y
    • RBDC9-VTRC8-D7972-J97JY-PRVMG
    • R3MGD-3H6HQ-RDRCR-KJXTM-3C8JW

    SP2 VOL

    R7Q3G-CHTW9-CCQV9-G7DX6-RVTDY

    SP2 VOL

    DRYCH-Q9RY7-YH62D-K98QM-KCGQ8

    SP2 VOL

    • DQ3PG-2PTGJ-43FP2-RPRKB-QBYRY
    • DQ3PG-2PTGJ-43FP2-RPRKB-QBYRY
    • BXDQR-2KCR9-2VMJK-WDW94-PH2PB
    • HC47V-BMGVC-MWB4X-KJTTD-RMH4Y
    • BRC43-2CBV7-TCB9W-WHRGP-39XWM
    • BMHW2-GR289-D3PR9-JQF6P-YPQJM
    • DB8YF-HTGKP-6C948-3BHYD-PH2PB

    These may work, but the following is recommended after installation:

    • Don't be connected to the internet until you do the following step.
    • Follow this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nTL2c6FSO68 (The person editing this assumes you have another device because GitHub probably doesn't work on XP)
    • Check activation again.
    • JT42G-DDBCX-WTDMB-8WCT2-JGGH8
    • V7BWD-G9YR6-9FG87-8Q2HV-YJGTG
    • PW6PT-TCGBR-HKTCT-GKKY6-QGK86
    • MT8JF-T82RK-R6C82-3YGHH-224PP
    • G7BR9-8QV29-3QFHP-F84WG-X9PYQ
    • XYRYX-XCG6K-W7PK8-2CTQQ-86DWR
    • VTYH4-P88R2-MW38B-Q62KT-48F7Y
    • MY7CJ-VQWBC-36JWH-6CJ37-TQVHC
    • XMCM6-DKYCQ-2BHQH-4PCHR-TBJCR

    // What’s VOL and VLK //

    VOL (short for Volume Licensing for Organizations, AKA: VL), any Windows OS setup CD/DVD or image file with “VOL” word, that indicates it is one of the licensed Windows copies. And the most important point thing is – according to the regulations of VOL plans, VOL licensed products don’t need to activate at all.

    VLK (short for Volume Licensing Key) does refer to the product key required in the VOL edition’s deployment rather than the edition name. And it’s only suitable for VOL edition with the only effect – prove the product is legal, licensed under VOL.

    According to the license agreement, the product keys for retail edition of XP can only be used on one PC, but the ones for VOL edition can be supplied for more PCs to use. Second, there is another important difference, the retail edition of XP needs to activate, Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate), yet Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate) don’t have this concept totally. Last, VOL edition of XP doesn’t have the Home Edition, and its function is exactly the same with the Professional Edition.

    // Prompts //

    Before installing Windows XP, do not forget to record the serial numbers on a piece of paper or use your smartphone to shoot it down!

    All Rights Reserved © AppNee Freeware Group.

    Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

    Windows XP Product Key All Editions Universal Product Keys Collection

    Contents

    If you looking on the internet a Windows XP Product Key So, you come to the right place now a day shares with you all windows XP version product keys or serial key to get enter and activate windows in 2019. A lot of people daily bases search windows XP sp2 or sp3 professional edition windows product key because Microsft can not any update for Windows XP all for manual work so this post all about Windows XP how to activate and how to select a product key or lifetime working.

    Although Windows XP updates won’t be supported by Microsoft, due to their personal habits or work requirements, I am sure that many users are still using it. So even now, the product keys for XP can be used, has given you the most comprehensive product keys for Windows XP, to make this easy.

    WINDOWS XP OPERATING SYSTEM

    The following CD-KEYs are official and original from Microsoft and are mainly used for 2/3VOL / VLK System Pack images of Windows XP Professional Service, Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate), the most convenient online to find. Your greatest benefit is to enable your Windows XP after you use these CD-KEYs.

    Product Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate) for Windows XP are available free of charge. Windows XP was created and launched in 2001 by Microsoft. The Windows Vista was the successor to it. With its users, Windows XP was positive about increased performance, an intuitive user interface, enhanced hardware support, and its expanded multimedia capabilities. The product key was included in the Windows XP. Whereas Windows XP has proven popular and widely used in the event of initial concerns regarding its new licensing model and product activation system. In January 2017, NetMarketshare’s market share for Windows XP desktops is 10.34 %. The latest version of Windows is available. You can also check out the windows 7 product key.

    Windows XP Product Key Free [UPDATED 2021]

    Windows XP Professional 32-bit Edition

    SP3 VOLM6TF9-8XQ2M-YQK9F-7TBB2-XGG88
    SP3 VOLMRX3F-47B9T-2487J-KWKMF-RPWBY
    SP3 VOLQC986-27D34-6M3TY-JJXP9-TBGMD
    SP3 VLKTQMCY-42MBK-3R4YG-478KD-7FY3M
    SP3 VOL
    • CM3HY-26VYW-6JRYC-X66GX-JVY2D
    • DP7CM-PD6MC-6BKXT-M8JJ6-RPXGJ
    • F4297-RCWJP-P482C-YY23Y-XH8W3
    • HH7VV-6P3G9-82TWK-QKJJ3-MXR96
    • HCQ9D-TVCWX-X9QRG-J4B2Y-GR2TT
    • K2CXT-C6TPX-WCXDP-RMHWT-V4TDT
    • QHYXK-JCJRX-XXY8Y-2KX2X-CCXGD
    • MFBF7-2CK8B-93MDB-8MR7T-4QRCQ
    • 2QQ6J-HGXY3-VGH23-HYQDC-BYR2D
    • CM3HY-26VYW-6JRYC-X66GX-JVY2D
    • T72KM-6GWBP-GX7TD-CXFT2-7WT2B
    SP3 VLK
    • DG8FV-B9TKY-FRT9J-6CRCC-XPQ4G
    • RFYPJ-BKXH2-26FWP-WB6MT-CYH2Y
    • 7HPVP-8VHPV-G7CQ3-BTK2R-TDRF3
    • DG8FV-B9TKY-FRT9J-6CRCC-XPQ4G
    • CXGDD-GP2B2-RKWWD-HG3HY-VDJ7J
    • RK7J8-2PGYQ-P47VV-V6PMB-F6XPQ
    • T44H2-BM3G7-J4CQR-MPDRM-BWFWM
    • XW6Q2-MP4HK-GXFK3-KPGG4-GM36T
    SP3 VOL MSDNMRX3F-47B9T-2487J-KWKMF-RPWBY
    SP3 HPP2BXT-D7Y8P-F6WF2-HYXY9-49TJD
    SP3 OEM SONYK7RGC-CDXYJ-FTYH2-Y3VVV-KBYC7
    SP3 IBMTW8WB-MKT89-FRD3V-H6CGJ-6JW83
    ACERKDD3G-HGVGM-M24P4-6BMMY-9XHF8
    DELLKG7G9-67KHV-4FQKV-4DYXK-BHQTJ
    LENOVOVF4HT-MPWB8-TWV6R-K6QM4-W6JCM
    SP3 OEM THTFM68XC-TX2C9-PKK8H-GP8JH-RC8XB
    SP3 OEM COMPAQKYKVX-86GQG-2MDY9-F6J9M-K42BQ
    FUJITSU OEMC873T-F3X3M-9F6TR-J26GM-YTKKD
    Pro SP3 OEM FOUNDERF4G2M-BH2JF-GTGJW-W82HY-VMRRQ
    Home SP3 OEM FOUNDERK72PX-D96QW-RCHB9-3P96F-YQBCY
    Home OEM HaierGYFDM-KCXHW-6GFGQ-JQ9FH-B4TRY
    SP2 OEM HPP2BXT-D7Y8P-F6WF2-HYXYP-49TJD
    Home OEMJQ4T4-8VM63-6WFBK-KTT29-V8966
    Home RetailRH6M6-7PPK4-YR86H-YFFFX-PW8M8
    Media Center
    • C4BH3-P4J7W-9MT6X-PGKC8-J4JTM
    • B2Y39-43MG6-MMGRG-7VKCF-VXMCM
    Professional CorpXP8BF-F8HPF-PY6BX-K24PJ-TWT6M
    Professional OEMXJM6Q-BQ8HW-T6DFB-Y934T-YD4YT
    Professional RetailCD87T-HFP4C-V7X7H-8VY68-W7D7M
    Professional SP2 VOLCCMWP-99T99-KCY96-FGKBW-F9WJT
    Plus!DMC3M-2PD9R-9F8RY-KCKYC-JPXWM
    Windows Server 2003 VOLKJTHV-V4BVY-6R9JK-YJM7X-X7FDY
    Office 2003 VOLGWH28-DGCMP-P6RC4-6J4MT-3HFDY
    SP3
    • V2C47-MK7JD-3R89F-D2KXW-VPK3J
    • T7C4Q-47VGM-R7J6B-VPJ84-JPJ93
    • FY32F-XF3B6-277BF-YWBQF-GVRX3
    • XBC76-H7RCG-KQPKH-QK8PT-7D789
    • VQP4F-V47P8-BBDXK-R7K9Q-B42BB
    • TBHJK-W4DPH-9D267-H93VR-WMXQJ
    • JBH94-K6WKQ-YHTD6-XJFV9-WJP7Y
    • C626F-H4CCJ-PWR8R-2RB9K-3G3HD
    • HRCXT-BY6WB-VBM83-CMBXF-BVWYY
    • W733W-GWPGB-37X4T-BRD7P-JVT2D
    • VHBCM-H2YTW-TCYRR-QFTV6-XQQBG
    • XGVKJ-C8FB2-9GXXF-7DTG4-RYXFB
    • BMR29-HX9Y6-X6GTX-GKGGX-K8VV6
    • RHGJC-9CPJC-8M8F6-KYXCP-FRGC6
    • J3GMD-RMM3Q-HKC62-TV8Y8-246Q3
    • 9HFGJ-KERJT-IOQ73-8YR78-93UT5
    • JKJIF-YUQEW-786DM-NBDSH-GUIRE
    • TQ23P-98R87-89340-83QOI-WEJF8
    • DFHNG-RGTFR-89T57-6983P-UROFD
    • SJHGL-IUWRT-89023-48HR4–U4938
    • WHTKJL-RDHF8-7TG64-5ES42-76RY4
    • 23YU7-65RK0-HEVJK-SDAGI-OP265
    SP2
    • KLSDJ-FERIO-UT843-U8JF8-43Y84
    • 93UJF-KDSIU-YT78Y-SDKJF-IOEWJ
    • FIOSD-FUHY7-ERTY7-843UR-OEJFK
    • DSHFG-8734Y-78927-4932J-FKJSD
    • FVHER-UIYT7-84358-93047-48294
    • 2307T-78436-YKJDF-SLHNV-JKSDH
    • JKSDH-FGSDH-FKJSD-MNF32-98784
    • 79Y5F-I34QY-65784-30UJR-DKSDG
    • OUI8W-Y3458-7934R-UREJG-KPWER
    • UIT89-0432U-Y0UTD-JSMCF-KLASD
    • HIUWE-Y4I78-34U5T-98234-U782T
    Unknown
    • JJWKH-7M9R8-26VM4-FX8CC-GDPD8
    • Q3R8Y-MP9KD-3M6KB-383YB-7PK9Q
    • QB2BW-8PJ2D-9X7JK-BCCRT-D233Y
    • FCKGW-RHQQ2-YXRKT-8TG6W-2B7Q8
    • F6PGG-4YYDJ-3FF3T-R328P-3BXTG
    • FM9FY-TMF7Q-KCKCT-V9T29-TBBBG
    • RK7J8-2PGYQ-4P7VL-V6PMB-F6XPQ
    • KWT78-4D939-MRKK9-64W8C-CPF33
    • BJXGH-4TG7P-F9PRP-K6FJD-JQMPM
    • RBDC9-VTRC8-D7972-J97JY-PRVMG
    • DW3CF-D7KYR-KMR6C-3X7FX-T8CVM
    • MQPD6-C748R-FMRV6-8C3QK-79THJ
    • DTWB2-VX8WY-FG8R3-X696T-66Y46
    • DW87C-76RXP-LLK6C-3FJ2J-2908F

     

    Windows XP Professional 64-bit Edition

    SP2 VOL
    • B66VY-4D94T-TPPD4-43F72-8X4FY
    • VCFQD-V9FX9-46WVH-K3CD4-4J3JM
    SP2 VOLWBD2T-3V7TW-GWJW6-HC6CK-R7MBJ
    SP2 VOLWPH7P-DQMY8-97MWQ-Y26V7-3C4HM
    SP2 VOL
    • M4733-B8WX6-G999M-P3YR6-TDYVM
    • PFC3B-RTB4W-F3Q44-JWQQR-447BB
    SP2 VOLHH7VV-6P3G9-82TWK-QKJJ3-MXR96
    SP2 VOLF4297-RCWJP-P482C-YY23Y-XH8W3
    SP2 VOLMRX3F-47B9T-2487J-KWKMF-RPWBY
    SP2 VOLQC986-27D34-6M3TY-JJXP9-TBGMD
    SP2 VOL
    • C4FPJ-HQCGP-QD3XC-2JF34-FT8Y6
    • CH6BH-G7PCX-KTM8K-WRKBD-HC7TW
    • M4676-2VW7F-6BCVH-9QPBF-QBRBM
    • DW3CF-D7KYR-KMR6C-3X7FX-T8CVM
    • 7FMM3-W4FMP-4WRXX-BKDRT-7HG48
    • B2RBK-7KPT9-4JP6X-QQFWM-PJD6G
    • DM8R3-3VBXF-F7JRX-FJ7P4-YD3HM
    • FCKGW-RHQQ2-YXRKT-8TG6W-2B7Q8
    • TCP8W-T8PQJ-WWRRH-QH76C-99FBW
    • CKY24-Q8QRH-X3KMR-C6BCY-T847Y
    • RBDC9-VTRC8-D7972-J97JY-PRVMG
    • R3MGD-3H6HQ-RDRCR-KJXTM-3C8JW
    SP2 VOLR7Q3G-CHTW9-CCQV9-G7DX6-RVTDY
    SP2 VOLDRYCH-Q9RY7-YH62D-K98QM-KCGQ8
    SP2 VOL
    • DQ3PG-2PTGJ-43FP2-RPRKB-QBYRY
    • DQ3PG-2PTGJ-43FP2-RPRKB-QBYRY
    • BXDQR-2KCR9-2VMJK-WDW94-PH2PB
    • HC47V-BMGVC-MWB4X-KJTTD-RMH4Y
    • BRC43-2CBV7-TCB9W-WHRGP-39XWM
    • BMHW2-GR289-D3PR9-JQF6P-YPQJM
    • DB8YF-HTGKP-6C948-3BHYD-PH2PB

     

    You get a real Windows XP key when you buy a genuine Windows XP. This free Windows XP serial key helps to make sure you use genuine Windows. You must follow a step to activate your system’s windows if you receive these 25 digit Windows XP product keys. Below is how to activate your Windows XP with a free Windows XP product key.

    DO YOU NEED A WINDOWS XP 32-BIT OR 64-BIT KEY?

    Do you need a 32-bit or 64-bit Windows XP serial key? I know this is a worrying issue. Read the answer below in detail. For both 32-bit and 64-bit machines, Windows XP is released. The bits (32 or 64) are based on the architecture of your CPU, Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate). You can only install a 32-bit operating system if you have a 32-bit processor–in this case, Windows XP 32-bit. If you have a 64-bit processor, you’ll have to install Windows XP 64-bit and can handle your CPU with a bigger amount of memory. The majority of PCs used 32-bit hardware when Windows XP was launched. This meant that 90% of computers were equipped at that time to run a 32-bit operating system.

    How to activate Windows with Windows XP Product Key?

    Now it’s time to activate Windows XP with the correct activation code when we have found the right version of your windows installed on your computer. Some of you may have difficulty finding out where the product key needs to be added, Office xp 2002 (full serial not request activate). The following steps are taken to help you install the Professional Product Key of Windows XP.

    1. Click on the Start button

    2. Right-click on Computer and go to Properties

    3. At the bottom, click on Windows Activation

    4. Now you’ll have an option to change the Windows XP Professional Product Key

    5. Click on this option and enter your “Windows XP product Key”

    6. Wait for the wizard to complete the activation process

    Источник: [https://torrent-igruha.org/3551-portal.html]

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